Objects - Military, Weapons, and Firearms

Our militaria includes objects used during wartime as well as presentation weapons and general firearms. With particularly robust collections of Civil War and World War II materials, we honor the sacrifices of Vermonters past and present.

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Aiguillette
Name/Title
Aiguillette
Entry/Object ID
1951.29.2
Description
Black and gold woven cord. The cord loops three times, and the loops are held together by a woven ring. The two ends are capped with large, acorn-shaped tags or aglets, covered in the same woven material as the cords.
Context
Owned by Christopher C. Putnam, Jr. of Middlesex, VT, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1951.29
Source or Donor
Putnam, Ralph W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Silk, Wood
Relationships
Putnam, Christopher C. (1839-1924)
Middlesex
Civil War
Banner
Name/Title
Banner
Entry/Object ID
2003.88
Description
Small red-and-white flag with three blue stars down the center. The flag is made of a white satin-woven synthetic fabric; both the red and blue elements are a thick plastic-like substance applied to the surface of the fabric. The top edge has been folded over and there is a dowel through it. There is a synthetic gold cord applied to either end of the dowel to hang it by. Each end of the dowel is capped with a small, gold-toned plastic spear tip.
Context
Owned by Frank B. Easton, Sr. of Newport, VT. It was given to him as a Christmas gift in 1943, and indicates that he had three children serving in WWII: Dan, Bim, and Frank Jr.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2003.88
Source or Donor
Easton, Frank Birch, Jr. (1916-2009)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Easton, Penelope
1943
United States of America
Materials
Fabric, Wood, Cording
Relationships
Easton, Frank Birch, Sr. (1878-1948)
Newport
World War II
Belt
Name/Title
Belt
Entry/Object ID
2002.25.6
Description
Khaki canvas belt. The belt has a black-painted metal belt buckle on one end and a metal tab on the other.
Context
Worn by Leroy James Dopp, Jr. of Burlington, VT, during World War II.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2002.25
Source or Donor
Dopp, Sarah L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Leroy J. Dopp, Jr.
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Belt
Male
Fabric
Canvas
Material
Cotton
Made or Created
20th Century
United States of America
Relationships
Dopp, Leroy James Jr., (1910-1995)
Burlington
World War II
Book
Name/Title
Book
Entry/Object ID
1951.27.2
Description
Small book with missing cover. There are two holes in the book that increase in size toward the interior. The book contains and alphabetical list of English words, with no definitions or additional information.
Use
Used to teach and practice reading aloud.
Context
Owned by John Bain of Burlington, Vermont. Likely sent to him as a Christmas present during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1951.27
Source or Donor
Scott, Lillian Agnes
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1860-1865
Materials
Paper, Leather
Relationships
Bain, John J. (1809-1874)
Burlington
Civil War
Breast Collar
Name/Title
Breast Collar
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.1.3 a-c
Description
Breast collar, or breastplate, consisting of a breastplate, girthstrap and martingale attachment. The piece has leather construction with a large shield in center. The shield is made of leather and covered with enameled leather that is quite degraded. Affixed to the shield is an eagle, most likely of made of brass. The piece has brass buckles. The side pieces of the breastplate have a layer of enameled (colored) leather sewn to base layer that is cracked and in some places is detached from base layer. The girthstrap has torn off.
Context
Owned by Major General George Stannard during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1930.3
Source or Donor
Grand Army of the Republic, George Stannard Post
Made or Created
1860
New York City
Materials
Leather, Brass
Relationships
Stannard, George Jerrison (1820-1886), Grand Army of the Republic
Georgia
Civil War
Bridle
Name/Title
Bridle
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.1.2 ab
Description
Bridle consisting of headstall and bit. The leather headstall has two cast metal rosettes with eagles. There are remnants of colored enameled leather on the browband. There are two sets of reins: one sewn together at the ends and one buckled. The martingale attachment that attaches to a breastplate is strung through lower set of reins by brass rings. Two leather round rein stops are strung through the lower set of reins. The iron bit is brass plated with two large eagle bosses on either side.
Context
Used by Major General George Stannard during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1930.3
Source or Donor
Grand Army of the Republic, George Stannard Post
Made or Created
1855-1875
New York City
Materials
Leather, Brass, Iron
Relationships
Stannard, George Jerrison (1820-1886)
Georgia
Civil War
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
2012.24.3a-b
Description
Fired 9 mm bullet and casing.
Context
Used during the murder of Isabelle Norton in Randolph, VT, 1941.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.24
Source or Donor
Angell, Philip A., Jr.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1940
Materials
Brass, Metal
Relationships
Norton, Isabelle Mary Tilton (1917-1941), Reid, William J.
Randolph
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
2012.24.4a-b
Description
Fired 9 mm bullet and casing.
Context
Used during the murder of Isabelle Norton in Randolph, VT, 1941.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.24
Source or Donor
Angell, Philip A., Jr.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1940
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Norton, Isabelle Mary Tilton (1917-1941), Reid, William J.
Randolph
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
2012.24.5a-b
Description
Fired 9 mm bullet and casing.
Context
Used during the murder of Isabelle Norton in Randolph, VT, 1941.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.24
Source or Donor
Angell, Philip A., Jr.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1940
Materials
Brass, Metal
Relationships
Norton, Isabelle Mary Tilton (1917-1941), Reid, William J.
Randolph
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
1907.2.2a-c
Description
Molded metal bullet. The bullet comes to a slight point at the front, and has three ridges around it at the back. It came in a small bandbox.
Context
On the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 3, 1863), Cpl. Joseph W. Hitchcock of Col. G., 13th Vermont Volunteers was shot in the leg with this bullet. The bullet remained in his leg for nearly four years. When it finally came near the surface, he removed it himself with a jack-knife.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1907.2
Source or Donor
Dean, Mrs. A. E.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1863
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Hitchcock, Joseph
Gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
1923.1a-b
Description
Two round bullets. Both have a white powdery substance on them.
Context
Found on the battlefield at Hubbardton. (The battle was found July 7, 1777.)
Acquisition
Accession Number
1923.1
Source or Donor
Lincoln, D.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. D. Lincoln
Made or Created
1777
18th Century
Materials
Lead
Relationships
Hubbardton
American Revolutionary War
Bullet Mold
Name/Title
Bullet Mold
Entry/Object ID
1940.4ab
Description
Rectangular bullet mold. The mold is split into two halves that join together with wooden dowels. When joined, there is a small well at the seam with drill channels leading to round molds. There are eleven holes.
Context
Found in Swanton, Vermont, ca. 1930.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1940.4
Source or Donor
Smalley, Mrs. H. A.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Relationships
Swanton
Fenian Raids
Calling Card
Name/Title
Calling Card
Entry/Object ID
1951.4.7
Description
Rectangular card of thick paper with a glossy finish. The background of the card is a cream color, but has darkened to a dark brown around the edges. It is printed with the inscription, "J. C. Wait," in large, cursive letters at the center, and "Lieut. U.S.N." in smaller cursive letters at the bottom right.
Use
Calling cards such as this could be left in lieu of a formal social or business visit.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1951.4
Source or Donor
Wait, Marjorie
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1825
Materials
Paper
Relationships
US Navy
Danville
Civil War
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1924.5
Description
Wooden, barrel-style canteen or water bottle. The canteen is circular with flat sides. One sides is etched with the inscription, "W x MILLERS BOTTLE RYEGATE VT". The back is inscribed, "JAMES JAMES EIELD". At the top is a small board between the side hoops with a hole drilled through for inserting a spout or cork. There is another, smaller hole near it to allow airflow.
Context
Used by W. Miller of Ryegate, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1924.5
Source or Donor
Jones, Walter E.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Miller, W
Ryegate
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.1ab
Description
Round, canvas-covered canteen with long leather strap. The canteen is printed on one side with "U.S. F" and has "P.S. Howes CoF 1st Vt" handwritten on the other side. The leather strap attaches to metal rings on either side of the canteen.
Context
Used by Phil S. Howes during the Spanish-American War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.20
Source or Donor
Howes, Mildred B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1890
United States of America
Materials
Leather, Cotton, Metal
Relationships
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Spanish-American War
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1946.17.3ab
Description
Round, canvas-covered canteen with long leather strap. The canteen is printed on one side with hand-painted with the inscription, "Lt. Patterson" on one side. The leather strap attaches to metal rings on either side of the canteen.
Context
Used by First Lieutenant S. A. W. Patterson in China as part of the Boxer Rebellion Relief Expedition, 1900.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1946.17
Source or Donor
Patterson, Major D. W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1900
United States of America
Materials
Metal, Cotton, Leather
Relationships
Patterson, S. A. W.
China
Boxer Rebellion
Cap
Name/Title
Cap
Entry/Object ID
1973.36.5
Description
Khaki wool doughboy cap.
Context
Worn by Guy Hiram Boyce of Moretown, Vermont while in the US Army during World War I.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1973.36
Source or Donor
Boyce, Edmund L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1918-1919
United States of America
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Boyce, Guy Hiram (1889-1973)
Moretown
World War I
Cartridge Box
Name/Title
Cartridge Box
Entry/Object ID
1943.14
Description
Leather pouch with a folding flap cover and two belt loops on the back. A handwritten notes is attached to the front flap explaining that the pouch was captured during the Civil War.

Civil War cartridge box used by John S. Moseby's Confederate Guerillas. Note describing capture on front.
Context
Used by John S. Moseby's Confederate Guerillas and captures by the 1st Vermont Cavalry at Union Mills, Virginia.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1943.14
Source or Donor
Shepherd, Bert
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Leather, Paper
Relationships
Nownes, Charles, Shepard, Clarina
Union Mills, Marshfield
Civil War
Carving
Name/Title
Carving
Entry/Object ID
1962.13
Description
Small bone trinket. The piece is rectangular on one end, and has a cross on the other. Though it looks like a key now, it was likely meant to represent a church.
Context
Made by Walter Graham while a prisoner of war in Danville, Virginia, prison No. 1 during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1962.13
Source or Donor
Langele, Ada Graham
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Graham, Thomas Walter (1840-1901)
1864-1865
Danville
Materials
Bone
Relationships
Arlington
Civil War
Carving
Name/Title
Carving
Entry/Object ID
1962.14
Description
Small carved bone anvil and hammer. The two are connected by a metal wire.
Context
Made by Walter Graham while a prisoner of war in Danville, Virginia, prison No. 1 during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1962.14
Source or Donor
Langele, Ada Graham
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Graham, Thomas Walter (1840-1901)
1864-1865
Danville
Materials
Bone
Relationships
Arlington
Civil War
Chest
Name/Title
Chest
Entry/Object ID
1912.1
Description
Large, black iron chest with strapped reinforcement. The lid of the chest overhangs the body and hinges open at the back. The ends each have a large U-shaped handle, threaded and secured through large iron eyes. The front has four large iron eyes with straps for locking the chest closed. The center front is decorated with a large, floral escutcheon applied onto the side.
Context
Used by a Hessian regiment in the Revolutionary War. It was captured at the Battle of Trenton and given to Lewis R. Morris of Springfield, VT "to secure your valuables from that dishonest and reckless population of the Green Mountain State, who have held against the just and true claims of New York."
Acquisition
Accession Number
1912.1
Source or Donor
Ballard, S.J.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Anonymous gift
Made or Created
1777
Germany
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Morris, Lewis Richard (1760-1825), Morris, Richard (1730-1810)
Springfield
American Revolutionary War
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
1965.26.3
Description
Uniform coat with navy body and red trim. The coat has a tall, standing collar and sloping shoulders. The wide front lapels are decorated down the length of both sides with white bound buttonholes and brass buttons. The back of the coat falls in tails lined with white glazed cotton. Each tail is turned back and held with decorative hearts. Two pocket flaps are placed on the reverse and decorated with white bound buttonholes and brass buttons.
Context
Worn by Jacob Perkins of Orwell, VT during the War of 1812.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.26
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1812
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Perkins, Jacob (1787-1846)
Orwell
War of 1812
Crupper
Name/Title
Crupper
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.1.5 a-b
Description
Crupper, piece of horse tack that attaches to the back of a saddle and then runs under the horse's tail to stabilize the saddle. It is comprised of two parts: the crupper itself, an oblong piece of leather that is flat at narrow end with an attached brass ring and rolled at wide semicircular end that sat under horse's tail; and a leather strap with brass buckle to attach crupper to saddle.
There are small pieces of chestnut hair (probably horse's tail) stuck in the leather of the rolled piece of crupper.
Part of complete tack that belonged to
Context
Owned by Major General George Stannard during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1930.3
Source or Donor
Grand Army of the Republic, George Stannard Post
Made or Created
1860
New York City
Materials
Leather, Brass
Relationships
Stannard, George Jerrison (1820-1886), Grand Army of the Republic
Georgia
Civil War
Cup
Name/Title
Cup
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.5
Description
Round tin cup with flat ear-shaped handle. The cup has straight sides and the edges of the cup and handle are rolled. The handle is stamped "US" and scratched with the letter H. On the bottom is scratched, "P.S. Howes Co. F. 1st Vt.".
Context
Used by Phil Howes of Company F, 1st Vermont during the Spanish-American War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.20
Source or Donor
Howes, Mildred B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1890
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Howes, Phil
Adamant
Spanish-American War
Document Box
Name/Title
Document Box
Entry/Object ID
1951.27.1
Description
Small, cotton-covered box. The box closes like an envelope, with only one of the long ends opening. The flap secures closed with a piece of twine. On of the sides is painted with the shipping label, "John Bain Co. A, First Vt. Cavalry Camp near Fort Scott, Virginia, December 24 1862".
Use
Used to hold and ship a small word book (1951.27.2).
Context
Owned by John Bain of Burlington, Vermont. Likely sent to him as a Christmas present during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1951.27
Source or Donor
Scott, Lillian Agnes
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1862
Materials
Cardboard, Cotton
Relationships
Bain, John J. (1809-1874)
Burlington
Civil War
Drum
Name/Title
Drum
Entry/Object ID
1924.4
Description
Side drum with a brass shell and vellum head. The shell has raised concentric rings and rolled edges. The counter hoops are wood, though one is missing. The vellum heads are stretched over wood flesh hoops, though one is missing.
Context
Left by Col. Fredrich Baum's forces on the Bennington Battlefield, Aug. 16, 1777.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1924.4
Source or Donor
Lathrop, William Henry (1855-1940)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1775
Brunswick
Relationships
American Revolutionary War, Battle of Bennington
First Aid Kit
Name/Title
First Aid Kit
Entry/Object ID
2006.61.28a-y
Description
Box containing items making up a Fallout Shelter Medical Kit from the Office of Civil Defense. The box is made of brown corrugated cardboard with a mailing label reading, "FROM: Department of the Army/ Schenectady Army Depot/ Schenectady, N.Y./ TO: Arthur Newhouse/ C D Dir Town Chairman/ (his address)/ M/F: Homer Fitts Store/ 159 N Main/ Barre, VT./ - - - " Handwritten in black ink: "Opened by./ D-- / June 17, 1971/ Removed Phenobarbitol".

The sides are printed in black letters with, "SURVIVAL SUPPLIES/ FURNISHED BY/ OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE/ DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE/ MEDICAL KIT A/ 50-60 SHELTER OCCUPANTS/ THIS UNIT CONTAINS NO NARCOTICS" Printed on third side: "DOD - OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE/ FALLOUT SHELTER MEDICAL KIT" and listing the medications, dressings, etc. in the box. Also other directives.

The box contains:
b: 12 unopened boxes of gauze
c: 500 aspirin tablets
d: 100 tongue depressors
e: Bottle of diarrhea medication
f: Bottle sodium chloride (table salt)
g: Isopropyl alcohol
h: Vaseline
i: Syringe fountain (rubber bag, tubing, etc.)
j: 500 sulfadiazine tablets
k: 200 surgical gauze pads.
l: Thermometer
m: Metal tweezers
n: 100 cotton swabs
o: 3 bottles of eye and nose drops
p: 200 water purification tablets
q: Blunt-edged metal pocket scissors
r: 12 1.5-in safety pins
s: 100 Cascara Sagrada laxative tablets
t: 6 bars of surgical soap
u: Large bandage
v: Bottle of Eugenol (toothache remedy)
w: 100 penicillin G tablets
x: Baking soda
y: Sterilized non-compressed purified cotton
Context
Sent to Barre, Vermont to be used in case of evacuation to a fallout shelter, 1971.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2006.61
Source or Donor
Corrigan, Edward
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1971-1962
United States of America
Materials
Glass, Mercury, Aluminum, Metal, Soap, Paper, Plastic, Cardboard, Cotton, Wood
Relationships
The Homer Fitts Company
Barre City
Fixed-pitch Propeller
Interpretative Labels
Propeller Blade, ca. 1947 USA Gift of Norma Katz and Barbara Estey, 2017.21 On June 14, 1947, a B-29A Superfortress bomber took off from Davis-Monthan Air Force Base in Tucson, Arizona for a navigational training mission to the east coast. Bad weather forced the crew to divert from their originally planned destination of Andrews Field in Washington, DC to Hanscom Air Force Base in Bedford, Massachusetts. The weather grew worse, and in the darkness, the crew overshot Hanscom and ended up in Vermont. Shortly before midnight, the crew attempted to contact Boston but reached Manchester, New Hampshire instead, and told the operator who responded that they did not need assistance. At 12:14 am, residents fo the village of Perkinsville in Weathersfield heard a loud aircraft flying low overhead, and then heard an explosion as the aircraft impacted with the south face of Hawks Mountain. Residents responded immediately, but there were no survivors, and most the of the plane was destroyed in the crash. It remains the deadliest crash in Vermont aviation history, with twelve fatalities. The Army salvaged all weapons, and local residents took some of the debris. This propeller was carried down the mountain and kept in a local barn for nearly sixty years before the owner donated it to the Vermont Historical Society.
Name/Title
Fixed-pitch Propeller
Entry/Object ID
2017.21
Description
Black propeller blade with silver-toned attachment. The blade is broken off at the tip, and the surface is severely scratched and worn. The attachment piece is formed into a circle.
Context
From U.S. Army Air Force B-29 Superfortress bomber that crashed on Hawks Mountain in Perkinsville, VT on June 14, 1947. The crash remains Vermont's worst air disaster with twelve fatalities.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.21
Source or Donor
Katz, Norma
Estey, Barbara
Acquisition Method
Made or Created
1947
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Weathersfield, Perkinsville
Flatware Kit
Name/Title
Flatware Kit
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.7c
Description
Stamp molded flatware kit, consisting of a spoon, two-tined fork, and knife. The handle of the knife is made of a flat piece of steel folded back to create a hollow space, into which the spoon and fork fit securely. When the pieces are put together, the fork is in the center, and the underside of the spoon faces outward. The spoon has a large bowl with a point tip. The spoon's handle is stamped with the mark, "L & G. PAT. A[illeg]" and crudely engraved with the word "Howes". The knife blade is stamped with the mark, "Hard [illeg] NOV.12 1861 CAST-STEEL".
Context
Used by Phil Howe during the Spanish-American War, or his father, Edward Howes, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.20
Source or Donor
Howes, Mildred B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1861
United States of America
Materials
Steel
Relationships
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Spanish-American War, Civil War
Fork
Name/Title
Fork
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.7g
Description
Three-tined metal fork made of a single piece of metal. The neck, or tang, of the fork is stamped, "U.S." just before the handle. The handle is painted black and scratched with "Howes".
Context
Used by Phil Howe during the Spanish-American War
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.20
Source or Donor
Howes, Mildred B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1890
United States of America
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Spanish-American War
Gaiter
Name/Title
Gaiter
Entry/Object ID
1950.20.2a-b
Description
Brown suede gaiters. The tall gaiters extend up the wearer's legs and are accented on the bottom edge and opening slit with brown leather. The slit secures closed with laces through bronze eyelets. There is an attached leather strap across the top of the gaiters with a metal buckle. The interiors are marked, "39 Co. F. Regt." and "39 Co. F 18".
Context
Likely belonged to Horation Keyes of Windsor, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1950.20
Source or Donor
Daughters of the American Revolution
Acquisition Method
Gift
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Gaiter
Male
Fabric
Suede
Color
Brown
Made or Created
19th Century
Relationships
Keyes, Horatio J. (1830-1904)
Windsor
Civil War
Gaiters
Name/Title
Gaiters
Entry/Object ID
1950.20.1a-b
Description
Brown leather gaiters, or boot covers. The gaiters reach just above the wearer's ankles and halfway down the wearer's foot, and a leather strap extends beneath the shoe. They open at a slit on the outside of the leg and both sides of the foot, each slit securing with laces threaded through bronze eyelets. There is a modesty panel beneath the side opening.
Context
Owned by Horatio J. Keyes of Windsor, Vermont, during the Civil War
Acquisition
Accession Number
1950.20
Source or Donor
Daughters of the American Revolution
Acquisition Method
Gift
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Gaiter
Male
Material
Leather
Made or Created
19th Century
Relationships
Horatio Keyes (1830-1904)
Windsor
Civil War
Geiger Counter
Interpretative Labels
Geiger Counter, 1957 Chatham Electronics Metal, rubber, plastic Given in Memory of Dr. O.S. Peterson, Jr., 2004.35.1ab A Geiger counter, named after scientist Hans Geiger, is a device used to detect and measure radiation. The unit consists of two parts: a probe and the body, which has a measurement window as well as the Geiger-Muller tube, which actually registers the radiation. Geiger counters are inexpensive, easy to use, and widely available pieces of technology. The world entered the atomic age after the US bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and for several decades the threat of a potential nuclear war gripped both the public and the American government. National civil defense programs produced short films, radio ads, pamphlets, posters, and other educational programs designed to educate citizens about how to act after a nuclear attack. Those decades of preparation, worry, and international diplomatic maneuvering are today known as the Cold War. The Geiger counter in the collection of the Vermont Historical Society was used by Dr. Oscar S. Peterson, Jr. in his role as radiological officer for the State Civil Defense Agency. (The “CD” symbol on the side of the unit stands for Civil Defense.) It formed part of his personal kit, intended to detect and investigate any signs of nuclear fallout. The Cold War was a period during which Vermonters had a complicated relationship with innovation and technology. They had to integrate both the threat of nuclear war and the fast-paced advances of modern society in their worldviews simultaneously. Few things illustrate this tension quite like a Geiger counter, which was meant to be used in a disaster scenario – but could guide the way to safety.
Name/Title
Geiger Counter
Entry/Object ID
2004.35.1a-b
Description
Yellow geiger counter and instruction manual. The counter has a rectangular yellow case with curved ends. Each long side has a log consisting of a white triangle inside a blue circle with the letters "CD" in red. A dial on the top has a numerical range from 0 to 0.5., and is encased beneath a plastic cover, held on with screws. The printing on the top of the case reads, "FCDA / ITEM NO. / CD V-700 / MODEL NO. 3 / SERIAL NO. / 667 / MFRD. FOR / FCDA BY / CHATHAM / ELECTRONICS / LIVINGSTON / NEW JERSEY". There are two black plastic knobs and a yellow plastic plug on the top of the case. A U-shaped bar extends from the case to act a both a handle and a holster for a silver-toned tube, connected to the case by a rubber-encased cord, and capped on either end with rubber. The counter is accompanied by a 15-page manual entitled "Radiological Survey Meter / FCDA ITEM NO. CD V-700" printed in black and white on glossy paper.
Context
Used by Dr. Oscar S. Peterson, Jr. while working with Civil Defense in Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
2004.35
Source or Donor
Peterson, Jeneva P. (1915-2008)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Given in Memory of Dr. O.S. Peterson, Jr.
Made or Created
Chatham Electronics
1957
Materials
Aluminum, Rubber, Plastic
Relationships
Peterson, Oscar S., Jr. (1912-1988), University of Vermont
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Glove
Name/Title
Glove
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.5ab
Description
Pair of white leather gloves with wide, long cuffs. The gloves are polished with a white polish. The inner wrist of the left glove has the handwritten inscription, "Geo. J. Stannard/Co [illeg] Vermont". The edges of the cuffs are impressed with a zig-zag design.
Context
Belonged to Major General George Stannard during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1930.3
Source or Donor
Grand Army of the Republic, George Stannard Post
Made or Created
1860
Materials
Leather
Relationships
Stannard, George Jerrison (1820-1886), Grand Army of the Republic
Georgia
Civil War
Gloves
Name/Title
Gloves
Entry/Object ID
1973.36.7a-d
Description
Pair of wool knitted khaki gloves. Each has a wide cuff.
Context
Worn by Guy Hiram Boyce of Moretown, Vermont while in the US Army during World War I.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1973.36
Source or Donor
Boyce, Edmund L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1918-1919
United States of America
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Boyce, Guy Hiram (1889-1973)
Moretown
World War I
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
1965.26.4
Description
Bicorn uniform hat decorated with foil stars. The tall hat is shaped like a U, and has a red-and-black feathered plume attached to the center top. The edge is bound in black ribbon, and another black ribbon (modern) is attached to one of the points. One side of the hat is left blank while the other is decorated with eight foil stars: seven around the edges and one larger star in the center.
Context
Worn by Jacob Perkins of Orwell, VT.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1965.26
Source or Donor
Fletcher Free Library
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1812
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Perkins, Jacob (1787-1846)
Orwell
War of 1812
Haversack
Name/Title
Haversack
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.7a
Description
Khaki haversack with "U.S." stenciled onto the front flap. The bag closes with a flap that reaches from the top back to the bottom front, and secures with a buckle. There are two metal rings at the top back, to which a long leather strap attaches with hooks.
Context
Used by R. G. Rich of Company F, 1st Vermont Volunteers during the Spanish-American War. Given to Phil S. Howes of the same company.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.20
Source or Donor
Howes, Mildred B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1890
United States of America
Materials
Cotton, Metal
Relationships
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941), Rich, R. G.
Spanish-American War
Haversack
Name/Title
Haversack
Entry/Object ID
1946.17.4ab
Description
Khaki haversack with "U.S.M.C." stenciled onto the front flap. The remains of the handwritten inscription, "Lt. P[illeg]" are above it. The bag closes with a flap that reaches from the top back to the bottom front, and secures with a buckle. There are two metal rings at the top back, to which a long leather strap attaches with hooks.
Context
Used by First Lieutenant S. A. W. Patterson in China as part ofthe Boxer Rebellion Relief Expedition, 1900.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1946.17
Source or Donor
Patterson, Major D. W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1900
United States of America
Materials
Cotton, Leather
Relationships
Patterson, S. A. W.
China
Boxer Rebellion
Historic Relic
Name/Title
Historic Relic
Entry/Object ID
1888.2a-c
Description
Oak plank with a paper label pasted to one side. The plank is semi-rounded, narrower on the left than the right. On the right there is a small, applied beam.
Context
Taken from the American gunboat "Congress", which was sunk with others in Maj. Gen. Benedict Arnold's fleet in Lake Champlain on October 13, 1776.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1888.2
Source or Donor
Nimblet, Dr. Oscar L. (1832- )
Sears, Cassius
Acquisition Method
Made or Created
1776
Skenesborough
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Arnold, Benedict (1741-1801)
Lake Champlain
Battle of Valcour Island, American Revolutionary War
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
1951.29.4ab
Description
Two insignia patches consisting of two light blue chevrons on a dark blue ground.
Use
The two chevrons denote the rank of corporal. The blue color denotes infantry.
Context
Owned by Christopher C. Putnam, Jr. of Middlesex, VT, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1951.29
Source or Donor
Putnam, Ralph W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Putnam, Christopher C. (1839-1924)
Middlesex
Civil War
Jacket
Name/Title
Jacket
Entry/Object ID
2012.11.13
Description
Green cotton field jacket with four front pockets and draw-string waist. The jacket opens at the center front and is secured with seven buttons. Each arm has a black patch with three gold chevrons and a lower curved stripe. On the upper left arm is circular blue patch with a white star with golden wings. On the lower right sleeve is a triangular patch with a gold gear.
Context
Owned by Floyd Colman of Brookfield, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.11
Source or Donor
Colgan, Bruce W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Jacket
Male
Material
Cotton
Color
Green
Made or Created
1943-1945
United States of America
Relationships
Colgan, Floyd C. (1918-2010), Army Air Corps
Brookfield, Isle la Motte
World War II
Knife
Name/Title
Knife
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.7d
Description
Knife made from a single piece of metal with a black-painted handle. The blade is stamped with the mark, "U.S". "Howes" is scratched into the black painted on the handle.
Context
Used by Phil Howe during the Spanish-American War
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.20
Source or Donor
Howes, Mildred B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1890
United States of America
Materials
Cotton, Metal
Relationships
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Spanish-American War
Knife
Name/Title
Knife
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.7f
Description
Knife made from a single piece of metal with a black-painted handle. The blade is stamped with the mark, "U.S".
Context
Used by Phil Howe during the Spanish-American War
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.20
Source or Donor
Howes, Mildred B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1890
United States of America
Materials
Cotton, Metal
Relationships
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Spanish-American War
Lantern
Name/Title
Lantern
Entry/Object ID
1953.8a-b
Description
Camp lantern with hurricane glass and tin cover/reflector. The glass sits on a round base, held in place with four metal prongs. The glass extends upward through a hole in a bent tin cover that stretches from the red-painted base over the light.
Context
Used by Col. Wheelock G. Veazey of the 16th Vermont at Gettysburg during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1953.8
Source or Donor
Woods, Grace E.
Made or Created
1860
Materials
Tin, Glass
Relationships
Veazey, Wheelock Graves (1835-1898)
Gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War
Leggings
Name/Title
Leggings
Entry/Object ID
2012.11.24a-b
Description
Pair of green canvas gaiters or leggings. Each has 13 metal grommets and 9 hooks that lace with string to close the leggings on the outside of the wearer's legs. There is a strap at the bottom of each legging that secures with a metal buckle. They appear to be in unused condition.
Context
Owned by Floyd Colgan of Brookfield during World War II. He served as mechanic and gunner in Army Air Corps, 1942-1945.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.11
Source or Donor
Colgan, Bruce W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Johnson, Stephens and Sinkle Shoe Co.
1942-1945
United States of America
Materials
Cotton, Metal, String
Relationships
Colgan, Floyd C. (1918-2010)
Brookfield
World War II
Membership Patch
Name/Title
Membership Patch
Entry/Object ID
1945.12.1b
Description
Round, green felt patch with the embroidered inscription "VERMONT STATE GUARD" surrounding an embroidered stag's head. The inscription is in yellow, as is the surrounding border. The stag's head is dark brown with light brown antlers and a yellow eye.
Context
The Vermont State Guard is the all-volunteer state defense force of the state of Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.12
Source or Donor
Campbell, Murdock
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1945
United States of America
Materials
Cloth, Plastic
Membership Patch
Name/Title
Membership Patch
Entry/Object ID
2020.8.1
Description
Round textile insignia patch with green, twill-woven ground. A stag head is embroidered in the center, as is a yellow border and the words, "VERMONT/STATE GUARD".
Context
The Vermont State Guard is the all-volunteer state defense force of Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.8
Acquisition Method
Found in Collection
Made or Created
1941-1948
Relationships
Vermont State Guard
Vermont
World War II
Mess Kit
Name/Title
Mess Kit
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.7e
Description
Mess kit plate/pan. The piece consists of two oval bowls that fit together, one of which has a long handle that folds over the other bowl to hold everything together. The outside of one of the bowls is scratched with the inscription, "S. Howes Co F 1sT VT".
Context
Used by Phil Howe during the Spanish-American War
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.20
Source or Donor
Howes, Mildred B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1890
United States of America
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Spanish-American War
Military Button
Name/Title
Military Button
Entry/Object ID
1945.33.1
Description
Gold-toned button molded with the Vermont state seal, motto ("Freedom & Unity"), the word "VERMONT", and 13 stars.
Context
Worn by Allen Vail Abbott of Worcester, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.33
Source or Donor
Whipple, Bessie Abbot
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
United States of America
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Abbott, Allen Vail (1842-1891)
Worcester
Civil War
Military Buttons
Name/Title
Military Buttons
Entry/Object ID
2020.24.3a-g
Description
Six small gold-colored buttons with eagle symbol on them, plus one larger button with the same symbol. Three have loops on the back and four have two prongs.
Context
Owned/used by William Vroman Mason (1906-1989) in Vermont as part of the Civil Air Patrol, which operated under the Army Air Corps during WWII.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.24
Source or Donor
Lindner, Brian
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1942
United States of America
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Mason, William Vroman (1906-1989)
Vermont
World War II
Military Buttons
Name/Title
Military Buttons
Entry/Object ID
1942.15.2a-i
Description
Gold-toned post-back buttons with a molded design of an eagle whose body is a shield. Within the shield is the letter I.
Context
Worn by Orman P. Ray of Company G., 2nd Regiment Vermont during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1942.15
Source or Donor
Ray, P. Orman
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Relationships
Ray, Orman Pearl (1837-1917)
Civil War
Military Buttons
Name/Title
Military Buttons
Entry/Object ID
1948.9a-e
Description
Five gold-toned buttons (three large and three small) bearing the insignia of the Fuller Batter, Vermont National Guard. The buttons each have a central shield with the Vermont state seal topped by a stag's head.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1948.9
Source or Donor
Butterfly, Charles
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Vermont National Guard
Montpelier
Military Pin
Name/Title
Military Pin
Entry/Object ID
1947.16
Description
Post back metal pin in the shape of two crossed cannons with the number 1 above the center. The post is threaded, and the back piece screws onto it.
Context
Insignia for the First Vermont (Fullers) Light Battery. Issued during the Spanish-American War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1947.16
Source or Donor
Howe, John W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1897
United States of America
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Vermont
Spanish-American War
Musket
Name/Title
Musket
Entry/Object ID
1860.1
Description
Long-barreled flintlock musket with the words, "Dublin Castle" and "L/56" engraved on the brass plate of the gun. The gun is 75 caliber.
Context
Captured at the Battle of Saratoga, NY during the Revolutionary War
Acquisition
Accession Number
1860.1
Source or Donor
Ripley, Sylvanus
Made or Created
1770
England
Relationships
Saratoga
American Revolutionary War
Overcoat
Name/Title
Overcoat
Entry/Object ID
1973.36.1
Description
Double-breasted, khaki uniform overcoat with metal buttons. The buttons are molded with an eagle design. The upper portion of the coat is lined in cotton, and there are two large pockets on the inside. The back of the neck has a red stamp with the label "US". The bottom edge is left raw and unhemmed.
Context
Worn by Guy Hiram Boyce of Moretown, Vermont while in the US Army during World War I.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1973.36
Source or Donor
Boyce, Edmund L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1918-1919
United States of America
Materials
Wool, Cotton, Metal
Relationships
Boyce, Guy Hiram (1889-1973)
Moretown
World War I
Pistol
Name/Title
Pistol
Entry/Object ID
1940.2.1
Description
Underhammer percussion pistol crudely engraved with "W. Kendall, Windsor, VT" on the top of the barrel. The metal barrel tapers toward the end, and the percussion head for firing the weapon is placed beneath the barrel in front of the trigger. The barrel is smoothbore and has no sites. All the lock mechanisms are internal, and the the trigger is framed with brass on the wooden handle.
Context
Made by Nicanor Kendall in Windsor, VT.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1940.2
Source or Donor
Putnam, Ralph W.
Acquisition Method
Loan
Made or Created
Artist
Kendall, Nicanor (1807-1861)
1835-1845
Windsor
Materials
Steel, Brass, Wood
Plate
Name/Title
Plate
Entry/Object ID
1907.2.1
Description
Large tin plate with a molded rim and a large hole near the edge, spanning the width of the rim. The hole appears to have been punched from the front to the back.
Context
This plate was in the haversack of Cpl. Joseph W. Hitchcock of Co. G., 13th Vermont Volunteers. On the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 3, 1863), he was shot in the leg through the plate. The bullet remained in his leg for nearly four years. When it finally came near the surface, he removed it himself with a jack-knife.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1907.2
Source or Donor
Dean, Mrs. A. E.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1860
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Hitchcock, Joseph
Gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War
Powder Horn
Name/Title
Powder Horn
Entry/Object ID
1880.1
Description
Powder horn inscribed, "Roger Clarks Horn Made at Lake George Jul ye 22 in the yer 1758." along with a map of Lake George and Champlain, showing the location of Fort William Henry and Fort Carillon.

The end has a wooden plug with an elongated oval metal ring place in the center. The point was cut down to the dark horn below the yellow surface.
Context
Made by Roger Clark at Lake George, New York, in 1758.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1880.1
Source or Donor
Walker, Edwin Sawyer
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Clark, Roger ( -1835)
1758
Lake George
Materials
Horn
Relationships
Fort Ticonderoga, Lake Champlain
French and Indian War
Powder Horn
Name/Title
Powder Horn
Entry/Object ID
1942.14.1
Description
Powder horn with stopper marked with circles (for years of service), dates (of battles), and half circles.
Context
Carried by John Bean of Williamstown, Vermont during the American Revolutionary War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1942.14
Source or Donor
Bean, Leonard I.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Materials
Horn
Relationships
Bean, John
American Revolutionary War
Powder Horn
Name/Title
Powder Horn
Entry/Object ID
1993.20
Description
Engraved powder horn made from the horn of a steer. The horn is engraved with the enscription, "Jonathan Carpenter's Horn/Camp at Barnerd/Sept ye 1st. 1780." The capital letters are filled with striping, and the inscription is followed by a picture of a large sprig of thistle. The wide edge of the horn is decorated with a repeating semi-circular or scalloped pattern. The wide end is sealed with a wooden plug held on with small brads or nails, and the narrow end is capped with a wooden cap.
Context
Owned and likely made by Jonathan Carpenter, Barnard, VT, 1780.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1993.20
Source or Donor
Christie's
Acquisition Method
Purchase
Made or Created
Carpenter, Jonathan
1780
Barnard
Materials
Horn
Relationships
American Revolutionary War
Puttee
Name/Title
Puttee
Entry/Object ID
1973.36.10a-b
Description
Pair of khaki wool puttees that were worn wrapped around the legs. They consist of long strips of wool that are finished on all edges with an overlock stitch.
Context
Worn by Guy Hiram Boyce of Moretown, Vermont while in the US Army during World War I.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1973.36
Source or Donor
Boyce, Edmund L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1918-1919
United States of America
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Boyce, Guy Hiram (1889-1973)
Moretown
World War I
Rifle
Name/Title
Rifle
Entry/Object ID
1876.1a-h
Description
Long-barreled rifle with the name "ALLEN" crudely engraved into the barrel and the name "Ethan" decoratively engraved into the butt-plate. Several restoration parts of the rifle are cataloged but not affixed to rifle.
Context
Owned by Ethan Allen
Acquisition
Accession Number
1876.1
Source or Donor
Underhill, R. M.
Underhill, N. H.
Acquisition Method
Made or Created
1776
18th Century
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Allen, Ethan (1738-1789)
Burlington
American Revolutionary War
Rifle
Name/Title
Rifle
Entry/Object ID
1941.13.1
Description
Long-barreled rifle with a percussion hammer mounted underneath the barrel in front of the trigger. The gun is stamped with the mark, "S. S. Baird. Chittenden, VT."
Use
Designed for target shooting
Context
Made by Stephen S. Baird in Chittenden, VT
Acquisition
Accession Number
1941.13
Source or Donor
Friegang, Edith Baird
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Baird, Stephen S. (1832-1915)
1860
Chittenden
Materials
Walnut, Steel, Brass
Saber
Name/Title
Saber
Entry/Object ID
1921.17.1a
Description
Pattern 1796 light cavalry saber and scabbard. The simple handle has a leather grip and an ear-shaped guard. The scabbard has attached straps that hook onto two rings along the inner curve. The straps have to additional hooks.
Context
Said to have been surrendered to Cornelius Young during the Battle of Plattsburgh in the War of 1812.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1921.17
Source or Donor
Ladd, Eldon H.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1796-1814
Materials
Steel, Cotton
Relationships
Young, Cornelius
War of 1812
Saber
Name/Title
Saber
Entry/Object ID
1931.17a-b
Description
Saber and leather scabbard. The sword has a shagreen handle wrapped with gold-toned twisted wire. The guard is plain, but the blade is engraved with a floral vine and flags. The scabbard bears the engraved inscription, ""Lieut. P.C.J. Cheney, 1st Vt. Cav. Presented by friends of Washington, Vt. Oct. 3rd, 1863".
Context
Owned by Lieutenant Perley C. J. Cheney of the 1st Vermont Cavalry during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1931.17
Source or Donor
Cheney, Perley C.J. (d. 1863)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Ames Manufacturing Company
1863
Chicopee
Materials
Brass, Steel
Relationships
Cheney, Perley C.J. (d. 1863)
Washington
Civil War
Saber
Name/Title
Saber
Entry/Object ID
1931.20a-b
Description
Saber and scabbard. There is a tassel attached to the guard of the sword, and the the blade is engraved with the inscription, "From the Sheffield Friends of Capt. B.R. Jenne In token of their regard, August, 1862. Brevet Major, March 13, 1865. Battles: Lee Mills, Va. Apr. 16, 1862; Yorktown Va., Apr. 18 1862; Williamsburg, Va., May 5, 1862; Golding's Farm, Va., June 28, 1862; Savages Station, Va., June 29, 1862; Fredericksburg, Va, Dec. 11 & 15, 1862; Marie's Heights, Va., May , 1863; Salem Heights, Va., May 2, 1863' Gettysburg, Pa., July 2 & 3, 1863; Funkstown, Ms., July 9 & 10, 1863."
Context
Presented to Captain Benjamin R. Jenne of Company G, 5th Vermont Regiment during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1931.20
Source or Donor
Unknown
Made or Created
1862
Relationships
Jenne, Benjamin R.
Sheffield
Civil War
Saber
Name/Title
Saber
Entry/Object ID
1931.21a-b
Description
Saber with decorative engrave scabbard. The handle of the sword is made of ivory carved into a repeating diamond pattern. The pommel is in the shape of a horse's head with the knuckle guard coming out of its mouth. A gold ribbon is tied to the knuckle guard. The rain guard has a small applied shield at the center. The blade is blue metal with the engraved decorations inset with gold.
Context
Said to have been owned by Johann von Robais, Baron de Kalb, during the Revolutionary War. Presented to Major Asahel Clarke at the Battle of Plattsburgh by George Clinton, Governor of New York.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1931.21
Source or Donor
Hemenway, Abby Maria (1828-1890)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1775-1783
Materials
Bronze, Silver, Ivory
Relationships
de Kalb, Baron Johann von Robais (1721-1780), Clarke, Asahel
American Revolutionary War
Saber
Name/Title
Saber
Entry/Object ID
1943.3a-b
Description
Saber with a black leather handle. The handle is wrapped in gold-toned twisted wire, and the guard and pommel are not engraved. There is the mark "ASC 1906" and a flaming bomb on the ricasso of the blade.
Context
Owned by Lt. Colonel Charles H. Joyce of Rutland, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1943.3
Source or Donor
Vaughan, Herman W.
Made or Created
Ames Manufacturing Company
1906
Chelmsford
Materials
Steel
Relationships
Joyce, Charles Herbert (1830-1916)
Rutland
Civil War
Saber
Name/Title
Saber
Entry/Object ID
1949.15a-b
Description
Saber with leather scabbard. The grip is brown leather wrapped with gold-toned twisted wire. The bronze guard and pommel are unengraved. The blade is stamped with the marks, "US L.D" and "Ames MFg Co. Chicopee Mass."
Context
Used by General William Wells of Waterbury, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1949.15
Source or Donor
Wells, Frank R.
Jackson, Bertha Richardson Wells
Acquisition Method
Made or Created
Ames Manufacturing Company
1861-1865
Chicopee
Materials
Steel, Bronze, Leather
Relationships
Wells, William (1837-1892)
Waterbury
Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War
Saber
Name/Title
Saber
Entry/Object ID
1950.14.1a-b
Description
Saber with scabbard. The grip is shagreen accented with twisted wire. The guard is formed of a single piece of bronze decoratively cut to look like multiple straps. The blade is marked, "Clauberg Solingen" with a small engraving of a person in full metal armor.
Context
Owned by General William Wells of Waterbury, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1950.14
Source or Donor
Jackson, Bertha Richardson Wells
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Clauberg
1860-1865
Solingen
Materials
Steel, Bronze
Relationships
Wells, William (1837-1892)
Waterbury
Civil War
Saber
Name/Title
Saber
Entry/Object ID
1954.32
Description
A Model 1833 dragoon sabre. The blade is very slightly curved, with the sharpened side curving up to meet the flat side in a point at the end. The handle is wrapped in leather and has a bronze guard. The letters "MS" are stamped on the guard.
Context
Purchased from a member of the Company of Fenians as they were returning from their raid in Canada. The Fenians were Irish immigrants who invaded Canada in order to gain support for Irish independence.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1954.32
Source or Donor
Spear, C.A.
Made or Created
Ames Manufacturing Company
1833
Chicopee
Materials
Steel, Bronze, Leather
Relationships
Massachusetts
Fenian Raids
Saber
Name/Title
Saber
Entry/Object ID
1954.41
Description
Saber with ivory or bone handle. The brass pommel is molded into the shape of an eagle's head. The blade is decorated in blue with a flower design etched in and colored gold.
Context
Said to have belonged to Ethan Allen, but post-dates his life.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1954.41
Source or Donor
Frechette, Howells
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1821-1840
Materials
Ivory, Steel, Brass
Relationships
Allen, Ethan (1738-1789)
Vermont
Saber
Name/Title
Saber
Entry/Object ID
1962.22.1a-b
Description
Saber with metal scabbard. The grip is leather wrapped in twisted bronze wire. The guard and pommel are bronze without engraving. The blade has the marks, "U.S. A.D.K. 1863" and "AMES MFG. CO. CHICOPEE MASS."
Context
Owned by Captain Alexander M. Beattie of Co. F, 3rd Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1962.22
Source or Donor
Sawin, Mabel
Made or Created
Ames Manufacturing Company
1863
Chicopee
Materials
Steel, Bronze
Relationships
Beattie, Alexander Mitchell (1828-1907)
Maidstone
Civil War
Saddlebag
Name/Title
Saddlebag
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.1.6a-b
Description
Saddlebag made of black and brown tanned leather with iron buckles. The interior is lined in canvas. When laying flat, the saddlebag is hourglass shaped. There is a hole in the middle of the hourglass for hanging over a stud attached to the saddle. Two long straps attached at the bottom of the bags would attach to saddle, possibly at the girth. Two short leather pieces at the top of the bags would slip under staples on the saddle. One of these has become detached from bag.

Black leather is on the outward facing side, and brown leather on the side that faced the horse. The buckles appear to have originally had leather stitched over them. Some of this leather remains on the buckles of the long straps, but just the bare remnants remain on the buckles that close the bags.
Context
Owned by Major General George Stannard during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1930.3
Source or Donor
Grand Army of the Republic, George Stannard Post
Made or Created
Betts Nichols
1860
New York City
Materials
Leather, Iron, Cotton
Relationships
Stannard, George Jerrison (1820-1886), Grand Army of the Republic
Georgia
Civil War
Saltcellar
Name/Title
Saltcellar
Entry/Object ID
1992.30.3
Description
Square glass salt dish molded with a repeating design of squares on the base. The straight sides slope slightly inward toward the top.
Use
Used to hold salt for serving during mealtime
Context
Used on the camp table of Confederate General Richard L. Page, whose troops were overtaken by a group that included Rufus Kinsley. The piece was present to Kinsley after the battle.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1992.30
Source or Donor
Kinsley, Sumner E.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1861-1865
19th Century
Materials
Glass
Relationships
Kinsley, Rufus (1831-1911)
Alabama
Civil War
Sash
Name/Title
Sash
Entry/Object ID
1951.31.b
Description
Green knitted sash with large tassels on either end. The tassels are covered in the same green fabric.
Use
Green sashes denoted the Medical Corps.
Context
Worn by Dr. Castanus Blake Park, surgeon of the 16th VT Regt. and the 11th VT Heavy Artillery during the Civil War
Acquisition
Accession Number
1951.31
Source or Donor
Stone, Mr. & Mrs. C.B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Park, Jennie
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Silk, Wood
Relationships
Park, Castanus Blake (1834-1891)
Grafton
Civil War
Scabbard
Name/Title
Scabbard
Entry/Object ID
1921.17.1b
Description
The scabbard has attached straps that hook onto two rings along the inner curve. The straps have to additional hooks. It is marked, "XIX LD".
Acquisition
Accession Number
1921.17
Source or Donor
Ladd, Eldon H.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1796-1814
Relationships
Young, Cornelius
War of 1812
Shirt
Name/Title
Shirt
Entry/Object ID
2012.11.3
Description
Green/brown long-sleeved wool shirt, with front chest pockets, a fall collar, and insignia on the arms. There are matching black and gold chevron patches on both arms, each with three chevrons. On the upper left arm is circular blue patch with a white star and two golden wings. There is a white dot in the center of the star. The shirt buttons down the center front with seven buttons (two are missing) and the chest pockets secure with buttons. The hemline is rounded.
Context
Owned by Floyd Colgan of Brookfield during World War II. He served as mechanic and gunner in Army Air Corps, 1942-1945.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.11
Source or Donor
Colgan, Bruce W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Shirt
Male
Material
Wool
Color
Green
Made or Created
1942-1945
United States of America
Relationships
Colgan, Floyd C. (1918-2010), Army Air Corps
Brookfield, Isle la Motte
World War II
Single-barrel Shotgun
Name/Title
Single-barrel Shotgun
Entry/Object ID
1968.15
Description
Muzzle-loading shotgun or musket. The percussion lock is marked, "Joseph Golcher" and simply engraved with floral sprigs. The barrel has the partial mark, "DON".
Context
Used to fire the first shot at the Barnard panther
Acquisition
Accession Number
1968.15
Source or Donor
Raymond, Ernestine Brownell
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Golcher, Joseph
1850-1860
Philadelphia
Materials
Wood, Iron, Brass
Relationships
Crowell, Alexander (1837-1913)
Barnard
Soap Dish
Name/Title
Soap Dish
Entry/Object ID
1969.10a-b
Description
Hand-carved wooden soap dish with an extending handle. The crudely carved dish is rectangular with sides that angle outward toward the top. The interior surface is covered in white paint. The outside of one side of the dish is carved with the inscription, "Capt. O Bizell Ve91/Prisner Februry 1777/Opon N:TO". The handle narrows in the center, then flares into a fan shape, and is carved with a geometric floral pattern.

The gift included an 1897 facsimile copy of Jabez Fitch' diary; the original is in the VHS library.
Context
Made by Capt. O. Bissell and given to his friend Capt. Jabez Fitch while prisoners of war on a British ship during the American Revolutionary War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1969.10
Source or Donor
Baxendale, John Orlando
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Bissell, O.
1777
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Fitch, Jabez (1737-1812)
American Revolutionary War
Spoon
Name/Title
Spoon
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.7b
Description
Stamp molded tin spoon with a pointed bowl. The handle is stamped with "U.S." The inside of the bowl is engraved with the inscription, "P. S. Howes Co F 1st Vt".
Context
Used by Phil Howe during the Spanish-American War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.20
Source or Donor
Howes, Mildred B.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1890
United States of America
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Spanish-American War
Spur
Name/Title
Spur
Entry/Object ID
1948.11.4
Description
Silver-toned metal spur with attached leather strap. The spur consists of a U-shaped piece of metal with a two-pronged attachment at the center. Within the prongs is a round, freely-spinning piece of metal shaped into spikes (7 remaining). At the ends of the U-shaped piece, a strip of brown leather is attached with large rivets. The inner posts of the rivets are attached with a loose length of metal chain.
Context
Worn by John H. Hurley of Northfield, Vermont during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1948.11
Source or Donor
Hurley, Minnie H. 2
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1860
Materials
Leather, Metal
Relationships
Hurley, John H.
Northfield
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1921.4a-b
Description
Sword and scabbard. The sword has a shagreen grip wrapped with twisted gold wire. The guard and pommel are also gold, and the rain guard is filigreed into floral vines and the letters US. The blade is lightly etched with a floral design. The scabbard is dark metal with gold hooks and chape.
Context
Used by Maj. Alfred L. Carlton of Montpelier, VT during the Civil War
Acquisition
Accession Number
1921.4
Source or Donor
Corey, Charles Fisk
Credit Line
Corey Brothers
Made or Created
Clauberg
19th Century
Solingen
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Carlton, Alfred L. (1830-1874)
Montpelier
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1921.10.6a-b
Description
Ornate sword and accompanying scabbard. The grip of the sword is white shagreen, wrapped with twisted gold wire and embellished with gold stars. The guard, knuckle guard, and pommel are ornately chased gold in a floral pattern with an eagle and United States shield at the front of the pommel. The blade is heavily engraved with the names of ships and heavy florals. The scabbard is silver with gold locket/mouthpiece, chase/tip protector, and hook attachement.
Context
Presented to Rear Admiral Charles E. Clark of Bradford, VT by the State of Oregon in commemoration of his action during the Battle of Santiago aboard the USS Oregon.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1921.10
Source or Donor
Clark, Charles E. (1843-1922)
Acquisition Method
Loan
Made or Created
Oldenhiemer
Portland
Relationships
Clark, Charles E. (1843-1922)
Bradford, Oregon
Spanish-American War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1925.1a-b
Description
Sword and leather scabbard with bronze decorations. The grip of the sword is white shagreen, and the guard and pommel are bronze with ornate decorations, including a servpent. A gold tassel hangs from the guard. The blade is lightly etched with a floral design. The scabbard is leather with bronze locket, chape, and hook. The chape is detached.
Context
Used by Admiral Charles E. Clark of Montpelier, VT, at the Battle of Santiago.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1925.1
Source or Donor
Clark, Mrs. Charles E.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Joseph Starkey
1890
London
Materials
Leather, Steel, Brass
Relationships
Clark, Charles E. (1843-1922)
Santiago, Montpelier
Spanish-American War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1926.4a-b
Description
Straight-bladed sword with black leather scabbard. The sword's handle is made of ivory and incised with decorative vertical lines. The pommel is in the shape of an eagle's head. The remains of a red silk tassel are attached to a loop in the rain guard. The locket, chape, and hooks on the scabbard are all brass.
Context
Used by Edward F. Gould who enlisted to fight in the Civil War in Montpelier, Vermont in 1861.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1926.4
Source or Donor
Church, N. S.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Metal, Leather, Ivory
Relationships
Gould, Edward F.
Montpelier
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1927.9a-b
Description
Sword and scabbard. The sword's guard is ornately molded with an eagle and United States shield. The blade is lightly etched with a repeating floral design. There are bullet holes in the sword.
Context
Used by Captain Andrew J. Davis, Co. B, 17th Regiment Vermont Volunteers during the Civil War. The holes in the sword were made during the Battle of the Wilderness.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1927.9
Source or Donor
Reynolds, Mrs. B.E.
Made or Created
1860
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Davis, Andrew J.
Virginia
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1928.2a-b
Description
Curved sword and scabbard. The sword handle is shagreen wrapped with gold-toned twisted wire. The guard and pommel are engraved with leafy vines. The blade is lightly engraved with a floral pattern. The scabbard is made of dark leather and has two hooks.
Context
Used by Brigadier General Denzel D. Rand of Wardsboro, VT during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1928.2
Source or Donor
Rand, Roy J.
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Rand, Denzel Davis (1795-1874)
Wardsboro
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1928.3a-b
Description
Curved sword with leather scabbard. The handle of the sword is ivory, and the pommel is in the shape of an eagle's head. The blade is lightly engraved with an all-over floral design.
Context
Used by Brigadier General Stephen Thomas of the 8th Vermont Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1928.3
Source or Donor
Parker, T.B.
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Thomas, Stephen (1809-1903)
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1928.7a-b
Description
Gold and silver sword and scabbard. The handle is ornately engraved gold, with decorative floral engravings and a pommel in the shape of an acorn. The rain guard has an applied shield engraved with the inscription, "Dr. E. S. Forester, 7th Vt. Regt." The silver blade is etched with the inscription "United States Medical Staff".
Context
Owned by Elihu S. Foster, Assistant Surgeon of the 7th Vermont Regiment during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1928.7
Source or Donor
Foster, Cornelia Lydia Lougee (1831-1915)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Ames Manufacturing Company
1860
Chicopee
Materials
Gold, Silver
Relationships
Foster, Elihu S. (1829-1867)
Topsham
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1931.3a-b
Description
Sword with leather scabbard. The sword's handle is shagreen wrapped with gold-toned twisted wire. The blade is lightly engraved with an all-over floral pattern.
Context
Owned by Milo S. Taft of Company A, 1st Regiment Vermont Cavalry.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1931.3
Source or Donor
Hill, Elsie Taft
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Clauberg
1860
Solingen
Materials
Leather, Bronze
Relationships
Taft, Milo S. (1842-1928)
Huntington
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1931.5a-b
Description
Sword with metal scabbard. The handle of the sword is shagreen wrapped with gold-toned twisted wire. The blade is engraved with a palm tree.
Context
Owned by Captain Henry Harrison Dewey of Company A, 10th Regiment Vermont during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1931.5
Source or Donor
Dewey, Emily Jerusha (1850-1943)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
19th Century
Relationships
Dewey, Henry Harrison (1843-1910)
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1931.15a-b
Description
Ornate sword with leather scabbard. The handle of the sword is leather wrapped in gold-toned twisted wire. The pommel is molded into a floral pattern and set with a dark stone. The blade is lightly engraved with an all-over floral pattern and the inscription, "Capt LW Page from the Howard Guard". The blade has two makers marks: the first is stamped close to the rain guard and says, "COLLINS & CO., HARTFORD CONN. 1862"; the second is incorporated into the engraving and says "MILLER & co. NEW YORK".
Context
Owned by Captain Lemuel W. Page of Company C, 12th Vermont Regiment, also known as the Howard Guards of Burlington, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1931.15
Source or Donor
Page, Carrie E.H.
Made or Created
Collins & Co.
1862
Hartford
Materials
Steel, Wood, Brass
Relationships
Page, Lemuel W. (1821-1903)
Burlington
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1931.16ab
Description
Gold and silver sword and scabbard. The sword has an ornate handle of striped gold and silver in a spiral pattern. The pommel is engraved with acanthus leaves the rain guard is decorated with an eagle. The blade is engraved with a neoclassical design of vines and sheilds. The locket, chape, and hooks on the scabbard are shaped into baroque flowers. There is a small metal plaque attached to the scabbard between the hooks that reads, "Presented to Capt. J.O. Livingston, Mar. 20 1865 by his Co. G, 9th Vt. Vols."
Context
Presented to Captain Josiah O. Livingston of Company G, 9th Vermont Volunteer Infantry.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1931.16
Source or Donor
Unknown
Acquisition Method
Unknown
Made or Created
Emerson and Silver
1865
Trenton
Relationships
Livingston, Josiah O.
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1931.19a-b
Description
Sword with silver and gold scabbard. The handle of the sword is shagreen wrapped with gold-toned twisted wire. The blade is stamped "G. R. Kirschbaum/Solingen" near the rain guard. On the opposite side, the mark "Henry Folsom - St. Louis - Mo." is engraved into a cartouche shaped like a shield. The scabbard is engraved with the inscription, "Capt J.L. Barstow from his Company".
Context
Owned by Captain John Lester Barstow of Company K, 8th Vermont Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War. Barstow went on to become Governor of Vermont (1882-1884).
Acquisition
Accession Number
1931.19
Made or Created
Artist
Folsom, Henry
G. R. Kirschbaum
1860
Solingen
Materials
Steel, Brass
Relationships
Barstow, John Lester (1832-1913)
St. Louis
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1900.1a-c
Description
Curved sword and scabbard. The sword has an Arabic inscription and an English initial (B) is engraved onto the hilt. The sword blade curves into a point, with a "heel" about a quarter up from the point. The handle has a straight rain guard and a pistol grip with three brass rosettes on each side. The scabbard is chased silver in a pattern or repeating, stylized flowers.
Context
Originally belonged to Lord Byron; purchased by Johnathan Peckham Miller of Montpelier, VT, who fought in the Greek War of Independence and was an anti-slavery activist.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1900.1
Source or Donor
King, Mrs. Henry W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1820
Turkey
Materials
Steel, Brass, Wood
Relationships
Byron, George Gordon Byron, Baron (1788-1824), Miller, Jonathan Peckham (1797-1847)
Greece, Montpelier
Sword
Interpretative Labels
Sword, 1857 Ames Manufacturing Company Chicopee, MA Steel, gold, mother of pearl Gift of Philip Sawyer, 1933.3.3ab Horace Bucklin Sawyer (1797-1860) received a commission as a midshipman in the United States Navy in June 1812 at age 15, and served on the crew of the USS Eagle in naval operations on Lake Champlain during the War of 1812. He was captured and held prisoner by the British for six months, and when released, reported back for duty. Assigned to the USS Constitution in December 1814, he served onboard for her famous battle with HMS Cyane and HMS Levant in February 1815. He stayed in the Navy after the war, progressing to the rank of captain in 1855, but suffered from near-total deafness apparently caused by injuries he had received during the capture of the USS Eagle. In 1856, the state of Vermont presented him with this sword in honor of his long service and in particular recognition of his participation in the USS Constitution's service.
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1933.3.3a-b
Description
Presentation sword with the engraving, "Vermont to her Son, Horace B. Sawyer, U.S. Navy, Consitution, Cyane, and Levant, 20th Feb. 1815". The handle is gold and mother-of-pearl. The Vermont state seal is attached at the center of the rain guard. The blade of the sword is engraved throughout in a floral pattern. The gold scabbard is also engraved throughout with a scabbard.
Context
Presented to Horace B. Sawyer by the State of Vermont, 1857.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1933.3
Source or Donor
Sawyer, Philip
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Ames Manufacturing Company
1857
Chicopee
Materials
Mother of Pearl, Steel, Gold
Relationships
Sawyer, Horace Bucklin (1797-1860)
Lake Champlain
War of 1812
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1933.4a-b
Description
Highly decorative gold sword and scabbard with engraved and repousse decorations. The hilt of the sword terminates in an eagle's head, and the handles is decorated with many-faceted stars or studs. One side of the handle is also decorated with a floral bouquet. The crossguard, which terminates in a ram's head, is decorated at the center with an applied oval medallion with a depiction of Hercules wrestling a lion. The scabbard is engraved with the words, ""Presented to Major General Samuel Strong, Vermont Volunteers by his Excellency Daniel D. Tompkins of the State of New York, pursuant to the Resolutions of the Senate & Assembly of the said State, to Major General Samuel Strong of the Vermont Volunteers, as a memorial of the sense entertained by the State of his services and those of his brave Mountaineers at the battle of Plattsburg, 11th Sept. 1814." flowers, and a battle scene.
Context
Presented to Maj. Gen. Samuel Strong of Vergennes, VT.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1933.4
Source or Donor
Vermont, State of
Acquisition Method
Loan
Made or Created
Targee, John (c.1775 - 1850)
1814
New York City
Materials
Gold, Steel
Relationships
Strong, Samuel (1762-1832)
Vergennes, New York
War of 1812
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1942.6
Description
Sword with a three-sided tapering blade. It has a wooden handle and engraved metal guard.
Context
Owned by Paul Brigham, Lt. Governor and Governor of Vermont, and worn by him on state occasions. Passed through a fire in East Randolph, VT, in 1901.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1942.6
Source or Donor
Brigham, Paul (1746-1824)
Made or Created
1750
Relationships
Brigham, Paul (1746-1824)
Randolph
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1945.33.2ab
Description
Sword with black leather sheath. The handle is shagreen and is wrapped in blue and gold twisted wire. The guard and pommel are engraved with a floral pattern. The blade is lightly engraved with a floral vine and the inscription, "Ames Mfg Co Chicopee Mass".

A sword that belonged to Allen Vail Abbott of Worcester, Vermont. Abbott was a member of the Militia, or Home Guards, during the American Civil War. They spent the War garrisoning the Canadian border. The sword has a handle wound in blue and gold wire, and a black leather sheath. Abbot was a Captain in the Home Guard.
Context
Owned by Allen Vail Abbott of Worcester, VT, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1945.33
Source or Donor
Whipple, Bessie Abbot
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Ames Manufacturing Company
Chicopee
Materials
Steel, Leather
Relationships
Abbott, Allen Vail (1842-1891)
Worcester
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1949.5.2a-b
Description
Sword with straight blade and leather scabbard. The handles is wrapped in gold-toned wire, and the guard and pommel are unengraved. The scabbard has one stationary hook near the locket. The blade is stamped "US GWC 1864" and "Ames Co. Chicopee Mass."
Context
Owned by Maurice William Dewey of Montpelier, Vermont. Likely used by a family member during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1949.5
Source or Donor
Dewey, Breta Bringham
Acquisition Method
Loan
Made or Created
Ames Manufacturing Company
1864
Chicopee
Relationships
Dewey, Maurice William (1889-1944)
Montpelier
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1955.33.1a-b
Description
Straight-bladed sword and engraved scabbard. The grip is black metal decorated with brass wire. The brass guard is molded in low relief to show an eagle.
Context
Owned by John Stacy of St. Johnsbury, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1955.33
Source or Donor
Morse, Martha Stacy
Materials
Brass, Steel
Relationships
Stacy, John
St. Johnsbury
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1959.10.3a-c
Description
Sword with silver-plated scabbard. The handle is made of carved wood, shaped into finger grips. The silver guard has a gold tassel tied around it. The blade is engraved with the mark, "THE M.C.LILLEY & CO. COLUMBUS" and "E PLURIBUS UNUM."
Context
Part of the dress uniform of Col. Merton Wells of Cabot, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1959.10
Source or Donor
Coyle, Marjorie
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
M. C. Lilley & Company
19th Century
Columbus
Materials
Steel, Silver, Wood
Relationships
Wells, Merton (1866-1909)
Cabot, Vermont State House
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1960.86ab
Description
Straight-bladed sword with silver scabbard. The grip is leather wrapped with twisted bronze wire. The guard and pommel is molded into a design of eagles, shields, and crossed guns. There is a wide chain hanging from the knuckle guard. The scabbard in engraved with the inscription, "Presented to Capt. A. G. Robbins 2nd Regt. Vt. Vols. by the Officers July 4th 1863".
Context
Presented to Augustus Josiah Robbins of Grafton, Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1960.86
Source or Donor
Terrill, Kate E.
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Steel, Bronze, Silver, Gold
Relationships
Robbins, Augustus Josiah
Grafton
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1962.22.2a-b
Description
Straight bladed sward with scabbard. The grip and guard are both elaborately decorated gold, molded and engraved into flowers and military emblems. The blade is engraved with flowers, and the scabbard is engraved with the names of battles and the inscription, "CAPT. A. M. BEATTIE Comdg Co. F, 3d. Vt. Vols. by the members of his company as a mark of their confidence and esteem. Feb. 1864."
Context
Presented to Captain Alexander M. Beattie of Co. F, 3rd Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1962.22
Source or Donor
Sawin, Mabel
Made or Created
Clauberg
1861-1865
Solingen
Materials
Steel, Bronze, Silver
Relationships
Beattie, Alexander Mitchell (1828-1907)
Civil War
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1877.1
Description
Sword with bone or antler handle. There is a brass shell applied at the rain guard. The blade curves very slightly toward the tip.
Context
Worn at the Battle of Bennington (Revolutionary War) by Lt. Isaac Nash of Brattleboro
Acquisition
Accession Number
1877.1
Source or Donor
Kellogg, L.H.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1777
Materials
Metal, Brass, Bone
Relationships
Brattleboro
American Revolutionary War, Battle of Bennington
Tunic
Name/Title
Tunic
Entry/Object ID
1973.36.4
Description
Khaki uniform jacket with stand-up collar and 4 buttoned pockets in front. Each pocket is secured with a point flap, and the metal buttons are molded with an eagle design. The right sleeve has two golden chevrons near the wrist. The left sleeve has one golden chevron near the wrist, a red chevron near the elbow, and another red chevron near the shoulder.
Context
Worn by Guy Hiram Boyce of Moretown, Vermont while in the US Army during World War I.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1973.36
Source or Donor
Boyce, Edmund L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1918-1919
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Boyce, Guy Hiram (1889-1973)
Moretown
World War I
Writing Case
Name/Title
Writing Case
Entry/Object ID
1992.30.2b
Description
Wooden portable writing desk with a thin leather cover. There is a handle at the top. The front flap has a locking mechanism that, when unlocked, allows the whole side to drop open to become a writing surface. The interior of the back side is split into two sections that open outward from the center like doors, beneath which is one large page-sized storage section. The back of each door has a specialized storage area: one is split to hold four tools, and the second has a pleated envelope with a tappe closing flap. A long, narrow section stretches across the bottom and is filled with removable trays, allowing for multiple layers of storage. The end section holds an ink bottle. There are pen nibs, an ink bottle, and pen handle inside the case.
Context
Presented to Rufus Kinsley, superintendent of the May Street Sunday School for Negroes, Boston on his retirement in 1857. Kinsley carried the case during his service in the Civil War as part of Co. F, 8th Vermont and Co. G 74th US Colored Infantry. He continued to educate many formerly enslaved people during the war.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1992.30
Source or Donor
Kinsley, Sumner E.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1857-1865
Boston
Materials
Wood, Artificial Leather, Brass, Leather
Relationships
Kinsley, Rufus (1831-1911)
Civil War
Writing Case
Name/Title
Writing Case
Entry/Object ID
1992.30.2a
Description
Leather field case for a lap desk. The case is a boxy leather container with a flap covering. There are two tabs sewn onto the flap that buckle to the face of the piece. Both of the buckles are missing but the end of the tabs they were attached to are intact. The flap covering has a rectangle cut out of the top center to accommodate the handle of the desk, allowing the set to be carried by the handle. The front of the flap has "R Kinsley" scored into it. On the top is "F" and "8 Vt", and scored into the face is "Co F / 8th Vt."
Context
Presented to Rufus Kinsley, superintendent of the May Street Sunday School for Negroes, Boston on his retirement in 1857. Kinsley carried the case during his service in the Civil War as part of Co. F, 8th Vermont and Co. G 74th US Colored Infantry. He continued to educate many formerly enslaved people during the war.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1992.30
Source or Donor
Kinsley, Sumner E.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1857-1865
Boston
Materials
Wood, Artificial Leather, Brass, Leather
Relationships
Kinsley, Rufus (1831-1911)
Civil War

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