Objects - Tools, Farm, and Home

Here you'll find the tools and materials of everyday life at home, at work, and at the farm. From kitchen scales and radios to ice saws and scythes, find everything that made life a little different.

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Animal Brand
Name/Title
Animal Brand
Entry/Object ID
1942.9
Description
Wooden block carved into the letters "C.P" in reverse, similar to a stamp. A wooden handle protrudes from the other side.
Use
Used to brand livestock
Context
Owned by Calvin Peabody of Topsham, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1942.9
Source or Donor
Rogers, Cora Peabody
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1866
19th Century
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Peabody, Calvin C. (1836-1906)
Topsham
Apple Peeler
Interpretative Labels
Apple Peeler, 1825 Russell Hoyt Craftsbury, VT Wood, metal Gift of Clara Lucena Buswell, 1972.3.2 Apples have always been a core food product for Vermont, and many uses of apples require them to be peeled and cored. Introducing a mechanical device to the process speeds things up considerably, reducing the tedium of the task and preserving more of the apple’s flesh. There are dozens of potential variations on mechanical parers, including many commercially made variations (see 2014.60.1033 in this same exhibition). This apple parer is homemade and quite simple. It only performs one part of the process: turning the apple. The user would secure the long board part – possibly with clamps or possibly by sitting on it – and stick the apple onto the turning arm. Twirling the lever then rotates the apple, while the user would hold a knife steady to remove the peel. Notably, the tine where the apple would be stuck appears to be a repurposed kitchen implement. Russell Hoyt of Craftsbury made this apple parer sometime in the 19th century, and passed it down through his family.
Name/Title
Apple Peeler
Entry/Object ID
1972.3.2
Description
Flat wooden board that narrows slightly at one end. On that narrower end are two pieces of wood carved to arch over another wooden cylinder. The two pieces are attached to the board with metal nails at either end.

The wooden cylinder has a handle at one end and metal tines at the other that appears to have been made from a dining fork.
Context
Made and used by Russell Hoyt of Craftsbury, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
1972.3
Source or Donor
Buswell, Clara Lucena
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Hoyt, Russell (1805-1890)
1825
Craftsbury
Materials
Wood
Apple Peeler
Interpretative Labels
Apple Peeler, circa 1856 Horatio Keyes (1830-1904) Leominster, MA Cast iron, steel Barre History Collection, #2014.60.1033 Apples have always been a core food product for Vermont, and many uses of apples require them to be peeled and cored. Introducing a mechanical device to the process speeds things up considerably, reducing the tedium of the task and preserving more of the apple’s flesh. There are dozens of potential variations on mechanical parers, including many homemade variations (see 1972.3.2 in this same exhibition), but this variation, patented by Horatio Keyes in 1856, introduced the idea of moving the paring arm around the apple via a geared turntable, a huge leap forward in speed and convenience.
Name/Title
Apple Peeler
Entry/Object ID
2014.60.1033
Description
Metal device known as an apple peeler or parer.

On one end, a vise with a wingnut screw holds the device to a flat surface such as a table or counter. On the side a wooden handle turns a large gear. That gear is connected via two more gears to a center column on a spring, with a horizontal blade at the end. It is also connected to a central shaft at the top of the parer with a three-pronged end.

On the base gear, from which the center column extends, is written “Patented – By H. Keyes June 17 & Dec. 16, 1856.”

When the handle is turned, it activates both the blade and the pronged end. An apple held on the pronged end would rotate around its core while the central blade would move to peel different parts of the apple on a cycle.
Context
Patented and produced by Horatio Keyes in Leominster, MA, 1856-1857.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2014.60
Source or Donor
Barre Historical Society, Inc.
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
Horatio Keyes (1830-1904)
1856
Leominster
Materials
Iron
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Artifact Remnant
Name/Title
Artifact Remnant
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.153
Description
Unidentifiable piece of metal (steel?) hardware; one end is square while other end is a tube; slot in one side that is tapered; tube end has a piece of wood inserted tightly in it; square end looks like a nail head; on the square end is the manufacturer's mark "V & B No. 8" (possibly Vaughan & Bushnell); overall it looks similar to a nail set or punch; length = 3 15/16".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Bale Markers
Name/Title
Bale Markers
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.33a-y
Description
25 metal bale markers. The markers are small metal circles, each stamped with a number or initials.
Use
Used to mark freight during shipment on trains
Context
Marked with station codes of train stations within and surrounding Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Materials
Lead
Bale Seal
Name/Title
Bale Seal
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.11
Description
Round metal disk with the number 116 impressed in the center.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Ethnography
Abenaki
Materials
Metal
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1983.12.1a-b
Description
Covered basket made in the Abenaki tradition. It has slightly flared sides and a deep lid. A row of cowis (3 dimensional woven curls) is around the bottom, and another double row about midway up the basket. The cover also has a double row of cowis. The basket has a solid ash handle, about 1/2" wide. The inside rim of basket shows a single row of purple dyed ash.
Context
Made by an unrecorded Abenaki artisan, and owned by Carroll White in South Walden, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
1983.12
Source or Donor
White, Elizabeth Sophia (1906-1991)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1865-1900
Walden
Ethnography
Northeast
Abenaki
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
White, Carroll Henry (1876-1934)
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.1
Description
Rectangular basket made from thin wooden splints. The basket is stamped around the top and bottom with a quatrefoil design, and one splint near the top is dyed blue.
Context
Made in Vernon, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Made or Created
1840
Vernon
Ethnography
Abenaki
Materials
Wood
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.2
Description
Basket with a round top and square bottom. The basket is made from thin splints of wood in varying width, and the outside is decorated with woven loops, or cowis. It is signed in ink on the bottom, "Leland Krook/Sept 1903".
Context
Made by Leland Krook in Vermont in 1903.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Made or Created
Artist
Krook, Leland
Sep 1903
Essex Junction
Ethnography
Abenaki
Materials
Wood
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.3
Description
Round basket with deep, round cover. The basket is made from thin splints of wood in consistent widths with a row of woven loops, or cowis, decorating the center. The basket is dated in ink on the bottom, "June 1943".
Context
Made a member of the LaPan in Vermont in 1943.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Made or Created
Jun 1943
Vermont
Ethnography
Abenaki
Materials
Wood
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.4
Description
Long, rectangular basket woven from thin wooden splints. The splints are narrow and the top and bottom of the basket, with two wide splits running along the center. The wide splints are painted with an alternating pattern of a green leaf and a pink and yellow arch.
Context
Made in Cambridge, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Made or Created
1840-1860
Cambridge
Ethnography
Abenaki
Materials
Wood
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.1
Description
Abenaki-style basket with three rows of curls or cowis on the sides. The basket is formed into a square, with narrow weavers toward the base and three wide weavers forming the bulk of the sides. The top edge is reinforced with thicker splint. The cowis were red but are now faded on the exterior.
Context
Made by an unrecorded Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1990.33
Made or Created
Addison
Ethnography
Abenaki
Materials
Ash Splint
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.3a-b
Description
Square sweetgrass and splint basket. The splines and some weavers have been dyed red. Halfway up the sides of the basket are rows splint weavers creating a 3/4-inch stripe. The lid also has a 3/4"-inch stripe of red splint weavers across the center. The handle is braided sweetgrass that is anchored on both ends with loops of sweetgrass attaching back at the anchor. The edges are bound bundles of sweetgrass attached with a narrow red splint. The contents of basket include ribbon sewn into a pocket/sachet, embroidery floss, a lace medallion, a ring box, tissue paper, plastic, crocheted lace, ribbon and more.
Context
Made by an unrecorded Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1990.33
Made or Created
Addison
Ethnography
Abenaki
Materials
Sweetgrass, Ash Splint
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.4a-b
Description
Small splint and sweetgrass basket. The sides of the basket are decorated with splint loops, or cowis. The splines were dark green (color visible on the bottom and interior) but have faded significantly. The round lid or cover is all sweetgrass woven through very narrow splint splines.

The basket was given with its contents, which include: hairpins, mother of pearl buttons, seashells, straight pins, a small button reading "The Kings Business", and other miscellania.
Context
Made by an unnamed Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1990.33
Made or Created
Addison
Ethnography
Abenaki
Materials
Sweetgrass, Ash Splint
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.5a-b
Description
Small sweetgrass basket and cover. Both the round basket and round cover are sweetgrass woven around purple-dyed splints. An additional purple-dyed splint reinforces the basket's opening. The central loop of the lid was once purple, but has significantly faded.
Context
Made by an unnamed Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1990.33
Made or Created
Addison
Ethnography
Abenaki
Materials
Sweetgrass, Ash Splint
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2010.71
Description
Round basket with a square base and bale handle. The basket is woven with flat pieces of wood (splits) and has stripes in green and red. The rim around the top is nailed, as is the handle.
Context
Made by Frank Sweetser of Morrisville, VT in exchange for a pair of mittens made by Imelda Lepine.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2010.71
Source or Donor
Lepine, Gertrude
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Sweetser, Frank R. (1888-1950)
1930-1950
Morrisville
Ethnography
Abenaki
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Lepine, Imelda R. (1899-1994), Sweetser, Frank R. (1888-1950)
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1960.6.3
Description
Oval-shaped wicker basket. The basket is woven of groups of 7 wicker reeds held in a plain weave, giving a scalloped effect to the top edge.
Context
Used on Governor Samuel Craft's desk
Acquisition
Accession Number
1960.6
Source or Donor
Pratt, Carolyn A.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1828
Materials
Wicker
Relationships
Crafts, Samuel C. (1768-1853)
Craftsbury, Vermont State House
Bell
Name/Title
Bell
Entry/Object ID
1965.27
Description
Large bell held in a cast iron frame. The upper portion of the frame sits in to vertical posts, allowing the bell to be swung by pulling the large handle on the left side. It is molded with the inscription, "Manchester Locomotive". The whole is attached to a square pedestal with the label, "Bell from locomotive "Arthur Tandy", ca. 1890 Montpelier and Wells River Railroad.
Context
From a train on the Montpelier and Wells River Railroad in Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.27
Source or Donor
Leinwohl, Jane Barber
Barber, Caroline
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Made or Created
1890-1900
Block
Name/Title
Block
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.154
Description
Small rectangular block of light-colored wood with hole in one end, possibly for inserting a file point.; homemade; 3 ½" x ¾".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Blotter
Name/Title
Blotter
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.4
Description
Ink blotter in the shape of a medicine bottle. The blotter shows a green bottle filled with round tablets and a reproduction of the label on a bottle of Lactopeptine tablets. The face has several ink marks, including the word "Rugg" written across the center.
Context
Owned by Harold G. Rugg in Hartford, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
New York Pharmacal Association
20th Century
New York City
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Bolts
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Bolts
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.105a-f
Description
Three bolts and three wingnuts. The bolts have large, flat heads.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1953.18.21a-b
Description
Square wallpaper-covered box. The wall paper is block-printed with red flowers with green foliage and blue-and-red scrolls. The edges of the box and the corners of the lid are edged with a strip of blue paper. The lid is labeled in pencil with "Mrs. Day", and the bottom of the box is labeled, "1938, about 80 years old made by Olive Hale Barton".
Context
Made by Olive Hale Barton of Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1953.18
Source or Donor
Harding, Ina Harris
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Barton, Olive Hale (1812-1872)
1860
Ludlow
Materials
Paper
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1947.6.8f
Description
Small rectangular shaped, grey colored box that reads, "Samuel Kidder & Co. Asthmatic Pastilles. Manufactured and Guaranteed by Samuel Kidder & Co. Incorporated Laboratories Established 1804 BOSTON, Mass. U.S.A. " The short sides of the box read, "Sixteen Asthmatic & Fumigating Pastilles"
Context
Owned by John Barrett of Grafton, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1947.6
Source or Donor
Barrett, Mary X.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Samuel Kidder & Company Incorporated Laboratories
19th Century
Boston
Relationships
Barrett, John (1776-1856)
Grafton
Box, Tool
Name/Title
Box, Tool
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.142
Description
Triangular file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 6 9/16"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Brush
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Brush
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.102
Description
Natural-bristled brush with wooden handle, most likely used to brush away debris. There is a small hole through the handle, midway up. The manufacturer's mark reads, "John L. Whiting & Son" on one side of the brush head, while the other reads, "2".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
John L. Whiting & Son
1890-1938
Materials
Wood, Horsehair
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Butter Churn
Interpretative Labels
Butter "Swing" Churn, 1877-1900 Vermont Farm Machinery Company (1871-1921) Bellows Falls, VT Wood Gift of Kathryn O. Jorgensen, #2012.42 The Vermont Farm Machinery Company, based in Bellows Falls, patented this "swing" churn in the 1870s and manufactured it for a number of years after that. Butter is the consolidation of the fat solids contained in milk; farmers would skim the cream from jars of milk as a first step, and then pour the cream into a churn, which would agitate the cream and encourage the fat solids to clump together. On a small scale, this can be done by hand, but in order to produce butter in bulk, some kind of mechanization is necessary. The Davis Swing Churn appeared in a number of sizes, holding between 4 and 50 gallons of cream, depending on the model number. This Model No. 5 could hold 13 gallons of cream. (The Model 9, which held 50 gallons of cream, no longer fit on a frame, and had to be suspended from a ceiling.) The company claimed that the gentle swinging action of the churn did not "injure" the butter.
Name/Title
Butter Churn
Entry/Object ID
2012.42a-b
Description
Yellow swing churn, bearing the stenciled label, "Davis Swing Churn/No. 5/Pat'd./Manufactured by/Vermont Farm Machine Co/Bellows Falls VT" in black paint on both long sides. The sides are further decorated with stenciled black decorative borders. There are two turned wooden handles across the top on either end, and metal brackets in the equivalent location on the bottom to attach the church to a wooden frame (now missing). The top of the churn has a door with a clear glass pane to view the contents. The churn has a 13 gallon capacity.
Use
Swung or rocked on a wooden frame to make butter.
Context
Manufactured by Vermont Farm Machine Company in Bellows Falls, VT.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.42
Source or Donor
Jorgensen, Kathryn O.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Vermont Farm Machinery Company (1871-1921)
1877-1900
Bellows Falls
Materials
Wood, Paint, Iron, Glass
Candle Mold
Name/Title
Candle Mold
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.16
Description
Metal mold shaped into six tapers. Each taper has a distinct, pointed tip. The wide ends are connected to a rectangular sheet of metal with curled-up edges.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1953.40
Source or Donor
Harding, Ina Harris
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Ludlow
Candlesnuffer Tray
Name/Title
Candlesnuffer Tray
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.12b
Description
Small black toleware tray. The tray is mostly rectangular, with rounded corners. The long sides are concave. The border of the tray flares upward, and the edges of the center are decorated with a thin line of gold paint.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1953.40
Source or Donor
Harding, Ina Harris
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Ludlow
Case
Name/Title
Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.20
Description
Double-capacity camera filter case (empty). The case consists of a leather rectangular body with an evelope closure. The closure is secured with a metal snap. The interior is divided into two compartments and lined in purple velvet.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1890-1915
Materials
Leather, Cardboard, Silk, Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Cheese Box
Name/Title
Cheese Box
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.17a
Description
Large, round wooden box. The sides are formed from a thin strip of wood, nailed together at the seam with small nails.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1953.40
Source or Donor
Harding, Ina Harris
Acquisition Method
Gift
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Ludlow
Chisel
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Chisel
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.119
Description
Chisel tip with a square top that tapers into a straight tip.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Chisel
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Chisel
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.117
Description
Chisel with round, flat top that shows evidence of use. The tips has a triangular shape that tapers to a straight tip. It has markings like a file.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Chisel
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Chisel
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.118
Description
Metal chisel with a triangular shape that tapers into a slightly curved tip. It has markings like a file.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Clamp
Name/Title
Clamp
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.152
Description
Clamp, or cramp, appears to be steel; jaws attached to a rod with a bend at one end; jaws tighten by turning a screw, spring inside jaws tightens; no manufacturer's mark; length = 4 5/8".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Compass
Name/Title
Compass
Entry/Object ID
1889.1
Description
Pocket compass set into a small wooden oval with a round metal cover. The cover is engraved with the inscription, "Reuben Nash/Benson, Vt./1786", and the top of a fleur-de-lis. The first E in Reuben is floating above the the rest of the word. It opens by folding down on simple hinges formed by two wire loops. The compass itself consists of a small metal rod attached to a brass post at the center. Beneath the rod is a printed engraving of a compass rose with Prince of Wales feathers (or a small fleur-de-lis) marking the North point. The other three directions (East, South, and West) are unmarked, but the quarters are marked with initials (NE, SE, SW, NW). A printed sticker is attached to the back that reads, "Pocket Compass used by Reuben Nash, in 1786 [illegible--covered by another sticker] Presented by his gran[illeg--covered by another sticker] Henry Howard Nash, Chicago, Illinois, To the Vermont Historical Society. 1889."
Context
Owned by Reuben Nash, one of the earliest settlers of Benson, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1889.1
Source or Donor
Nash, Henry Howard
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1786
Materials
Wood, Metal, Paper
Relationships
Nash, Reuben (1768-1846)
Benson
Compass
Name/Title
Compass
Entry/Object ID
1894.3
Description
Rectangular wooden compass. The wooden case has a rectangular window in the face with inset glass through which a metal rod can be seen. A corresponding degree chart is etched in a semicircle on the the face of the case. One side has a brass knob handle for opening. The reverse an applied wooden bar with a hole drilled into the center for mounting the compass onto a stand.
Context
Used by John Smith, one of the early residents of Brookfield, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1894.3
Source or Donor
Smith, Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1779
Relationships
Smith, John (1782-1863)
Brookfield
Cowbell
Name/Title
Cowbell
Entry/Object ID
1942.14.2
Description
Large rectangular bell with a U-shaped handle at the top. The bell is formed from a flat piece of metal bent to shape and riveted together on the sides.
Context
Brought to America by Scottish immigrant John Bean.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1942.14
Source or Donor
Bean, Leonard I.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1657
Scotland
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Bean, John
Crucible
Name/Title
Crucible
Entry/Object ID
2011.3.1
Description
Triangular fire assay crucible. The crucible is round at the base, but flare outward to three points at the top, creating spouts for pouring. There is a partial maker's mark reading "[illeg]EL & SOHN".
Use
Used to melt gold in order to determine its purity and composition.
Context
Used at the Rook Mining Company in Plymouth Five Corners, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.3
Source or Donor
Bartels, Nancy
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Frank N. Horton
Made or Created
1885
Materials
Stoneware
Relationships
Rooks Mining Company
Plymouth
Crucible
Name/Title
Crucible
Entry/Object ID
2011.3.2
Description
Triangular fire assay crucible. The crucible is round at the base, but flare outward to three points at the top, creating spouts for pouring. There is a partial maker's mark reading "[illeg]EL & SOHN".
Use
Used to melt gold in order to determine its purity and composition.
Context
Used at the Rook Mining Company in Plymouth Five Corners, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.3
Source or Donor
Bartels, Nancy
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Frank N. Horton
Made or Created
1885
Materials
Stoneware
Relationships
Rooks Mining Company
Plymouth
Crucible
Name/Title
Crucible
Entry/Object ID
2011.3.3
Description
Triangular fire assay crucible. The crucible is round at the base, but flare outward to three points at the top, creating spouts for pouring. There is a partial maker's mark reading "[illeg]EL & SOHN".
Use
Used to melt gold in order to determine its purity and composition.
Context
Used at the Rook Mining Company in Plymouth Five Corners, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.3
Source or Donor
Bartels, Nancy
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Frank N. Horton
Made or Created
1885
Materials
Stoneware
Relationships
Rooks Mining Company
Plymouth
Cyclometer
Interpretative Labels
Cyclometer, 1841 Oren Cummins Montpelier, VT Wood, metal Gift of Albert O. Cummins, 1908.1 For as long as people have been traveling, they have wanted to know how fast they were going and how far they’ve traveled. The cyclometer (the word means “circle-measurer”) does just that. Today, cyclometers usually employ GPS to track movement, but before that technology was available, analog versions did the same job. This cyclometer was created by Oren Cummins of Montpelier in 1841, and is entirely handmade. The concept of measuring distance was not new, but Cummins’s solution is noteworthy because it so clearly depended entirely on his own ingenuity to implement. The gears are hand-cut and hand-numbered, and the whole is a remarkable combination of applied mathematics and precision crafting. Cummins used his cyclometer on carriage wheels. One end of the cyclometer would be attached to the hub of the wheel, and as the wheel turned, it would begin the tracking. Gears closer to the wheel measured shorter distances, and when they completed a certain number of revolutions they would trigger the next wheel to advance, and so on down the line. Ultimately, this cyclometer was capable of recording up to 40,000 miles.
Name/Title
Cyclometer
Entry/Object ID
1908.1
Description
Handmade cyclometer consisting of a wooden box with six wooden gears and two metal gears.

The box sits in an outer metal case and is divided into two compartments. The narrower compartment on one side houses two offset metal gears connected to each other. The larger compartment houses six additional gears, also offset and connected to each other, three in a row. The gears are connected by two wooden center pieces that allow them to spin.

The wooden gears are also hand-numbered with various intervals specific to each gear.
Use
Used to measure the distance traveled by a carriage or wagon wheel.
Context
Made by Oren Cummins of Montpelier, VT in 1841.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1908.1
Source or Donor
Cummins, Albert O.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Cummins, Oren
1841
Montpelier
Materials
Wood, Metal
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.112
Description
Metal drill bit with a flat tip, 3 edges, and a square connector. The shaft reads "5/0" with a "c" inside a diamond.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.108
Description
Metal drill bit that is round with 6 edges and flat top. There is a hole in the top of the bit. The shaft is round and smooth, and the connector is square. The manufacturer's mark reads, "R & T Co. - 5/16 - Made in USA".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
United States of America
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.109
Description
Metal drill bit that is round with 5 edges and a flat top with a hole in the top of the bit. The shaft is round and smooth and the connector is square. The manufacturer's mark (hand cut) reads, "M.J. Daniels Tool Col. - 3/16 - HS" on shaft.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the original Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.110
Description
Metal drill bit with a pointed tip and square connector. The shaft bears the mark, "HS/No. 2" with a "c" inside a diamond.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.111
Description
Metal drill bit with a point tip and square connector. The shaft reads, "HS/ 4/0" with a "c" inside a diamond.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Dutch Oven
Name/Title
Dutch Oven
Entry/Object ID
1988.6.2
Description
Cast iron pot or kettle. The bulbous pot sits on three feet and has a round, circular body. It flares outward at the top. There is a handle consisting of a thick cast iron rod bent into a semi-circle and attached to ears on either side of the pot.
Context
Owned by Abijah Wheelock, the first permanent settler of Calais, Vermont. According to family history, he used this pot to cook their first meal after traveling to Calais from Montpelier.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1988.6
Source or Donor
Jackman, Robert
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Anderson, Betty Jackman
Made or Created
1789
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Wheelock, Abijah
Calais
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.128
Description
Hand metal file, flat with wood & metal handle, red tang and heel. Handle has the name "Troy Best" imprinted. File has "Simonds Mill Smooth, USA" on heel.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
Simonds Mill
1890-1938
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.129
Description
Round metal file with wood handle & silver-tone metal cap into which tang is inserted. It has a slightly tapeered point. Made by Nicholson, U.S.A. Tow deep parallel scratches with a sross scratch between them on handle.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.130
Description
Round metal file with wood handle, metal cap into which tang is inserteg; tapered point; handle is tapered in center for a better grip; no manufacturing mark
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.131
Description
Round metal file, no handle, slightly tapered point; above tang is imprinted "BAST".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.132
Description
Round metal file, no handle. Manufacturing mark on tang, but not fully legible. Starts with an "S..." and made in U.S.A.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.133
Description
Pillar metal file with no handle; slightly tapered point; tang shows marking of initials "J. B. S."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.134
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, tapered point. No manufacturer's marks.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.135
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, point not tapered; overall length = 10 ¼"; no manufacturer's marks.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.136
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, point slightly tapered; overall length = 7 13/16"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.137
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle; overall length = 7 5/8" ; three manufacturer's marks on heel, above tang: Nicholson - Made in U.S.A. - Warranted.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.138
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 7 3/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.139
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, point not tapered; overall length = 6 7/8"; mark on tang: "ARCAD."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.140
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 7"; manufacturer's mark on tang: Nicholson - Made in U.S.A. - Warranted.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.141
Description
Triangular file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 6 5/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.143
Description
Triangular file, no handle, point not tapered; overall length = 6 5/16"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.144
Description
Triangular file, no handle, tapered point; overall length = 5 7/8"; three stars stamped into tang, with "OAS-USA" also imprinted on another side of the tang; no heel on this file and tang is only slight tapered with a bend at the end.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.145
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, slightly tapered, squared off end; overall length = 10 ¼"; has a definite heel; manufacturer's mark on file heel shows an anvil with letters, possibly "PT" or "RT" and below that "CO."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.146
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, point not tapered but squared off; overall length = 8 7/16"; manufacturer's mark shows a zero above the name Nicholson, on heel.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.147
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, squared point; overall length = 8 ½"; manufacturer's mark on heel shows a "1" and Nicholson.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.148
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, squared point; overall length = 8 5/16"; manufacturer's mark on heel shows a "1" and Nicholson.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.149
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 5 5/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.150
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, point not tapered, squared off; overall length = 6"; manufacturer's mark on heel showing a zero and Nicholson.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.155
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, broken untampered tang, or possible part of the file itself as it has ridges; square end damaged; length = 7 1/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Filter
Name/Title
Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.5a-i
Description
"Morrison Vignetter" camera accessory set consisting of a two-part mount, four vignetting cards, a box, and instructions.

The box (ab) is made of cardboard and covered in lime-green semi-gloss paper. The label on the lid has a vignetted portrait of a child on the proper right, and an illustration of the vignetter attached to the lens of a King Poco model camera on the proper left. Beneath the images is the inscription, "MORRISON VIGNETTER/BURKE & JAMES, Chicago".

The four vignetters (c-f) are cardboard pieces: two in black and two in white (one now grey). The boards are straight on the bottom, but the top curves up to create the vignette shape. Two of the boards have a sawtooth edge on the top, and the other two have less pronounced nicked edge on the top. Each board shows evidence of being slid into the metal mounts for use, but the pieces with the less-pronounced edges appear to have been more heavily used.

The boards mount in front of the camera's lens with two pieces of metal (h,i). Both pieces are made from flat metal strips. The piece that connects to the lens consists of a strip bent into a circle to which an L-bent strip is attached. The other piece is bent into a narrow U-shape on one end (for attaching the vignetting board) and a wider U on the other side that can be tightened with a bolt. The two attach by sliding the flat edge of the lens side into the clamp at the wide-U side of the other piece and tightening the connection with the bolt.

The instructions are in a bi-fold with example images on the front page and detailed steps on the inside.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Burke & James
1899-1903
Chicago
Materials
Cardboard, Metal, Paper
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Filter
Name/Title
Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.6a-d
Description
Yellow camera filter consisting of two panes of glass permanently attached together, along with a carrying case and paper care instructions. The edges of the filter (a) are sealed with a glossy black medium. A small paper label reading "Wratten K3 Filter" was applied to one side, but is now loose within the case (b). The case consists of a narrow cardboard sleeve and lid covered in leather. The face of the case's body bears the gold inscription, "WRATTEN K FILTER/MADE BY/EASTMAN KODAK CO./ROCHESTER, N.Y./TRAD MARKS REG. U. S. PAT. OFF." The reverse bears a gold sticker with several black stamps that read, "K1", "2104", "2", and "80".
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1912-1915
Rochester
Materials
Glass, Paper, Cardboard, Leather
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Filter
Name/Title
Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.7a-d
Description
Three yellow camera filters and a Morrocan leather case. The filters consist of two panes of glass adheared together. A glossy black film was painted around the edges of the filters, but it only completely remains on one. The same filter with the frame retains a paper label along its narrow edge reading, "Wrateen [sic] K1 Filter". Four other paper labels are loose in the container and bear the inscriptions "Wratten K2 Filter", "Wratten K1 1/2 Filter", "Wratten No. 7 Filter", and "Wratten No. 6 Filter".

The case opens at the top with two hinges on the reverse. When closed, it is secured by a hidden latch at the front that is release by pressing the hidding button. The top of the case bears the gold inscription, "WRATTEN FILTERS/MANUFACTURED BY/EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY./ROCHESTER, N. Y./TRADE MARKS REG. U.S. PAT. OFF." The inside of the case is lined in purple velvet with two molded protusions on other side to separate the filters from each other. The lid is lined in red satin-woven silk.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1912-1915
Rochester
Materials
Glass, Leather, Silk, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Filter
Name/Title
Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.9a-c
Description
Metal bracket for holding a filter up to the lens of a camera, together with box and lid. The box is covered in glossy white paper, and a label on the top reads, "ADJUSTABLE FILTER HOLDER/For 2 inch square/Wratten Filters/EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY,/ROCHESTER, N.Y./Trade MArks Reg. U.S. Pat. Off./K P 4418 102."

The filter holder is a black metal square with a circular hole in the center. Within the hole is a thin black strip of metal attached to a bolt that can be adjusted to tighten around the lens of the camera. The left and right edges of the square fold back to allow the glass filter to slide inside. An impressed inscription around the circle reads, "MADE BY EASTMAN KODAK CO. ROCHESTER. N.Y. U.S.A. PAT. JUNE 5. 1917." and another beneath the circle reads, "1 1/8" TO 1 9/16"".
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1917
Rochester
Materials
Metal, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Filter
Name/Title
Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.10ab
Description
Circular yellow filter with green leather case. The filter consists of a round pieces of yellow glass set into a copper frame. The back is finished with a glossy black substance. Three indentations are placed equidistant around the frame to secure the filter onto a camera lens.
The case opens with two metal hinges at the back. The top is slightly raised, and bears the white printed inscription, "Cramer's/Precision/Color Filters/St. Louis U.S.A." The interior is lined in blue satin (upper) and purple velvet (lower). The base of the interior is molded to fit the filter.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
G. Cramer Dry Plate Company
1909
St. Louis
Materials
Glass, Copper, Leather, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Filter
Name/Title
Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.13ab
Description
Circular clear filter with double case. The filter consists of a flat, circular piece of glass contained within a black metal frame. The frame extends to the rear and is tabbed to attach onto a circular lens. The rectangular case is covered in red Morocccan leather. The top has the gold inscription, "THE ISOSTIGMAR LENS/WILLIAMS, BROWN & EARLE,/PHILADELPHIA/AMERICAN AGENTS:". The interior of the case is lined in blue velvet, and the base is molded to fit the filter and one other identically shaped and sized object.

Note: the filter is not an isostigmar lens.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1907-1915
Philadelphia
Materials
Glass, Metal, Cardboard, Leather, Silk
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Filter
Name/Title
Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.14a-c
Description
Circular half-tone filter with box and lid. The filter consists of a flat, circular piece of glass that is transparent yellow on the upper 2/3 and clear on the remaining 1/3. The glass is set into a silver-toned metal frames with three rubber-coated tabs placed equidistant around the edge for securing to a lens. The inscription "ROYAL FOREGROUND RAY SCREEN/PATENTED/GEORGE MURPHY INC NEW YORK" impressed on the side of the fram. The top is indicated with the impressed inscription, "TOP". The case consists of a round body and round lid, each covered in red Moroccan leather. The bottom is lined in purple velvet whill the lid is lined in black leather.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
George Murphy, Inc.
1890-1915
New York City
Materials
Glass, Metal, Leather, Cardboard, Silk
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Filter
Name/Title
Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.16a-c
Description
Portrait lens attachment and case. The lens consists of a circular piece of glass set within a black metal frame. the frame extends beyond the glass at both the front and the back. The back extension is cut into tabs in order to secure onto a camera lens. The metal case consists of a circular base and lid. The lid bears the label, "KODAK/PORTRAIT ATTACHMENT/8-A/Eastman Kodak Co./Rochester, N.Y. Made in U.S.A./TRADE MARK REG. U.S. PAT. OFF." The interior of the case is printed with a focus guide giving the focal length at which to set the camera with the lens on (i.e. "focus at 5' to work at 2'-4'")
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
Rochester
Materials
Glass, Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Filter
Name/Title
Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.17a-c
Description
Metal duplicator filter and case. The duplicator filter was used to expose only a portion of a glass plate to allow for double exposure "duplication" tricks. The filter consists of a metal cap that fits over a camera lens with a semi-circular cut out taking about 3/8 of the total surface. The front of the filter bears the inscriptions "THE IDEAL DUPLICATOR" and "BURKE & JAMES. CHICAGO". The case consists of a box that slides into a lid. Both are covered in red Morrocan leather, and the top bears the silver inscription "THE IDEAL/DUPLICATOR/No. 2/BURKE & JAMES,/CHICAGO."
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Burke & James
1897-1915
Chicago
Materials
Metal, Cardboard, Leather
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Filter
Name/Title
Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.23
Description
Metal vingette framing filter consisting of a metal box frame with a circular opening in the center. Within the opening is a wooden frame with a diamond-shaped opening and four strips of curved metal attached to the outside.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1890-1915
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Folding Camera
Name/Title
Folding Camera
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.2ab
Description
Glass plate camera that folds into a box. When folded, the camera resembles a small carrying case, completely covered in highly textured leather with a short carrying strap on the top. The back side (b) detaches at both the top and the bottom with metal protrusions that slide into clasps. Additionally, a hinged door is placed in the center of the back piece allowing access to the glass plate. The front opens by pressing two concealed buttons at the top of the case. Once open, the lens and its attached purple leather bellows can be slid onto an extendable wooden track. A marker on the proper left indicates the focal distance, and there is a level on the proper right. A perioscopal viewfinder sits to the proper left of the lens, and a wider viewfinders sits on top of the case. A small plaque under the lens bears in the inscription, "TELE-PHOTO CYCLE-POCO C/ROCHESTER OPTICAL & CAMERA CO."
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1890-1915
Rochester
Materials
Leather, Glass, Brass, Cardboard, Metal, Wood
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Folding Ruler
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Folding Ruler
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.99
Description
Folding ruler (or rule) made of brass-mounted boxwood with a brass knuckle hinge and an arch joint. There are four sections when open. The markings are only on hte wood, not the brass. There are small brass pins to keep the ruler together when folded. The manufacturer's mark reads "W. & L. E. Gurley."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
W. & L. E. Gurley
1890-1938
Materials
Boxwood, Brass
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Folding Ruler
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Folding Ruler
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.98
Description
Folding ruler (or rule) of brass-mounted boxwood with a brass knuckle hinge and a square joint. It consists of 4 sections when open. The markings, both numerical and alphabetical, run on the wood as well as the brass, including on the edges, with depth measurements. There are small brass pins to keep the ruler together when folded. The manufacturer's mark reads, "W. & L. E. Gurley."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
W. & L. E. Gurley
1890-1938
Materials
Boxwood, Brass
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Folding Ruler
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Folding Ruler
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.100
Description
Two-fold wooden ruler (or rule) with brass slide and knuckle hinge. There is a single brass pin to keep the ruler together when folded.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Wood, Brass
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Food Chopper
Name/Title
Food Chopper
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.13
Description
Meat and food chopper with a wooden handle and curved blade. The turned wooden handle is attached to the metal portion at the center. It sits parallel to the blade.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1953.40
Source or Donor
Harding, Ina Harris
Acquisition Method
Gift
Materials
Wood, Iron
Relationships
Ludlow
Fragments
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Fragments
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.121a-d
Description
Four metal fragments. Two appear to be small wedges, one is S-shaped, and one has ridges.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Glass Plate Negative
Name/Title
Glass Plate Negative
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.3a-f
Description
6 glass plate negatives in their sleeves, presumably undeveloped. Each sleeve consists of a wooden frame with a leather hinge on the bottom, similar to a bookbinding. The center part of one side is black-dyed wood or cardstock, while the other is black mica. The mica side attaches to a wooden handle that spans the width of the frame in order to be pulled up to expose the glass plate to light. The handle is held in place by a t-pin to prevent accidental exposure. The pin can be twisted when the user is ready to expose the plates. The top of either side of each frame is marked in pencil with "Portrait No. " and numbered 1-12. The inscription, "ROCHESTER OPTICAL CO./ROCHESTER, N.Y." is pressed into the side of each frame.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1890-1915
Rochester
Materials
Wood, Metal, Mica, Glass
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Glass Plate Negatives
Name/Title
Glass Plate Negatives
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.19a-f
Description
Sheaths (6) for glass plate negatives. Each sheath consists of a black metal rectangle with the edges folded in. They each bear the inscription "No. 3/EASTMAN FILM/SHEATH/5 X 7/MADE IN U.S.A./BY/EASTMAN KODAK CO./ROCHESTER, N. Y./PATENTED IN U. S. A./MAY 11, 1915."
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1915
Rochester
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Gold Leaf
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Gold Leaf
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.122
Description
Blue paper packet of gold leaf, which has turned mostly to powder.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Gold, Paper
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Hair Dryer
Interpretative Labels
Hair Dryer, 1950-1960 Standard Products Corp. Whitman, MA Metal Gift of Olive Romerio Franzi, 2008.59.5ab Some innovations are no less important because they are small and highly personal. The hair dryer was invented in France in the 1890s, and became available for personal purchase in the 1920s. By the 1950s and 1960s, two major changes had greatly improved the tool: using plastic for the casing, making it lighter and easier to hold up for the necessary time, and an improved electrical motor, making it heat up faster and more efficiently. Millions of American women entered the workforce during World War II, and many of them never left, continuing to make gains through the second half of the 20th century. With that rising tide of women’s participation in the economy and the business life of America came the need for less expensive, more accessible beauty products, of which the hair dryer was one. This hair dryer, the “Handy Hannah” model, was made out of metal, but had other improvements: it was one of the first to introduce a heat control mechanism. It was especially popular during the 1950s, and belonged to a woman in Montpelier whose career spanned five decades with Green Mountain Power.
Name/Title
Hair Dryer
Entry/Object ID
2008.59.5a-b
Description
Blue metal electric hair dryer on a stand. Dryer removes from the stand to become a hand-held model. There are two switches, one for ON/OFF and one for HOT/COLD. A metal plate attached to the hand-held piece identifies this as a HANDY-HANNAH electric Hair dryer from the Standard Products Corp, Whitman, Mass. It states 215 watts - 110 - 20 volts, A.C. only, 50-60 cycles, Cat No. 595. It also has the UL symbol. The handle is a light colored wood. The electric cord is blue.

a= dryer
b=stand
Acquisition
Accession Number
2008.59
Source or Donor
Franzi, Olive Romerio (1920-2018)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Standard Products Corporation
1950-1960
Whitman
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Montpelier
Hand Card
Name/Title
Hand Card
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.90ab
Description
Two rectangular wooden paddles with short metal wires set into one side.
Use
Used to pull wool fibers parallel in preparation for spinning
Context
Owned by Sarah Rice Goddard in Reading, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1957.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Wood, Iron
Relationships
Goddard, Sarah Rice (1800-1875)
Reading
Handle
Name/Title
Handle
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.151
Description
Wood handle, rounded and elongated, with silvertone cap and protruding threaded tip; length = 3 ¾"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Historic Relic
Name/Title
Historic Relic
Entry/Object ID
1864.1ab
Description
Wood fragment and piece of paper documentation. The wood board has a hole drilled through one corner, into which a blue ribbon has been attached.
Context
From the first framed building in Burlington, built by Stephen Lawrence. Taken from the structure in 1864 by Sarah E. Lund.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1864.1
Source or Donor
Lund, Sarah E.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1783-1793
Burlington
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Lawrence, Stephen ( -1789)
Knife
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Knife
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.116
Description
Knife with hand-carved wooden handle, and a brass ring where the blade and the handle connect. The blade is angled at the tip.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal, Brass, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Knife
Name/Title
Knife
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.156
Description
Knife, wood handle, metal blade with a squared-off angled tip; brass cap between the blade and the handle; no manufacturer's mark; length = 5".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Label Printer
Interpretative Labels
Monarch Pathfinder Label Printer, 1915 Monarch Marking System Company (1901-present) Dayton, OH Metal, wood Gift of Edward Corrigan, #2006.61.25 Some pieces of technology in Vermont were widely available commercially and highly specific to their specific jobs. This label printing machine came from The Homer Fitts Company, a clothing and dry goods store that operated on Main Street in Barre for 120 years, from 1886-2006. It was used to create price tags and could be customized in-house using the interchangeable type in the drawer on the bottom. Interestingly, Monarch still makes a label printer called the Pathfinder today.
Name/Title
Label Printer
Entry/Object ID
2006.61.25a-b
Description
Crank printing press for stamping out price tags, with drawer at bottom containing price type (numbers and letters).

The main unit is black metal with an inside space for housing a roll of blank price tags. On the right side is a circular crank with a wooden knob. The type is inserted into a mechanism at the top, which contains rollers and an ink pad. The tags thread through to the front where they may be individually torn off. Along side this is a metal attachment which reads: "Insert ticket strip here and push to here" with an arrow indicating direction. The blank price tags are imprinted at the top: "The Homer Fitts Co./ Barre, Vermont". A circular metal green label with black printing is attached to the metal crank on the side and imprinted: "MONARCH PATHFINDER" with a lion's heads on each side, and printed in the center: "A Product of THE MONARCH/ Marking System Company/ Dayton, Ohio. L.A. Calif." This metal unit sits on a wooden base and has a metal label attached to front which reads: "THE/ MONARCH/ MARKING SYSTEM COMPANY" and gives factory locations, patent numbers and model number.

A drawer in the wooden base holds the metal letters and numbers.
Context
Used in the Homer Fitts Store in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2006.61
Source or Donor
Corrigan, Edward
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Monarch Marking System Company (1901-present)
1915
Dayton
Materials
Metal, Paper, Wood
Relationships
The Homer Fitts Company
Barre City
Lens
Name/Title
Lens
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.18ab
Description
Magifying camera lens with case. The lens consists of a higly curved, cicular piece of glass set into a round frame that extends forward on both the front and the back. The back of the frame is threaded for securing the lens into the camera. The frame bears the inscription "12 in." indicated focus distance. The case is a square, leather envelope secured with a snap.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1890-1915
Materials
Metal, Glass, Leather
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.18
Description
Large nail with the number 30 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1930
Vermont
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.19
Description
Large nail with the number 31 molded into its head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1931
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.21
Description
Large nail with the number 32 molded into its head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1932
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.20
Description
Large nail with the number 31 molded into its head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1931
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.17
Description
Large nail with the number 29 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1929
Vermont
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.15
Description
Large nail with the number 22 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1922
Vermont
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.22
Description
Large nail with the number 32 molded into its head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1932
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.16
Description
Large nail with the number 29 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1929
Vermont
Materials
Metal
Napkin Holder
Name/Title
Napkin Holder
Entry/Object ID
2012.23.12
Description
Wooden napkin holder with the fan-tailed bird carvings attached on either side. The sides also have carvings in the wood of round flowers with leaves. The sides are attached to the base with screws. These carvings are made from one piece of cedar, which is then fanned out to form the tail.
Context
Made by Chester Nutting of Danville, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.23
Source or Donor
Hamblett, Barbara Knapp
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Nutting, Chester (1900-1975)
West Danville
Materials
Wood
Patent Model
Interpretative Labels
Patent Model, ca. 1878 George H. Soule Company St. Albans, VT Metal Gift of Cary H. Keith, 1985.21.1a-c George Henry Soule was born on a farm in Fairfield in 1865, and after attending Goddard Seminary in Barre, returned to take over his family’s maple sugaring operations. By 1905, the Soule family farm was one of the largest maple producers in New England, with as many as 8,000 taps. Soule began experimenting with sugaring technology in the 1890s, and soon sought a series of patents for various inventions including evaporators, sap spouts, and other equipment for gathering sap. Many of his designs were produced by other companies, but in 1915 he formed his own company to manufacture his products. The “King” Evaporator (possibly a nod to Soule’s nickname “Maple Sugar King”) was the Soule company’s signature model and featured a number of innovations. Soule himself passed away in 1937, but the Soule Company continued to produce maple equipment through the 20th century. Maple has long been one of Vermont’s most important export products, and Soule’s life and work aligned perfectly with the shift away from a maple sugar-based market to a liquid maple syrup market. That shift required innovation and creativity, and made a permanent mark on Vermont’s economy and image.
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1985.21.1a-c
Description
Patent model for a maple sap evaporator, in three parts.

There are two trays that rest on top of a base piece. The two trays hook together in the center. The left tray has some figured piping and the bottom of the pan is slats with gaps between them. It is divided horizontally into two parts. The right tray is divided horizontally into three parts, with a sealed base.

The base piece is supported by two legs on its left side and a rectangular base on its right side. On the left side, above the legs, it extends past the left tray and has a small oval opening. The base piece is formed generally into an arch. The left side of the base is a shallow pan, with a slant down to a deeper section that has slats at the bottom.

The entire model is metal, painted silver, and features the label “SOULES KING EVAPORATOR AND ARCH / Mfg By / GEO. H. SOULE CO. / St. Albans, Vt.
Context
Made by George H. Soule Company in St. Albans, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
1985.21
Source or Donor
Keith, Cary H.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
George H. Soule Company
1878
St. Albans City
Materials
Metal
Patent Model
Interpretative Labels
Patent Model, 1868 Benjamin F. Wheeler Calais, Vermont Wood, metal Gift of Myrtie B. Wheeler, 1966.19.1 The United States Patent and Trademark Office required inventors to submit a patent model for their designs from 1790 – 1880. Models could be no larger than 12” in any direction. The requirement was a way to make the patent process accessible to homegrown inventors who might not have the drafting or engineering expertise necessary to submit a full, formal patent application. Inventors can still submit a patent model today, particularly in situations where a working model would provide better evidence of their design than the patent application itself. Thanks to several fires at the patent offices in Washington, D.C., many patent models have been lost over the years; others were dispersed in subsequent sales. The Vermont Historical Society possesses a number of patent models related to Vermont inventions. This patent model showing a new design for carriage brakes was submitted by Benjamin Wheeler. We don’t know much about him other than he primarily worked as a farmer, and submitted this and one patent for a carriage braking system, also in the VHS collections (1966.19.1).
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1966.19.1
Description
Patent model of a new system for sleigh brakes.

The model is of the chassis system of a sleigh only, constructed from metal and wood. The wood is painted blue. The sleigh rails are in two pieces, and the chassis can pivot at the center. The braking system can be activated from the middle of the chassis, and drops a metal hook down from the rear of the chassis to drag into the snow.

On a strip of wood at the front of the chassis is a small metal plaque with the inscription “B.F. WHEELER’S / PATENT JULY 21ST 1868”
Context
Made by Benjamin F. Wheeler of Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1966.19
Source or Donor
Wheeler, Myrtie B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Wheeler, Benjamin F.
1868
Calais
Materials
Wood, Metal
Patent Model
Interpretative Labels
Patent Model Benjamin F. Wheeler Calais, Vermont Wood, metal Gift of Myrtie B. Wheeler, 1966.19.2ab The United States Patent and Trademark Office required inventors to submit a patent model for their designs from 1790 – 1880. Models could be no larger than 12” in any direction. The requirement was a way to make the patent process accessible to homegrown inventors who might not have the drafting or engineering expertise necessary to submit a full, formal patent application. Inventors can still submit a patent model today, particularly in situations where a working model would provide better evidence of their design than the patent application itself. Thanks to several fires at the patent offices in Washington, D.C., many patent models have been lost over the years; others were dispersed in subsequent sales. The Vermont Historical Society possesses a number of patent models related to Vermont inventions. This patent model showing a new design for carriage brakes was submitted by Benjamin Wheeler. We don’t know much about him other than he primarily worked as a farmer, and submitted this and one patent for a sleigh braking system, also in the VHS collections (1966.19.1).
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1966.19.2ab
Description
Patent model of a new system for carriage brakes.

The model is just the chassis and wheels of the carriage, in two pieces. The pieces are held together through a pin that connects the front axle to the body of the chassis.

The whole chassis is made of wood and metal, with four wheels, the front pair smaller than the rear. The braking system is activated when the carriage rolls backward, or by a hand brake that is connected to a lever at the left front of the chassis.

The brakes themselves are in front of the rear carriage wheels, held in place by a strip going horizontally across the width of the chassis. When the lever is activated, the wood strip slides backwards and engages the brakes.
Context
Made by Benjamin F. Wheeler of Calais, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
1966.19
Source or Donor
Wheeler, Myrtie B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Wheeler, Benjamin F.
1868
Calais
Materials
Wood, Metal
Pencil
Name/Title
Pencil
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.24
Description
Wooden pencil. The pencil is sharpened at one end. The side bears the gold inscription "DIXON'S AMERICAN GRAPHITE H-No4" and the impressed inscription "OS. DIXON CRUCIBLE CO. JERSEY CITY, N.J."
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Dixon Crucible Co.
1890-1915
Jersey City
Materials
Wood, Graphite
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Pencil
Name/Title
Pencil
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.25
Description
Pencil handle consisting of a burgundy length of wood capped with white plastic on one side and a metal lead holder on the other.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
1890-1915
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Plane
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Plane
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.115a-c
Description
Metal parts for a wood plane. The parts are the blade attached to the chip breaker, and two other unidentifiable pieces.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Pliers
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Pliers
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.97
Description
Flatnose metal pliers. The ridges on the inside of the pliers' nose have warn away. There is a manufacturer's mark, but it is illegible. On either side of the mechanism for opening and closing are two cutouts which align when the pliers are opened part way.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Printing Press
Name/Title
Printing Press
Entry/Object ID
1895.1
Description
Printing press consisting of a large wooden frame and marble press. On one side, the press has ornately turned legs, but the legs on the other side are simple posts. A horizontal surface sits about halfway up the frame with a rectangular wooden box set into its center. A large weight is attached above the box and lowers toward it by pushing a long handle that extends from the tall gate frame at the center of the piece.
Context
The first printing press used in Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1895.1
Source or Donor
Vermont Editors and Publishers Association
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
17th Century
Materials
Wood, Metal, Marble
Relationships
Spooner, Alden (1757-1827)
Norwich
Railroad Lantern
Name/Title
Railroad Lantern
Entry/Object ID
1960.190
Description
Railroad lantern with metal base and ventilation cap and glass chimney. Both the cap and base are stamped with six-pointed stars. The glass is engraved with the initials, "V C R R" (Vermont Central Rail Road). The base contains a well for holding liquid fuel, and a central wick holder rises from the base into the center of the chimney. The lantern has a round metal handle at the top.
Context
Used on the Central Vermont Railway
Acquisition
Accession Number
1960.190
Source or Donor
Unknown
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Tin, Glass
Relationships
Central Vermont Railway
Rowing Machine
Interpretative Labels
Rowing Machine, 1980-1985 Concept2 Morrisville, Vermont Metal, wood, plastic Gift of Concept2, 2012 Many of Vermont's inventions and innovations have come about during the cold and dark of winter. When the Dreissigacker brothers, Dick and Pete, found themselves without access to their beloved sport of rowing while ponds were frozen over, they put their creativity to developing a new and improved indoor rowing machine. In 1981, they began manufacturing and selling their first model, called the Concept2 Model A. Over the next few years, they leveraged their connections to the rowing community as well as their keen interest in iterating and improving to take the exercise market by storm. Though the idea of an indoor rowing machine was over a century old by that point, the Concept2 "ergometer" rowing machine quickly became the industry standard. Today, Concept2 is a multi-national, multi-million dollar company that is still based out of Vermont.
Name/Title
Rowing Machine
Entry/Object ID
2012.8
Description
Chromed metal rowing machine consisting of a leather seat on a long metal pole and a bicycle wheel with plastic sheets to create air resistance. The machine rests on the ground in two places: at the end of the horizontal pole, and at the joint between the horizontal and diagonal poles. The base at the far end has holes for bolting the machine down, while the base at the join has rubber caps. There are two wooden footrests attached at a forty-five degree angle at the join. The butterfly-shaped seat is oriented toward the wheel and moves relatively freely along the base pole. At the midpoint of the diagonal pole is a wooden stand with turned handle, a maker's label, and a speed gauge. At the end of the pole is a bicycle wheel with black plastic rectangles attached within the spokes.
Context
Developed and manufactured by Concept2 in Morrisville, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.8
Source or Donor
Concept2, Inc.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Concept2, Inc.
1980-1985
Morrisville
Materials
Metal, Wood, Plastic
Ruler
Name/Title
Ruler
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.629
Description
Wooden ruler. One edge is marked in inches with hash lines every 1/8 inch. It is printed with the inscription, "BE SURE AND USE BROWN'S CAMPHORATED SAPONACIOUS DENTRIFRICE. PRICE TWENTY-FIVE CENTER A BOTTLE. IT IS REALLY A TOILET LUXURY."
Context
Made in Windsor, Vermont and sold at George E. Williams' drug store.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
20th Century
Windsor
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Williams, George E.
Sales Sample
Interpretative Labels
Sales Sample, 1883 William Cooley Vermont Farm Machinery Company Wood, metal Anonymous gift, 1957.19 Dairy has long been one of Vermont’s primary industries, and when refrigerated railroad cars provided easier, faster access to major markets in Montreal, New York, and Boston, production grew exponentially. Rather than cheese and other preserved products as the primary export, it became feasible for Vermonters to sell cream and milk out of the state. William Cooley of Waterbury invented a number of things, including a variety of gasoline engines, granite industry tools, and other machine parts. This creamer was one of his earlier efforts, patented in the 1870s. The creamer was found to be more efficient at extracting cream from milk than other similar machines, and the Vermont Farm Machine Company purchased the patent from Cooley to manufacture and distribute his machine. Within a few years, 8,000 dairies were using the creamer. Its more efficient process made the development of centralized creameries possible, streamlining production rather than the individual on-farm process that had dominated before. The design proved popular enough that the company spent time in court protecting its patent against infringement on a number of different occasions. This creamer is a salesman’s model, intended to show the mechanics of the machine but not necessarily to actually produce cream. The smallest production model of Cooley’s Creamer was at least twice as large as this one.
Name/Title
Sales Sample
Entry/Object ID
1957.19
Description
Sales sample for a Cooley Creamer, manufactured by the Vermont Farm Machinery Company.

Wooden box painted green, gold, and black with a tin lined interior. On the outside of the box are elaborate painted decorations as well as the lettering “COOLEY CREAMER” at the top front in black letters shadowed with gold. On the front gold panels are the words “MANUF’D BY / VERMONT FARM MACHINE CO / BELLOWS FALLS, VT, U.S.A. / PATENTS ISSUED / FEB 10 1877, AUG 28 1877, JULY 17, 1883” There is also a metal slot on the top of the front panel above the words. The whole box is held off the ground by two pieces of wood on the bottom. On the right hand side is a crank connected to three gears as well as two additional levers.

On the underside of the lid, the words “INVENTED BY / WILLIAM COOLEY / OF WATERBURY, VT.” are painted in black. The lid is held open by two chains connecting diagonally to the box. Inside the box, four metal cylinders rest on a platform that raises or lowers with a system of gears. The cans have spigots and gauges and removable lids.
Context
William Cooley of Waterbury patented this creamer in the 1870s as the dairy industry began booming, and it was sold and distributed nationally by the Vermont Farm Manufacturing Company of Bellows Falls.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1957.19
Source or Donor
Unknown
Made or Created
Artist
Cooley, William
Vermont Farm Machinery Company (1871-1921)
1883
Bellows Falls
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Waterbury
Sap Bucket
Interpretative Labels
Sap Bucket 19th century Northern Vermont Birch, metal Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman, 2017.3.7 The cultivation of maple in Vermont began with the Abenaki, the region’s original inhabitants. They were the first to recognize that the sap of the sugar maple was sweet and could be refined into sugar or syrup, and they were the first to experiment with various technologies for collecting that sap. This birch bark sap bucket, also called a “quick basket,” would have been attached to a wooden spile stuck into a maple tree and left hanging to collect sap as it ran in early spring. Birch bark is a remarkably pliable material and in this case was folded to make a water-tight container. The sap bucket’s donor indicates it was used in northern Vermont, likely by a maple producer of Abenaki origin.
Name/Title
Sap Bucket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.7
Description
Folded birch bark sap bucket, also called a “quick basket.” The bucket is made of several layers of birch bark, folded together to form a holding vessel. The white part of the birch bark faces the exterior of the basket.

A piece of wood crosses the top of the bucket and pierces the birch bark at the top of the folds. Metal wire is attached to the piece of wood. The wire would have been hung on a wooden sap spile for collecting maple sap.
Context
According to the donor, this 19th century birch bark sap bucket, or “quick basket,” was used to collect maple sap for sugaring in northern Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Made or Created
1800-1900
19th Century
Ethnography
Abenaki
Materials
Birch, Metal
Saw Blades
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Saw Blades
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.114a-j
Description
10 very thin saw blades with fine teeth. There is a loop at either end for attaching to a saw. They are bundled together with a thin wire.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Scissors
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Scissors
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.95
Description
Short metal scissors with black handles and pointed tips. The manufacturer's mark appears to be "B H Co. -- Special -- Germany".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Scissors
Name/Title
Scissors
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.94
Description
Extra-long metal scissor with black handles and pointed tips. The manufacturer's mark is illegible.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Screw Pitch Gauge
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Screw Pitch Gauge
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.113ab
Description
Thread pitch gauge in open-sided casing. Each gauge has a number on it, beginning with 4 and ending with 42. The tool is in a red cardboard box.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
Union Tool Company
1890-1938
Orange
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Seed Packet
Name/Title
Seed Packet
Entry/Object ID
2021.6.1
Description
Rectangular paper seed packet. The front is labeled with the text-based logo for Vermont Magazine and an illustration of a tractor. There is a long inscription advertising the magazine and indicating that the seeds were send to induce subscriptions. The back is printed with planting instructions and indicates that the packet held a mix of wildflower seeds.
Context
Sent as advertisement by Vermont Magazine
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.6
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Materials
Paper
Relationships
Vermont Magazine
Vermont
Seed Packet
Name/Title
Seed Packet
Entry/Object ID
2021.6.2
Description
Rectangular paper seed packet. The front is orange with the text logo of Vermont Magazine and text indicating that the packet was sent to entice a subscription to the magazine. The back is printed with planting instructions and indicates that the packet contains a mix of autumn-blooming wildflowers.
Context
Sent by Vermont Magazine
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.6
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
Bentley Seed, Inc.
2007
Cambridge
Materials
Paper
Relationships
Vermont Magazine
Vermont
Seed Packet
Name/Title
Seed Packet
Entry/Object ID
2021.6.3
Description
Rectangular paper seed packet. The front of the packet is printed with the inscription, "May we plant a few seeds of wisdom?", and illustration of a man and cow reading a magazine, and the text logo of Vermont Magazine. A longer inscription indicates that the packet was sent to entice subscriptions to the magazine. The back is printed with planting instructions and indicates the seeds are a mix of wildflowers.
Context
Seeds sent by Vermont Magazine
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.6
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Materials
Paper
Relationships
Vermont Magazine
Vermont
Shutter
Name/Title
Shutter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.22
Description
Bladder for releasing camera shutter. The body consists of white rubber in a lemon shape. One end is capped with a metal attachment.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.4
Source or Donor
Bosworth, Mary Jane
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Bosworth Family
Made or Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1890-1915
Rochester
Materials
Rubber, Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Berlin
Soldering Pot
Name/Title
Soldering Pot
Entry/Object ID
1960.50.1
Description
Cast iron soldering cup. The cup has a spout on either side and is on the end of a long handle. The end of the handle is curved for hanging.
Context
Owned by Charles Dewey in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1960.50
Source or Donor
Dewey, Breta Bringham
Acquisition Method
Gift
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Dewey, Charles (1828-1905)
Montpelier
Spinning Wheel
Name/Title
Spinning Wheel
Entry/Object ID
1945.17
Description
Spinning wheel with a 14-spoked wheel set on the lower side of a platform on three legs. On the higher side of the platform is a turned vertical beam with a horizontal turned beam attached near the top. On the end of the horizontal beam in a wooden cage filled with untwisted flax fibers.
Context
Used by the Kent family for spinning flax in Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.17
Source or Donor
Kent, Dorman B.E. (1875-1951)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Kent, Dorman B.E. (1875-1951)
Calais
Steam Engine
Interpretative Labels
Steam Engine, ca. 1793 Samuel Morey Fairlee, Vermont Tin, brass Gift of Amelia S. Morey Kibbey, 1900.2 Samuel Morey was an inventor from Fairlee, Vermont and Orford, New Hampshire. He first began experimenting with steam power in the 1780s, and his first patent, in 1793, was for a steam-powered spit (for cooking food). In the early 1790s, he began to develop a steam engine that he ultimately used to power a small boat that he drove up and down the Connecticut River. Legend has it that he snuck out to test his craft early on a Sunday morning, while the rest of the town was at church, so that he would be spared embarrassment in case of failure. Morey continued to develop his ideas for steam-powered boats, but he was slow to patent them, and in the early 19th century Robert Fulton and Robert Livingston joined together to create the first steamship line in America. They have typically received credit for creating workable steam engines, though Morey disputed their claims and argued that they stole his ideas. Morey continued to invent throughout his life, and in the 1820s he invented and attempted to sell an early internal combustion engine. He failed to attract buyers, but beginning in the 1890s, many automobile inventors credited his work as an inspiration. This model of Morey’s original steam engine comes from the Morey family, and is one of the longest-tenured objects in our collections.
Name/Title
Steam Engine
Entry/Object ID
1900.2
Description
Metal enclosed cylinder with two handles opposite each other, near top edge. Rotating piston is mounted to the top. See worksheet file for additional information.
Context
Invented by Samuel Morey of Fairlee, who used it to power a small boat, this was one of the earliest working piston steam engines in America.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1900.2
Source or Donor
Kibbey, Amelia S. Morey
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Morey, Samuel (1762-1843)
1793
Materials
Tin, Brass
Relationships
Morey, Samuel (1762-1843)
Bradford
Tankard
Name/Title
Tankard
Entry/Object ID
1936.5.1
Description
Wooden tankard constructed similarly to a barrel. The tankard is straight-sided, tapering inward from the base to the top. It is constructed of straight wooden slats, and there are four wooden rings nailed to the slats around the outside. A wooden handle is nailed to one side and spans from the mid-point to the top.
Context
Made by Ithamar Smith of Waitsfield, Vermont, circa 1820
Acquisition
Accession Number
1936.5
Source or Donor
Smith, Harriet E.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Smith, Ithamar (1787-1862)
1820
Waitsfield
Materials
Wood
Telegraph
Name/Title
Telegraph
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.29
Description
Telegraph key and sounder on a rectangular wooden base. The telegraph key (sender) consists of a metal rod with a round pad that hinged on a perpendicular metal rod. The sounder (receiver) consists of two metal cylinders with a metal rod between them. There are two metal posts at the center front of the base.
Context
Likely used in a train station in Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Materials
Metal, Wood
Telegraph Sounder
Name/Title
Telegraph Sounder
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.28
Description
Telegraph receiver on wooden base. The receiver consists of two metal cylinders with a rod passing between them. The rod sits within two U-shaped holders, one oriented upward and the other leftward. There are two metal knobs at the corners of the base.
Use
used at the receiving end of the telegraph line to make Morse code messages audible
Context
Likely used in a train station in Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Materials
Metal, Wood
Television
Interpretative Labels
Television, 1948 The Hallicrafters Company Chicago, Illinois Metal, glass, plastic Museum purchase, 2007.51 Television was not invented in Vermont, but when it arrived on the scene many Vermonters were eager to experiment with the new technology. George Dilley, owner of a radio store in St. Johnsbury, was one of them. He carried this Hallicrafter television - reportedly one of the first in Vermont - to the top of Burke Mountain in an attempt to get a signal strong enough watch a Boston Braves game in July 1948. He was partially successful; he and his family could hear the baseball game, but the picture that came through was of a trapeze artist at a circus. The baseball game, broadcast from Boston, was crossing paths with a signal from Schenectady, NY on the same channel.
Name/Title
Television
Entry/Object ID
2007.51
Description
Gray and black metal television with a small glass screen on the front. The rectangular screen is placed behind a round, slightly convex piece of glass set into the proper left side of the machine. The top half of the front as well as the body is covered in silver metal punched throughout with small holes to allow both sound from the speakers and heat from the machine to escape. The lower half of the front panel is black metal with three large openings for knobs (now missing) and fourteen small openings for knobs (still in place). The front is labeled in two places with the manufacturer's logo and name, "the hallicrafters co."
Context
Used by George Dilley in his first and second attempts to watch TV atop Burke Mountain; described as one of the first televisions in Vermont. Vermont did not have a TV Station/Signal until 1954 when WCAX built the first transmitter atop Mt. Mansfield.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2007.51
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
The Hallicrafters Company
1948
20th Century
Chicago
Materials
Metal, Glass, Plastic
Relationships
Dilley, George
Burke, Burke Mountain, St. Johnsbury
Theodolite
Interpretative Labels
Theodolite, 1898-1982 Buff & Buff Manufacturing Company Boston, MA Metal, glass, wood Gift of the Vermont Agency of Transportation, 2011.6.1 Theodolites are surveyor’s tools, meant to measure the angle between two points – one on a vertical plane and one on a horizontal plane. They are crucial when taking precise measurements of a varying landscape, allowing for further mathematics that can lead to a more precise picture of a specific area. Theodolites date to at least the 16th century, and the word origin is unknown. The modern theodolite first appeared in 1725. This theodolite, in itself a complicated and essential piece of technology, contributed to another technology story in the history of Vermont: it was used by the Vermont Agency of Transportation while laying out the interstate system, beginning in the 1960s. Interstate construction in Vermont was sparked by the Federal Highway Act of 1956, and continued for another 20 years. (Arguably, it is still unfinished.) In total, 351 miles of highway were built in Vermont, changing the physical, cultural, and economic landscape of the state permanently. Better, faster travel to and from Vermont brought mixed blessings, opening the state up economically but permanently impacting the communities through which the highways traveled – and the communities it bypassed.
Name/Title
Theodolite
Entry/Object ID
2011.6.1.1
Description
Metal theodolite, a device used to measure angles between points on a horizontal and vertical plane.
Central telescope attached to a central rod that can be turned by use of a wheel on one side. The rod is mounted on four metal legs that rest on a flat disc. On that disc are a two levels and a compass, all made of metal and glass.

On the compass is the inscription “BUFF & BUFF MFG CO / 31596 / BOSTON” as well as the directional indications for E, W, and S. There is no north, indicated instead by a stylized diamond and fleur-de-lis design with “BUFF” in the center.

The disc rests on more metal legs that rest on another disc, which is attached to a wooden base. All are adjustable so the central telescope can move in any possible direction. The wooden base rests on a wooden tripod.
Use
Used to measure horizontal and vertical angles.
Context
Used by the Vermont Agency of Transportation while laying out the interstate highway system.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.6
Source or Donor
Vermont Agency of Transportation
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of the Vermont Agency of Transportation
Made or Created
Buff & Buff Manufacturing Company
1898-1982
Boston
Materials
Brass, Glass, Wood, Metal
Relationships
Vermont Agency of Transportation
Vermont
Tool
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Tool
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.120
Description
Metal tip, use unknown. It is 5-sided and tapers into a straight point that is flat (similar to the head of a screwdriver). There are two protrusions on one side, possibly to attach it to a handle.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Trinket Box
Name/Title
Trinket Box
Entry/Object ID
1957.25.58
Description
Small carved wooden box. The sides are carved with art nouveau daffodils over a roughly carved and burned ground. The center of the lid has a carved and painted green monogram of the initials HGR. The inside is decoratively burned into a basket weave patter.
Context
Owned by Harold Goddard Rugg in Harland, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1957.25
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Hartland
Trivet
Interpretative Labels
Trivet Students at the College Moderne et Technique Monceau-les-Mines, France Metal Gift of the State of Vermont, 1964.63.64 In 1949, the French people shipped 49 boxcars filled with tokens of gratitude for the trainloads of food, clothing, and medicine that the United States had sent in 1947 to assist France's recovery following World War II. The "Merci Train," a response to the "American Friendship Train," arrived in February. There was an antique boxcar full of gifts and messages for each of the 48 states, plus one for Hawaii and the District of Columbia to share. Vermont's boxcar arrived in the state aboard a flatbed car on February 9. It made short stops in Brattleboro, Bellows Falls, and White River Junction on its way to Montpelier. The official welcoming ceremony took place on February 10, and included Governor Ernest W. Gibson Jr. and Count Max de Montalembert, the French vice-consul in Boston. Bermont's boxcar contained hundreds of items--dolls, toys, paintings, crafts, pencil boxes, embroidered collars, wooden puppets, ornamental fans, paintings, vases, trinkets, books, cards, and letters. Some of the artwork was given to the Fleming Museum at the University of Vermont in Burlington, some French books to Middlebury College, and individual items were sent via legislators to towns and libraries throughout the state. The remainder--nearly 200 items--has been in the custody of and stored at the Vermont Historical Society. Pieces from the collection have been displayed twice since they arrived in that boxcar 70 years ago--in the 1950s and in 1988.
Name/Title
Trivet
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.64
Description
Eight-sided, metal trivet with four legs. The surface is punched with holes that make a picture of a butterfly. Two notes accompany the piece: one giving the origin of the piece and another asking to establish correspondence between the young makers and young Americans.
Context
Made in a class of 12 year olds at the College Moderne et Technique and given to the State of Vermont by the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1964.63
Source or Donor
France
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
College Moderne et Technique de Montceau-les-Mines
Saône-et-Loire
Materials
Metal
Trunk
Name/Title
Trunk
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.233
Description
Traveling box or trunk. The box is covered in leather, decoratively held in place with brass tacks. The center top has a short leather handle, around which are tacks arranged in an oval, and the initials "A. D. H." The center front has a rectangular iron escutcheon covering a locking mechanism.
Context
Owned by Albert David Hager, state geologist for Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1957.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Wood, Leather, Brass, Iron
Relationships
Hager, Albert David (1817-1888)
Chester
Tufting Machine
Interpretative Labels
Tufting Machine, c.1892 Star Manufacturing Company Washington, PA Brass, steel, wood Transfer from Barre Historical Society, 2014.60.269 “Tufting” is a textile-making technique in which threads are punched through a base fabric, leaving a loop on one side and two loose ends on the other side. The technique is ancient, and frequently used to make thicker or warmer materials or garments, such as mittens. Contrasting colors can create patterns both on the tufted, or looped, side and the loose end side. Over time, the loose ends often felt together to create a dense, thick layer. Tufting is also commonly used in carpet-making. This tufting machine takes a practice that would have been physically tiring and time-consuming and mechanizes it. The kit comes with a variety of different needle sizes for use with thread or yarn, to adjust the density of the final product. Turning the handle would raise and lower the needle, punching in and out of the fabric repeatedly and – with experienced use – quickly.
Name/Title
Tufting Machine
Entry/Object ID
2014.60.269a-j
Description
A 9.5" long tool with a 3.5"x1.125"x0.625" black enameled handle. A wooden handled crank which turns an arm is set in the center of the tool The movement drives one of four adjustable hollow tubes. The tool is contained within a red cardboard box along with three additional needles, three pattern gauges, and a threading wire.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2014.60
Source or Donor
Barre Historical Society, Inc.
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
Star Manufacturing Company
1892
Washington
Materials
Wood, Enamel, Metal, Paperboard
Wedge
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Wedge
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.106
Description
Metal wedge, possible for splitting wood. The wedge consists of a round head tapering down to a square end.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Wedge
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Wedge
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.107
Description
Metal wedge, likely for splitting wood. The wedge consists of a round head tapering to a square end.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Wheel
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Wheel
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.101
Description
Metal pulley wheel. The wheel is in a metal mount with two holes for attaching it to something. The wheel has cutouts and a groove to hold the rope on the wheel itself.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Whetstone
Interpretative Labels
Whetstone, 1890-1938 Victor In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Whetstone
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.124
Description
Sharpening stone, rectangular, reddish-brown tint with "Victor" carved into on one end.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Stone
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Whetstone
Name/Title
Whetstone
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.125
Description
Rectangular whetstone with a gold label sticker reading, "Aloxite Reenforced Scythe Stone No. 188 R, Mfd. By the Carborundum Co., Niagara Falls, N.Y."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Niagara Falls
Materials
Stone
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
Whetstone
Name/Title
Whetstone
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.126
Description
Sharpening stone, rectangular, reddish-brown with one corner broken off.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Stone
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
Whetstone
Name/Title
Whetstone
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.127
Description
Sharpening stone, rectangular, clay-color, with "NORTON" on one end
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Stone
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Vermont State House
Whetstone
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Whetstone
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.103
Description
Rectangular sharpening stone with one corner broken off.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Stone
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Wire Cutter
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Wire Cutter
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.96
Description
Metal wirecutters with a spring between the handles. The manufacturer's mark ont he head reads, "Kraeuter/2612-6 1/2" and the other side shows "U.S.A."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
Kraeuter
1890-1938
United States of America
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier
Wrench
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Wrench
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.104
Description
Black metal wrench with a loop at the end of the handle and a square jaw.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.10
Source or Donor
McChesney, David
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of David McChesney
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Montpelier

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