Objects - Tools, Farm, and Home

Here you'll find the tools and materials of everyday life at home, at work, and at the farm. From kitchen scales and radios to ice saws and scythes, find everything that made life a little different.

Search This Category
Return to Folder List
Animal Brand
Name/Title
Animal Brand
Entry/Object ID
1942.9
Description
Wooden block carved into the letters "C.P" in reverse, similar to a stamp. A wooden handle protrudes from the other side.
Use
Used to brand livestock
Context
Owned by Calvin Peabody of Topsham, Vermont
Acquisition
1942.9
Made or Created
1866
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Peabody, Calvin C. (1836-1906)
Related Place
Town
Topsham
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Animal Brand
Interpretative Labels
Sheep Brands, c. 1850 Wood #1929.9.1a-c Sheared sheep were often marked with their owner’s initials by applying paint with wooden or metal brands.
Name/Title
Animal Brand
Entry/Object ID
1929.9.1a-c
Description
Three wooden brander carved into the letters H, E, and G. The handles are cut with the mark, "H B Lord". They appear to be unused.
Use
Used to mark livestock to indicate ownership
Acquisition
1929.9
Made or Created
circa 1850
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Apple Peeler
Interpretative Labels
Apple Peeler, 1825 Russell Hoyt Craftsbury, VT Wood, metal Gift of Clara Lucena Buswell, 1972.3.2 Apples have always been a core food product for Vermont, and many uses of apples require them to be peeled and cored. Introducing a mechanical device to the process speeds things up considerably, reducing the tedium of the task and preserving more of the apple’s flesh. There are dozens of potential variations on mechanical parers, including many commercially made variations (see 2014.60.1033 in this same exhibition). This apple parer is homemade and quite simple. It only performs one part of the process: turning the apple. The user would secure the long board part – possibly with clamps or possibly by sitting on it – and stick the apple onto the turning arm. Twirling the lever then rotates the apple, while the user would hold a knife steady to remove the peel. Notably, the tine where the apple would be stuck appears to be a repurposed kitchen implement. Russell Hoyt of Craftsbury made this apple parer sometime in the 19th century, and passed it down through his family.
Name/Title
Apple Peeler
Entry/Object ID
1972.3.2
Description
Flat wooden board that narrows slightly at one end. On that narrower end are two pieces of wood carved to arch over another wooden cylinder. The two pieces are attached to the board with metal nails at either end.

The wooden cylinder has a handle at one end and metal tines at the other that appears to have been made from a dining fork.
Context
Made and used by Russell Hoyt of Craftsbury, VT
Acquisition
1972.3
Made or Created
Artist
Hoyt, Russell (1805-1890)
1825
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Apple Peeler
Interpretative Labels
Apple Peeler, circa 1856 Horatio Keyes (1830-1904) Leominster, MA Cast iron, steel Barre History Collection, #2014.60.1033 Apples have always been a core food product for Vermont, and many uses of apples require them to be peeled and cored. Introducing a mechanical device to the process speeds things up considerably, reducing the tedium of the task and preserving more of the apple’s flesh. There are dozens of potential variations on mechanical parers, including many homemade variations (see 1972.3.2 in this same exhibition), but this variation, patented by Horatio Keyes in 1856, introduced the idea of moving the paring arm around the apple via a geared turntable, a huge leap forward in speed and convenience.
Name/Title
Apple Peeler
Entry/Object ID
2014.60.1033
Description
Metal device known as an apple peeler or parer.

On one end, a vise with a wingnut screw holds the device to a flat surface such as a table or counter. On the side a wooden handle turns a large gear. That gear is connected via two more gears to a center column on a spring, with a horizontal blade at the end. It is also connected to a central shaft at the top of the parer with a three-pronged end.

On the base gear, from which the center column extends, is written “Patented – By H. Keyes June 17 & Dec. 16, 1856.”

When the handle is turned, it activates both the blade and the pronged end. An apple held on the pronged end would rotate around its core while the central blade would move to peel different parts of the apple on a cycle.
Context
Patented and produced by Horatio Keyes in Leominster, MA, 1856-1857.
Acquisition
2014.60
Made or Created
Keyes, Horatio J. (1830-1904)
circa 1856
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Ashtray
Name/Title
Ashtray
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.31a-e
Description
Ashtray in the shape of a birdbath. The base of the ashtray is turned wood in the shape of a stem glass or pedestal and is printed with the words, "Beach Have, N. J." A small, clear glass dish fits into the top of the base. Two blue-painted wooden birds sit on the edge of the base piece, attaching with small wooden dowels. The ashtray is in its original box, which is printed on the side with an image of a maple leaf and the label, "Newtco MAPLYNE". The top is printed in black with rectangles blocking the original red label, and the black words, "1 Pc. No. 948 BIRD BATH ASH TRAY".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Glass, Cardboard
Ashtray
Name/Title
Ashtray
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.37ab
Description
Small ashtray consisting of a shallow glass dish set into a round wooden stand. The stand has spokes evenly placed around the edge to look like a ship's wheel. The stand is on three peg feet, turned in the same way as the spokes.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1d
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1e
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1f
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made or Created
1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1g
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made or Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1h
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made or Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1j
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and short metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made or Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1k
Description
Awl with turned wooden handle and straight metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made or Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1975.34a-e
Description
Set of five awls, each with turned wooden handle and slightly curved metal spikes.
Acquisition
1975.34
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Iron
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1982.15.1ab
Description
Harness maker's awl with a hollow, turned wood handle. The end of the handle unscrews and holds five interchangeable tips, one of which is a screwdriver.
Context
Used in Randolph, Vermont
Acquisition
1982.15
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1982.15.2
Description
Short-spiked awl with turned own handle. The end of the handle is reinforced with a metal ring.
Context
Used in Randolph, Vermont
Acquisition
1982.15
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1982.15.3
Description
Harness maker's awl with a turned wooden handle. The handle flares outward to the end and is molded with indent, creating a knob on the end. The tip is set almost perpendicularly into the handle, and the end is curved.
Context
Used in Randolph, Vermont
Acquisition
1982.15
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl Bits
Name/Title
Awl Bits
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1m
Description
Box contains seven Awl bits and 30 metal shoe pegs.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made or Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Ax
Name/Title
Ax
Entry/Object ID
1992.42
Description
Double-bitted axe with wooden handle. The blade is sharpened on both sides with the handle inserted in the center. The far end of the handle flares out.
Context
Made by the Rixford Company of East Highgate, Vermont. Owned by William Osgood of Shelburn, Vermont.
Acquisition
1992.42
Made or Created
Rixford's Scythes and Axes
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Shelburne
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Ax
Name/Title
Ax
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.15
Description
Single bitted steel axe with wooden handle marked "R37/ RIXFORD /3"
Context
Made in Highgate, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made or Created
Rixford's Scythes and Axes
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Baby Carriage
Name/Title
Baby Carriage
Entry/Object ID
1971.11.3
Description
Silver-painted wicker baby carriage. The body of the carriage is formed from wicker, both woven and bent and curlicues. There is an padded seat toward the back of the body, with tufted upholstery in gold silk damask. There are four, large wheels. A large lace umbrella attaches to the carriage and back right, shielding the passenger from sunlight.
Context
Used to push Warren Bailey Lowe in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1971.11
Made or Created
circa 1895
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall (no umbrella)
Materials
Wood, Wicker, Silk, Silk, Lace, Metal
Relationships
Lowe, Warren Bailey (1895-1968)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Balance
Name/Title
Balance
Entry/Object ID
2021.28.1
Description
Balance scale consisting of a horizontal bar balanced on two vertical supports. The base is shaped like an arrowhead. A round, wire holder hangs from a hook on one end of the bar. The center of the bar is marked with hash lines.
Context
Made by Fairbanks Scales in St. Johnsbury, Vermont
Acquisition
2021.28
Made or Created
Fairbanks Scales
1878
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Bale Markers
Name/Title
Bale Markers
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.33a-y
Description
25 metal bale markers. The markers are small metal circles, each stamped with a number or initials.
Use
Used to mark freight during shipment on trains
Context
Marked with station codes of train stations within and surrounding Vermont
Acquisition
2021.5
Lexicon
Materials
Lead
Bale Seal
Name/Title
Bale Seal
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.11
Description
Round metal disk with the number 116 impressed in the center.
Acquisition
2017.3
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Ballpoint Pen
Name/Title
Ballpoint Pen
Entry/Object ID
2000.19.8
Description
Blue and white retractable ballpoint pen with white lettering that reads, "Trinity College of Vermont".
Context
Made for Trinity College of Vermont, a college in Burlington, Vermont, from 1925 to 2000.
Acquisition
2000.19
Made or Created
2000
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic
Relationships
Trinity College of Vermont
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Band Saw
Name/Title
Band Saw
Entry/Object ID
1976.14.1
Description
Large wooden band saw. The saw sits on a wooden base with holes to bolt to the floor. There are two wheels above and below the work table that move the band saw blade. The side is stenciled with the words, "Mfg by F. Grout, Derby, VT. Patent applied for."
Context
Made by B. F. Grout in Derby, Vermont
Acquisition
1976.14
Made or Created
B. F. Grout
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Iron
Bandbox
Name/Title
Bandbox
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.172
Description
Wooden bandbox with lid that comes off. Writing on the top says it was sent by a couple from Carolles, which is located on the northern coast of France. The lid has come apart.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Bandbox
Name/Title
Bandbox
Entry/Object ID
1972.28.16ab
Description
Round box with removable lid. The box is covered in wallpaper printed with a blue and white floral border design. The center top of the lid has an oval 3/4-length portrait of a man wearing a suit. The interior of the lid is lined with a newspaper dated 1863.
Context
Owned by Melvina Angeline Smith Maxham in Middlesex, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.28
Made or Created
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cardboard, Paper
Relationships
Maxham, Melvina Angeline Smith (1839-1907)
,
Bandbox
Name/Title
Bandbox
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.208a-b
Description
Oval bandbox covered in printed wallpaper. The wallpaper is printed with a maple leaf pattern in green, red, and orange.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1983.12.1a-b
Description
Covered basket made in the Abenaki tradition. It has slightly flared sides and a deep lid. A row of cowis (3 dimensional woven curls) is around the bottom, and another double row about midway up the basket. The cover also has a double row of cowis. The basket has a solid ash handle, about 1/2" wide. The inside rim of basket shows a single row of purple dyed ash.
Context
Made by an unrecorded Abenaki artisan, and owned by Carroll White in South Walden, VT
Acquisition
1983.12
Made or Created
1865-1900
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
White, Carroll Henry (1876-1934)
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1921.1
Description
Round birchbark basket. The basket is formed from a single piece of birchbark, stitched in four seams to form a bowl. The edge is whip stitched. It is coated in a modern varnished that is yellowed.
Context
Said to have belonged to Ira Allen.
Acquisition
1921.1
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Birch
Relationships
Allen, Ira (1751-1814)
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.1
Description
Rectangular basket made from thin wooden splints. The basket is stamped around the top and bottom with a quatrefoil design, and one splint near the top is dyed blue.
Context
Made in Vernon, Vermont
Acquisition
2017.3
Made or Created
circa 1840
Ethnography
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.2
Description
Basket with a round top and square bottom. The basket is made from thin splints of wood in varying width, and the outside is decorated with woven loops, or cowis. It is signed in ink on the bottom, "Leland Krook/Sept 1903".
Context
Made by Leland Krook in Vermont in 1903.
Acquisition
2017.3
Made or Created
Artist
Krook, Leland
Sep 1903
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.3
Description
Round basket with deep, round cover. The basket is made from thin splints of wood in consistent widths with a row of woven loops, or cowis, decorating the center. The basket is dated in ink on the bottom, "June 1943".
Context
Made a member of the LaPan in Vermont in 1943.
Acquisition
2017.3
Made or Created
Jun 1943
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Basket, 1840-1860 Abenaki Cambridge, Vermont Ash Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman, #2017.3.4 Vermont Abenaki families from ancient Indigenous communities such as Missisquoi and Koas, as well as from smaller and more dispersed enclaves in the northeastern and southeastern parts of the state, were extremely important to early 19th century Vermont commerce and transportation. Travel in the summer on lakes and rivers took place in locally produced bark canoes, while winter journeys were often made on snowshoes while pulling bentwood toboggans built by Abenaki. Indigenous-made utilitarian and decorative ash splint baskets held everything from produce to bonnets and could be found for sale in many general stores.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.4
Description
Long, rectangular basket woven from thin wooden splints. The splints are narrow and the top and bottom of the basket, with two wide splits running along the center. The wide splints are painted with an alternating pattern of a green leaf and a pink and yellow arch.
Context
Made in Cambridge, Vermont
Acquisition
2017.3
Made or Created
1840-1860
Ethnography
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2004.18.1a-b
Description
Round basket and lid woven from split and plaited sweetgrass. The Lid is woven in alternating sections of black-dyed weavers and plaited sweetgrass with six splint loops at the center. The basket is made of black-dyed splint weavers at the bottom and plaited sweetgrass at the top.
Context
Owned by the Martin and Johnson families of Plainfield, Vermont
Acquisition
2004.18
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Sweetgrass, Wood
Relationships
Dole, Sylvia Johnson (1940-2008)
Related Place
Town
Plainfield
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2004.18.2
Description
Round splint basket accented with sweetgrass. The basket has red and blue dyed weavers, worked in 1/3 and 2/3 of the way down the basket. There are two plaited handles on either side that are tied together with a piece of jute.
Acquisition
2004.18
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dole, Sylvia Johnson (1940-2008)
Related Place
Town
Plainfield
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2013.4.3
Description
Ash splint basket decorated all over the exterior with red-dyed curl work. The top part of the basket is round, and it sits on a square base. The shoulder between the upper portion and the base is reinforced with the use of narrower weavers. The rim is lashed with 1/4"-wide splint. There is a penciled "X" at the center bottom and pencil lines radiating outward from the center to each of the four sides of the base.
Context
Attributed to Seymour L. Morehouse of Westford, Vermont
Acquisition
2013.4
Made or Created
Artist
Morehouse, Seymour Lamson (1822-1908)
Attribution
Attributed to
circa 1895
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Splint
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2009.47
Description
Splint basket with rounded sides pulling in a bit at the top. The rim is two half round pieces of wood that sandwich the top of the stakes. It is lashed with 1/4" wide splint. There are two elongated metal "U" shaped pieces that are tightly lashed into the rim on opposite sides of the round top. The rounded bottoms stick up above the rim and lower legs fold over the bottom of the rim. The metal bail handle loops into the "U". The basket's ribs (20x2) are narrower at the bottom and top and wider in the middle giving the basket a round shape. Written in pencil on the bottom of the basket is the inscription "Seymour Lamson Morehouse / Westford Vermont / His Make"
Context
Made by Seymour Lamson Morehouse in Westford, Vermont
Acquisition
2009.47
Made or Created
Artist
Morehouse, Seymour Lamson (1822-1908)
1880-1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint, Metal
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1976.10.11
Description
Brown ash basket with attached cover and rigid upright handle.
Context
Owned by Ebenezer and Rozell Huntoon Peaslee, likely in New Hampshire
Acquisition
1976.10
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
Peaslee, Rozill A. Huntoon (1819-1902), Peaslee, Ebenezer (1816-1859)
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1973.12.1
Description
Small, round basket made of brown ash splints with a wooden handle. The edge is reinforced with bent wood strips nailed on the interior and exterior. The outside of the rim and center bottom rib are marked "P-2-41 / 200" in pencil.
Context
Made by Bell Sweetser Perry of Waterbury, Vermont
Acquisition
1973.12
Made or Created
Artist
Perry, Ida Belle Sweetser (1891-1985)
1918
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
,
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1973.12.2
Description
Half bushel basket made of brown ash splint. The basket has a wooden handle that can swivel on two u-shaped wooden pieces.
Use
Belle Sweetser used this basket for the "baby wash".
Context
Made by Sam Sweetser as a wedding gift to Belle Sweetser and Sam Perry in Waterbury, Vermont, 1909.
Acquisition
1973.12
Made or Created
Artist
Sweetser, Sam
1909
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
Perry, Ida Belle Sweetser (1891-1985)
Related Place
Town
Stowe
County
Lamoille County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.26.3
Description
Oval basket with cover. The cover is hinged with two small strips of willow. The basket sides and the center of the lid are decorated with woven loops, or cowis.
Context
Owned by Katie Allen Vail of Danby, Vermont.
Acquisition
1975.26
Made or Created
1872
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Vail, Katie Allen
Related Place
Town
Danby
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.496
Description
Tall basket of woven birch bark. The base of the basket is square while the opening is round.
Context
Made by Anna Miettinen in Bethel, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.496
Made or Created
Artist
Miettinen, Anna
circa 1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Birch
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1986.16.1a-b
Description
Splint basket with two handles and a cover. The basket flares out in the middle and again slightly at the top. It has a rectangular cover and base. The center line of the basket and the sides of the cover are decorated with woven loops or cowis. The two handles attach to large loops, allowing them to move. The interior is marked, "HGA" and "HG Allen".
Acquisition
1986.16
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1982.5.1a-b
Description
Urn-shaped basket of woven brown ash split. The body of the basket is very narrow at the base, flaring outward dramatically to the top quarter, the curving back inward. The lid is a shallow round, significantly larger than the basket's opening. The rigid, stationery handle attaches to the basket at the widest point.
Context
Made by Newton Everett Washburn of Stowe, Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.5
Made or Created
Artist
Washburn, Newton Everett (1915-2011)
1982
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2014.31.1
Description
Rectangular basket with a solid wooden base and flaring sides. The sides are woven from round reeds and topped with a plait of reeds. The vertical ribs are inserted into holes drilled through the base. There is a paper label on the bottom of the basket that reads, "ARTICLE NO . . . . . From S. B. SMITH. Manufacturer of Reed AND Rattan Chairs, Montpelier, Vermont.
Context
Made by S. B. Smith in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
2014.31
Made or Created
S. B. Smith
1890-1910
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Reed
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2014.31.2
Description
Rectangular basket with a solid wooden base and flaring sides. The sides are woven from round reeds and topped with a plait of reeds. The vertical ribs are inserted into holes drilled through the base.
Context
Made by S. B. Smith in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
2014.31
Made or Created
S. B. Smith
1890-1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Reed, Wood
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Abenaki Basket, Early 20th Century Addison County Ash Museum Purchase, #1990.33.1 Abenakis lived in communities throughout Vermont with village centers at Swanton and Highgate. They continued to maintain cultural identity and tradition in the face of new history publications that falsely erased them from the historical record and programs such as the Eugenics Survey that sought to remove them physically from the general population. Abenaki people long participated in Vermont’s economy through the sale of goods and services. Some of the most iconic and recognizable goods included baskets, snowshoes, and canoes. The Sweetser family of Morrisville, with their unique baskets of a blended Abenaki and European design, went from local to national renown when wealthy tourists and collectors sought their products. The Obomsawin family, headed by patriarch Simon, made a name for themselves selling handcrafts to tourists visiting the exclusive Cedar Beach resort community on Lake Champlain. Abenaki throughout the region sold traditional goods and served as guides for fishermen and hunters in the Green and White Mountains, and Quebec. To externally express an “Indian” identity, some Abenaki adopted dress based on that of Western Indians as this imagery was most recognizable to non-Abenaki residents and visitors.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.1
Description
Abenaki-style basket with three rows of curls or cowis on the sides. The basket is formed into a square, with narrow weavers toward the base and three wide weavers forming the bulk of the sides. The top edge is reinforced with thicker splint. The cowis were red but are now faded on the exterior.
Context
Made by an unrecorded Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
1990.33
Made or Created
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.2
Description
Round coiled basket made of pine needles. The basket is filled with miscellaneous material, included spools of thread, buttons, plastic charms, a pencil, paper hearts, a money clip, and metal Red Cross clip-on buttons.
Context
Made by an unidentified Abenaki craftsperson in Addison County, Vermont
Acquisition
1990.33
Made or Created
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Raffia, Pine
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Abenaki Basket, Early 20th Century Addison County Sweetgrass Museum Purchase, #1990.33.3 Abenakis lived in communities throughout Vermont with village centers at Swanton and Highgate. They continued to maintain cultural identity and tradition in the face of new history publications that falsely erased them from the historical record and programs such as the Eugenics Survey that sought to remove them physically from the general population. Abenaki people long participated in Vermont’s economy through the sale of goods and services. Some of the most iconic and recognizable goods included baskets, snowshoes, and canoes. The Sweetser family of Morrisville, with their unique baskets of a blended Abenaki and European design, went from local to national renown when wealthy tourists and collectors sought their products. The Obomsawin family, headed by patriarch Simon, made a name for themselves selling handcrafts to tourists visiting the exclusive Cedar Beach resort community on Lake Champlain. Abenaki throughout the region sold traditional goods and served as guides for fishermen and hunters in the Green and White Mountains, and Quebec. To externally express an “Indian” identity, some Abenaki adopted dress based on that of Western Indians as this imagery was most recognizable to non-Abenaki residents and visitors.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.3a-b
Description
Square sweetgrass and splint basket. The splines and some weavers have been dyed red. Halfway up the sides of the basket are rows splint weavers creating a 3/4-inch stripe. The lid also has a 3/4"-inch stripe of red splint weavers across the center. The handle is braided sweetgrass that is anchored on both ends with loops of sweetgrass attaching back at the anchor. The edges are bound bundles of sweetgrass attached with a narrow red splint. The contents of basket include ribbon sewn into a pocket/sachet, embroidery floss, a lace medallion, a ring box, tissue paper, plastic, crocheted lace, ribbon and more.
Context
Made by an unrecorded Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
1990.33
Made or Created
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Sweetgrass, Ash Splint
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Abenaki Basket, Early 20th Century Addison County Ash, sweetgrass Museum Purchase, #1990.33.4 Abenakis lived in communities throughout Vermont with village centers at Swanton and Highgate. They continued to maintain cultural identity and tradition in the face of new history publications that falsely erased them from the historical record and programs such as the Eugenics Survey that sought to remove them physically from the general population. Abenaki people long participated in Vermont’s economy through the sale of goods and services. Some of the most iconic and recognizable goods included baskets, snowshoes, and canoes. The Sweetser family of Morrisville, with their unique baskets of a blended Abenaki and European design, went from local to national renown when wealthy tourists and collectors sought their products. The Obomsawin family, headed by patriarch Simon, made a name for themselves selling handcrafts to tourists visiting the exclusive Cedar Beach resort community on Lake Champlain. Abenaki throughout the region sold traditional goods and served as guides for fishermen and hunters in the Green and White Mountains, and Quebec. To externally express an “Indian” identity, some Abenaki adopted dress based on that of Western Indians as this imagery was most recognizable to non-Abenaki residents and visitors.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.4a-b
Description
Small splint and sweetgrass basket. The sides of the basket are decorated with splint loops, or cowis. The splines were dark green (color visible on the bottom and interior) but have faded significantly. The round lid or cover is all sweetgrass woven through very narrow splint splines.

The basket was given with its contents, which include: hairpins, mother of pearl buttons, seashells, straight pins, a small button reading "The Kings Business", and other miscellania.
Context
Made by an unnamed Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont.
Acquisition
1990.33
Made or Created
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Sweetgrass, Ash Splint
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Abenaki Basket, Early 20th Century Addison County Ash, sweetgrass Museum Purchase, #1990.33.5 Abenakis lived in communities throughout Vermont with village centers at Swanton and Highgate. They continued to maintain cultural identity and tradition in the face of new history publications that falsely erased them from the historical record and programs such as the Eugenics Survey that sought to remove them physically from the general population. Abenaki people long participated in Vermont’s economy through the sale of goods and services. Some of the most iconic and recognizable goods included baskets, snowshoes, and canoes. The Sweetser family of Morrisville, with their unique baskets of a blended Abenaki and European design, went from local to national renown when wealthy tourists and collectors sought their products. The Obomsawin family, headed by patriarch Simon, made a name for themselves selling handcrafts to tourists visiting the exclusive Cedar Beach resort community on Lake Champlain. Abenaki throughout the region sold traditional goods and served as guides for fishermen and hunters in the Green and White Mountains, and Quebec. To externally express an “Indian” identity, some Abenaki adopted dress based on that of Western Indians as this imagery was most recognizable to non-Abenaki residents and visitors.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.5a-b
Description
Small sweetgrass basket and cover. Both the round basket and round cover are sweetgrass woven around purple-dyed splints. An additional purple-dyed splint reinforces the basket's opening. The central loop of the lid was once purple, but has significantly faded.
Context
Made by an unnamed Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
1990.33
Made or Created
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Sweetgrass, Ash Splint
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Gertrude Lepine of Morrisville recalled that her mother, Imelda lepine, traded a pair of mittens she knitted with Frank Sweetser for this basket. The Sweetser family of Waterbury was a prolific basket-making family. At least three generations of the family wove baskets during the winter and then sold them in and around Morristown, Stowe, and Waterbury. Oral and written history from the Sweetsers document that Gilman Sweetser was "part Indian" and he married Lydia Hall a Abenakis Indian. John Sweetser said that it was his grandfather Gilman, "that showed the whole of us how to make baskets." In addition to this basket VHS owns examples made by John Sweetser and by father and daughter, Samuel Sweetser and Belle Sweetser Perry, John's uncle and cousin.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2010.71
Description
Round basket with a square base and bale handle. The basket is woven with flat pieces of wood (splits) and has stripes in green and red. The rim around the top is nailed, as is the handle.
Context
Made by Frank Sweetser of Morrisville, VT in exchange for a pair of mittens made by Imelda Lepine.
Acquisition
2010.71
Made or Created
Sweetser, Frank R. (1888-1950)
1930-1950
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Lepine, Imelda R. (1899-1994), Sweetser, Frank R. (1888-1950)
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2011.16
Description
Large basket with Sweetser-style bottom. The basket is woven of wooden splints, and the top edge is reinforced with nailed-on splits at both the exterior and interior. There are two U-shaped handles on either side of the rim.
Context
Likely made by a member of the Sweetser family
Acquisition
2011.16
Made or Created
1920-1930
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
,
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1960.6.3
Description
Oval-shaped wicker basket. The basket is woven of groups of 7 wicker reeds held in a plain weave, giving a scalloped effect to the top edge.
Context
Used on Governor Samuel Craft's desk
Acquisition
1960.6
Made or Created
circa 1828
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wicker
Relationships
Crafts, Samuel Chandler (1768-1853)
,
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.500
Description
Double-welled basket made of pine roots and branches. The basket has a stationary wooden handle across the top.
Context
Made by August Keen of Stowe, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.500
Made or Created
Artist
Keen, August
circa 1940
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Pine
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2021.32.1a-b
Description
Large bushel basket with Sweetser-style bottom. The bottom is woven of wooden splints, and the top edge is reinforced with multiple splints wrapped with another narrow splint. Where the splint wrapping is missing, it has been replaced with wire. One of the U-shaped handles is no longer attached.
Context
Made by a member of the Sweetser family. Owned by a member of the Dopp family in South Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
2021.32
Made or Created
Ethnography
Lexicon
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
Related Place
City
South Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.501
Description
Round-bottomed basket made with pine roots and branches. There is a stationary wooden handle across the top.
Context
Made by August Keen of Stowe, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.501
Made or Created
Keen, August
1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Pine
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1965.24
Description
Round-bodied basket with moveable handle. The basket is formed with U-bent splines.
Context
Owned by Moses Vilas of Johnson, Vermont
Acquisition
1965.24
Made or Created
circa 1855
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Vilas, Moses
Related Place
Town
Johnson
County
Lamoille County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bed Warmer
Name/Title
Bed Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1967.99
Description
Bed warmer, or free stone, made of a large, square piece of soapstone. A heavy-gauge wire is inserted into the sides and bent to form a handle.
Use
Bed warmers such as these would be heated on the stove, then wrapped in flannel and inserted between the sheets to warm up a bed.
Context
Used by the Karl E. Carter family in Corinth, Vermont
Acquisition
1967.99
Made or Created
circa 1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Soapstone, Metal, Metal
Relationships
Carter, Karl E.
Related Place
Town
Corinth
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bed Warmer
Name/Title
Bed Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.175
Description
A bed warmer with a long wooden handle and a metal pan with holes on the top. The lid on the pan opens to allow for inserting whatever would create heat -- coals? rocks?
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Wood
Bed Warmer
Name/Title
Bed Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1921.3
Description
Bed warmer consisting of a round pan and long wooden handle. The pan has an attached lid that hinges open at the handle. The lid is pierced with circles in a pattern of four daisies.
Acquisition
1921.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Bed Warmer
Name/Title
Bed Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1950.24.1
Description
Bed warmer consisting of a mottled, rectangular soapstone block with a wire handle.
Use
After being heating in or near a fire, the stone would have been placed between the sheets of a bed prior to a person going to bed.
Acquisition
1950.24
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Soapstone
Bee Box
Name/Title
Bee Box
Entry/Object ID
1989.21.3
Description
Wooden box with a protruding upper handle. The front of the box has a round hole at the center top and a sliding panel with three finger indentations at the bottom. The left side has a small pull-out drawer with a round wooden knob. The drawer sits under the round hole. The inside of the top sliding panel is signed, "Geo. Pierce". The back of the box is inscribed with three circles.
Context
Made by George Pierce of Waitsfield, Vermont
Acquisition
1989.21
Made or Created
Artist
Pierce, George
1860-1960
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Waitsfield
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Beeswax
Name/Title
Beeswax
Entry/Object ID
1966.15.47
Description
Irregularly shaped lump of beeswax. The wax is incised in several places across the top from waxing thread.
Context
Used in Northfield, Vermont
Acquisition
1966.15
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Northfield
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bell
Name/Title
Bell
Entry/Object ID
1965.27
Description
Large bell held in a cast iron frame. The upper portion of the frame sits in to vertical posts, allowing the bell to be swung by pulling the large handle on the left side. It is molded with the inscription, "Manchester Locomotive". The whole is attached to a square pedestal with the label, "Bell from locomotive "Arthur Tandy", ca. 1890 Montpelier and Wells River Railroad.
Context
From a train on the Montpelier and Wells River Railroad in Vermont.
Acquisition
1965.27
Made or Created
1890-1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Block
Name/Title
Block
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.154
Description
Small rectangular block of light-colored wood with hole in one end, possibly for inserting a file point.; homemade; 3 ½" x ¾".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Blotter
Name/Title
Blotter
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.4
Description
Ink blotter in the shape of a medicine bottle. The blotter shows a green bottle filled with round tablets and a reproduction of the label on a bottle of Lactopeptine tablets. The face has several ink marks, including the word "Rugg" written across the center.
Context
Owned by Harold G. Rugg in Hartford, VT
Acquisition
1958.1
Made or Created
New York Pharmacal Association
20th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Board Game
Name/Title
Board Game
Entry/Object ID
1995.4.2
Description
Benningtonopoly modeled after the Monopoly game. The set consists of a branded box, board, cards, fake money, and round plastic tokens. The game is set up like a traditional Monopoly game, with spaces around the edge of the board representing places in Bennington, Vermont.
Context
Produced as a souvenir for Bennington, Vermont.
Acquisition
1995.4
Made or Created
1995
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Related Place
City
Bennington
County
Bennington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Related Event
Vermont Bicentennial
Bobbin
Name/Title
Bobbin
Entry/Object ID
2020.26.3
Description
Long black bobbin. The bobbin has a metal cap at the top and steps outward to form a cone at the bottom. There are small holes drilled throughout.
Context
Made by Burlington Bobbin Mill in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.26
Made or Created
Burlington Bobbin Mill
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Bobbin
Name/Title
Bobbin
Entry/Object ID
2020.26.4
Description
Cylindrical green bobbin. The bobbin has a brass cap at the top and silver-toned metal base. There are ridges molded into the shaft of the bobbin every 3/4-inch.
Context
Made by Burlington Bobbin Mill in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.26
Made or Created
Burlington Bobbin Mill
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Bolts
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Bolts
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.105a-f
Description
Three bolts and three wingnuts. The bolts have large, flat heads.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bookend
Name/Title
Bookend
Entry/Object ID
1945.6
Description
Carved wooden figure of a man in Philippine warrior dress, consisting of a belt with a long center front panel hanging to the knees. He has a "bowl" haircut. His left hand is pressed against a large shield panel, and his right hand is holding a long-shafted weapon (removable).
Context
Purchased in the Philippines by Miss Fiske while working as a missionary.
Acquisition
1945.6
Made or Created
circa 1935
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Country
Philippines
Continent
Boot Hook
Name/Title
Boot Hook
Entry/Object ID
1924.1a-b
Description
Boot hook consisting of a heavy-gauge metal wire bent into a hook shape and inserted perpendicular to a white bone handle.
Use
Used to help pull on boots.
Acquisition
1924.1
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Boot Stretcher
Name/Title
Boot Stretcher
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.4ab
Description
Two wooden boot stretchers. The stretchers consist of a piece of wood shaped into a curved L with notches at the heel.
Acquisition
1965.20
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Bootjack
Name/Title
Bootjack
Entry/Object ID
1929.3.1
Description
Bootjack formed from a single board of wood. The wood is cut into the shape of a Y, tapering almost to a point at one end and splitting into two points at the other.
Use
Used to help remove boots
Context
Owned by Epaphrus "Bull" Chase
Acquisition
1929.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Chase, Epaphrus "Bull" (1801-1867)
Bottle
Name/Title
Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.121ab
Description
Turned wooden bottle with screw-on lid. The bottle is ink stained around the opening and on the inside of the lid.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Bottle Cover
Name/Title
Bottle Cover
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.120
Description
Wooden bottle cover with glass bottle inside. The cover is turned with four beads around the top and bottom of the bottle. The glass bottle is held in the cover by a screw-on metal lid.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Bottle Cover
Name/Title
Bottle Cover
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.122
Description
Wooden, jug-shaped bottle cover with a glass bottle inside. The bottle is held into the cover with a metal cap. The cover has a chip, which may be from a missing handle.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Bottle Cover
Name/Title
Bottle Cover
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.123a-b
Description
Turned wooden bottle cover with clear glass bottle. The cover has straight sides that taper inward toward the top. The bottom is made from a separate piece that is slightly bulbous. The bottle has straight sides, and the top is molded for a screw-on cap.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.30ab
Description
Wooden trinket box in the shape of a wheelbarrow or wagon. The box has two disk wheels and a peg stand. The side opposite the wheels has a horizontal handle spanning the width. The whole is painted red, and the lid is printed with the words, "Randolph, Vt."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.116ab
Description
Small rectangular box with a sliding lid and a stamp. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.117ab
Description
Small square box with a sliding lid and a stamp. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints. There is a small line carved into the end of the lid to grip while opening. There is a piece of paper inserted into the box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.99ab
Description
Cylindrical, turned wooden box. There is paper label on the top that reads, "AS A [illeg]OIST. NO. 104 USED FOR BICYCLES. NO. 25 TYING HORSES WHILE GROOMING."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1953.18.21a-b
Description
Square wallpaper-covered box. The wall paper is block-printed with red flowers with green foliage and blue-and-red scrolls. The edges of the box and the corners of the lid are edged with a strip of blue paper. The lid is labeled in pencil with "Mrs. Day", and the bottom of the box is labeled, "1938, about 80 years old made by Olive Hale Barton".
Context
Made by Olive Hale Barton of Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.18
Made or Created
Artist
Barton, Olive Hale (1812-1872)
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Paper
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2003.71a-b
Description
Wooden shipping crate. The crate is papered on all sides with decorative floral paper. One side has the label, "MANDARIN L/W FINEST HYSON NO 12 SEUQUA". The top has a small shipping label nailed to the center that reads, "FROM A. S. HYDE. DEALER IN W. I. GOODS AND CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES, TEAS. COFFEE. SPICES. Kerosene Oil and Burning Fluid. NO. 2 DARROW BLOCK, ST. ALBANS, VT." It is hand addressed to "A. Hyde Grinnell East Georgia, Vt."
Context
Shipped from A. S. Hyde of St. Albans, Vermont, to A. Hyde Grinnell of East Georgia, Vermont.
Acquisition
2003.71
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
A. S. Hyde, Grinnell, A. Hyde
,
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1957.25.58
Description
Small carved wooden box. The sides are carved with art nouveau daffodils over a roughly carved and burned ground. The center of the lid has a carved and painted green monogram of the initials HGR. The inside is decoratively burned into a basket weave patter.
Context
Owned by Harold Goddard Rugg in Harland, Vermont
Acquisition
1957.25
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Related Place
Town
Hartland
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.100ab
Description
Cylindrical turned box with lid. The convex box has reeding around the top and base as well as a drilled hole in the lower half. The lid has the inked inscription "Duplicate of sample [illeg] for Vale Co." Inside the box is a paper note saying, "These were made June 4--1900/Both cover and mug [illeg]."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.32ab
Description
Wooden ring box in the shape of an apple. The box is painted red and the words, "Rutland, Vt." are printed on one side. The center of the lid has a brown wooden peg with green fabric leaves. A round, green cardboard tag is attached to the peg with a green string and is printed with the inscription, "A LOSER YOU WILL NEVER BE IF YOU PLACE YOUR RING INSIDE OF ME".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.88ab
Description
Small round ring or pill box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1972.28.15
Description
Rectangular box decorated with a rococo floral design on the top and a print of a building on inside. Above the print are the initials, "L.A."
Context
Owned by Melvina Angeline Smith Maxham of Middlesex, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.28
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cardboard, Paper
Relationships
Maxham, Melvina Angeline Smith (1839-1907)
Related Place
Town
Middlesex
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1972.28.17
Description
Paper covered box with a decorative advertisement for seeds on the lid. Both the box and lid are covered in pink, floral and star printed paper. The top of the lid has an applied advertisement showing a bundle of flowers and strawberries with the inscription, "Vick's Choice Seeds / James Vick, Rochester.
Context
Owned by Melvina Angeline Smith Maxham of Middlesex, Vermont.
Acquisition
1972.28
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cardboard, Paper
Relationships
Maxham, Melvina Angeline Smith (1839-1907)
Related Place
Town
Middlesex
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.119ab
Description
Small rectangular box with a sliding lid and a stamp. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints. One side of the box has a portion of a paper label that reads, "No. 30. RECTAL SUPPOSITORY".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1966.2.10a-b
Description
Rectangular, red-painted wooden box with loose lid and nailed corners. The lid lifts open with no hinges or closing mechanism, indicating the box may have been a shipping container rather than one meant to be regularly used. The top of the lid is framed with narrow, raised boards, though one side is now missing. One of the short ends is painted with either Chinese or Japanese characters running up the left side. A paper label on the same end bears the inked inscription, "HELEN TYLER/HER BOX./Daughter of Royall Tyler/and Laura Britton Keyes/his wife./Died September 18[49]50 aged 4/years."
Context
Used by Helen Tyler of Brattleboro, Vermont
Acquisition
1966.2
Made or Created
1846-1850
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Tyler, Helen (1846-1850)
Related Place
Town
Brattleboro
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.89ab
Description
Cylindrical turned wood box with lid. The box opens near the halfway point.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.38ab
Description
Trinket box in the shape of a woman. The box is cylindrical. The lid is a dome topped with a simplistic figure made of turned pieces of wood: a vasiform peg form the body and head, and two drumstick-shaped pieces form the arms.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1986.7.1
Description
Long, rectangular wooden box with sliding lid and box-jointed corners. The lid bears two pasted-on paper labels: a large, white (now yellowed) label and a small red label. The large label is addressed by hand to "Hon. Chas. Dewey/Montpelier, Vermont" and is printed with the inscription, "BURLINGTON SHIRT CO.,/MANUFACTURERS OF/Shirts, Collars, Cuffs, and Underwear./CUSTOM WORK A SPECIALTY/Burlington . . . Vermont." The smaller label is printed with, "United States & Canada/EXPRESS/Burlington VT."
Use
Used to ship products to customers
Context
Used by Burlington Shirt Company in Burlington, VT to ship goods to Hon. Charles Dewey in Montpelier, VT.
Acquisition
1986.7
Made or Created
Burlington Shirt Company
1910
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dewey, Charles (1828-1905)
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.33ab
Description
Souvenir trinket box in the shape of a teapot. The box is painted white and the lid is painted red. The words, "Beach Haven, N. J.", are printed onto the side.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.90ab
Description
Small round ring or pill box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.91ab
Description
Small round ring or pill box. The top has a paper label that reads, "Composition Powders!" along with instructions and manufacturing information.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.39ab
Description
Trinket box in the shape of a woman. The box is cylindrical. The lid is made of turned pieces of wood: a vasiform peg form the body and head, and two drumstick-shaped pieces form the arms.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.110
Description
Wooden box with finger jointed corners. All four corners, the top, and the bottom, are secured with very heavy glue.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.21
Description
Lens or filter box without lid. The case consists of a round disk covered on the exterior with black leather and lined with purple velvet.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Leather, Silk, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.40ab
Description
Small trinket box in the shape of a man wearing an overcoat. The box is the man's shoulders down, and the lid is the collar and head. There are two small pegs as arms, and he is wearing a hat.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.111
Description
Small wooden box constructed with finger joints and glue. The slide-in lid is missing. The long side of the box has a paper label printed with "ROBINSON'S/Sura-Cuva/FOR/RHEUMATISM/AND/NEURALGIA./A specific for disease arising from an impure and vitiaze state of the blood./Read full directions in Circular."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1944.9.4a-b
Description
Short round bandbox with cover.
Acquisition
1944.9
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1944.9.6a-b
Description
Round wooden box with cover. The box is covered with printed wallpaper, but the pattern is no longer distinguishable.
Acquisition
1944.9
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1947.6.8f
Description
Small rectangular shaped, grey colored box that reads, "Samuel Kidder & Co. Asthmatic Pastilles. Manufactured and Guaranteed by Samuel Kidder & Co. Incorporated Laboratories Established 1804 BOSTON, Mass. U.S.A. " The short sides of the box read, "Sixteen Asthmatic & Fumigating Pastilles"
Context
Owned by John Barrett of Grafton, Vermont
Acquisition
1947.6
Made or Created
Samuel Kidder & Company Incorporated Laboratories
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Barrett, John (1776-1856)
Related Place
Town
Grafton
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1944.9.1
Description
Round wooden box with cover & metal handle. The handle has a turned wooden grip and attaches into metal grommets on either side of the box.
Acquisition
1944.9
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1944.9.2a-b
Description
Round wooden box with cover, no handle.
Acquisition
1944.9
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1944.9.5a-b
Description
Round wooden box with cover.
Acquisition
1944.9
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.112a-c
Description
Small rectangular box with a sliding lid and a stamp. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints. There is a semi-circle carved into the outer end of the box lid to grip while sliding. A used 1-cent stamp printed with an image of Benjamin Franklin is in the box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.82
Description
Small round wooden box. The top has the inked inscription, "2d. T.B. Ass."
Use
Used to hold tuberculosis pills
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.113
Description
Tall-sided, long wooden box with glued corners
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.24.14ab
Description
Cream-colored box printed with the label, "Gray's Department Store Montpelier, Vt." in gothic script.
Context
Owned by William Vroman Mason of Waterbury, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.24
Lexicon
Relationships
Mason, William Vroman (1906-1989), Gray's Department Store
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.114
Description
Wooden box with finger-jointed corners secured with glue.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.115ab
Description
Small rectangular box with a sliding lid. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints. The top of the lid has a paper sticker with the printed inscription, "A. D. BARTER P. O. BOX 185 TELEPHONE 918M 31 1/2 MERCHANTS ROW, RUTLAND, VT." and the penciled inscription, "E P Cushmom Middlebury Vt". There is a purple 3-cent stamp in the corner that is stamped with the words, "RUTLAND VT".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.84ab
Description
Small, turned wood box shaped like a barrel. The box opens at the halfway point.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Brace
Name/Title
Brace
Entry/Object ID
1929.6
Description
Bit brace hand drill. The letters "HX" are on the brass blate near the bit, and the neck is stamped "[illeg]LS. HOL[illeg]".
Context
Used in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
1929.6
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Brass
Brander
Interpretative Labels
Sheep Brands, c. 1850 Wood 1929.9.1d-k Sheared sheep were often marked with their owner’s initials by applying paint with wooden or metal brands.
Name/Title
Brander
Entry/Object ID
1929.9.1d-k
Description
Three wooden brander carved into the numbers 0 through 9 (6 and 9 are the same brand). The handles are cut with the mark, "H B Lord". They appear to be unused.
Acquisition
1929.9
Dimensions
Branding Iron
Name/Title
Branding Iron
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.21
Description
Branding iron with a turned wooden handle. The brand is molded in reverse with the inscription, "E. Phelps, Marlow, N.H."
Acquisition
1944.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Related Place
City
Marlow
State/Province
New Hampshire
Country
United States of America
Continent
Breaking Plow
Name/Title
Breaking Plow
Entry/Object ID
1929.8
Description
Plow consisting of a long horizontal beam attached to a vertical, curved piece of wood. The vertical piece is itself attached to a large, V-shaped blade that sits on the ground.
Context
Used by Clark Stowe in Weybridge, Vermont
Acquisition
1929.8
Made or Created
1790-1810
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Weybridge
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Broadax
Interpretative Labels
Broad Ax, c. 1850 Consider Stebbins Bardwell (1807-1885) Pawlet, Vermont Steel, wood Gift of Dorothy Offensend, #1998.36.1 Consider Bardwell moved to Pawlet, Vermont from Massachusetts in 1842 to take possession of 34 acres of land along the Indian Brook. He made improvements to the property and water-power source to advance his edged-tool manufacturing business. Over time he added more properties to his holdings including a small slate quarry to produce roofing slate. Bardwell produced edged tools from about 1846 to 1867. In addition to owning a slate quarry, which he leased to a third-party operator, he also created the first cooperative creamery in Vermont. Established in 1864 and incorporated by the Vermont Legislature in 1865, the West Pawlet Dairy Association collected surplus milk from area farmers and manufactured butter and cheese for the open market. By the end of 1867 Bardwell stepped back from his various business ventures, ultimately selling his properties in 1869. He retired to a grand brick residence in Granville, New York where he lived until his death in 1885. The site of the creamery in Pawlet is now an award-winning, artisanal cheese facility named after Consider Bardwell.
Name/Title
Broadax
Entry/Object ID
1998.36.1
Description
Broadax with curved blade. The handle curves the same direction as the edge of the blade.
Context
Made by Consider Stebbins Bardwell in West Pawlet, Vermont
Acquisition
1998.36
Made or Created
Bardwell, Consider Stebbins (1807-1885)
circa 1850
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Broadax
Name/Title
Broadax
Entry/Object ID
1946.25
Description
Broadax with a large, metal head and a wooden handle. The handle inserts into the head from the bottom, the end of the wood aligning with the top of the head.
Context
Owned by Herman Bostwich of Hinesburg, Vermont
Acquisition
1946.25
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron, Wood
Relationships
Bostwick, Herman (177-1853)
Related Place
Town
Hinesburg
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Brush
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Brush
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.102
Description
Natural-bristled brush with wooden handle, most likely used to brush away debris. There is a small hole through the handle, midway up. The manufacturer's mark reads, "John L. Whiting & Son" on one side of the brush head, while the other reads, "2".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
John L. Whiting & Son
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Horsehair
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Brush
Name/Title
Brush
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.76
Description
Round brush with a turned wooden handle and white horsehair bristles. The short handle flares at the end, and has simple decorative molding near the bristles. The bristles are attached in small groups into several holes drilled into the handle.
Context
Made by Baker Brush Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1944-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Bucket
Name/Title
Bucket
Entry/Object ID
2008.46
Description
Brown canvas basket. The basket is formed around a metal frame, with the top and bottom edges stitched around rings of metal. A hinged metal bar connects the rings outside the bucket, allowing it to collapse for storage. There is a handle made of metal wire with a turned wooden handle. The bucket is painted with the initials, "V.F.S".
Context
Used by an employee of the Vermont Forest Service
Acquisition
2008.46
Made or Created
circa 1950
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Cotton, Wood
Relationships
Vermont Department of Agriculture
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.3
Description
4-cut bush hammer head. One side is stamped, "HB HB, IV", and the other stamped "HB HB 1891" and "4$". There are two metal bolts and nuts holding the individual pieces of the hammer head together. (Two are missing).
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzie in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
1982.35
Made or Created
circa 1930
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.4
Description
4-cut bush hammer head. The tool is stamped on one side with "1315 / 1903". It consists of a central holder with additional pieces of metal (teeth) inserted into the ends and secured with large bolts and nuts (three now missing).
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
1982.35
Made or Created
circa 1930
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.6
Description
Four- and six-cut bushhammer head. The tool consists of a central holder with sheets of metal inserted into the ends (four on one side, six on the other) and held in place with large nuts and bolts (three now missing).
Context
Used by Vincenter Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.35
Made or Created
circa 1930
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.5
Description
6-cut bush hammer head with a remnant of the handle inserted. The tool consists of a central holder with sheets of metal inserted into the ends and secured with bolts and nuts (one now missing).
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
1982.35
Made or Created
circa 1930
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron, Wood
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.7
Description
10-cut bushhammer head. The tool consists of a central holder with sheets of metal inserted into the ends (10 each side) and held with large nuts and bolts.
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.35
Made or Created
circa 1930
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1983.23.1
Description
Four-cut bushhammer with wooden handle marked "J AHERN/MAKER/BARRE, VT./6 4/HE RUSS." The numbers 1-4 are also stamped onto the head, and "H E Russ" is stamped on it in 3 places.
Context
Made by James E. Ahern in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
1983.23
Made or Created
Ahern, James E. (1859-1918)
1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Russ, Henry E. (1857-1938)
Butter Churn
Interpretative Labels
Butter "Swing" Churn, 1877-1900 Vermont Farm Machinery Company (1871-1921) Bellows Falls, VT Wood Gift of Kathryn O. Jorgensen, #2012.42 The Vermont Farm Machinery Company, based in Bellows Falls, patented this "swing" churn in the 1870s and manufactured it for a number of years after that. Butter is the consolidation of the fat solids contained in milk; farmers would skim the cream from jars of milk as a first step, and then pour the cream into a churn, which would agitate the cream and encourage the fat solids to clump together. On a small scale, this can be done by hand, but in order to produce butter in bulk, some kind of mechanization is necessary. The Davis Swing Churn appeared in a number of sizes, holding between 4 and 50 gallons of cream, depending on the model number. This Model No. 5 could hold 13 gallons of cream. (The Model 9, which held 50 gallons of cream, no longer fit on a frame, and had to be suspended from a ceiling.) The company claimed that the gentle swinging action of the churn did not "injure" the butter.
Name/Title
Butter Churn
Entry/Object ID
2012.42a-b
Description
Yellow swing churn, bearing the stenciled label, "Davis Swing Churn/No. 5/Pat'd./Manufactured by/Vermont Farm Machine Co/Bellows Falls VT" in black paint on both long sides. The sides are further decorated with stenciled black decorative borders. There are two turned wooden handles across the top on either end, and metal brackets in the equivalent location on the bottom to attach the church to a wooden frame (now missing). The top of the churn has a door with a clear glass pane to view the contents. The churn has a 13 gallon capacity.
Use
Swung or rocked on a wooden frame to make butter.
Context
Manufactured by Vermont Farm Machine Company in Bellows Falls, VT.
Acquisition
2012.42
Made or Created
Vermont Farm Machinery Company (1871-1921)
1877-1900
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Paint, Iron, Glass
Butter Churn
Name/Title
Butter Churn
Entry/Object ID
1977.27
Description
Red barrel butter church with crank handles on either side. The cranks attach at the center and are long enough to reach the edge of the barrel. The back of the barrel is stenciled with the words, "Monitor / Manufactured by William Samson, East Berkshire, Vermont".
Context
Made by William Samson in East Berkshire, Vermont
Acquisition
1977.27
Made or Created
William Samson
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Samson, William J. (1866-1945)
Butter Dome
Name/Title
Butter Dome
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.105
Description
Turned wooden bowl a hole drilled in the center.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1876
Lexicon
Butter Paddle
Name/Title
Butter Paddle
Entry/Object ID
1973.1.38
Description
Wooden butter paddle. The paddle is made from a single, flat piece of wood shaped into a shovel.
Use
Used to work and press water out of butter.
Context
Likely used in Windsor, Vermont
Acquisition
1973.1
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Button
Name/Title
Button
Entry/Object ID
1963.48.1a-g
Description
7 wooden buttons. Each button is a wooden disk with a hole in the center.
Acquisition
1963.48
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Button Fastener
Name/Title
Button Fastener
Entry/Object ID
1964.57.1
Description
Small, sealed paper envelope containing button fasteners.
Acquisition
1964.57
Made or Created
B. F. Bee
Lexicon
Cake Box
Name/Title
Cake Box
Entry/Object ID
2004.58.46ab
Description
Round metal case or cover with round metal base. The cover has a yellow top and the sides are printed with a red, green, and yellow plaid design accented with a sprig of flowers that includes a rose, daisy, carnation, and three sprigs of wheat. There is a wire handle at the center top. The base is enameled white and has a raised center that the lid fits down over. The cover and base do not secure together. The center of the base has lost its enamel from cutting cakes while directly on the base.
Use
Used to store cakes
Context
Owned by Beatrice J. Wood of South Royalton, Vermont
Acquisition
2004.58
Made or Created
1940
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Wood, Beatrice Jones (1919-2004)
Related Place
Village
South Royalton
Town
Royalton
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Caliper
Interpretative Labels
Calipers, circa 1903 Angelo Petere Ambrosini (1880-1932) Northfield, Vermont Wood and Iron Gift of Homer P. Fuller, #2004.1.1 In 1903 Angelo Peter Ambrosini, a recent Italian immigrant, was working in Northfield for the Ellis Granite Company when it received the contract to provide the stonework for Union Station in Washington, D.C. Due to his talent he was selected to help carve the six eighteen-foot-high allegorical figures that grace the front of the station. Supervised by the eminent sculptor Augustus St. Gaudens, the project took three years to complete. These calipers were made and used by Ambrosini.
Name/Title
Caliper
Entry/Object ID
2004.1.1
Description
Large metal calipers consisting of a metal board with two curved and metals pointed attachments. The attachments are secured with bolts loosely enough to be adjustable.
Context
Made by Angelo Ambrosini, Sr., in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2004.1
Made or Created
Artist
Ambrosini, Angelo P. (1880-1932)
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Ambrosini, Angelo P. (1880-1932)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Caliper
Name/Title
Caliper
Entry/Object ID
2004.1.2
Description
Large metal calipers consisting of a metal board with two curved and metals pointed attachments at either end. The attachments are secured with bolts loosely enough to be adjustable.
Context
Made by Angelo Ambrosini, Sr., in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2004.1
Made or Created
Artist
Ambrosini, Angelo P. (1880-1932)
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Caliper
Name/Title
Caliper
Entry/Object ID
2004.1.3
Description
Large metal calipers consisting of a metal board with two curved and metals pointed attachments at either end. The attachments are secured with bolts loosely enough to be adjustable.
Context
Made by Angelo Ambrosini, Sr., in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2004.1
Made or Created
Artist
Ambrosini, Angelo P. (1880-1932)
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Calipers
Name/Title
Calipers
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.10
Description
Steel calipers with two curved arms that are joined with a rivet to adjust for measuring spans. One end is pointed. Mark on one arm: "E. F. Lewis/1853", on the other: "E F L". The letters are handstruck.
Context
Found near Well, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made or Created
E. F. Lewis
1853
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Wells
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera
Name/Title
Camera
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.2ab
Description
Glass plate camera that folds into a box. When folded, the camera resembles a small carrying case, completely covered in highly textured leather with a short carrying strap on the top. The back side (b) detaches at both the top and the bottom with metal protrusions that slide into clasps. Additionally, a hinged door is placed in the center of the back piece allowing access to the glass plate. The front opens by pressing two concealed buttons at the top of the case. Once open, the lens and its attached purple leather bellows can be slid onto an extendable wooden track. A marker on the proper left indicates the focal distance, and there is a level on the proper right. A perioscopal viewfinder sits to the proper left of the lens, and a wider viewfinders sits on top of the case. A small plaque under the lens bears in the inscription, "TELE-PHOTO CYCLE-POCO C/ROCHESTER OPTICAL & CAMERA CO."
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Glass, Brass, Cardboard, Metal, Wood
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera
Name/Title
Camera
Entry/Object ID
2009.51.1a-e
Description
Glass plate camera that folds into a box. When folded, the camera slides into a small carrying case. The back side detaches at both the top and the bottom with metal protrusions that slide into clasps. Additionally, a hinged door is placed in the center of the back piece allowing access to the glass plate. Once open, the lens and its attached leather bellows can be slid onto an extendable wooden track. A small plaque under the lens bears in the inscription, "IMPROVED EMPIRE STATE MANUFACTURED BY ROCHESTER OPTICAL CO. Rochester, N.Y."
Context
Used by Harry L. Chapman of Windham, Vermont
Acquisition
2009.51
Made or Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1896-1905
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall (extended)
Materials
Mahogany, Wood, Leather, Fabric, Brass, Glass
Relationships
Chapman, Harry L. (1875-1967)
Related Place
Town
Windham
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.5a-i
Description
"Morrison Vignetter" camera accessory set consisting of a two-part mount, four vignetting cards, a box, and instructions.

The box (ab) is made of cardboard and covered in lime-green semi-gloss paper. The label on the lid has a vignetted portrait of a child on the proper right, and an illustration of the vignetter attached to the lens of a King Poco model camera on the proper left. Beneath the images is the inscription, "MORRISON VIGNETTER/BURKE & JAMES, Chicago".

The four vignetters (c-f) are cardboard pieces: two in black and two in white (one now grey). The boards are straight on the bottom, but the top curves up to create the vignette shape. Two of the boards have a sawtooth edge on the top, and the other two have less pronounced nicked edge on the top. Each board shows evidence of being slid into the metal mounts for use, but the pieces with the less-pronounced edges appear to have been more heavily used.

The boards mount in front of the camera's lens with two pieces of metal (h,i). Both pieces are made from flat metal strips. The piece that connects to the lens consists of a strip bent into a circle to which an L-bent strip is attached. The other piece is bent into a narrow U-shape on one end (for attaching the vignetting board) and a wider U on the other side that can be tightened with a bolt. The two attach by sliding the flat edge of the lens side into the clamp at the wide-U side of the other piece and tightening the connection with the bolt.

The instructions are in a bi-fold with example images on the front page and detailed steps on the inside.
Use
Mounted in front a camera lens to vignette the bottom edge of portraits
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
Burke & James
1899-1903
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cardboard, Metal, Paper
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.6a-d
Description
Yellow camera filter consisting of two panes of glass permanently attached together, along with a carrying case and paper care instructions. The edges of the filter (a) are sealed with a glossy black medium. A small paper label reading "Wratten K3 Filter" was applied to one side, but is now loose within the case (b). The case consists of a narrow cardboard sleeve and lid covered in leather. The face of the case's body bears the gold inscription, "WRATTEN K FILTER/MADE BY/EASTMAN KODAK CO./ROCHESTER, N.Y./TRAD MARKS REG. U. S. PAT. OFF." The reverse bears a gold sticker with several black stamps that read, "K1", "2104", "2", and "80".
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance images
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
1912-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Glass, Paper, Cardboard, Leather
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.7a-d
Description
Three yellow camera filters and a Morrocan leather case. The filters consist of two panes of glass adheared together. A glossy black film was painted around the edges of the filters, but it only completely remains on one. The same filter with the frame retains a paper label along its narrow edge reading, "Wrateen [sic] K1 Filter". Four other paper labels are loose in the container and bear the inscriptions "Wratten K2 Filter", "Wratten K1 1/2 Filter", "Wratten No. 7 Filter", and "Wratten No. 6 Filter".

The case opens at the top with two hinges on the reverse. When closed, it is secured by a hidden latch at the front that is release by pressing the hidding button. The top of the case bears the gold inscription, "WRATTEN FILTERS/MANUFACTURED BY/EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY./ROCHESTER, N. Y./TRADE MARKS REG. U.S. PAT. OFF." The inside of the case is lined in purple velvet with two molded protusions on other side to separate the filters from each other. The lid is lined in red satin-woven silk.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance images
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1912-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Leather, Silk, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.8
Description
Two panes of orange glass adhered together. A glossy black substance was applied around the edges creating a frame, which is now mostly gone.
Use
Placed over the lens of a glass-plate camera to enhance the image
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1912-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.10ab
Description
Circular yellow filter with green leather case. The filter consists of a round pieces of yellow glass set into a copper frame. The back is finished with a glossy black substance. Three indentations are placed equidistant around the frame to secure the filter onto a camera lens.

The case opens with two metal hinges at the back. The top is slightly raised, and bears the white printed inscription, "Cramer's/Precision/Color Filters/St. Louis U.S.A." The interior is lined in blue satin (upper) and purple velvet (lower). The base of the interior is molded to fit the filter.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance the image
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
G. Cramer Dry Plate Company
1909
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Copper, Leather, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.13ab
Description
Circular clear filter with double case. The filter consists of a flat, circular piece of glass contained within a black metal frame. The frame extends to the rear and is tabbed to attach onto a circular lens. The rectangular case is covered in red Morocccan leather. The top has the gold inscription, "THE ISOSTIGMAR LENS/WILLIAMS, BROWN & EARLE,/PHILADELPHIA/AMERICAN AGENTS:". The interior of the case is lined in blue velvet, and the base is molded to fit the filter and one other identically shaped and sized object.

Note: the filter is not an isostigmar lens.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance the image
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
1907-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Metal, Cardboard, Leather, Silk
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.14a-c
Description
Circular half-tone filter with box and lid. The filter consists of a flat, circular piece of glass that is transparent yellow on the upper 2/3 and clear on the remaining 1/3. The glass is set into a silver-toned metal frames with three rubber-coated tabs placed equidistant around the edge for securing to a lens. The inscription "ROYAL FOREGROUND RAY SCREEN/PATENTED/GEORGE MURPHY INC NEW YORK" impressed on the side of the fram. The top is indicated with the impressed inscription, "TOP". The case consists of a round body and round lid, each covered in red Moroccan leather. The bottom is lined in purple velvet whill the lid is lined in black leather.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens for landscape photography to ensure even lighting of both the foreground and the sky
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
George Murphy, Inc.
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Metal, Leather, Cardboard, Silk
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.15a-e
Description
Foreground ray screen filter with case and lid, box and lid, and sales paper. The filter consists of two flat, circular pieces of glass sandwiching a tinted adhesive that has dried and cracked. (See 2020.4.14a for original appearance.) The glass is set into a silver-toned metal frame with three tabs placed equidistant around the edge for securing to a lens. The inscription "ROYAL FOREGROUND RAY SCREEN. PAT, AP'D FOR/GEORGE MURPHY INC NEW YORK" impressed on the side of the frame. The top is indicated with the impressed inscription, "-TOP".

The case consists of a round body and round lid, each covered in red Moroccan leather. The bottom is lined in purple velvet while the lid is lined in black leather. The box consists of a box covered in burgundy paper that slides into a cover wrapped in white paper. The sides of the cover bear the inscription, "ROYAL/Foreground Ray Screen/no. 4 1 1/2 in." The top of the cover bears the inscription "No. 4 1 1/2 in./ROYAL/Foreground Ray Screen/GEROGE MURPHY, INC./New York" with an illustration of the monogram GM.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens for landscape photography to ensure even lighting of both the foreground and the sky
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
George Murphy, Inc.
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Metal, Cardboard, Leather, Silk, Paper
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.16a-c
Description
Portrait lens attachment and case. The lens consists of a circular piece of glass set within a black metal frame. the frame extends beyond the glass at both the front and the back. The back extension is cut into tabs in order to secure onto a camera lens. The metal case consists of a circular base and lid. The lid bears the label, "KODAK/PORTRAIT ATTACHMENT/8-A/Eastman Kodak Co./Rochester, N.Y. Made in U.S.A./TRADE MARK REG. U.S. PAT. OFF." The interior of the case is printed with a focus guide giving the focal length at which to set the camera with the lens on (i.e. "focus at 5' to work at 2'-4'")
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance portraits
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.17a-c
Description
Metal duplicator filter and case. The duplicator filter was used to expose only a portion of a glass plate to allow for double exposure "duplication" tricks. The filter consists of a metal cap that fits over a camera lens with a semi-circular cut out taking about 3/8 of the total surface. The front of the filter bears the inscriptions "THE IDEAL DUPLICATOR" and "BURKE & JAMES. CHICAGO". The case consists of a box that slides into a lid. Both are covered in red Morrocan leather, and the top bears the silver inscription "THE IDEAL/DUPLICATOR/No. 2/BURKE & JAMES,/CHICAGO."
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to create image with partial double exposure effects
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
Burke & James
1897-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Cardboard, Leather
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.23
Description
Metal vingette framing filter consisting of a metal box frame with a circular opening in the center. Within the opening is a wooden frame with a diamond-shaped opening and four strips of curved metal attached to the outside.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to add a vignette effect to the images
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.11ab
Description
Circular yellow filter with green leather case. The filter consists of a round pieces of yellow glass set into a copper frame. The back is finished with a glossy black substance. Three indentations are placed equidistant around the frame to secure the filter onto a camera lens.
The case opens with two metal hinges at the back. The top is slightly raised, and bears the white printed inscription, "Cramer's/Precision/Color Filters/St. Louis U.S.A." The interior is lined in blue satin (upper) and purple velvet (lower). The base of the interior is molded to fit the filter.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance the image
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
G. Cramer Dry Plate Company
1909
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Copper, Leather, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.12ab
Description
Circular yellow filter with green leather case. The filter consists of a round pieces of yellow glass set into a copper frame. The back is finished with a glossy black substance. Three indentations are placed equidistant around the frame to secure the filter onto a camera lens.

The case opens with two metal hinges at the back. The top is slightly raised, and bears the white printed inscription, "Cramer's/Precision/Color Filters/St. Louis U.S.A." The interior is lined in blue satin (upper) and purple velvet (lower). The base of the interior is molded to fit the filter.
Use
Placed over a camera lens to enhance the image
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
G. Cramer Dry Plate Company
1909
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Copper, Leather, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter Holder
Name/Title
Camera Filter Holder
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.9a-c
Description
Metal bracket for holding a filter up to the lens of a camera, together with box and lid. The box is covered in glossy white paper, and a label on the top reads, "ADJUSTABLE FILTER HOLDER/For 2 inch square/Wratten Filters/EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY,/ROCHESTER, N.Y./Trade MArks Reg. U.S. Pat. Off./K P 4418 102."

The filter holder is a black metal square with a circular hole in the center. Within the hole is a thin black strip of metal attached to a bolt that can be adjusted to tighten around the lens of the camera. The left and right edges of the square fold back to allow the glass filter to slide inside. An impressed inscription around the circle reads, "MADE BY EASTMAN KODAK CO. ROCHESTER. N.Y. U.S.A. PAT. JUNE 5. 1917." and another beneath the circle reads, "1 1/8" TO 1 9/16"".
Use
Used to hold glass filters in front of a camera lens to enhance images
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1917
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Can Opener
Name/Title
Can Opener
Entry/Object ID
1984.23.1
Description
Metal can opener with wooden handle and crank. The top is stamped with the label, "Edlund / No. 5 Junior". The blade or knife, now missing, sits in the open slot next to the wheel, with the blade sitting perpendicular the wheel.
Context
Made by the Edlund Company in Burlington, Vermont. Used by Philip Elwert in Montpelier, Vermont.
Acquisition
1984.23
Made or Created
Edlund Company
circa 1965
Lexicon
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Elwert, Philip F. (1949-1988)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1m
Description
Unburnt light pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1x
Description
Partially burnt olive-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1b
Description
Partially burnt red wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1ll
Description
Partially burnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1n
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1mm
Description
Partially burnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1o
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1y
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1nn
Description
Partially burnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1p
Description
Partially burnt light pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1a
Description
Partially burnt red wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1z
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1c
Description
Partially burnt red wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1aa
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1q
Description
Partially burnt light pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1bb
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1r
Description
Partially burnt light pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1d
Description
Partially burnt red wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.3cc
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1dd
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1g
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1ee
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1ff
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1h
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1i
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1gg
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1j
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1s
Description
Partially burnt light pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1l
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1hh
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1e
Description
Partially burnt red wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1u
Description
Unburnt olive-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1ii
Description
Partially burnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1f
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1v
Description
Unburnt olive-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1t
Description
Unburnt olive-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1k
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1w
Description
Unburnt olive-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1jj
Description
Partially burnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1kk
Description
Partially burnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle Box
Name/Title
Candle Box
Entry/Object ID
1973.1.37ab
Description
Long, rectangular wooden box. The box has a wooden lid that slides into a rabbit at the top of the box. There is a semi-circular indentation on one end of the lid to grip.
Context
Likely used in Windsor, Vermont
Acquisition
1973.1
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Windsor
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle Mold
Name/Title
Candle Mold
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.16
Description
Metal mold shaped into six tapers. Each taper has a distinct, pointed tip. The wide ends are connected to a rectangular sheet of metal with curled-up edges.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.40
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Ludlow
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candlesnuffer Tray
Name/Title
Candlesnuffer Tray
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.12b
Description
Small black toleware tray. The tray is mostly rectangular, with rounded corners. The long sides are concave. The border of the tray flares upward, and the edges of the center are decorated with a thin line of gold paint.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.40
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Ludlow
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1919.4.1
Description
Wooden canteen. The canteen is oval shaped with a round hole at the center top, sealed with a peg. Four bentwood bands wrap around the canteen. A U-shaped wire with a wooden handle is attached to the top at either end. The canteen is marked, "BMC 1782".
Context
Brought to Vermont from England by a member of the Ormsbee family.
Acquisition
1919.4
Made/Created
1780-1790
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Carpenter's Square
Name/Title
Carpenter's Square
Entry/Object ID
1946.26
Description
Metal carpenter's square etched with lines every 1/4 inch. Each line terminates in a round point, and the inches are marked with Arabic numerals. The square is engraved with the inscription, "HB 1811".
Context
Owned by Herman Bostwick of Hinesburg, Vermont
Acquisition
1946.26
Made or Created
1811
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Bostwick, Herman (177-1853)
Related Place
Town
Hinesburg
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Carpenter's Square
Name/Title
Carpenter's Square
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.5
Description
Steel square with a 24" blade and 16" tongue. The demarcations (1/8" on one edge, 1/16" on the other) are mechanically struck. The mark is a circle with an eagle in the center with the inscription, "Eagle Square Mfg., So. Shaftsbury, Vt.", surrounding it. Below the mark is the inscription, "Hardened corners/100".
Context
Made in Shaftsbury, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made or Created
Eagle Square Co.
1859-1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel
Carpenter's Square
Name/Title
Carpenter's Square
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.6
Description
Steel square with 24" blade, 16" tongue, both tapered. A number of scales are struck on the back side. The front is marked off in 1/8" with numerals hand struck in the metal. At corner is the mark, "Hawe Patent/Warranted steel/B. Harmon".
Context
Made in Shaftwbury, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made or Created
B. Harmon
1819-1859
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel
Case
Name/Title
Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.1
Description
This black leather camera case has two interior compartments for storing a camera and 6 glass negative plates. The case has both a long strap, connecting with metal latches onto the sides, and a permanently attached short strap, connecting to the top. The top secures with two metal latches. The inside is lined in plain woven cotton over cardboard.
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Metal, Cardboard, Cotton
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Case
Name/Title
Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.4ab
Description
Tan leather rectangular camera case with two interior compartments for storing a camera and 6 glass plate negatives. The case has a short, leather handle at the top and two metal figure-8 attachments for a removable shoulder strap (no longer present). The case opens at the top and is secured at the center front with a metal clasp. The inside of the top piece bears the gold inscription, "Tele-Photo-Poco/G/Rochester Optical & Camera Co./Rochester, N.Y." The interior is lined in cotton.
B is a fragment, likely from the shoulder strap.
Use
Used to hold a glass plate negative camera and accessories
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Leather, Metal, Cotton
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Case
Name/Title
Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.20
Description
Double-capacity camera filter case (empty). The case consists of a leather rectangular body with an evelope closure. The closure is secured with a metal snap. The interior is divided into two compartments and lined in purple velvet.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Cardboard, Silk, Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Casting Mold
Name/Title
Casting Mold
Entry/Object ID
1992.26.1
Description
Mold form with six armed spokes looking somewhat like a wagon wheel without the wheel. At the end of each spoke is a 7" piece, perpendicular to the spoke. Each has 5 "pegs." Presumably these pegs fit into another piece we don't have. The 7" piece is "sliced" in two. Three of the spokes are missing half of the piece. One spoke has a half broken end piece. The 3 spokes that have both pieces of the end have been tied together with twine. The twine is "old."
dark brown
Context
Used at the Lane Shops in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1992.26
Made or Created
Lane Manufacturing Co.
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Casting Mold
Name/Title
Casting Mold
Entry/Object ID
1992.26.2
Description
Mold from with six armed spokes looking somewhat like a wagon wheel without the wheel. At the end of each spoke is an 8 1/4" piece, perpendicular to the spoke. Each has 5 "pegs." Presumably these pegs fit into another piece we don't have. Each 8 1/4" piece is sliced in half. Three of the spokes are missing half of the piece. The 3 spokes with both halves are tied together with "old" twine.
Context
Used at the Lane Shops in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1992.26
Made or Created
Lane Manufacturing Co.
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Catheter
Name/Title
Catheter
Entry/Object ID
1960.191.3
Description
Long metal tube. Half the tube is straight, and the other half of the tube curves until the end is perpendicular to the first half. The straight end has a wire loop, likely for hanging. The curved end has five holes drilled into it.
Context
Used by Dr. Amori Benson of Landgrove, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.191
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Benson, Amori (1799-1876)
Related Place
Town
Landgrove
County
Bennington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cheese Box
Name/Title
Cheese Box
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.17a
Description
Large, round wooden box. The sides are formed from a thin strip of wood, nailed together at the seam with small nails.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Ludlow
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cheese Box
Name/Title
Cheese Box
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.1b
Description
Large, round cheese boxes. The boxes are made of bentwood steamed around a flat, circular base.
Acquisition
1965.20
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Chisel
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Chisel
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.119
Description
Chisel tip with a square top that tapers into a straight tip.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Chisel
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Chisel
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.117
Description
Chisel with round, flat top that shows evidence of use. The tips has a triangular shape that tapers to a straight tip. It has markings like a file.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Chisel
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Chisel
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.118
Description
Metal chisel with a triangular shape that tapers into a slightly curved tip. It has markings like a file.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Clamp
Name/Title
Clamp
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.152
Description
Clamp, or cramp, appears to be steel; jaws attached to a rod with a bend at one end; jaws tighten by turning a screw, spring inside jaws tightens; no manufacturer's mark; length = 4 5/8".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Closed Scorper
Name/Title
Closed Scorper
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.20
Description
Tool consisting of an L-shaped metal rod with a loop of flat metal on one end and a wooden handle on the other end.
Use
Used to carve wood
Acquisition
1944.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Clothes Hanger
Name/Title
Clothes Hanger
Entry/Object ID
2003.16.108
Description
Clothes hanger consisting of a central wire hook and wooden crossbar. The wooden bar is wrapped in black cotton printed with pink and red roses with green leaves. There is a green ribbon at the center.
Context
Owned by Jean Louise Gooddall Balham of Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
2003.16
Made or Created
1950
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood, Cotton
Relationships
Balham, Jean Louise Goodall (1925-2016)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Clothespins
Name/Title
Clothespins
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.137a-h
Description
Eight peg-style clothespins. The pins are each partially split down the center with a round wooden bead at the top.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1920-circa 1930
Lexicon
Compass
Name/Title
Compass
Entry/Object ID
1933.1a-b
Description
Brass surveying compass with two upright sites attached to the arms. The compass is large and under glass. The cardinal directions are marked with etched leaves, with a fleur-de-lys at north. There are inter-cardinal directions marked with etchings as well. The compass is marked on it's face, "Bleuler, London".
The compass sits in a wooden case, appearing to be homemade. There are three wooden blocks inside the case that have become unglued.
Context
Used by William Chamberlin while surveying Peacham, Barton, and other Vermont towns.
Acquisition
1933.1
Made or Created
Artist
Bleuler, John (1757-1829)
1790-1829
Lexicon
Dimensions
Boxed
Materials
Brass, Glass
Relationships
Chamberlain, William (1755-1828)
,
Compass
Name/Title
Compass
Entry/Object ID
1889.1
Description
Pocket compass set into a small wooden oval with a round metal cover. The cover is engraved with the inscription, "Reuben Nash/Benson, Vt./1786", and the top of a fleur-de-lis. The first E in Reuben is floating above the the rest of the word. It opens by folding down on simple hinges formed by two wire loops. The compass itself consists of a small metal rod attached to a brass post at the center. Beneath the rod is a printed engraving of a compass rose with Prince of Wales feathers (or a small fleur-de-lis) marking the North point. The other three directions (East, South, and West) are unmarked, but the quarters are marked with initials (NE, SE, SW, NW). A printed sticker is attached to the back that reads, "Pocket Compass used by Reuben Nash, in 1786 [illegible--covered by another sticker] Presented by his gran[illeg--covered by another sticker] Henry Howard Nash, Chicago, Illinois, To the Vermont Historical Society. 1889."
Context
Owned by Reuben Nash, one of the earliest settlers of Benson, Vermont
Acquisition
1889.1
Made or Created
1786
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal, Paper
Relationships
Nash, Reuben (1768-1846)
Related Place
Town
Benson
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Compass
Name/Title
Compass
Entry/Object ID
1894.3
Description
Rectangular wooden compass. The wooden case has a rectangular window in the face with inset glass through which a metal rod can be seen. A corresponding degree chart is etched in a semicircle on the the face of the case. One side has a brass knob handle for opening. The reverse an applied wooden bar with a hole drilled into the center for mounting the compass onto a stand.
Context
Used by John Smith, one of the early residents of Brookfield, Vermont
Acquisition
1894.3
Made or Created
1779
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Smith, John (1782-1863)
Related Place
Town
Brookfield
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cowbell
Name/Title
Cowbell
Entry/Object ID
1942.14.2
Description
Large rectangular bell with a U-shaped handle at the top. The bell is formed from a flat piece of metal bent to shape and riveted together on the sides.
Context
Brought to America by Scottish immigrant John Bean.
Acquisition
1942.14
Made or Created
circa 1657
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Bean, John
Cowbell
Name/Title
Cowbell
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.1
Description
Metal cowbell. The bell is made from a sheet of metal, cut and bent into shape.
Acquisition
1944.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Cradle Scythe
Name/Title
Cradle Scythe
Entry/Object ID
1994.24
Description
Wooden cradle scythe with metal blade. The handle is made of a tree branch. The scythe blade attaches to the end of the handle. There is a post attached perpendicular to the very end of the handle below the blade to which five tines are attached. The tines are reinforced by narrow wooden rods.
Context
Used by the Slocum family of South Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1994.24
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
City
South Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Croze
Name/Title
Croze
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.8
Description
Wooden tool with an inserted blade. The tool is semicircular with round handles at each end. A semicircular fence protrudes from base and contains a hook and 2 parallel cutting blades for making the groove.
Use
Used by a cooper to form a groove in the middle of the howell cut, into which the head would be seated.
Acquisition
1975.494
Made or Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Steel
Crucible
Name/Title
Crucible
Entry/Object ID
2011.3.1
Description
Triangular fire assay crucible. The crucible is round at the base, but flare outward to three points at the top, creating spouts for pouring. There is a partial maker's mark reading "[illeg]EL & SOHN".
Use
Used to melt gold in order to determine its purity and composition.
Context
Used at the Rook Mining Company in Plymouth Five Corners, VT
Acquisition
2011.3
Made or Created
circa 1885
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Stoneware
Relationships
Rooks Mining Company
Related Place
Town
Plymouth
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Crucible
Name/Title
Crucible
Entry/Object ID
2011.3.2
Description
Triangular fire assay crucible. The crucible is round at the base, but flare outward to three points at the top, creating spouts for pouring. There is a partial maker's mark reading "[illeg]EL & SOHN".
Use
Used to melt gold in order to determine its purity and composition.
Context
Used at the Rook Mining Company in Plymouth Five Corners, VT
Acquisition
2011.3
Made or Created
circa 1885
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Stoneware
Relationships
Rooks Mining Company
Related Place
Town
Plymouth
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Crucible
Name/Title
Crucible
Entry/Object ID
2011.3.3
Description
Triangular fire assay crucible. The crucible is round at the base, but flare outward to three points at the top, creating spouts for pouring. There is a partial maker's mark reading "[illeg]EL & SOHN".
Use
Used to melt gold in order to determine its purity and composition.
Context
Used at the Rook Mining Company in Plymouth Five Corners, VT
Acquisition
2011.3
Made or Created
circa 1885
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Stoneware
Relationships
Rooks Mining Company
Related Place
Town
Plymouth
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cup
Name/Title
Cup
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.35ab
Description
Souvenir wooden cup with lid. The cup is attached to a round base in the shape of a ship's wheel. The side of the cup is printed with the words, "Lake Champlain". There is a round lid with a circular knob at the center.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Curd Rake
Name/Title
Curd Rake
Entry/Object ID
1999.7
Description
Cheese curd rake with 4 angled flat "tines." The handle is 61 1/4"long and about 1 1/2"wide with rounded edges. The cross piece is incised and 3" dia. A wooden peg holds the handle in place.
Context
Likely used near St. Albans, Vermont
Acquisition
1999.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Oak
Relationships
Related Place
City
St. Albans City
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Curd Squeezer
Name/Title
Curd Squeezer
Entry/Object ID
1950.24.2
Description
Curd squeezer consisting of two handles hinged together at one end. The ends with the hinge flare outward slightly, creating a rectangular area with horizontal grooves cut on the interior face.
Acquisition
1950.24
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Cutting Board
Name/Title
Cutting Board
Entry/Object ID
2006.4.7
Description
Small, unvarnished wooden cutting board formed from a single piece of wood. The board is largely rectangular, but the top edge sloped upward into a handle with a hole at the center for hanging. At the center top is the laser-cut logo of a tree with the words "VERMONT QUALITY WOOD PRODUCTS SINCE 1891".
Context
Given away as a promotional item during the 2005 Vermont History Expo.
Acquisition
2006.4
Made or Created
Vermont Quality Wood Products
2005
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Event
Vermont History Expo
Cutting Board
Name/Title
Cutting Board
Entry/Object ID
2011.57
Description
Clear acrylic cutting board with a smooth top surface and pebbled back surface. The bottom right corner is printed in black with a logo consisting of a map outline of the state of Vermont and the words, "cabot VERMONT CHEDDAR". There is a hole at the opposite corner for hanging.
Context
Made for Cabot Heritage Festival, the precursor to the Vermont History Expo, and distributed to participants. This particular board was used by the Northfield Historical Society.
Acquisition
2011.57
Made or Created
1999
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Acrylic
Relationships
Cabot Farmers Co-op, Inc., Northfield Historical Society
,
Related Event
Vermont History Expo
Cyclometer
Interpretative Labels
Cyclometer, 1841 Oren Cummins Montpelier, VT Wood, metal Gift of Albert O. Cummins, 1908.1 For as long as people have been traveling, they have wanted to know how fast they were going and how far they’ve traveled. The cyclometer (the word means “circle-measurer”) does just that. Today, cyclometers usually employ GPS to track movement, but before that technology was available, analog versions did the same job. This cyclometer was created by Oren Cummins of Montpelier in 1841, and is entirely handmade. The concept of measuring distance was not new, but Cummins’s solution is noteworthy because it so clearly depended entirely on his own ingenuity to implement. The gears are hand-cut and hand-numbered, and the whole is a remarkable combination of applied mathematics and precision crafting. Cummins used his cyclometer on carriage wheels. One end of the cyclometer would be attached to the hub of the wheel, and as the wheel turned, it would begin the tracking. Gears closer to the wheel measured shorter distances, and when they completed a certain number of revolutions they would trigger the next wheel to advance, and so on down the line. Ultimately, this cyclometer was capable of recording up to 40,000 miles.
Name/Title
Cyclometer
Entry/Object ID
1908.1
Description
Handmade cyclometer consisting of a wooden box with six wooden gears and two metal gears.

The box sits in an outer metal case and is divided into two compartments. The narrower compartment on one side houses two offset metal gears connected to each other. The larger compartment houses six additional gears, also offset and connected to each other, three in a row. The gears are connected by two wooden center pieces that allow them to spin.

The wooden gears are also hand-numbered with various intervals specific to each gear.
Use
Used to measure the distance traveled by a carriage or wagon wheel.
Context
Made by Oren Cummins of Montpelier, VT in 1841.
Acquisition
1908.1
Made or Created
Artist
Cummins, Oren
circa 1841
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Dark Lantern
Name/Title
Dark Lantern
Entry/Object ID
1934.4
Description
Collapsible dark lantern with a mica window on only side. It has gold stencil decoration, and holder for candle in one corner. There are holes drilled into the center top oriented in the shape of a daisy.
Use
Used to shine light in only one direction, similar to a modern flashlight
Context
Owned by a member of the Morse family of Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1934.4
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Dimensions (open)
Materials
Mica
Relationships
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Developing Tools
Name/Title
Developing Tools
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.26a-bb
Description
a-c: Silver-toned metal clips. The mouth of the clip is wide for holding paper. The mouth is opened by squeezing together the handles, which are otherwise held apart with a spring. Each clip bears the engraved inscription, "MONTAUG".

d-z: Oval-shaped chain links consisting of two halves that connect in the center, allow the link to either lie flat or bend at a 90 degree angle.

aa: Silver-toned metal hook with threaded screw on one end.

bb: Silver-toned metal strip bent into a sort of U shape. There is a square-shaped hole at the center of the strip.
Use
Used to hold photographs as they were developing
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Dipper
Name/Title
Dipper
Entry/Object ID
1986.25.3
Description
Long-handled tin dipping cup. The end of the handle has a wire loop for hanging.
Context
Used in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1986.25
Made or Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Dipper
Name/Title
Dipper
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.231
Description
Tin dipper with long handle. The dipper is formed from sheets of flat tin, and the handle is rolled into a hollow tube.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Document Case
Name/Title
Document Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.98ab
Description
Small, cylindrical turned wood document case.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Document Case
Name/Title
Document Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.101ab
Description
Turned wooden tube with lid.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Doughnut Hook
Name/Title
Doughnut Hook
Entry/Object ID
2004.47
Description
Wooden doughnut hook. The hook consists of a long straight section with a darker, curved section at one end, steamed into a very slight hook shape. The hook originally came with an attached card explaining how it was a made and a recipe for doughnuts.
Context
Made by John's Tinker Shop in Marshfield, Vermont. Used by David and Jean Cate.
Acquisition
2004.47
Made or Created
Artist
Lamberton, John Frederick (1912-1987)
John's Tinker Shop
1975-1985
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Cate, David
Drawknife
Name/Title
Drawknife
Entry/Object ID
1995.31.7
Description
Double-handled drawshave consisting of a blade with two turned wooden handles attached on either side and oriented perpendicular to the blade.
Context
Used by Joseph A. Gassette of Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1995.31
Made or Created
1897-1920
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Gassette, Joseph A. (1861-1930)
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Drawknife
Name/Title
Drawknife
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.16
Description
Tool consisting of a sharp, slightly curved blade with two round wooden handles on either end, set perpendicular to the blade. The blade is stamped with the mark, "S. Bardwell / Cast Steel / Wells, Vt."
Use
Used to shave and smooth wood.
Context
Made by S. Bardwell in Wells, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made or Created
S. Bardwell
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel, Wood
Drawknife
Name/Title
Drawknife
Entry/Object ID
2008.10.1
Description
Drawshave consisting of two turned handles connected by a black-lacquered piece of wood with an inset blade.
Context
Used by Alson Milo Brewer in Tunbridge, Vermont, or Fayette, Indiana
Acquisition
2008.10
Made or Created
D. R. Barton
1849-1874
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Steel, Brass
Relationships
Brewer, Alson Milo (1842-1908)
Related Place
Town
Tunbridge
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.112
Description
Metal drill bit with a flat tip, 3 edges, and a square connector. The shaft reads "5/0" with a "c" inside a diamond.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.108
Description
Metal drill bit that is round with 6 edges and flat top. There is a hole in the top of the bit. The shaft is round and smooth, and the connector is square. The manufacturer's mark reads, "R & T Co. - 5/16 - Made in USA".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.109
Description
Metal drill bit that is round with 5 edges and a flat top with a hole in the top of the bit. The shaft is round and smooth and the connector is square. The manufacturer's mark (hand cut) reads, "M.J. Daniels Tool Col. - 3/16 - HS" on shaft.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the original Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.110
Description
Metal drill bit with a pointed tip and square connector. The shaft bears the mark, "HS/No. 2" with a "c" inside a diamond.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.111
Description
Metal drill bit with a point tip and square connector. The shaft reads, "HS/ 4/0" with a "c" inside a diamond.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Dry Measure
Name/Title
Dry Measure
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.3
Description
Round bandbox measure.
Acquisition
1944.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Dutch Oven
Interpretative Labels
Pot, circa 1780 Iron Gift of Betty Jackson Anderson The Abijah Wheelock family was the first to settle permanently in Calais. On April 13, 1789, Abijah started on the seven-mile trip from Montpelier to Calais with his wife, Lois, and their six-month old baby. He pulled them and their family belongings on a hand sled over three feet of melting spring snow. The family story says that when they finally arrived in Calais at the end of that day, they cooked their first meal in this iron pot.
Name/Title
Dutch Oven
Entry/Object ID
1988.6.2
Description
Cast iron pot or kettle. The bulbous pot sits on three feet and has a round, circular body. It flares outward at the top. There is a handle consisting of a thick cast iron rod bent into a semi-circle and attached to ears on either side of the pot.
Context
Owned by Abijah Wheelock, the first permanent settler of Calais, Vermont. According to family history, he used this pot to cook their first meal after traveling to Calais from Montpelier.
Acquisition
1988.6
Made or Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Wheelock, Abijah
Related Place
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Ear Punch
Name/Title
Ear Punch
Entry/Object ID
2020.30.1a-x
Description
A metal instrument with black handles and rectangular plier ends with a track on one side into which several metal blocks with needles can be attached. The needles form numbers. The needles are pressed against what seems to be a rubber covering. The top is marked, "C.H. Dana Co. Inc. Hyde Park, Vermont".
Use
Used to tattoo the ears of livestock for identification purposes
Context
Made by C.H. Dana Company, Inc., of Hyde Park, Vermont.
Acquisition
2020.30
Made or Created
C. H. Dana Company, Incorporated
Lexicon
Eggbeater
Name/Title
Eggbeater
Entry/Object ID
1986.28.2
Description
A double-beater hand mixer or egg beater. It is made of stainless steel with a wooden handle that is painted red.
Context
Made by The Edlund Company of Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1986.28
Made or Created
Edlund Company
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel, Wood
Eggbeater
Name/Title
Eggbeater
Entry/Object ID
1994.16
Description
Metal eggbeater with wooden grip and turning handle. The eggbeater has two whisks or beaters that turn with a cranked central wheel. The beaters have a round shaped with 4 curved steel blades attached to a single post in the center. The drive wheel has a series of openings pierced around the edge. One side of the wheel is stamped with the label, "EDLUND COMPANY / BURLINGTON, VT. / PATENT NO. 1789224 - OTHER PAT. PENDING / MADE IN THE U.S.A."
Context
Made by the Edlund Company in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1994.16
Made or Created
Edlund Company
1929-1931
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel, Wood
Electric Lamp
Name/Title
Electric Lamp
Entry/Object ID
2011.51
Description
Turned wooden electric lamp with metallic blue lacquer. The shaft consists of two round wooden pieces carved to spiral around a central metal post. A small plaque on the base reads, "BUILT BY LUCIEN BOLDUC 1957 SPAULDING HIGH SCHOOL".
Context
Made by Lucien Bolduc at Spaulding High School in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2011.51
Made or Created
Artist
Bolduc, Lucien
Bolduc, Lucien
1957
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Spaulding High School
Electric Motor
Name/Title
Electric Motor
Entry/Object ID
1899.1
Description
Magnet wound with cord. It has a pivoting shaft through the center that is crossed at right angles by an arm, which nearly touches the sides of the magnet.
Context
Invented in Montpelier, Vermont by Wareham A. Chase in 1841. Chase was a jeweler in Montpelier and displayed this perpetual motion engine in his window.
Acquisition
1899.1
Made or Created
Artist
Chase, Wareham A. (1817-1911)
1841
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Elevator Switch
Name/Title
Elevator Switch
Entry/Object ID
1974.8.1
Description
Round elevator switch with the inscription, "OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY / PATENTED / DATES ON MACHINE". A cut electrical cord extends from on side, and a round wooden handle from the other.
Context
Installed in the Pavilion Hotel in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1974.8
Made or Created
Otis Elevator Co.
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
,
Ember Carrier
Name/Title
Ember Carrier
Entry/Object ID
1963.35
Description
Small soapstone box. The box is carved from a single piece of soapstone and has no lid.
Use
Used to carry hot coals to an unlit fire in order to get it lit. According to family history, if their fire went out, they would look to the neighbors' chimneys to see whose fire was lit in order to get embers, using this box to carry them back.
Context
Used by the family of Isaac Merriam in Hyde Park, Vermont
Acquisition
1963.35
Made or Created
1848
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Soapstone
Relationships
Merriam, Isaac
Related Place
Town
Hyde Park
County
Lamoille County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Embossing Press
Name/Title
Embossing Press
Entry/Object ID
1972.61.2
Description
Iron embossing stamp. The stamp consists of an ear-shaped metal arm spanning between a square base pedestal and a round stamp head. The top press button is stamped into a decorative floral pattern.
Use
Used to stamp the dates into railroad tickets.
Context
Used on the Woodstock Railway
Acquisition
1972.61
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Woodstock Railway
Related Place
Town
Woodstock
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Emery Wheel
Name/Title
Emery Wheel
Entry/Object ID
1939.1
Description
Round emery wheel with a hole in the center.
Use
Used to sharped tools, blades, or cutlery
Context
Made in the factory of Edgar Merrill in West Charleston, Vermont. Said to have been invented by Artemus Willard, but the patent paperwork was conned away from Merrill in Boston.
Acquisition
1939.1
Made or Created
Artist
Willard, Artemus
circa 1868
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Merrill, Edgar
Related Place
City
Boston
State/Province
Massachusetts
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.128
Description
Hand metal file, flat with wood & metal handle, red tang and heel. Handle has the name "Troy Best" imprinted. File has "Simonds Mill Smooth, USA" on heel.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
Simonds Mill
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.129
Description
Round metal file with wood handle & silver-tone metal cap into which tang is inserted. It has a slightly tapeered point. Made by Nicholson, U.S.A. Tow deep parallel scratches with a sross scratch between them on handle.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.130
Description
Round metal file with wood handle, metal cap into which tang is inserteg; tapered point; handle is tapered in center for a better grip; no manufacturing mark
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.131
Description
Round metal file, no handle, slightly tapered point; above tang is imprinted "BAST".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.132
Description
Round metal file, no handle. Manufacturing mark on tang, but not fully legible. Starts with an "S..." and made in U.S.A.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.133
Description
Pillar metal file with no handle; slightly tapered point; tang shows marking of initials "J. B. S."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.134
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, tapered point. No manufacturer's marks.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.135
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, point not tapered; overall length = 10 ¼"; no manufacturer's marks.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.136
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, point slightly tapered; overall length = 7 13/16"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.137
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle; overall length = 7 5/8" ; three manufacturer's marks on heel, above tang: Nicholson - Made in U.S.A. - Warranted.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.138
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 7 3/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.139
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, point not tapered; overall length = 6 7/8"; mark on tang: "ARCAD."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.140
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 7"; manufacturer's mark on tang: Nicholson - Made in U.S.A. - Warranted.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.141
Description
Triangular file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 6 5/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.142
Description
Triangular file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 6 9/16"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.143
Description
Triangular file, no handle, point not tapered; overall length = 6 5/16"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.144
Description
Triangular file, no handle, tapered point; overall length = 5 7/8"; three stars stamped into tang, with "OAS-USA" also imprinted on another side of the tang; no heel on this file and tang is only slight tapered with a bend at the end.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.145
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, slightly tapered, squared off end; overall length = 10 ¼"; has a definite heel; manufacturer's mark on file heel shows an anvil with letters, possibly "PT" or "RT" and below that "CO."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.146
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, point not tapered but squared off; overall length = 8 7/16"; manufacturer's mark shows a zero above the name Nicholson, on heel.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.147
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, squared point; overall length = 8 ½"; manufacturer's mark on heel shows a "1" and Nicholson.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.148
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, squared point; overall length = 8 5/16"; manufacturer's mark on heel shows a "1" and Nicholson.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.149
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 5 5/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.150
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, point not tapered, squared off; overall length = 6"; manufacturer's mark on heel showing a zero and Nicholson.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.155
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, broken untampered tang, or possible part of the file itself as it has ridges; square end damaged; length = 7 1/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File, Portable
Name/Title
File, Portable
Entry/Object ID
1965.63.4
Description
Leather account case or roll. The long strip of leather is stored rolled up and unrolls to expose alphabetized slots to hold narrow paper receipts and payment notations. The slots are formed by weaving a narrow strip of leather through evenly-placed slits along the center of the roll.
Context
Likely used by a shopkeeper in Berkshire, Vermont
Acquisition
1965.63
Made or Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Fireplace Tongs
Name/Title
Fireplace Tongs
Entry/Object ID
1964.15.3a
Description
Large iron tongs with circular ends. The connecting end flares outward in a U shape before meeting in a single post that culminates in a round finial.
Use
Used to pick up burning embers from within a fire.
Context
Found in West Hubbardton, Vermont. Believed to have been used by a British encampment there during the Revolutionary War.
Acquisition
1964.15
Made or Created
1806
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Hubbardton
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Related Event
American Revolutionary War
Firkin
Name/Title
Firkin
Entry/Object ID
1954.17.6
Description
White-painted wooden firkin. The firkin is made of narrow wooden board held together with metal straps. There is a U-shaped metal handle.
Acquisition
1954.17
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal, Paint
Fish Spear
Name/Title
Fish Spear
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.20
Description
Wooden fishing spear consisting of a long turned wooden handle culminating in two side wings and central carved spike. The wings are held onto the handle with jute twine, and the spike is inserted into the center of the handle.

Reproduction.
Context
Made by students at Johnson State College for the Lake Champlain Quadricentennial Celebration in 2007.
Acquisition
2017.3
Made or Created
2007
Ethnography
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Johnson State College
Flail
Name/Title
Flail
Entry/Object ID
1997.41.2
Description
Wooden flail consisting of two round wooden dowel that taper slightly toward one end. The wider ends are connected with a buckled leather strap.
Context
Used by a member of the Taplin family of Corinth, Vermont or a member of the Cunningham family of Bradford, Vermont
Acquisition
1997.41
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Relationships
,
Flint
Name/Title
Flint
Entry/Object ID
1935.4.2a-c
Description
Leather wallet with an arrowhead-shaped flint and c-shaped iron striker.
Use
Used to start fires
Context
Owned by Jehiel Johns, the first settler of Huntington, Vermont
Acquisition
1935.4
Made or Created
1786
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Iron, Flint
Relationships
Johns, Jehiel
Related Place
Town
Huntington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Flour Bag
Name/Title
Flour Bag
Entry/Object ID
2020.27.1
Description
Zip-top plastic bag. The bag is red and white with the label, "UNBLEACHED ALL-PURPOSE FLOUR". It has a large label showing a crusader surrounded by the inscription, "King Arthur Flour". The back of the bag is printed with nutritional information and a note saying, "During these unprecedented times, and as we work to restock stores around the country, we're finding new ways to supply you with flour so that you can keep baking. To help bridge the gap until stores are restocked nationwide, we're offering this 3lb. bag of flour for a limited time."
Context
Made by King Arthur Flour as a response to nation-wide flour shortages at the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Acquisition
2020.27
Made or Created
King Arthur Baking Company
2020
Lexicon
Relationships
Related Event
Covid-19 Pandemic
Folding Rule
Name/Title
Folding Rule
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.4
Description
Bi-folding ruler. Each half is 12-inches long with brass ends and joint. Demarcations are 1/8" along one edge, 1/16" the other.
Context
Made in Brattleboro, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made or Created
1830-1870
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Brass
Folding Ruler
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Folding Ruler
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.99
Description
Folding ruler (or rule) made of brass-mounted boxwood with a brass knuckle hinge and an arch joint. There are four sections when open. The markings are only on hte wood, not the brass. There are small brass pins to keep the ruler together when folded. The manufacturer's mark reads "W. & L. E. Gurley."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
W. & L. E. Gurley
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Boxwood, Brass
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Folding Ruler
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Folding Ruler
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.98
Description
Folding ruler (or rule) of brass-mounted boxwood with a brass knuckle hinge and a square joint. It consists of 4 sections when open. The markings, both numerical and alphabetical, run on the wood as well as the brass, including on the edges, with depth measurements. There are small brass pins to keep the ruler together when folded. The manufacturer's mark reads, "W. & L. E. Gurley."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
W. & L. E. Gurley
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Boxwood, Brass
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Folding Ruler
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Folding Ruler
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.100
Description
Two-fold wooden ruler (or rule) with brass slide and knuckle hinge. There is a single brass pin to keep the ruler together when folded.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Brass
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Food Chopper
Name/Title
Food Chopper
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.13
Description
Meat and food chopper with a wooden handle and curved blade. The turned wooden handle is attached to the metal portion at the center. It sits parallel to the blade.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Ludlow
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Food Mold
Name/Title
Food Mold
Entry/Object ID
1946.16.3
Description
Iron food mold consisting of 9 cushion-shaped molds attached corner-to-side to form a single piece. The outside of the molds are marked with two-to-three letters per individual mold that together read, "MRS HILTON CHESTER VERMONT." The back half of the mold is missing.
Context
Owned by Mrs. Hilton Chester in Vermont
Acquisition
1946.16
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Food Storage Box
Name/Title
Food Storage Box
Entry/Object ID
1944.9.3a-b
Description
Round wooden box with cover, no handle.
Acquisition
1944.9
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Foot Warmer
Name/Title
Foot Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1951.7
Description
Foot warmer consisting of a wooden frame and punched tin sides. The wooden frame has a square top and bottom connected with turned wooden columns at each corner. The columns are painted gold. Inside the frame is a punched tin box. The punches are in the shape of a circle with a heart in the center and hearts in the corners. There are two eye rings on the top for attaching a wire handle.
Use
When filled with coals or hot ashes, the box could act as a small, portable heater.
Acquisition
1951.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Foot Warmer
Name/Title
Foot Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1922.2.1a-b
Description
Wooden foot warmer with metal insert. The warmer is a red-painted wooden box with holes drilled into the top (and two large splits). A wire handle attaches to either side. Inside the box is a metal dish above a flat sheet of metal.
Acquisition
1922.2
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Foot Warmer
Name/Title
Foot Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1934.3
Description
Punched metal footwarmer. The sides are punched with holes in circular designs as wells as diamond shaped that do not pierce through the metal. One side opens outward and has a looped wire handle. The wooden frame and bail are now missing.
Use
Filled with hot coals, this could be used as a small, portable heater.
Context
Used by Mary Barrett Crane in Townshend, Vermont
Acquisition
1934.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Crane, Mary Barrett (1821-1860)
Related Place
Town
Townshend
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Foot Warmer
Name/Title
Foot Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1947.6.8a
Description
Foot warmer consisting of a wooden frame and punched tin sides. The wooden frame has a square top and bottom connected with turned wooden columns at each corner. Inside the frame is a punched tin box. the punches are in the shape of a circle with a cross through the center and 5-pointed stars in each quadrant. There is a U-shaped wire handle across the top.
Acquisition
1947.6
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Grafton
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Fragments
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Fragments
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.121a-d
Description
Four metal fragments. Two appear to be small wedges, one is S-shaped, and one has ridges.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Froe
Name/Title
Froe
Entry/Object ID
1947.2.3
Description
Shingle froe consisting of a thick metal blade set perpendicularly onto a short, round wooden handle.
Context
Owned by Alfred Wheelock of Plymouth, Vermont
Acquisition
1947.2
Lexicon
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Plymouth
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Garment Rack
Name/Title
Garment Rack
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.75a-x
Description
Clothing rack set in the shape of a fawn. The rack is disassembled, but includes a head, two ears, a long neck, a body, a tail, and three long legs. The pieces are in the original box and accompanied by the assembly instructions. The box is printed with the label, "#303 FAWN TRAINING CLOTHES RACK NEWTON AND THOMPSON, INC. BRANDON, VERMONT / BLUE".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1950-circa 1970
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Glass Plate Negative
Name/Title
Glass Plate Negative
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.3a-f
Description
6 glass plate negatives in their sleeves, presumably undeveloped. Each sleeve consists of a wooden frame with a leather hinge on the bottom, similar to a bookbinding. The center part of one side is black-dyed wood or cardstock, while the other is black mica. The mica side attaches to a wooden handle that spans the width of the frame in order to be pulled up to expose the glass plate to light. The handle is held in place by a t-pin to prevent accidental exposure. The pin can be twisted when the user is ready to expose the plates. The top of either side of each frame is marked in pencil with "Portrait No. " and numbered 1-12. The inscription, "ROCHESTER OPTICAL CO./ROCHESTER, N.Y." is pressed into the side of each frame.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal, Mica, Glass
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Glass Plate Negatives
Name/Title
Glass Plate Negatives
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.19a-f
Description
Sheaths (6) for glass plate negatives. Each sheath consists of a black metal rectangle with the edges folded in. They each bear the inscription "No. 3/EASTMAN FILM/SHEATH/5 X 7/MADE IN U.S.A./BY/EASTMAN KODAK CO./ROCHESTER, N. Y./PATENTED IN U. S. A./MAY 11, 1915."
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Glove Box
Name/Title
Glove Box
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.76
Description
An intricately carved wooden box with a key. A previous display label says it is a glove box from the orphanage of the Trinitarian Nuns of Lyon. The carving is of vines, with a cross on the lid. It is lined with red velvet.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Silk
Gluepot
Name/Title
Gluepot
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.107ab
Description
Metal gluepot consisting of inner and outer sections. The inner section lifts out of the larger put with a wire handle. The larger pot is molded with the label, "000".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Gold Leaf
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Gold Leaf
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.122
Description
Blue paper packet of gold leaf, which has turned mostly to powder.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Materials
Gold, Paper
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hair Dryer
Interpretative Labels
Hair Dryer, 1950-1960 Standard Products Corp. Whitman, MA Metal Gift of Olive Romerio Franzi, 2008.59.5ab Some innovations are no less important because they are small and highly personal. The hair dryer was invented in France in the 1890s, and became available for personal purchase in the 1920s. By the 1950s and 1960s, two major changes had greatly improved the tool: using plastic for the casing, making it lighter and easier to hold up for the necessary time, and an improved electrical motor, making it heat up faster and more efficiently. Millions of American women entered the workforce during World War II, and many of them never left, continuing to make gains through the second half of the 20th century. With that rising tide of women’s participation in the economy and the business life of America came the need for less expensive, more accessible beauty products, of which the hair dryer was one. This hair dryer, the “Handy Hannah” model, was made out of metal, but had other improvements: it was one of the first to introduce a heat control mechanism. It was especially popular during the 1950s, and belonged to a woman in Montpelier whose career spanned five decades with Green Mountain Power.
Name/Title
Hair Dryer
Entry/Object ID
2008.59.5a-b
Description
Blue metal electric hair dryer on a stand. Dryer removes from the stand to become a hand-held model. There are two switches, one for ON/OFF and one for HOT/COLD. A metal plate attached to the hand-held piece identifies this as a HANDY-HANNAH electric Hair dryer from the Standard Products Corp, Whitman, Mass. It states 215 watts - 110 - 20 volts, A.C. only, 50-60 cycles, Cat No. 595. It also has the UL symbol. The handle is a light colored wood. The electric cord is blue.

a= dryer
b=stand
Acquisition
2008.59
Made or Created
Standard Products Corporation
1950-1960
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hammer
Name/Title
Hammer
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1c
Description
Hammer consisting of a metal head with roughly carved wooden handle.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made or Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hammer
Name/Title
Hammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.1
Description
Pneumatic hammer. The hammer is a round, hollow tube of metal with a large hole in one end and a protruding nut on the other.
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.35
Made or Created
Dallett Co.
1930-1940
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hand Card
Name/Title
Hand Card
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.90ab
Description
Two rectangular wooden paddles with short metal wires set into one side.
Use
Used to pull wool fibers parallel in preparation for spinning
Context
Owned by Sarah Rice Goddard in Reading, Vermont
Acquisition
1957.1
Made or Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall (each)
Materials
Wood, Iron
Relationships
Goddard, Sarah Rice (1800-1875)
Related Place
Town
Reading
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Handle
Name/Title
Handle
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.151
Description
Wood handle, rounded and elongated, with silvertone cap and protruding threaded tip; length = 3 ¾"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Harness Maker's Vise
Name/Title
Harness Maker's Vise
Entry/Object ID
1957.11a-c
Description
Wooden harness maker's vise consisting of a bone-shaped bench with a large wooden vise attached to the middle. The vise is fitted with leather straps, and there are two wooden arms attached to its base.
Acquisition
1957.11
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Leather
Hatchel
Name/Title
Hatchel
Entry/Object ID
1934.2.1
Description
Hatchel consisting of several large, iron spikes on a wooden paddle. The spikes are arranged in a rectangle, 10 spikes long and 4 spikes wide. The paddle-shaped base has a handle with a hole drilled through it for hanging.
Use
Used to straighten and align flax fibers for making linen
Acquisition
1934.2
Lexicon
Hatchel
Name/Title
Hatchel
Entry/Object ID
1940.11.1ab
Description
Hatchel consisting of a wooden board with metal spikes and a wooden cover. The spikes are placed in offset parallel and sharpened to points on the end. The cover fits snugly over the spikes.
Use
Used to straighten and align flax fibers for making linen
Context
Used by the family of Simeon B. Titus in Vershire, Vermont
Acquisition
1940.11
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Titus, Simeon B.
Related Place
Town
Vershire
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hay Rake
Name/Title
Hay Rake
Entry/Object ID
1994.29
Description
Large wooden "bull" hay rake. The handle is a Y-shape made of two bent wood pieces. The handle attached perpendicular to a wooden rod. Five large tines spaced evening across the rod point back in the same direction as the handle. 20 large tines are pointed perpendicular to the direction of the handle.
Use
Pulled by hand to rake up the scattered hay left by a horse rake forming windrows.
Context
Used by Robert C. Morey in West Fairlee, Vermont
Acquisition
1994.29
Made or Created
circa 1920
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Morey, Robert C.
Related Place
Town
Fairlee
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hayfork
Name/Title
Hayfork
Entry/Object ID
1946.39
Description
Two tined pitchfork or hayfork with long wooden handle.
Acquisition
1946.39
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Hayfork
Name/Title
Hayfork
Entry/Object ID
1926.9
Description
Two-pronged hayfork consisting of a long, turned wooden handle and a metal tines.
Context
In 1852, John Kinsley fell onto this hayfork, impaling himself through the stomach. As he was alone at the time, he managed to remove the hayfork and walk to the house. He was eventually healed and went on to represent Fletcher, Vermont, in the state legislature.
Acquisition
1926.9
Made or Created
1850
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Kinsley, John (1810-1892)
Related Place
Town
Fletcher
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hayfork
Name/Title
Hayfork
Entry/Object ID
1935.2
Description
The head of a pitchfork (without its handle). The piece consists of two tines and a tang.
Acquisition
1935.2
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Historic Relic
Name/Title
Historic Relic
Entry/Object ID
1864.1ab
Description
Wood fragment and piece of paper documentation. The wood board has a hole drilled through one corner, into which a blue ribbon has been attached.
Context
From the first framed building in Burlington, built by Stephen Lawrence. Taken from the structure in 1864 by Sarah E. Lund.
Acquisition
1864.1
Made or Created
1783-1793
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Lawrence, Stephen ( -1789)
Hole Punch
Name/Title
Hole Punch
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.153
Description
Metal too with one square end one end shaped like a tube; slot in one side that is tapered; tube end has a piece of wood inserted tightly in it; square end looks like a nail head; on the square end is the manufacturer's mark "V & B No. 8" (possibly Vaughan & Bushnell); overall it looks similar to a nail set or punch; length = 3 15/16".
Use
Used to punch holes in leather
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Hoof Parer
Name/Title
Hoof Parer
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.19
Description
Hoof parer consisting of an L-shaped metal tool attached to a turned wooden handle. The handle ends in a round knob.
Use
Used to reshape a hoof back to its standard size by trimming it.
Acquisition
1944.7
Lexicon
Hourglass
Name/Title
Hourglass
Entry/Object ID
1935.5.1a-c
Description
Hourglass consisting of a teardrop-shaped glass bottle inside a cylindrical wooden cage. The cage consists of two round pieces of wood connected with five turned wood posts. One half of the glass is missing.
Context
Owned by Lucien A. Edson in Randolph, Vermont
Acquisition
1935.5
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Glass
Relationships
Edson, Lucian A. (1843-1918)
Related Place
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Howell Plane
Name/Title
Howell Plane
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.7
Description
Wooden tool with iron blade. The tool is roughly a semicircle with round handles on either end. One side has an attached smaller semicircle, the other a 1/12" iron blade inserted like a plane.
Use
Used by a cooper to cut the groove around the gathered staves to receive the head.
Acquisition
1975.494
Made or Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron
Inkwell
Name/Title
Inkwell
Entry/Object ID
1946.15.1
Description
Round, soapstone inkwell. The top has three small holes around a large, central hole. The sides are scribed with vertical lines.
Acquisition
1946.15
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Iron, Soldering
Name/Title
Iron, Soldering
Entry/Object ID
1966.15.15b
Description
Metal soldering iron. One end is a pointed cuboid and other is a round black handle.
Context
Used by either Ithamar Allen or one of his descendents in Northfield, Vermont
Acquisition
1966.15
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Northfield
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Jewelry Box
Name/Title
Jewelry Box
Entry/Object ID
1979.5.1a-b
Description
Rectangular jewelry or trinket box made of red Swanton marble. Each side of the box is convex with four facets, as is the lid. The underside of the lid is completely flat, allowing it to slide freely across the top of the box. The center of the lid has a conical knob that flares toward the top. The interior is lined with low-pile velvet.
Context
Made by Frank Root in Swanton, Vermont out of marble from Swanton, Vermont
Acquisition
1979.5
Made or Created
Artist
Root, Frank A. (1881-1952)
1952
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Marble
Jig
Name/Title
Jig
Entry/Object ID
2013.16a-c
Description
Wooden basket-making jig consisting of a movable arm and a round holder. The arm lifts by pulling on an attached handle that protrudes from the beneath the holder. There are an additional holder beam.
Context
Made and used by Newton Washburn
Acquisition
2013.16
Made or Created
Artist
Washburn, Newton Everett (1915-2011)
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Stowe
County
Lamoille County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Jigsaw
Name/Title
Jigsaw
Entry/Object ID
1976.14.3
Description
Wooden jig saw, set up for a belt driven operation. The saw is attached to a rectangular table. There is a treadle at the bottom that is attached to an upper treadle with a metal pole. The opposite end of the upper treadle is attached to the saw blade, moving it up and down.
Context
Found in Middlebury, Vermont
Acquisition
1976.14
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Middlebury
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Jointer Plane
Name/Title
Jointer Plane
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.14
Description
Double bladed jointer plane with wedge tapers in the front. The blade bears a mark that cannot be read without removing it. End of block has incised mark, "H H READ/WILMINGTON, VT".
Context
Made by H. H. Read in Wilmington, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made or Created
H. H. Read
1858-1859
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Kettle
Name/Title
Kettle
Entry/Object ID
1919.4.4a-b
Description
Brass kettle or Dutch oven with lid. The round pot has straight, flared sides, and a thick wire handle that attaches to either end of the rim.
Context
Carred by John Eddy from East Calais, Vermont, to Walden, Vermont, ca. 1800.
Acquisition
1919.4
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Eddy, John
,
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
1976.19.2
Description
Small key attached to a large tag. The key is attached to the tag with a metal o-ring. The tag is stamped with a logo of the letter P within a wreath and the label, "416 / PAVILION HOTEL / MONTPELIER VT."
Context
Used to open room 416 of the Pavilion Hotel in Montpelier, Vermont. Owned by William Doty, the last resident of the hotel.
Acquisition
1976.19
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Relationships
,
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
1976.19.3
Description
Small metal key attached to a large, plastic tag with a metal o-ring. The black plastic tag is printed with the label, "HOTEL PAVILION MONTPELIER, VERMONT 416" and a circular label saying, "DROP IN ANY MAIL BOX / WE GUARANTEE POSTAGE". "O. W. Doty" is scratched into the back of the tag, and "416" is stamped into the key.
Context
Used to open room 416 of the Pavilion Hotel in Montpelier, Vermont. Owned by William Doty, the last resident of the hotel.
Acquisition
1976.19
Lexicon
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
,
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
1976.19.4
Description
Small metal key attached to a large, plastic tag with a metal o-ring. The black plastic tag is printed with the label, "HOTEL PAVILION MONTPELIER, VERMONT 416" and a circular label saying, "DROP IN ANY MAIL BOX / WE GUARANTEE POSTAGE". "O. W. Doty" is scratched into the back of the tag, and "416" is stamped into the key.
Context
Used to open the door to room 416 in the Pavilion Hotel in Montpelier, Vermont. Owned by William Doty, the last resident of the hotel.
Acquisition
1976.19
Lexicon
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
,
Knife
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Knife
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.116
Description
Knife with hand-carved wooden handle, and a brass ring where the blade and the handle connect. The blade is angled at the tip.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Brass, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Knife
Name/Title
Knife
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.156
Description
Knife, wood handle, metal blade with a squared-off angled tip; brass cap between the blade and the handle; no manufacturer's mark; length = 5".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Label Printer
Interpretative Labels
Monarch Pathfinder Label Printer, 1915 Monarch Marking System Company (1901-present) Dayton, OH Metal, wood Gift of Edward Corrigan, #2006.61.25 Some pieces of technology in Vermont were widely available commercially and highly specific to their specific jobs. This label printing machine came from The Homer Fitts Company, a clothing and dry goods store that operated on Main Street in Barre for 120 years, from 1886-2006. It was used to create price tags and could be customized in-house using the interchangeable type in the drawer on the bottom. Interestingly, Monarch still makes a label printer called the Pathfinder today.
Name/Title
Label Printer
Entry/Object ID
2006.61.25a-b
Description
Crank printing press for stamping out price tags, with drawer at bottom containing price type (numbers and letters).

The main unit is black metal with an inside space for housing a roll of blank price tags. On the right side is a circular crank with a wooden knob. The type is inserted into a mechanism at the top, which contains rollers and an ink pad. The tags thread through to the front where they may be individually torn off. Along side this is a metal attachment which reads: "Insert ticket strip here and push to here" with an arrow indicating direction. The blank price tags are imprinted at the top: "The Homer Fitts Co./ Barre, Vermont". A circular metal green label with black printing is attached to the metal crank on the side and imprinted: "MONARCH PATHFINDER" with a lion's heads on each side, and printed in the center: "A Product of THE MONARCH/ Marking System Company/ Dayton, Ohio. L.A. Calif." This metal unit sits on a wooden base and has a metal label attached to front which reads: "THE/ MONARCH/ MARKING SYSTEM COMPANY" and gives factory locations, patent numbers and model number.

A drawer in the wooden base holds the metal letters and numbers.
Context
Used in the Homer Fitts Store in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2006.61
Made or Created
Monarch Marking System Company (1901-present)
1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Paper, Wood
Relationships
The Homer Fitts Company
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Lathe
Name/Title
Lathe
Entry/Object ID
1976.14.2
Description
Foot-powered wood-turning lathe. The frame is entirely wood and shaped like a sawhorse. There is a large wheel beneath the frame at one side that turns with a foot treadle. A band (now missing) loops from the large wooden wheel to a small wheel bolted at the top of the frame. The small wheel is connected to a post. Another post is attached to the opposite side of the frame.
Use
Used to turn wood
Context
Attributed to a furniture factory in Cambridge, Vermont
Acquisition
1976.14
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Cambridge
County
Lamoille County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Lens
Name/Title
Lens
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.18ab
Description
Magifying camera lens with case. The lens consists of a higly curved, cicular piece of glass set into a round frame that extends forward on both the front and the back. The back of the frame is threaded for securing the lens into the camera. The frame bears the inscription "12 in." indicated focus distance. The case is a square, leather envelope secured with a snap.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Glass, Leather
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Log Rule
Name/Title
Log Rule
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.12
Description
Wooden rule with gradations scored into the edge and numerals applied with indelible black ink. One side bears the mark, "SCRIBNER", and the other says "Made by /C.S. Manchester/March 1889."
Handmade, very likely by a professional log scaler for his own use, The Scribner rule for calculating board feet from logs was invented by an engineer named Scribner.
Context
Made by C. S. Manchester
Acquisition
1975.494
Made or Created
C. S. Manchester
1889
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Magnifying Glass
Name/Title
Magnifying Glass
Entry/Object ID
1922.13
Description
Round magnifying lens held in a brass frame. The frame and handle are made of one strip of metal, bent to form a triangle for the handle, and curled into a whorl at the ends.
Acquisition
1922.13
Made or Created
1850-1890
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Brass, Glass
Manual Typewriter
Name/Title
Manual Typewriter
Entry/Object ID
2010.72.23
Description
Black typewriter with the label "REMINGTON RAND" at the center top. The typewriter has round, black keys marked with gold letters and numbers, plus unmarked shift keys and keys for tab, Margin Release, Set, and Clear.
Context
Used at the Cecchini Pharmacy in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2010.72
Made or Created
Remington Rand
1945-1950
20th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Cecchini Pharmacy
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Marking Gauge
Name/Title
Marking Gauge
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.13
Description
Marking gauge consisting of a wooden rod with a metal ring fitted to one side. A wood peg is inserted into the opposite end.
Use
Used to draw straight lines in set distances from an edge.
Acquisition
1944.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Match Holder
Name/Title
Match Holder
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.168
Description
Metal match holder that has two holes so it could be screwed to a wall. It was made by children at the College Moderne et Technique at Montceau Les Mines. It is made of bent and crimped tin.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Tin
Matches
Name/Title
Matches
Entry/Object ID
1939.2a-c
Description
Wooden stick matches. The matches are connected at one end with masking tap. The other ends are tapered and tipped with a red substance
Context
Made at Luke Roberts' mill in Waterbury, Vermont
Acquisition
1939.2
Made/Created
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Roberts, Luke
Maul
Name/Title
Maul
Entry/Object ID
1947.6.5
Description
Wooden post-driver. There are heavy metal bands around both ends of the head, which has blown out outside of the bands. A short wood handle is inserted into the center bottom of the head.
Acquisition
1947.6
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Grafton
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Meat Maul
Name/Title
Meat Maul
Entry/Object ID
1952.27
Description
Wooden mallet with square head. The ends of the head are carved with grooves.
Use
Used to tenderize meat by pounding it
Acquisition
1952.27
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Medical Case
Name/Title
Medical Case
Entry/Object ID
1950.8.2a-q
Description
Leather case containing surgical instruments. There are 16 pieces plus needles and thread. The case folds out with four flaps and secures with two sets of metal snaps. The interior is lined with red fabric.
Context
Owned by Dr. William A. Grover. Grover studied at Vermont Medical College in Woodstock, Vermont, in 1842, then travelled to California to practice in 1849.
Acquisition
1950.8
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Relationships
Grover, William Augustus, Vermont Medical College
,
Medical Case
Name/Title
Medical Case
Entry/Object ID
1960.191.1a-g
Description
Leather tool roll with miscellaneous blades and lances. The roll consists of an outer layer of light leather and a lining of dark leather. Across the center of the lining is a strip of dark leather, sewn down at intervals to create tubes or pockets. Bladed tools with tortoiseshell handles are inserted into the pockets. There are leather flaps at both the top and bottom, and the case closes by rolling it up.
Context
Used by Dr. Amori Benson in Landgrove, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.191
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Metal, Tortoiseshell
Relationships
Benson, Amori (1799-1876)
Related Place
Town
Landgrove
County
Bennington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Medical Kit
Name/Title
Medical Kit
Entry/Object ID
1943.2a-g
Description
Black leather satchel containing two glasses frames (one with one lens), a small round wooden box, and four tortoiseshell knife cases.
Context
Used by Dr. Hathaway of Cabot, Vermont
Acquisition
1943.2
Made or Created
1880-1920
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tortoiseshell, Leather, Metal
Relationships
Hathaway, Clarence L. (1846-1930)
Related Place
Town
Cabot
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.85
Description
Small, turned unfinished wooden medicine bottle with a cork stopper. There is a paper label printed with, "A SURE CURE FOR/That Distressed Feeling/DIRECTION/TAKE ONCE MORNING AND NIGHT".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.86
Description
Small, unfinished wooden medicine bottle with a wooden stopper. The bottle has a simple molding at the top, and the remains of a paper label showing the inscription, "CO., Inc./MANUFACTURERS".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.87ab
Description
Cylindrical, turned wooden pill bottle or box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.95
Description
Small, turned wooden medicine bottle with a wooden stopper. It has a white paper label saying, "Will's English Pills" and directions for taking them.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.97ab
Description
Cylindrical, turned wooden pill bottle or box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Milk Can
Name/Title
Milk Can
Entry/Object ID
1981.9.1
Description
Tin cream or milk can. The top of the cover is stamped with the mark, "Franklin Co. Cry. Assoc. / St. Albans, VT." The sloping portion of the can is marked, "FCCA" in large brass letters. Each handle is marked "IRON CLAD".
Context
Made in St. Albans, Vermont and used in Fairfield, Vermont.
Acquisition
1981.9
Made or Created
Franklin County Creamery Association
1919-1939
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Fairfield
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Milk Pan
Name/Title
Milk Pan
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.217
Description
Round milk settling pan with with flared sides. The sides are pieced from five sheets.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Milk Pan
Name/Title
Milk Pan
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.216
Description
Round milk settling pan with with flared sides. The sides are pieced from five sheets.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Milk Pan
Name/Title
Milk Pan
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.218
Description
Round milk settling pan with with flared sides. The sides are pieced from four sheets.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Tin
Mirror
Name/Title
Mirror
Entry/Object ID
1969.1.18
Description
Small hand mirror with wooden frame. The frame and handle are carved as one. The mirror is oval.
Acquisition
1969.1
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Miter-box Saw
Name/Title
Miter-box Saw
Entry/Object ID
1994.51.2
Description
Saw and miter-box consisting of a handsaw inserted through a metal mount attached to two perpendicular wooden boards. There is a paper label on the backside of the miter-box that says it is a Perfection Miter Box, manufactured by Union Hardware Co. of Torrington, Conn. USA. It lists two patent dates: Jan. 8, 1901 and Dec. 23, 1902. Underneath this information are directions for use of this tool. The word "Perfection" is also found on the metal device that holds the saw in place. On the top of the saw blade are the words, "Cast steel, Henry Disston and Sons, Philadelphia and Warranted." A large screw head on the wooden handle has the company name - H. Disston & Sons and an abbreviation for Philadelphia - "Philada."
Context
Used by Joseph A. Gassette of Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1994.51
Made or Created
1902
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron, Steel
Relationships
Gassette, Joseph A. (1861-1930)
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Molding Plane
Name/Title
Molding Plane
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.1
Description
Tool for making a variety of beaded edges in wood. The tool is made of brass, and the handle is made of polished wood. The circular blade has many indentations and turns when the thumbscrew is released. The fence on the bottom of the tool acts as a guide. The tool bears a paper label reading, "Windsor Hand Bead/Pat. March 10, 1885/Pat. for imp. allowed May 6, 1885/Pool, Williams & Co., Windsor, Vt.".
Use
Used to carve molded beads into wood. The craftsman would hold the two side handles and pull the tool toward himself.
Context
Made by Pool, Williams, & Co. in Windsor, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made or Created
Pool, Williams & Co.
1885
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Brass
Molding Plane
Name/Title
Molding Plane
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.2
Description
Molding plane with wooden box-body. The box has an extended sole and shaped wedge.
Context
Made in Jamaica, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made or Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Mortar and Pestle
Name/Title
Mortar and Pestle
Entry/Object ID
1932.4.2a-b
Description
Large wooden mortar and pestle.
Context
Owned by Jonas Galusha, the sixth and eighth Governor of Vermont.
Acquisition
1932.4
Dimensions
Relationships
Galusha, Jonas (1753–1834)
Motion Picture Camera
Name/Title
Motion Picture Camera
Entry/Object ID
2021.22.1a-b
Description
Kodak home movie camera and case. The camera is rectangular and covered in black leather. A small, round metal lens sticks out from the front. At the base of the lens is a pointed mechanism for adjusting the aperture; the mechanism sticks out to indicate the f-stop on a metal chart mounted to the body of the camera. A glass viewfinder is inset into the upper left corner of the front, viewable from a glass lens at the top of the camera. There is also a pop-up metal viewfinder. A short leather handle stretches across the length of the top. The right side of the camera has a metal crank for advancing the film inside the camera. The left side of the camera has a latch for opening up the side. The camera is held in a carrying case covered on the exterior with black leather and the interior with brown wool felt.
Context
Used by Kenneth J. Kirk, Sr., and Gertrude Mackie Kirk in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2021.22
Made or Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1920-1930
Lexicon
Materials
Metal, Glass, Leather, Wool
Relationships
Kirk, Gertrude Mackie (1895-1984), Kirk, Kenneth Johnson, Sr. (1894-1981)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.18
Description
Large nail with the number 30 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
2021.5
Made or Created
1930
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
1946.12
Description
Cut nail with half of the head broken off. There is residue of white tape on side. There is white paint on top of head.
Context
Taken from the Cadwell House in Montpelier, Vermont. The Cadwell House stood on Main Street at the site of the current Blanchard Block. Both Lafayette and James Monroe were entertained there.
Acquisition
1946.12
Made or Created
1810-1890
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
1946.14
Description
Cut nail. The nail has a round head and tubular shaft that is forged into a curved point at the end.
Context
Taken from the Pitkin House in Montpelier, Vermont.
Acquisition
1946.14
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.19
Description
Large nail with the number 31 molded into its head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
2021.5
Made or Created
1931
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.21
Description
Large nail with the number 32 molded into its head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
2021.5
Made or Created
1932
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.23
Description
Large nail with the number 47 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
2021.5
Made or Created
1947
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.20
Description
Large nail with the number 31 molded into its head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
2021.5
Made or Created
1931
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
1969.35.6a-c
Description
Three wrought iron nails. Each nail has a rose head. The long nail is significantly curved.
Context
Taken from Mount Independence, a Revolutionary War fort site.
Acquisition
1969.35
Made or Created
18th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Related Place
Building
Mount Independence
Town
Orwell
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Related Event
American Revolutionary War
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.17
Description
Large nail with the number 29 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
2021.5
Made or Created
1929
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.15
Description
Large nail with the number 22 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
2021.5
Made or Created
1922
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.22
Description
Large nail with the number 32 molded into its head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
2021.5
Made or Created
1932
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.16
Description
Large nail with the number 29 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
2021.5
Made or Created
1929
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Napkin Holder
Name/Title
Napkin Holder
Entry/Object ID
2012.23.12
Description
Wooden napkin holder with the fan-tailed bird carvings attached on either side. The sides also have carvings in the wood of round flowers with leaves. The sides are attached to the base with screws. These carvings are made from one piece of cedar, which is then fanned out to form the tail.
Context
Made by Chester Nutting of Danville, Vermont
Acquisition
2012.23
Made or Created
Artist
Nutting, Chester (1900-1975)
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Needlework Basket
Name/Title
Needlework Basket
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.126
Description
Wood and cloth sewing or knitting basket. Dark, wooden arms hinge shut. Blue patterned cloth forms the sack, which is lined in solid blue material. Also two cloth handles.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Paper, Leather
Needlework Box
Name/Title
Needlework Box
Entry/Object ID
1963.30
Description
Octagonal leather sewing box. There are two small leather carrying straps, tied together at the center with a strip of brocaded silk. The interior has been relined with 1960s fabric.
Context
Used in Jericho Center, Vermont
Acquisition
1963.30
Made or Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Relationships
Related Place
Village
Jericho Center
Town
Jericho
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Pail
Name/Title
Pail
Entry/Object ID
1939.5.3a-b
Description
Round metal bucket with a metal lid. The bucket has a U-shaped wire handle that connects on opposite sides of the rim and hinges to go above the bucket. The lid has a round wire handle at the center.
Context
Used by Jane Dike in Starksboro, Vermont
Acquisition
1939.5
Made or Created
circa 1850
Lexicon
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Dike, Jane, Knight, Aldis
Related Place
Town
Starksboro
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Paint Brush
Name/Title
Paint Brush
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.79
Description
Paintbrush with an unfinished wooden handle and black bristles. The wide section of bristles are secured to the handle with a band of silver-toned metal.
Context
Made by Baker Brush Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1944-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Paint Brush
Name/Title
Paint Brush
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.80
Description
Narrow paintbrush with an unfinished handle and light-colored bristles. The bristles are attached to the handle with a silver-toned strip of metal. The handle is marked in pencil with the words "Henry Mackie/ Newton Thompson Brandon 1950s/80s".
Context
Made by Baker Brush Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1944-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Paint Roller
Name/Title
Paint Roller
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.77
Description
Paint roller on metal handle. The roller is peach-colored fibers attached to a cardboard roll. The roll is slid onto a mental paint roller handle with a plastic grip.
Context
Made by Baker Brush Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1944-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Metal, Cardboard, Nylon, Plastic
Paint Roller
Name/Title
Paint Roller
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.78
Description
Paint roller brush consisting of a tube of cardboard with fuzzy, yellow/salmon-colored fibers applied around the outside.
Context
Made by Baker Brush Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1944-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Paint Tray
Name/Title
Paint Tray
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.81
Description
Metal tray used for paint rollers. The top of the tray is stained with black and brown paint.
Context
Made by Baker Brush Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made or Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1944-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Paper Clips
Name/Title
Paper Clips
Entry/Object ID
1945.41.2ab
Description
Two metal paper clips consisting of an oval outer portion and an inner tab (now broken off). Each clip is stamped from sheet metal. Each is stamped with the inscription, "PAT. JAN. 30, '94".
Context
Salvaged from the Arsenal Fire in Montpelier, Vermont, on September 1, 1945. The Vermont Arsenal building burned down after being struck by lightning.
Acquisition
1945.41
Made or Created
1894
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall (each)
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Patent Model
Interpretative Labels
Patent Model, ca. 1878 George H. Soule Company St. Albans, VT Metal Gift of Cary H. Keith, 1985.21.1a-c George Henry Soule was born on a farm in Fairfield in 1865, and after attending Goddard Seminary in Barre, returned to take over his family’s maple sugaring operations. By 1905, the Soule family farm was one of the largest maple producers in New England, with as many as 8,000 taps. Soule began experimenting with sugaring technology in the 1890s, and soon sought a series of patents for various inventions including evaporators, sap spouts, and other equipment for gathering sap. Many of his designs were produced by other companies, but in 1915 he formed his own company to manufacture his products. The “King” Evaporator (possibly a nod to Soule’s nickname “Maple Sugar King”) was the Soule company’s signature model and featured a number of innovations. Soule himself passed away in 1937, but the Soule Company continued to produce maple equipment through the 20th century. Maple has long been one of Vermont’s most important export products, and Soule’s life and work aligned perfectly with the shift away from a maple sugar-based market to a liquid maple syrup market. That shift required innovation and creativity, and made a permanent mark on Vermont’s economy and image.
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1985.21.1a-c
Description
Patent model for a maple sap evaporator, in three parts.

There are two trays that rest on top of a base piece. The two trays hook together in the center. The left tray has some figured piping and the bottom of the pan is slats with gaps between them. It is divided horizontally into two parts. The right tray is divided horizontally into three parts, with a sealed base.

The base piece is supported by two legs on its left side and a rectangular base on its right side. On the left side, above the legs, it extends past the left tray and has a small oval opening. The base piece is formed generally into an arch. The left side of the base is a shallow pan, with a slant down to a deeper section that has slats at the bottom.

The entire model is metal, painted silver, and features the label “SOULES KING EVAPORATOR AND ARCH / Mfg By / GEO. H. SOULE CO. / St. Albans, Vt.
Context
Made by George H. Soule Company in St. Albans, VT
Acquisition
1985.21
Made or Created
George H. Soule Company
circa 1878
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Patent Model
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1946.31.4
Description
Patent model of an evaporator. The model consists of a tinned copper tray separated into 12 compartments. The center divider lists to the side, creating unequal compartments. There are four oval wire handles on the long sides near the corners.
Use
From 1790 to 1880, the US Patent Office required a three-dimensional working model to demonstrate each new invention.
Context
Model for patent number 98,816, issued to Abner Tolles of Perkinsville, Vermont, on January 11, 1870
Acquisition
1946.31
Made or Created
Artist
Tolles, A.
1870
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Copper, Tin
Relationships
Related Place
Village
Perkinsville
Town
Weathersfield
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Patent Model
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1946.31.3a-b
Description
Patent model for a scythe fastening. The model consists of a metal bracket with a metal loop bolted onto it. A paper tag attached to the model reads, "42,081. P. Frost. Scythe Fastening, &c. Patented Mar. 29, 1864." The model is stamped with the mark, "Newport, N.H. CAST STEEL".
Context
For patent number 42,081 issued to Pinkney Frost, of Springfield, Vermont
Acquisition
1946.31
Made or Created
1864
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel
Relationships
Frost, Pinkney (1808-1888)
,
Patent Model
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1946.31.6
Description
Patent model for a camp bed. The model consists of two rectangular wooden frames with wire mesh stretched across the centers. The frames are attached at one end, creating a hinged platform. There are collapsible legs beneath the longer the frame. A small metal plaque on the bottom reads, "Dr. S. A. Skinner, Bristol Vt." An attached paper tag reads, "No 36441 S. A. Skinner. Bedstead, Lounge and Chair. Patented Sept 9th 1862."
Use
From 1790 to 1880, the US Patent Office required a three-dimensional working model to demonstrate each new invention.
Context
For patent number 36,441 issued to Dr. Smith A. Skinner of Bristol, Vermont
Acquisition
1946.31
Made or Created
1862
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Skinner, Smith Austin (1824-1905)
Related Place
Town
Bristol
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Related Event
Civil War
Patent Model
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1946.31.1a-b
Description
Patent model of a milk cooler. The cooler is a metal tub with grate over the top set into a wooden table with a hinged and paneled lid. There is space on both sides of the tub for cold water or ice. When closed, there is a small hole in the lid directly above the metal tub. There is a paper tag attached with a metal wire that reads, "Pat. no. 227,007 S. Hill Milk Cooler Patented Apr 27, 1880."
Context
Made for a patent issued to S. Hill of Greensboro, Vermont
Acquisition
1946.31
Made or Created
1880
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Greensboro
County
Orleans County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Patent Model
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1946.31.2
Description
Patent model of a horse-powered machine. The model consists of two green metal ovals connects in the middle with three green metal brackets. A red metal track sits in grooves along the inside of the U-shaped pieces, creating a continuous loop.
Use
From 1790 to 1880, the US Patent Office required a three-dimensional working model to demonstrate each new invention.
Context
For patent number 2.83B, issued to A. W. Gray on October 26, 1842. Gray was a manufacturer of farm machinery in Middletown Springs, Vermont.
Acquisition
1946.31
Made or Created
1842
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
A. W. Gray & Sons
Related Place
Town
Middletown Springs
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Patent Model
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1946.31.5
Description
Patent model of wooden window shutters. The miniature shutter sits on a rectangular wooden base, and the blinds open and close with a vertical wooden dowel attached to wire eyes at the center of each blind. The bottom of the dowel is attached to a metal disk that rotates as the dowel is moved. A paper tag in a metal frame is attached to the model with a wire and reads, "No. 64,588 F. R. Smith. Blind Slat Fastenings. Patented May, 7th 1867." The name "F. R. Smith" is painted in red at the top of the shutter, and "BENNINGTON, VT." is painted at the bottom.
Use
From 1790 to 1880, the US Patent Office required a three-dimensional working model to demonstrate each new invention.
Context
For patent number 64,588 issued to F. R. Smith of Bennington, Vermont
Acquisition
1946.31
Made or Created
1867
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Smith, F. R.
Related Place
City
Bennington
County
Bennington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Patent Model
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1946.31.8a-b
Description
Patent model for a window shutter mechanism. The model consists of two matching boxes, each with a door that opens and closes via a series of gears. The back is left open to access the interior workings. A rectangular paper label on each door reads, "EDWARD MATTOCKS, Lyndon, Vermont." A paper tag attached to the model reads, "No. 27,372 E. Mattocks, Shutter Operator. Patented Mar. 6th 1860."
Context
For patent number 27,372 issued to Edward Mattocks of Lyndon, Vermont
Acquisition
1946.31
Made or Created
1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Mattocks, Edward
Related Place
Town
Lyndon
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Patent Model
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1978.6.3
Description
Patent model for a milk cooler composed of a shallow rectangular pan with a center drain set inside a larger rectangular pan. The bottom pan has corner ledges to hold up the inner pan. A water pipe empties into the center of the cooling pan and drains from the other end. A bolt and nut tightens the inner pan down for complete drainage. It is accompanied by a paper tag with the inked inscription, "No. 149.705 / Aug. R. Bailey / Milk-Cooler / Patented April 14/ 1874."
Context
Made by Augustus R. Bailey of Elmore, Vermont
Acquisition
1978.6
Made or Created
Artist
Bailey, Augustus R. (1825-1878)
1874
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Patent Model
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1978.22.2
Description
Patent model of a shearing machine. The model is made of metal and has two sets of cutting blades. It is accompanied by a tag that reads, "No 207,092 A. Woolson [illeg] Cloth Shearing Mach. Patented Aug. 13" 1878."
Context
Patent model for cloth shearing machine made by A. Woolson of Springfield, Vermont
Acquisition
1978.22
Made or Created
1878
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Paper
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Springfield
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Patent Model
Interpretative Labels
Patent Model, 1868 Benjamin F. Wheeler Calais, Vermont Wood, metal Gift of Myrtie B. Wheeler, 1966.19.1 The United States Patent and Trademark Office required inventors to submit a patent model for their designs from 1790 – 1880. Models could be no larger than 12” in any direction. The requirement was a way to make the patent process accessible to homegrown inventors who might not have the drafting or engineering expertise necessary to submit a full, formal patent application. Inventors can still submit a patent model today, particularly in situations where a working model would provide better evidence of their design than the patent application itself. Thanks to several fires at the patent offices in Washington, D.C., many patent models have been lost over the years; others were dispersed in subsequent sales. The Vermont Historical Society possesses a number of patent models related to Vermont inventions. This patent model showing a new design for carriage brakes was submitted by Benjamin Wheeler. We don’t know much about him other than he primarily worked as a farmer, and submitted this and one patent for a carriage braking system, also in the VHS collections (1966.19.1).
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1966.19.1
Description
Patent model of a new system for sleigh brakes.

The model is of the chassis system of a sleigh only, constructed from metal and wood. The wood is painted blue. The sleigh rails are in two pieces, and the chassis can pivot at the center. The braking system can be activated from the middle of the chassis, and drops a metal hook down from the rear of the chassis to drag into the snow.

On a strip of wood at the front of the chassis is a small metal plaque with the inscription “B.F. WHEELER’S / PATENT JULY 21ST 1868”
Context
Made by Benjamin F. Wheeler of Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1966.19
Made or Created
Artist
Wheeler, Benjamin F.
1868
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Patent Model
Interpretative Labels
Patent Model Benjamin F. Wheeler Calais, Vermont Wood, metal Gift of Myrtie B. Wheeler, 1966.19.2ab The United States Patent and Trademark Office required inventors to submit a patent model for their designs from 1790 – 1880. Models could be no larger than 12” in any direction. The requirement was a way to make the patent process accessible to homegrown inventors who might not have the drafting or engineering expertise necessary to submit a full, formal patent application. Inventors can still submit a patent model today, particularly in situations where a working model would provide better evidence of their design than the patent application itself. Thanks to several fires at the patent offices in Washington, D.C., many patent models have been lost over the years; others were dispersed in subsequent sales. The Vermont Historical Society possesses a number of patent models related to Vermont inventions. This patent model showing a new design for carriage brakes was submitted by Benjamin Wheeler. We don’t know much about him other than he primarily worked as a farmer, and submitted this and one patent for a sleigh braking system, also in the VHS collections (1966.19.1).
Name/Title
Patent Model
Entry/Object ID
1966.19.2ab
Description
Patent model of a new system for carriage brakes.

The model is just the chassis and wheels of the carriage, in two pieces. The pieces are held together through a pin that connects the front axle to the body of the chassis.

The whole chassis is made of wood and metal, with four wheels, the front pair smaller than the rear. The braking system is activated when the carriage rolls backward, or by a hand brake that is connected to a lever at the left front of the chassis.

The brakes themselves are in front of the rear carriage wheels, held in place by a strip going horizontally across the width of the chassis. When the lever is activated, the wood strip slides backwards and engages the brakes.
Context
Made by Benjamin F. Wheeler of Calais, VT
Acquisition
1966.19
Made or Created
Artist
Wheeler, Benjamin F.
1868
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Peel
Name/Title
Peel
Entry/Object ID
1964.15.1
Description
Iron peel. The peel has a flat, shovel-like blade on one end, and the other end is formed into two curls, similar in appearance to a pretzel.
Use
Used to remove items, such as bread loaves, from ovens.
Context
Found in West Hubbardton, Vermont. Believed to have been used by a British encampment there during the Revolutionary War.
Acquisition
1964.15
Made or Created
1806
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Hubbardton
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Related Event
American Revolutionary War
Pen
Name/Title
Pen
Entry/Object ID
2011.1.31
Description
Green plastic ballpoint pen with cap. The pen bears the white printed inscription, "CATAMOUNT FENCE CO. Cornwall VT - 802 462 3380".
Context
Made for Catamount Fence Company of Cornwall, Vermont.
Acquisition
2011.1
Made or Created
2010
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic
Relationships
Catamount Fence Company
Related Place
Town
Cornwall
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Pencil
Name/Title
Pencil
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.24
Description
Wooden pencil. The pencil is sharpened at one end. The side bears the gold inscription "DIXON'S AMERICAN GRAPHITE H-No4" and the impressed inscription "OS. DIXON CRUCIBLE CO. JERSEY CITY, N.J."
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
Dixon Crucible Co.
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Graphite
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Pencil
Name/Title
Pencil
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.25
Description
Pencil handle consisting of a burgundy length of wood capped with white plastic on one side and a metal lead holder on the other.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made or Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Pencil
Name/Title
Pencil
Entry/Object ID
2000.19.9
Description
Black wooden pencil with gold lettering and a pink eraser at one end held in a gold-toned metal crimp. The text on the pencil reads, "Trinity College".
Context
Made for Trinity College of Vermont, a college in Burlington, Vermont, from 1925 to 2000.
Acquisition
2000.19
Made or Created
2000
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Graphite, Metal, Rubber
Relationships
Trinity College of Vermont
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Pencil Box
Name/Title
Pencil Box
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.79
Description
A black, lacquered wooden box with a picture of children playing tennis on the lid and three compartments for pencils, erasers or other smaller items. A button opens the latch. Metal hinges.
Acquisition
1964.63
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Pencil Box
Name/Title
Pencil Box
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.80
Description
A black, lacquered wooden box with a picture of skiers and sledders on the lid and three compartments for pencils, erasers or other smaller items. A button opens the latch. Metal hinges.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Pencil Box
Name/Title
Pencil Box
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.81
Description
A black, lacquered wooden box with a picture of polo riders on the lid and three compartments for pencils, erasers or other smaller items. A button opens the latch. Metal hinges.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Pencil Box
Name/Title
Pencil Box
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.82
Description
A black, lacquered wooden box with a picture of runners on the lid and three compartments for pencils, erasers or other smaller items. A button opens the latch. Metal hinges.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Pencil Box
Name/Title
Pencil Box
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.83
Description
A black, lacquered wooden box with a picture of fishermen and boats on the lid and three compartments for pencils, erasers or other smaller items. A button opens the latch. Metal hinges.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Pencil Box
Name/Title
Pencil Box
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.84
Description
A black, lacquered wooden box with a picture of two cats and a dog on the lid and three compartments for pencils, erasers or other smaller items. A button opens the latch. Metal hinges.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Pencil Box
Name/Title
Pencil Box
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.85
Description
A greenish lacquered wooden box with a picture of flowers and a seaside villa on the lid and three compartments for pencils, erasers or other smaller items. A button opens the latch. Metal hinges.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Perpetual Calendar
Name/Title
Perpetual Calendar
Entry/Object ID
2015.13
Description
Perpetual calendar consisting of a metal backboard and paper counters. The top half of the board has a metal box that flips open to hold paper counters as they are passed. The box is printed with the inscription, "VERMONT MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY / ORGANIZED A.D. 1828 / MONTPELIER VERMONT". Beneath the box are two metal loops from which hang rectangular sheets of paper printed in black with a number from 1 to 31. At the center bottom is a rectangular opening that shows a portion of a rotating disk mounted to the back of the backboard. The dis is printed with abbreviations for the twelve months in a year. The back of the calendar is printed with illustrated instructions for use.
Acquisition
2015.13
Made or Created
1941
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Paper, Cardboard, Metal
Relationships
Vermont Mutual Fire
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Picnic Basket
Name/Title
Picnic Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.497.1.1-.29
Description
Brown stained woven basket with two U-shaped handles on either side. The basket has a plywood lid that hinges open on one of the long sides with brass-plated hinges. The inside of the lid is burned with the label, "Putney BasketVille (R) Vermont". Within the basket is a four-serving picnic service consisting of plastic plates divided into three sections, plastic mugs, and plastic flatware. Each piece is marked, "BASKETVILLE".
Context
Made by Basketville, Inc., in Putney, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.497
Made or Created
Basketville, Inc.
1975
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint, Plastic, Wood
Pillbox
Name/Title
Pillbox
Entry/Object ID
1963.50.4
Description
Small round wooden box. The box is formed of a small strip of veneer wood, held together with a small nail. The box originally held Newton's Jaundice wine bitters or elixir of health.
Context
Made for Israel Newton in Norwich, Vermont
Acquisition
1963.50
Made or Created
Artist
Newton, Israel (1763-1856)
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Pins
Name/Title
Pins
Entry/Object ID
1923.10
Description
Seven metal straight pins with wrapped heads.
Acquisition
1923.10
Plaiting Tool
Name/Title
Plaiting Tool
Entry/Object ID
1923.9a-b
Description
Plaiting tool consisting of a metal wire attached at one end to a small block of wood. The other end of the wire is propped up away from the block by another wire. Tied to the tool is a conical metal cap, similar to a thimble.
Use
Used for braiding straw
Context
Made by Noah Safford in Springfield, Vermont
Acquisition
1923.9
Made or Created
Artist
Safford, Noah
1840
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal
Plane
Name/Title
Plane
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.9
Description
Small brass and steel tool. A grooved brass frame holds a steel bar that is attached with a screw. Incised mark: "A. Worthington, Saxtons River, Vt."
Context
Made in Saxtons River, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made or Created
A. Worthington
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Plane
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Plane
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.115a-c
Description
Metal parts for a wood plane. The parts are the blade attached to the chip breaker, and two other unidentifiable pieces.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made or Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Blade
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent