Objects - Military, Weapons, and Firearms

Our militaria includes objects used during wartime as well as presentation weapons and general firearms. With particularly robust collections of Civil War and World War II materials, we honor the sacrifices of Vermonters past and present.

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Accessory Belt
Name/Title
Accessory Belt
Entry/Object ID
1982.37.10a-d
Description
Black leather belt with attached cartridge box, bayonet, and bayonet scabbard. The belt has a bras guide on one end and two buckley holes on the other.

The cartridge box consists of a leather pouch stretched around a wooden box insert with 20 drilled holes for storing cartridges. Another small, envelope-style pouch is attached to the front of the cartridge box. The cartridge box pouch secures with a flap that covers the whole front, and secures with a strap on a brass stud. The flap is stamped "DIN[illeg] & [illeg]TUG MAKERS NEW YORK". There are two buckles on the bottom of the box.

The bayonet scabbard is leather with rivets and a brass tip. The leather is stamped, "HOOVER CAL[ILLEG] CO NEW YORK".
Context
Owned by True Blake Walter during the Civil War. Walter served as a musician in Company E, 15th Regiment Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.37
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Wood, Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Walker, True Blake (1841-1863)
Place
Town
Burke
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Admiral George Dewey
Name/Title
Admiral George Dewey
Entry/Object ID
1940.22.1
Description
This portrait is oval in shape and depicts an older man who is dressed in a uniform. He is wearing a white jacket with shoulder straps and stars, as well as a white hat with a black visor. The visor of the hat features a gold filigree design. The man has white hair and a white mustache. The portrait is signed with the words "For Mrs. George Fabyan with the best wishes of George Dewey". There is an additional autograph ("George Dewey") at the bottom center, below the portrait.
Photograph Details
Dewey, George (1837-1917)
Acquisition
1940.22
Made/Created
Harper & Brothers
1899
Lexicon
Dimensions
Aiguillette
Name/Title
Aiguillette
Entry/Object ID
1951.29.2
Description
Black and gold woven cord. The cord loops three times, and the loops are held together by a woven ring. The two ends are capped with large, acorn-shaped tags or aglets, covered in the same woven material as the cords.
Context
Owned by Christopher C. Putnam, Jr. of Middlesex, VT, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1951.29
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk, Wood
Relationships
Putnam, Christopher C. (1839-1924), 13th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Middlesex
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Ammunition Belt
Name/Title
Ammunition Belt
Entry/Object ID
1952.4
Description
Leather belt with a leather pouch stitched around one side. The opening of the pouch is secured with a cork inserted into the metal neck. Upon accession, the pouch was filled with small, round lead shot.
Context
Owned by Caleb Churchill of Chittenden, Vermont
Acquisition
1952.4
Made/Created
circa 1785
Lexicon
Materials
Leather, Brass, Cork
Relationships
Person or Organization
Churchill, Caleb (1757-1856)
Armband
Name/Title
Armband
Entry/Object ID
1954.12.2
Description
Red silk armband printed with the black inscription, "NSDAP LUFTKRIEGS EINSATZ" flanking a white circle with a black swastika on it.
Acquisition
1954.12
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Event
World War II
Armband
Name/Title
Armband
Entry/Object ID
2014.60.624
Description
Blue wool felt armband embroidered with a white circle with yellow wings. The circle has the blue inscription, "U.S.ARMY AWS AIR FORCE". Beneath the image is the word, "OBSERVER".
Acquisition
2014.60
Made/Created
1941-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Jantz, Jean Helen Abbiatti Benfield (b. 1936)
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Armband
Name/Title
Armband
Entry/Object ID
1975.37.3
Description
Blue felt civil defense armband, imprinted: "U. S. Army Air Force Observer" "AWS" with gold wings
Context
Worn by Joseph C. Carter in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.37
Made/Created
1942
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Armband
Name/Title
Armband
Entry/Object ID
1975.37.4
Description
White armband with blue circle holding white triangle, blue star and CDC (Citizens' Defense Corps.) Stamp on reverse: City, State, Name, Card No., Mfg by Hartmann, Inc., Garfield, NJ
Context
Worn by Ruth Carter in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.37
Made/Created
1942
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Event
World War II
Armband
Name/Title
Armband
Entry/Object ID
1957.31.10
Description
Cotton armband printed in black with the inscription, "Im Dienst der Deutschen Reichsbahn" [In Service of the German National Railway'.
Context
The Deutsche Reichsbahn was the national railway system of Germany established following World War I. This item was collected by Earl B. Howieson during his service with the US Army in Germany during World War II.
Acquisition
1957.31
Made/Created
circa 1943
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Person or Organization
Howieson, Earl B.
Place
Country
Germany
Continent
Event
World War II
Artillery Shell
Name/Title
Artillery Shell
Entry/Object ID
1951.47
Description
Large metal artillery shell. The shell narrows slightly at the top edge, and has a heavy round base.
Acquisition
1951.47
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Civil War, Spanish-American War
Award Pins
Name/Title
Award Pins
Entry/Object ID
1945.22.1b-i
Description
Collection of eight pins and one button. Six pins are plastic bars with yellow grounds and the inscriptions, "PISTOL EXPERT", "PISTOL SHARPSHOOTER", "PISTOL MARKSMAN", "RIFLE EXPERT", "RIFLER SHARPSHOOTER", and "RIFLE MARKSMAN". One pin is metal and formed into the shape of the letters "VT." One pin is a bar pin wrapped in green grosgrain ribbon with yellow stripes on either side and two metal 5-pointed stars. The Button is a gold-toned button with the insignia of the Vermont State Guard (a stag's head).
Context
The Vermont State Guard (VSG) is the all-volunteer state defense force of the state of Vermont.
Acquisition
1945.22
Made/Created
1935-1945
Lexicon
Materials
Plastic, Metal, Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
Vermont State Guard
Place
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Award Plaque
Name/Title
Award Plaque
Entry/Object ID
2020.24.18
Description
Wooden plaque with etched and printed, white colored, metal sheet attached with award information. From the top, there is a Civil Air Patrol yellow, blue and red insignia, the big blue letters that read, "Civil Air Patrol honors." The honoree's name, "William V. Mason" appears in black print in an outlined banner. The award is specified in blue lettering, "For Distinguished Service as Commander." In another blue-outlined banner, the dates of services are listed -- Nov. 1942- Nov. 1947. The plaque is signed By Paul C. Ashworth, Colonel, USAF, National Commander. On the back, in faint lettering, the source of the plaque is listed: Texas Trophy Co., behind South Park bowling lanes, 5222 Nassau Road, Houston 21, Texas, MI9-7488 or MI5-5179 (phone numbers).
Context
Presented to William Vroman Mason of Waterbury, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.24
Lexicon
Relationships
Mason, William Vroman (1906-1989), Civil Air Patrol
Event
World War II
Backpack
Name/Title
Backpack
Entry/Object ID
1982.37.9
Description
Black-painted waxed canvas knapsack with leather shoulder straps. The bag consists of two compartments joined in the middle at what becomes the top when worn. The outer side is stamped, "15. / VT VOL." "Co. E 15 VT VOL. / T. W. Fifer" is scratched into both straps.
Use
Worn by True Blake Walter during the Civil War. Walter served as a musician in Company E, 15th Regiment Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.37
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton, Leather, Wax
Relationships
Person or Organization
Walker, True Blake (1841-1863)
Place
Town
Burke
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Badge
Name/Title
Badge
Entry/Object ID
1960.22.11
Description
Large, stamped metal hat badge in the shape of a radiating the star. The central circle is black with the number 1 in gold. Surround the the central circle is the inscription, "RUTLAND.LIGHT.GUARD 1858". The reverse has a hollow tube at the center like a plume holder, and a sharp metal pin bent inward on the left side.
Context
The Rutland Light Guard, a state uniformed militia, was organized on Nov. 13, 1858 as a state, uniformed militia. William Young Warren Ripley became its captain in 1859. When Ripley became the first Vermonter to officially volunteer for the Union Army, his speech about his decision at the Rutland Town Hall inspired the Light Guard to volunteer as Company K of the 1st Regiment of Vermont Volunteers in May of 1861.
Acquisition
1960.22
Made/Created
1858
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Rutland Light Guard, Ripley, William Young Warren (1832-1905), 1st Vermont Infantry
Place
City
Rutland
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Balaclava
Name/Title
Balaclava
Entry/Object ID
1994.12.2
Description
Olive green knitted Balaclava helmet liner.
Context
Made by Red Cross volunteers in Burlington, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
1994.12
Made/Created
1940-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
American Red Cross
Event
World War II
Banner
Name/Title
Banner
Entry/Object ID
1992.81
Description
This banner is designed to hang vertically, with a red border surrounding a white center. On the white portion of the banner, from top to bottom, there is a yellow 5-pointed star outlined in navy, followed by the number 1 in navy, another 5-pointed star in navy, and finally, the number 62 also in navy. To facilitate hanging, there are brass grommets located at the two top corners of the banner.
Acquisition
1992.81
Made/Created
circa 1940
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton, Wood
Relationships
Event
World War II
Banner
Name/Title
Banner
Entry/Object ID
2003.72.1
Description
Synthetic textile banner printed with an image of a fighter plane and the inscription, "SERVING IN U.S. AIR CORPS", in blue. There is a red border around all four edges and yellow fringe across the bottom. The top is stitched around a wooden dowel, with plastic flagpole finials. A yellow cord is tied to both ends of the dowel and terminates in yellow tassels.
Context
Owned by Edwin Loren Little of Poultney, Vermont
Acquisition
2003.72
Made/Created
1941-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Nylon, Wood, Plastic
Relationships
Little, Edwin Loren (1918-2004), United States Army Air Corps
Place
Town
Poultney
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Banner
Name/Title
Banner
Entry/Object ID
2003.72.2
Description
White nylon banner flock-printed with an image of a waving United States flag flanked by two upward-facing silhouettes of fighter planes. Beneath the image within a blue flocked rectangle are the words, "KEEP 'EM FLYING FOR VICTORY". There is a blue flocked border around all four edges and the top edge is stitched around a wooden dowel tipped with plastic finials. A multi-colored cord is tied to either end of the dowel for hanging and ends with tassels on both sides.
Context
Owned by Edwin Loren Little of Poultney, Vermont
Acquisition
2003.72
Made/Created
1941-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Nylon, Wool, Wood
Relationships
Person or Organization
Little, Edwin Loren (1918-2004)
Place
Town
Poultney
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Banner
Name/Title
Banner
Entry/Object ID
2023.15.1
Description
Wool banner. There is a thick red border on all sides, and a white center. 2 blue 5-pointed stars are appliqued on the white center, one of which has a red line across it.
Use
Banners such as these were hung in the windows of homes of servicemen's families during World War I to indicate that a member of the household was serving in the war. In this case, two members of the family were serving (indicated by the two stars), and one had been killed in action (indicated by the strike out).
Context
Hung in Bethel, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
2023.15
Made/Created
circa 1915
Lexicon
Materials
Wool, Cotton, Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Putnam, Frank Holmes (1894-1954)
Place
Town
Bethel
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Banner
Name/Title
Banner
Entry/Object ID
2003.88
Description
Small red-and-white flag with three blue stars down the center. The flag is made of a white satin-woven synthetic fabric; both the red and blue elements are a thick plastic-like substance applied to the surface of the fabric. The top edge has been folded over and there is a dowel through it. There is a synthetic gold cord applied to either end of the dowel to hang it by. Each end of the dowel is capped with a small, gold-toned plastic spear tip.
Context
Owned by Frank B. Easton, Sr. of Newport, VT. It was given to him as a Christmas gift in 1943, and indicates that he had three children serving in WWII: Dan, Bim, and Frank Jr.
Acquisition
2003.88
Made/Created
Artist
Easton, Penelope
1943
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Fabric, Wood, Cording
Relationships
Person or Organization
Easton, Frank Birch, Sr. (1878-1948)
Place
City
Newport
County
Orleans County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Bannerstone
Name/Title
Bannerstone
Entry/Object ID
1975.389
Description
Ground stone bannerstone with a double-winged shape. There is a hole drilled through the center.
Ethnography
Lexicon
Materials
Stone
Bar Pin
Name/Title
Bar Pin
Entry/Object ID
1977.43.4a-b
Description
Two ribbon-covered bar pins. The first is covered in a red, white, and blue ribbon with three star-shaped studs in the center. (Pin indicates award of a Victory medal.) The second is covered in a purple ribbon with white stripes on the edge and an oak leaf cluster in the center. (Pin indicates award of a Purple Heart).
Context
Awarded to Guy Hiram Boyce of Moretown, Vermont.
Acquisition
1977.43
Made/Created
circa 1918
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
Boyce, Guy Hiram (1889-1973)
Place
Town
Fayston
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Bayonet
Name/Title
Bayonet
Entry/Object ID
1960.91a-b
Description
Metal bayonet with wooden handle and metal scabbard. The blade of the bayonet is serrated on one side and sharpened on the other. The base of the blade is marked, C. G. HAENEL". The base of the scabbard and the guard are both marked, "B.16.R.R.240."
Acquisition
1960.91
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Bayonet
Name/Title
Bayonet
Entry/Object ID
1954.25.2
Description
Metal bayonet with crumbling leather sheath.
Context
Believed to have been used in the Revolutionary War by Captain William Ripley
Acquisition
1954.25
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Ripley, William
Event
American Revolutionary War
Bayonet
Name/Title
Bayonet
Entry/Object ID
1959.36
Description
Sword bayonet for a 45-70 Springfield rifle. The blade is slightly concave on one side and convex on the other, coming to a point at the end. It attaches to a hollow, round socket for fitting onto the end of a gun.
Acquisition
1959.36
Made/Created
1850-1875
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Belt
Name/Title
Belt
Entry/Object ID
1973.36.6
Description
Cotton webbing belt with silver-toned metal buckle. The khaki belt is finish on one side with a metal clamp, and the other side loops around a metal buckle that has the words, "PAT. JAN 1204" stamped into it.
Context
Worn by Guy Hiram Boyce of Moretown, Vermont while in the US Army during World War I.
Acquisition
1973.36
Made/Created
1918-1919
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton, Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Boyce, Guy Hiram (1889-1973)
Place
Town
Moretown
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Belt
Name/Title
Belt
Entry/Object ID
2002.25.6
Description
Khaki canvas belt. The belt has a black-painted metal belt buckle on one end and a metal tab on the other.
Context
Worn by Leroy James Dopp, Jr. of Burlington, VT, during World War II.
Acquisition
2002.25
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Belt
Male
Fabric
Canvas
Material
Cotton
Made/Created
20th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Person or Organization
Dopp, Leroy James, Jr. (1910-1995)
Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Belt
Name/Title
Belt
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.6
Description
Leather belt with oval brass buckle. The buckle is molded with the letters, "US".
Context
Worn by Corporal Phil Sheridan Howes of Montpelier, Vermont, during the Spanish-American War
Acquisition
1945.20
Made/Created
circa 1890
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Relationships
Person or Organization
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Belt
Name/Title
Belt
Entry/Object ID
1968.37.3
Description
Leather belt. The belt is fitted at one end with a metal belt plate.
Context
Owned by Charles A. Dean of Woodstock, Vermont.
Acquisition
1968.37
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Belt
Male
Made/Created
1862-1864
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dean, Charles Augustus (1844-1921), 8th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Woodstock
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Belt
Name/Title
Belt
Entry/Object ID
1962.59.5a-b
Description
Leather belt with a metal buckle. The buckle has an eagle on it with arrows in one talon and an olive branch in the other. The belt is adjustable and tanned. It has a strap and buckle hanging from it.
Context
Worn by Lieutenant Colonel Levi W. Page of West Townshend, Vermont
Acquisition
1962.59
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Leather, Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Page, Levi Wilson (1813-1900)
Place
Town
Townshend
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Belt Buckle
Name/Title
Belt Buckle
Entry/Object ID
1960.58
Description
Oval belt buckle molded with the initials "US". The buckle is brass with a brown lacquer applied to the surface.
Acquisition
1960.58
Made/Created
W. H. Smith
circa 1860
Lexicon
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Event
Civil War
Belt Buckle
Name/Title
Belt Buckle
Entry/Object ID
1999.33.4
Description
Gold-colored military belt buckle featuring an eagle with the end of a banner in its mouth that says, E Pluribus Unum.
Context
Worn by Lyman Enos. Knapp, born in Somerset, Vt. on Nov. 5, 1837. he died in Seattle, WA on Oct. 9, 1904. Knapp was a graduate of Middle College. He fought in the Civil War and was wounded three times. He was brevetted to the rank of lieutenant colonel. After the war and a short stint teaching at Burr and Burton Academy in Manchester, he became editor of the Middlebury Register, a job he held for 13 years. At the same time he read the law and was admitted to the bar in 1876. He served in the Vermont House of Representatives 1886-87 and was a judge of probate for a decade. He was appointed governor of Alaska in 1889 by President Harrison. He moved to Seattle after completing his time as governor and began practicing law again.
Acquisition
1999.33
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Knapp, Lyman E. (1837-1904)
Event
Battle of Gettysburg
Belt Buckle
Name/Title
Belt Buckle
Entry/Object ID
2020.24.4
Description
Brass belt buckle with static center bar.
Context
Owned by William Vroman Mason of Waterbury, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.24
Lexicon
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Mason, William Vroman (1906-1989)
Event
World War II
Belt Buckle
Name/Title
Belt Buckle
Entry/Object ID
1921.10.5a-b
Description
Belt buckle consisting of a round central medallion and rectangular side loops. The medallion is bordered with a laurel wreath and shows an eagle sitting on top of a horizontal anchor. The back is inked with the inscription, "MOBILE BAY AUG. 5TH 1864".
Context
Worn by Charles E. Clark of Bradford, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1921.10
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Clark, Charles E. (1843-1922)
Event
Civil War
Belt Buckle
Name/Title
Belt Buckle
Entry/Object ID
1986.18.42
Description
Metal belt buckle molded with an image of a spread eagle with a federal shield on its chest within a laurel wreath.
Context
Owned by Charles F. Branch of Orwell, Vermont
Acquisition
1986.18
Made/Created
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Branch, Charles Francis, Sr. (1845-1910), 9th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Orwell
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Belt Buckle
Name/Title
Belt Buckle
Entry/Object ID
1986.18.43
Description
Rectangular brass belt buckle molded with an image of a spread eagle with a federal shield on its chest. Is it framed by a silver-plated laurel wreath. There is a rectangular extension on the proper right side of the buckle.
Context
Owned by Charles F. Branch of Orwell, Vermont
Acquisition
1986.18
Made/Created
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Branch, Charles Francis, Sr. (1845-1910), 9th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Orwell
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Belt Buckle
Name/Title
Belt Buckle
Entry/Object ID
1962.22.3
Description
Rectangular brass belt buckle molded with an image of a spread eagle with a federal shield on its chest. Is it framed by a silver-plated laurel wreath. There is a rectangular extension on the proper right side of the buckle.
Context
Owned by Alexander Mitchell Beattie of Ryegate, Vermont.
Acquisition
1962.22
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Brass, Silver
Relationships
Person or Organization
Beattie, Alexander Mitchell (1828-1907)
Place
Town
Ryegate
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Belt Buckle
Name/Title
Belt Buckle
Entry/Object ID
1959.53.11
Description
Metal belt buckle molded with an image of a spread eagle with a federal shield on its chest within a laurel wreath.
Context
Worn by Edward H. Prouty of Montpelier, Vermont, during the Spanish-American War.
Acquisition
1959.53
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Prouty, Edward H. (1871-1966)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Belt, Sword
Name/Title
Belt, Sword
Entry/Object ID
1960.167
Description
Leather sword belt with brass buckle. The belt has a shoulder strap, and both are decorated with gold paint in horizontal bands. The buckle has an eagle with a banner that reads "E Pluribus Unum".
Acquisition
1960.167
Lexicon
Materials
Leather, Brass
Relationships
Event
Civil War
Beret
Name/Title
Beret
Entry/Object ID
2004.80.3
Description
This is a dark green wool felt beret with a small stem on the top. It is embroidered in yellow with the connected initials "YD" (the logo of the Yankee Division), and the word, "VERMONT".
Context
Worn by Joseph George Abair of Montpelier, Vermont, to commemorate his service during World War I.
Acquisition
2004.80
Made/Created
1914-1918
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Abair, Joseph George (1894-1975), Yankee Division
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Web Links and URLs
Boatstone
Name/Title
Boatstone
Entry/Object ID
1975.374
Description
Ground and polished slate boatstone.
Ethnography
Lexicon
Materials
Slate
Book
Name/Title
Book
Entry/Object ID
1943.17
Description
Miniature New Testament Bible. The book is bound in black leather and the cover secures closed with a flap opposite the binding. The flap would be tied with a cord inserted through two holes on the front cover, now missing.
Context
Owned by Almeron C. Inman during the Civil War. The bible was stolen from Inman's knapsack by a Confederate soldier during the Battle of Wilderness. Years later, after Inman's associate Dr. E. J. Foster placed an advertisement in a newspaper in Fredericksburg, Virginia, asking for the Bible's return, Davis B. Berry gave it back.
Acquisition
1943.17
Made/Created
1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Paper, Leather
Relationships
Person or Organization
Inman, Almeron C.
Event
Civil War
Book
Name/Title
Book
Entry/Object ID
1951.27.2
Description
Small book with missing cover. There are two holes in the book that increase in size toward the interior. The book contains and alphabetical list of English words, with no definitions or additional information.
Use
Used to teach and practice reading aloud.
Context
Owned by John Bain of Burlington, Vermont. Likely sent to him as a Christmas present during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1951.27
Made/Created
1860-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Paper, Leather
Relationships
Person or Organization
Bain, John J. (1809-1874)
Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Book
Name/Title
Book
Entry/Object ID
1960.172.5
Description
Cloth-bound New Testament bible. The book is covered with khaki twill-woven cotton printed in black with the words, "New Testament" and an outline of a triangle.
Context
Carried by Harold Hawes of Barre, Vermont, during World War I. The triangle symbol indicates that the book was distributed by the YMCA.
Acquisition
1960.172
Made/Created
American Bible Society
circa 1917
Lexicon
Materials
Paper, Cotton
Relationships
Hawes, Harold T. (1889-1945), Yong Men's Christian Association
,
Event
World War I
Boots
Name/Title
Boots
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.6a-b
Description
Black leather boots. The boots has a low heel and the shaft extends to the wearer's mid-calf. The sole is leather with no treads.
Context
Worn by General George J. Stannard during the Civil War
Acquisition
1930.3
Made/Created
1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Stannard, George Jerrison (1820-1886), 2nd Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Boots
Name/Title
Boots
Entry/Object ID
2001.28.3a-b
Description
Think flight boots. The boots have rubber soles and lower half of the upper is covered in a thick layer of rubber. From the top of the foot up, the uppers are constructed out of leather. They secure at the top with two zippers, one zipping upward and the other downward, over a wide tongue. The upward zipper pull has a leather tie, and the downward zipper pull has a wide leather strap that secures to the put with a metal snap. The interior is lined with thick lamb's wool fleece.
Context
Worn by Frank Birch Easton, Jr., of Craftsbury, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
2001.28
Made/Created
circa 1940
Lexicon
Materials
Leather, Rubber, Sheepskin
Relationships
Easton, Frank Birch, Jr. (1916-2009), United States Marine Corps
Place
Village
Craftsbury
Town
Craftsbury
County
Orleans County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1907.2.2b-c
Description
Small wooden bandbox.
Context
On the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 3, 1863), Cpl. Joseph W. Hitchcock of Col. G., 13th Vermont Volunteers was shot in the leg with this bullet. The bullet remained in his leg for nearly four years. When it finally came near the surface, he removed it himself with a jack-knife.
Acquisition
1907.2
Made/Created
circa 1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Box
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Hitchcock, Joseph, 13th Vermont Infantry
Place
City
Gettysburg
State/Province
Pennsylvania
Country
United States of America
Continent
Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War
Box
Interpretative Labels
Retail Box for Pistol, 1850-1856 Robbins & Lawrence (1847-1857) Windsor, Vermont Cardboard #1981.5 Nicanor Kendall, Richard Lawrence, and Samuel Robbins became manufacturing partners in 1844 and won a government contract to make 10,000 rifles. They were made in a new brick armory built by the company in Windsor. In 1847 Kendall left the company. The Lawrence and Robbins Company became famous for introducing the use of interchangeable parts in the manufacturing process. Before they went bankrupt in 1857, due to an unexpected cancellation of a major contract, they employed over 150 men. Their firm was also crucial in nurturing the careers of the men who started Vermont’s important machine tool industry in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1981.5a-b
Description
Rectangular cardboard box with separate lid. The center of the lid has a black paper label, "PATENT REVOLVING HAMMER PISTOL; MANUFACTURED BY The Robbins and Lawrence Company, WINDSOR, VERMONT. WITH POWDER FLASK, BALL MOULD, WIPER & WRENCH. Printed by Vermont Chronicle Press--Windsor."
Context
Made to hold a pistol and accessories made by The Robbins and Lawrence Company of Windsor, Vermont
Acquisition
1981.5
Made/Created
Robbins & Lawrence
1850-1856
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Cardboard
Relationships
Person or Organization
Vermont Chronicle Press
Place
Town
Windsor
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.24.6ab
Description
A small, cardboard box with a large paper mailing label. The box is addressed to "W. V. Mason Civil Air Patrol Waterbury, Vermont
Context
Owned by William Vroman Mason of Waterbury, Vermont. Mason was Vermont Wing Commander of the Civil Air Patrol from November 1942 to November 1947.
Acquisition
2020.24
Lexicon
Relationships
Mason, William Vroman (1906-1989), Civil Air Patrol
Place
Town
Waterbury
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Breast Collar
Name/Title
Breast Collar
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.1.3 a-c
Description
Breast collar, or breastplate, consisting of a breastplate, girthstrap and martingale attachment. The piece has leather construction with a large shield in center. The shield is made of leather and covered with enameled leather that is quite degraded. Affixed to the shield is an eagle, most likely of made of brass. The piece has brass buckles. The side pieces of the breastplate have a layer of enameled (colored) leather sewn to base layer that is cracked and in some places is detached from base layer. The girthstrap has torn off.
Context
Owned by Major General George Stannard during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1930.3
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Leather, Brass
Relationships
Stannard, George Jerrison (1820-1886), Grand Army of the Republic, 2nd Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Georgia
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Bridle
Name/Title
Bridle
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.1.2 ab
Description
Bridle consisting of headstall and bit. The leather headstall has two cast metal rosettes with eagles. There are remnants of colored enameled leather on the browband. There are two sets of reins: one sewn together at the ends and one buckled. The martingale attachment that attaches to a breastplate is strung through lower set of reins by brass rings. Two leather round rein stops are strung through the lower set of reins. The iron bit is brass plated with two large eagle bosses on either side.
Context
Used by Major General George Stannard during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1930.3
Made/Created
1855-1875
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Leather, Brass, Iron
Relationships
Stannard, George Jerrison (1820-1886), 2nd Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Georgia
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Brigadier General Stephen Thomas
Name/Title
Brigadier General Stephen Thomas
Entry/Object ID
VHS-A-146
Description
Portrait to the waist of an older man in uniform. He has short gray hair, parted on the left, blue eyes, a full mustache, and a long gray beard. Four gold buttons on front of his military coat are visible. He is holding the handle of a gold sword and stands before a dark sky with golden clouds.
Artwork Details
Oil
Thomas, Stephen (1809-1903)
Context
Brigadier General Stephen Thomas was commander of the 8th Vt. Regiment in the Civil War.
Made/Created
Artist
Wood, Thomas Waterman (1823-1903)
1886
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Person or Organization
8th Vermont Infantry
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Bucket
Name/Title
Bucket
Entry/Object ID
2008.1.8
Description
A World War II era canvas water bucket. It has metal rings at the top and bottom, encased in heavy canvas and a padded handle.
Context
This canvas bucket was among the WWII equipment used by Lawrence Rossi (1918-2025) of Barre during his three years of service in the Pacific Theater. Rossi served in the Army as a 1st Lieutenant with the 172nd Infantry. After he was discharged in 1946 he continued to serve in the Vermont National Guard and was reactivated to serve in the Korean War. He retired as a Major from the Vermont National Guard in 1963.
Acquisition
2008.1
Dimensions
Materials
Cotton
This is canvas
Relationships
Person or Organization
Rossi, Lawrence K.
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Buckle
Name/Title
Buckle
Entry/Object ID
1967.65
Description
Rectangular belt buckle molded with an image of a spread eagle with a federal shield over its chest. The eagle is holding a banner in its beak that reads, "E PLURIBUS UNUM". The shield is enameled in red, white, and blue.
Acquisition
1967.65
Lexicon
Dimensions
Buckle, Belt
Name/Title
Buckle, Belt
Entry/Object ID
1986.18.40
Description
U.S. Army oval waist belt plate (buckle) for a common soldier. It has "U S" in raised letters in the center. Stamp on back reads: "W. H. SMITH/BROOKLYN"

Oval brass belt buckle molded with the initials "US". The back is marked, "W. H. SMITH BROOKLYN".
Context
Owned by Charles F. Branch of Orwell, Vermont
Acquisition
1986.18
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Branch, Charles Francis, Sr. (1845-1910), 9th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Orwell
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
2012.24.3a-b
Description
Fired 9 mm bullet and casing.
Context
Used during the murder of Isabelle Norton in Randolph, VT, 1941.
Acquisition
2012.24
Made/Created
1940
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Brass, Metal
Relationships
Norton, Isabelle Mary Tilton (1917-1941), Reid, William J.
Place
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
2012.24.4a-b
Description
Fired 9 mm bullet and casing.
Context
Used during the murder of Isabelle Norton in Randolph, VT, 1941.
Acquisition
2012.24
Made/Created
1940
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Norton, Isabelle Mary Tilton (1917-1941), Reid, William J.
Place
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
2012.24.5a-b
Description
Fired 9 mm bullet and casing.
Context
Used during the murder of Isabelle Norton in Randolph, VT, 1941.
Acquisition
2012.24
Made/Created
1940
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Brass, Metal
Relationships
Norton, Isabelle Mary Tilton (1917-1941), Reid, William J.
Place
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
1926.12
Description
Two paper-wrapped packages of ammunition. Inside the paper are a metal bullet and gunpowder. Each end of the packages are secured with cotton twine.
Context
Said to have been taken from the British at Plattsburgh, New York, on September 11, 1814
Acquisition
1926.12
Made/Created
circa 1814
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall (each)
Materials
String
Relationships
Place
Lake
Lake Champlain
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Battle of Valcour Island, War of 1812
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
1964.42.7c
Description
Oblong metal bullet.
Acquisition
1964.42
Made/Created
1898
Lexicon
Materials
Leather, Cotton
Relationships
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
1960.57.1g
Description
Deformed lead bullet. The bullet is pointed at one end, and has two lines molded around it.
Context
Taken from the site of Seminary Ridge, an area of the Battle of Gettysburg
Acquisition
1960.57
Made/Created
1863
Lexicon
Materials
Lead
Relationships
Person or Organization
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Place
City
Gettysburg
State/Province
Pennsylvania
Country
United States of America
Continent
Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
1960.57.1b
Description
Lead bullet. The bullet is pointed at one end and has two lines molded around its circumference.
Context
Taken from the site of Seminary Ridge, an area of the Battle of Gettysburg
Acquisition
1960.57
Made/Created
1863
Lexicon
Materials
Lead
Relationships
Person or Organization
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Place
City
Gettysburg
State/Province
Pennsylvania
Country
United States of America
Continent
Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
1960.57.1i
Description
Lead bullet. The bullet is pointed at one end and has three lines molded around it, two shallow and one deep.
Context
Taken from the site of Seminary Ridge, an area of the Battle of Gettysburg
Acquisition
1960.57
Made/Created
1863
Lexicon
Materials
Lead
Relationships
Person or Organization
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Place
City
Gettysburg
State/Province
Pennsylvania
Country
United States of America
Continent
Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War
Bullet
Name/Title
Bullet
Entry/Object ID
1907.2.2a
Description
Molded metal bullet. The bullet comes to a slight point at the front, and has three ridges around it at the back. It came in a small bandbox.
Context
On the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 3, 1863), Cpl. Joseph W. Hitchcock of Col. G., 13th Vermont Volunteers was shot in the leg with this bullet. The bullet remained in his leg for nearly four years. When it finally came near the surface, he removed it himself with a jack-knife.
Acquisition
1907.2
Made/Created
circa 1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Hitchcock, Joseph, 13th Vermont Infantry
Place
City
Gettysburg
State/Province
Pennsylvania
Country
United States of America
Continent
Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War
Bullet Mold
Name/Title
Bullet Mold
Entry/Object ID
1940.4ab
Description
Rectangular bullet mold. The mold is split into two halves that join together with wooden dowels. When joined, there is a small well at the seam with drill channels leading to round molds. There are eleven holes.
Context
Found in Swanton, Vermont, ca. 1930.
Acquisition
1940.4
Lexicon
Relationships
Place
Town
Swanton
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Fenian Raids
Bullets
Name/Title
Bullets
Entry/Object ID
1946.7b-g
Description
Six metal cased bullets with hollow ends.
Context
Owned by John Bailey as sheriff of Wells River, Vermont.
Acquisition
1946.7
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Bailey, John (1822-1911)
Place
Village
Wells River
Town
Newbury
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Button
Name/Title
Button
Entry/Object ID
1935.5.6
Description
Round metal button molded with the letter I.
Context
Purchased by W. C. Holman of Braintree, Vermont, in Raleigh, North Carolina, while he was a prison of war during the American Civil War.
Acquisition
1935.5
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Holman, William Chauncey
,
Event
Civil War
Buttons
Name/Title
Buttons
Entry/Object ID
1931.10a-w
Description
23 brass coat buttons. Each button is circular with a post back at the center. The front of each is stamped with a faceted 7-pointed star.
Context
Said to have been from the uniform coat worn during the Revolutionary War.
Acquisition
1931.10
Made/Created
circa 1760
18th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Event
American Revolutionary War
Buttons
Name/Title
Buttons
Entry/Object ID
1952.32.9g-l
Description
Six brass buttons molded with federal eagles. Each eagle has a sword with the letter I in the center.
Context
Owned by Lieutenant Colonel Roswell Farnham of Bradford, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1952.32
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
12th Vermont Infantry, Farnham, Roswell (1827-1903)
Place
Town
Bradford
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Buttons
Name/Title
Buttons
Entry/Object ID
1965.62.1a-d
Description
Four brass, post-backed coat buttons molded with the intertwined letters, "GAR".
Context
Owned by Frederick Ransom Cobb of Putney, Vermont.
Acquisition
1965.62
Lexicon
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Cobb, Frederick Ransom, Grand Army of the Republic
Place
Town
Putney
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Buttons
Name/Title
Buttons
Entry/Object ID
1948.11.3q-s
Description
3 brass military uniform buttons with post backs. Two are molded with an image of an eagle perched on an anchor. The third is molded with an image of an eagle with a federal shield on its chest.
Context
Owned by John H. Hurley of Northfield, Vermont, during the Civil War
Acquisition
1948.11
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Hurley, John Henry (1836-1909), 7th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Northfield
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Buttons
Name/Title
Buttons
Entry/Object ID
1965.62.1e-r
Description
Fourteen brass, post-backed buttons molded with the intertwined letters, "GAR".
Context
Owned by Frederick Ransom Cobb of Putney, Vermont.
Acquisition
1965.62
Lexicon
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Cobb, Frederick Ransom, Grand Army of the Republic
Place
Town
Putney
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camp Berdan
Name/Title
Camp Berdan
Entry/Object ID
2015.12.20
Description
Pencil sketch showing a long, clapboard building encircled by an oval path. There is a line of people to the left of the building, a man walking toward the building to the right, and a man holding a gun or stick over his shoulder in front of the building. There is a pole flying the United States flag at the center of the composition. The flag is the only part of the sketch that is colored. Hills border the horizon on either side of the composition. There are multiple labels: "Ball Road" on the left edge; "Village" at the bottom left; "Camp Berdan" at the bottom center; "West Randolph Vt" at the bottom right; "Wm [illeg]" at the bottom right. The page was previously folded for mailing, with the shipping label, "Mr. Exes Menet / care of capt. Stoughton / sec of the U.S.S.S. camp / instruction Washington DC".
Context
Shows Camp Berdan, likely a camp of sharpshooters under the command of Colonel Hiram Berdan, near Randolph, Vermont, during the Civil War. The drawing was mailed to Exes Minette at the main sharpshooter training camp, Camp of Instruction, in Washington, DC.
Acquisition
2015.12
Made/Created
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall (paper)
Relationships
Person or Organization
Minette, Exes (1835-1889)
Place
Village
West Randolph
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Web Links and URLs
Campaign Hat
Name/Title
Campaign Hat
Entry/Object ID
1969.31.13
Description
Brown wool campaign hat. The hat has a wide, slightly downturned brim. The round crown is indented in four quadrants. There is a brown grosgrain ribbon around the base of the crown.
Context
Worn by J. L. Stone of Burlington, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
1969.31
Lexicon
Materials
Wool, Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Stone, Joseph Lyman (1895-1958)
Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1920.7
Description
Paper-wrapped taper candle. Two ribbons, one cream and the other red, are tied around the paper wrapping.
Context
Used by S. Parker at the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee on April 9, 1865.
Acquisition
1920.7
Made/Created
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax, Paper, Silk
Relationships
Event
Civil War
Cane
Name/Title
Cane
Entry/Object ID
1920.2a-d
Description
Plane wooden cane with copper band. The can is straight, with no knob or handle, and tapers toward the bottom. The band is engraved with the inscription, "This cane presented by Horatio N. Taplin of Washington ,D.C. to George L. Blanchard and by him turned over to the Vermont Historical Society was made from wood from the old bridge over which all the Northern Troops passed into Virginia during the Civil War"
Acquisition
1920.2
Made/Created
1907
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Copper
Relationships
Event
Civil War
Cannonball
Name/Title
Cannonball
Entry/Object ID
1965.26.15b
Description
Small round metal cannonball.
Context
Recovered from the wreck of the Royal Savage in Lake Champlain
Acquisition
1965.26
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Lead
Relationships
Place
Lake
Lake Champlain
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
American Revolutionary War
Cannonball
Name/Title
Cannonball
Entry/Object ID
1960.57.1f
Description
Round iron cannonball.
Context
Taken from the site of Seminary Ridge, an area of the Battle of Gettysburg
Acquisition
1960.57
Made/Created
1863
Lexicon
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Person or Organization
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Place
City
Gettysburg
State/Province
Pennsylvania
Country
United States of America
Continent
Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War
Cannonball
Name/Title
Cannonball
Entry/Object ID
1960.160
Description
Round iron cannonball.
Acquisition
1960.160
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Cannonball
Name/Title
Cannonball
Entry/Object ID
1954.283.148
Description
Small round metal cannonball.
Context
Found in Caledonia County, Vermont
Acquisition
1954.283
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Place
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cannonball
Name/Title
Cannonball
Entry/Object ID
1954.283.149
Description
Small round metal cannonball.
Context
Found in Caledonia County, Vermont
Acquisition
1954.283
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Place
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cannonball
Name/Title
Cannonball
Entry/Object ID
1930.7
Description
Large rifled bullet meant to be shot from a cannon.
Context
Found in Sheldon, Vermont, after the Saint Albans raiders retreated through the town during the Civil War, in October of 1864.
Acquisition
1930.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Place
Town
Sheldon
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Cannonball
Name/Title
Cannonball
Entry/Object ID
1952.38
Description
Round metal cannonball. The ball weighs three pounds.
Context
Found of the farm of Sidney Phelps, South Hero, Vermont
Acquisition
1952.38
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Person or Organization
Phelps, Sidney Chellis (1878-1956)
Place
Town
South Hero
County
Grand Isle County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cannonball
Name/Title
Cannonball
Entry/Object ID
1980.27.2
Description
Round iron cannonball with pitted surface. A large seam is around the center of the ball.
Context
Taken from the wreck of the "Royal Savage" and given to Dr. Chittick to use playing marbles or pool.
Acquisition
1980.27
Made/Created
18th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Person or Organization
Arnold, Benedict (1741-1801)
Place
Lake
Lake Champlain
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
American Revolutionary War
Cannonball
Name/Title
Cannonball
Entry/Object ID
1980.27.3
Description
Round, cast iron cannonball with uneven, mottled surface.
Context
Taken from the wreck of the "Royal Savage" and given to Dr. Chittick to use playing marbles or pool.
Acquisition
1980.27
Made/Created
18th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Person or Organization
Arnold, Benedict (1741-1801)
Place
Lake
Lake Champlain
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
American Revolutionary War
Cannonball
Name/Title
Cannonball
Entry/Object ID
1960.57.1a
Description
Round iron cannonball.
Context
Taken from the site of Seminary Ridge, an area of the Battle of Gettysburg
Acquisition
1960.57
Made/Created
1863
Lexicon
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Person or Organization
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Place
City
Gettysburg
State/Province
Pennsylvania
Country
United States of America
Continent
Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1923.15
Description
Round wooden canteen with metal bands around it. The side is engraved with several letters, the neatest being "E.A" in the center. The letters "L.G." are engraved larger toward the top, and the letter W is engraved in several places with different orientations.
Context
Said to have been owned by Ethan Allen.
Acquisition
1923.15
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Allen, Ethan (1738-1789)
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1954.25.1a-b
Description
Red-painted wooden canteen with flat, circular sides and a bentwood edge. There is a hole, but no spout. It is accompanied by remnants of a blood-stained silk handkerchief. One side is scratched with the inscription, "Jan 7 75 Bunker Hill".
Context
Said to have been used by Captain William Ripley during the American Revolutionary War.
Acquisition
1954.25
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
Ripley, William
Event
American Revolutionary War
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1994.53.3
Description
Round metal canteen molded on both sides with a bullseye design. There are three brackets around the edge with a long strap of cotton webbing through them, creating a carrying strap. The strap is embroidered with the inscription, "E. C. Hall Co. G. 10th VT", followed by a cross indicating the sixth corps, and the year, "186[illeg]". The center top of the canteen has a short metal spout, sealed with a cork topper. The neck of the spout bears the inscription, "LADJ. HALL ROH. [illeg]."
Context
Used by Edwin C. Hall of Brookfield, Vermont, during the Civil War
Acquisition
1994.53
Made/Created
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Steel, Cotton, Cork
Relationships
Hall, Edwin C. (1845-1913), 10th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Brookfield
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1957.7
Description
Wooden, barrel-style canteen or water bottle. The canteen is circular with flat sides. One side is etched with the inscription, "1779. DT, DW, TD, D x I, RJ". The back is inscribed, "1789 R, DT". At the top is a small board between the side hoops with a hole drilled through for inserting a spout or cork. There is another, smaller hole near it to allow airflow.
Acquisition
1957.7
Made/Created
1779-1789
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1924.5
Description
Wooden, barrel-style canteen or water bottle. The canteen is circular with flat sides. One sides is etched with the inscription, "W x MILLERS BOTTLE RYEGATE VT". The back is inscribed, "JAMES JAMES FIELD". At the top is a small board between the side hoops with a hole drilled through for inserting a spout or cork. There is another, smaller hole near it to allow airflow.
Context
Used by W. Miller of Ryegate, Vermont
Acquisition
1924.5
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Person or Organization
Miller, W.
Place
Town
Ryegate
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.1a-b
Description
Round, canvas-covered canteen with long leather strap. The canteen is printed on one side with "U.S. F" and has "P.S. Howes CoF 1st Vt" handwritten on the other side. The leather strap attaches to metal rings on either side of the canteen.
Context
Used by Corporal Phil Sheridan Howe of Montpelier, Vermont, during the Spanish-American War
Acquisition
1945.20
Made/Created
circa 1890
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Cotton, Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1946.17.3a-b
Description
Round, canvas-covered canteen with long leather strap. The canteen is printed on one side with hand-painted with the inscription, "Lt. Patterson" on one side. The leather strap attaches to metal rings on either side of the canteen.
Context
Used by First Lieutenant S. A. W. Patterson in China as part of the Boxer Rebellion Relief Expedition, 1900.
Acquisition
1946.17
Made/Created
1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Cotton, Leather
Relationships
Patterson, Samuel A. W. (1859-1933), Patterson, Samuel A. W. (1859-1933)
Place
Country
China
Continent
Event
Boxer Rebellion
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
2008.1.10a-c
Description
a - Olive-green canvas case that snaps and belt for the waist to carry the canteen
b - Metal canteen with a black cap
c - Dish, which the canteen fits into, for food
Context
This canteen was among the WWII equipment used by Lawrence Rossi (1918-2025) of Barre during his three years of service in the Pacific Theater. Rossi served in the Army as a 1st Lieutenant with the 172nd Infantry. After he was discharged in 1946 he continued to serve in the Vermont National Guard and was reactivated to serve in the Korean War. He retired as a Major from the Vermont National Guard in 1963.
Acquisition
2008.1
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Cotton, Plastic
Case is made of canvas
Relationships
Person or Organization
Rossi, Lawrence K.
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1982.37.17
Description
Round, tin canteen with a pouring/drinking spout at the center top. There is no textile cover. The label, "Walter CoE. 15 Regt. Vt. Vol Fifer" is scratched into the neck of the spout. There is a cork stopper with a metal ring. The cork is attached to a side bracket with a chain. Three side brackets hold a long, woven strap around the seam of the canteen.
Context
Owned by True Blake Walter during the Civil War. Walter served as a musician in Company E, 15th Regiment Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.37
Made/Created
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin, Cotton
Relationships
Person or Organization
Walker, True Blake (1841-1863)
Place
Town
Burke
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1968.37.1
Description
Round metal canteen covered in plain-woven wool. There is an attached cotton shoulder strap. The spout of the canteen is at the center top, and there is no stopper.
Context
Owned by Charles A. Dean of Woodstock, Vermont
Acquisition
1968.37
Made/Created
1862-1864
Lexicon
Materials
Wool, Metal, Cloth
Relationships
Dean, Charles Augustus (1844-1921), 8th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Woodstock
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1963.31.1
Description
Round metal canteen molded on both sides with a bullseye design. There are three brackets around the edge for securing a carrying strap. The center top of the canteen has a short metal spout, sealed with a cork topper.
Context
Used by Alfred M. Richardson of Rochester, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1963.31
Made/Created
1860-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Richardson, Alfred M. (1829-1865), 11th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Rochester
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Cap
Name/Title
Cap
Entry/Object ID
2008.1.14
Description
An olive-green military "jump cap" made up of a stiff, three-inch tall oval bowl and a visor.
Context
This hat was worn by Lawrence Rossi (1918-2025) of Barre during military service. He spent three years in the Pacific Theater during WWII, serving as a 1st Lieutenant with the Army's 172nd Infantry. After he was discharged in 1946 he continued to serve in the Vermont National Guard and was reactivated to serve in the Korean War. He retired as a Major from the Vermont National Guard in 1963.
Acquisition
2008.1
Made/Created
Falcon 7
Dimensions
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Person or Organization
Rossi, Lawrence K.
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cap
Name/Title
Cap
Entry/Object ID
2008.1.15
Description
Olive-green wool US Army garrison cap with gold pin and gold edge.
Context
This hat was worn by Lawrence Rossi (1918-2025) of Barre during military service. He spent three years in the Pacific Theater during WWII, serving as a 1st Lieutenant with the Army's 172nd Infantry. After he was discharged in 1946 he continued to serve in the Vermont National Guard and was reactivated to serve in the Korean War. He retired as a Major from the Vermont National Guard in 1963.
Acquisition
2008.1
Made/Created
J.W Bayly & Son
Dimensions
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Rossi, Lawrence K.
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cap
Name/Title
Cap
Entry/Object ID
1959.53.4
Description
Navy blue fatigue cap with a glossy finish. The cap has a soft crown and a stiff, round, leather-covered brim. There are brass buttons on either side of the brim, each molded with the seal of Vermont. Two gold cords are strung between the buttons over the top of the brim. The interior is lined with black cotton that is quilted in the crown to show the seal of the State of Vermont.
Context
Worn by Edward H. Prouty of Montpelier, Vermont, during the Spanish-American War.
Acquisition
1959.53
Made/Created
M. C. Lilley & Company
Lexicon
Materials
Leather, Brass, Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
Prouty, Edward H. (1871-1966)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Cap
Name/Title
Cap
Entry/Object ID
1973.36.5
Description
Khaki wool doughboy cap.
Context
Worn by Guy Hiram Boyce of Moretown, Vermont while in the US Army during World War I.
Acquisition
1973.36
Made/Created
1918-1919
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Boyce, Guy Hiram (1889-1973)
Place
Town
Moretown
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Cap Box
Name/Title
Cap Box
Entry/Object ID
1952.32.9x-y
Description
Round, tin box consisting of a lid and base. The lid has a green paper label that reads, ‘ELEY BROS 100 METAL-LINED CAPS Made expressly for COLT’S PT. Belt and Pocket PISTOLS. Manufacturers. London.
Context
Owned by Lieutenant Colonel Roswell Farnham of Bradford, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1952.32
Made/Created
Eley Brothers
1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
12th Vermont Infantry, Farnham, Roswell (1827-1903)
Place
Town
Bradford
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Cape
Name/Title
Cape
Entry/Object ID
2007.30.5a
Description
Navy blue wool cape with black velvet collar and dark red wool lining. The cape secures at the center breast with two large, navy frogs, that attach on both sides.
Context
Worn by Amelia Helene Angelico Lissor of Montpelier, VT, while in the Navy Nurse Corps, 1956-1958.
Acquisition
2007.30
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Cloak
Female
Material
Wool
Made/Created
circa 1955
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Lissor, Amelia Helene Angelico (b. 1931), US Navy
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cape
Name/Title
Cape
Entry/Object ID
2006.24.5
Description
Circular, navy blue wool cape with black velvet falling collar. The cape opens up the center front and secures at the neck with a large metal hook and eye. There is a large silk cord frog across the front that secures at the shoulders. There are interior slit pockets on both sides of the open. The right pocket has a label that reads, "B. Turk & Bro. Burlington, Vt." and a handwritten label that reads, "Col. M. B. Roberts Jan. '05".
Context
Worn by Col. Merritt B. Roberts of Rupert, Vermont, as part of the National Guard. Roberts was part of the Governor's Home Guard from 1904 to 1906 under Governor Charles Bell.
Acquisition
2006.24
Made/Created
B. Turk & Bro.
1904-1906
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Bell, Charles J. (1845-1909), Roberts, Merritt (1858-1928), Vermont National Guard
,
Cape
Name/Title
Cape
Entry/Object ID
2016.1.9
Description
Navy blue wool nurse's cape with red wool lining. It opens at the center front and secures just below the neckline with two self-fabric straps that attach to buttons on either side of the opening. It has a short standing collar embroidered with the inscriptions "M.H.M.H." on the right and "46" on the left (both in yellow). There is an interior slit pocket on the left side. A sewn-in tag at the back neckline reads, "Marvine Neitzel Corp. Quality Capes and Nurses' Apparel Troy, N.Y. U.S.A." and three additional tags create the initials "A E B" with one letter on each tag.
Context
Worn by Amelia Brown Maver of Boltonville, Vermont, at Mary Hitchcock Memorial Hospital during World War II.
Acquisition
2016.1
Made/Created
Marvin Neitzel Corporation
1943-1949
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Maver, Amelia Brown (1924-2014), Mary Hitchcock Hospital
,
Event
World War II
Cartridge Belt
Name/Title
Cartridge Belt
Entry/Object ID
1959.53.2
Description
Navy blue cartridge belt with brass buckle. The belt is made of plain-woven canvas and stitched with narrow, vertical loops for holding ammunition. The reverse side of the belt strap is stenciled in white with the number 10.
Context
Worn by Edward H. Prouty of Montpelier, Vermont, during the Spanish-American War.
Acquisition
1959.53
Made/Created
1901
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton, Brass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Prouty, Edward H. (1871-1966)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Cartridge Box
Name/Title
Cartridge Box
Entry/Object ID
1926.11.1a
Description
Dark brown leather cartridge box that connects to a belt. The box closes with an upper flap and secures with a strap that loops over a metal post at the bottom (strap now missing). The interior has a wooden insert with holes for bullets. There is also a pocket across the front for storing small tools.
Acquisition
1926.11
Made/Created
Dingee & Lorigan Makers
circa 1812
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Paper, Leather
Relationships
Event
War of 1812
Cartridge Box
Name/Title
Cartridge Box
Entry/Object ID
1943.14
Description
Leather pouch with a folding flap cover and two belt loops on the back. A handwritten notes is attached to the front flap explaining that the pouch was captured during the Civil War.
Context
Used by John S. Moseby's Confederate Guerillas and captured by the 1st Vermont Cavalry at Union Mills, Virginia.
Acquisition
1943.14
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Paper
Relationships
1st Vermont Cavalry, Nownes, Charles, Shepard, Clarina, 13th Vermont Infantry
,
Event
Civil War
Cartridge Box
Name/Title
Cartridge Box
Entry/Object ID
1946.17.10
Description
Small leather bag with leather carrying strap. The bag secures with a flap that falls halfway down the length of the front. The seams are whip stitched with sinew.
Context
Used by First Lieutenant S. A. W. Patterson during the Philippine-American War
Acquisition
1946.17
Made/Created
circa 1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Person or Organization
Patterson, Samuel A. W. (1859-1933)
Place
Country
Philippines
Continent
Event
Philippine-American War
Cartridge Box
Name/Title
Cartridge Box
Entry/Object ID
1952.32.9o
Description
Small leather cartridge box that secures with a flap that covers the front of the case. The back of the case has two vertical straps for securing the case onto a belt. The front flap is embossed with the initials, "US".
Context
Owned by Lieutenant Colonel Roswell Farnham of Bradford, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1952.32
Lexicon
Materials
Leather
Relationships
12th Vermont Infantry, Farnham, Roswell (1827-1903)
Place
Town
Bradford
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Cartridge Box
Name/Title
Cartridge Box
Entry/Object ID
1952.32.10
Description
Black leather cartridge box that secures with a flap that covers the front of the case. The interior is fitted with a tin insert separated into two sections. The case is covered with remnants of glued-on paper. It is accompanied by a box that reads, "6 Combustible Envelope CARTRIDGES. MADE OF HAZARD'S POWDER EXPRESSLY FOR COL. COLT'S PATENT REVOLVING POCKET PISTOL". There is also a paper packet printed with the Vermont state seal and the label, "Qr. M. General's Department, BRATTLEBORO, Vt."
Context
Owned by Lieutenant Colonel Roswell Farnham of Bradford, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1952.32
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Relationships
12th Vermont Infantry, Farnham, Roswell (1827-1903)
Place
Town
Bradford
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Cartridge Box
Name/Title
Cartridge Box
Entry/Object ID
1968.37.2
Description
Leather cartridge case that secures with a flap that covers the front of the case. There are slits for a metal plate (missing) at the center front. The interior is fitted with two tin inserts, each separated into two sections. Beneath the front flap on the front of the case is an additional envelope-style pouch. Printed with label, "WATERTOWN ARSENEL 1864".
Context
Owned by Charles Augustus Dean of Woodstock, Vermont, who fought with the 8th Vermont Infantry during the Civil War
Acquisition
1968.37
Made/Created
1862-1864
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin, Paper
Relationships
Dean, Charles Augustus (1844-1921), 8th Vermont Infantry
,
Event
Civil War
Cartridge Box
Name/Title
Cartridge Box
Entry/Object ID
1960.166.1
Description
Leather cartridge box with a front flap closure impressed with the letters US within an oval. The box is connected to long leather straps.
Acquisition
1960.166
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Relationships
Event
Civil War
Carving
Name/Title
Carving
Entry/Object ID
1962.13.1
Description
Small bone trinket. The piece is rectangular on one end, and has a cross on the other. Though it looks like a key now, it was likely meant to represent a church.
Context
Made by Walter Graham while a prisoner of war in Danville, Virginia, prison No. 1 during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1962.13
Made/Created
Artist
Graham, Thomas Walter (1840-1901)
1864-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Bone
Relationships
Person or Organization
10th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Arlington
County
Bennington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Carving
Name/Title
Carving
Entry/Object ID
1962.13.2
Description
Small carved bone anvil and hammer. The two are connected by a metal wire.
Context
Made by Walter Graham while a prisoner of war in Danville, Virginia, prison No. 1 during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1962.13
Made/Created
Artist
Graham, Thomas Walter (1840-1901)
1864-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Bone
Relationships
Person or Organization
10th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Arlington
County
Bennington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Case
Name/Title
Case
Entry/Object ID
1946.17.20c
Description
Black metal case for storing and transporting epaulets (1946.17.24ab). The lid opens with two hinges and secures with a flap latch at the center front. There is a small wire handle at the center of the lid. The interior is lined with red velvet.
Use
Carrying and storing epaulets
Acquisition
1946.17
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Patterson, Samuel A. W. (1859-1933)
Event
Spanish-American War
Case
Name/Title
Case
Entry/Object ID
1957.31.11
Description
Black leather cartridge box that secures with a flap that covers the front of the case. On the flap is a large brass emblem in the shape of a crown over the entwined initials RTW.
Acquisition
1957.31
Made/Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Leather, Metal
Chest
Interpretative Labels
Trunk or Chest, circa 1770 Germany (Hesse or Brunswick) Iron and wood Anonymous Gift, #1912.1 This heavy iron trunk was brought to New Jersey by Hessian mercenaries serving in the British army. Victorious Americans captured it at the Battle of Trenton in 1777. It was acquired by Richard Morris, Chief Justice of the New York Supreme Court, who sent it to his son, Lewis, in Springfield, Vermont. Attached was a note instructing Lewis to use the trunk “to secure your valuables from that dishonest and reckless population of the Green Mountain State, who have held against the just and true claims of New York.”
Name/Title
Chest
Entry/Object ID
1912.1
Description
Large, black iron chest with strapped reinforcement. The lid of the chest overhangs the body and hinges open at the back. The ends each have a large U-shaped handle, threaded and secured through large iron eyes. The front has four large iron eyes with straps for locking the chest closed. The center front is decorated with a large, floral escutcheon applied onto the side.
Context
Used by a Hessian regiment in the Revolutionary War. It was captured at the Battle of Trenton and given to Lewis R. Morris of Springfield, VT "to secure your valuables from that dishonest and reckless population of the Green Mountain State, who have held against the just and true claims of New York."
Acquisition
1912.1
Made/Created
circa 1770
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Morris, Lewis Richard (1760-1825), Morris, Richard (1730-1810)
Place
Town
Springfield
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
American Revolutionary War
Chipped Stone
Name/Title
Chipped Stone
Entry/Object ID
1950.27.418
Description
Round, bifacial chipped stone.
Context
Collected by Harry M. Woodcock at Bristol Pond
Acquisition
1950.27
Ethnography
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Woodcock, Harrison Morton (1889-1950)
Place
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cloth Fragment
Name/Title
Cloth Fragment
Entry/Object ID
1930.6
Description
Small, rectangular piece of white fabric. The fabric is pasted onto a piece of blue-lined paper and held within a gilded frame. The paper has the handwritten inscription, "A piece of cloth stained with the Late President A. Lincoln's blood and which was paced between his head and this [sic] pillow. Presented by C.K.W. Strong Aug 29, 1865".
Context
Piece of cloth stained with Abraham Lincoln's blood. The piece was owned by C. K. W. Strong of Rutland, Vermont, a clerk in the war department during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1930.6
Made/Created
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall (framed)
Materials
Glass, Cloth
Relationships
Person or Organization
Lincoln, Abraham (1809-1865)
Event
Civil War
Club
Name/Title
Club
Entry/Object ID
1954.283.58
Description
Ground stone club. The butt end is flat and rounded while the other end is flat and broad.
Context
Collected by Emma P. Sampson from Pezihutazizi (the Upper Sioux Indian Reservation) in Minnesota
Acquisition
1954.283
Ethnography
Lexicon
Materials
Stone
Relationships
Person or Organization
Sampson, Emma P. Merrill (1865-1953)
Place
State/Province
Minnesota
Country
United States of America
Continent
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
1921.8.1
Description
Red wool military coat. The coat has long tails in the back; the front is hemmed in a straight line slightly below the wearer's natural waist. It secures up the center front with a single line of large, brass post-backed buttons (9). There are 2 rows of decorative brass buttons that span from the shoulders to the center waist. The coat has a high collar decorated with 4 brass buttons on either side of the center front opening. The sleeves are set into the bodice with gathers at the top, creating a slight rise, and the arms are slightly bent forward. There are narrow cuffs decorated with large brass buttons along the cuff edge. The body of the coat is lined with undyed cotton.
Context
Worn by Aaron Parsons of Hubbardton, Vermont
Acquisition
1921.8
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Coat
Male
Fabric
Broadcloth
Material
Wool
Cotton
Brass
Color
Red
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Parsons, Aaron S. (1800-1862)
Place
Town
Hubbardton
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
2014.60.1288a
Description
Olive green wool overcoat. The coat is double breasted with two rows of three buttons. There is an olive green satin lining with two set-in pockets. The upper left sleeve bears a circular blue patch with a gold embroidered eagle.
Context
Worn by Major Max Rock of Barre, Vermont, during World War Two
Acquisition
2014.60
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Coat
Male
Fabric
Boiled Wool
Material
Wool
Made/Created
circa 1940-circa 1945
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Person or Organization
Rock, Max Albert (1912-1995)
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
1994.53.2
Description
Grey wool Confederate uniform coat with two rows of brass buttons. The buttons are impressed with a Federal eagle emblem. The wide-cut sleeves are decorated with gold braided strapwork. There are three gold braid bars on the collar, indicating the rank of Captain.
Context
Captured by Edwin C. Hall of Co. G, 10th Vermont in Petersburg, Virginia, April 2, 1865.
Acquisition
1994.53
Made/Created
1860-1865
Lexicon
Relationships
Hall, Edwin C. (1845-1913), 10th Vermont Infantry
Place
City
Petersburg
State/Province
Virginia
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
1978.20.1
Description
Long blue wool coat. The coat secures up the center front with two rows of nine brass buttons each. The buttons are separated into groups of three. The collar and sleeve cuffs are accented with black velvet. There are two rectangular shoulder straps outlined with gold braid and appliqued with two gold stars each. The coat is lined with blue silk satin.
Context
Worn by General William Wells of Waterbury, Vermont, during the Civil War
Acquisition
1978.20
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Coat
Male
Material
Wool
Brass
Silk
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Wells, William (1837-1892)
Place
Town
Waterbury
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
2001.25.1
Description
Calf-length, green wool coat. The coat is double breast and secures with three metal buttons. It has a wide lapel collar. There are two exterior buttons at the side front hips. The cuffs of the sleeves are pointed. The coat is lined in green satin.
Context
Worn by Frank Birch Easton, Jr. as a pilot in the US Marines during World War II.
Acquisition
2001.25
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Overcoat
Male
Made/Created
20th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Easton, Frank Birch, Jr. (1916-2009), United States Marine Corps
Place
Village
Craftsbury Common
Town
Craftsbury
County
Orleans County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
1955.40.1
Description
Khaki wool military coat with four front patch pockets and a standing collar. The long-sleeved coat buttons up the center front with 5 metal buttons molded with the initials "US". The pockets are held with the same buttons, as are shoulder straps, and there are matching buttons on the collar.
Context
Worn by Elwyn Jones of Fairhaven, Vermont, during World War I. Elwyn was inducted into the Students Army Training Corps at the University of Vermont for limited service on October 23rd, 1918. The war ended November 11, 1918.
Acquisition
1955.40
Made/Created
1918
Lexicon
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Jones, Elwyn, University of Vermont
Place
Town
Fair Haven
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
1982.37.3
Description
Blue wool overcoat. The coat opens in the center front and secures with 5 brass buttons. The neckline has a fall collar and attached capelet. The capelet buttons down the center front with 5 brass buttons. The buttons on both the coat and capelet are impressed with an eagle and shield. The inscription, "Fifer/T. B. Walter/CoE 15" is hand inked onto the lining of the proper left sleeve near the shoulder. The inscription "U. S. Inspector/Wm. Phillips/[illeg]". The coat is lined in wool with canvas pockets attached to the interior on each side.
Context
Worn by True Blake Walter during the Civil War. Walter served as a musician in Company E, 15th Regiment Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.37
Made/Created
1861
Lexicon
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Walker, True Blake (1841-1863)
Place
Town
Burke
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
2007.30.4
Description
Navy blue, double-breasted wool coat. The coat has two rows of buttons on the front, with the closure securing on the proper left side. There is a strap across the back that can be adjusted for fit with two buttons.
Context
Worn by Amelia Helene Angelico Lissor of Montpelier, VT, while in the Navy Nurse Corps, 1956-1958.
Acquisition
2007.30
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Coat
Female
12 Reg (32" waist)
Fabric
Boiled Wool
Material
Wool
Made/Created
circa 1955
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Lissor, Amelia Helene Angelico (b. 1931), US Navy
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
2014.60.1279
Description
Green wool uniform coat with a 3-inch standing collar. The coat has three rows spherical metal buttons with a brass shank and pewter fronts. Only the center row is functional. The body of the jacket is unlined, and the sleeves are lined with white linen. There are two rows of gold braid on either side of the collar, now mostly loose.
Context
Found in a house in Barre, Vermont. Possibly used during the War of 1812.
Acquisition
2014.60
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Coat
Male
Material
Wool
Made/Created
circa 1810
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
War of 1812
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
2018.9.8
Description
Double-breasted blue wool coat. The full-length coat opens in the center and secures with three buttons (six visible). There are two front pockets that secure with flaps. The lapels are decorated with matching "A.R.C." pins. There are green grosgrain epaulets. The upper right arm has a round white patch with an embroidered red cross in the center and the words, "AMERICAN RED CROSS SERVICE", around the edge. The lower right arm has five embroidered patches: three chevrons and two bars. The coat is lined in blue satin.
Context
The insignia on the arm indicates fourteen years of service.
Acquisition
2018.9
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Coat
Female
Material
Wool
Color
Blue
Made/Created
Howard Uniforms
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
American Red Cross
Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
2011.40.2a-b
Description
Dark blue wool gabardine uniform coat. The coat has 2 rows of blue buttons at the front; there is an extra, small button aligned with the row on the proper left. The coat is partially lined with satin. It has a rounded collar with large lapels. There is a tab and buttons under the collar to fasten the collar in an upright position. The sleeves have tabs and smaller buttons near the cuffs for cinching closed. The collar facing is bound and has buttonholes for attaching a removable liner. There is a tag attached tot he facing witht he name "Turner" written in ink, and the name "Marion I. Turner" on the reverse. The lining is stenciled in white with the name, "M. I. TURNER". There is a matching, self-fabric belt with a blue plastic buckle.
Context
Worn by Marion Turner Keeler of Middlebury, Vermont, during World War II
Acquisition
2011.40
Made/Created
1944-1946
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Keeler, Marion Turner (1924-2012), US Navy
Place
Town
Middlebury
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.2a
Description
Uniform coat of dark navy blue wool. The coat is double breast with two rows of 9 brass buttons. The buttons are impressed with an eagle. There are rectangular epaulets with gold-work stars and borders. The short, standing collar is black velvet. The coat is fully lined, and the lining is machine quilted.
Context
Worn by General George J. Stannard during the Civil War
Acquisition
1930.3
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Coat
Male
Material
Wool
Brass
Gold
Made/Created
1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Stannard, George Jerrison (1820-1886), 2nd Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
1965.26.3
Description
Uniform coat with navy body and red trim. The coat has a tall, standing collar and sloping shoulders. The wide front lapels are decorated down the length of both sides with white bound buttonholes and brass buttons. The back of the coat falls in tails lined with white glazed cotton. Each tail is turned back and held with decorative hearts. Two pocket flaps are placed on the reverse and decorated with white bound buttonholes and brass buttons.
Context
Worn by Jacob Perkins of Orwell, VT during the War of 1812.
Acquisition
1965.26
Made/Created
1812
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Perkins, Jacob (1787-1846)
Place
Town
Orwell
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
War of 1812
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
2014.60.1287a-c
Description
Grey wool coat with three rows of round brass buttons on the front. The buttons are visually attached with horizontal lines of braid couched onto the front of the coat. The sleeve cuffs are decorated with the same buttons and braid as well as three lines of gold braid. The upper arms are decorated with large navy and gold chevrons. The back of the coat is elongated into tails.
Context
Likely worn by Captain Floyd A. Mitchell of Barre, Vermont, while a student at West Point.
Acquisition
2014.60
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Coat
Male
Material
Wool
Made/Created
1920-1924
Lexicon
Relationships
Mitchell, Floyd Allen (1901-1944), West Point
Place
Town
Barre Town
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
1999.23.7
Description
Tan canvas uniform coat flat-lined with heavy wool. The coat secures up the center front with two rows of brown plastic buttons. There is a wide, heavy collar. There are two buttons at the front hips. The width of the cuffs can be adjusted with a strap and buttons and there is a wool-lined belt that secures with a metal buckle at the wearer's waist. The upper left sleeve has two patches: a bar with the inscription "AIRBORNE", and a black circle with a yellow, four-towed talon (the insignia of the 17th Airborne).
Context
Worn by Louis Provost Peck of Montpelier, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
1999.23
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Coat
Male
36
Fabric
Canvas
Material
Cotton
Wool
Plastic
Made/Created
circa 1942
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Person or Organization
Peck, Louis Provost (1918-2008)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
2016.1.7
Description
Grey nylon raincoat. The coat opens down the center front and secures with three buttons. There is a belt that goes around the waist and secures with a plastic buckle. There are two pockets at the front hips. There are self-fabric epaulets at the shoulders that secure with buttons. There are pockets set into the side seams on both sides. There is a label inside the neck facing that reads, "U.S. Nurse Corps / Name: Amelia E. Brown / School: Mary Hitchcock Mem. / Hanover, N.H."
Context
Worn by Amelia Brown Maver of Boltonville, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
2016.1
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Coat
Female
14 (32/26/35)
Material
Nylon
Made/Created
1943-1949
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Maver, Amelia Brown (1924-2014), Mary Hitchcock Hospital
,
Event
World War II
Coat
Name/Title
Coat
Entry/Object ID
2016.1.8
Description
Grey wool uniform coat. The coat opens down the front, offset slightly to the left, and secures with a line of four grey plastic buttons. There are two pockets set at the hips. There are red ribbon epaulets at the shoulders that secure with buttons. A name tag sewn into the front facing reads, "Name: Amelia E. Brown/ School: Mary Hitchcock/ Address: Hanover, N.H." A tag at the neck reads, "size 12 J.C. Penney, Inc. 100% wool 3090".
Context
Worn by Amelia Brown Maver of Boltonville, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
2016.1
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Coat
Female
12 (30/24/33)
Material
Wool
Made/Created
1943-1949
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Maver, Amelia Brown (1924-2014), Mary Hitchcock Hospital
,
Event
World War II
Commemorative Medal
Name/Title
Commemorative Medal
Entry/Object ID
2000.12.30
Description
Medal consisting of an upper bar, a ribbon, and a medallion. The bar is molded with the words, "PRO PATRIA". The grosgrain ribbon is striped red, white, and blue. The round medallion is molded on one side with an eagle over a smaller medallion showing the Vermont State House and the words, "CITY OF MONTPELIER, VT." It is molded on the other side with the inscription, "UNITED STATES MILITARY FORCES 1917-1919 / MONTPELIER TO HER GALLANT SONS IN GRATEFUL RECOGNITION OF A DUTY WELL PERFORMED INT HE WORLD WAR".
Context
Present to Louis Bartlett Provost by the City of Montpelier, Vermont, in recognition of his service during World War I.
Acquisition
2000.12
Made/Created
1919
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Bronze, Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
Provost, Louis Bartlett (1889-1955)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Commemorative Ribbon
Name/Title
Commemorative Ribbon
Entry/Object ID
1965.65.1b
Description
a. Gold ribbon with fringe that reads, “5th Vermont Regiment Survivors’ Re-union, Burlington, VT., Jun 29, 1888.
b. Cream-colored ribbon with an eagle at the top and the words “5th Vermont Regiment Re-union, Burlington, Vermont, Jun 20th, 1889.”
Context
Owned by Governor Ebenezer Ormsbee
Acquisition
1965.65
Dimensions
Relationships
5th Vermont Infantry, Ormsbee, Ebenezer Jolls (1834-1924)
Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Commemorative Ribbon
Name/Title
Commemorative Ribbon
Entry/Object ID
1960.93.1a
Description
Commemorative ribbon consisting of a bar, ribbon, and medallion. The bar is copper and molded with the word, "VETERAN". The ribbon is pink plain-woven silk. The copper medallion is in the shape of an even-armed cross with the Vermont state seal molded into the center.
Context
Worn by a former member of the Vermont National Guard
Acquisition
1960.93
Made/Created
J. K. Davison
Lexicon
Materials
Copper, Silk, Paper, Bronze
Relationships
Person or Organization
Vermont National Guard
Commemorative Ribbon
Name/Title
Commemorative Ribbon
Entry/Object ID
1965.65.1a
Description
a. Gold ribbon with fringe that reads, “5th Vermont Regiment Survivors’ Re-union, Burlington, VT., Jun 29, 1888.
b. Cream-colored ribbon with an eagle at the top and the words “5th Vermont Regiment Re-union, Burlington, Vermont, Jun 20th, 1889.”
Context
Owned by Governor Ebenezer Ormsbee
Acquisition
1965.65
Dimensions
Relationships
5th Vermont Infantry, Ormsbee, Ebenezer Jolls (1834-1924)
Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Commemorative Ribbon
Name/Title
Commemorative Ribbon
Entry/Object ID
1965.65.3
Description
Bright blue and gold ribbon with two flags at the top, an attached portrait of Gen. Stephen Thomas and words printed in gold as follows: Annual Reunion, 8th Vermont Reg’t, Montpelier, October, 1902.
Context
Gen. Stephen Thomas of West Fairlee, Vt. was a colonel when he commanded the 8th Vermont Regiment during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1965.65
Dimensions
Relationships
Thomas, Stephen (1809-1903), 8th Vermont Infantry
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Commemorative Ribbon
Name/Title
Commemorative Ribbon
Entry/Object ID
1965.65.6
Description
Bright blue ribbon on which is printed a gold cross and the words 6th Army Corps.
Context
Owned by Governor Ebenezer Ormsbee
Acquisition
1965.65
Dimensions
Relationships
Person or Organization
Ormsbee, Ebenezer Jolls (1834-1924)
Event
Civil War
Commemorative Ribbon
Name/Title
Commemorative Ribbon
Entry/Object ID
1960.81.3g
Description
Commemorative ribbon consisting of a bar, ribbon, and medallion. The bar is molded with the word, "SOUVENIR". The grosgrain ribbon is blue in the center with red and white stripes along either edge. It is printed in gold with the inscription, "U. S. V. CAMP GEO. H. THOMAS 1898". The medallion is shaped like a cross pattee with a circular gold disk in the center molded with an image of three bayoneted guns propped against each other with a canteen and large case hanging from the center. The back of the disk is molded with an image of a soldier standing in front of two pup tents.
Context
Worn by Edward Prouty to commemorate his time training at Camp George H. Thomas in Chicamauga, Georgia. The USV (United Spanish War Veterans) was a fraternal organization for veterans of the Spanish-American War that formed in 1904.
Acquisition
1960.81
Made/Created
Schwaab S. & S. Co.
1904
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Prouty, Edward H. (1871-1966), United Spanish War Veterans
Place
City
Camp Chickamauga
State/Province
Georgia
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Cord
Name/Title
Cord
Entry/Object ID
1971.5.2
Description
Cotton 3-ply insignia cord. It is blue, cream, and tan, with acorn-shaped tassels on each end.
Context
Owned by Harold Dennis Newton of Hartland, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
1971.5
Lexicon
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Person or Organization
Newton, Harold Dennis (1895-1986)
Place
Town
Hartland
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Corsage
Interpretative Labels
Postal Savings Stamps, such as the ones here, were issued by the US government in an effort to raise money for World War II. The stamps were a cheaper alternative to larger denomination war bonds, rather than stamps used to pay postage on mail. Once enough stamps had been collected by a person, they could exchange them for a war bond of equivalent value. This corsage not only represents a patriotic spirit on the part of the wearer, it also visible shows a tangible 80-cent donation to the war effort.
Name/Title
Corsage
Entry/Object ID
2005.23.3
Description
Corsage made from postage stamps and cotton fabric. Each stamp is encased in cellophane and printed with the words "AMERICAN ON GUARD / 10C / U.S. POSTAL SAVINGS" and an image of a soldier. They are tied to a red-white-and-blue bunch of fake floral buds and 3 bias-cut strips of cotton (red, white, and blue).
Context
Likely made by Theresa C. Averill of Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2005.23
Made/Created
Artist
Averill, Theresa Marie Camire (1926-2019)
1941
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Paper, Plastic, Cotton
Relationships
Event
World War II
Cribbage Board
Name/Title
Cribbage Board
Entry/Object ID
1920.3.2
Description
Wooden cribbage board. The front of the board has four rows of 30 holes around the outside with two additional holes in the center of each short end. There are five holes along the center of the board, each on an etched line.

The back of the board is pasted with a piece of paper bearing the handwritten inscription, "This Cribbage Board was made from a fence rail, pierced with musket balls during the battle of Antietam, September Seventeenth 1862. The rail was taken from a fence in in front of the 2nd division of the 6th corps and the board was cut out and made by a private soldier in Batt's Brigade."
Context
Made from a fence rail that was pierced with musket balls during the Battle of Antietam. Owned by General William Farrar Smith.
Acquisition
1920.3
Made/Created
1862
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
3rd Vermont Infantry, Smith, William Farrar (1824-1903)
Place
City
St. Albans City
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Crossbow
Name/Title
Crossbow
Entry/Object ID
1946.3
Description
Wooden crossbow frame. The frame is shaped similarly to a long gun with two square holes through one end. It is marked, "E. S. 1781".
Context
Found in Tinmouth, Vermont
Acquisition
1946.3
Made/Created
1781
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Place
Town
Tinmouth
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Crupper
Name/Title
Crupper
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.1.5 a-b
Description
Crupper, piece of horse tack that attaches to the back of a saddle and then runs under the horse's tail to stabilize the saddle. It is comprised of two parts: the crupper itself, an oblong piece of leather that is flat at narrow end with an attached brass ring and rolled at wide semicircular end that sat under horse's tail; and a leather strap with brass buckle to attach crupper to saddle.
There are small pieces of chestnut hair (probably horse's tail) stuck in the leather of the rolled piece of crupper.
Part of complete tack that belonged to
Context
Owned by Major General George Stannard during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1930.3
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Brass
Relationships
Stannard, George Jerrison (1820-1886), Grand Army of the Republic, 2nd Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Georgia
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Cup
Name/Title
Cup
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.5
Description
Round tin cup with flat ear-shaped handle. The cup has straight sides and the edges of the cup and handle are rolled. The handle is stamped "US" and scratched with the letter H. On the bottom is scratched, "P.S. Howes Co. F. 1st Vt.".
Context
Used by Phil Howes of Company F, 1st Vermont during the Spanish-American War.
Acquisition
1945.20
Made/Created
circa 1890
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Relationships
1st Vermont Infantry, Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Place
Village
Adamant
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Cup
Name/Title
Cup
Entry/Object ID
1982.37.13
Description
Tin cup with a rolled top lip reinforced with a wire. The bottom is soldered over the sides, and side seam is folded and soldered.
Context
Owned by True Blake Walter during the Civil War. Walter served as a musician in Company E, 15th Regiment Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.37
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Person or Organization
Walker, True Blake (1841-1863)
Place
Town
Burke
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Cup
Name/Title
Cup
Entry/Object ID
1982.37.14
Description
Tin cup with straight handle attached just below the rim. The top lip is reinforced with a wire, and the handle is attached with two rivets. The bottom is soldered over the sides, and the side seam is folded and soldered. The top of the handle is scratched with the label, "Fifer Walter/ 15 Regt Vt Vol Co. E."
Context
Owned by True Blake Walter during the Civil War. Walter served as a musician in Company E, 15th Regiment Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.37
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Person or Organization
Walker, True Blake (1841-1863)
Place
Town
Burke
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Cutlass
Name/Title
Cutlass
Entry/Object ID
1968.24.1
Description
Curved sword with no scabbard. The grip is missing, leaving a bare tang with a loose metal ring holding the sword and guard together.
Context
Captured by a member of the 8th Vermont Regiment during the Civil War from the former home of Zachary Taylor in Louisiana.
Acquisition
1968.24
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel
Relationships
Taylor, Zachary (1784-1850), 8th Vermont Infantry
Place
State/Province
Louisiana
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Dagger
Name/Title
Dagger
Entry/Object ID
1950.21.1a-b
Description
Short dagger with sheath. The handle is made of bone and has a small metal plaque with the name, "W.B. Reynolds" engraved into it. The blade is marked, "George Wostenholm - Sheffield".
Context
Used by William B. Reynolds of Milton, Vermont, during the Civil War
Acquisition
1950.21
Made/Created
Artist
Wostenholm, George
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Leather, Bone
Relationships
Reynolds, William B. (1840-1864), 6th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Milton
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Dennis Duhigg
Name/Title
Dennis Duhigg
Entry/Object ID
1968.49.10
Description
Oval portrait showing a mustached man in a military uniform. His hair is parted at the side. His uniform coat buttons down the center front, and he has rectangular epaulets on either shoulder.
Artwork Details
Duhigg, Dennis (1841-1864)
Context
Dennis Duhigg enlisted into the Union Army from Lyndon, Vermont
Acquisition
1968.49
Made/Created
1862-1864
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Event
Civil War
Ditty Bag
Name/Title
Ditty Bag
Entry/Object ID
1982.37.1
Description
White cotton pouch filled with miscellaneous objects. The pouch is shaped like a wedge with a raw-edged opening at the top, a straight edge formed on a fold at the left, and a curved edge stitched with running stitches in black thread from the bottom of the fold to the top opening. Inside the pouch is a metal button, a buckle on a broken leather strap, a small screwdriver fashioned from a clock winding key, and several pieces of chalk.
Context
Owned by True Blake Walter, a musician in Co. E, 15th Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1982.37
Made/Created
1960-1963
Lexicon
Materials
Cotton, Metal, Chalk
Relationships
Person or Organization
Walter, True Blake (1841-1863)
Place
Town
Burke
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Document Box
Name/Title
Document Box
Entry/Object ID
1951.27.1
Description
Small, cotton-covered box. The box closes like an envelope, with only one of the long ends opening. The flap secures closed with a piece of twine. On of the sides is painted with the shipping label, "John Bain Co. A, First Vt. Cavalry Camp near Fort Scott, Virginia, December 24 1862".
Use
Used to hold and ship a small word book (1951.27.2).
Context
Owned by John Bain of Burlington, Vermont. Likely sent to him as a Christmas present during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1951.27
Made/Created
1862
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cardboard, Cotton
Relationships
Person or Organization
Bain, John J. (1809-1874)
Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Document Case
Name/Title
Document Case
Entry/Object ID
1960.90.1a
Description
Metal document tube consisting of tube and removable lid. The tube is painted green with gold lettering that reads, "Lieut. Col. Thos. F. Barr / Dep. Judge Adv. General / U.S. ARMY".
Context
Owned by Thomas Francis Barr in Washington, DC
Acquisition
1960.90
Made/Created
1884-1895
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Person or Organization
Barr, Thomas Francis (1837-1916)
Place
City
Washington
State/Province
District of Columbia
Country
United States of America
Continent
Dog Tag
Name/Title
Dog Tag
Entry/Object ID
1960.172.6
Description
Round, tin identification tag stamped with the words, "HAROLD T. HAWES / U. S. A.", on one side and "No. 2462416" on the other side. It is strung onto a khaki shoelace.
Context
Worn by Harold Hawes of Barre, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
1960.172
Made/Created
1917
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall (tag)
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Person or Organization
Hawes, Harold T. (1889-1945)
,
Event
World War I
Dog Tags
Name/Title
Dog Tags
Entry/Object ID
2003.36.3
Description
Two metal dog tags on a ball chain. Each tag reads, "ALLEN L. GRANGER / 31115873 T42 43A / KATHERINE GRANGER / NORTH FIELD, VT".
Context
Worn by Allen Granger, Sr., during World War II
Acquisition
2003.36
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Granger, Allen Laird, Sr. (1919-2002)
Place
Town
Northfield
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Dog Tags
Name/Title
Dog Tags
Entry/Object ID
2006.70.1
Description
Two metal dog tags on a metal chain. Each reads, "MITCHELL, JOSEPH L. 31254068 T43 44 O".
Context
Worn by Joseph L. Mitchell of Barre Town, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
2006.70
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Mitchell, Joseph L. (1915-1989)
Place
Town
Barre Town
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Dog tag
Name/Title
Dog tag
Entry/Object ID
2018.11.5
Description
A metal dog tag that is stamped Clinton K. Catto and a number.
Context
Worn by Clinton Catto during his service in WWII.

From the finding aid for documents in the Vermont Historical Society Library:

Clinton Erwin Catto was born in Barre, Vermont, on December 18, 1911, the third child
of Catherine Pratt Catto and William E. Catto (1865-1918), both natives of Aberdeen, Scotland.
Clinton’s father was a granite worker who died at age 50 of silicosis; his mother took in boarders
to support herself.
Mr. Catto worked for the Granite Mutual Insurance Co., of Barre as an inspector and
underwriter for six years before enlisting in the U.S. Army on January 31, 1944, at age 32. He
served in the 3256th Signal Service Company as a Clerk Typist with the rank of Sergeant. He was
discharged on January 12, 1946.
After the war, Mr. Catto returned to work at Granite Mutual and eventually became its
president. He retired as president in 1987 but continued to serve as chairman of the board until
1994. He also served as a director of the Champlain Casualty Company of Vermont and was its
first president, serving from 1987 until 1990.
Clinton E. Catto married Christyne Johnson on September 18, 1933. They had three
daughters and one son. Mr. Catto died on October 23, 1995.
Acquisition
2018.11
Made/Created
1941-1945
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Catto, Clinton Erwin (1911-1995)
Event
World War II
Dress
Name/Title
Dress
Entry/Object ID
2007.30.8a
Description
Heavily-starched, white long-sleeved dress. The dress opens down the center front and secures with post-backed buttons, now missing. There is a breast pocket on the proper left.
Context
Worn by Amelia Helene Angelico Lissor of Montpelier, VT, while in the Navy Nurse Corps, 1956-1958.
Acquisition
2007.30
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Dress
Female
12 R (30/24/33)
Material
Cotton
Made/Created
Naval Clothing Depot
circa 1955
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Lissor, Amelia Helene Angelico (b. 1931), US Navy
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Dress
Name/Title
Dress
Entry/Object ID
2018.9.3
Description
White cotton long-sleeved dress. The dress opens down the center front from neck to hem, securing with eight white plastic buttons. There is a pointed fall collar and the sleeves end in blue cuffs. There are three pockets on the front: two at the hips and one at the right breast. The breast pocket has a red cross embroidered patch. The left sleeve has two small red embroidered line or bar patches above the cuff. The dress originally included a belt, now missing.
Context
The two bars on the sleeve indicate two years of service.
Acquisition
2018.9
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Dress
Female
Made/Created
Guild Uniforms
1941-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Person or Organization
American Red Cross
Event
World War II
Dress
Name/Title
Dress
Entry/Object ID
2007.30.7a
Description
Short-sleeved, seersucker dress. The dress has a pointed falling collar and secures down the center front with post-backed buttons (now missing). A belt stretches across the waist band and secures at either side with molded plastic buttons, possibly matches for the missing buttons.
Context
Worn by Amelia Helene Angelico Lissor of Montpelier, VT, while in the Navy Nurse Corps, 1956-1958.
Acquisition
2007.30
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Dress
Female
12 Reg (30/24/33)
Fabric
Seersucker
Material
Cotton
Made/Created
Naval Clothing Depot
circa 1955
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Lissor, Amelia Helene Angelico (b. 1931), US Navy
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Dress
Name/Title
Dress
Entry/Object ID
2018.9.4
Description
Grey short-sleeved uniform dress that opens down the center with eight white plastic buttons. The dress has a pointed fall collar of self fabric as well as a white, detachable collar buttoned on the inside of the neckline. There are three pockets on the front: two at the hips and one at the right breast. the breast pocket has a square, white patch with a red embroidered cross. The right sleeve has a round white patch with a red cross in the center and the words, "AMERICAN RED CROSS VOLUNTEER" around the edge.
Acquisition
2018.9
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Dress
Female
Material
Cotton
Color
Gray
Made/Created
20th Century
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
American Red Cross
Dress
Name/Title
Dress
Entry/Object ID
2018.9.5
Description
Long-sleeved grey cotton uniform dress with white detachable collar, cuffs, and epaulets. The dress opens down the center front and secures with eleven white, plastic buttons. There are three front pockets: two on the hips and one on the right breast. The breast pocket has a square white patch with an embroidered red cross. The top of the pocket has a rectangular name tag pinned to it reading "Mrs. Schoppe". Above the nametag is a bar pin showing blue sides with a white center and a red cross. The upper right sleeve has a round white patch with a red cross in the center and the words, "AMERICAN RED CROSS VOLUNTEER" around the edge. Beneath the patch are three additional embroidered red patches: two chevrons and a bar. There is a self-fabric belt around the waist that secures at the front with two white plastic buttons.
Context
Worn by Cora Parkhurst Schoppe of Burlington, Vermont, in both military hospitals and Mary Fletcher Hospital. The insignia on the right arm indicates nine years of service.
Acquisition
2018.9
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Dress
Female
Material
Cotton
Made/Created
20th Century
Lexicon
Relationships
Schoppe, Cora Parkhurst (1891-1977), American Red Cross
Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Dress
Name/Title
Dress
Entry/Object ID
2011.40.1b
Description
Grey-and-white short-sleeved seersucker uniform dress. The dress has a Peter-Pan style collar, and secures up the center front. The front placket is sewn in place at the waistband, and there is a pocket slit on the right bodice. The pocket has a rectangular lining with a sewn-in tag showing washing instructions. The skirt is flared with a kick pleat at the center front and a wide hem. There are shoulder pads attached to the interior of the bodice with snaps. The back neck facing has a nametag that reads, "Marion I. Turner", and a tag with the inscription, "Made and sold under authority of U.S. Navy W.A.V.E.S." On the collar beside the neck seam are the stenciled initials, "M I T".
Context
Worn by Marion Turner Keeler of Middlebury, Vermont, during World War II
Acquisition
2011.40
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Dress
Female
27" waist
Fabric
Seersucker
Material
Cotton
Made/Created
1944-1946
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Keeler, Marion Turner (1924-2012), US Navy
Place
Town
Middlebury
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Dress
Name/Title
Dress
Entry/Object ID
2016.1.4
Description
Blue-grey cotton uniform dress. The dress is short-sleeved and buttons up the center front with silver-toned metal buttons concealed behind a placket. There is a small pocket on the left breast, and a large pocket at the right hip. The right sleeve has a white patch with the red inscription, "CADE NURSE", around a a red oval with a white cross on it and the black initials US. The back neckline has a tag that reads, "SANFORIZED-SHRUNK UNIFORMS Marvin Neitzel CORP TROY, N.Y." There are buttonholes at the back of the neck, the bottom of the sleeves (two each), and on the waist band (front and back).
Context
Worn by Amelia Brown Maver of Boltonville, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
2016.1
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Dress
Female
14 (32/26/35)
Material
Cotton
Made/Created
Marvin Neitzel Corporation
1943-1949
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Maver, Amelia Brown (1924-2014), Mary Hitchcock Hospital
,
Event
World War II
Drill
Name/Title
Drill
Entry/Object ID
1966.92.29
Description
Chipped stone drill.
Acquisition
1966.92
Lexicon
Materials
Stone
Drum
Name/Title
Drum
Entry/Object ID
1980.18.1
Description
Side drum with maple shell. The shell is nailed at the seam with copper nails. The drum has an inner hoop of ash (about 15 mm wide). There is a vent hole in the side edged with horn. The drum has counterhoops made of dark-stained maple, each with eight holes for stringing rope. Each rim has eight iron hooks placed over the holes. Rope (not original) is strung in a zigzag pattern between the hooks. There are eight leather braces (four original). The original braces have two lobes with serrated edges and a flower design stamped onto each lobe. There are six gut snares, each with a leather tab at one end and a brass tensioner at the other end. The heads are vellum over wood fleshhoops. The drum has a printed label that reads, "Massachusetts Drum Manufactory John C. Haynes & Co., 33 Court Street, Boston wholesale and retail dealers in Sheet Music Musical Instruments and Musical Merchandise of every description Particular Attention Paid to Repairing Musical Instruments". Below the label is the handwritten inscription, "J. C. Haynes Co." in pencil.
Context
Used by members of the Lawson family
Acquisition
1980.18
Made/Created
John C. Haynes & Co.
1865-1890
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Place
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Drum
Name/Title
Drum
Entry/Object ID
1924.4.1
Description
Side drum with a brass shell and vellum head. The shell has raised concentric rings and rolled edges. The counter hoops are wood, though one is missing. The vellum heads are stretched over wood flesh hoops, though one is missing.
Context
Left by Col. Fredrich Baum's forces on the Bennington Battlefield, Aug. 16, 1777.
Acquisition
1924.4
Made/Created
circa 1775
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
American Revolutionary War, Battle of Bennington
Drum
Name/Title
Drum
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.9a-c
Description
Side drum with a shell of rosewood with a glued seam. The inner hoop is made of maple (33mm wide). The vent hole bushing is missing. The counterhoops are made of rosewood. There are twelve iron hooks on each rim, and the original rope is present. There seven remaining leather ears, each with a hole in the center and two lobes stamped with five-pointed stars. There are 8 gut snares with a leather tab at one end and a nickel silver tensioner with an iron quatrefoil-shaped tumb screw at the other end. It has vellum heads (both torn) over wood fleshhoops.
Context
Likely used in ceremonies at the GAR George Stannard Post.
Acquisition
1930.3
Made/Created
John C. Haynes & Co.
1891-1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Rosewood, Iron
Relationships
Person or Organization
Grand Army of the Republic
Drum
Name/Title
Drum
Entry/Object ID
1951.2
Description
Round side drum. The shell is made from ash wood, stained medium brown, with a decorative tack pattern at the seam. One side is painted with a polychrome eagle and federal shiel on a blue ground. The wood counterhoops are painted red, each with ten holes for ropes. There are leather braces (8 extant) with serrated edges. It has vellum heads over wood flshhoops. There is a handwritten label that reads, "Drums made sold repaired by Henry Fraley Germantown".
Context
Used by Merrill Pillsbury of Johnson, Vermont, during the War of 1812.
Acquisition
1951.2
Made/Created
Artist
Fraley, Henry (1744-1821)
circa 1812
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Paint, Metal, Leather, Vellum
Relationships
Person or Organization
Pillsbury, Merrill (1795-1865)
,
Event
War of 1812
Web Links and URLs
Drum
Name/Title
Drum
Entry/Object ID
1955.27a-c
Description
Side drum with a shell of rosewood cross-laminated over maple with a glue seam. The inner hoop is wood. The vent hole is bushed with horn. The counterhoops are made of black-painted wood decorated with a gold geometric design. There are eleven iron hooks on each counterhoop. One hook on the upper hoop has an eyelet. The hooks are strung with the original rope. There are leather braces (eight remaining), with two lobes. Each has a six-pointed star stamped onto it. There are eight gut snares with leather tabs at one end and a brass tensioner with a decorative knob at the other. The drum has vellum heads. The shell is penciled with the markes, "17" and "18".
Context
Said to have been played by William Cutler from 1828 to 1840 in Old Fleetwood Company, 2nd company of 2nd Brigade, State of Vermont.
Acquisition
1955.27
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Rosewood, Maple, Vellum, Brass, Leather
Relationships
Person or Organization
Cutler, William (1809-1888)
Drumsticks
Name/Title
Drumsticks
Entry/Object ID
1954.6.1a-b
Description
Black-painted drumsticks.
Context
Used by Seymour O. Cook of the 7th Vermont Volunteers.
Acquisition
1954.6
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Cook, Seymour O. (1811-1887), 3rd Vermont Infantry, 7th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Duffle Bag
Name/Title
Duffle Bag
Entry/Object ID
1953.50g
Description
Large white cotton canvas duffle bag stenciled with the number "536 B" around crossed cannons and the number 96 below. The bag is also labeled, "Harold T. Hawes, Batt. B-96, A. E. F."
Context
Used by Harold T. Hawes during World War One
Acquisition
1953.50
Made/Created
1917
Dimensions
Materials
Wool, Cotton
Relationships
Person or Organization
Hawes, Harold T. (1889-1945)
Event
World War I
Epaulet
Name/Title
Epaulet
Entry/Object ID
1921.10.3a-b
Description
Gold epaulets. The epaulets have thick, gold fringe made of coiled wire. The top is decorated with applied silver embroidery in the shape of an anchor and 5-pointed stars. The reverse is lined with velvet.
Context
Worn by Admiral Charles E. Clark of Bradford, Vermont, during the Spanish-American War.
Acquisition
1921.10
Made/Created
circa 1890
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall (each)
Materials
Gold, Silk, Silver, Paper, Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Clark, Charles E. (1843-1922)
Place
Town
Bradford
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Epaulet
Name/Title
Epaulet
Entry/Object ID
1962.59.7a-b
Description
Pair of gold epaulets with gold coiled fringe. The reverse is lined with cream-colored silk over a paper stiffener.
Context
Worn by Lieutenant Colonel Levi W. Page of West Townsend, Vermont.
Acquisition
1962.59
Made/Created
circa 1845
Lexicon
Materials
Gold, Silk, Paper
Relationships
Person or Organization
Page, Levi Wilson (1813-1900)
Place
Town
Townshend
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Epaulet Case
Name/Title
Epaulet Case
Entry/Object ID
1971.56.3
Description
Oval tin epaulet case. The case is painted black and has the label, "D. K. Gilson / St. Albans Vt" scratched into the top. There is a handle at the center top made from a wire bent into an oval shape. The lid hinges open and secures with a metal tab at the center front. The interior is unlined. There is a small oval lidded compartment attached to the center interior, and two cylindrical inserts on the interior sides, even with the compartment.
Context
Owned by Darwin K. Gilson in St. Albans, Vermont, as a member of the Ransom Guard.
Acquisition
1971.56
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Ransom Guard, Gilson, Darwin K. (1939-1904)
Place
City
St. Albans City
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Epaulets
Name/Title
Epaulets
Entry/Object ID
2020.24.13a-l
Description
a--f: Six canvass, red epaulets with button holes on the pointed ends and six snaps at the square end.
g-h: Two dark red, wool epaulets with button holes at the pointed ends and unfinished edges at the other end.
i-j: Two red epaulets with beige lining on the reverse. These have button holes at the pointed ends and three snap at the opposite edge.
k-l: Two pieces of red elastic, fraying at each end.
Epaulets are also called shoulder boards.
Context
Owned by William Vroman Mason of Waterbury, Vermont. Mason was Vermont Wing Commander of the Civil Air Patrol from November 1942 to November 1947.
Acquisition
2020.24
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Mason, William Vroman (1906-1989)
Epaulets
Name/Title
Epaulets
Entry/Object ID
1963.69.1e
Description
Gold epaulets. The epaulets have thick, gold fringe made of coiled wire. The top is decorated with applied silver embroidery in the shape of 4 5-pointed stars. The reverse is lined with velvet.
Context
Worn by Admiral George Dewey of Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1963.69
Made/Created
Ackerman
1898
Lexicon
Materials
Gold, Silk, Silver
Relationships
Person or Organization
Dewey, George (1837-1917)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Web Links and URLs
Epaulets
Name/Title
Epaulets
Entry/Object ID
1944.1a-c
Description
Pair of gold epaulets with gold fringe. The top of each epaulet is decorated with four silver bars. The epaulets are accompanied by their original tin carrying case.
Context
Used by Brigadier General Herbert T. Johnson, Adjutant General of the Vermont National Guard
Acquisition
1944.1
Lexicon
Dimensions
Case
Materials
Leather, Tin, Gold
Relationships
Johnson, Herbert Thomas (1872-1942), Vermont National Guard
Epaulets
Name/Title
Epaulets
Entry/Object ID
1962.18.4
Description
Pair of gold epaulets with gold coiled fringe. The reverse is lined with cream-colored silk over a paper stiffener.
Context
Worn by Philander Marrs as a member of the Vermont State Militia.
Acquisition
1962.18
Lexicon
Materials
Gold, Silk, Paper, Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Marrs, Philander (1804-1885)
Field Glasses
Name/Title
Field Glasses
Entry/Object ID
1960.69.1a-b
Description
Binoculars and carrying case. The binoculars consist of two looking glasses attached at the center along a hinge point. The grips are covered in black leather. The carrying case is made of brown leather and consists of a base shaped to fit the binoculars, an oval lid that hinges off with a leather strap hinge, and a long leather shoulder strap. The lid is marked with the label, "J.W.CLARK, Q.M./SIXTH VT. REG."
Context
Owned by John Wesley Clark of the 6th Vermont at the beginning of the Civil War. At some point during the war, he gave them to Elisha Barney, also of the 6th Vermont, who used them until his death after the Battle of the Wilderness in 1864.
Acquisition
1960.69
Lexicon
Dimensions
Case
Materials
Glass
Relationships
Clark, John Wesley (1830-1898), Barney, Elisha L (1832-1864), 6th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Swanton
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Fife
Name/Title
Fife
Entry/Object ID
1933.5.2
Description
One-piece fife constructed of fruitwood with brass ferrules. The ferrule on the foot end is missing. The fife has seven circular holes: one for the emboucher, and six key holes.
Context
Used by Aloin McKnight when the Marquise de LaFayette visited Montpelier in 1825.
Acquisition
1933.5
Made/Created
1800-1825
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Brass
Relationships
McKnight, Aloin, LaFayette, Marquis de (1757-1834)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Fife
Name/Title
Fife
Entry/Object ID
1954.6.3
Description
One-piece body of rosewood. Ferrules of brass with two engraved lines at each end and one line at center. One emboucher hole and six finger holes. Key of C.
Context
Used by Seymore O. Cook, head musician of the 3rd and later 7th Vermont band.
Acquisition
1954.6
Made/Created
Artist
Joerdans, John F. M. (1859-1874)
1859-1874
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Cook, Seymour O. (1811-1887), 3rd Vermont Infantry, 7th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Fife
Name/Title
Fife
Entry/Object ID
1960.75.3a-b
Description
One-piece body of rosewood. Ferrules of nickel silver with two engraved lines at each end and one line at center. Slide-on mouthpiece of pewter. One emboucher hole and six fingerfoles. Plugged seventh fingerhole above top open fingerhole. Mouthpiece of cast pewter (missing set screw).
Use
The mouthpiece would have allowed a novice musician to sound the instrument without learning the proper fife/flute emboucher.
Acquisition
1960.75
Made/Created
1860-1890
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Pewter, Rosewood, Nickel
Relationships
Event
Civil War
Fife
Name/Title
Fife
Entry/Object ID
1960.122
Description
One-piece boxwood fife with concave brass ferrules on either end. The fife has 7 holes drilled along one side: a mouthpiece hole and 6 finger holes. Below the mouthpiece, the makers' label, "MARSH & CHASE CALAIS VT.", is burned into the fife, surrounding a burned emblem of an eagle. The key, C, is marked beneath the label.
Context
Made by Marsh & Chase in Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.122
Made/Created
Marsh & Chase
1819-1842
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Boxwood, Brass
Fife
Name/Title
Fife
Entry/Object ID
1960.120
Description
One-piece boxwood fife with concave brass ferrules on either end. The fife has 7 holes drilled along one side: a mouthpiece hole and 6 finger holes. Below the mouthpiece, the makers' label, "MARSH & CHASE CALAIS VT.", is burned into the fife, surround a burned emblem of an eagle. The key, B, is marked beneath the label.
Context
Made by Marsh & Chase in Calais, Vermont.
Acquisition
1960.120
Made/Created
Marsh & Chase
1819-1842
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Boxwood, Brass
Fife
Name/Title
Fife
Entry/Object ID
1965.42.5
Description
Rosewood fife with nickel ferrules at either end. The fife has round holes for the mouthpiece and six keys. There is evidence around the mouthpiece of the attachment of a whistle-like attachment to aid in playing.
Context
Used by John Averill of Barre, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1965.42
Made/Created
1860-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Rosewood, Nickel
Relationships
Person or Organization
Averill, John Wilson (1841-1919)
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Fife
Interpretative Labels
Fife and Case, circa 1860 Wood and Brass Estate of Elizabeth Nelson True Blake Walter from Burke was a musician. Like many twenty-year-olds he eagerly did his duty when called to service. He enlisted with Company E, Vermont 15th Regiment with some of his friends. He was a fifer. He mustered in at Brattleboro on October 22, 1862 and the regiment was soon shipped off to Washington as part of the Second Vermont Brigade. Camp life was unhealthy and many Vermonters came down with malaria. Walter died in camp on January 2, 1863 from disease. His family always claimed that he died from homesickness.
Name/Title
Fife
Entry/Object ID
1982.37.25a-b
Description
Fife and case. The instrument has six key holes and a one-piece body of dark boxwood or fruitwood. It has brass ferrules with two engraved lines along the inside end and single lines at the opposite end and the center. There is wear around the embouchure from a clip-on mouthpiece. One end is inscribed with the label, "1860 T. B. Walter Burke Vt/Company C", and the other is inscribed with "T. B. Walter/TRW. T.W." The rectangular wooden case is lined in quilted silk and labeled on the inner lid, "B.E.W." It is decorated all around with brass rivets.
Context
Owned by True Blake Walter during the Civil War. Walter served as a musician in Company E, 15th Regiment Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.37
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Boxwood, Brass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Walker, True Blake (1841-1863)
Place
Town
Burke
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Figurine
Name/Title
Figurine
Entry/Object ID
1992.11.2
Description
Hollow ceramic figurine of a soldier wearing 18th-century style clothing, including a tricorn hat, green coat with red cuffs and collar, black boots, a white cravat, and tan waistcoat and breeches. He is shown standing at ease with one hand holding a musket with the butt on the ground. The figurine is labeled, "Colonel Seth Warner's Special/Regiment of Green Mtn. Boys,/Formed in June, 1775/No. 1 of 250/ Limited Edition/1771-1991."
Context
Made by Jean M. Rice of Bristol, Vermont, to celebrate the Vermont Bicentennial.
Acquisition
1992.11
Made/Created
Artist
Rice, Jean M.
Otter Creek Gun Works
1991
Lexicon
Materials
Leather
Relationships
Person or Organization
Warner, Seth (1743-1784)
Event
Vermont Bicentennial
First Aid Kit
Name/Title
First Aid Kit
Entry/Object ID
2006.61.28a-y
Description
Box containing items making up a Fallout Shelter Medical Kit from the Office of Civil Defense. The box is made of brown corrugated cardboard with a mailing label reading, "FROM: Department of the Army/ Schenectady Army Depot/ Schenectady, N.Y./ TO: Arthur Newhouse/ C D Dir Town Chairman/ (his address)/ M/F: Homer Fitts Store/ 159 N Main/ Barre, VT./ - - - " Handwritten in black ink: "Opened by./ D-- / June 17, 1971/ Removed Phenobarbitol".

The sides are printed in black letters with, "SURVIVAL SUPPLIES/ FURNISHED BY/ OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE/ DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE/ MEDICAL KIT A/ 50-60 SHELTER OCCUPANTS/ THIS UNIT CONTAINS NO NARCOTICS" Printed on third side: "DOD - OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE/ FALLOUT SHELTER MEDICAL KIT" and listing the medications, dressings, etc. in the box. Also other directives.

The box contains:
b: 12 unopened boxes of gauze
c: 500 aspirin tablets
d: 100 tongue depressors
e: Bottle of diarrhea medication
f: Bottle sodium chloride (table salt)
g: Isopropyl alcohol
h: Vaseline
i: Syringe fountain (rubber bag, tubing, etc.)
j: 500 sulfadiazine tablets
k: 200 surgical gauze pads.
l: Thermometer
m: Metal tweezers
n: 100 cotton swabs
o: 3 bottles of eye and nose drops
p: 200 water purification tablets
q: Blunt-edged metal pocket scissors
r: 12 1.5-in safety pins
s: 100 Cascara Sagrada laxative tablets
t: 6 bars of surgical soap
u: Large bandage
v: Bottle of Eugenol (toothache remedy)
w: 100 penicillin G tablets
x: Baking soda
y: Sterilized non-compressed purified cotton
Context
Sent to Barre, Vermont to be used in case of evacuation to a fallout shelter, 1971.
Acquisition
2006.61
Made/Created
1971-1962
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Mercury, Aluminum, Metal, Soap, Paper, Plastic, Cardboard, Cotton, Wood
Relationships
Person or Organization
The Homer Fitts Company
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
First Aid Kit
Name/Title
First Aid Kit
Entry/Object ID
1960.172.1a-e
Description
First aid kit consisting of a canvas cover, metal tin, gauze, and safety pins. The cover has a strap at the back to attach to a belt, and secures closed with a front flap that secures with two snaps. The tin is stamped with the label, "FIRST AID PACKET-U.S. ARMY / CONTRACT NOV. 2 1916 / BAUER & BLACK / CHICAGO, U.S.A. / TO OPEN-PULL RING / PATENT APPLIED FOR". The tin is crushed. Inside is a roll of gauze and two safety pins.
Context
Owned by Harold Hawes of Barre, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
1960.172
Made/Created
Bauer & Black
1916
Lexicon
Materials
Tin, Cotton
Relationships
Person or Organization
Hawes, Harold T. (1889-1945)
,
Event
World War I
Fixed-pitch Propeller
Interpretative Labels
Propeller Blade, ca. 1947 USA Gift of Norma Katz and Barbara Estey, 2017.21 On June 14, 1947, a B-29A Superfortress bomber took off from Davis-Monthan Air Force Base in Tucson, Arizona for a navigational training mission to the east coast. Bad weather forced the crew to divert from their originally planned destination of Andrews Field in Washington, DC to Hanscom Air Force Base in Bedford, Massachusetts. The weather grew worse, and in the darkness, the crew overshot Hanscom and ended up in Vermont. Shortly before midnight, the crew attempted to contact Boston but reached Manchester, New Hampshire instead, and told the operator who responded that they did not need assistance. At 12:14 am, residents fo the village of Perkinsville in Weathersfield heard a loud aircraft flying low overhead, and then heard an explosion as the aircraft impacted with the south face of Hawks Mountain. Residents responded immediately, but there were no survivors, and most the of the plane was destroyed in the crash. It remains the deadliest crash in Vermont aviation history, with twelve fatalities. The Army salvaged all weapons, and local residents took some of the debris. This propeller was carried down the mountain and kept in a local barn for nearly sixty years before the owner donated it to the Vermont Historical Society.
Name/Title
Fixed-pitch Propeller
Entry/Object ID
2017.21
Description
Black propeller blade with silver-toned attachment. The blade is broken off at the tip, and the surface is severely scratched and worn. The attachment piece is formed into a circle.
Context
From U.S. Army Air Force B-29 Superfortress bomber that crashed on Hawks Mountain in Perkinsville, VT on June 14, 1947. The crash remains Vermont's worst air disaster with twelve fatalities.
Acquisition
2017.21
Made/Created
1947
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
,
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
1938.7
Description
Blue silk flag painted with a ring of 25 5-pointed stars around a central white medallion. The medallion is printed with a design of a bald eagle with an American shield on its chest, holding a ribbon that reads, "E PLURIBUS UNUM". Beneath the eagle are the words, "VERMONT. REGT. NO. 13".
Context
The flag of the 13th Vermont Regiment, carried by Washington Fiske during the Mexican-American War.
Acquisition
1938.7
Made/Created
B. W. Thayer
1845
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Fiske, Washington (1804-1897), 13th Vermont Infantry
Event
Mexican-American War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.18
Description
3rd Vermont Infantry regimental flag. Attached to staff with string. There are 11 gold painted stars remaining, arranged in a large circle, 4.5 inches on center. Two-thirds of flag is missing.
Made/Created
1862
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
3rd Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.47
Description
National "presentation flag" of the 10th Vermont Infantry Regiment. Silk with stars and battle honors embroidered in satin.
Made/Created
Tiffany & Co.
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
10th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.60
Description
15th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Red and white stripes. Blue canton. Stars. Inscription: Plains Store, May 21st 1863. Port Hudson, May 24 & 27th, June 14th & July 7th 1863. Painted.
Made/Created
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
15th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.56
Description
13th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Red and White stripes. Blue canton. Gold stars.
Made/Created
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
13th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.21
Description
3rd Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag (presentation). Attached to staff by ties. There are 34 gold painted stars that are arranged in a giant star surrounding the Vermont coat of arms.
Made/Created
1861
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
3rd Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.52
Description
1st Vermont Heavy Artillery national flag. Attached to staff by a sleeve. Fringe present. Canton style is rectangular, and is 24 by 38 inches. There are 35 gold painted stares arranged in a double ellipse.
Made/Created
Horstmann Brothers
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
11th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.14
Description
Regimental flag of the 2nd Vermont Light Artillery Battery. Silk flag, swallowtail form, with red upper half and and white lower half, crossed cannons behind Vermont state coat of arms painted at center. The word, "VERMONT", is painted in gold at the top, and the words, "2nd BATTERY." are painted in red at the bottom.
Made/Created
Eaton, Charles
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
2nd Vermont Battery Light Artillery
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
1949.20
Description
Nazi flag. The flag has a red ground with a central black swastika on a white medallion. In the upper left corner is an angular eagle holding a medallion with a swastika in its talons.
Context
Collected by Major Paul V. Fahey of Montpelier, Vermont, during his service in Limbach, Germany during World War II. In 1945, Fahey sent the flag to Governor Mortimer Proctor to serve as a reminder of "all the Vermont men who fought to get this far, but died or were killed on the way." Upon receipt, the flag was displayed for a week in the window of J. O. Goodrich's furniture store in Montpelier, Vermont, along with a copy of Fahey's explanatory letter.
Acquisition
1949.20
Made/Created
circa 1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Fabric, Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Fahey, Paul Vincent (1915-2006
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.24
Description
4th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Attached to staff with by sleeve. Fringe present. Canton style is rectangular, and is 24 in by 38 in. The stars are gold painted and arranged in a double ellipse. The stripes are extremely faded and measure 5.5 inches wide.
Made/Created
Horstmann Brothers
1864
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
4th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.37
Description
7th (or 17th) Vermont infantry regiment national flag. Silk with red and white stripes, with blue canton and white stars.
Made/Created
Horstmann Brothers
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
7th Vermont Infantry, 17th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.5
Description
1st Vermont cavalry national flag. It has a field of 7 horizontal red stripes and 6 horizontal white strips. There is a blue canton in the upper left corner with 34 white 5-pointed stars and the words, "1st REG. VERMONT CAVALRY."
Made/Created
Eaton, Charles
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
1st Vermont Cavalry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.11
Description
2nd Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Attached to staff by sleeve. Fringe is present. Canton style is rectangular, and is 24 in by 38 in. There are 34 gold painted stars arranged in a double ellipse. Stripes are 5.5 inches in width, and the white is in poor condition. The bottom two stripes are missing.
Made/Created
Horstmann Brothers
1861
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
2nd Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.28
Description
5th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Attached to staff by sleeve. The canton is rectangular, and is 25 x 37 inches. There are 34 gold painted stars arranged in a double ellipse. The stripes are faded, and only ten remain. The stripes are 5.5 inches wide. The flag also has fringe.
Made/Created
Horstmann Brothers
1864
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
5th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.19
Description
3rd Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Attached to staff by sleeve. Canton style is rectangular, and is 24.5 in. There are 34 gold painted stairs arranged in a double ellipse. The stripes are extremely faded. Silk fringe is present, and there is a major patch on lower right of field. Apparent bloodstains on flag as well.
Made/Created
Horstmann Brothers
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
3rd Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
2008.1.30a-b
Description
a = Folded American flag that says on the edge that would attach to a pole as follows: "U S Ensign No. 7 Funeral Mare Island Feb 1944."
b = white canvas bag for the flag which has the name "Rossi" written in small script in ink on the back side of the bag.
Context
Mare Island Naval Station in San Francisco Bay was a base for the Pacific Fleet during World War II and a location where Naval flags were produced. Some information about this kind of flag can be found in the accession file.

This could be the flag given to the Rossi family after the death of Claude Raymond Rossi (1921-1945). He had enlisted in the U.S. Navy in 1942 after graduating from high school in 1940, and trained to become a pilot. He was commissioned as an Ensign and a pilot in December 1944. He flew off an aircraft carrier patrolling the coast of California. At the end of WWII, he became a test pilot and died in a plane crash in Alameda, California on Sept. 24, 1945.
Made/Created
U.S. Navy, Mare Island, California
1940s
Dimensions
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Rossi, Lawrence K.
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.33
Description
6th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Attached to staff by a sleeve. There are 34 white stars arranged 7-7-6-7-7. Regimental Designation says "6th Regt Vermont Vols" on the 8th stripe.
Made/Created
Paton & Company
1861
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
6th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.53
Description
12th Vermont Infantry regimental flag. Blue background. Eagle surround by gold stars.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
12th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.48
Description
11th Vermont Infantry regimental flag. Attached to staff by ties. There are 34 gold painted stars arranged in a large circle. "11th Regt. Vermont Vols."
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
11th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.38
Description
Regimental flag of the 8th Vermont Infantry Regiment. Blue silk with Vermont state seal painted in the center of the obverse and an eagle and shield painted on reverse.
Made/Created
1864
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
8th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.57
Description
Regimental flag of the 14th Vermont Infantry, sometimes called "the "Gettysburgh flag." Blue silk with Vermont state seal painted in the center of the obverse and an eagle and shield painted on reverse. "Gettysburgh July 2nd and 3rd 1863" appears in gold paint above the seal on the obverse side of the flag.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1862
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
14th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.61
Description
15th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Red and white stripes. Blue canton. Stars. Inscription: Plains Store, May 21st 1863. Port Hudson, May 24 & 27th, June 14th & July 7th 1863. Painted.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
16th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.29
Description
5th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Flag attached to staff by a sleeve. Canton has rectangular shape. 34 gold painted stars are arranged in a double ellipse. Flag has knotted fringe. Flag is plain weave, with warped face.
Made/Created
Horstmann Brothers
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
5th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.15
Description
2nd Vermont Light Artillery Battery national flag. Red and white stripes, with blue canton, gold stars, and fringe, middle row indented. Inscription: Plains Store, May 21st 1863. Port Hudson, May 24 & 27th, June 14th & July 7th 1863. Painted.
Made/Created
Eaton, Charles
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
2nd Vermont Battery Light Artillery
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.58
Description
14th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Red and white stripes. Blue canton. Gold stars.
Made/Created
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
14th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.20
Description
3rd Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Flag attached to staff by a sleeve. The canton style is square, and is 39.5 in by 38 in. There are 34 gold painted stairs, and their arrangement is 7-7-6-7-7. The stripes are a strong red color and are 5 1/2 in wide. Some fringe present.
Made/Created
New York Depot
1861-1865
Lexicon
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
3rd Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.25
Description
4th Regiment Infantry Regiment national flag. Silk on silk, plain weave. Fiber quality is poor and color loss severe.
Made/Created
Artist
Savory, Thomas
1861
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
4th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.54
Description
12th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Red and white stripes. Blue Canton. Standard stars and stripes.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
12th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.62
Description
16th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag with red and white stripes. Stars gold in color.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1863-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
16th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.34
Description
6th Vermont Infantry regiment national flag. Attached to staff by a sleeve. Fringe present. Canton style is rectangular, and is 24 by 38 inches. There are 34 gold painted stars arranged in a double ellipse. The stripes are faded and measure 5.5 inches in width.
Made/Created
Horstmann Brothers
1864
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
6th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.45
Description
10th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag, made of silk with gold painted stars.
Made/Created
Horstmann Brothers
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
10th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.49
Description
11th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Attached to staff by sleeve. Canton style is rectangular, and is 24.5 in by 38 in. There are 34 gold painted stairs arranged in a double ellipse. The stripes are extremely faded, and measure 5.5 in width. Fringe is present. Some lettering in field.
Made/Created
Horstmann Brothers
1862
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
11th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.39
Description
National flag of the 8th Vermont made of silk with gold painted stars.
Made/Created
Artist
Savory, Thomas
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
8th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.43
Description
National flag issued to the 9th Vermont Infantry Regiment. Stars arranged in double ellipse on blue canton.
Made/Created
Evans & Hassall
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
9th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.1
Description
1st Vermont Infantry Regimental Flag. The flag has a white ground with a hand-painted Vermont state seal at the center. The base of the seal is decorated with 4 United States federal flags and a pink banner that reads "FREEMON / VERMONT / & UNITY".
Made/Created
Artist
Somerby, Frederick
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk, Paint
Relationships
Person or Organization
1st Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.30
Description
5th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag (presentation). Attached to staff by ties. There are 34 gold painted stars arranged in a circle around a gold eagle, all within the canton. The gold eagle is holding arrows in one talon and an olive branch in the other. Its beak holds a red scroll bearing the motto, "E Pluribus Unum." The national shield is displayed on the eagle's breast. On the seventh stripe "5th regiment Vermont" is displayed.
Made/Created
Artist
Savory, Thomas
1861
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
5th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.59
Description
15th Vermont regimental flag. Blue background. Obverse has Vermont state seal with letters "15th Regt. Vermont Vols." Reverse has national eagle seal with letters "E Pluribus Unum."
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
15th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
1962.7
Description
Triangular flag. The flag shows a white cross on a blue field with a red stripe along the short edge. There is a white canvas edge encases a rope that is stenciled with the brigade information.
Context
The flag of the Second brigade, Second division, Sixth army corps (Vermont Brigade), used during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1962.7
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Civil War, Battle of Gettysburg
Web Links and URLs
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.12
Description
2nd Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Attached to staff by sleeve. Canton style is rectangular, and is 24.5 in by 37 in. There are 34 gold painted stars arranged in a double ellipse. The stripes are very faded and measure 5.25 in. in width. Fringe is present.
Made/Created
Horstmann Brothers
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
2nd Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.63
Description
Regimental flag of the 17th Vermont Infantry Regiment. Blue silk with Vermont state seal painted in the center of the obverse and an eagle and shield painted on reverse.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
17th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.55
Description
13th Vermont Infantry regimental flag, "Gettysburg." Blue background, crest in the middle
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
13th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.4
Description
1st Vermont Cavalry regimental flag with a staff sleeve. It has a blue ground. At the center is a hand-painted seal, the left half of which shows the Vermont state seal and the right half of which shows the United States flag. A banner above the seal reads, "1st REGT. VERMONT VOLR. CAVR." A banner below the seal reads, "FREEDOM AND UNITY". The top and bottom edges are trimmed with gold fringe. The words, "Tiffany & Co" are embroiderd in the left corner.
Context
This flag was issued in order to replace a similar flag that was lost in Shenandoah Valley when the baggage train was burnt. In late July, the new standard, "of the same material and design as the original" reached the camp of the 1st Vermont Cavalry.
Made/Created
Tiffany & Co.
1862
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk, Paint
Relationships
Person or Organization
1st Vermont Cavalry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.9
Description
2nd Vermont Infantry regimental flag. Attached to staff by sleeve. Fringe present. A large eagle, with wings out swept, bearing the national shield on its breast lies in the flag's center. Above the eagle's head are thirty-four stars arranged in two arcs and below is a red scroll designed to bear the regiment's name but left blank.
Made/Created
Attribution
Attributed to
Evans & Hassall
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
1st Vermont Battery Light Artillery
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.40
Description
National flag of the 8th Vermont Infantry Regiment, made of silk with gold painted stars.
Made/Created
New York Depot
1865
Lexicon
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
8th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.23
Description
3rd Vermont Sharpshooters national flag with red and white stripes. Stars in elliptical pattern.
Made/Created
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
3rd Vermont Sharpshooters
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.26
Description
4th Vermont Infantry regimental flag (national issue). Attached to staff by sleeve. Fringe present. There are 35 gold painted stars arranged in two curved rows above the eagle.
Made/Created
Evans & Hassall
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
4th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.35
Description
7th Vermont Infantry regimental flag. Blue background. Gold fringe. Large void at center (state coat of arms missing).
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
7th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.50
Description
1st Vermont Artillery Regimental flag. Attached to staff by ties. Fringe present. "First Reg. Vermont Artillery". Seal features crossed cannons illustrating artillery unit.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
11th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.64
Description
Regimental flag of the 17th Vermont Infantry Regiment. Blue silk with Vermont state seal painted in the center of the obverse and an eagle and shield painted on reverse. The names of battles in which the 17th participated are painted diagonally in gold across the obverse side of the flag. 1st issue.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
17th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.44
Description
10th Vermont Infantry regimental flag. Attached to staff by ties. There are 34 gold painted stars arranged in a large circle, 4.5 inches on center. Center seal is missing.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1862
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
10th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.41
Description
9th Vermont Infantry regimental flag. Fragment, most of flag is gone. Attached to staff by ties, which attached by grommets. 11 gold painted stars remain, which were once arranged in a large circle, 4.5 inches on center. Flag is a rich blue color.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1862
Lexicon
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
9th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
1986.18.77
Description
Triangular flag. The majority of the flag is blue, and there is a red strip along the wide end and a white quatrefoil, or petalled cross, in the center. The quatrefoil was the badge of the XVIII Corps, the use of white on blue indicated the second division, and the red striped indicated the second brigade. The very edge of the wide edge is bound with white fabric and has two metal grommets. The written inscription, "Hd__rs Flag 2d Bdg 18th A.C. Army of the Potomac Maj. C. J. Branch, Newport, Vt.", is along the white binding.
Context
Used by the Second Brigade of the Thirteenth Corps, of which the 9th Vermont was a part, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1986.18
Made/Created
1864
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Branch, Charles Francis, Sr. (1845-1910), Grand Army of the Republic, 9th Vermont Infantry
Place
City
Newport
County
Orleans County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.2
Description
1st Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. It consists of a horizontally red-and-white striped field with 7 red stripes and 6 white stripes. There is a blue canton in the upper left corner with a hand-painted gold eagle with a federal shield over its chest carrying arrows and an olive branch. There are 7 ties on the left edge in red and blue.
Made/Created
1861
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk, Paint
Relationships
Person or Organization
1st Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.31
Description
5th Regiment, Infantry (Veterans) Regimental Flag. Attached to staff by ties. Fringe present. 5th Veteran Vols.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
5th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.3
Description
1st Vermont Cavalry regimental flag. It has a blue ground with the Vermont state seal painted at the center. Beneath the seal is a banner that reads "FIRST REGIMENT VERMONT CAVALRY". Surrounded the seal are the names of battles the regiment participated in. It has gold fringe on 3 sides, and 5 ribbon ties on the other edge.

Upper left: Craig's Meeting House, Spottsylvania Ct House, Yellow Tavern, Meadow Bridge, Hanover C.H., Ashland.

Upper right: Reams Station, Winchester, Summit Point Kearns.

Center (in gold): Namozine Church, Mechanicsville, Five Forks, Piping Tree, Lacies Springs, Waynesboro, Appomattox Station, Clover Hill.

Lower left: Hanes Shop, White Oak Swamp, Malvern Hill, Nottaway Ct House, Roanoke Station, Stoney Creek.

Lower right: Front Royal, Tanes Brook, Cedar Creek, Middle Road.
Made/Created
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk, Paint
Relationships
Person or Organization
1st Vermont Cavalry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.17
Description
2nd,or 3rd or 5th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Attached to staff by a sleeve. Fringe present. Canton style is square, and is 35 in by 38 in. There are 34 gold painted stairs arranged 7-7-6-7-7. The stripes are faded, and are 5.5 inches in width. Staff was grazed by bullet.
Made/Created
New York Depot
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
2nd Vermont Infantry, 3rd Vermont Infantry, 5th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.13
Description
2nd Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Attached to staff by sleeve. Fringe present. Canton style is rectangular, and is 24 in by 37.5 in. There are 35 gold painted stars that are arranged in a double ellipse. The stripes are bright red and are 5.5 inches in width.
Made/Created
Horstmann Brothers
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
2nd Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.65
Description
17th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Red and white stripes. Blue canton.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
17th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.10
Description
Regimental flag of the 2nd Vermont Infantry Regiment. Blue silk with twisted, hand-attached gold cotton fringe and blue and white cords with tassels. Obverse has painted banner reading "2nd Regiment Vermont Volunteers" over variant of state coat of arms (half is stars & stripes). Painted banner below seal reads "Freedom and Unity." Originally tied to staff, flag was tacked to staff at the time of its removal from exhibit.
Made/Created
Tiffany & Co.
1861
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
1st Vermont Battery Light Artillery
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.36
Description
7th Vermont Infantry Regiment national flag. Red and white stripes with blue canton, gold stars, no fringe.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
7th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.6
Description
1st Vermont cavalry regiment national flag. It has a field of 7 horizontal red stripes and 6 horizontal white strips. There is a blue canton in the upper left corner with 20 remaining white 5-pointed stars and the words. The words "1st Regt. Vermont Cavalry" are written in white script on the 2 center-most red strips. The names of battles the regiment participated in are painted in black on the stripes. From the top the are: Mount Jackson; Middletow[n]; Orange, C.H.; Kelleys Ford; Bull Run; Ashbys Gap; Greenwich; Hanover; Gettysburgh; Monterey; Hagarstown; Boonsboro; Culpepper; Gainesville; Buckland; Kilpatricks Raid; Crags Church; Yellow Taver; Ashland; Salem Church; White Oak Swamp; Malvern Hill; Wilsons Raid; Winchester; Toms Brook; Cedar Creek.
Context
This flag was issued in order to replace a similar flag that was lost in Shenandoah Valley when the baggage train was burnt. In late July, the new standard, "of the same material and design as the original" reached the camp of the 1st Vermont Cavalry. The enlistments of many of the original 1st Vermont Cavalry members expired, and they headed back to Vermont, taking the colors with them. In Burlington the returning troopers were received with great fanfare and on November 18, 1864 were officially mustered out of service. The next day the returned officers gathered together to decide what battle names were to be inscribed on the regiment's colors.
Made/Created
Tiffany & Co.
1861
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
1st Vermont Cavalry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.51
Description
1st Vermont Heavy Artillery national flag. Attached to staff by sleeve. Fringe present. Canton style is square, and is 35 in by 37.5 in. There are 35 gold painted stars arranged in a 7-7-7-7-7 pattern. The stripes still have their color. Battle honors are inscribed in gold.
Made/Created
New York Depot
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
11th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.27
Description
5th Regiment Infantry regimental flag. Attached to staff by ties. Fringe present. There are 34 gold painted stars arranged in a large circle, 4.5 inches on center, and 46 inch diameter. "5th Regt. Vermont Vols."
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1864
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
5th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.42
Description
Regimental flag of the 9th Vermont Infantry Regiment. Blue silk with Vermont coat of arms painted on obverse and bald eagle with shield reading "9th Regiment Vermont Volunteers" on reverse. Has extant gold silk fringe, gold hand-knotted cords and 6 ties (for attaching flag to staff). Staff has "whale's tail" finial.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
9th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.46
Description
National flag of the 10th Vermont Infantry Regiment. Silk "stars and stripes," with stars painted in gold on blue field.
Made/Created
Horstmann Brothers
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
10th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.7
Description
Regimental flag of the 1st Vermont Light Artillery Battery. Silk flag, swallowtail form, with red upper half and and white lower half, crossed cannons behind Vermont state coat of arms painted at center. The word, "VERMONT", is painted in gold at the top, and the words, "1st BATTERY." are painted in red at the bottom.
Made/Created
Eaton, Charles
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
1st Vermont Battery Light Artillery
Event
Civil War
Flag
Name/Title
Flag
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.32
Description
6th Vermont Infantry regimental flag. Attached to staff by ties. There are 34 gold painted stars arranged in a large circle, 4.5 inches on center, 46 inch diameter. 6th Regt. Vermont Vols.
Made/Created
Artist
Eaton, Charles
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
6th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flag Fragment
Name/Title
Flag Fragment
Entry/Object ID
1986.18.67
Description
Framed fragment of a confederate flag, consisting of a section of blue and a section of red, both plain weave. Beneath the fragments is the penned note, "Confederate flag taken from over the capitol at Richmond, Va. Apr. 3d, 1865 at 8:30 A.M. by Maj. C. F. Branch, 9th Vt. Vol. In'fy."
Context
Taken from a confederate flag that flew over Confederate capitol in Richmond, Virginia, by Major Charles Branch of Orwell, Vermont
Acquisition
1986.18
Made/Created
1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool, Paper, Glass, Boxwood
Relationships
Person or Organization
Branch, Charles Francis, Sr. (1845-1910)
Place
City
Richmond
State/Province
Virginia
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Flagpole
Name/Title
Flagpole
Entry/Object ID
1952.32.4
Description
Wooden pole with an attached metal extension pointed like an arrow.
Context
From the collection of Civil War relics owned by Lieutenant Colonel Roswell Farnham of the 12th Vermont.
Acquisition
1952.32
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Farnham, Roswell (1827-1903), 12th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Flashlight
Name/Title
Flashlight
Entry/Object ID
1957.31.1
Description
Copper colored, hard plastic flashlight; has bulb but no batteries.
Context
Used by Earl Howieson during World War II.
Acquisition
1957.31
Made/Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Plastic
Relationships
Event
World War II
Flatware Kit
Name/Title
Flatware Kit
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.7c
Description
Stamp molded flatware kit, consisting of a spoon, two-tined fork, and knife. The handle of the knife is made of a flat piece of steel folded back to create a hollow space, into which the spoon and fork fit securely. When the pieces are put together, the fork is in the center, and the underside of the spoon faces outward. The spoon has a large bowl with a point tip. The spoon's handle is stamped with the mark, "L & G. PAT. A[illeg]" and crudely engraved with the word "Howes". The knife blade is stamped with the mark, "Hard [illeg] NOV.12 1861 CAST-STEEL".
Context
Used by Phil Howe during the Spanish-American War, or his father, Edward Howes, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1945.20
Made/Created
1861
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel
Relationships
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941), Howes, Edward Helon (1843-1918)
Place
Town
Northfield
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Spanish-American War, Civil War
Flier's Suit
Name/Title
Flier's Suit
Entry/Object ID
2002.14.1
Description
Blue coverall-style flight suit. The suit has a Peter Pan collar and secures up the center front with a metal zipper that runs from the in-seam to the neckline. There are zippered pockets at each breast, on the left sleeve, both hips, both thighs, and both shins. The waistline is slightly adjustable with buttoned tabs and the ankles can be closed tightly with a short zipper.
Context
Worn by Edwin Loren Little of Poultney, Vermont, during World War II, when he flew his B-17 bomber, which he named the Green Mountain Rambler.
Acquisition
2002.14
Made/Created
1943
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Little, Edwin Loren (1918-2004)
Place
Town
Poultney
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Flint
Name/Title
Flint
Entry/Object ID
1920.6a-c
Description
Three pieces of flint, cut into rough wedge shapes.
Acquisition
1920.6
Lexicon
Flint
Name/Title
Flint
Entry/Object ID
1974.17.14
Description
Cardboard box containing 26 gun flints. Each flint is approximately 1-inch square. The box is labeled, "Maynard & Noyes' Indelible Ink" and "Chemists & Druggists/ Boston".
Acquisition
1974.17
Lexicon
Flint
Name/Title
Flint
Entry/Object ID
1969.5.6
Description
Wedge-shaped piece of flint.
Context
Found at Mount Independence in 1967.
Acquisition
1969.5
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Flint
Relationships
Place
Building
Mount Independence
Town
Orwell
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
American Revolutionary War
Flute
Name/Title
Flute
Entry/Object ID
1982.37.26a-c
Description
Rosewood flue and wooden case. The flute is made in two piece--the body and the headpiece--and has five nickel bands and a nickel key (E flat). Beneath the key is the stamped label, "C. Peloubet New York Factory at Bloomfield N.J." There are six finger holes.

The wooden case hinges open along one of the long sides and is lined in printed cotton. The exterior is decorated with brass tacks and semi-circular stamps. There is an ornate lock plate marked "TBW". The top of the case has a drawer pull as a handle.
Context
Owned by True Blake Walter during the Civil War. Walter served as a musician in Company E, 15th Regiment Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.37
Made/Created
de Peloubet, Louis Michel Francois Chabrier (1806-1885)
1836-1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Case
Materials
Rosewood, Nickel
Relationships
Person or Organization
Walker, True Blake (1841-1863)
Place
Town
Burke
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Folding Chair
Name/Title
Folding Chair
Entry/Object ID
1981.16
Description
Black-painted wooden folding chair. The chair has a ladder back and high, curved arms. The arms are grooved along the inside to allow pegs attached to the outer corners of the seat to slide down and fold the chair. The chair is upholstered with modern fabric, jacquard woven in a green and brown tweed.
Context
Used by Major James S. Peck of Montpelier, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1981.16
Made/Created
1860-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Fabric
Relationships
Person or Organization
Peck, James S. (1838-1884)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Forage Cap
Name/Title
Forage Cap
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.4
Description
The dark blue forage cap features a tall crown with a stiff, round top and unstiffened sides that allow the top to droop forward. The top of the cap is decorated with applied braid trim in a quatrefoil pattern. The cap also has a squared black leather brim, which is currently detached. On either side of the cap, there is a brass button, and a gold strap runs between them in front of the hat. The seams of the sides of the crown are covered with black braid trim. The interior of the cap is lined with black silk, although it is currently in a shattered condition, and it is interlined with undyed wool felt, providing added warmth and structure to the cap.
Context
Worn by Major-General George J. Stannard of Georgia, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1930.3
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool, Silk
Relationships
Stannard, George Jerrison (1820-1886), 2nd Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Georgia
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Forage Cap
Name/Title
Forage Cap
Entry/Object ID
1943.12.2
Description
Navy blue forage cap. The cap has a stiff, round crown, embroidered in silver with the label, "F 17". The visor of the cap is missing, and what remains is crushed.
Context
Worn by Charles Deming Brainerd of Danville, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1943.12
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Brainerd, Charles Deming (1842-1935)
Place
Town
Danville
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Forage Cap
Name/Title
Forage Cap
Entry/Object ID
1992.47.1
Description
Tall, navy blue felted wool forage cape with shiny black leather brim. There is a black leather strap across the front where the brim attaches to the crown. The strap is secured by two brass buttons on either end, which are molded with a federal eagle. The cap is lined with glazed cotton and there is a leather band around the edge. A paper label in the center of the interior reads, "SIZE No. 3, U. S. Army. L J & I P".
Context
Worn by Willard Thayer of Warren, Vermont
Acquisition
1992.47
Made/Created
Lewis J. & Isaac Phillips
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool, Cotton, Leather, Brass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Thayer, Willard Monroe (1830-1864)
Place
Town
Warren
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Web Links and URLs
Forage Cap
Name/Title
Forage Cap
Entry/Object ID
1986.18.83d
Description
Dark blue wool forage cap with a black brim. At the center front of the cap is a gold embroidered emblem consisting of a laurel wreath with the letters "Vt" at the center. There is a gold-colored cord across the front of the cap.
Context
Worn by Charles F. Branch of Orwell, Vermont
Acquisition
1986.18
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Materials
Wool, Leather, Brass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Branch, Charles Francis, Sr. (1845-1910)
Place
Town
Orwell
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Forage Cap
Name/Title
Forage Cap
Entry/Object ID
1963.31.3
Description
Blue wool forage cap or kepi with a black leather brim. The top is decorated with brass insignia in the shape of crossed cannons and the number 1. The insignia is secured the cap with shards of wood inserted through the post backs.
Context
Worn by Alfred M. Richardson of Rochester, Vermont.
Acquisition
1963.31
Made/Created
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool, Leather, Cardboard, Brass
Relationships
Richardson, Alfred M. (1829-1865), 11th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Rochester
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Forage Cap
Name/Title
Forage Cap
Entry/Object ID
1951.43.2
Description
Dark blue wool forage cap with square, leather covered brim. There is a brass emblem at the center front in the shape of a laurel wreath with the initials, "GAR" in the center. The interior is marked, "Brazer & Co., Hats and Gloves, Lowell. 47 Central Cor. Market St."
Context
Worn by Chandler Watts of Stowe, Vermont, as a member of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR). The GAR with a fraternal society made up of Civil War veterans who fought for the Union.
Acquisition
1951.43
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool, Cardboard, Leather, Brass
Relationships
Watts, Chandler M. (1839-1911), Grand Army of the Republic
Place
Town
Stowe
County
Lamoille County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Forage Cap
Name/Title
Forage Cap
Entry/Object ID
1965.44.2
Description
Blue wool forage cap with missing brim. The crown has a stiff, flat top and unstiffened sides, allowing the top to fall forward. There is a brass button on either side of the crown, with a black and brown leather strap running between them. The initials "U.W." are embroidered inside a laurel wreath at the front of the cap. The interior is lined with black silk and printed with the label, "GOTTSCHALK BROS. 202 & 204 West Water St. MILWAUKEE, WIS."
Context
Worn by Alman Clarke of Granville, Vermont, during the Civil War
Acquisition
1965.44
Made/Created
Gottschalk Brothers
circa 1860
Lexicon
Materials
Wool, Brass, Silk
Relationships
, 1st Vermont Cavalry
Place
Town
Granville
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Forage Cap
Name/Title
Forage Cap
Entry/Object ID
1963.32
Description
Grey wool forage cap with leather-covered front brim. There is a leather strap across the front, held on either end by brass buttons impressed with the Vermont state seal. There is a thin gold band around the base of the crown, possibly indicating the wearer's rank.
Context
Part of the uniform worn by members of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Vermont Regiments during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1963.32
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool, Leather, Brass, Cardboard
Relationships
1st Vermont Infantry, 2nd Vermont Infantry, 3rd Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Forage Cap
Name/Title
Forage Cap
Entry/Object ID
1965.42.2
Description
Blue wool forage cap with leather-covered front brim. There is a leather strap across the front, held on either end by brass buttons impressed with the Vermont state seal. There is a black ribbon edged in gold around the base of the hat.
Context
Worn by John Wilson Averill of Barre, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1965.42
Made/Created
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool, Brass, Leather
Relationships
Averill, John Wilson (1841-1919), 8th Vermont Infantry
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Fork
Name/Title
Fork
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.7g
Description
Three-tined metal fork made of a single piece of metal. The neck, or tang, of the fork is stamped, "U.S." just before the handle. The handle is painted black and scratched with "Howes".
Context
Used by Corporal Phil Sheridan Howe of Montpelier, Vermont, during the Spanish-American War
Acquisition
1945.20
Made/Created
circa 1890
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Fuze
Name/Title
Fuze
Entry/Object ID
1958.24.1
Description
Small, paper-covered wooden box stamped with the printed label, "5 2 SEC FUZES RICHMOND" and "WASHINGTON ARTILLERY LA." on the other. One end bears the handwritten label, "Taken at [illeg] Highway".
Acquisition
1958.24
Made/Created
1775-1783
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Paper, Wood
Relationships
Event
American Revolutionary War
Gaiter
Name/Title
Gaiter
Entry/Object ID
1950.20.2a-b
Description
Brown suede gaiters. The tall gaiters extend up the wearer's legs and are accented on the bottom edge and opening slit with brown leather. The slit secures closed with laces through bronze eyelets. There is an attached leather strap across the top of the gaiters with a metal buckle. The interiors are marked, "39 Co. F. Regt." and "39 Co. F 18".
Context
Likely belonged to Horation Keyes of Windsor, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1950.20
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Gaiter
Male
Fabric
Suede
Color
Brown
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Person or Organization
Keyes, Horatio J. (1830-1904)
Place
Town
Windsor
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Gaiters
Name/Title
Gaiters
Entry/Object ID
2004.80.4a-b
Description
Stiff leather gaiters. The gaiters are molded into the shape of a shin. Inside each one is stamped, "13 1215 719 630 Sull[illeg] Bridle" and which leg it goes on (left/right). They secure to the wearer with straps that the top and bottom. On the lining of the left leg is the inked inscription, "#6 SHep".
Context
Worn by Joseph George Abair of Montpelier, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
2004.80
Made/Created
1917-1918
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Brass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Abair, Joseph George (1894-1975)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Gaiters
Name/Title
Gaiters
Entry/Object ID
1950.20.1a-b
Description
Brown leather gaiters, or boot covers. The gaiters reach just above the wearer's ankles and halfway down the wearer's foot, and a leather strap extends beneath the shoe. They open at a slit on the outside of the leg and both sides of the foot, each slit securing with laces threaded through bronze eyelets. There is a modesty panel beneath the side opening.
Context
Owned by Horatio J. Keyes of Windsor, Vermont, during the Civil War
Acquisition
1950.20
Clothing/Dress/Costume Details
Gaiter
Male
Material
Leather
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Person or Organization
Keyes, Horatio J. (1830-1904)
Place
Town
Windsor
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Game
Name/Title
Game
Entry/Object ID
1992.82.1
Description
Punch card game in red, white, and blue with a caricature of Hitler next to a swastika in the left corner. In the right corner is a large 1 cent symbol: 1 overlaid with a C. It includes printed instructions on how to use the card and play the game. The body of the game card consists of 90 perforated red circles, each with the word "PUSH".
Use
Used to incentivize buying war bonds during World War II
Acquisition
1992.82
Made/Created
1942-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Paperboard
Relationships
Event
World War II
Gangway Boards
Name/Title
Gangway Boards
Entry/Object ID
1926.2a-b
Description
Two heavily carved gangway boards. The boards are carved with an eagle holding a banner reading "E PLURIBUS UNUM" in its beak and arrows and an olive branch in its talon. Beneath the eagle is a banner that reads, "OREGON", and a fouled anchor. The sides of each board are clad in brass. The backs of the doors are incised with the words, "OR. STAR. F."
Context
From the battleship Oregon during the Spanish-American War. The ship was captained by Charles Edgar Clark of Bradford, Vermont.
Acquisition
1926.2
Made/Created
1893-1924
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Oak, Brass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Clark, Charles E. (1843-1922)
Event
Spanish-American War
Garrison Cap
Name/Title
Garrison Cap
Entry/Object ID
1984.17.1c
Description
Black wool garrison cap. There is a fabric tag stitched to the interior lining that reads, "U.S. COAST GUARD / Name Bery M. Hosmer / Rate SK 30 [illeg]".
Context
Worn by Beryl Hosmer Tjader of Burlington, Vermont, while serving in the US Coast Guard.
Acquisition
1984.17
Lexicon
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Tjader, Beryl Hosmer Howe (1912-1985), United States Coast Guard Women's Reserve
Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Garrison Cap
Name/Title
Garrison Cap
Entry/Object ID
2006.39.6b
Description
Khaki wool garrison cap. A white label sewing onto the band reads, "Caps, Garrison, O.D. Durable Uniform Co . . . Inspector 7 1/8".
Context
Worn by Dan McAvoy of Montpelier, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
2006.39
Made/Created
Durable Uniform Co.
circa 1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool, Cotton
Relationships
Person or Organization
McAvoy, Dan Arthur (1917-1983)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Garrison Cap
Name/Title
Garrison Cap
Entry/Object ID
1980.12.1d
Description
Brown wool garrison cap. The edge of the brim is decorated with gold-colored piping.
Context
Worn by Amber L. Tullar of Montpelier, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
1980.12
Made/Created
1942-1945
Lexicon
Relationships
Tullar, Amber Laurel (1913-1989), Women's Army Corps
,
Event
World War II
Garrison Cap
Name/Title
Garrison Cap
Entry/Object ID
1999.50.64
Description
Gray seersucker garrison cap.
Context
Worn by Flora Coutts of Harwick, Vermont, as a volunteer for the Red Cross during World War II.
Acquisition
1999.50
Made/Created
1935-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Coutts, Flora (1897-1983), American Red Cross
,
Event
World War II
Garrison Cap
Name/Title
Garrison Cap
Entry/Object ID
1999.50.65
Description
Gray seersucker garrison cap.
Context
Worn by Flora Coutts of Harwick, Vermont, as a volunteer for the Red Cross during World War II.
Acquisition
1999.50
Made/Created
1935-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Coutts, Flora (1897-1983), American Red Cross
,
Event
World War II
Garrison Cap
Name/Title
Garrison Cap
Entry/Object ID
2005.51.11
Description
Khaki garrison with brown piping around the edge of the brim. Hand printed on the interior are the labels, "7283", and "Lt. J. W. Sumner."
Context
Worn by Joyce William Sumner of Danby, Vermont, during or after World War II.
Acquisition
2005.51
Made/Created
1943-1965
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Person or Organization
Sumner, Joyce William (1919-2005)
Place
Town
Danby
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Garrison Cap
Name/Title
Garrison Cap
Entry/Object ID
2005.51.1e
Description
Green twill garrison cap decorated with gold piping around the edge of the brim. It has a brass insignia in the shape of a 7-pointed leaf. The label, "TOP RANK - - - Louisville Cap Corp., Louisville, KY." is printed on the inside.
Context
Worn by Joyce William Sumner of Danby, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
2005.51
Made/Created
circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wool, Brass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Sumner, Joyce William (1919-2005)
Place
Town
Danby
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Garrison Cap
Name/Title
Garrison Cap
Entry/Object ID
2004.80.1
Description
Tall, heathered blue wool garrison cap. There is dark piping around the folded up edge. There is a leather band around the interior that is marked with the size "6 7/8" and the label, "S Abrahams Philada. PA. Manufacturers of HIGH GRADE UNIFORMS."
Context
Worn by Joseph George Abair of Montpelier, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
2004.80
Made/Created
1917-1918
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool, Leather
Relationships
Yankee Division, Abair, Joseph George (1894-1975)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Web Links and URLs
Garrison Cap
Name/Title
Garrison Cap
Entry/Object ID
2004.80.2
Description
Tall, heathered blue wool garrison cap. There is dark piping around the folded up edge. There is a leather band around the interior that is marked with the size "6 7/8" and the label, "S Abrahams Philada. PA. Manufacturers of HIGH GRADE UNIFORMS."
Context
Worn by Joseph George Abair of Montpelier, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
2004.80
Made/Created
1917-1918
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool, Leather
Relationships
Yankee Division, Abair, Joseph George (1894-1975)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Web Links and URLs
Garrison Cap
Name/Title
Garrison Cap
Entry/Object ID
1952.20.1b
Description
The band uniform cap is made of black wool and features yellow piping that runs around the folded back brim of the cap as well as along the center seam. At the center front of the cap, there is an embroidered yellow horn.
Context
Worn by Horatio J. Keyes as a bandsman during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1952.20
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Keyes, Horatio J. (1830-1904)
Place
Town
Windsor
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Garrison Cap
Name/Title
Garrison Cap
Entry/Object ID
1969.31.6
Description
Olive green garrison cap. There is a bronze insignia button molded with an emblem consisting of two crossed flagpoles over a lit torch.
Context
Worn by Joseph Lyman Stone of Burlington, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
1969.31
Lexicon
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Stone, Joseph Lyman (1895-1958)
Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Garrison Cap
Name/Title
Garrison Cap
Entry/Object ID
1969.31.7
Description
Olive green garrison cap.
Context
Worn by Joseph Lyman Stone of Burlington, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
1969.31
Lexicon
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Stone, Joseph Lyman (1895-1958)
Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Gauntlets
Name/Title
Gauntlets
Entry/Object ID
1986.18.31a-b
Description
White leather gloves with large flared cuffs. The cuffs are stitched with decorative hearts and curvilinear lines around the edges and seams.
Context
Owned by Charles F. Branch of Orwell, Vermont.
Acquisition
1986.18
Made/Created
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Relationships
Branch, Charles Francis, Sr. (1845-1910), 9th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Orwell
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Geiger Counter
Interpretative Labels
Geiger Counter, 1957 Chatham Electronics Metal, rubber, plastic Given in Memory of Dr. O.S. Peterson, Jr., 2004.35.1ab A Geiger counter, named after scientist Hans Geiger, is a device used to detect and measure radiation. The unit consists of two parts: a probe and the body, which has a measurement window as well as the Geiger-Muller tube, which actually registers the radiation. Geiger counters are inexpensive, easy to use, and widely available pieces of technology. The world entered the atomic age after the US bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and for several decades the threat of a potential nuclear war gripped both the public and the American government. National civil defense programs produced short films, radio ads, pamphlets, posters, and other educational programs designed to educate citizens about how to act after a nuclear attack. Those decades of preparation, worry, and international diplomatic maneuvering are today known as the Cold War. The Geiger counter in the collection of the Vermont Historical Society was used by Dr. Oscar S. Peterson, Jr. in his role as radiological officer for the State Civil Defense Agency. (The “CD” symbol on the side of the unit stands for Civil Defense.) It formed part of his personal kit, intended to detect and investigate any signs of nuclear fallout. The Cold War was a period during which Vermonters had a complicated relationship with innovation and technology. They had to integrate both the threat of nuclear war and the fast-paced advances of modern society in their worldviews simultaneously. Few things illustrate this tension quite like a Geiger counter, which was meant to be used in a disaster scenario – but could guide the way to safety.
Name/Title
Geiger Counter
Entry/Object ID
2004.35.1a
Description
Yellow geiger counter and instruction manual. The counter has a rectangular yellow case with curved ends. Each long side has a log consisting of a white triangle inside a blue circle with the letters "CD" in red. A dial on the top has a numerical range from 0 to 0.5., and is encased beneath a plastic cover, held on with screws. The printing on the top of the case reads, "FCDA / ITEM NO. / CD V-700 / MODEL NO. 3 / SERIAL NO. / 667 / MFRD. FOR / FCDA BY / CHATHAM / ELECTRONICS / LIVINGSTON / NEW JERSEY". There are two black plastic knobs and a yellow plastic plug on the top of the case. A U-shaped bar extends from the case to act a both a handle and a holster for a silver-toned tube, connected to the case by a rubber-encased cord, and capped on either end with rubber. The counter is accompanied by a 15-page manual entitled "Radiological Survey Meter / FCDA ITEM NO. CD V-700" printed in black and white on glossy paper.
Context
Used by Dr. Oscar S. Peterson, Jr. while working with Civil Defense in Vermont
Acquisition
2004.35
Made/Created
Chatham Electronics
1957
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Aluminum, Rubber, Plastic
Relationships
Peterson, Oscar S., Jr. (1912-1988), University of Vermont
Web Links and URLs
Glove
Name/Title
Glove
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.5a-b
Description
Pair of white leather gloves with wide, long cuffs. The gloves are polished with a white polish. The inner wrist of the left glove has the handwritten inscription, "Geo. J. Stannard/Co [illeg] Vermont". The edges of the cuffs are impressed with a zig-zag design.
Context
Belonged to Major General George Stannard during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1930.3
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Relationships
Stannard, George Jerrison (1820-1886), Grand Army of the Republic, 2nd Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Georgia
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Glove
Name/Title
Glove
Entry/Object ID
1952.32.6
Description
White leather glove with stiff, wide cuff. The inside of the cuff is inked with the inscription, "Lt. Col. Farnham 12th Vt. Vol. M". The glove is for the left hand.
Context
Worn by Roswell Farnham of Bradford, Vermont, during the Civil War
Acquisition
1952.32
Lexicon
Materials
Leather
Relationships
Farnham, Roswell (1827-1903), 12th Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Glove
Name/Title
Glove
Entry/Object ID
1969.31.8
Description
Olive green knitted wool gloves.
Context
Worn by Joseph Lyman Stone of Burlington, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
1969.31
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Stone, Joseph Lyman (1895-1958)
Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Gloves
Name/Title
Gloves
Entry/Object ID
1973.36.7a-d
Description
Pair of wool knitted khaki gloves. Each has a wide cuff.
Context
Worn by Guy Hiram Boyce of Moretown, Vermont while in the US Army during World War I.
Acquisition
1973.36
Made/Created
1918-1919
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Boyce, Guy Hiram (1889-1973)
Place
Town
Moretown
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Goggles
Name/Title
Goggles
Entry/Object ID
1995.1.2
Description
Goggles consisting of a large, round lens and an elastic strap. The plastic lens is set into a rubber frame with a long rubber flange shaped to fit snugly against the wearer's face.
Context
Worn by John Hall of Brookfield, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
1995.1
Made/Created
1940-1946
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Rubber, Glass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Hall, John
Place
Town
Brookfield
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Grave Marker
Name/Title
Grave Marker
Entry/Object ID
2010.45
Description
Cast metal flag holder for a grave. The holder consists of a long ground spike topped with a 5-pointed star. The star is molded with the initials "VSH" [Vermont Soldiers Home]. Behind the star are 2 holes to hold a flagpole. The entire piece is painted gold.
Context
The Vermont Soldiers Home in Bennington, Vermont, housed disabled veterans of World War I.
Acquisition
2010.45
Made/Created
1980-2000
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Vermont Soldiers Home
Place
City
Bennington
County
Bennington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Guidon
Name/Title
Guidon
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.66
Description
1st Vermont Brigade (the "Old Brigade") brigade guidon. Attached to staff by a sleeve. Metal fringe present. Flagstaff has halberd finial, presentation label on staff.
Made/Created
Artist
Halsey, Mrs. C. R.
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
1st Vermont Brigade
Event
Civil War
Guidon
Name/Title
Guidon
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.67
Description
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Corps brigade guidon. Triangular in shape, white Greek cross. Attached to staff with blue worsted ties.
Made/Created
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
2nd Vermont Brigade
Event
Civil War
Guidon
Name/Title
Guidon
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.22
Description
National guidon of the 3rd Vermont Light Artillery Battery. Silk with red and white stripes, blue canton and painted stars (only a single star is extant). Guidon may originally have had a swallowtail shape. A sleeve attached guidon to staff. Finial is missing.
Made/Created
Nov 1864
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
3rd Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Guidon
Name/Title
Guidon
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.8
Description
National guidon of the 1st Vermont Light Artillery Battery. Silk broadcloth in swallowtail form with red and white stripes, a blue canton and painted stars.
Made/Created
1861-1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
1st Vermont Battery Light Artillery
Event
Civil War
Guidon
Name/Title
Guidon
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.68
Description
6th Corps headquarters guidon. Swallowtail in shape, blue worsted ties attached flag to staff. Wool on wool, ground plain weave. Applique is a twill weave, red 6 in a cross bonnelly.
Made/Created
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Event
Civil War
Guidon
Name/Title
Guidon
Entry/Object ID
L2023.4.16
Description
National guidon of the 2nd Vermont Light Artillery Battery. Silk with red and white stripes, a blue canton and painted stars. May originally have had a swallowtail shape.
Made/Created
1862
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
2nd Vermont Battery Light Artillery
Event
Civil War
Guidon
Name/Title
Guidon
Entry/Object ID
1966.39.2
Description
Red and white guidon. The flag is made from 2 pieces of silk, one red and one white, hemmed horizontally across the center. The right side splits to form 2 tails. The red portion (upper) has the words, "U.S. Comp. C", in white. The white section has the words, "1st. Regt. Vt. CAVALRY." in red.
Context
Given by General George Armstrong Custer to General William Wells after the Civil War. Wells was a member of Company C, which was from the Waterbury, Vermont, area.
Acquisition
1966.39
Made/Created
circa 1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Silk
Relationships
Wells, William (1837-1892), 1st Vermont Cavalry, Custer, George Armstrong (1839-1876)
Event
Civil War
Publication
Echoes of Glory: Arms and Equipment of the Union
Gun Cover
Name/Title
Gun Cover
Entry/Object ID
1971.5.1
Description
Long, narrow, khaki-colored cotton canvas gun cover. There is an opening on one end that is bound in black cotton and secures with metal snaps. There is a hand-inked label that reads, "Eagle Pass, Texas / H.D. NEWTON / July 9, 1916 / Company K, 1st Inf V.N.G." along with an icon consisting of 2 guns crossed over a laurel wreath with the words, "Expert Rifleman - 200 yard range".
Context
Used by Harold Dennis Newton of Hartland, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
1971.5
Lexicon
Materials
Cotton, Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Newton, Harold Dennis (1895-1986)
Place
Town
Hartland
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Gun Flint
Name/Title
Gun Flint
Entry/Object ID
1954.283.9
Description
Gun flint. The flint is chipped to a sharp edge on one side.
Context
Collected by Emma P. Sampson in Newbury, Vermont
Acquisition
1954.283
Lexicon
Materials
Stone
Relationships
Person or Organization
Sampson, Emma P. Merrill (1865-1953)
Place
Town
Newbury
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Gun Wrench
Name/Title
Gun Wrench
Entry/Object ID
1952.32.9n
Description
Small gun wrench consisting of a round metal tube set perpendicular to a tapering, flat bar. The end of the tube is cut with two semicircles
Context
Owned by Lieutenant Colonel Roswell Farnham of Bradford, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1952.32
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
12th Vermont Infantry, Farnham, Roswell (1827-1903)
Place
Town
Bradford
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Gun Wrench
Name/Title
Gun Wrench
Entry/Object ID
1952.32.9ff
Description
Small gun wrench consisting of a round metal tube set perpendicular to a tapering, flat bar. The end of the tube is cut with two semicircles.
Acquisition
1952.32
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
12th Vermont Infantry, Farnham, Roswell (1827-1903)
Event
Civil War
Hand Mirror
Name/Title
Hand Mirror
Entry/Object ID
1982.37.19
Description
Stamped tin shaving mirror with fold-out stand. When folded, the mirror glass is encased between two pieces of tin. One side--the side attached to the mirror glass--is stamped with a decorative border of a laurel wreath between two rows of beading and the central inscription, "BREVETE A. PARIS / E. C." There is a long brass rectangle and a brass semi-oval attached to that side with metal loops that act as hinges. When unfolded, the brass components prop the mirror against the other piece of tin.
Context
Owned by True Blake Walter during the Civil War. Walter served as a musician in Company E, 15th Regiment Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.37
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin, Glass, Brass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Walker, True Blake (1841-1863)
Place
Town
Burke
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Handkerchief
Name/Title
Handkerchief
Entry/Object ID
1973.36.8
Description
Khaki-colored handkerchief. 2 edges are selvedges, and the other 2 are hemmed.
Context
Used by Guy Hiram Boyce of Moretown, Vermont while in the US Army during World War I.
Acquisition
1973.36
Made/Created
1918-1919
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Person or Organization
Boyce, Guy Hiram (1889-1973)
Place
Town
Moretown
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
1921.10.2
Description
Black fur bicorn hat. The edge of the brim is decorated with wide, gold ribbon. There is a round black cockade on one side held by a strap of the same wide, gold ribbon and a brass button. There is a gold tassel on each flat side of the brim.
Context
Worn by Rear Admiral Charles E. Clark of Bradford, Vermont, during the Spanish American War.
Acquisition
1921.10
Lexicon
Materials
Fur, Gold, Brass, Silk
Relationships
Person or Organization
Clark, Charles E. (1843-1922)
Place
Town
Bradford
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
2008.1.13
Description
Black dress cap with gold metal badge and gold band. Inside is a plastic sleeve in which a paper is inserted with the name Larry Rossi written in ink.
Context
This hat was likely worn by Larry Rossi, son of Lawrence Rossi (1918-2025) of Barre. Larry was a graduate of Norwich University and his uniform, which also has an identification label that says "Larry Rossi," was also with items belonging to Lawrence, the father.
Acquisition
2008.1
Made/Created
Berkshire DeLuxe
Dimensions
Materials
Wool, Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Person or Organization
Rossi, Lawrence K.
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
1945.1.1
Description
Bicorn hat with a tall center peak. The front of the hat is decorated with two chevrons of black figured silk ribbon. There is a brass eagle pin at the center of the upper chevron. The back has a large X stitched at the center with black ribbon. The side points are decorated with large, gold tassels. The interior is lined with white satin-woven silk and stamped with the mark, "C. ST. JOHN 118 BROAD WAY NEW YORK."
Context
Worn by Major General Samuel Strong during the War of 1812
Acquisition
1945.1
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Metallic thread, Silk, Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Strong, Samuel (1762-1832)
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
1946.17.17
Description
White canvas hat service cap with a shiny leather brim. The brim is embroidered in gold with stems of oak leaves. Above the brim is a band of gold and red stretched between two brass buttons.
Context
Worn by Major S. A. W. Patterson during the Spanish-American War
Acquisition
1946.17
Lexicon
Relationships
Patterson, Samuel A. W. (1859-1933), Patterson, Samuel A. W. (1859-1933)
Event
Spanish-American War
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
1952.32.3a-b
Description
Bicorne military hat. The hat is decorated with a black-and-gold ribbon placed diagonally across the high side and secured at the center rim with a large brass button molded with an anchor. The ribbon is holding a round black cockade. There are black and gold tassels placed on the brim at both short sides. The interior of the hat is lined with silk satin and bears a silver printed label that reads, "WM. H. HORSTMANN COMPANY TRADE MARK PHILADELPHIA".

The hat is accompanied by a tin case shaped to fit the hat. The interior of the case is lightly painted. There is a metal label on the exterior of the case that reads, "OEHM & CO. ARMY & NAVY OUTFITTERS BALTIMORE, MD."
Use
Part of a uniform from the US Revenue Service, which later became the US Coast Guard.
Context
Owned by Lieutenant Colonel Roswell Farnham of Bradford, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1952.32
Made/Created
William H. Horstmann Company
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Farnham, Roswell (1827-1903), 1st Vermont Infantry, 12th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Bradford
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
1982.37.30
Description
Black velvet dress uniform hat. It features a high front that gradually slopes towards the back and a short, rounded brim. The brim of the hat is made of leather and is adorned with beige/mustard-colored thin leather trim, which has a rick-rack edging.

At the center front of the crown is a round silver button with a shield stamped in the center, set into the center of a red and white rosette. Additionally, there are silver buttons on each side of the hat.

The interior of the hat is lined with royal blue glazed cotton and has a black facing. The crown of the hat is triangular in shape, with the point situated at the back of the head. There is a black silk ribbon located at the very back of the hat.
Context
Worn by True Blake Walter of Burke, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1982.37
Made/Created
1861-1863
Lexicon
Materials
Leather, Metal, Silk
Relationships
Walker, True Blake (1841-1863), 15th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Burke
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
1959.16.1
Description
Undecorated olive green service cap with shiny brown leather brim. The interior is lined with nylon and has the label, "BANCROFT Military Caps".
Context
Worn by Fred L. Smith of South Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1959.16
Lexicon
Relationships
Place
City
South Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
1962.18.1
Description
Stiff leather shako style hat with a flat crown that flares outward at the top. There is a short, rounded brim at the front that angles upward. There are two holes at the center front of the crown, and two at the sides, where brass ornaments would have been mounted.
Context
Worn by Philander Marrs as a member of the Vermont State Militia.
Acquisition
1962.18
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Relationships
Person or Organization
Marrs, Philander (1804-1885)
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
1965.26.4
Description
Bicorn uniform hat decorated with foil stars. The tall hat is shaped like a U, and has a red-and-black feathered plume attached to the center top. The edge is bound in black ribbon, and another black ribbon (modern) is attached to one of the points. One side of the hat is left blank while the other is decorated with eight foil stars: seven around the edges and one larger star in the center.
Context
Worn by Jacob Perkins of Orwell, VT.
Acquisition
1965.26
Made/Created
1812
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Perkins, Jacob (1787-1846)
Place
Town
Orwell
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
War of 1812
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
2008.1.11
Description
U.S. Army dress uniform hat with metal eagle insignia, a gold band and oak leaf ornamentation signifying an officer.
Context
This hat was worn by Lawrence Rossi (1918-2025) of Barre during military service. He spent three years in the Pacific Theater during WWII, serving as a 1st Lieutenant with the Army's 172nd Infantry. After he was discharged in 1946 he continued to serve in the Vermont National Guard and was reactivated to serve in the Korean War. He retired as a Major from the Vermont National Guard in 1963.
Acquisition
2008.1
Made/Created
Luxenberg
Dimensions
Materials
Wool, Metal, Leather
Relationships
Person or Organization
Rossi, Lawrence K.
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
1999.23.1c
Description
Dark green military hat with a brown leather brim. There is a brass insignia mounted at the center front in the shape of a spread eagle.
Context
Worn by Louis Provost Peck of Montpelier, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
1999.23
Made/Created
circa 1940
Lexicon
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Peck, Louis Provost (1918-2008)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
1994.12.1
Description
Knitted khaki wool hat and scarf combination. One end is a U-shaped beanie hat, and the back edge extends long, creating a scarf.
Context
Made by Red Cross volunteers in Burlington, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
1994.12
Made/Created
1940-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
American Red Cross
Event
World War II
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
1963.69.1d
Description
Bicorn military uniform hat made of black beaver fur. The edge is trimmed with a wide gold ribbon with 2 copper-colored stripes. The brim is raised to stick on the crown at the front and back, leaving the sides low. There is a large gold tassel on either side, sitting on the brim. On the front, there is a wide strap made from the gold ribbon holding a black silk rosette with a brass button.
Context
Worn by Admiral George Dewey of Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1963.69
Made/Created
Ackerman
1898
Lexicon
Materials
Fur, Wool, Gold, Silk, Brass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Dewey, George (1837-1917)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Web Links and URLs
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
2001.25.2
Description
Green military hat with a brown leather brim. There is a brass insignia mounted at the center front in the shape of a spread eagle over a globe and fouled anchor.
Context
Worn by Frank Birch Easton, Jr. of Craftsbury, Vermont, as a pilot in the US Marines during World War II.
Acquisition
2001.25
Made/Created
circa 1940
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wool, Leather
Relationships
Easton, Frank Birch, Jr. (1916-2009), United States Marine Corps
Place
Village
Craftsbury Common
Town
Craftsbury
County
Orleans County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Hat
Name/Title
Hat
Entry/Object ID
1920.4.4
Description
Black wool cocked hat. The had consists of a round crown with an unevenly wide brim tacked up on two sides. One tacked side is decorated with a very large black cockade held by gold springed wire in a decorative oval. There are gold tassels on the untacked portions of the brim (center front and back). The brim is edged with black silk ribbon. The interior is lined with black silk and stamped in gold with the words, "WRIGHT & HOWARD Manufacturers. No. 158 MARKET ST. Baltimore."
Context
Worn by Captain Horace B. Sawyer of Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1920.4
Made/Created
Wright & Howard
circa 1830
Lexicon
Materials
Wool, Silk, Gold
Relationships
Person or Organization
Sawyer, Horace Bucklin (1797-1860)
Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hat Cover
Name/Title
Hat Cover
Entry/Object ID
2001.28.6
Description
Green wool hat cover. The center top is decorated with applied gimp trim in a quatrefoil shape.
Context
Worn by Frank Birch Easton, Jr. of Craftsbury, Vermont, as a pilot in the US Marines during World War II.
Acquisition
2001.28
Lexicon
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Easton, Frank Birch, Jr. (1916-2009)
Place
Town
Craftsbury
County
Orleans County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Hat Cover
Name/Title
Hat Cover
Entry/Object ID
2005.51.1d
Description
Clear plastic rain cover for a service cap. The cover is constructed of a clear, round piece of plastic with an elastic band around the opening.
Context
Used by Joyce William Sumner of Danby, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
2005.51
Made/Created
circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Plastic, Elastic
Relationships
Person or Organization
Sumner, Joyce William (1919-2005)
Place
Town
Danby
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Hatchet
Name/Title
Hatchet
Entry/Object ID
1925.7
Description
Small wooden hatchet carved from a single piece of wood.
Context
Made from the broken flag staff taken from the Battle of Gettysburg.
Acquisition
1925.7
Made/Created
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War
Haversack
Name/Title
Haversack
Entry/Object ID
1960.70.2b
Description
Khaki canvas haversack the words, "Frederic Edwards Montpelier Vermont U. S. A." precisely inked on the back. The bag closes with a flap that reaches from the top back to the bottom front, and secures with a two metal buckles on leather straps. There are two metal rings at the top back, to which a long leather strap attaches with hooks. There is a canvas strap attached to the left side of the back. The end is looped around a metal D-ring, which can attach to a hook on the right side. There is an addition metal hook at the midway point of the strap.
Context
Used by Frederic Edwards of Montpelier, Vermont during World War I. Edwards stepped away from working as the Principal of Montpelier High School to take a post as a secretary for the YMCA during WWI.
Acquisition
1960.70
Lexicon
Materials
Cotton, Leather, Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Edwards, Frederic (1882-1934)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Haversack
Name/Title
Haversack
Entry/Object ID
1945.20.7a
Description
Khaki haversack with "U.S." stenciled onto the front flap. The bag closes with a flap that reaches from the top back to the bottom front, and secures with a buckle. There are two metal rings at the top back, to which a long leather strap attaches with hooks.
Context
Used by R. G. Rich of Company F, 1st Vermont Volunteers during the Spanish-American War. Given to Phil S. Howes of the same company.
Acquisition
1945.20
Made/Created
circa 1890
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton, Metal
Relationships
1st Vermont Infantry, Howes, Phillip Sheridan (1875-1941), Rich, R. G.
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Spanish-American War
Haversack
Name/Title
Haversack
Entry/Object ID
1946.17.4ab
Description
Khaki haversack with "U.S.M.C." stenciled onto the front flap. The remains of the handwritten inscription, "Lt. P[illeg]" are above it. The bag closes with a flap that reaches from the top back to the bottom front, and secures with a buckle. There are two metal rings at the top back, to which a long leather strap attaches with hooks.
Context
Used by First Lieutenant S. A. W. Patterson in China as part ofthe Boxer Rebellion Relief Expedition, 1900.
Acquisition
1946.17
Made/Created
circa 1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton, Leather
Relationships
Patterson, Samuel A. W. (1859-1933), Patterson, Samuel A. W. (1859-1933)
Place
Country
China
Continent
Event
Boxer Rebellion
Haversack
Name/Title
Haversack
Entry/Object ID
1960.70.1
Description
Olive green canvas haversack. The haversack closes with a flap that covers the entire front side. The bag closes with a flap that reaches from the top back to the bottom front, and secures with a buckle. There are two metal rings at the top back, to which a long cotton webbing strap attaches with hooks. The flap is stamped with the number 3 on the outside, and 260 on the inside. The back of the bag is painted with the label, "F. EDWARDS U.S.A. ITALY. 1918." The label is superimposed over a lighter name that begins with "Mc".
Context
Used by Frederic Edwards of Montpelier, Vermont during World War I. Edwards stepped away from working as the Principal of Montpelier High School to take a post as a secretary for the YMCA during WWI.
Acquisition
1960.70
Made/Created
circa 1918
Lexicon
Materials
Cotton, Metal, Paint
Relationships
Person or Organization
Edwards, Frederic (1882-1934)
,
Event
World War I
Headscarf
Name/Title
Headscarf
Entry/Object ID
1993.27.1
Description
Semi-sheer white cotton headscarf with wide hems. It is embroidered in red at the center of one edge with a red cross beneath a red bar.
Context
Worn by Olive Romerio Franzi as a volunteer for the Red Cross during World War II. According to Franzi, "a group of women met at the Odd Fellows Hall on Elm St." in Montpelier, Vermont, where they made and rolled bandages.
Acquisition
1993.27
Made/Created
1939-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton, Linen
Relationships
Person or Organization
Franzi, Olive Romerio (1920-2018)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Helmet
Name/Title
Helmet
Entry/Object ID
2001.25.4a-c
Description
Flight helmet and a corresponding case. The helmet is gold in color and features a blue decal reading "NAVY" above the visor. Additionally, there are decal wings positioned above the "NAVY" inscription. The helmet has a nose-piece that securely snaps into place. Each ear of the helmet is equipped with built-in earphones. The interior of the helmet is padded. On the nose-piece, there is an ink inscription that reads "Easton."

The case is constructed from canvas coated with a silver-colored plastic-like material. The ends of the zipper on the case are reinforced with green nylon strapping. Two handles made of the same green strapping are wrapped around the case for convenient carrying. Inside the case, there is an ink inscription that reads "Easton."
Context
Worn by Frank Birch Easton, Jr. of Craftsbury, Vermont, as a pilot in the US Marines during World War II.
Acquisition
2001.25
Lexicon
Materials
Metal, Cotton, Plastic, Rubber
Relationships
Person or Organization
Easton, Frank Birch, Jr. (1916-2009)
Place
Village
Craftsbury
Town
Craftsbury
County
Orleans County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Helmet
Name/Title
Helmet
Entry/Object ID
1959.2
Description
This helmet is round and made of metal, with a brim. It is painted an olive green color. The helmet has a padded oilcloth liner, and there is a brown leather chin strap attached to it. At the center front is a hat-painted illustration of a woman riding on a missile. She is wearing a pointed winter hat and a long scarf that trails behind her. The missile is red, and the background is yellow.
Context
The mascot painted on the helmet is that of the 101st Regiment Ammunition Train, a unit of the 26th "Yankee Division". Of the 953 people in the regiment, 713 were Vermonters.
Acquisition
1959.2
Lexicon
Materials
Metal, Paint
Relationships
Person or Organization
Yankee Division
Event
World War I
Helmet
Name/Title
Helmet
Entry/Object ID
1959.53.1b-c
Description
Black, felt-covered helmet with brass mounts. The mounts include a large metal spike at the center top, an eagle in the center front, and a hook in the center back. The spike is surrounded by oak leaves. The eagle is shown with its wings spread, holding arrows and an olive branch. An American shield sits above crossed guns and has the number 1 in the center. The hook is mounted on a small American shield. There are buttons at either side of the helmet, each showing crossed guns with a chain spanning between them.
Context
Worn by Edward H. Prouty of Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1959.53
Made/Created
1894-1897
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Prouty, Edward H. (1871-1966)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Helmet
Name/Title
Helmet
Entry/Object ID
2023.15.2
Description
This helmet is round and made of metal, with a brim. It is painted an olive green color. The helmet has a padded oilcloth liner, and there is a brown leather chin strap attached to it. At the center front is a hat-painted illustration of the bust of an indigenous American man wearing a feathered war bonnet. He is is placed over a black circle with a white swirl of smoke. The interior of the helmet's brim is painted with the inscription, "SergT. FrANK H. PuTNAM. BAT. D. 101st F.A. 26th DiV."
Context
Worn by Frank Putnam in Bethel, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
2023.15
Made/Created
circa 1915
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Putnam, Frank Holmes (1894-1954)
Place
Town
Bethel
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Helmet
Name/Title
Helmet
Entry/Object ID
1953.50.1f
Description
This helmet is round and made of metal, with a brim. It is painted an olive green color and has a sandy texture. The helmet has a padded oilcloth liner, and there is a brown leather chin strap attached to it.
Context
Worn by Harold Hawes of Barre, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
1953.50
Made/Created
1917
Lexicon
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Hawes, Harold T. (1889-1945)
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Helmet
Name/Title
Helmet
Entry/Object ID
2008.1.12
Description
Olive-green metal military helmet with fiberglass inner helmet and canvas and leather webbing to separate the head from the rigid helmet.
Context
This helmet was worn by Lawrence Rossi (1918-2025) of Barre during military service. He spent three years in the Pacific Theater during WWII, serving as a 1st Lieutenant with the Army's 172nd Infantry. After he was discharged in 1946 he continued to serve in the Vermont National Guard and was reactivated to serve in the Korean War. He retired as a Major from the Vermont National Guard in 1963.
Acquisition
2008.1
Dimensions
Materials
Steel, fiberglass, Leather, Cotton
The cotton is canvas
Relationships
Person or Organization
Rossi, Lawrence K.
Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Helmet
Name/Title
Helmet
Entry/Object ID
1994.5
Description
Round white helmet with the Civil Defense logo at the center front. The logo consists of a blue circle with a red-and-white striped triangle in the center. The interior is padded with a stuffed roll of black leather, the ends of which tie together with cotton tape. There is a grey, woven tape chin strap attached to metal brackets on either side.
Acquisition
1994.5
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Leather, Cotton
Relationships
Person or Organization
Federal Civil Defense Administration
Event
World War II
Helmet Plate
Name/Title
Helmet Plate
Entry/Object ID
1888.1ab
Description
Rectangular cap plate embossed with a spread eagle in the center. The eagle has an American flag shield on its chest and is holding a laurel branch in its right talon. Above the eagle is a banner with the words, "E PLURIBUS UNUM", and below the eagle is a laurel bow. The bottom right corner is detached.
Use
Cap plates were worn on hats by members of militia.
Context
Found embedded in a maple tree in Isle La Motte, Vermont, in 1884 by Captain William Montgomery.
Acquisition
1888.1
Made/Created
1814-1830
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Montgomery, William
Place
Town
Isle la Motte
County
Grand Isle County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Historic Relic
Name/Title
Historic Relic
Entry/Object ID
1888.2.1a
Description
Oak plank with a paper label pasted to one side. The plank is semi-rounded, narrower on the left than the right. On the right there is a small, applied beam.
Context
Taken from the American gunboat "Congress", which was sunk with others in Maj. Gen. Benedict Arnold's fleet in Lake Champlain on October 13, 1776.
Acquisition
1888.2
Made/Created
1776
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Person or Organization
Arnold, Benedict (1741-1801)
Place
Lake
Lake Champlain
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Battle of Valcour Island, American Revolutionary War
Hobby Hat
Name/Title
Hobby Hat
Entry/Object ID
1980.12.1e
Description
Olive green wool hat with a short front brim and a flat-topped crown. It has a brass emblem at the center front molded with an eagle and federal shield.
Context
Worn by Amber L. Tullar of Montpelier, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
1980.12
Made/Created
1942-1945
Lexicon
Relationships
Women's Army Corps, Tullar, Amber Laurel (1913-1989)
,
Event
World War II
Holster
Name/Title
Holster
Entry/Object ID
1999.33.3
Description
A fancy leather holster for a pistol without any belt.
Context
Owned by Lyman Enos. Knapp, born in Somerset, Vt. on Nov. 5, 1837. he died in Seattle, WA on Oct. 9, 1904. Knapp was a graduate of Middle College. He fought in the Civil War and was wounded three times. He was brevetted to the rank of lieutenant colonel. After the war and a short stint teaching at Burr and Burton Academy in Manchester, he became editor of the Middlebury Register, a job he held for 13 years. At the same time he read the law and was admitted to the bar in 1876. He served in the Vermont House of Representatives 1886-87 and was a judge of probate for a decade. He was appointed governor of Alaska in 1889 by President Harrison. He moved to Seattle after completing his time as governor and began practicing law again.
Acquisition
1999.33
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Leather
Relationships
Person or Organization
Knapp, Lyman E. (1837-1904)
Event
Battle of Gettysburg
Holster
Name/Title
Holster
Entry/Object ID
1930.3.1
Description
Set of two matching pistol holsters. The holsters are made of leather with brass mounts. Each has a strap for hanging from a belt and the black leather covers each have a brass spread eagle emblem in the center. Each has a narrow, adjustable strap toward the point with a metal buckle.
Context
Owned by Major General George Stannard during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1930.3
Made/Created
1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Brass
Relationships
Stannard, George Jerrison (1820-1886), 2nd Vermont Infantry
Event
Civil War
Holster
Name/Title
Holster
Entry/Object ID
1934.1.1a
Description
Leather revolver holster. The holster is made from a single piece of leather wrapped in a circle and stitched down one side to fit snugly to a gun. The bottom is sealed with a cork.
Context
Used by Capt. Harris B. Mitchel of the 1st Vermont Cavalry during the Civil War
Acquisition
1934.1
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Relationships
1st Vermont Cavalry, Mitchell, Harris B.
Event
Civil War
Holster
Name/Title
Holster
Entry/Object ID
1954.42.4
Description
Two leather gun holsters seamed together at the top. The holsters are each made in two parts: a U-shaped back piece and a the shaped holder.
Acquisition
1954.42
Lexicon
Dimensions
Identification Bracelet
Name/Title
Identification Bracelet
Entry/Object ID
2023.15.4
Description
Metal ID bracelet. The original bracelet consists of a metal chain with an oval plaque engraved with the words, "SERGT FRANK.H.PUTNAM 588084". There is an additional metal tag added to the bracelet stamped with the words, "F.H. PUTNAM BETHEL VERMONT 1928".
Context
Worn by Frank Putnam of Bethel, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
2023.15
Made/Created
circa 1915
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Person or Organization
Putnam, Frank Holmes (1894-1954)
Place
Town
Bethel
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Identification Tag
Name/Title
Identification Tag
Entry/Object ID
1951.22.2
Description
Round, metal identification tag. One side is molded with a spread eagle holding arrows in its talons with the words, "WAR OF 1861 UNITED STATES" around the edge. The other side is stamped with, "Serg. R. Coffey, Vt. Volunteers. Montpelier." The center top has a hole.
Context
Used by Sergeant Robert Coffey of Montpelier, Vermont, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1951.22
Made/Created
1861-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Person or Organization
Coffey, Robert J. (1842-1901)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Insignia
Name/Title
Insignia
Entry/Object ID
1962.23.8
Description
Round insignia molded with the letters "U.S." at the top and two crossed rifles at the bottom (Army Infantry). Across the center is stamped, "U.VT. 016". Three triangular spikes are bent inward on the back.
Acquisition
1962.23
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
1945.12.1b
Description
Round, green felt patch with the embroidered inscription "VERMONT STATE GUARD" surrounding an embroidered stag's head. The inscription is in yellow, as is the surrounding border. The stag's head is dark brown with light brown antlers and a yellow eye.
Context
Worn by a member of the Vermont State Guard, and all-volunteer state defense force.
Acquisition
1945.12
Made/Created
circa 1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cloth, Plastic
Relationships
Person or Organization
Vermont State Guard
Event
World War II
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
2004.26.3
Description
Insignia patch embroidered with the word, "AIRBORNE".
Context
Worn by Louis Provost Peck of Montpelier, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
2004.26
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Peck, Louis Provost (1918-2008)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
2004.26.4
Description
Insignia patch embroidered with the word, "AIRBORNE".
Context
Worn by Louis Provost Peck of Montpelier, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
2004.26
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Peck, Louis Provost (1918-2008)
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
2020.24.15
Description
Patch with red bar over the top of a blue circle. In the bar are the words, "Civil Air Patrol", in white lettering. Within the blue circle is a white triangle with a red propeller in the middle and the initials "U S" underneath.
Context
Owned by William Vroman Mason of Waterbury, Vermont. Mason was Vermont Wing Commander of the Civil Air Patrol from November 1942 to November 1947.
Acquisition
2020.24
Lexicon
Relationships
Mason, William Vroman (1906-1989), Civil Air Patrol
Place
Town
Waterbury
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
2000.12.27
Description
Shield-shaped insignia patch showing the Arabic numeral "1" with golden wings above a maroon wedge with crossed swords. The words, "ALLIED AIRBORNE", are in a banner across the top. The design is embroidered onto a blue wool felt ground with black backing.
Context
Worn by Louis Provost Peck of Montpelier, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
2000.12
Made/Created
1944-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Fabric
Relationships
Peck, Louis Provost (1918-2008), First Allied Airborne Army
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
2000.12.36
Description
Wool felt insignia patch consisting of two yellow chevrons beneath a yellow wedge with a rounded top. The design is appliqued on a black felt ground.
Context
Worn by Carroll "Cak" Hargin Foster of Montpelier, Vermont, during World War I.
Acquisition
2000.12
Made/Created
1917-1918
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Foster, Carroll "Cak" Hargin
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War I
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
2020.8.1
Description
Round textile insignia patch with green, twill-woven ground. A stag head is embroidered in the center, as is a yellow border and the words, "VERMONT/STATE GUARD".
Context
The Vermont State Guard is the all-volunteer state defense force of Vermont.
Acquisition
2020.8
Made/Created
1941-1948
Lexicon
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Person or Organization
Vermont State Guard
Place
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
1951.43.3ab
Description
Two insignia patches in the shape of triangles (chevrons with an upper bar) made of three red stripes over a black ground.
Use
Denotes the rank of sergeant
Context
Awarded to Chandler Watts of Stowe, Vermont, during the Civil War
Acquisition
1951.43
Made/Created
1862-1865
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Watts, Chandler M. (1839-1911), 11th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Stowe
County
Lamoille County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
1951.29.4a-b
Description
Two insignia patches consisting of two light blue chevrons on a dark blue ground.
Use
The two chevrons denote the rank of corporal. The blue color denotes infantry.
Context
Owned by Christopher C. Putnam, Jr. of Middlesex, VT, during the Civil War.
Acquisition
1951.29
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Putnam, Christopher C. (1839-1924), 13th Vermont Infantry
Place
Town
Middlesex
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
Civil War
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
2000.12.28
Description
Fully embroidered insignia patch showing an Arabic numeral "2" on an olive-green ground. The top half of the 2 is red, and the bottom half is white. The upper two corners of the rectangular patch are chamfered.
Context
Worn by Louis Provost Peck of Montpelier, Vermont, during World War II.
Acquisition
2000.12
Made/Created
1939-1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Peck, Louis Provost (1918-2008), United States Army
Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
2020.8.2
Description
Grey, felted wool patch embroidered in yellow with a silhouette of a stag's head facing to the left.
Acquisition
2020.8
Lexicon
Materials
Wool
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
2002.14.4
Description
Shield-shaped insignia patch showing an armored hand holding a missile and using it to break a swastika. The wrist of the hands has wings. The words "CAN DO" are in a banner across the top.
Context
Owned by Edwin Loren Little of Poultney, Vermont, during World War II, when he flew his B-17 bomber, which he named the Green Mountain Rambler.
Acquisition
2002.14
Made/Created
1943
Lexicon
Relationships
Person or Organization
Little, Edwin Loren (1918-2004)
Place
Town
Poultney
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Event
World War II
Insignia Patch
Name/Title
Insignia Patch
Entry/Object ID
1959.53.10
Description
Rectangular, black felt insignia patch with couched, gold embroidery showing two crossed muskets beneath the letters "B.C."
Context
Worn by Edward H. Prouty of Montpelier, Vermont, duri