Objects - Tools, Farm, and Home

Here you'll find the tools and materials of everyday life at home, at work, and at the farm. From kitchen scales and radios to ice saws and scythes, find everything that made life a little different.

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Animal Brand
Name/Title
Animal Brand
Entry/Object ID
1942.9
Description
Wooden block carved into the letters "C.P" in reverse, similar to a stamp. A wooden handle protrudes from the other side.
Use
Used to brand livestock
Context
Owned by Calvin Peabody of Topsham, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1942.9
Source or Donor
Rogers, Cora Peabody
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1866
19th Century
Lexicon
Brand, Animal,Tool, Animal Identification,Animal Care Equipment,Animal Husbandry T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Peabody, Calvin C. (1836-1906)
Topsham
Animal Brand
Interpretative Labels
Sheep Brands, c. 1850 Wood #1929.9.1a-c Sheared sheep were often marked with their owner’s initials by applying paint with wooden or metal brands.
Name/Title
Animal Brand
Entry/Object ID
1929.9.1a-c
Description
Three wooden brander carved into the letters H, E, and G. The handles are cut with the mark, "H B Lord". They appear to be unused.
Use
Used to mark livestock to indicate ownership
Acquisition
Accession Number
1929.9
Source or Donor
Unknown
Made or Created
1850
Lexicon
Brand, Animal,Tool, Animal Identification,Animal Care Equipment,Animal Husbandry T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Apple Peeler
Interpretative Labels
Apple Peeler, 1825 Russell Hoyt Craftsbury, VT Wood, metal Gift of Clara Lucena Buswell, 1972.3.2 Apples have always been a core food product for Vermont, and many uses of apples require them to be peeled and cored. Introducing a mechanical device to the process speeds things up considerably, reducing the tedium of the task and preserving more of the apple’s flesh. There are dozens of potential variations on mechanical parers, including many commercially made variations (see 2014.60.1033 in this same exhibition). This apple parer is homemade and quite simple. It only performs one part of the process: turning the apple. The user would secure the long board part – possibly with clamps or possibly by sitting on it – and stick the apple onto the turning arm. Twirling the lever then rotates the apple, while the user would hold a knife steady to remove the peel. Notably, the tine where the apple would be stuck appears to be a repurposed kitchen implement. Russell Hoyt of Craftsbury made this apple parer sometime in the 19th century, and passed it down through his family.
Name/Title
Apple Peeler
Entry/Object ID
1972.3.2
Description
Flat wooden board that narrows slightly at one end. On that narrower end are two pieces of wood carved to arch over another wooden cylinder. The two pieces are attached to the board with metal nails at either end.

The wooden cylinder has a handle at one end and metal tines at the other that appears to have been made from a dining fork.
Context
Made and used by Russell Hoyt of Craftsbury, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.3
Source or Donor
Buswell, Clara Lucena
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Hoyt, Russell (1805-1890)
1825
Craftsbury
Lexicon
Peeler, Fruit,Peeler,Tool, Food Cutting,Food Preparation Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Apple Peeler
Interpretative Labels
Apple Peeler, circa 1856 Horatio Keyes (1830-1904) Leominster, MA Cast iron, steel Barre History Collection, #2014.60.1033 Apples have always been a core food product for Vermont, and many uses of apples require them to be peeled and cored. Introducing a mechanical device to the process speeds things up considerably, reducing the tedium of the task and preserving more of the apple’s flesh. There are dozens of potential variations on mechanical parers, including many homemade variations (see 1972.3.2 in this same exhibition), but this variation, patented by Horatio Keyes in 1856, introduced the idea of moving the paring arm around the apple via a geared turntable, a huge leap forward in speed and convenience.
Name/Title
Apple Peeler
Entry/Object ID
2014.60.1033
Description
Metal device known as an apple peeler or parer.

On one end, a vise with a wingnut screw holds the device to a flat surface such as a table or counter. On the side a wooden handle turns a large gear. That gear is connected via two more gears to a center column on a spring, with a horizontal blade at the end. It is also connected to a central shaft at the top of the parer with a three-pronged end.

On the base gear, from which the center column extends, is written “Patented – By H. Keyes June 17 & Dec. 16, 1856.”

When the handle is turned, it activates both the blade and the pronged end. An apple held on the pronged end would rotate around its core while the central blade would move to peel different parts of the apple on a cycle.
Context
Patented and produced by Horatio Keyes in Leominster, MA, 1856-1857.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2014.60
Source or Donor
Barre Historical Society, Inc.
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
Keyes, Horatio J. (1830-1904)
1856
Leominster
Lexicon
Peeler, Fruit,Peeler,Tool, Food Cutting,Food Preparation Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Ashtray
Name/Title
Ashtray
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.31a-e
Description
Ashtray in the shape of a birdbath. The base of the ashtray is turned wood in the shape of a stem glass or pedestal and is printed with the words, "Beach Have, N. J." A small, clear glass dish fits into the top of the base. Two blue-painted wooden birds sit on the edge of the base piece, attaching with small wooden dowels. The ashtray is in its original box, which is printed on the side with an image of a maple leaf and the label, "Newtco MAPLYNE". The top is printed in black with rectangles blocking the original red label, and the black words, "1 Pc. No. 948 BIRD BATH ASH TRAY".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Ashtray,Containers for Smoking & Tobacco,Household Accessories,Category 02: Furnishings
Materials
Wood, Glass, Cardboard
Ashtray
Name/Title
Ashtray
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.37ab
Description
Small ashtray consisting of a shallow glass dish set into a round wooden stand. The stand has spokes evenly placed around the edge to look like a ship's wheel. The stand is on three peg feet, turned in the same way as the spokes.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Ashtray,Containers for Smoking & Tobacco,Household Accessories,Category 02: Furnishings
Materials
Wood
Ashtray
Name/Title
Ashtray
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.36ab
Description
Small wooden ashtray with napkin holder. The ashtray is round with spokes to look like a ship's wheel. The center is hollowed out and a clear glass dish is placed inside. At the back is a raised semicircular portion with a slot cut across the center for holding napkins.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Ashtray,Containers for Smoking & Tobacco,Household Accessories,Category 02: Furnishings
Materials
Wood, Glass
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1d
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.36
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Awl,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Burlington
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1e
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.36
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Awl,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Burlington
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1f
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.36
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Awl,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Burlington
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1g
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.36
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Awl,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Burlington
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1h
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.36
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Awl,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Burlington
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1j
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and short metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.36
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Awl,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Burlington
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1k
Description
Awl with turned wooden handle and straight metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.36
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Awl,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Burlington
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1975.34a-e
Description
Set of five awls, each with turned wooden handle and slightly curved metal spikes.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1975.34
Source or Donor
Gallup, Ronald W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Awl,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood, Iron
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1982.15.1ab
Description
Harness maker's awl with a hollow, turned wood handle. The end of the handle unscrews and holds five interchangeable tips, one of which is a screwdriver.
Context
Used in Randolph, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.15
Source or Donor
LaBounta, Lewis J.
LaBounta, Eva M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Awl,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Randolph
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1982.15.2
Description
Short-spiked awl with turned own handle. The end of the handle is reinforced with a metal ring.
Context
Used in Randolph, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.15
Source or Donor
LaBounta, Lewis J.
LaBounta, Eva M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Awl,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Randolph
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1982.15.3
Description
Harness maker's awl with a turned wooden handle. The handle flares outward to the end and is molded with indent, creating a knob on the end. The tip is set almost perpendicularly into the handle, and the end is curved.
Context
Used in Randolph, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.15
Source or Donor
LaBounta, Lewis J.
LaBounta, Eva M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Awl,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Randolph
Awl Bits
Name/Title
Awl Bits
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1m
Description
Box contains seven Awl bits and 30 metal shoe pegs.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.36
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Awl, Leather,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Burlington
Ax
Name/Title
Ax
Entry/Object ID
1992.42
Description
Double-bitted axe with wooden handle. The blade is sharpened on both sides with the handle inserted in the center. The far end of the handle flares out.
Context
Made by the Rixford Company of East Highgate, Vermont. Owned by William Osgood of Shelburn, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1992.42
Source or Donor
Osgood, William
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Rixford's Scythes and Axes
East Highgate
Lexicon
Ax,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Shelburne
Balance
Name/Title
Balance
Entry/Object ID
2021.28.1
Description
Balance scale consisting of a horizontal bar balanced on two vertical supports. The base is shaped like an arrowhead. A round, wire holder hangs from a hook on one end of the bar. The center of the bar is marked with hash lines.
Context
Made by Fairbanks Scales in St. Johnsbury, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.28
Source or Donor
Kennedy, Peter
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
From the Collection of Edmund Kennedy, Jr.
Made or Created
Fairbanks Scales
1878
St. Johnsbury
Lexicon
Balance,Scale,Weights & Measures T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Materials
Metal
Bale Markers
Name/Title
Bale Markers
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.33a-y
Description
25 metal bale markers. The markers are small metal circles, each stamped with a number or initials.
Use
Used to mark freight during shipment on trains
Context
Marked with station codes of train stations within and surrounding Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Lexicon
Material, Worked,Bale,Containers,Category 10: Unclassifiable Objects,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Materials
Lead
Bale Seal
Name/Title
Bale Seal
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.11
Description
Round metal disk with the number 116 impressed in the center.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Seal,Personal Identification,Personal Symbols,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Ballpoint Pen
Name/Title
Ballpoint Pen
Entry/Object ID
2000.19.8
Description
Blue and white retractable ballpoint pen with white lettering that reads, "Trinity College of Vermont".
Context
Made for Trinity College of Vermont, a college in Burlington, Vermont, from 1925 to 2000.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2000.19
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Collected by Staff
Credit Line
collected by Paul Carnahan
Made or Created
2000
Lexicon
Pen, Ballpoint,Pen, Reservoir,Pen,Writing Devices,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic
Relationships
Trinity College of Vermont
Burlington
Bandbox
Name/Title
Bandbox
Entry/Object ID
1972.28.16ab
Description
Round box with removable lid. The box is covered in wallpaper printed with a blue and white floral border design. The center top of the lid has an oval 3/4-length portrait of a man wearing a suit. The interior of the lid is lined with a newspaper dated 1863.
Context
Owned by Melvina Angeline Smith Maxham in Middlesex, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.28
Source or Donor
Erickson, Dorothy Edith Maxham (1914-1980)
Birkett, Nellie Maxham (1909-2005)
Acquisition Method
Made or Created
1863
Lexicon
Hatbox,Bandbox,Box, Accessory,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cardboard, Paper
Relationships
Maxham, Melvina Angeline Smith (1839-1907)
Middlesex, Worcester
Bandbox
Name/Title
Bandbox
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.208a-b
Description
Oval bandbox covered in printed wallpaper. The wallpaper is printed with a maple leaf pattern in green, red, and orange.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1976.43
Source or Donor
Tarshi, Andrew
Tarshi, Susan
Gay, Olivia
Ancel, Janet
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Lexicon
Hatbox,Box, Accessory,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1983.12.1a-b
Description
Covered basket made in the Abenaki tradition. It has slightly flared sides and a deep lid. A row of cowis (3 dimensional woven curls) is around the bottom, and another double row about midway up the basket. The cover also has a double row of cowis. The basket has a solid ash handle, about 1/2" wide. The inside rim of basket shows a single row of purple dyed ash.
Context
Made by an unrecorded Abenaki artisan, and owned by Carroll White in South Walden, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
1983.12
Source or Donor
White, Elizabeth Sophia (1906-1991)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1865-1900
Walden
Ethnography
Northeast
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
White, Carroll Henry (1876-1934)
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.1
Description
Rectangular basket made from thin wooden splints. The basket is stamped around the top and bottom with a quatrefoil design, and one splint near the top is dyed blue.
Context
Made in Vernon, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Made or Created
1840
Vernon
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Materials
Wood
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.2
Description
Basket with a round top and square bottom. The basket is made from thin splints of wood in varying width, and the outside is decorated with woven loops, or cowis. It is signed in ink on the bottom, "Leland Krook/Sept 1903".
Context
Made by Leland Krook in Vermont in 1903.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Made or Created
Artist
Krook, Leland
Sep 1903
Essex Junction
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.3
Description
Round basket with deep, round cover. The basket is made from thin splints of wood in consistent widths with a row of woven loops, or cowis, decorating the center. The basket is dated in ink on the bottom, "June 1943".
Context
Made a member of the LaPan in Vermont in 1943.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Made or Created
Jun 1943
Vermont
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Basket, 1840-1860 Abenaki Cambridge, Vermont Ash Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman, #2017.3.4 Vermont Abenaki families from ancient Indigenous communities such as Missisquoi and Koas, as well as from smaller and more dispersed enclaves in the northeastern and southeastern parts of the state, were extremely important to early 19th century Vermont commerce and transportation. Travel in the summer on lakes and rivers took place in locally produced bark canoes, while winter journeys were often made on snowshoes while pulling bentwood toboggans built by Abenaki. Indigenous-made utilitarian and decorative ash splint baskets held everything from produce to bonnets and could be found for sale in many general stores.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.4
Description
Long, rectangular basket woven from thin wooden splints. The splints are narrow and the top and bottom of the basket, with two wide splits running along the center. The wide splints are painted with an alternating pattern of a green leaf and a pink and yellow arch.
Context
Made in Cambridge, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Made or Created
1840-1860
Cambridge
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Materials
Wood
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2004.18.1a-b
Description
Round basket and lid woven from split and plaited sweetgrass. The Lid is woven in alternating sections of black-dyed weavers and plaited sweetgrass with six splint loops at the center. The basket is made of black-dyed splint weavers at the bottom and plaited sweetgrass at the top.
Context
Owned by the Martin and Johnson families of Plainfield, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2004.18
Source or Donor
Dole, Robert
Dole, Sylvia Johnson (1940-2008)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Sweetgrass, Wood
Relationships
Dole, Sylvia Johnson (1940-2008)
Plainfield
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2004.18.2
Description
Round splint basket accented with sweetgrass. The basket has red and blue dyed weavers, worked in 1/3 and 2/3 of the way down the basket. There are two plaited handles on either side that are tied together with a piece of jute.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2004.18
Source or Donor
Dole, Robert
Dole, Sylvia Johnson (1940-2008)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dole, Sylvia Johnson (1940-2008)
Plainfield
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2013.4.3
Description
Ash splint basket decorated all over the exterior with red-dyed curl work. The top part of the basket is round, and it sits on a square base. The shoulder between the upper portion and the base is reinforced with the use of narrower weavers. The rim is lashed with 1/4"-wide splint. There is a penciled "X" at the center bottom and pencil lines radiating outward from the center to each of the four sides of the base.
Context
Attributed to Seymour L. Morehouse of Westford, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.4
Source or Donor
Buxton, J. Brooks
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Morehouse, Seymour Lamson (1822-1908)
Attribution
Attributed to
1895
Westford
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Splint
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2009.47
Description
Splint basket with rounded sides pulling in a bit at the top. The rim is two half round pieces of wood that sandwich the top of the stakes. It is lashed with 1/4" wide splint. There are two elongated metal "U" shaped pieces that are tightly lashed into the rim on opposite sides of the round top. The rounded bottoms stick up above the rim and lower legs fold over the bottom of the rim. The metal bail handle loops into the "U". The basket's ribs (20x2) are narrower at the bottom and top and wider in the middle giving the basket a round shape. Written in pencil on the bottom of the basket is the inscription "Seymour Lamson Morehouse / Westford Vermont / His Make"
Context
Made by Seymour Lamson Morehouse in Westford, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2009.47
Source or Donor
Anonymous
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Given in honor of Linus Leavens
Made or Created
Artist
Morehouse, Seymour Lamson (1822-1908)
1880-1900
Westford
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint, Metal
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1976.10.11
Description
Brown ash basket with attached cover and rigid upright handle.
Context
Owned by Ebenezer and Rozell Huntoon Peaslee, likely in New Hampshire
Acquisition
Accession Number
1976.10
Source or Donor
Henry, Stella Vitty (1888-1985)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
Peaslee, Rozill A. Huntoon (1819-1902), Peaslee, Ebenezer (1816-1859)
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1973.12.1
Description
Small, round basket made of brown ash splints with a wooden handle. The edge is reinforced with bent wood strips nailed on the interior and exterior. The outside of the rim and center bottom rib are marked "P-2-41 / 200" in pencil.
Context
Made by Bell Sweetser Perry of Waterbury, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1973.12
Source or Donor
Perry, Ida Belle Sweetser (1891-1985)
Made or Created
Artist
Perry, Ida Belle Sweetser (1891-1985)
1918
Waterbury
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
Stowe, Morrisville
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1973.12.2
Description
Half bushel basket made of brown ash splint. The basket has a wooden handle that can swivel on two u-shaped wooden pieces.
Use
Belle Sweetser used this basket for the "baby wash".
Context
Made by Sam Sweetser as a wedding gift to Belle Sweetser and Sam Perry in Waterbury, Vermont, 1909.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1973.12
Source or Donor
Perry, Ida Belle Sweetser (1891-1985)
Made or Created
Artist
Sweetser, Sam
1909
Waterbury
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
Perry, Ida Belle Sweetser (1891-1985)
Stowe
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.26.3
Description
Oval basket with cover. The cover is hinged with two small strips of willow. The basket sides and the center of the lid are decorated with woven loops, or cowis.
Context
Owned by Katie Allen Vail of Danby, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1975.26
Source or Donor
Carter, Ruth A.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1872
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Vail, Katie Allen
Danby
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.496
Description
Tall basket of woven birch bark. The base of the basket is square while the opening is round.
Context
Made by Anna Miettinen in Bethel, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1975.496
Source or Donor
Vermont Arts and Crafts Service (1941-1977)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Miettinen, Anna
1945
Bethel
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Birch
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1986.16.1a-b
Description
Splint basket with two handles and a cover. The basket flares out in the middle and again slightly at the top. It has a rectangular cover and base. The center line of the basket and the sides of the cover are decorated with woven loops or cowis. The two handles attach to large loops, allowing them to move. The interior is marked, "HGA" and "HG Allen".
Acquisition
Accession Number
1986.16
Source or Donor
Morrill, Brenda
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1982.5.1a-b
Description
Urn-shaped basket of woven brown ash split. The body of the basket is very narrow at the base, flaring outward dramatically to the top quarter, the curving back inward. The lid is a shallow round, significantly larger than the basket's opening. The rigid, stationery handle attaches to the basket at the widest point.
Context
Made by Newton Everett Washburn of Stowe, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.5
Source or Donor
Washburn, Newton Everett (1915-2011)
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
Artist
Washburn, Newton Everett (1915-2011)
1982
Stowe
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2014.31.1
Description
Rectangular basket with a solid wooden base and flaring sides. The sides are woven from round reeds and topped with a plait of reeds. The vertical ribs are inserted into holes drilled through the base. There is a paper label on the bottom of the basket that reads, "ARTICLE NO . . . . . From S. B. SMITH. Manufacturer of Reed AND Rattan Chairs, Montpelier, Vermont.
Context
Made by S. B. Smith in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2014.31
Source or Donor
Brown, Stephen D.
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
S. B. Smith
1890-1910
Montpelier
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Reed
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2014.31.2
Description
Rectangular basket with a solid wooden base and flaring sides. The sides are woven from round reeds and topped with a plait of reeds. The vertical ribs are inserted into holes drilled through the base.
Context
Made by S. B. Smith in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2014.31
Source or Donor
Brown, Stephen D.
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
S. B. Smith
1890-1900
Montpelier
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Reed, Wood
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Abenaki Basket, Early 20th Century Addison County Ash Museum Purchase, #1990.33.1 Abenakis lived in communities throughout Vermont with village centers at Swanton and Highgate. They continued to maintain cultural identity and tradition in the face of new history publications that falsely erased them from the historical record and programs such as the Eugenics Survey that sought to remove them physically from the general population. Abenaki people long participated in Vermont’s economy through the sale of goods and services. Some of the most iconic and recognizable goods included baskets, snowshoes, and canoes. The Sweetser family of Morrisville, with their unique baskets of a blended Abenaki and European design, went from local to national renown when wealthy tourists and collectors sought their products. The Obomsawin family, headed by patriarch Simon, made a name for themselves selling handcrafts to tourists visiting the exclusive Cedar Beach resort community on Lake Champlain. Abenaki throughout the region sold traditional goods and served as guides for fishermen and hunters in the Green and White Mountains, and Quebec. To externally express an “Indian” identity, some Abenaki adopted dress based on that of Western Indians as this imagery was most recognizable to non-Abenaki residents and visitors.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.1
Description
Abenaki-style basket with three rows of curls or cowis on the sides. The basket is formed into a square, with narrow weavers toward the base and three wide weavers forming the bulk of the sides. The top edge is reinforced with thicker splint. The cowis were red but are now faded on the exterior.
Context
Made by an unrecorded Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1990.33
Made or Created
Addison
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.2
Description
Round coiled basket made of pine needles. The basket is filled with miscellaneous material, included spools of thread, buttons, plastic charms, a pencil, paper hearts, a money clip, and metal Red Cross clip-on buttons.
Context
Made by an unidentified Abenaki craftsperson in Addison County, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1990.33
Made or Created
Addison County
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Raffia, Pine
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Abenaki Basket, Early 20th Century Addison County Sweetgrass Museum Purchase, #1990.33.3 Abenakis lived in communities throughout Vermont with village centers at Swanton and Highgate. They continued to maintain cultural identity and tradition in the face of new history publications that falsely erased them from the historical record and programs such as the Eugenics Survey that sought to remove them physically from the general population. Abenaki people long participated in Vermont’s economy through the sale of goods and services. Some of the most iconic and recognizable goods included baskets, snowshoes, and canoes. The Sweetser family of Morrisville, with their unique baskets of a blended Abenaki and European design, went from local to national renown when wealthy tourists and collectors sought their products. The Obomsawin family, headed by patriarch Simon, made a name for themselves selling handcrafts to tourists visiting the exclusive Cedar Beach resort community on Lake Champlain. Abenaki throughout the region sold traditional goods and served as guides for fishermen and hunters in the Green and White Mountains, and Quebec. To externally express an “Indian” identity, some Abenaki adopted dress based on that of Western Indians as this imagery was most recognizable to non-Abenaki residents and visitors.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.3a-b
Description
Square sweetgrass and splint basket. The splines and some weavers have been dyed red. Halfway up the sides of the basket are rows splint weavers creating a 3/4-inch stripe. The lid also has a 3/4"-inch stripe of red splint weavers across the center. The handle is braided sweetgrass that is anchored on both ends with loops of sweetgrass attaching back at the anchor. The edges are bound bundles of sweetgrass attached with a narrow red splint. The contents of basket include ribbon sewn into a pocket/sachet, embroidery floss, a lace medallion, a ring box, tissue paper, plastic, crocheted lace, ribbon and more.
Context
Made by an unrecorded Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1990.33
Made or Created
Addison
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Sweetgrass, Ash Splint
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Abenaki Basket, Early 20th Century Addison County Ash, sweetgrass Museum Purchase, #1990.33.4 Abenakis lived in communities throughout Vermont with village centers at Swanton and Highgate. They continued to maintain cultural identity and tradition in the face of new history publications that falsely erased them from the historical record and programs such as the Eugenics Survey that sought to remove them physically from the general population. Abenaki people long participated in Vermont’s economy through the sale of goods and services. Some of the most iconic and recognizable goods included baskets, snowshoes, and canoes. The Sweetser family of Morrisville, with their unique baskets of a blended Abenaki and European design, went from local to national renown when wealthy tourists and collectors sought their products. The Obomsawin family, headed by patriarch Simon, made a name for themselves selling handcrafts to tourists visiting the exclusive Cedar Beach resort community on Lake Champlain. Abenaki throughout the region sold traditional goods and served as guides for fishermen and hunters in the Green and White Mountains, and Quebec. To externally express an “Indian” identity, some Abenaki adopted dress based on that of Western Indians as this imagery was most recognizable to non-Abenaki residents and visitors.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.4a-b
Description
Small splint and sweetgrass basket. The sides of the basket are decorated with splint loops, or cowis. The splines were dark green (color visible on the bottom and interior) but have faded significantly. The round lid or cover is all sweetgrass woven through very narrow splint splines.

The basket was given with its contents, which include: hairpins, mother of pearl buttons, seashells, straight pins, a small button reading "The Kings Business", and other miscellania.
Context
Made by an unnamed Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1990.33
Made or Created
Addison
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Sweetgrass, Ash Splint
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Abenaki Basket, Early 20th Century Addison County Ash, sweetgrass Museum Purchase, #1990.33.5 Abenakis lived in communities throughout Vermont with village centers at Swanton and Highgate. They continued to maintain cultural identity and tradition in the face of new history publications that falsely erased them from the historical record and programs such as the Eugenics Survey that sought to remove them physically from the general population. Abenaki people long participated in Vermont’s economy through the sale of goods and services. Some of the most iconic and recognizable goods included baskets, snowshoes, and canoes. The Sweetser family of Morrisville, with their unique baskets of a blended Abenaki and European design, went from local to national renown when wealthy tourists and collectors sought their products. The Obomsawin family, headed by patriarch Simon, made a name for themselves selling handcrafts to tourists visiting the exclusive Cedar Beach resort community on Lake Champlain. Abenaki throughout the region sold traditional goods and served as guides for fishermen and hunters in the Green and White Mountains, and Quebec. To externally express an “Indian” identity, some Abenaki adopted dress based on that of Western Indians as this imagery was most recognizable to non-Abenaki residents and visitors.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.5a-b
Description
Small sweetgrass basket and cover. Both the round basket and round cover are sweetgrass woven around purple-dyed splints. An additional purple-dyed splint reinforces the basket's opening. The central loop of the lid was once purple, but has significantly faded.
Context
Made by an unnamed Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1990.33
Made or Created
Addison
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Sweetgrass, Ash Splint
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Gertrude Lepine of Morrisville recalled that her mother, Imelda lepine, traded a pair of mittens she knitted with Frank Sweetser for this basket. The Sweetser family of Waterbury was a prolific basket-making family. At least three generations of the family wove baskets during the winter and then sold them in and around Morristown, Stowe, and Waterbury. Oral and written history from the Sweetsers document that Gilman Sweetser was "part Indian" and he married Lydia Hall a Abenakis Indian. John Sweetser said that it was his grandfather Gilman, "that showed the whole of us how to make baskets." In addition to this basket VHS owns examples made by John Sweetser and by father and daughter, Samuel Sweetser and Belle Sweetser Perry, John's uncle and cousin.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2010.71
Description
Round basket with a square base and bale handle. The basket is woven with flat pieces of wood (splits) and has stripes in green and red. The rim around the top is nailed, as is the handle.
Context
Made by Frank Sweetser of Morrisville, VT in exchange for a pair of mittens made by Imelda Lepine.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2010.71
Source or Donor
Lepine, Gertrude
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Frank Sweetser
Made or Created
Sweetser, Frank R. (1888-1950)
1930-1950
Morrisville
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Lepine, Imelda R. (1899-1994), Sweetser, Frank R. (1888-1950)
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2011.16
Description
Large basket with Sweetser-style bottom. The basket is woven of wooden splints, and the top edge is reinforced with nailed-on splits at both the exterior and interior. There are two U-shaped handles on either side of the rim.
Context
Likely made by a member of the Sweetser family
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.16
Source or Donor
Blais, Celine M.
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
1920-1930
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Waterbury, Stowe
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1960.6.3
Description
Oval-shaped wicker basket. The basket is woven of groups of 7 wicker reeds held in a plain weave, giving a scalloped effect to the top edge.
Context
Used on Governor Samuel Craft's desk
Acquisition
Accession Number
1960.6
Source or Donor
Pratt, Carolyn A.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1828
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wicker
Relationships
Crafts, Samuel C. (1768-1853)
Craftsbury, Vermont State House
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.500
Description
Double-welled basket made of pine roots and branches. The basket has a stationary wooden handle across the top.
Context
Made by August Keen of Stowe, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1975.500
Source or Donor
Vermont Arts and Crafts Service (1941-1977)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Keen, August
1940
Stowe
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Pine
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2021.32.1a-b
Description
Large bushel basket with Sweetser-style bottom. The bottom is woven of wooden splints, and the top edge is reinforced with multiple splints wrapped with another narrow splint. Where the splint wrapping is missing, it has been replaced with wire. One of the U-shaped handles is no longer attached.
Context
Made by a member of the Sweetser family. Owned by a member of the Dopp family in South Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.32
Source or Donor
Dopp, Sarah L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Vermont
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
Related Place
South Burlington
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.501
Description
Round-bottomed basket made with pine roots and branches. There is a stationary wooden handle across the top.
Context
Made by August Keen of Stowe, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1975.501
Source or Donor
Vermont Arts and Crafts Service (1941-1977)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Keen, August
1945
Stowe
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Pine
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1965.24
Description
Round-bodied basket with moveable handle. The basket is formed with U-bent splines.
Context
Owned by Moses Vilas of Johnson, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.24
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1855
Johnson
Lexicon
Basket,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Vilas, Moses
Johnson
Bed Warmer
Name/Title
Bed Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1967.99
Description
Bed warmer, or free stone, made of a large, square piece of soapstone. A heavy-gauge wire is inserted into the sides and bent to form a handle.
Use
Bed warmers such as these would be heated on the stove, then wrapped in flannel and inserted between the sheets to warm up a bed.
Context
Used by the Karl E. Carter family in Corinth, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1967.99
Source or Donor
Carter, Karl E.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Karl E. Carter
Made or Created
1915
Lexicon
Warmer, Bed,Other Household Accessories,Household Accessories,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Soapstone, Metal, Metal
Relationships
Carter, Karl E.
Corinth
Bee Box
Name/Title
Bee Box
Entry/Object ID
1989.21.3
Description
Wooden box with a protruding upper handle. The front of the box has a round hole at the center top and a sliding panel with three finger indentations at the bottom. The left side has a small pull-out drawer with a round wooden knob. The drawer sits under the round hole. The inside of the top sliding panel is signed, "Geo. Pierce". The back of the box is inscribed with three circles.
Context
Made by George Pierce of Waitsfield, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1989.21
Source or Donor
Joslin, Ruth
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Waitsfield Historical Society
Made or Created
Artist
Pierce, George
1860-1960
Lexicon
Box, Bee,Tool, Beekeeping,Animal Care Equipment,Animal Husbandry T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Waitsfield
Beeswax
Name/Title
Beeswax
Entry/Object ID
1966.15.47
Description
Irregularly shaped lump of beeswax. The wax is incised in several places across the top from waxing thread.
Context
Used in Northfield, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1966.15
Source or Donor
Loomis, Henry
Loomis, Gladys
Acquisition Method
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Northfield
Bell
Name/Title
Bell
Entry/Object ID
1965.27
Description
Large bell held in a cast iron frame. The upper portion of the frame sits in to vertical posts, allowing the bell to be swung by pulling the large handle on the left side. It is molded with the inscription, "Manchester Locomotive". The whole is attached to a square pedestal with the label, "Bell from locomotive "Arthur Tandy", ca. 1890 Montpelier and Wells River Railroad.
Context
From a train on the Montpelier and Wells River Railroad in Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.27
Source or Donor
Leinwohl, Jane Barber
Barber, Caroline
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Made or Created
1890-1900
Lexicon
Bell,Device, Sound Signaling,Sound Communication Devices,Sound Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Block
Name/Title
Block
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.154
Description
Small rectangular block of light-colored wood with hole in one end, possibly for inserting a file point.; homemade; 3 ½" x ¾".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Blotter
Name/Title
Blotter
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.4
Description
Ink blotter in the shape of a medicine bottle. The blotter shows a green bottle filled with round tablets and a reproduction of the label on a bottle of Lactopeptine tablets. The face has several ink marks, including the word "Rugg" written across the center.
Context
Owned by Harold G. Rugg in Hartford, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
New York Pharmacal Association
20th Century
New York City
Lexicon
Blotter,Record, Bookkeeping,Financial Records,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Board Game
Name/Title
Board Game
Entry/Object ID
1995.4.2
Description
Benningtonopoly modeled after the Monopoly game. The set consists of a branded box, board, cards, fake money, and round plastic tokens. The game is set up like a traditional Monopoly game, with spaces around the edge of the board representing places in Bennington, Vermont.
Context
Produced as a souvenir for Bennington, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1995.4
Source or Donor
Dumville, John P. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1995
Bethel
Lexicon
Game, Board,Game,Game Equipment,Category 09: Recreational Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Bennington
Vermont Bicentennial
Bobbin
Name/Title
Bobbin
Entry/Object ID
2020.26.3
Description
Long black bobbin. The bobbin has a metal cap at the top and steps outward to form a cone at the bottom. There are small holes drilled throughout.
Context
Made by Burlington Bobbin Mill in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.26
Source or Donor
Dopp, Sarah L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Burlington Bobbin Mill
Burlington
Lexicon
Bobbin,Textile Manufacturing Equipment,Textileworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Bobbin
Name/Title
Bobbin
Entry/Object ID
2020.26.4
Description
Cylindrical green bobbin. The bobbin has a brass cap at the top and silver-toned metal base. There are ridges molded into the shaft of the bobbin every 3/4-inch.
Context
Made by Burlington Bobbin Mill in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.26
Source or Donor
Dopp, Sarah L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Burlington Bobbin Mill
Burlington
Lexicon
Bobbin,Textile Manufacturing Equipment,Textileworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Bolts
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Bolts
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.105a-f
Description
Three bolts and three wingnuts. The bolts have large, flat heads.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Bolt,Fastener,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Boot Stretcher
Name/Title
Boot Stretcher
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.4ab
Description
Two wooden boot stretchers. The stretchers consist of a piece of wood shaped into a curved L with notches at the heel.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.20
Source or Donor
Eddy, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Stretcher, Shoe,Clothing Care Objects,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Bottle
Name/Title
Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.121ab
Description
Turned wooden bottle with screw-on lid. The bottle is ink stained around the opening and on the inside of the lid.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Bottle, Ink,Container, Writing Equipment,Writing Accessories,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Bottle Cover
Name/Title
Bottle Cover
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.120
Description
Wooden bottle cover with glass bottle inside. The cover is turned with four beads around the top and bottom of the bottle. The glass bottle is held in the cover by a screw-on metal lid.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Cover, Drinking Vessel,Drinking Vessels,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Bottle Cover
Name/Title
Bottle Cover
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.122
Description
Wooden, jug-shaped bottle cover with a glass bottle inside. The bottle is held into the cover with a metal cap. The cover has a chip, which may be from a missing handle.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Cover, Drinking Vessel,Drinking Vessels,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Bottle Cover
Name/Title
Bottle Cover
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.123a-b
Description
Turned wooden bottle cover with clear glass bottle. The cover has straight sides that taper inward toward the top. The bottom is made from a separate piece that is slightly bulbous. The bottle has straight sides, and the top is molded for a screw-on cap.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Cover, Drinking Vessel,Drinking Vessels,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.30ab
Description
Wooden trinket box in the shape of a wheelbarrow or wagon. The box has two disk wheels and a peg stand. The side opposite the wheels has a horizontal handle spanning the width. The whole is painted red, and the lid is printed with the words, "Randolph, Vt."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Trinket,Box, Accessory,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Randolph
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.116ab
Description
Small rectangular box with a sliding lid and a stamp. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Packing,Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.117ab
Description
Small square box with a sliding lid and a stamp. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints. There is a small line carved into the end of the lid to grip while opening. There is a piece of paper inserted into the box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Packing,Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.99ab
Description
Cylindrical, turned wooden box. There is paper label on the top that reads, "AS A [illeg]OIST. NO. 104 USED FOR BICYCLES. NO. 25 TYING HORSES WHILE GROOMING."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1953.18.21a-b
Description
Square wallpaper-covered box. The wall paper is block-printed with red flowers with green foliage and blue-and-red scrolls. The edges of the box and the corners of the lid are edged with a strip of blue paper. The lid is labeled in pencil with "Mrs. Day", and the bottom of the box is labeled, "1938, about 80 years old made by Olive Hale Barton".
Context
Made by Olive Hale Barton of Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1953.18
Source or Donor
Harding, Ina Harris
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Barton, Olive Hale (1812-1872)
1860
Ludlow
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Paper
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2003.71a-b
Description
Wooden shipping crate. The crate is papered on all sides with decorative floral paper. One side has the label, "MANDARIN L/W FINEST HYSON NO 12 SEUQUA". The top has a small shipping label nailed to the center that reads, "FROM A. S. HYDE. DEALER IN W. I. GOODS AND CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES, TEAS. COFFEE. SPICES. Kerosene Oil and Burning Fluid. NO. 2 DARROW BLOCK, ST. ALBANS, VT." It is hand addressed to "A. Hyde Grinnell East Georgia, Vt."
Context
Shipped from A. S. Hyde of St. Albans, Vermont, to A. Hyde Grinnell of East Georgia, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2003.71
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Stone, Constance E. c/o Lynne Wing
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
A. S. Hyde, Grinnell, A. Hyde
St. Albans City, Georgia
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1957.25.58
Description
Small carved wooden box. The sides are carved with art nouveau daffodils over a roughly carved and burned ground. The center of the lid has a carved and painted green monogram of the initials HGR. The inside is decoratively burned into a basket weave patter.
Context
Owned by Harold Goddard Rugg in Harland, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1957.25
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Lexicon
Box, Trinket,Box, Accessory,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Hartland
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.100ab
Description
Cylindrical turned box with lid. The convex box has reeding around the top and base as well as a drilled hole in the lower half. The lid has the inked inscription "Duplicate of sample [illeg] for Vale Co." Inside the box is a paper note saying, "These were made June 4--1900/Both cover and mug [illeg]."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.32ab
Description
Wooden ring box in the shape of an apple. The box is painted red and the words, "Rutland, Vt." are printed on one side. The center of the lid has a brown wooden peg with green fabric leaves. A round, green cardboard tag is attached to the peg with a green string and is printed with the inscription, "A LOSER YOU WILL NEVER BE IF YOU PLACE YOUR RING INSIDE OF ME".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Jewelry,Box, Accessory,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.88ab
Description
Small round ring or pill box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Trinket,Box, Accessory,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1972.28.15
Description
Rectangular box decorated with a rococo floral design on the top and a print of a building on inside. Above the print are the initials, "L.A."
Context
Owned by Melvina Angeline Smith Maxham of Middlesex, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.28
Source or Donor
Erickson, Dorothy Edith Maxham (1914-1980)
Birkett, Nellie Maxham (1909-2005)
Acquisition Method
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cardboard, Paper
Relationships
Maxham, Melvina Angeline Smith (1839-1907)
Middlesex
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1972.28.17
Description
Paper covered box with a decorative advertisement for seeds on the lid. Both the box and lid are covered in pink, floral and star printed paper. The top of the lid has an applied advertisement showing a bundle of flowers and strawberries with the inscription, "Vick's Choice Seeds / James Vick, Rochester.
Context
Owned by Melvina Angeline Smith Maxham of Middlesex, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.28
Source or Donor
Erickson, Dorothy Edith Maxham (1914-1980)
Birkett, Nellie Maxham (1909-2005)
Acquisition Method
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cardboard, Paper
Relationships
Maxham, Melvina Angeline Smith (1839-1907)
Middlesex
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.119ab
Description
Small rectangular box with a sliding lid and a stamp. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints. One side of the box has a portion of a paper label that reads, "No. 30. RECTAL SUPPOSITORY".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Storage,Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1966.2.10a-b
Description
Rectangular, red-painted wooden box with loose lid and nailed corners. The lid lifts open with no hinges or closing mechanism, indicating the box may have been a shipping container rather than one meant to be regularly used. The top of the lid is framed with narrow, raised boards, though one side is now missing. One of the short ends is painted with either Chinese or Japanese characters running up the left side. A paper label on the same end bears the inked inscription, "HELEN TYLER/HER BOX./Daughter of Royall Tyler/and Laura Britton Keyes/his wife./Died September 18[49]50 aged 4/years."
Context
Used by Helen Tyler of Brattleboro, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1966.2
Source or Donor
Melville, Dorothy Sutherland
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1846-1850
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Tyler, Helen (1846-1850)
Brattleboro
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.89ab
Description
Cylindrical turned wood box with lid. The box opens near the halfway point.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Trinket,Box, Accessory,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.38ab
Description
Trinket box in the shape of a woman. The box is cylindrical. The lid is a dome topped with a simplistic figure made of turned pieces of wood: a vasiform peg form the body and head, and two drumstick-shaped pieces form the arms.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Trinket,Box, Accessory,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1986.7.1
Description
Long, rectangular wooden box with sliding lid and box-jointed corners. The lid bears two pasted-on paper labels: a large, white (now yellowed) label and a small red label. The large label is addressed by hand to "Hon. Chas. Dewey/Montpelier, Vermont" and is printed with the inscription, "BURLINGTON SHIRT CO.,/MANUFACTURERS OF/Shirts, Collars, Cuffs, and Underwear./CUSTOM WORK A SPECIALTY/Burlington . . . Vermont." The smaller label is printed with, "United States & Canada/EXPRESS/Burlington VT."
Use
Used to ship products to customers
Context
Used by Burlington Shirt Company in Burlington, VT to ship goods to Hon. Charles Dewey in Montpelier, VT.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1986.7
Source or Donor
Pepe, Faith L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Burlington Shirt Company
1910
Burlington
Lexicon
Box, Packing,Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dewey, Charles (1828-1905)
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.33ab
Description
Souvenir trinket box in the shape of a teapot. The box is painted white and the lid is painted red. The words, "Beach Haven, N. J.", are printed onto the side.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Trinket,Box, Accessory,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.90ab
Description
Small round ring or pill box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Trinket,Box, Accessory,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.91ab
Description
Small round ring or pill box. The top has a paper label that reads, "Composition Powders!" along with instructions and manufacturing information.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Pillbox,Case, Personal,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Montpelier
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.39ab
Description
Trinket box in the shape of a woman. The box is cylindrical. The lid is made of turned pieces of wood: a vasiform peg form the body and head, and two drumstick-shaped pieces form the arms.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Trinket,Box, Accessory,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.110
Description
Wooden box with finger jointed corners. All four corners, the top, and the bottom, are secured with very heavy glue.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.21
Description
Lens or filter box without lid. The case consists of a round disk covered on the exterior with black leather and lined with purple velvet.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Materials
Leather, Silk, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.40ab
Description
Small trinket box in the shape of a man wearing an overcoat. The box is the man's shoulders down, and the lid is the collar and head. There are two small pegs as arms, and he is wearing a hat.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Trinket,Box, Accessory,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.111
Description
Small wooden box constructed with finger joints and glue. The slide-in lid is missing. The long side of the box has a paper label printed with "ROBINSON'S/Sura-Cuva/FOR/RHEUMATISM/AND/NEURALGIA./A specific for disease arising from an impure and vitiaze state of the blood./Read full directions in Circular."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1947.6.8f
Description
Small rectangular shaped, grey colored box that reads, "Samuel Kidder & Co. Asthmatic Pastilles. Manufactured and Guaranteed by Samuel Kidder & Co. Incorporated Laboratories Established 1804 BOSTON, Mass. U.S.A. " The short sides of the box read, "Sixteen Asthmatic & Fumigating Pastilles"
Context
Owned by John Barrett of Grafton, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1947.6
Source or Donor
Barrett, Mary X.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Samuel Kidder & Company Incorporated Laboratories
19th Century
Boston
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Barrett, John (1776-1856)
Grafton
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.112a-c
Description
Small rectangular box with a sliding lid and a stamp. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints. There is a semi-circle carved into the outer end of the box lid to grip while sliding. A used 1-cent stamp printed with an image of Benjamin Franklin is in the box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Storage,Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.82
Description
Small round wooden box. The top has the inked inscription, "2d. T.B. Ass."
Use
Used to hold tuberculosis pills
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Pillbox,Case, Personal,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.113
Description
Tall-sided, long wooden box with glued corners
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.24.14ab
Description
Cream-colored box printed with the label, "Gray's Department Store Montpelier, Vt." in gothic script.
Context
Owned by William Vroman Mason of Waterbury, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.24
Source or Donor
Lindner, Brian
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Relationships
Mason, William Vroman (1906-1989), Gray's Department Store
Montpelier
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.114
Description
Wooden box with finger-jointed corners secured with glue.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.115ab
Description
Small rectangular box with a sliding lid. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints. The top of the lid has a paper sticker with the printed inscription, "A. D. BARTER P. O. BOX 185 TELEPHONE 918M 31 1/2 MERCHANTS ROW, RUTLAND, VT." and the penciled inscription, "E P Cushmom Middlebury Vt". There is a purple 3-cent stamp in the corner that is stamped with the words, "RUTLAND VT".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Packing,Box,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.84ab
Description
Small, turned wood box shaped like a barrel. The box opens at the halfway point.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Box, Pin,Box, Needlework,Container, Needlework,Needleworking Equipment,Textileworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Breaking Plow
Name/Title
Breaking Plow
Entry/Object ID
1929.8
Description
Plow consisting of a long horizontal beam attached to a vertical, curved piece of wood. The vertical piece is itself attached to a large, V-shaped blade that sits on the ground.
Context
Used by Clark Stowe in Weybridge, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1929.8
Source or Donor
Stowe, Nellie Grant
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1790-1810
Lexicon
Plow, Breaking,Plow, Moldboard,Plow,Cultivation Equipment,Agricultural T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Weybridge
Broadax
Interpretative Labels
Broad Ax, c. 1850 Consider Stebbins Bardwell (1807-1885) Pawlet, Vermont Steel, wood Gift of Dorothy Offensend, #1998.36.1 Consider Bardwell moved to Pawlet, Vermont from Massachusetts in 1842 to take possession of 34 acres of land along the Indian Brook. He made improvements to the property and water-power source to advance his edged-tool manufacturing business. Over time he added more properties to his holdings including a small slate quarry to produce roofing slate. Bardwell produced edged tools from about 1846 to 1867. In addition to owning a slate quarry, which he leased to a third-party operator, he also created the first cooperative creamery in Vermont. Established in 1864 and incorporated by the Vermont Legislature in 1865, the West Pawlet Dairy Association collected surplus milk from area farmers and manufactured butter and cheese for the open market. By the end of 1867 Bardwell stepped back from his various business ventures, ultimately selling his properties in 1869. He retired to a grand brick residence in Granville, New York where he lived until his death in 1885. The site of the creamery in Pawlet is now an award-winning, artisanal cheese facility named after Consider Bardwell.
Name/Title
Broadax
Entry/Object ID
1998.36.1
Description
Broadax with curved blade. The handle curves the same direction as the edge of the blade.
Context
Made by Consider Stebbins Bardwell in West Pawlet, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1998.36
Source or Donor
Offensend, Dorothy Rosalie Backus
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Bardwell, Consider Stebbins (1807-1885)
1850
Pawlet
Lexicon
Broadax,Ax,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Brush
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Brush
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.102
Description
Natural-bristled brush with wooden handle, most likely used to brush away debris. There is a small hole through the handle, midway up. The manufacturer's mark reads, "John L. Whiting & Son" on one side of the brush head, while the other reads, "2".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
John L. Whiting & Son
1890-1938
Lexicon
Brush,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Horsehair
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Brush
Name/Title
Brush
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.76
Description
Round brush with a turned wooden handle and white horsehair bristles. The short handle flares at the end, and has simple decorative molding near the bristles. The bristles are attached in small groups into several holes drilled into the handle.
Context
Made by Baker Brush Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1944-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Brush, Paint,Painting T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Bucket
Name/Title
Bucket
Entry/Object ID
2008.46
Description
Brown canvas basket. The basket is formed around a metal frame, with the top and bottom edges stitched around rings of metal. A hinged metal bar connects the rings outside the bucket, allowing it to collapse for storage. There is a handle made of metal wire with a turned wooden handle. The bucket is painted with the initials, "V.F.S".
Context
Used by an employee of the Vermont Forest Service
Acquisition
Accession Number
2008.46
Source or Donor
Meany, Ken
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1950
Lexicon
Bucket,Bucket, Sap,Vessel,Tool, Maple Sugaring,Food Processing Equipment,Containers,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Cotton, Wood
Relationships
Vermont Department of Agriculture
Montpelier
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.3
Description
4-cut bush hammer head. One side is stamped, "HB HB, IV", and the other stamped "HB HB 1891" and "4$". There are two metal bolts and nuts holding the individual pieces of the hammer head together. (Two are missing).
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzie in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.35
Source or Donor
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1930
Lexicon
Bushhammer,Hammer, Stone,Masonry & Stoneworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Barre City
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.4
Description
4-cut bush hammer head. The tool is stamped on one side with "1315 / 1903". It consists of a central holder with additional pieces of metal (teeth) inserted into the ends and secured with large bolts and nuts (three now missing).
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.35
Source or Donor
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1930
Lexicon
Bushhammer,Hammer, Stone,Masonry & Stoneworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Barre City
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.6
Description
Four- and six-cut bushhammer head. The tool consists of a central holder with sheets of metal inserted into the ends (four on one side, six on the other) and held in place with large nuts and bolts (three now missing).
Context
Used by Vincenter Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.35
Source or Donor
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1930
Lexicon
Bushhammer,Hammer, Stone,Masonry & Stoneworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Barre City
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.5
Description
6-cut bush hammer head with a remnant of the handle inserted. The tool consists of a central holder with sheets of metal inserted into the ends and secured with bolts and nuts (one now missing).
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.35
Source or Donor
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1930
Lexicon
Bushhammer,Hammer, Stone,Masonry & Stoneworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron, Wood
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Barre City
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.7
Description
10-cut bushhammer head. The tool consists of a central holder with sheets of metal inserted into the ends (10 each side) and held with large nuts and bolts.
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.35
Source or Donor
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1930
Lexicon
Bushhammer,Hammer, Stone,Masonry & Stoneworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Barre City
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1983.23.1
Description
Four-cut bushhammer with wooden handle marked "J AHERN/MAKER/BARRE, VT./6 4/HE RUSS." The numbers 1-4 are also stamped onto the head, and "H E Russ" is stamped on it in 3 places.
Context
Made by James E. Ahern in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1983.23
Source or Donor
J. P. Bittner Tool Auctions
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
Ahern, James E. (1859-1918)
1900
Barre City
Lexicon
Bushhammer,Hammer, Stone,Masonry & Stoneworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Russ, Henry E. (1857-1938)
Butter Churn
Interpretative Labels
Butter "Swing" Churn, 1877-1900 Vermont Farm Machinery Company (1871-1921) Bellows Falls, VT Wood Gift of Kathryn O. Jorgensen, #2012.42 The Vermont Farm Machinery Company, based in Bellows Falls, patented this "swing" churn in the 1870s and manufactured it for a number of years after that. Butter is the consolidation of the fat solids contained in milk; farmers would skim the cream from jars of milk as a first step, and then pour the cream into a churn, which would agitate the cream and encourage the fat solids to clump together. On a small scale, this can be done by hand, but in order to produce butter in bulk, some kind of mechanization is necessary. The Davis Swing Churn appeared in a number of sizes, holding between 4 and 50 gallons of cream, depending on the model number. This Model No. 5 could hold 13 gallons of cream. (The Model 9, which held 50 gallons of cream, no longer fit on a frame, and had to be suspended from a ceiling.) The company claimed that the gentle swinging action of the churn did not "injure" the butter.
Name/Title
Butter Churn
Entry/Object ID
2012.42a-b
Description
Yellow swing churn, bearing the stenciled label, "Davis Swing Churn/No. 5/Pat'd./Manufactured by/Vermont Farm Machine Co/Bellows Falls VT" in black paint on both long sides. The sides are further decorated with stenciled black decorative borders. There are two turned wooden handles across the top on either end, and metal brackets in the equivalent location on the bottom to attach the church to a wooden frame (now missing). The top of the churn has a door with a clear glass pane to view the contents. The churn has a 13 gallon capacity.
Use
Swung or rocked on a wooden frame to make butter.
Context
Manufactured by Vermont Farm Machine Company in Bellows Falls, VT.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.42
Source or Donor
Jorgensen, Kathryn O.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Vermont Farm Machinery Company (1871-1921)
1877-1900
Bellows Falls
Lexicon
Churn,Tool, Dairy,Food Processing Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood, Paint, Iron, Glass
Butter Dome
Name/Title
Butter Dome
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.105
Description
Turned wooden bowl a hole drilled in the center.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1876
Brandon
Lexicon
Mold, Butter,Mold, Food,Shaper, Food,Food Preparation Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Butter Paddle
Name/Title
Butter Paddle
Entry/Object ID
1973.1.38
Description
Wooden butter paddle. The paddle is made from a single, flat piece of wood shaped into a shovel.
Use
Used to work and press water out of butter.
Context
Likely used in Windsor, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1973.1
Source or Donor
Henry, Stella Vitty (1888-1985)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Paddle, Butter,Tool, Dairy,Food Processing Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Cake Box
Name/Title
Cake Box
Entry/Object ID
2004.58.46ab
Description
Round metal case or cover with round metal base. The cover has a yellow top and the sides are printed with a red, green, and yellow plaid design accented with a sprig of flowers that includes a rose, daisy, carnation, and three sprigs of wheat. There is a wire handle at the center top. The base is enameled white and has a raised center that the lid fits down over. The cover and base do not secure together. The center of the base has lost its enamel from cutting cakes while directly on the base.
Use
Used to store cakes
Context
Owned by Beatrice J. Wood of South Royalton, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2004.58
Source or Donor
Rogers, Anita W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Anita and Gary Rogers
Made or Created
1940
Lexicon
Stand, Cake,Box, Cake,Stand, Serving,Box, Food Storage,Serving Vessels,Food Storage Equipment,Food Service T&E,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Wood, Beatrice Jones (1919-2004)
South Royalton
Caliper
Interpretative Labels
Calipers, circa 1903 Angelo Petere Ambrosini (1880-1932) Northfield, Vermont Wood and Iron Gift of Homer P. Fuller, #2004.1.1 In 1903 Angelo Peter Ambrosini, a recent Italian immigrant, was working in Northfield for the Ellis Granite Company when it received the contract to provide the stonework for Union Station in Washington, D.C. Due to his talent he was selected to help carve the six eighteen-foot-high allegorical figures that grace the front of the station. Supervised by the eminent sculptor Augustus St. Gaudens, the project took three years to complete. These calipers were made and used by Ambrosini.
Name/Title
Caliper
Entry/Object ID
2004.1.1
Description
Large metal calipers consisting of a metal board with two curved and metals pointed attachments. The attachments are secured with bolts loosely enough to be adjustable.
Context
Made by Angelo Ambrosini, Sr., in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2004.1
Source or Donor
Fuller, Homer P.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Ambrosini, Angelo P. (1880-1932)
Barre City
Ethnography
Italian American
Lexicon
Caliper,Weights & Measures T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Ambrosini, Angelo P. (1880-1932)
Barre City
Caliper
Name/Title
Caliper
Entry/Object ID
2004.1.2
Description
Large metal calipers consisting of a metal board with two curved and metals pointed attachments at either end. The attachments are secured with bolts loosely enough to be adjustable.
Context
Made by Angelo Ambrosini, Sr., in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2004.1
Source or Donor
Fuller, Homer P.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Ambrosini, Angelo P. (1880-1932)
Barre City
Ethnography
Italian American
Lexicon
Caliper,Weights & Measures T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Caliper
Name/Title
Caliper
Entry/Object ID
2004.1.3
Description
Large metal calipers consisting of a metal board with two curved and metals pointed attachments at either end. The attachments are secured with bolts loosely enough to be adjustable.
Context
Made by Angelo Ambrosini, Sr., in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2004.1
Source or Donor
Fuller, Homer P.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Ambrosini, Angelo P. (1880-1932)
Barre City
Ethnography
Italian American
Lexicon
Caliper,Weights & Measures T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Camera
Name/Title
Camera
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.2ab
Description
Glass plate camera that folds into a box. When folded, the camera resembles a small carrying case, completely covered in highly textured leather with a short carrying strap on the top. The back side (b) detaches at both the top and the bottom with metal protrusions that slide into clasps. Additionally, a hinged door is placed in the center of the back piece allowing access to the glass plate. The front opens by pressing two concealed buttons at the top of the case. Once open, the lens and its attached purple leather bellows can be slid onto an extendable wooden track. A marker on the proper left indicates the focal distance, and there is a level on the proper right. A perioscopal viewfinder sits to the proper left of the lens, and a wider viewfinders sits on top of the case. A small plaque under the lens bears in the inscription, "TELE-PHOTO CYCLE-POCO C/ROCHESTER OPTICAL & CAMERA CO."
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1890-1915
Rochester
Lexicon
Camera, Folding,Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Glass, Brass, Cardboard, Metal, Wood
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Camera
Name/Title
Camera
Entry/Object ID
2009.51.1a-e
Description
Glass plate camera that folds into a box. When folded, the camera slides into a small carrying case. The back side detaches at both the top and the bottom with metal protrusions that slide into clasps. Additionally, a hinged door is placed in the center of the back piece allowing access to the glass plate. Once open, the lens and its attached leather bellows can be slid onto an extendable wooden track. A small plaque under the lens bears in the inscription, "IMPROVED EMPIRE STATE MANUFACTURED BY ROCHESTER OPTICAL CO. Rochester, N.Y."
Context
Used by Harry L. Chapman of Windham, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2009.51
Source or Donor
Wildt, Roger H.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1896-1905
Rochester
Lexicon
Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall (extended)
Materials
Mahogany, Wood, Leather, Fabric, Brass, Glass
Relationships
Chapman, Harry L. (1875-1967)
Windham
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.5a-i
Description
"Morrison Vignetter" camera accessory set consisting of a two-part mount, four vignetting cards, a box, and instructions.

The box (ab) is made of cardboard and covered in lime-green semi-gloss paper. The label on the lid has a vignetted portrait of a child on the proper right, and an illustration of the vignetter attached to the lens of a King Poco model camera on the proper left. Beneath the images is the inscription, "MORRISON VIGNETTER/BURKE & JAMES, Chicago".

The four vignetters (c-f) are cardboard pieces: two in black and two in white (one now grey). The boards are straight on the bottom, but the top curves up to create the vignette shape. Two of the boards have a sawtooth edge on the top, and the other two have less pronounced nicked edge on the top. Each board shows evidence of being slid into the metal mounts for use, but the pieces with the less-pronounced edges appear to have been more heavily used.

The boards mount in front of the camera's lens with two pieces of metal (h,i). Both pieces are made from flat metal strips. The piece that connects to the lens consists of a strip bent into a circle to which an L-bent strip is attached. The other piece is bent into a narrow U-shape on one end (for attaching the vignetting board) and a wider U on the other side that can be tightened with a bolt. The two attach by sliding the flat edge of the lens side into the clamp at the wide-U side of the other piece and tightening the connection with the bolt.

The instructions are in a bi-fold with example images on the front page and detailed steps on the inside.
Use
Mounted in front a camera lens to vignette the bottom edge of portraits
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Burke & James
1899-1903
Chicago
Lexicon
Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cardboard, Metal, Paper
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.6a-d
Description
Yellow camera filter consisting of two panes of glass permanently attached together, along with a carrying case and paper care instructions. The edges of the filter (a) are sealed with a glossy black medium. A small paper label reading "Wratten K3 Filter" was applied to one side, but is now loose within the case (b). The case consists of a narrow cardboard sleeve and lid covered in leather. The face of the case's body bears the gold inscription, "WRATTEN K FILTER/MADE BY/EASTMAN KODAK CO./ROCHESTER, N.Y./TRAD MARKS REG. U. S. PAT. OFF." The reverse bears a gold sticker with several black stamps that read, "K1", "2104", "2", and "80".
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance images
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1912-1915
Rochester
Lexicon
Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Materials
Glass, Paper, Cardboard, Leather
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.7a-d
Description
Three yellow camera filters and a Morrocan leather case. The filters consist of two panes of glass adheared together. A glossy black film was painted around the edges of the filters, but it only completely remains on one. The same filter with the frame retains a paper label along its narrow edge reading, "Wrateen [sic] K1 Filter". Four other paper labels are loose in the container and bear the inscriptions "Wratten K2 Filter", "Wratten K1 1/2 Filter", "Wratten No. 7 Filter", and "Wratten No. 6 Filter".

The case opens at the top with two hinges on the reverse. When closed, it is secured by a hidden latch at the front that is release by pressing the hidding button. The top of the case bears the gold inscription, "WRATTEN FILTERS/MANUFACTURED BY/EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY./ROCHESTER, N. Y./TRADE MARKS REG. U.S. PAT. OFF." The inside of the case is lined in purple velvet with two molded protusions on other side to separate the filters from each other. The lid is lined in red satin-woven silk.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance images
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1912-1915
Rochester
Lexicon
Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Leather, Silk, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.8
Description
Two panes of orange glass adhered together. A glossy black substance was applied around the edges creating a frame, which is now mostly gone.
Use
Placed over the lens of a glass-plate camera to enhance the image
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1912-1915
Rochester
Lexicon
Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.10ab
Description
Circular yellow filter with green leather case. The filter consists of a round pieces of yellow glass set into a copper frame. The back is finished with a glossy black substance. Three indentations are placed equidistant around the frame to secure the filter onto a camera lens.

The case opens with two metal hinges at the back. The top is slightly raised, and bears the white printed inscription, "Cramer's/Precision/Color Filters/St. Louis U.S.A." The interior is lined in blue satin (upper) and purple velvet (lower). The base of the interior is molded to fit the filter.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance the image
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
G. Cramer Dry Plate Company
1909
St. Louis
Lexicon
Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Copper, Leather, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.13ab
Description
Circular clear filter with double case. The filter consists of a flat, circular piece of glass contained within a black metal frame. The frame extends to the rear and is tabbed to attach onto a circular lens. The rectangular case is covered in red Morocccan leather. The top has the gold inscription, "THE ISOSTIGMAR LENS/WILLIAMS, BROWN & EARLE,/PHILADELPHIA/AMERICAN AGENTS:". The interior of the case is lined in blue velvet, and the base is molded to fit the filter and one other identically shaped and sized object.

Note: the filter is not an isostigmar lens.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance the image
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1907-1915
Philadelphia
Lexicon
Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Metal, Cardboard, Leather, Silk
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.14a-c
Description
Circular half-tone filter with box and lid. The filter consists of a flat, circular piece of glass that is transparent yellow on the upper 2/3 and clear on the remaining 1/3. The glass is set into a silver-toned metal frames with three rubber-coated tabs placed equidistant around the edge for securing to a lens. The inscription "ROYAL FOREGROUND RAY SCREEN/PATENTED/GEORGE MURPHY INC NEW YORK" impressed on the side of the fram. The top is indicated with the impressed inscription, "TOP". The case consists of a round body and round lid, each covered in red Moroccan leather. The bottom is lined in purple velvet whill the lid is lined in black leather.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens for landscape photography to ensure even lighting of both the foreground and the sky
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
George Murphy, Inc.
1890-1915
New York City
Lexicon
Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Metal, Leather, Cardboard, Silk
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.15a-e
Description
Foreground ray screen filter with case and lid, box and lid, and sales paper. The filter consists of two flat, circular pieces of glass sandwiching a tinted adhesive that has dried and cracked. (See 2020.4.14a for original appearance.) The glass is set into a silver-toned metal frame with three tabs placed equidistant around the edge for securing to a lens. The inscription "ROYAL FOREGROUND RAY SCREEN. PAT, AP'D FOR/GEORGE MURPHY INC NEW YORK" impressed on the side of the frame. The top is indicated with the impressed inscription, "-TOP".

The case consists of a round body and round lid, each covered in red Moroccan leather. The bottom is lined in purple velvet while the lid is lined in black leather. The box consists of a box covered in burgundy paper that slides into a cover wrapped in white paper. The sides of the cover bear the inscription, "ROYAL/Foreground Ray Screen/no. 4 1 1/2 in." The top of the cover bears the inscription "No. 4 1 1/2 in./ROYAL/Foreground Ray Screen/GEROGE MURPHY, INC./New York" with an illustration of the monogram GM.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens for landscape photography to ensure even lighting of both the foreground and the sky
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
George Murphy, Inc.
1890-1915
New York City
Lexicon
Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Metal, Cardboard, Leather, Silk, Paper
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.16a-c
Description
Portrait lens attachment and case. The lens consists of a circular piece of glass set within a black metal frame. the frame extends beyond the glass at both the front and the back. The back extension is cut into tabs in order to secure onto a camera lens. The metal case consists of a circular base and lid. The lid bears the label, "KODAK/PORTRAIT ATTACHMENT/8-A/Eastman Kodak Co./Rochester, N.Y. Made in U.S.A./TRADE MARK REG. U.S. PAT. OFF." The interior of the case is printed with a focus guide giving the focal length at which to set the camera with the lens on (i.e. "focus at 5' to work at 2'-4'")
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance portraits
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
Rochester
Lexicon
Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.17a-c
Description
Metal duplicator filter and case. The duplicator filter was used to expose only a portion of a glass plate to allow for double exposure "duplication" tricks. The filter consists of a metal cap that fits over a camera lens with a semi-circular cut out taking about 3/8 of the total surface. The front of the filter bears the inscriptions "THE IDEAL DUPLICATOR" and "BURKE & JAMES. CHICAGO". The case consists of a box that slides into a lid. Both are covered in red Morrocan leather, and the top bears the silver inscription "THE IDEAL/DUPLICATOR/No. 2/BURKE & JAMES,/CHICAGO."
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to create image with partial double exposure effects
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Burke & James
1897-1915
Chicago
Lexicon
Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Cardboard, Leather
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.23
Description
Metal vingette framing filter consisting of a metal box frame with a circular opening in the center. Within the opening is a wooden frame with a diamond-shaped opening and four strips of curved metal attached to the outside.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to add a vignette effect to the images
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.11ab
Description
Circular yellow filter with green leather case. The filter consists of a round pieces of yellow glass set into a copper frame. The back is finished with a glossy black substance. Three indentations are placed equidistant around the frame to secure the filter onto a camera lens.
The case opens with two metal hinges at the back. The top is slightly raised, and bears the white printed inscription, "Cramer's/Precision/Color Filters/St. Louis U.S.A." The interior is lined in blue satin (upper) and purple velvet (lower). The base of the interior is molded to fit the filter.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance the image
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
G. Cramer Dry Plate Company
1909
St. Louis
Lexicon
Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Copper, Leather, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.12ab
Description
Circular yellow filter with green leather case. The filter consists of a round pieces of yellow glass set into a copper frame. The back is finished with a glossy black substance. Three indentations are placed equidistant around the frame to secure the filter onto a camera lens.

The case opens with two metal hinges at the back. The top is slightly raised, and bears the white printed inscription, "Cramer's/Precision/Color Filters/St. Louis U.S.A." The interior is lined in blue satin (upper) and purple velvet (lower). The base of the interior is molded to fit the filter.
Use
Placed over a camera lens to enhance the image
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
G. Cramer Dry Plate Company
1909
St. Louis
Lexicon
Filter, Color Correcting,Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Copper, Leather, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Camera Filter Holder
Name/Title
Camera Filter Holder
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.9a-c
Description
Metal bracket for holding a filter up to the lens of a camera, together with box and lid. The box is covered in glossy white paper, and a label on the top reads, "ADJUSTABLE FILTER HOLDER/For 2 inch square/Wratten Filters/EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY,/ROCHESTER, N.Y./Trade MArks Reg. U.S. Pat. Off./K P 4418 102."

The filter holder is a black metal square with a circular hole in the center. Within the hole is a thin black strip of metal attached to a bolt that can be adjusted to tighten around the lens of the camera. The left and right edges of the square fold back to allow the glass filter to slide inside. An impressed inscription around the circle reads, "MADE BY EASTMAN KODAK CO. ROCHESTER. N.Y. U.S.A. PAT. JUNE 5. 1917." and another beneath the circle reads, "1 1/8" TO 1 9/16"".
Use
Used to hold glass filters in front of a camera lens to enhance images
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1917
Rochester
Lexicon
Filter, Camera,Camera Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Can Opener
Name/Title
Can Opener
Entry/Object ID
1984.23.1
Description
Metal can opener with wooden handle and crank. The top is stamped with the label, "Edlund / No. 5 Junior". The blade or knife, now missing, sits in the open slot next to the wheel, with the blade sitting perpendicular the wheel.
Context
Made by the Edlund Company in Burlington, Vermont. Used by Philip Elwert in Montpelier, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1984.23
Source or Donor
Elwert, Philip F. (1949-1988)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Edlund Company
1965
Burlington
Lexicon
Opener, Can,Opener, Food Container,Food Preparation Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Elwert, Philip F. (1949-1988)
Montpelier
Candle Box
Name/Title
Candle Box
Entry/Object ID
1973.1.37ab
Description
Long, rectangular wooden box. The box has a wooden lid that slides into a rabbit at the top of the box. There is a semi-circular indentation on one end of the lid to grip.
Context
Likely used in Windsor, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1973.1
Source or Donor
Henry, Stella Vitty (1888-1985)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Box, Candle,Box, Household,Storage & Display Accessories,Household Accessories,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Windsor
Candle Mold
Name/Title
Candle Mold
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.16
Description
Metal mold shaped into six tapers. Each taper has a distinct, pointed tip. The wide ends are connected to a rectangular sheet of metal with curled-up edges.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1953.40
Source or Donor
Harding, Ina Harris
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Mold, Candle,Mold,Glass, Plastics & Clayworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Ludlow
Candlesnuffer Tray
Name/Title
Candlesnuffer Tray
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.12b
Description
Small black toleware tray. The tray is mostly rectangular, with rounded corners. The long sides are concave. The border of the tray flares upward, and the edges of the center are decorated with a thin line of gold paint.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1953.40
Source or Donor
Harding, Ina Harris
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Tray, Candlesnuffer,Tray, Household,Storage & Display Accessories,Household Accessories,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Ludlow
Case
Name/Title
Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.1
Description
This black leather camera case has two interior compartments for storing a camera and 6 glass negative plates. The case has both a long strap, connecting with metal latches onto the sides, and a permanently attached short strap, connecting to the top. The top secures with two metal latches. The inside is lined in plain woven cotton over cardboard.
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Case,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Metal, Cardboard, Cotton
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Case
Name/Title
Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.4ab
Description
Tan leather rectangular camera case with two interior compartments for storing a camera and 6 glass plate negatives. The case has a short, leather handle at the top and two metal figure-8 attachments for a removable shoulder strap (no longer present). The case opens at the top and is secured at the center front with a metal clasp. The inside of the top piece bears the gold inscription, "Tele-Photo-Poco/G/Rochester Optical & Camera Co./Rochester, N.Y." The interior is lined in cotton.
B is a fragment, likely from the shoulder strap.
Use
Used to hold a glass plate negative camera and accessories
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1890-1915
Rochester
Lexicon
Case,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Materials
Leather, Metal, Cotton
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Case
Name/Title
Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.20
Description
Double-capacity camera filter case (empty). The case consists of a leather rectangular body with an evelope closure. The closure is secured with a metal snap. The interior is divided into two compartments and lined in purple velvet.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Case,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Cardboard, Silk, Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Casting Mold
Name/Title
Casting Mold
Entry/Object ID
1992.26.1
Description
Mold form with six armed spokes looking somewhat like a wagon wheel without the wheel. At the end of each spoke is a 7" piece, perpendicular to the spoke. Each has 5 "pegs." Presumably these pegs fit into another piece we don't have. The 7" piece is "sliced" in two. Three of the spokes are missing half of the piece. One spoke has a half broken end piece. The 3 spokes that have both pieces of the end have been tied together with twine. The twine is "old."
dark brown
Context
Used at the Lane Shops in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1992.26
Source or Donor
Gilbertson, Eric
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Lane Manufacturing Co.
Montpelier
Lexicon
Mold, Casting,Metalworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Casting Mold
Name/Title
Casting Mold
Entry/Object ID
1992.26.2
Description
Mold from with six armed spokes looking somewhat like a wagon wheel without the wheel. At the end of each spoke is an 8 1/4" piece, perpendicular to the spoke. Each has 5 "pegs." Presumably these pegs fit into another piece we don't have. Each 8 1/4" piece is sliced in half. Three of the spokes are missing half of the piece. The 3 spokes with both halves are tied together with "old" twine.
Context
Used at the Lane Shops in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1992.26
Source or Donor
Gilbertson, Eric
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Lane Manufacturing Co.
Montpelier
Lexicon
Mold, Casting,Metalworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Catheter
Name/Title
Catheter
Entry/Object ID
1960.191.3
Description
Long metal tube. Half the tube is straight, and the other half of the tube curves until the end is perpendicular to the first half. The straight end has a wire loop, likely for hanging. The curved end has five holes drilled into it.
Context
Used by Dr. Amori Benson of Landgrove, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1960.191
Source or Donor
Dutelle, Ruth Leona Bennett (1890-1971)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Catheter,Tube, Medical,Medical Instruments,Medical & Psychological T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Benson, Amori (1799-1876)
Landgrove
Cheese Box
Name/Title
Cheese Box
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.17a
Description
Large, round wooden box. The sides are formed from a thin strip of wood, nailed together at the seam with small nails.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1953.40
Source or Donor
Harding, Ina Harris
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Box, Cheese,Box,Box, Food Storage,Food Storage Equipment,Containers,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Ludlow
Cheese Box
Name/Title
Cheese Box
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.1b
Description
Large, round cheese boxes. The boxes are made of bentwood steamed around a flat, circular base.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.20
Source or Donor
Eddy, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Box, Cheese,Box, Food Storage,Food Storage Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Chisel
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Chisel
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.119
Description
Chisel tip with a square top that tapers into a straight tip.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Chisel, Carving,Chisel, Woodworking,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Chisel
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Chisel
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.117
Description
Chisel with round, flat top that shows evidence of use. The tips has a triangular shape that tapers to a straight tip. It has markings like a file.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Chisel, Carving,Chisel, Woodworking,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Chisel
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Chisel
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.118
Description
Metal chisel with a triangular shape that tapers into a slightly curved tip. It has markings like a file.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Chisel, Carving,Chisel, Woodworking,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Clamp
Name/Title
Clamp
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.152
Description
Clamp, or cramp, appears to be steel; jaws attached to a rod with a bend at one end; jaws tighten by turning a screw, spring inside jaws tightens; no manufacturer's mark; length = 4 5/8".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Clamp,Mechanical Devices,Mechanical T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Clothes Hanger
Name/Title
Clothes Hanger
Entry/Object ID
2003.16.108
Description
Clothes hanger consisting of a central wire hook and wooden crossbar. The wooden bar is wrapped in black cotton printed with pink and red roses with green leaves. There is a green ribbon at the center.
Context
Owned by Jean Louise Gooddall Balham of Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2003.16
Source or Donor
Balham, Jean Louise Goodall (1925-2016)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1950
Lexicon
Hanger, Clothes,Clothing Care Objects,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood, Cotton
Relationships
Balham, Jean Louise Goodall (1925-2016)
Montpelier
Clothespins
Name/Title
Clothespins
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.137a-h
Description
Eight peg-style clothespins. The pins are each partially split down the center with a round wooden bead at the top.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1920-1930
Brandon
Lexicon
Clothespin,Laundry Equipment,Maintenance T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Compass
Name/Title
Compass
Entry/Object ID
1889.1
Description
Pocket compass set into a small wooden oval with a round metal cover. The cover is engraved with the inscription, "Reuben Nash/Benson, Vt./1786", and the top of a fleur-de-lis. The first E in Reuben is floating above the the rest of the word. It opens by folding down on simple hinges formed by two wire loops. The compass itself consists of a small metal rod attached to a brass post at the center. Beneath the rod is a printed engraving of a compass rose with Prince of Wales feathers (or a small fleur-de-lis) marking the North point. The other three directions (East, South, and West) are unmarked, but the quarters are marked with initials (NE, SE, SW, NW). A printed sticker is attached to the back that reads, "Pocket Compass used by Reuben Nash, in 1786 [illegible--covered by another sticker] Presented by his gran[illeg--covered by another sticker] Henry Howard Nash, Chicago, Illinois, To the Vermont Historical Society. 1889."
Context
Owned by Reuben Nash, one of the earliest settlers of Benson, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1889.1
Source or Donor
Nash, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1786
Lexicon
Compass,Navigational Equipment,Surveying & Navigational T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Materials
Wood, Metal, Paper
Relationships
Nash, Reuben (1768-1846)
Benson
Compass
Name/Title
Compass
Entry/Object ID
1894.3
Description
Rectangular wooden compass. The wooden case has a rectangular window in the face with inset glass through which a metal rod can be seen. A corresponding degree chart is etched in a semicircle on the the face of the case. One side has a brass knob handle for opening. The reverse an applied wooden bar with a hole drilled into the center for mounting the compass onto a stand.
Context
Used by John Smith, one of the early residents of Brookfield, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1894.3
Source or Donor
Smith, Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1779
Lexicon
Compass,Navigational Equipment,Surveying & Navigational T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Smith, John (1782-1863)
Brookfield
Cowbell
Name/Title
Cowbell
Entry/Object ID
1942.14.2
Description
Large rectangular bell with a U-shaped handle at the top. The bell is formed from a flat piece of metal bent to shape and riveted together on the sides.
Context
Brought to America by Scottish immigrant John Bean.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1942.14
Source or Donor
Bean, Leonard I.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1657
Scotland
Lexicon
Cowbell,Bell, Animal,Animal Care Equipment,Animal Husbandry T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Bean, John
Cradle Scythe
Name/Title
Cradle Scythe
Entry/Object ID
1994.24
Description
Wooden cradle scythe with metal blade. The handle is made of a tree branch. The scythe blade attaches to the end of the handle. There is a post attached perpendicular to the very end of the handle below the blade to which five tines are attached. The tines are reinforced by narrow wooden rods.
Context
Used by the Slocum family of South Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1994.24
Source or Donor
Bandel, Betty
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Scythe, Cradle,Scythe,Harvesting Equipment,Agricultural T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
South Burlington
Crucible
Name/Title
Crucible
Entry/Object ID
2011.3.1
Description
Triangular fire assay crucible. The crucible is round at the base, but flare outward to three points at the top, creating spouts for pouring. There is a partial maker's mark reading "[illeg]EL & SOHN".
Use
Used to melt gold in order to determine its purity and composition.
Context
Used at the Rook Mining Company in Plymouth Five Corners, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.3
Source or Donor
Bartels, Nancy
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Frank N. Horton
Made or Created
1885
Lexicon
Crucible, Metal,Metalworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Stoneware
Relationships
Rooks Mining Company
Plymouth
Crucible
Name/Title
Crucible
Entry/Object ID
2011.3.2
Description
Triangular fire assay crucible. The crucible is round at the base, but flare outward to three points at the top, creating spouts for pouring. There is a partial maker's mark reading "[illeg]EL & SOHN".
Use
Used to melt gold in order to determine its purity and composition.
Context
Used at the Rook Mining Company in Plymouth Five Corners, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.3
Source or Donor
Bartels, Nancy
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Frank N. Horton
Made or Created
1885
Lexicon
Crucible, Metal,Metalworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Stoneware
Relationships
Rooks Mining Company
Plymouth
Crucible
Name/Title
Crucible
Entry/Object ID
2011.3.3
Description
Triangular fire assay crucible. The crucible is round at the base, but flare outward to three points at the top, creating spouts for pouring. There is a partial maker's mark reading "[illeg]EL & SOHN".
Use
Used to melt gold in order to determine its purity and composition.
Context
Used at the Rook Mining Company in Plymouth Five Corners, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.3
Source or Donor
Bartels, Nancy
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Frank N. Horton
Made or Created
1885
Lexicon
Crucible, Metal,Metalworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Stoneware
Relationships
Rooks Mining Company
Plymouth
Cup
Name/Title
Cup
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.35ab
Description
Souvenir wooden cup with lid. The cup is attached to a round base in the shape of a ship's wheel. The side of the cup is printed with the words, "Lake Champlain". There is a round lid with a circular knob at the center.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Cup, Covered,Cup,Drinking Vessels,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Curd Rake
Name/Title
Curd Rake
Entry/Object ID
1999.7
Description
Cheese curd rake with 4 angled flat "tines." The handle is 61 1/4"long and about 1 1/2"wide with rounded edges. The cross piece is incised and 3" dia. A wooden peg holds the handle in place.
Context
Likely used near St. Albans, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1999.7
Source or Donor
Vautour, Sally
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Rake, Curd,Tool, Dairy,Food Processing Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Oak
Relationships
St. Albans City
Cutting Board
Name/Title
Cutting Board
Entry/Object ID
2006.4.7
Description
Small, unvarnished wooden cutting board formed from a single piece of wood. The board is largely rectangular, but the top edge sloped upward into a handle with a hole at the center for hanging. At the center top is the laser-cut logo of a tree with the words "VERMONT QUALITY WOOD PRODUCTS SINCE 1891".
Context
Given away as a promotional item during the 2005 Vermont History Expo.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2006.4
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Collected by Staff
Credit Line
Paul Carnahan
Made or Created
Vermont Quality Wood Products
2005
Brandon
Lexicon
Board, Cutting,Board, Food Preparation,Food Preparation Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Vermont History Expo
Cutting Board
Name/Title
Cutting Board
Entry/Object ID
2011.57
Description
Clear acrylic cutting board with a smooth top surface and pebbled back surface. The bottom right corner is printed in black with a logo consisting of a map outline of the state of Vermont and the words, "cabot VERMONT CHEDDAR". There is a hole at the opposite corner for hanging.
Context
Made for Cabot Heritage Festival, the precursor to the Vermont History Expo, and distributed to participants. This particular board was used by the Northfield Historical Society.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.57
Source or Donor
Weiss, Alan H. (b. 1948)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1999
Lexicon
Board, Cutting,Board, Food Preparation,Food Preparation Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Acrylic
Relationships
Cabot Farmers Co-op, Inc., Northfield Historical Society
Cabot, Northfield
Vermont History Expo
Cyclometer
Interpretative Labels
Cyclometer, 1841 Oren Cummins Montpelier, VT Wood, metal Gift of Albert O. Cummins, 1908.1 For as long as people have been traveling, they have wanted to know how fast they were going and how far they’ve traveled. The cyclometer (the word means “circle-measurer”) does just that. Today, cyclometers usually employ GPS to track movement, but before that technology was available, analog versions did the same job. This cyclometer was created by Oren Cummins of Montpelier in 1841, and is entirely handmade. The concept of measuring distance was not new, but Cummins’s solution is noteworthy because it so clearly depended entirely on his own ingenuity to implement. The gears are hand-cut and hand-numbered, and the whole is a remarkable combination of applied mathematics and precision crafting. Cummins used his cyclometer on carriage wheels. One end of the cyclometer would be attached to the hub of the wheel, and as the wheel turned, it would begin the tracking. Gears closer to the wheel measured shorter distances, and when they completed a certain number of revolutions they would trigger the next wheel to advance, and so on down the line. Ultimately, this cyclometer was capable of recording up to 40,000 miles.
Name/Title
Cyclometer
Entry/Object ID
1908.1
Description
Handmade cyclometer consisting of a wooden box with six wooden gears and two metal gears.

The box sits in an outer metal case and is divided into two compartments. The narrower compartment on one side houses two offset metal gears connected to each other. The larger compartment houses six additional gears, also offset and connected to each other, three in a row. The gears are connected by two wooden center pieces that allow them to spin.

The wooden gears are also hand-numbered with various intervals specific to each gear.
Use
Used to measure the distance traveled by a carriage or wagon wheel.
Context
Made by Oren Cummins of Montpelier, VT in 1841.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1908.1
Source or Donor
Cummins, Albert O.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Cummins, Oren
1841
Montpelier
Lexicon
Odometer,Weights & Measures T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Developing Tools
Name/Title
Developing Tools
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.26a-bb
Description
a-c: Silver-toned metal clips. The mouth of the clip is wide for holding paper. The mouth is opened by squeezing together the handles, which are otherwise held apart with a spring. Each clip bears the engraved inscription, "MONTAUG".

d-z: Oval-shaped chain links consisting of two halves that connect in the center, allow the link to either lie flat or bend at a 90 degree angle.

aa: Silver-toned metal hook with threaded screw on one end.

bb: Silver-toned metal strip bent into a sort of U shape. There is a square-shaped hole at the center of the strip.
Use
Used to hold photographs as they were developing
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Developer,Photoprocessing Equipment,Photographic T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Dipper
Name/Title
Dipper
Entry/Object ID
1986.25.3
Description
Long-handled tin dipping cup. The end of the handle has a wire loop for hanging.
Context
Used in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1986.25
Source or Donor
Gray, Forrest (1884-1987)
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
Calais
Lexicon
Dipper,Ladle, Serving,Serving Utensils,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Dipper
Name/Title
Dipper
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.231
Description
Tin dipper with long handle. The dipper is formed from sheets of flat tin, and the handle is rolled into a hollow tube.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1976.43
Source or Donor
Tarshi, Andrew
Tarshi, Susan
Gay, Olivia
Ancel, Janet
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Lexicon
Dipper,Ladle, Serving,Serving Utensils,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Document Case
Name/Title
Document Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.98ab
Description
Small, cylindrical turned wood document case.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Case, Document,Container, Document,Writing Accessories,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Document Case
Name/Title
Document Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.101ab
Description
Turned wooden tube with lid.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Case, Document,Container, Document,Writing Accessories,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Doughnut Hook
Name/Title
Doughnut Hook
Entry/Object ID
2004.47
Description
Wooden doughnut hook. The hook consists of a long straight section with a darker, curved section at one end, steamed into a very slight hook shape. The hook originally came with an attached card explaining how it was a made and a recipe for doughnuts.
Context
Made by John's Tinker Shop in Marshfield, Vermont. Used by David and Jean Cate.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2004.47
Source or Donor
Cate, Jean M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Lamberton, John Frederick (1912-1987)
John's Tinker Shop
1975-1985
Marshfield
Lexicon
Hook, Dough,Tool, Food Mixing,Food Preparation Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Cate, David
Drawknife
Name/Title
Drawknife
Entry/Object ID
1995.31.7
Description
Double-handled drawshave consisting of a blade with two turned wooden handles attached on either side and oriented perpendicular to the blade.
Context
Used by Joseph A. Gassette of Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1995.31
Source or Donor
Gassette, Veronique (1909-2012)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1897-1920
Lexicon
Drawknife,Knife, Woodworking,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Gassette, Joseph A. (1861-1930)
Burlington
Drawknife
Name/Title
Drawknife
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.16
Description
Tool consisting of a sharp, slightly curved blade with two round wooden handles on either end, set perpendicular to the blade. The blade is stamped with the mark, "S. Bardwell / Cast Steel / Wells, Vt."
Use
Used to shave and smooth wood.
Context
Made by S. Bardwell in Wells, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1975.494
Source or Donor
Murray, J. Lee, Jr.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
S. Bardwell
Wells
Lexicon
Drawknife,Knife, Woodworking,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel, Wood
Drawknife
Name/Title
Drawknife
Entry/Object ID
2008.10.1
Description
Drawshave consisting of two turned handles connected by a black-lacquered piece of wood with an inset blade.
Context
Used by Alson Milo Brewer in Tunbridge, Vermont, or Fayette, Indiana
Acquisition
Accession Number
2008.10
Source or Donor
Wooldridge, Gene
Wooldridge, R. Ilene
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Made or Created
D. R. Barton
1849-1874
Rochester
Lexicon
Drawknife,Knife, Woodworking,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Steel, Brass
Relationships
Brewer, Alson Milo (1842-1908)
Tunbridge
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.112
Description
Metal drill bit with a flat tip, 3 edges, and a square connector. The shaft reads "5/0" with a "c" inside a diamond.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Bit, Drill,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.108
Description
Metal drill bit that is round with 6 edges and flat top. There is a hole in the top of the bit. The shaft is round and smooth, and the connector is square. The manufacturer's mark reads, "R & T Co. - 5/16 - Made in USA".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
United States of America
Lexicon
Bit, Drill,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.109
Description
Metal drill bit that is round with 5 edges and a flat top with a hole in the top of the bit. The shaft is round and smooth and the connector is square. The manufacturer's mark (hand cut) reads, "M.J. Daniels Tool Col. - 3/16 - HS" on shaft.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the original Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Bit, Drill,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.110
Description
Metal drill bit with a pointed tip and square connector. The shaft bears the mark, "HS/No. 2" with a "c" inside a diamond.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Bit, Drill,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.111
Description
Metal drill bit with a point tip and square connector. The shaft reads, "HS/ 4/0" with a "c" inside a diamond.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Bit, Drill,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Dutch Oven
Interpretative Labels
Pot, circa 1780 Iron Gift of Betty Jackson Anderson The Abijah Wheelock family was the first to settle permanently in Calais. On April 13, 1789, Abijah started on the seven-mile trip from Montpelier to Calais with his wife, Lois, and their six-month old baby. He pulled them and their family belongings on a hand sled over three feet of melting spring snow. The family story says that when they finally arrived in Calais at the end of that day, they cooked their first meal in this iron pot.
Name/Title
Dutch Oven
Entry/Object ID
1988.6.2
Description
Cast iron pot or kettle. The bulbous pot sits on three feet and has a round, circular body. It flares outward at the top. There is a handle consisting of a thick cast iron rod bent into a semi-circle and attached to ears on either side of the pot.
Context
Owned by Abijah Wheelock, the first permanent settler of Calais, Vermont. According to family history, he used this pot to cook their first meal after traveling to Calais from Montpelier.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1988.6
Source or Donor
Jackman, Robert
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Anderson, Betty Jackman
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Oven, Dutch,Cauldron,Kettle,Cookware,Cooking Vessels,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Wheelock, Abijah
Calais
Ear Punch
Name/Title
Ear Punch
Entry/Object ID
2020.30.1a-x
Description
A metal instrument with black handles and rectangular plier ends with a track on one side into which several metal blocks with needles can be attached. The needles form numbers. The needles are pressed against what seems to be a rubber covering. The top is marked, "C.H. Dana Co. Inc. Hyde Park, Vermont".
Use
Used to tattoo the ears of livestock for identification purposes
Context
Made by C.H. Dana Company, Inc., of Hyde Park, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.30
Source or Donor
Greene, Teresa
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
C. H. Dana Company, Incorporated
Hyde Park
Lexicon
Pattern, Ear,Tool, Ear Marking,Tool, Animal Identification,Animal Care Equipment,Animal Husbandry T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Eggbeater
Name/Title
Eggbeater
Entry/Object ID
1986.28.2
Description
A double-beater hand mixer or egg beater. It is made of stainless steel with a wooden handle that is painted red.
Context
Made by The Edlund Company of Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1986.28
Source or Donor
Lane, Karen
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Edlund Company
Burlington
Lexicon
Eggbeater,Mixer, Food,Beater, Food,Tool, Food Mixing,Food Preparation Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel, Wood
Eggbeater
Name/Title
Eggbeater
Entry/Object ID
1994.16
Description
Metal eggbeater with wooden grip and turning handle. The eggbeater has two whisks or beaters that turn with a cranked central wheel. The beaters have a round shaped with 4 curved steel blades attached to a single post in the center. The drive wheel has a series of openings pierced around the edge. One side of the wheel is stamped with the label, "EDLUND COMPANY / BURLINGTON, VT. / PATENT NO. 1789224 - OTHER PAT. PENDING / MADE IN THE U.S.A."
Context
Made by the Edlund Company in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1994.16
Source or Donor
Forehan, Marie F.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Edlund Company
1929-1931
Burlington
Lexicon
Eggbeater,Beater, Food,Tool, Food Mixing,Food Preparation Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel, Wood
Electric Lamp
Name/Title
Electric Lamp
Entry/Object ID
2011.51
Description
Turned wooden electric lamp with metallic blue lacquer. The shaft consists of two round wooden pieces carved to spiral around a central metal post. A small plaque on the base reads, "BUILT BY LUCIEN BOLDUC 1957 SPAULDING HIGH SCHOOL".
Context
Made by Lucien Bolduc at Spaulding High School in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.51
Source or Donor
Donahue, Gary
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Lucien Bolduc
Made or Created
Artist
Bolduc, Lucien
Bolduc, Lucien
1957
Barre City
Lexicon
Lamp, Electric,Lamp,Lighting Devices,Lighting Equipment,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Spaulding High School
Elevator Switch
Name/Title
Elevator Switch
Entry/Object ID
1974.8.1
Description
Round elevator switch with the inscription, "OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY / PATENTED / DATES ON MACHINE". A cut electrical cord extends from on side, and a round wooden handle from the other.
Context
Installed in the Pavilion Hotel in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1974.8
Source or Donor
Guare, Paul
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Otis Elevator Co.
Montpelier
Lexicon
Elevator,Switch, Electrical,Conveyance Devices,Electrical System Components,Building Components,Electrical & Magnetic T&E,Category 01: Built Environment Objects,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Montpelier, Pavilion
Embossing Press
Name/Title
Embossing Press
Entry/Object ID
1972.61.2
Description
Iron embossing stamp. The stamp consists of an ear-shaped metal arm spanning between a square base pedestal and a round stamp head. The top press button is stamped into a decorative floral pattern.
Use
Used to stamp the dates into railroad tickets.
Context
Used on the Woodstock Railway
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.61
Source or Donor
Mead, Edgar T.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Steamtown, USA
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Press, Embossing,Stamp,Press, Printing,Replication Equipment,Exchange Media,Printing T&E,Category 08: Communication Objects,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Woodstock Railway
Woodstock
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.128
Description
Hand metal file, flat with wood & metal handle, red tang and heel. Handle has the name "Troy Best" imprinted. File has "Simonds Mill Smooth, USA" on heel.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
Simonds Mill
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.129
Description
Round metal file with wood handle & silver-tone metal cap into which tang is inserted. It has a slightly tapeered point. Made by Nicholson, U.S.A. Tow deep parallel scratches with a sross scratch between them on handle.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.130
Description
Round metal file with wood handle, metal cap into which tang is inserteg; tapered point; handle is tapered in center for a better grip; no manufacturing mark
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.131
Description
Round metal file, no handle, slightly tapered point; above tang is imprinted "BAST".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.132
Description
Round metal file, no handle. Manufacturing mark on tang, but not fully legible. Starts with an "S..." and made in U.S.A.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.133
Description
Pillar metal file with no handle; slightly tapered point; tang shows marking of initials "J. B. S."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.134
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, tapered point. No manufacturer's marks.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.135
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, point not tapered; overall length = 10 ¼"; no manufacturer's marks.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.136
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, point slightly tapered; overall length = 7 13/16"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.137
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle; overall length = 7 5/8" ; three manufacturer's marks on heel, above tang: Nicholson - Made in U.S.A. - Warranted.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.138
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 7 3/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.139
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, point not tapered; overall length = 6 7/8"; mark on tang: "ARCAD."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.140
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 7"; manufacturer's mark on tang: Nicholson - Made in U.S.A. - Warranted.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.141
Description
Triangular file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 6 5/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.142
Description
Triangular file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 6 9/16"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.143
Description
Triangular file, no handle, point not tapered; overall length = 6 5/16"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.144
Description
Triangular file, no handle, tapered point; overall length = 5 7/8"; three stars stamped into tang, with "OAS-USA" also imprinted on another side of the tang; no heel on this file and tang is only slight tapered with a bend at the end.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.145
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, slightly tapered, squared off end; overall length = 10 ¼"; has a definite heel; manufacturer's mark on file heel shows an anvil with letters, possibly "PT" or "RT" and below that "CO."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.146
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, point not tapered but squared off; overall length = 8 7/16"; manufacturer's mark shows a zero above the name Nicholson, on heel.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.147
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, squared point; overall length = 8 ½"; manufacturer's mark on heel shows a "1" and Nicholson.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.148
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, squared point; overall length = 8 5/16"; manufacturer's mark on heel shows a "1" and Nicholson.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.149
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 5 5/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.150
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, point not tapered, squared off; overall length = 6"; manufacturer's mark on heel showing a zero and Nicholson.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.155
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, broken untampered tang, or possible part of the file itself as it has ridges; square end damaged; length = 7 1/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
File,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File, Portable
Name/Title
File, Portable
Entry/Object ID
1965.63.4
Description
Leather account case or roll. The long strip of leather is stored rolled up and unrolls to expose alphabetized slots to hold narrow paper receipts and payment notations. The slots are formed by weaving a narrow strip of leather through evenly-placed slits along the center of the roll.
Context
Likely used by a shopkeeper in Berkshire, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.63
Source or Donor
Bowen, Cromwell G.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Berkshire
Lexicon
File, Portable,Container, Document,Writing Accessories,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Fireplace Tongs
Name/Title
Fireplace Tongs
Entry/Object ID
1964.15.3a
Description
Large iron tongs with circular ends. The connecting end flares outward in a U shape before meeting in a single post that culminates in a round finial.
Use
Used to pick up burning embers from within a fire.
Context
Found in West Hubbardton, Vermont. Believed to have been used by a British encampment there during the Revolutionary War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1964.15
Source or Donor
St. John, Helen H.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1806
Lexicon
Tongs, Fireplace,Accessory, Fireplace,Heating Equipment Accessories,Temperature Control Equipment,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Hubbardton
American Revolutionary War
Firkin
Name/Title
Firkin
Entry/Object ID
1954.17.6
Description
White-painted wooden firkin. The firkin is made of narrow wooden board held together with metal straps. There is a U-shaped metal handle.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1954.17
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Lexicon
Firkin,Food Storage Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal, Paint
Fish Spear
Name/Title
Fish Spear
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.20
Description
Wooden fishing spear consisting of a long turned wooden handle culminating in two side wings and central carved spike. The wings are held onto the handle with jute twine, and the spike is inserted into the center of the handle.

Reproduction.
Context
Made by students at Johnson State College for the Lake Champlain Quadricentennial Celebration in 2007.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Made or Created
2007
Johnson
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Spear, Fish,Spear,Edged Weapons,Armaments,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Johnson State College
Flail
Name/Title
Flail
Entry/Object ID
1997.41.2
Description
Wooden flail consisting of two round wooden dowel that taper slightly toward one end. The wider ends are connected with a buckled leather strap.
Context
Used by a member of the Taplin family of Corinth, Vermont or a member of the Cunningham family of Bradford, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1997.41
Source or Donor
Taplin, Winn Lowell, Jr. (1925-2016)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Flail,Percussive Weapons,Armaments,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Relationships
Corinth, Bradford
Flour Bag
Name/Title
Flour Bag
Entry/Object ID
2020.27.1
Description
Zip-top plastic bag. The bag is red and white with the label, "UNBLEACHED ALL-PURPOSE FLOUR". It has a large label showing a crusader surrounded by the inscription, "King Arthur Flour". The back of the bag is printed with nutritional information and a note saying, "During these unprecedented times, and as we work to restock stores around the country, we're finding new ways to supply you with flour so that you can keep baking. To help bridge the gap until stores are restocked nationwide, we're offering this 3lb. bag of flour for a limited time."
Context
Made by King Arthur Flour as a response to nation-wide flour shortages at the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.27
Source or Donor
Gustin, Amanda
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
King Arthur Baking Company
2020
Norwich
Lexicon
Bag, Food Storage,Food Storage Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Relationships
Covid-19 Pandemic
Folding Ruler
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Folding Ruler
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.99
Description
Folding ruler (or rule) made of brass-mounted boxwood with a brass knuckle hinge and an arch joint. There are four sections when open. The markings are only on hte wood, not the brass. There are small brass pins to keep the ruler together when folded. The manufacturer's mark reads "W. & L. E. Gurley."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
W. & L. E. Gurley
1890-1938
Lexicon
Rule, Folding,Ruler,Weights & Measures T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Materials
Boxwood, Brass
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Folding Ruler
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Folding Ruler
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.98
Description
Folding ruler (or rule) of brass-mounted boxwood with a brass knuckle hinge and a square joint. It consists of 4 sections when open. The markings, both numerical and alphabetical, run on the wood as well as the brass, including on the edges, with depth measurements. There are small brass pins to keep the ruler together when folded. The manufacturer's mark reads, "W. & L. E. Gurley."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
W. & L. E. Gurley
1890-1938
Lexicon
Ruler,Weights & Measures T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Materials
Boxwood, Brass
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Folding Ruler
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Folding Ruler
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.100
Description
Two-fold wooden ruler (or rule) with brass slide and knuckle hinge. There is a single brass pin to keep the ruler together when folded.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Rule, Folding,Ruler,Weights & Measures T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Brass
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Food Chopper
Name/Title
Food Chopper
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.13
Description
Meat and food chopper with a wooden handle and curved blade. The turned wooden handle is attached to the metal portion at the center. It sits parallel to the blade.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1953.40
Source or Donor
Harding, Ina Harris
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Chopper, Food,Tool, Food Cutting,Food Preparation Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron
Relationships
Ludlow
Fragments
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Fragments
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.121a-d
Description
Four metal fragments. Two appear to be small wedges, one is S-shaped, and one has ridges.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Garment Rack
Name/Title
Garment Rack
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.75a-x
Description
Clothing rack set in the shape of a fawn. The rack is disassembled, but includes a head, two ears, a long neck, a body, a tail, and three long legs. The pieces are in the original box and accompanied by the assembly instructions. The box is printed with the label, "#303 FAWN TRAINING CLOTHES RACK NEWTON AND THOMPSON, INC. BRANDON, VERMONT / BLUE".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1950-1970
Brandon
Lexicon
Rack, Garment,Rack, Display,Fixture, Store Display,Merchandising T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Materials
Wood
Glass Plate Negative
Name/Title
Glass Plate Negative
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.3a-f
Description
6 glass plate negatives in their sleeves, presumably undeveloped. Each sleeve consists of a wooden frame with a leather hinge on the bottom, similar to a bookbinding. The center part of one side is black-dyed wood or cardstock, while the other is black mica. The mica side attaches to a wooden handle that spans the width of the frame in order to be pulled up to expose the glass plate to light. The handle is held in place by a t-pin to prevent accidental exposure. The pin can be twisted when the user is ready to expose the plates. The top of either side of each frame is marked in pencil with "Portrait No. " and numbered 1-12. The inscription, "ROCHESTER OPTICAL CO./ROCHESTER, N.Y." is pressed into the side of each frame.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1890-1915
Rochester
Lexicon
Negative, Glass Plate,Negative,Photograph,Graphic Documents,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal, Mica, Glass
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Glass Plate Negatives
Name/Title
Glass Plate Negatives
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.19a-f
Description
Sheaths (6) for glass plate negatives. Each sheath consists of a black metal rectangle with the edges folded in. They each bear the inscription "No. 3/EASTMAN FILM/SHEATH/5 X 7/MADE IN U.S.A./BY/EASTMAN KODAK CO./ROCHESTER, N. Y./PATENTED IN U. S. A./MAY 11, 1915."
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1915
Rochester
Lexicon
Negative, Glass Plate,Negative,Photograph,Graphic Documents,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Gluepot
Name/Title
Gluepot
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.107ab
Description
Metal gluepot consisting of inner and outer sections. The inner section lifts out of the larger put with a wire handle. The larger pot is molded with the label, "000".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Gluepot,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Gold Leaf
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Gold Leaf
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.122
Description
Blue paper packet of gold leaf, which has turned mostly to powder.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Leaf,Other Documents,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Materials
Gold, Paper
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Hair Dryer
Interpretative Labels
Hair Dryer, 1950-1960 Standard Products Corp. Whitman, MA Metal Gift of Olive Romerio Franzi, 2008.59.5ab Some innovations are no less important because they are small and highly personal. The hair dryer was invented in France in the 1890s, and became available for personal purchase in the 1920s. By the 1950s and 1960s, two major changes had greatly improved the tool: using plastic for the casing, making it lighter and easier to hold up for the necessary time, and an improved electrical motor, making it heat up faster and more efficiently. Millions of American women entered the workforce during World War II, and many of them never left, continuing to make gains through the second half of the 20th century. With that rising tide of women’s participation in the economy and the business life of America came the need for less expensive, more accessible beauty products, of which the hair dryer was one. This hair dryer, the “Handy Hannah” model, was made out of metal, but had other improvements: it was one of the first to introduce a heat control mechanism. It was especially popular during the 1950s, and belonged to a woman in Montpelier whose career spanned five decades with Green Mountain Power.
Name/Title
Hair Dryer
Entry/Object ID
2008.59.5a-b
Description
Blue metal electric hair dryer on a stand. Dryer removes from the stand to become a hand-held model. There are two switches, one for ON/OFF and one for HOT/COLD. A metal plate attached to the hand-held piece identifies this as a HANDY-HANNAH electric Hair dryer from the Standard Products Corp, Whitman, Mass. It states 215 watts - 110 - 20 volts, A.C. only, 50-60 cycles, Cat No. 595. It also has the UL symbol. The handle is a light colored wood. The electric cord is blue.

a= dryer
b=stand
Acquisition
Accession Number
2008.59
Source or Donor
Franzi, Olive Romerio (1920-2018)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Standard Products Corporation
1950-1960
Whitman
Lexicon
Dryer, Hair,Hair Care Objects,Toilet Articles,Category 03: Personal Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Montpelier
Hammer
Name/Title
Hammer
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1c
Description
Hammer consisting of a metal head with roughly carved wooden handle.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.36
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Hammer,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Burlington
Hammer
Name/Title
Hammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.1
Description
Pneumatic hammer. The hammer is a round, hollow tube of metal with a large hole in one end and a protruding nut on the other.
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.35
Source or Donor
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Dallett Co.
1930-1940
Philadelphia
Lexicon
Hammer,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Barre City
Hand Card
Name/Title
Hand Card
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.90ab
Description
Two rectangular wooden paddles with short metal wires set into one side.
Use
Used to pull wool fibers parallel in preparation for spinning
Context
Owned by Sarah Rice Goddard in Reading, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1957.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Card, Hand,Textile Manufacturing Equipment,Textileworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall (each)
Materials
Wood, Iron
Relationships
Goddard, Sarah Rice (1800-1875)
Reading
Handle
Name/Title
Handle
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.151
Description
Wood handle, rounded and elongated, with silvertone cap and protruding threaded tip; length = 3 ¾"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Harness Maker's Vise
Name/Title
Harness Maker's Vise
Entry/Object ID
1957.11a-c
Description
Wooden harness maker's vise consisting of a bone-shaped bench with a large wooden vise attached to the middle. The vise is fitted with leather straps, and there are two wooden arms attached to its base.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1957.11
Source or Donor
Unknown
Acquisition Method
Found in Collection
Lexicon
Vise, Harness Maker's,Vise, Leatherworking,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Leather
Hay Rake
Name/Title
Hay Rake
Entry/Object ID
1994.29
Description
Large wooden "bull" hay rake. The handle is a Y-shape made of two bent wood pieces. The handle attached perpendicular to a wooden rod. Five large tines spaced evening across the rod point back in the same direction as the handle. 20 large tines are pointed perpendicular to the direction of the handle.
Use
Pulled by hand to rake up the scattered hay left by a horse rake forming windrows.
Context
Used by Robert C. Morey in West Fairlee, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1994.29
Source or Donor
Morey, Robert C.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1920
Lexicon
Rake, Hand Hay,Rake, Hay,Rake,Harvesting Equipment,Agricultural T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Morey, Robert C.
Fairlee
Historic Relic
Name/Title
Historic Relic
Entry/Object ID
1864.1ab
Description
Wood fragment and piece of paper documentation. The wood board has a hole drilled through one corner, into which a blue ribbon has been attached.
Context
From the first framed building in Burlington, built by Stephen Lawrence. Taken from the structure in 1864 by Sarah E. Lund.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1864.1
Source or Donor
Lund, Sarah E.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1783-1793
Burlington
Lexicon
Relic, Historic,Memorabilia,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Lawrence, Stephen ( -1789)
Hole Punch
Name/Title
Hole Punch
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.153
Description
Metal too with one square end one end shaped like a tube; slot in one side that is tapered; tube end has a piece of wood inserted tightly in it; square end looks like a nail head; on the square end is the manufacturer's mark "V & B No. 8" (possibly Vaughan & Bushnell); overall it looks similar to a nail set or punch; length = 3 15/16".
Use
Used to punch holes in leather
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Punch, Hole,Punch, Leather,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Iron, Soldering
Name/Title
Iron, Soldering
Entry/Object ID
1966.15.15b
Description
Metal soldering iron. One end is a pointed cuboid and other is a round black handle.
Context
Used by either Ithamar Allen or one of his descendents in Northfield, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1966.15
Source or Donor
Loomis, Henry
Loomis, Gladys
Acquisition Method
Lexicon
Iron, Soldering,Iron, Metalworking,Metalworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Northfield
Jewelry Box
Name/Title
Jewelry Box
Entry/Object ID
1979.5.1a-b
Description
Rectangular jewelry or trinket box made of red Swanton marble. Each side of the box is convex with four facets, as is the lid. The underside of the lid is completely flat, allowing it to slide freely across the top of the box. The center of the lid has a conical knob that flares toward the top. The interior is lined with low-pile velvet.
Context
Made by Frank Root in Swanton, Vermont out of marble from Swanton, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1979.5
Source or Donor
Traver, Herbert G.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Root, Frank A. (1881-1952)
1952
Swanton
Lexicon
Box, Jewelry,Box, Accessory,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Personal Gear,Category 03: Personal Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Marble
Jig
Name/Title
Jig
Entry/Object ID
2013.16a-c
Description
Wooden basket-making jig consisting of a movable arm and a round holder. The arm lifts by pulling on an attached handle that protrudes from the beneath the holder. There are an additional holder beam.
Context
Made and used by Newton Washburn
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.16
Source or Donor
Besaw, Rhonda
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Washburn, Newton Everett (1915-2011)
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Jig,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Stowe
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
1976.19.2
Description
Small key attached to a large tag. The key is attached to the tag with a metal o-ring. The tag is stamped with a logo of the letter P within a wreath and the label, "416 / PAVILION HOTEL / MONTPELIER VT."
Context
Used to open room 416 of the Pavilion Hotel in Montpelier, Vermont. Owned by William Doty, the last resident of the hotel.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1976.19
Source or Donor
Doty, William
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Key,Device, Security,Protective Devices,Regulative & Protective T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Montpelier, Pavilion
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
1976.19.3
Description
Small metal key attached to a large, plastic tag with a metal o-ring. The black plastic tag is printed with the label, "HOTEL PAVILION MONTPELIER, VERMONT 416" and a circular label saying, "DROP IN ANY MAIL BOX / WE GUARANTEE POSTAGE". "O. W. Doty" is scratched into the back of the tag, and "416" is stamped into the key.
Context
Used to open room 416 of the Pavilion Hotel in Montpelier, Vermont. Owned by William Doty, the last resident of the hotel.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1976.19
Source or Donor
Doty, William
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Key,Device, Security,Protective Devices,Regulative & Protective T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Montpelier, Pavilion
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
1976.19.4
Description
Small metal key attached to a large, plastic tag with a metal o-ring. The black plastic tag is printed with the label, "HOTEL PAVILION MONTPELIER, VERMONT 416" and a circular label saying, "DROP IN ANY MAIL BOX / WE GUARANTEE POSTAGE". "O. W. Doty" is scratched into the back of the tag, and "416" is stamped into the key.
Context
Used to open the door to room 416 in the Pavilion Hotel in Montpelier, Vermont. Owned by William Doty, the last resident of the hotel.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1976.19
Source or Donor
Doty, William
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Key,Device, Security,Protective Devices,Regulative & Protective T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Montpelier, Pavilion
Knife
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Knife
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.116
Description
Knife with hand-carved wooden handle, and a brass ring where the blade and the handle connect. The blade is angled at the tip.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Knife, Woodcarving,Knife, Woodworking,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Brass, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Knife
Name/Title
Knife
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.156
Description
Knife, wood handle, metal blade with a squared-off angled tip; brass cap between the blade and the handle; no manufacturer's mark; length = 5".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Knife, Carving,Knife, Serving,Serving Utensils,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Label Printer
Interpretative Labels
Monarch Pathfinder Label Printer, 1915 Monarch Marking System Company (1901-present) Dayton, OH Metal, wood Gift of Edward Corrigan, #2006.61.25 Some pieces of technology in Vermont were widely available commercially and highly specific to their specific jobs. This label printing machine came from The Homer Fitts Company, a clothing and dry goods store that operated on Main Street in Barre for 120 years, from 1886-2006. It was used to create price tags and could be customized in-house using the interchangeable type in the drawer on the bottom. Interestingly, Monarch still makes a label printer called the Pathfinder today.
Name/Title
Label Printer
Entry/Object ID
2006.61.25a-b
Description
Crank printing press for stamping out price tags, with drawer at bottom containing price type (numbers and letters).

The main unit is black metal with an inside space for housing a roll of blank price tags. On the right side is a circular crank with a wooden knob. The type is inserted into a mechanism at the top, which contains rollers and an ink pad. The tags thread through to the front where they may be individually torn off. Along side this is a metal attachment which reads: "Insert ticket strip here and push to here" with an arrow indicating direction. The blank price tags are imprinted at the top: "The Homer Fitts Co./ Barre, Vermont". A circular metal green label with black printing is attached to the metal crank on the side and imprinted: "MONARCH PATHFINDER" with a lion's heads on each side, and printed in the center: "A Product of THE MONARCH/ Marking System Company/ Dayton, Ohio. L.A. Calif." This metal unit sits on a wooden base and has a metal label attached to front which reads: "THE/ MONARCH/ MARKING SYSTEM COMPANY" and gives factory locations, patent numbers and model number.

A drawer in the wooden base holds the metal letters and numbers.
Context
Used in the Homer Fitts Store in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2006.61
Source or Donor
Corrigan, Edward
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Monarch Marking System Company (1901-present)
1915
Dayton
Lexicon
Printer, Label,Writing Devices,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Paper, Wood
Relationships
The Homer Fitts Company
Barre City
Lens
Name/Title
Lens
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.18ab
Description
Magifying camera lens with case. The lens consists of a higly curved, cicular piece of glass set into a round frame that extends forward on both the front and the back. The back of the frame is threaded for securing the lens into the camera. The frame bears the inscription "12 in." indicated focus distance. The case is a square, leather envelope secured with a snap.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Lens,Optical T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Glass, Leather
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Manual Typewriter
Name/Title
Manual Typewriter
Entry/Object ID
2010.72.23
Description
Black typewriter with the label "REMINGTON RAND" at the center top. The typewriter has round, black keys marked with gold letters and numbers, plus unmarked shift keys and keys for tab, Margin Release, Set, and Clear.
Context
Used at the Cecchini Pharmacy in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2010.72
Source or Donor
Cecchini, Robert J.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Vigilio and Ruth Cecchini
Made or Created
Remington Rand
1945-1950
20th Century
New York City
Lexicon
Typewriter, Manual,Typewriter,Writing Devices,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Cecchini Pharmacy
Barre City
Meat Maul
Name/Title
Meat Maul
Entry/Object ID
1952.27
Description
Wooden mallet with square head. The ends of the head are carved with grooves.
Use
Used to tenderize meat by pounding it
Acquisition
Accession Number
1952.27
Source or Donor
Horton, Ida B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Maul, Meat,Masher,Food Preparation Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Medical Case
Name/Title
Medical Case
Entry/Object ID
1960.191.1a-g
Description
Leather tool roll with miscellaneous blades and lances. The roll consists of an outer layer of light leather and a lining of dark leather. Across the center of the lining is a strip of dark leather, sewn down at intervals to create tubes or pockets. Bladed tools with tortoiseshell handles are inserted into the pockets. There are leather flaps at both the top and bottom, and the case closes by rolling it up.
Context
Used by Dr. Amori Benson in Landgrove, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1960.191
Source or Donor
Dutelle, Ruth Leona Bennett (1890-1971)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Case, Medicine,Kit, Medical,Case, Personal,Instrument, Therapeutic,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Medical Instruments,Personal Gear,Medical & Psychological T&E,Category 03: Personal Objects,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Metal, Tortoiseshell
Relationships
Benson, Amori (1799-1876)
Landgrove
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.85
Description
Small, turned unfinished wooden medicine bottle with a cork stopper. There is a paper label printed with, "A SURE CURE FOR/That Distressed Feeling/DIRECTION/TAKE ONCE MORNING AND NIGHT".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Bottle, Medicine,Container, Medicine,Medical Accessories,Medical & Psychological T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.86
Description
Small, unfinished wooden medicine bottle with a wooden stopper. The bottle has a simple molding at the top, and the remains of a paper label showing the inscription, "CO., Inc./MANUFACTURERS".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Bottle, Medicine,Container, Medicine,Medical Accessories,Medical & Psychological T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.87ab
Description
Cylindrical, turned wooden pill bottle or box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Bottle, Medicine,Container, Medicine,Medical Accessories,Medical & Psychological T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.95
Description
Small, turned wooden medicine bottle with a wooden stopper. It has a white paper label saying, "Will's English Pills" and directions for taking them.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Bottle, Medicine,Container, Medicine,Medical Accessories,Medical & Psychological T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.97ab
Description
Cylindrical, turned wooden pill bottle or box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Brandon
Lexicon
Bottle, Medicine,Container, Medicine,Medical Accessories,Medical & Psychological T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Milk Can
Name/Title
Milk Can
Entry/Object ID
1981.9.1
Description
Tin cream or milk can. The top of the cover is stamped with the mark, "Franklin Co. Cry. Assoc. / St. Albans, VT." The sloping portion of the can is marked, "FCCA" in large brass letters. Each handle is marked "IRON CLAD".
Context
Made in St. Albans, Vermont and used in Fairfield, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1981.9
Source or Donor
Regan, Walter J.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Franklin County Creamery Association
1919-1939
St. Albans City
Lexicon
Can, Milk,Can, Dairy,Tool, Dairy,Food Processing Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Fairfield
Milk Pan
Name/Title
Milk Pan
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.217
Description
Round milk settling pan with with flared sides. The sides are pieced from five sheets.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1976.43
Source or Donor
Tarshi, Andrew
Tarshi, Susan
Gay, Olivia
Ancel, Janet
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Lexicon
Pan, Milk,Tool, Dairy,Food Processing Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Milk Pan
Name/Title
Milk Pan
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.216
Description
Round milk settling pan with with flared sides. The sides are pieced from five sheets.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1976.43
Source or Donor
Tarshi, Andrew
Tarshi, Susan
Gay, Olivia
Ancel, Janet
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Lexicon
Pan, Milk,Tool, Dairy,Food Processing Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Milk Pan
Name/Title
Milk Pan
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.218
Description
Round milk settling pan with with flared sides. The sides are pieced from four sheets.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1976.43
Source or Donor
Tarshi, Andrew
Tarshi, Susan
Gay, Olivia
Ancel, Janet
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Lexicon
Pan, Milk,Tool, Dairy,Food Processing Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Materials
Tin
Miter-box Saw
Name/Title
Miter-box Saw
Entry/Object ID
1994.51.2
Description
Saw and miter-box consisting of a handsaw inserted through a metal mount attached to two perpendicular wooden boards. There is a paper label on the backside of the miter-box that says it is a Perfection Miter Box, manufactured by Union Hardware Co. of Torrington, Conn. USA. It lists two patent dates: Jan. 8, 1901 and Dec. 23, 1902. Underneath this information are directions for use of this tool. The word "Perfection" is also found on the metal device that holds the saw in place. On the top of the saw blade are the words, "Cast steel, Henry Disston and Sons, Philadelphia and Warranted." A large screw head on the wooden handle has the company name - H. Disston & Sons and an abbreviation for Philadelphia - "Philada."
Context
Used by Joseph A. Gassette of Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1994.51
Source or Donor
Gassette, Veronique (1909-2012)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1902
Lexicon
Saw, Miter-Box,Backsaw,Saw, Woodworking,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron, Steel
Relationships
Gassette, Joseph A. (1861-1930)
Burlington
Molding Plane
Name/Title
Molding Plane
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.1
Description
Tool for making a variety of beaded edges in wood. The tool is made of brass, and the handle is made of polished wood. The circular blade has many indentations and turns when the thumbscrew is released. The fence on the bottom of the tool acts as a guide. The tool bears a paper label reading, "Windsor Hand Bead/Pat. March 10, 1885/Pat. for imp. allowed May 6, 1885/Pool, Williams & Co., Windsor, Vt.".
Use
Used to carve molded beads into wood. The craftsman would hold the two side handles and pull the tool toward himself.
Context
Made by Pool, Williams, & Co. in Windsor, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1975.494
Source or Donor
Murray, J. Lee, Jr.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Pool, Williams & Co.
1885
Windsor
Lexicon
Plane, Molding,Plane,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Brass
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.18
Description
Large nail with the number 30 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1930
Vermont
Lexicon
Nail,Fastener, Wood,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.19
Description
Large nail with the number 31 molded into its head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1931
Lexicon
Nail,Fastener, Wood,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.21
Description
Large nail with the number 32 molded into its head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1932
Lexicon
Nail,Fastener, Wood,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.23
Description
Large nail with the number 47 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1947
Lexicon
Nail,Fastener, Wood,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.20
Description
Large nail with the number 31 molded into its head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1931
Lexicon
Nail,Fastener, Wood,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
1969.35.6a-c
Description
Three wrought iron nails. Each nail has a rose head. The long nail is significantly curved.
Context
Taken from Mount Independence, a Revolutionary War fort site.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1969.35
Made or Created
18th Century
Lexicon
Nail,Relic, Historic,Fastener, Wood,Memorabilia,Woodworking T&E,Documentary Objects,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Mount Independence
American Revolutionary War
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.17
Description
Large nail with the number 29 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1929
Vermont
Lexicon
Nail,Fastener, Wood,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.15
Description
Large nail with the number 22 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1922
Vermont
Lexicon
Nail,Fastener, Wood,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.22
Description
Large nail with the number 32 molded into its head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1932
Lexicon
Nail,Fastener, Wood,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.16
Description
Large nail with the number 29 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1929
Vermont
Lexicon
Nail,Fastener, Wood,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Metal
Napkin Holder
Name/Title
Napkin Holder
Entry/Object ID
2012.23.12
Description
Wooden napkin holder with the fan-tailed bird carvings attached on either side. The sides also have carvings in the wood of round flowers with leaves. The sides are attached to the base with screws. These carvings are made from one piece of cedar, which is then fanned out to form the tail.
Context
Made by Chester Nutting of Danville, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.23
Source or Donor
Hamblett, Barbara Knapp (1927-2011)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Nutting, Chester (1900-1975)
West Danville
Lexicon
Holder, Napkin,Food Service Accessories,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Paint Brush
Name/Title
Paint Brush
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.79
Description
Paintbrush with an unfinished wooden handle and black bristles. The wide section of bristles are secured to the handle with a band of silver-toned metal.
Context
Made by Baker Brush Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1944-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Brush, Paint,Painting T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Paint Brush
Name/Title
Paint Brush
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.80
Description
Narrow paintbrush with an unfinished handle and light-colored bristles. The bristles are attached to the handle with a silver-toned strip of metal. The handle is marked in pencil with the words "Henry Mackie/ Newton Thompson Brandon 1950s/80s".
Context
Made by Baker Brush Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1944-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Brush, Paint,Painting T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Paint Roller
Name/Title
Paint Roller
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.77
Description
Paint roller on metal handle. The roller is peach-colored fibers attached to a cardboard roll. The roll is slid onto a mental paint roller handle with a plastic grip.
Context
Made by Baker Brush Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1944-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Roller, Paint,Painting T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Metal, Cardboard, Nylon, Plastic
Paint Roller
Name/Title
Paint Roller
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.78
Description
Paint roller brush consisting of a tube of cardboard with fuzzy, yellow/salmon-colored fibers applied around the outside.
Context
Made by Baker Brush Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1944-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Roller, Paint,Painting T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Paint Tray
Name/Title
Paint Tray
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.81
Description
Metal tray used for paint rollers. The top of the tray is stained with black and brown paint.
Context
Made by Baker Brush Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1944-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Tray, Paint,Painting T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Patent Model
Interpretative Labels
Patent Model, ca. 1878 George H. Soule Company St. Albans, VT Metal Gift of Cary H. Keith, 1985.21.1a-c George Henry Soule was born on a farm in Fairfield in 1865, and after attending Goddard Seminary in Barre, returned to take over his family’s maple sugaring operations. By 1905, the Soule family farm was one of the largest maple producers in New England, with as many as 8,000 taps. Soule began experimenting with sugaring technology in the 1890s, and soon sought a series of patents for various inventions including evaporators, sap spouts, and other equipment for gathering sap. Many of his designs were produced by other companies, but in 1915 he formed his own company to manufacture his products. The “King” Evaporator (possibly a nod to Soule’s nickname “Maple Sugar King”) was the Soule company’s signature model and featured a number of innovations. Soule himself passed away in 1937, but the Soule Company continued to produce maple equipment through the 20th century. Maple has long been one of Vermont’s most important export products, and Soule’s life and work aligned perfectly with the shift away from a maple sugar-based market to a liquid maple syrup market. That shift required innovation and creativity, and made a permanent mark on Vermont’s economy and image.
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1985.21.1a-c
Description
Patent model for a maple sap evaporator, in three parts.

There are two trays that rest on top of a base piece. The two trays hook together in the center. The left tray has some figured piping and the bottom of the pan is slats with gaps between them. It is divided horizontally into two parts. The right tray is divided horizontally into three parts, with a sealed base.

The base piece is supported by two legs on its left side and a rectangular base on its right side. On the left side, above the legs, it extends past the left tray and has a small oval opening. The base piece is formed generally into an arch. The left side of the base is a shallow pan, with a slant down to a deeper section that has slats at the bottom.

The entire model is metal, painted silver, and features the label “SOULES KING EVAPORATOR AND ARCH / Mfg By / GEO. H. SOULE CO. / St. Albans, Vt.
Context
Made by George H. Soule Company in St. Albans, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
1985.21
Source or Donor
Keith, Cary H.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
George H. Soule Company
1878
St. Albans City
Lexicon
Model, Patent,Model,Other Documents,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Patent Model
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1946.31.1a-b
Description
Patent model of a milk cooler. The cooler is a metal tub with grate over the top set into a wooden table with a hinged and paneled lid. There is space on both sides of the tub for cold water or ice. When closed, there is a small hole in the lid directly above the metal tub. There is a paper tag attached with a metal wire that reads, "Pat. no. 227,007 S. Hill Milk Cooler Patented Apr 27, 1880."
Context
Made for a patent issued to S. Hill of Greensboro, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1946.31
Source or Donor
Gilbert, O. Rundle
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
1880
Lexicon
Model, Product,Advertising Media,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Greensboro
Patent Model
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1978.6.3
Description
Patent model for a milk cooler composed of a shallow rectangular pan with a center drain set inside a larger rectangular pan. The bottom pan has corner ledges to hold up the inner pan. A water pipe empties into the center of the cooling pan and drains from the other end. A bolt and nut tightens the inner pan down for complete drainage. It is accompanied by a paper tag with the inked inscription, "No. 149.705 / Aug. R. Bailey / Milk-Cooler / Patented April 14/ 1874."
Context
Made by Augustus R. Bailey of Elmore, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1978.6
Source or Donor
Gilbert, O. Rundle
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
Artist
Bailey, Augustus R. (1825-1878)
1874
Elmore
Lexicon
Patent,Record, Executive,Government Records,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Patent Model
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1978.22.2
Description
Patent model of a shearing machine. The model is made of metal and has two sets of cutting blades. It is accompanied by a tag that reads, "No 207,092 A. Woolson [illeg] Cloth Shearing Mach. Patented Aug. 13" 1878."
Context
Patent model for cloth shearing machine made by A. Woolson of Springfield, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1978.22
Source or Donor
Gilbert, O. Rundle
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
1878
Lexicon
Model, Patent,Model,Other Documents,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Paper
Relationships
Springfield
Patent Model
Interpretative Labels
Patent Model, 1868 Benjamin F. Wheeler Calais, Vermont Wood, metal Gift of Myrtie B. Wheeler, 1966.19.1 The United States Patent and Trademark Office required inventors to submit a patent model for their designs from 1790 – 1880. Models could be no larger than 12” in any direction. The requirement was a way to make the patent process accessible to homegrown inventors who might not have the drafting or engineering expertise necessary to submit a full, formal patent application. Inventors can still submit a patent model today, particularly in situations where a working model would provide better evidence of their design than the patent application itself. Thanks to several fires at the patent offices in Washington, D.C., many patent models have been lost over the years; others were dispersed in subsequent sales. The Vermont Historical Society possesses a number of patent models related to Vermont inventions. This patent model showing a new design for carriage brakes was submitted by Benjamin Wheeler. We don’t know much about him other than he primarily worked as a farmer, and submitted this and one patent for a carriage braking system, also in the VHS collections (1966.19.1).
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1966.19.1
Description
Patent model of a new system for sleigh brakes.

The model is of the chassis system of a sleigh only, constructed from metal and wood. The wood is painted blue. The sleigh rails are in two pieces, and the chassis can pivot at the center. The braking system can be activated from the middle of the chassis, and drops a metal hook down from the rear of the chassis to drag into the snow.

On a strip of wood at the front of the chassis is a small metal plaque with the inscription “B.F. WHEELER’S / PATENT JULY 21ST 1868”
Context
Made by Benjamin F. Wheeler of Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1966.19
Source or Donor
Wheeler, Myrtie B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Wheeler, Benjamin F.
1868
Calais
Lexicon
Patent,Record, Executive,Government Records,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Patent Model
Interpretative Labels
Patent Model Benjamin F. Wheeler Calais, Vermont Wood, metal Gift of Myrtie B. Wheeler, 1966.19.2ab The United States Patent and Trademark Office required inventors to submit a patent model for their designs from 1790 – 1880. Models could be no larger than 12” in any direction. The requirement was a way to make the patent process accessible to homegrown inventors who might not have the drafting or engineering expertise necessary to submit a full, formal patent application. Inventors can still submit a patent model today, particularly in situations where a working model would provide better evidence of their design than the patent application itself. Thanks to several fires at the patent offices in Washington, D.C., many patent models have been lost over the years; others were dispersed in subsequent sales. The Vermont Historical Society possesses a number of patent models related to Vermont inventions. This patent model showing a new design for carriage brakes was submitted by Benjamin Wheeler. We don’t know much about him other than he primarily worked as a farmer, and submitted this and one patent for a sleigh braking system, also in the VHS collections (1966.19.1).
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1966.19.2ab
Description
Patent model of a new system for carriage brakes.

The model is just the chassis and wheels of the carriage, in two pieces. The pieces are held together through a pin that connects the front axle to the body of the chassis.

The whole chassis is made of wood and metal, with four wheels, the front pair smaller than the rear. The braking system is activated when the carriage rolls backward, or by a hand brake that is connected to a lever at the left front of the chassis.

The brakes themselves are in front of the rear carriage wheels, held in place by a strip going horizontally across the width of the chassis. When the lever is activated, the wood strip slides backwards and engages the brakes.
Context
Made by Benjamin F. Wheeler of Calais, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
1966.19
Source or Donor
Wheeler, Myrtie B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Wheeler, Benjamin F.
1868
Calais
Lexicon
Model, Patent,Model,Other Documents,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Peel
Name/Title
Peel
Entry/Object ID
1964.15.1
Description
Iron peel. The peel has a flat, shovel-like blade on one end, and the other end is formed into two curls, similar in appearance to a pretzel.
Use
Used to remove items, such as bread loaves, from ovens.
Context
Found in West Hubbardton, Vermont. Believed to have been used by a British encampment there during the Revolutionary War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1964.15
Source or Donor
St. John, Helen H.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1806
Lexicon
Peel,Tool, Food Handling,Food Preparation Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Hubbardton
American Revolutionary War
Pen
Name/Title
Pen
Entry/Object ID
2011.1.31
Description
Green plastic ballpoint pen with cap. The pen bears the white printed inscription, "CATAMOUNT FENCE CO. Cornwall VT - 802 462 3380".
Context
Made for Catamount Fence Company of Cornwall, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.1
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Collected by Staff
Made or Created
2010
Lexicon
Pen,Writing Devices,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic
Relationships
Catamount Fence Company
Cornwall
Pencil
Name/Title
Pencil
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.24
Description
Wooden pencil. The pencil is sharpened at one end. The side bears the gold inscription "DIXON'S AMERICAN GRAPHITE H-No4" and the impressed inscription "OS. DIXON CRUCIBLE CO. JERSEY CITY, N.J."
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Dixon Crucible Co.
1890-1915
Jersey City
Lexicon
Pencil,Writing Devices,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Graphite
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Pencil
Name/Title
Pencil
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.25
Description
Pencil handle consisting of a burgundy length of wood capped with white plastic on one side and a metal lead holder on the other.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Pencil,Writing Devices,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Pencil
Name/Title
Pencil
Entry/Object ID
2000.19.9
Description
Black wooden pencil with gold lettering and a pink eraser at one end held in a gold-toned metal crimp. The text on the pencil reads, "Trinity College".
Context
Made for Trinity College of Vermont, a college in Burlington, Vermont, from 1925 to 2000.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2000.19
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Collected by Staff
Credit Line
collected by Paul Carnahan
Made or Created
2000
Lexicon
Pencil,Writing Devices,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Graphite, Metal, Rubber
Relationships
Trinity College of Vermont
Burlington
Perpetual Calendar
Name/Title
Perpetual Calendar
Entry/Object ID
2015.13
Description
Perpetual calendar consisting of a metal backboard and paper counters. The top half of the board has a metal box that flips open to hold paper counters as they are passed. The box is printed with the inscription, "VERMONT MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY / ORGANIZED A.D. 1828 / MONTPELIER VERMONT". Beneath the box are two metal loops from which hang rectangular sheets of paper printed in black with a number from 1 to 31. At the center bottom is a rectangular opening that shows a portion of a rotating disk mounted to the back of the backboard. The dis is printed with abbreviations for the twelve months in a year. The back of the calendar is printed with illustrated instructions for use.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2015.13
Source or Donor
Hyde, Rich
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Litzi Bilber Jurow
Made or Created
1941
Lexicon
Calendar, Perpetual,Calendar,Other Documents,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Materials
Paper, Cardboard, Metal
Relationships
Vermont Mutual Fire
Montpelier
Picnic Basket
Name/Title
Picnic Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.497.1.1-.29
Description
Brown stained woven basket with two U-shaped handles on either side. The basket has a plywood lid that hinges open on one of the long sides with brass-plated hinges. The inside of the lid is burned with the label, "Putney BasketVille (R) Vermont". Within the basket is a four-serving picnic service consisting of plastic plates divided into three sections, plastic mugs, and plastic flatware. Each piece is marked, "BASKETVILLE".
Context
Made by Basketville, Inc., in Putney, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1975.497
Source or Donor
Basketville, Inc.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Basketville, Inc.
1975
Putney
Lexicon
Hamper, Picnic,Basket, Picnic,Carrier, Food,Food Service Accessories,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint, Plastic, Wood
Pillbox
Name/Title
Pillbox
Entry/Object ID
1963.50.4
Description
Small round wooden box. The box is formed of a small strip of veneer wood, held together with a small nail. The box originally held Newton's Jaundice wine bitters or elixir of health.
Context
Made for Israel Newton in Norwich, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1963.50
Source or Donor
Huntsman, Mrs. Alex
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Newton, Israel (1763-1856)
19th Century
Norwich
Lexicon
Pillbox,Box,Case, Personal,Personal Carrying & Storage Gear,Containers,Personal Gear,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects,Category 03: Personal Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Montpelier
Plane
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Plane
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.115a-c
Description
Metal parts for a wood plane. The parts are the blade attached to the chip breaker, and two other unidentifiable pieces.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Plane,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Blade
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Plane
Name/Title
Plane
Entry/Object ID
1994.51.1
Description
Hand-held woodworking plane with a knob at the front and a shaped wooden handle at the back. Both are attached to a metal base, and the blade sits at an angle from the front to the top of the handle. Near knob at the front of the plane are the words "Bailey" and "No. 4." Underneath the handle at the other end of the tool are patent dates: Mar-25-02, Aug-19-02 and Apr-19-10.
Context
Used by Joseph A. Gassette of Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1994.51
Source or Donor
Gassette, Veronique (1909-2012)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1910
Lexicon
Plane,Woodworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron, Steel
Relationships
Gassette, Joseph A. (1861-1930)
Burlington
Pliers
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Pliers
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.97
Description
Flatnose metal pliers. The ridges on the inside of the pliers' nose have warn away. There is a manufacturer's mark, but it is illegible. On either side of the mechanism for opening and closing are two cutouts which align when the pliers are opened part way.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Pliers,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Porch Box
Name/Title
Porch Box
Entry/Object ID
2004.58.47
Description
Insulated metal box with a hinging top lid. The lid hinges upward from two strap hinges on the back edge. Though the lid is not insulated, the rest of the interior is lined in white styrofoam. The front has the inscription, "BOOTH BROS DAIRY", in raised, yellow letters.
Use
Placed on a porch to receive milk deliveries
Context
Used for deliveries from Booth Brothers Dairy of Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2004.58
Source or Donor
Rogers, Anita W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Anita and Gary Rogers
Made or Created
1965-1975
Barre City
Lexicon
Box, Porch,Box, Food Storage,Food Storage Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Styrofoam
Relationships
Booth Brothers Dairy
Barre City
Portable File
Name/Title
Portable File
Entry/Object ID
1965.63.3
Description
Leather account case or roll. The long strip of leather stores rolled up and unrolls to expose alphabetized slots holding narrow paper handwritten receipts and payment notations.
Context
Likely used by a shopkeeper in Berkshire, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.63
Source or Donor
Bowen, Cromwell G.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Berkshire
Lexicon
File, Portable,Container, Document,Writing Accessories,Written Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Paper
Printing Press
Interpretative Labels
Printing Press, c. 1700 English Gift of the Vermont Publishers Association, #1895.1 This printing press, known as the Dresden Press, served as the first official press of the State of Vermont. Printer Alden Spooner brought the press to Dresden, a district of Hanover, New Hampshire, in 1778; later, moving to Windsor, Vermont, in 1783. The press was previously used in Connecticut in the early 1700s by that state's first printer, Thomas Short. Stories and popular belief placed this press in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1638 – historians have yet to find proof of these assertions. The government of Vermont was thrilled to have a printer nearby after having to travel all the way to Hartford, Connecticut, in 1777 to print the Vermont Constitution. As a democracy with a legal system based on written word, it was important for Vermont's legislature to print new laws as quickly as possible. A prominent feature since it's donation in 1895, the Historical Society considers it one of the most significant artifacts in the collection - representing the importance of the written word in the culture and governance of the people of the state of Vermont.
Name/Title
Printing Press
Entry/Object ID
1895.1
Description
Printing press consisting of a large wooden frame and marble press. On one side, the press has ornately turned legs, but the legs on the other side are simple posts. A horizontal surface sits about halfway up the frame with a rectangular wooden box set into its center. A large weight is attached above the box and lowers toward it by pushing a long handle that extends from the tall gate frame at the center of the piece.
Context
The first printing press used in Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1895.1
Source or Donor
Vermont Editors and Publishers Association
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
17th Century
Lexicon
Press, Printing,Replication Equipment,Printing T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Materials
Wood, Metal, Marble
Relationships
Spooner, Alden (1757-1827)
Norwich
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Product Model
Name/Title
Product Model
Entry/Object ID
1996.49.22
Description
Scale model of a cream separator stamped into metal. The object has a flat, pyramidal central support tower with a round bowl at the top and a tapered tumbler at the bottom left. The two vessels are assembled with tabs. Two spouts lead from the bowl to drip into the tumbler. The the base reads, "DE LAVAL SAVE $15. PER COW PER YEAR 1,000,000 IN USE THE DE LAVAL SEPARATOR CO. NEW YORK CHICAGE MONTREAL SAN FRANCISCO WINNIPEG PAT'D JULY- 28 '08. L.T. SAVAGE N.Y." The inside of the bowl reads, "AMERICAN ART SIGN CO. B'KLYN., N.Y."
Acquisition
Accession Number
1996.49
Source or Donor
Heatherington, Avis Brown
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
American Art Sign Company, De Laval Separator Company
1908
Lexicon
Model, Product,Advertising Media,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Radio
Name/Title
Radio
Entry/Object ID
1985.25.1
Description
Radio with exposed components attached to a wooden board. The components include a dial with a corresponding hub behind, and five vacuum tubes (one missing). Three of the tubes are clustered into a hub at the right.
Context
Produced by Atwater Kent
Acquisition
Accession Number
1985.25
Source or Donor
Smith, Ross
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Atwater Kent
1921
Philadelphia
Lexicon
Radio,Telecommunication Devices,Telecommunication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal, Glass
Relationships
Kent, Arthur Atwater (1873-1949)
Calais
Radio
Name/Title
Radio
Entry/Object ID
1962.42.2a
Description
Radio with exposed components attached to a wooden board. The components include three dials, each with a corresponding hub behind, and five vacuum tubes. Two of the tubes are between dials, and the other three are clustered into a hub at the right. A pair of headphones attaches with a brown wire to the vacuum tube hub.
Context
Produced by Atwater Kent
Acquisition
Accession Number
1962.42
Source or Donor
Goss, Robert J.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Atwater Kent
1923
Philadelphia
Lexicon
Radio,Telecommunication Devices,Telecommunication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Glass, Metal
Relationships
Kent, Arthur Atwater (1873-1949)
Calais
Railroad Lantern
Name/Title
Railroad Lantern
Entry/Object ID
1960.190
Description
Railroad lantern with metal base and ventilation cap and glass chimney. Both the cap and base are stamped with six-pointed stars. The glass is engraved with the initials, "V C R R" (Vermont Central Rail Road). The base contains a well for holding liquid fuel, and a central wick holder rises from the base into the center of the chimney. The lantern has a round metal handle at the top.
Context
Used on the Central Vermont Railway
Acquisition
Accession Number
1960.190
Source or Donor
Unknown
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Lantern, Railroad,Lantern, Signal,Device, Visual Signaling,Visual Communication Devices,Visual Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin, Glass
Relationships
Central Vermont Railway
Railroad Lantern
Name/Title
Railroad Lantern
Entry/Object ID
1988.14.1
Description
Lantern with glass globe/chimney set into a metal cage mount. The oil reservoir sits in the base of the lantern, and the round wire handle is attached to the vent cap.
Context
Used on the first train from White River Junction, Vermont, through Sharon, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1988.14
Source or Donor
Willey, Elva
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Lantern, Railroad,Lantern, Signal,Device, Visual Signaling,Visual Communication Devices,Visual Communication T&E,Category 06: Tools & Equipment for Communication
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Glass
Relationships
Sharon, White River Junction
Razor Hone
Name/Title
Razor Hone
Entry/Object ID
1980.11
Description
Hone mounted on a wooden handle. The reverse has a paper label with the inscription, "THE AMERICAN HONE & BOX COMPANY, of Wolcott, Vt."
Use
Used to sharpen straight razors
Context
Made by The American Hone & Box Company in Wolcott, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1980.11
Source or Donor
Lindsay, Helene P. (Mrs. William)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
The American Hone & Box Company
1869-1877
Wolcott
Lexicon
Hone, Razor,Sharpener, Razor,Product, Shaving,Hair Care Objects,Toilet Articles,Category 03: Personal Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Stone
Room Numbers
Name/Title
Room Numbers
Entry/Object ID
1974.32a-o
Description
Set of 15 room number identification plates. Each rectangular plate has a small hole on either end for mounting to the wall with nails, and the letter are embossed and painted black. The numbers include: 227, 232, 234, 327, 404, 427, 429, 432, 434, 506, 508, 517, 525, 527, 532.
Context
Used to identify room numbers in the Pavilion Hotel in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1974.32
Source or Donor
Guare, Paul
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1876
Lexicon
Tag, Identification,Label, Address,Label, Identification,Other Documents,Documentary Objects,Category 08: Communication Objects
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Montpelier, Pavilion
Rowing Machine
Interpretative Labels
Rowing Machine, 1980-1985 Concept2 Morrisville, Vermont Metal, wood, plastic Gift of Concept2, 2012 Many of Vermont's inventions and innovations have come about during the cold and dark of winter. When the Dreissigacker brothers, Dick and Pete, found themselves without access to their beloved sport of rowing while ponds were frozen over, they put their creativity to developing a new and improved indoor rowing machine. In 1981, they began manufacturing and selling their first model, called the Concept2 Model A. Over the next few years, they leveraged their connections to the rowing community as well as their keen interest in iterating and improving to take the exercise market by storm. Though the idea of an indoor rowing machine was over a century old by that point, the Concept2 "ergometer" rowing machine quickly became the industry standard. Today, Concept2 is a multi-national, multi-million dollar company that is still based out of Vermont.
Name/Title
Rowing Machine
Entry/Object ID
2012.8
Description
Chromed metal rowing machine consisting of a leather seat on a long metal pole and a bicycle wheel with plastic sheets to create air resistance. The machine rests on the ground in two places: at the end of the horizontal pole, and at the joint between the horizontal and diagonal poles. The base at the far end has holes for bolting the machine down, while the base at the join has rubber caps. There are two wooden footrests attached at a forty-five degree angle at the join. The butterfly-shaped seat is oriented toward the wheel and moves relatively freely along the base pole. At the midpoint of the diagonal pole is a wooden stand with turned handle, a maker's label, and a speed gauge. At the end of the pole is a bicycle wheel with black plastic rectangles attached within the spokes.
Context
Developed and manufactured by Concept2 in Morrisville, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.8
Source or Donor
Concept2, Inc.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Concept2, Inc.
1980-1985
Morrisville
Lexicon
Machine, Rowing,Machine, Exercise,Device, Fitness,Recreational Devices,Category 09: Recreational Objects
Materials
Metal, Wood, Plastic
Ruler
Name/Title
Ruler
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.629
Description
Wooden ruler. One edge is marked in inches with hash lines every 1/8 inch. It is printed with the inscription, "BE SURE AND USE BROWN'S CAMPHORATED SAPONACIOUS DENTRIFRICE. PRICE TWENTY-FIVE CENTER A BOTTLE. IT IS REALLY A TOILET LUXURY."
Context
Made in Windsor, Vermont and sold at George E. Williams' drug store.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
20th Century
Windsor
Lexicon
Ruler,Weights & Measures T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Williams, George E.
Ruler
Name/Title
Ruler
Entry/Object ID
2020.26.12
Description
A white metal ruler featuring six historic, American flags. The ruler has inches marked in red on one side and metric measures in red on the other. In the center, it says, "The Bennington Museum, Bennington, Vermont, 05201" in blue letters.
Context
Souvenir of the Bennington Museum
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.26
Source or Donor
Dopp, Sarah L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Ruler,Weights & Measures T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Materials
Metal
Sales Sample
Interpretative Labels
Sales Sample, 1883 William Cooley Vermont Farm Machinery Company Wood, metal Anonymous gift, 1957.19 Dairy has long been one of Vermont’s primary industries, and when refrigerated railroad cars provided easier, faster access to major markets in Montreal, New York, and Boston, production grew exponentially. Rather than cheese and other preserved products as the primary export, it became feasible for Vermonters to sell cream and milk out of the state. William Cooley of Waterbury invented a number of things, including a variety of gasoline engines, granite industry tools, and other machine parts. This creamer was one of his earlier efforts, patented in the 1870s. The creamer was found to be more efficient at extracting cream from milk than other similar machines, and the Vermont Farm Machine Company purchased the patent from Cooley to manufacture and distribute his machine. Within a few years, 8,000 dairies were using the creamer. Its more efficient process made the development of centralized creameries possible, streamlining production rather than the individual on-farm process that had dominated before. The design proved popular enough that the company spent time in court protecting its patent against infringement on a number of different occasions. This creamer is a salesman’s model, intended to show the mechanics of the machine but not necessarily to actually produce cream. The smallest production model of Cooley’s Creamer was at least twice as large as this one.
Name/Title
Sales Sample
Entry/Object ID
1957.19
Description
Sales sample for a Cooley Creamer, manufactured by the Vermont Farm Machinery Company.

Wooden box painted green, gold, and black with a tin lined interior. On the outside of the box are elaborate painted decorations as well as the lettering “COOLEY CREAMER” at the top front in black letters shadowed with gold. On the front gold panels are the words “MANUF’D BY / VERMONT FARM MACHINE CO / BELLOWS FALLS, VT, U.S.A. / PATENTS ISSUED / FEB 10 1877, AUG 28 1877, JULY 17, 1883” There is also a metal slot on the top of the front panel above the words. The whole box is held off the ground by two pieces of wood on the bottom. On the right hand side is a crank connected to three gears as well as two additional levers.

On the underside of the lid, the words “INVENTED BY / WILLIAM COOLEY / OF WATERBURY, VT.” are painted in black. The lid is held open by two chains connecting diagonally to the box. Inside the box, four metal cylinders rest on a platform that raises or lowers with a system of gears. The cans have spigots and gauges and removable lids.
Context
William Cooley of Waterbury patented this creamer in the 1870s as the dairy industry began booming, and it was sold and distributed nationally by the Vermont Farm Manufacturing Company of Bellows Falls.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1957.19
Source or Donor
Unknown
Made or Created
Artist
Cooley, William
Vermont Farm Machinery Company (1871-1921)
1883
Bellows Falls
Lexicon
Sample, Sales,Merchandising T&E,Category 05: Tools & Equipment for Science & Technology
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Waterbury
Salt Shaker
Name/Title
Salt Shaker
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.52
Description
Round, red-painted wooden salt shaker.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Saltshaker,Vessel, Condiment,Serving Vessels,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood, Paint
Salt Shaker
Name/Title
Salt Shaker
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.53
Description
Salt shaker in the shape of a pig. The body is barrel-shaped, with a protruding snout with small holes and a painted mount and nostrils at one end, and a cork stopper at the other. The tail and four legs are made with round pegs. Two dots and V shapes are painted on to represent eyes and ears.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Saltshaker,Shaker, Pepper,Vessel, Condiment,Serving Vessels,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Salt Shakers
Name/Title
Salt Shakers
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.50ab
Description
Two salt shakers in the shape of lighthouses. They are painted white with blue stripes at the top and bottom. Four-pane windows are drawn on the sides.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Shaker, Pepper,Saltshaker,Set, Salt and Pepper,Vessel, Condiment,Serving Vessels,Food Service Sets,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Salt Shakers
Name/Title
Salt Shakers
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.51ab
Description
Two red-painted salt shakers shaped like vases or balusters.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Shaker, Pepper,Saltshaker,Set, Salt and Pepper,Vessel, Condiment,Serving Vessels,Food Service Sets,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Salt Shakers
Name/Title
Salt Shakers
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.42a-d
Description
Two glass saltshakers with a red-painted wooden base. The shakers are clear, faceted glass with red-painted metal screw-on caps. The base is a rectangle with two holes drilled in the top, into which the shakers sit. The center of the base is printed with the words, "West Addison, Vt." The set is accompanied by its original cardboard box, which is printed with the label, "1 Pc. No. 369 Salt & Pepper Set Made In U. S. A."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Shaker, Pepper,Saltshaker,Vessel, Condiment,Serving Vessels,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Salt Shakers
Name/Title
Salt Shakers
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.43a-e
Description
Saltshaker set consisting of two shakers, an egg timer, and a stand. The shakers are clear glass with red plastic screw-in caps. The base is a rectangular piece of wood with two holes drilled into the top in which the shakers sit. At the center are two dowels with a sand-filled egg time between them. The egg timer is mounted between two spoked wheels to allow it to rotate. The base is printed with the label, "Beach Haven, N. J."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Saltshaker,Shaker, Pepper,Timer, Egg,Vessel, Condiment,Timer, Kitchen,Serving Vessels,Food Preparation Equipment,Food Service T&E,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood, Glass, Plastic
Salt Shakers
Name/Title
Salt Shakers
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.44a-c
Description
Salt and pepper shaker set consisting of two turned wooden shakers in the shape of apples. The shakers are in their original retail packaging: a shaped cardboard holder printed with the label, "SALT & PEPPER SHAKER SET".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Saltshaker,Shaker, Pepper,Vessel, Condiment,Serving Vessels,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Salt Shakers
Name/Title
Salt Shakers
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.46ab
Description
Two, round turned-wood shalt shakers. The shakers are painted orange.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Saltshaker,Shaker, Pepper,Vessel, Condiment,Serving Vessels,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Salt Shakers
Name/Title
Salt Shakers
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.47ab
Description
Two lacriform red-painted wooden salt shakers. One shaker is printed with the label, "Leominster, Mass."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Saltshaker,Shaker, Pepper,Set, Salt and Pepper,Vessel, Condiment,Serving Vessels,Food Service Sets,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Salt Shakers
Name/Title
Salt Shakers
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.48ab
Description
Two painted wooden salt shakers shaped like pears.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Shaker, Pepper,Saltshaker,Set, Salt and Pepper,Vessel, Condiment,Food Service Sets,Serving Vessels,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Salt Shakers
Name/Title
Salt Shakers
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.49ab
Description
Two wooden salt shakers shaped like barrels. The straps are painted green, and each has a black spot on the side representing a tap hole.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Shaker, Pepper,Saltshaker,Set, Salt and Pepper,Vessel, Condiment,Serving Vessels,Food Service Sets,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Salt Shakers
Name/Title
Salt Shakers
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.45ab
Description
Salt and pepper shaker set consisting of two turned wooden shakers in the shape of apples. The shakers are painted red and yellow.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.22
Source or Donor
Herrmann, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1935-1945
Brandon
Lexicon
Saltshaker,Shaker, Pepper,Vessel, Condiment,Serving Vessels,Food Service T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Wood
Sap Bucket
Interpretative Labels
Mskwajo (Sap Bucket), 19th Century Northern Vermont Birch, metal Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman, 2017.3.7 The Abenaki, our region's original inhabitants, developed the process of maple sugaring. They were the first to recognize that the sap of the sugar maple was sweet and could be refined into sugar or syrup, and they were the first to experiment with various technologies for collecting that sap. This mskwajo, or birch bark sap bucket in English, would have been attached to a wooden spile driven into a maple tree and left hanging to collect sap as it ran in early spring. Birch bark is a remarkably pliable material and in this case was folded to make a water-tight container. The mskwajo’s donor indicates it was used in northern Vermont, likely by a maple producer of Abenaki origin.
Name/Title
Sap Bucket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.7
Description
Folded birch bark sap bucket, also called a “quick basket.” The bucket is made of several layers of birch bark, folded together to form a holding vessel. The white part of the birch bark faces the exterior of the basket.

A piece of wood crosses the top of the bucket and pierces the birch bark at the top of the folds. Metal wire is attached to the piece of wood. The wire would have been hung on a wooden sap spile for collecting maple sap.
Context
According to the donor, this 19th century birch bark sap bucket, or “quick basket,” was used to collect maple sap for sugaring in northern Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Made or Created
1800-1900
19th Century
Ethnography
Abenaki
Lexicon
Bucket, Sap,Tool, Maple Sugaring,Food Processing Equipment,Food Processing & Preparation T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Birch, Metal
Saw Blades
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Saw Blades
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.114a-j
Description
10 very thin saw blades with fine teeth. There is a loop at either end for attaching to a saw. They are bundled together with a thin wire.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Saw,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Saw-Set
Name/Title
Saw-Set
Entry/Object ID
1978.15.6
Description
Black painted metal tool with clamping handles. A partially visible makers mark reading, "___ & Sons" is on the inside of the handle. The handles squeeze together, and htere is a hinged piece at the neck that allows for adjuestments.
Use
Used to adjust teeth on saw blades.
Context
Owned by Charles W. Stone of Springfield, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1978.15
Source or Donor
Stone, Jean Longfellow Schoppe
Stone, William W.
Acquisition Method
Lexicon
Saw-Set,Metalworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Stone, Charles W. (1854-1930)
Springfield
Scissors
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Scissors
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.95
Description
Short metal scissors with black handles and pointed tips. The manufacturer's mark appears to be "B H Co. -- Special -- Germany".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Scissors,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Scissors
Name/Title
Scissors
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.94
Description
Extra-long metal scissor with black handles and pointed tips. The manufacturer's mark is illegible.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Scissors,Multiple Use T&E for Materials,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Screw Pitch Gauge
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Screw Pitch Gauge
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.113ab
Description
Thread pitch gauge in open-sided casing. Each gauge has a number on it, beginning with 4 and ending with 42. The tool is in a red cardboard box.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
Union Tool Company
1890-1938
Orange
Lexicon
Gauge, Screw Pitch,Gauge, Metalworking,Metalworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Seam Turner
Name/Title
Seam Turner
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1l
Description
Seam turner consisting of a rectangular piece of wood with square tongues or tenons protruding from either end, perpendicular to each other.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.36
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Turner, Seam,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Burlington
Seed Packet
Name/Title
Seed Packet
Entry/Object ID
2021.6.1
Description
Rectangular paper seed packet. The front is labeled with the text-based logo for Vermont Magazine and an illustration of a tractor. There is a long inscription advertising the magazine and indicating that the seeds were send to induce subscriptions. The back is printed with planting instructions and indicates that the packet held a mix of wildflower seeds.
Context
Sent as advertisement by Vermont Magazine
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.6
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Lexicon
Packet, Seed,Container, Seed,Planting Equipment,Agricultural T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Paper
Relationships
Vermont Magazine
Vermont
Seed Packet
Name/Title
Seed Packet
Entry/Object ID
2021.6.2
Description
Rectangular paper seed packet. The front is orange with the text logo of Vermont Magazine and text indicating that the packet was sent to entice a subscription to the magazine. The back is printed with planting instructions and indicates that the packet contains a mix of autumn-blooming wildflowers.
Context
Sent by Vermont Magazine
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.6
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
Bentley Seed, Inc.
2007
Cambridge
Lexicon
Packet, Seed,Container, Seed,Planting Equipment,Agricultural T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Paper
Relationships
Vermont Magazine
Vermont
Seed Packet
Name/Title
Seed Packet
Entry/Object ID
2021.6.3
Description
Rectangular paper seed packet. The front of the packet is printed with the inscription, "May we plant a few seeds of wisdom?", and illustration of a man and cow reading a magazine, and the text logo of Vermont Magazine. A longer inscription indicates that the packet was sent to entice subscriptions to the magazine. The back is printed with planting instructions and indicates the seeds are a mix of wildflowers.
Context
Seeds sent by Vermont Magazine
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.6
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Lexicon
Packet, Seed,Container, Seed,Planting Equipment,Agricultural T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Materials
Paper
Relationships
Vermont Magazine
Vermont
Semiliquid Lamp
Name/Title
Semiliquid Lamp
Entry/Object ID
1958.25.2
Description
Lamp carved from a single piece of soapstone. The lamp consists of a shallow bowl that narrows to a point opposite a short handle.
Context
Said to have been used in the old church or meetinghouse of Rockingham, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.25
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Lexicon
Lamp, Semiliquid,Lamp,Lighting Devices,Lighting Equipment,Category 02: Furnishings
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Soapstone
Relationships
Rockingham
Sewing Machine
Name/Title
Sewing Machine
Entry/Object ID
1975.28.1
Description
Sewing machine and stand. The small metal machine sits on a wooden table with a folding cover. Within the cover are several small drawers. Beneath the table is a cast iron stand with a foot treadle molded to fit two feet. The belts have been removed.
Context
Owned by Clara Dix Clark of Barre Town, Vermont. Given to her as a wedding gift, 1894.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1975.28
Source or Donor
Dix, Lucy
Dix, Rachel
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Made or Created
Wheeler & Wilson Manufacturing Co.
1860
Lexicon
Machine, Sewing,Machine, Needlework,Needleworking Equipment,Textileworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Clark, Clara Louisa Dix (1957-1955)
Barre Town
Sheep Shears
Name/Title
Sheep Shears
Entry/Object ID
1965.10.2
Description
Metal sheep shears. The shears consist of two triangular blades attached at the center with a U-shaped piece of metal.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.10
Source or Donor
Eddy, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
W. Wilkinson
Lexicon
Shears, Sheep,Shears, Animal,Tool, Animal Grooming,Animal Care Equipment,Animal Husbandry T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Shipping Crate
Name/Title
Shipping Crate
Entry/Object ID
2004.72.20a-b
Description
Wooden shipping crate. The top side (lid) is detached. One side is printed with the label, "2 Doz. Cans. WHYMAN'S FANCY BLUEBERRIES. JASPER WYMAN & SON. MILBRIDGE, ME." The opposite side is branded with the inscription, "S JGCO ST. JOHNSBURY VT".
Context
Sent to St. Johnsbury Grocery Company for retail sale
Acquisition
Accession Number
2004.72
Source or Donor
Cherin, Carol
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Credit Line
Fern Souther Collection
Made or Created
Jasper Wyman & Son
Milbridge
Lexicon
Crate, Shipping,Crate,Containers,Category 07: Distribution & Transportation Objects
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
St. Johnsbury
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.3b
Description
Wooden shoe last. The upper portion of the foot is cut away. There is a hole through the upper heel for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.20
Source or Donor
Eddy, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.3c
Description
Wooden shoe last. The upper portion of the foot is cut away. There is a hole through the upper heel for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.20
Source or Donor
Eddy, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1a
Description
Straight-soled shoe last with a pointed toe. One side is carved with the letter H.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.36
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1780
Sheffield
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Burlington
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1b
Description
Straight-soled shoe last with slightly pointed toe.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.36
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1790
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Burlington
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.3d
Description
Wooden shoe last. The upper portion of the foot is cut away. There is a hole through the upper heel for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.20
Source or Donor
Eddy, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.3e
Description
Wooden shoe last. The upper portion of the foot is cut away. There is a hole through the upper heel for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.20
Source or Donor
Eddy, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.3f
Description
Wooden shoe last. The upper portion of the foot is cut away. There is a hole through the upper heel for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.20
Source or Donor
Eddy, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.3g
Description
Wooden shoe last. The upper portion of the foot is cut away. There is a hole through the upper heel for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.20
Source or Donor
Eddy, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.3h
Description
Wooden shoe last. The upper portion of the foot is cut separately from the body and can be removed. There is a hole through the upper heel for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.20
Source or Donor
Eddy, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.3i
Description
Full-foot shoe last. The last is formed from a single piece of wood. It is sized for a child's shoe. There is a hole at the upper heel for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.20
Source or Donor
Eddy, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.3a
Description
Wooden shoe last. The upper portion of the foot is cut away. There is a hole through the upper heel for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.20
Source or Donor
Eddy, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1955.43
Description
Full-foot wooden shoe last for a left shoe. The last is made from two pieces of wood and the top portion of the foot can be separated from the bottom. The toe is wrapped with a metal plate. There are holes at the top of the heel and in front of the ankle for hanging. The last is marked, "A. & J. W. Town".
Acquisition
Accession Number
1955.43
Source or Donor
Unknown
Made or Created
A. & J. W. Town
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.6
Description
Wooden shoe last. The upper portion of the foot is cut away. There is a hole through the upper heel for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1944.7
Source or Donor
Farr, Willis V.
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.7
Description
Full-foot shoe last. The upper portion of the foot is removable. There is a hole at the upper heel and one at the front of the ankle for hanging. The bottom has the mark "l6" written at the ball of the foot in black marker indicating that it is a left shoe, size six.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1944.7
Source or Donor
Farr, Willis V.
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.8
Description
Full-foot shoe last. The last is formed from a single piece of wood. It is carved straight (neither right nor left foot), and shaped for a square-toed child's shoe. There is a hole at the upper heel for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1944.7
Source or Donor
Farr, Willis V.
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.9
Description
Full-foot shoe last for a right shoe. The upper portion of the foot is removable. There is a hole at the upper heel and front ankle for hanging. The bottom has the number 6 written in black marker, indicating the size.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1944.7
Source or Donor
Farr, Willis V.
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1972.2.3ab
Description
Two cobbler's lasts of different sizes. One last is mounted onto a wooden log.
Context
Used by Walter Gallup in Woodstock, Vermont for shoe repair.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.2
Source or Donor
Gallup, Ronald W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1900
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron, Wood
Relationships
Gallup, Walter Palmer (1892-1947)
Woodstock
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1982.32.20
Description
Full-foot shoe last. The last is formed from a single piece of wood. There is a hole at the upper heel for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.32
Source or Donor
Fitzgerald, John C.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1982.32.24
Description
Slipper-style shoe last. The last is formed from a single piece of wood and cut away at the top of the foot two form a low-profile slipper. There is a hole at the upper heel with small length of twin threaded through for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.32
Source or Donor
Fitzgerald, John C.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1980.5.3
Description
Wooden shoe last. The last is stamped with the label, "J Town & Son" on the top. There is a hole drilled through the top rear, and wooden tacks hammered randomly around the perimeter.
Context
Used by Hiram Templeton in East Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1980.5
Source or Donor
Chapell, Roger
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Roger Chapell
Made or Created
J. Town & Son
1840
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Templeton, Hiram (1817-1910)
East Montpelier
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1982.32.21
Description
Full-foot shoe last. The last is formed from a single piece of wood. There is a hole at the upper heel for hanging. There is a large gouge at the toe.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.32
Source or Donor
Fitzgerald, John C.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1982.32.26ab
Description
Full-foot shoe last. The last is formed from two pieces of wood, one in the shape of a slipper and one forming the top of the foot. There is a hole at the upper heel and one at the front ankle that are connected with a length of twine. One side of the square toe is patched with a piece of dark wood.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.32
Source or Donor
Fitzgerald, John C.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Shoe Last
Name/Title
Shoe Last
Entry/Object ID
1982.32.19
Description
Full-foot shoe last. The last is formed from a single piece of wood. There is a hole at the upper heel for hanging.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.32
Source or Donor
Fitzgerald, John C.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Lexicon
Last, Shoe,Last,Leather, Horn & Shellworking T&E,Category 04: Tools & Equipment for Materials
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood