Objects - Metal

The metal collection includes Vermont-made silver and pewter goods, as well as jewelry, watches, and other fine metal objects that were used in the state.

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Balance
Name/Title
Balance
Entry/Object ID
1870.1a-j
Description
Money scales and case consisting of a rod from which two round disks hang, and six weights of various sizes. The whole is contained within an oval paperboard box covered in thin leather.
Use
Used to determine the value of coinage by weight
Context
Used by Hon. Samuel Mattocks, second State Treasurer of Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1870.1
Source or Donor
Vermilye, Mrs. J.H.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1786-1800
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Mattocks, Samuel (1739-1804)
Montpelier
Basin
Name/Title
Basin
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.1427
Description
Round pewter basin with folded lip. The bottom interior is marked, "RICHARD.LEE".
Context
Made by Richard Lee in Springfield, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
Artist
Lee, Richard (1747-1823)
18th Century
Springfield
Materials
Pewter
Basin
Name/Title
Basin
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.1428
Description
Round pewter basin with folded lip. The bottom interior is marked, "RICHARD.LEE".
Context
Made by Richard Lee in Springfield, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
Artist
Lee, Richard (1747-1823)
18th Century
Springfield
Materials
Pewter
Belt
Name/Title
Belt
Entry/Object ID
1977.40
Description
Circular, solid-silver belt with gold shield clasp. The belt is engraved with a floral pattern that covers the outer surface. The front shield is chased with a floral border engraved with the inscription, "Champion of the World, presented by the citizens of New York". The belt is inscribed with the names of the previous world champions from 1877, 1880, 1884, and 1887 (John McMahon).
Context
Won by John McMahon of Bakersfield, VT, 1887.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1977.40
Source or Donor
Hale, Mrs. Frank
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Schuyler, Hartley & Graham
1887
Materials
Silver, Brass
Relationships
McMahon, John (1841-1911)
Bakersfield
Button
Name/Title
Button
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.10
Description
Bronze circular button with roughly applied post back. The front of the button is etched with a petaled flower in the center, radiating lines, dots, and scallops around the edge.
Context
Produced for French traders to trade with Indigenous Americans.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Made or Created
17th Century
Ethnography
Abenaki
Materials
Bronze
Relationships
France, Franklin County
Button
Name/Title
Button
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.30
Description
Silver post-backed button with the molded inscription, "RUTLAND", on a striped textured ground.
Context
Worn by an employee of the Rutland Railroad
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Rutland Railroad
Button
Name/Title
Button
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.14
Description
Silver-toned post-backed button molded with the intertwined initials CV.
Context
Used on the uniforms of employees of the Central Vermont Railway
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Central Vermont Railway
Button
Name/Title
Button
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.31
Description
Silver-toned post-backed button with the molded inscription, "RUTLAND" on a striped textured ground.
Context
Worn by an employee of the Rutland Railroad
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
Scovell Manufacturing Company
Waterbury
Materials
Metal
Candlestick
Name/Title
Candlestick
Entry/Object ID
1919.4.5
Description
Brass candlestick with a square base. The base is decorated with two incised bands around the outside. The pillar is round and has a decorative molding around the bottom. It flares outward at the top.
Context
Carried by John Eddy from East Calais, VT to Walden, VT, around 1800.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1919.4
Source or Donor
Ormsbee, Ira
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1800
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Eddy, John
East Calais, Walden
Chamberstick
Name/Title
Chamberstick
Entry/Object ID
1955.35.3
Description
Small brass candlestick with finger handle. The candlestick is set into a wide drip guard.

Small candlestick with finger handle. Hole worn in base near the handle.
Used by the Chaffee family.
Context
Used by the Chaffee family
Acquisition
Accession Number
1955.35
Source or Donor
Smith, Grace Chaffee (1877-1971)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Materials
Brass
Clasp
Name/Title
Clasp
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.12
Description
Silver clasp or brooch with engraved and cut design. The clasp is in the shape of a circle with a hollow center. The central hole is rimmed with engraved sprigs. The outer edge and the middle are decorated with removed leaf shapes. The clasp is a hammered wire looped around a hold and spanning the center.
Context
Silver clasp made by French traders to trade with Indigenous Americans.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2017.3
Source or Donor
Wiseman, Frederick M.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman
Made or Created
Artist
D'Abonville, Louis Charles Palin
1763-1774
Quebec City
Ethnography
Abenaki
Materials
Silver
Commemorative Button
Name/Title
Commemorative Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.58.44
Description
Round button printed with a black-and-white photograph showing a flooded area taken from the inside of a covered bridge. The inscription "IRENE 2011" rings the edge.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.58
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
2011
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Vermont
Hurricane Irene
Compass
Interpretative Labels
Compass, 1783 John Gardner Glasgow, Scotland Brass, wood Gift of George P. Whitelaw, 1885.1.1a-c Genl. James Whitelaw was chosen Surveyor General of Vermont, Oct. 1787, being the second Surveyor General, was re-elected every year till 1805, a period of 18 years. In 1783 whilst deputy Surveyor under Ira Allen (the then Surveyor General) he ordered a compass to be made by John Gardner of Glasgow, Scotland, which he received in 1784. This compass with chain, magnet &c. he used during the rest of his life and whilst Surveyor General of the State. At his death in 1829 it came into the possession of his Grandson John B. Whitelaw of Ryegate, VT , then 23 years old, who had learned surveying from his Grandfather, and who followed the profession at various times during his life, lastly in Wisconsin. John B. Whitelaw died in Griggsville, Ills., Dec. 4th 1884 at residence of his sister Susan White, and the identical compass, magnet, chain &c. purchased from John Gardener, sent to Vermont in 1784 and used by General Whitelaw while Surveyor General, is now in possession of his Great Grandson, Geo. P. Whitelaw of St. Louis, Mo. About the year 1864 Thos. Goodwillie of Barnet, VT, read a paper on the life of General Whitelaw before the Historical Society of Vermont at its meeting in St. Johnsbury, in which he suggested acquiring the surveying instruments, considering they would be a valuable addition to their Historical collections. This sketch of Genl. Whitelaws life was published in the Caledonian of St. Johnsbury Nov 18, 1864, and Geo. P. Whitelaw finding a copy of same among his fathers effects, has concluded to offer to donate these Surveying instruments to the Historical Society of the State of Vermont, if they so desire. There is no doubt of the identity of these instruments. The compass having John Gardeners name on the face, and it came direct from Genl. Whitelaw to his Grandson John B. Whitelaw, and who only died in December last, and from him to his son Geo. P. Whitelaw of St. Louis Mo., who makes this offer. [label copy ca. 1885]
Name/Title
Compass
Entry/Object ID
1885.1.1a-c
Description
Brass compass contained in wooden case. The compass consists of a brass disk onto which are is engraved a compass star with initials at each point indicating the cardinal directions. A narrow metal rod is mounted at the center. The disk is held within a glass-fronted mount that extends out on either side and attaches to the wooden box. The interior lid of the box is lined with a circle of green felt above the compass. The top hinges open and locks with an interior lock at the center front.
Context
Used by James Whitelaw of Ryegate, Vermont's second Surveyor General
Acquisition
Accession Number
1885.1
Source or Donor
Whitelaw, George P.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Gardner, John
1783
Glasgow
Materials
Brass, Wood
Relationships
Whitelaw, James
Ryegate
Ewer
Name/Title
Ewer
Entry/Object ID
1954.34
Description
Ornamental copper ewer with marble base. The body is molded with a leaf design at center, top, and on the handle.
Context
Owned by Julia C. R. Door at The Maples in Rutland, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1954.34
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Materials
Copper, Marble
Relationships
Dorr, Julia C. Ripley (1825-1913)
Rutland
Eyeglasses
Name/Title
Eyeglasses
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.673ab
Description
Metal rimmed eye glasses in leather case. The glasses have small oval frames, and the earpiece are turned back into a loop. Gold lettering on case reads, "Dr. J.E. Prescott; Oculist; Brattleboro, VT"
Context
Made by Dr. Josiah Prescott, a travelling oculist who set up temporary exam rooms in local hotels across Vermont.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
Prescott, Josiah Everett (1846-1903)
19th Century
Brattleboro
Materials
Metal, Glass, Leather
Relationships
Prescott, Josiah Everett (1846-1903)
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.24
Description
Key with round head. The head is labeled "O & L C R R" on one side. The side opposite the head has a small portion that sticks outward with two prongs.
Context
Labeled for the Ogdensburg and Lake Champlain Railroad
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Materials
Bronze
Relationships
Ogdensburg and Lake Champlain Railroad
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.26
Description
Key with round head. The head is stamped with the label "RUT R R" on one side and "48" on the other side. The end opposite the head has a rectangular hole where the key would be. The shaft is hollow.
Context
Labeled for the Rutland Railroad
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Rutland Railroad
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.25
Description
Key with round head. The head is stamped with the label "RUT R R" on one side and "26" on the other side. The end opposite the head has a rectangular hole where the key would be. The shaft is hollow.
Context
Labeled for the Rutland Railroad
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Materials
Bronze, Iron
Relationships
Rutland Railroad
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.27
Description
Key with round head. The head is stamped with the label "R & B R R" on one side and "WILLIAMS & PAGE" on the other side. The end opposite the head has a protruding bit with two widely set wards.
Context
Labeled for Rutland and Bennington Railroad
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Materials
Bronze
Relationships
Rutland and Burlington Railroad
Key Chain
Name/Title
Key Chain
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.13
Description
Gold-toned key chain with attached round medallion. The medallion has the molded incription "CN CV" in the center and "SECTEUR DE CHAMPLAIN AREA" around the edge.
Context
Given to employees of the Central Vermont Railway for earning a safety award, 1969
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1969
Materials
Metal
Relationships
LeCompte, Conrad Armand (1907-2003), Central Vermont Railway, Canadian National Railway
Lantern
Name/Title
Lantern
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.1410
Description
Metal lantern with molded tin back and two glass panels. The oil for the lantern sits in a low well, with a wick rising up into the main chamber. The back of the lantern is lined in tin that has been hammered in a circular design to reflect light. The front two panels are clear glass. The lantern has a short, metal chimney with a circular cap and upper handle.
Context
Owned by Deacon Asa Lord of Norwich, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Materials
Tin, Glass
Relationships
Lord, Asa (1783-1861)
Norwich
Marking Stamp
Name/Title
Marking Stamp
Entry/Object ID
1959.41
Description
Curved metal stamp. The stamp is engraved with an image of the State House, a large star, and the words, "VERMONT 1791 1991", in the center. The top border has the inscription, "150 YEARS OF STATEHOOD MONTPELIER VT". The lower border contains repeated stars.
Context
Made for the Vermont Sesquicentennial.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1959.41
Source or Donor
Unknown
Acquisition Method
Unknown
Made or Created
1991
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Vermont State House
Vermont Sesquicentennial
Nail
Name/Title
Nail
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.23
Description
Large nail with the number 47 molded into the head.
Use
Used to record the date of repairs of railroad tracks.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Made or Created
1947
Materials
Metal
Napkin Ring
Name/Title
Napkin Ring
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.940
Description
Round, silver napkin ring. The edges are engraved with a repeating patter of interlocking rings. The center is engraved, "D. F. Rugg".
Context
Owned by David Fletcher Rugg in Harland, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Silver
Relationships
Rugg, David Fletcher (1852-1900)
Hartland
Occupational Pin
Name/Title
Occupational Pin
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.12
Description
Rectangular black enameled pin with the inscription, "CV".
Context
Owned by Conrad LeCompte as an employee of the Central Vermont Railway.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2021.5
Source or Donor
VHS Library
Acquisition Method
Transfer
Materials
Metal
Relationships
LeCompte, Conrad Armand (1907-2003), Central Vermont Railway
Occupational Pin
Name/Title
Occupational Pin
Entry/Object ID
2013.29.2
Description
Triangular post-backed pin with the enameled initials "V.T.C." in gold on green ground. There is a stamp-molded gold braided border. There is a 1/2" threaded post on the back as well as the nut - the post gets placed in a small hole on the hat with the nut holding it on. There is a tiny (1/8") straight pin at the lower back edge that keeps it from spinning around.
Context
Uniform pin worn on the hats of Vermont Transit Company drivers.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.29
Source or Donor
Thompson, William P.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1960-1970
Materials
Enamel, Metal
Relationships
Vermont Transit Lines
Burlington
Occupational Pin
Name/Title
Occupational Pin
Entry/Object ID
2013.29.6
Description
Triangular post-backed pin. The front is enameled with the initials, "B.R.T." on a green ground with a stamp-molded braided border. There is a 1/2" threaded post on the back as well as a screw-on back. There is a tiny (1/8") straight pin at the lower back edge that keeps it from spinning around.
Context
Uniform pin worn on the hats of Burlington Rapid Transit drivers.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2013.29
Source or Donor
Thompson, William P.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1960-1970
Materials
Enamel, Metal
Relationships
Vermont Transit Lines, Burlington Rapid Transit
Burlington
Padlock
Name/Title
Padlock
Entry/Object ID
1924.6ab
Description
Padlock and key. The large lock consists of a U-shaped body and thick U-shaped hook that secures into the body with an internal mechanism. The front has a large keyhole with a post in the center. The key has an oval on one end, and a skeleton-style key head on the other. The bottom the key post is hollow.
Context
Used on the first Vermont State Prison, 1809
Acquisition
Accession Number
1924.6
Source or Donor
Unknown
Acquisition Method
Unknown
Made or Created
1809
Materials
Metal
Pin, Scatter
Name/Title
Pin, Scatter
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.1567
Description
Round pin engraved with the monogram, "J.A.H." surrounded by a sprigged border. The pin is made from an 1854 seated Liberty quarter, visible on the back. The back has a hinged pin that is caught by a simple C-closure.
Context
Owned by Julia Augusta Hager Rugg in Cavendish, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
1854
Materials
Silver
Relationships
Rugg, Julia Augusta Goddard Hager (1853-1923)
Proctorsville
Plate
Name/Title
Plate
Entry/Object ID
1907.2.1
Description
Large tin plate with a molded rim and a large hole near the edge, spanning the width of the rim. The hole appears to have been punched from the front to the back.
Context
This plate was in the haversack of Cpl. Joseph W. Hitchcock of Co. G., 13th Vermont Volunteers. On the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 3, 1863), he was shot in the leg through the plate. The bullet remained in his leg for nearly four years. When it finally came near the surface, he removed it himself with a jack-knife.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1907.2
Source or Donor
Dean, Mrs. A. E.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1860
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Hitchcock, Joseph
Gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg, Civil War
Plate
Name/Title
Plate
Entry/Object ID
1931.7.2
Description
Large pewter plate or platter. The rim is incised with a narrow line all the way around the edge.
Context
Used by Sally Bowles (1799-1886) of Marshfield, Vermont around 1825
Acquisition
Accession Number
1931.7
Source or Donor
Hobart, Lynn L.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1825
Materials
Pewter
Relationships
Bowles, Sally (1799-1886)
Marshfield, Plainfield
Plate
Name/Title
Plate
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.1472
Description
Pewter plate with the stamped label, "Richard.L", at the center back. The plate has deep well and a prominent rim.
Context
Made by Richard Lee in Springfield, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
Artist
Lee, Richard (1747-1823)
1788-1820
Springfield
Materials
Pewter
Plate
Name/Title
Plate
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.1475
Description
Pewter plate with an illegible stamped label. The plate has an incised line around the center well, a wide cheek, and a wide rim. The bottom is scratched with the name, "Sally Rice".
Context
Owned by Sarah Sterling Rice in Reading, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Materials
Pewter
Relationships
Rice, Sarah Sterling (1766-1864)
Reading
Plate
Name/Title
Plate
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.1482
Description
Large, round pewter plate. The bottom is stamped with an illegible maker's mark that includes a coat of arms. The back is scratched with the names "Harold G. Rugg" and "Sarah Rice Goddard".
Context
Owned by Sarah Rice Goddard in Reading, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
19th Century
Materials
Pewter
Relationships
Goddard, Sarah Rice (1800-1875)
Reading
Pocket Watch
Name/Title
Pocket Watch
Entry/Object ID
1931.1.2
Description
Pocket watch with silver case and white face. The face has numbers written around the edge in black ink with minutes marked in small hashes. The watch has two hands, minute and hours, both currently pointing downward. The top of the watch has a tall post with a loop set into the top. The watch opens with small hinge at the proper right.
Context
Owned by Thomas Chittenden
Acquisition
Accession Number
1931.1
Source or Donor
Chittenden, Thomas G.
Acquisition Method
Loan
Made or Created
1790
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Chittenden, Thomas (1730-1797)
Burlington
Promotional Button
Name/Title
Promotional Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.58.2
Description
Round yellow button with red hand-drawn illustration of a hand holding several small flags, including a United States, Canadian, and Japanese flag. The handwritten inscription "JULY 1980 BARRE, VT. ETHNIC HERITAGE FESTIVAL" rings the edge. The back is stamped with the inscription, "Badge-a-Minit" Lasalle. Ill. 61301".
Context
Made for the Barre Heritage Festival in 1980
Made or Created
Badge-a-Minit
1980
LaSalle
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Barre City
Barre Heritage Festival
Promotional Button
Name/Title
Promotional Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.58.3
Description
Round red pin with an illustration of two fiddlers with bears and large hats and a larger fiddle above. The three are connected by a swirling musical staff. The white inscription, "HARDWICK, VT. FIDDLERS CONTEST/ALWAYS LAST SATURDAY OF JULY11987 6TH Annual" ring the edge.

Red pin with white lettering and logo advertising the 1987 6th annual Hardwick, Vt. Fiddlers Contest ("Always the last Saturday of July").
Made or Created
1987
Materials
Metal, Paper, Plastic
Relationships
Hardwick
Promotional Button
Name/Title
Promotional Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.58.19a-b
Description
Round black button with the inscription, "FIRST NIGHT 2012 MONTPELIER" over an illustration of a firework. It is accompanied by a rectangular piece of cardstock with an image of the button and spaces to fill out contact information for a raffle.
Context
The pin was used to prove admission to First Night Montpelier, 2012.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.58
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
2012
Montpelier
Materials
Metal, Paper
Relationships
East Montpelier
Promotional Button
Name/Title
Promotional Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.58.20
Description
Round purple button with a multicolored illustration of a crescent moon, confetti, three stars, and the inscription, "FIRST NIGHT Montpelier 2007".
Context
Used as proof of admission for First Night in Montpelier, 2007.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.58
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
2007
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Montpelier
Promotional Button
Name/Title
Promotional Button
Entry/Object ID
2012.58.23
Description
Round white button with a purple illustration of a curving branch with a folk-art style bird on the end and the inscription, "Treasure Vermont". There is a cream colored ribbon folded and pinned to the pin.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2012.58
Source or Donor
Staff
Acquisition Method
Gift
Materials
Metal, Ribbon
Promotional Button
Name/Title
Promotional Button
Entry/Object ID
2011.70.2
Description
Round button with multicolored fractal background and a black-and-white photograph of a man wearing glasses and a brimmed cap with the word "FRED" across the crown. The small white inscription, "SEE THE FILM MAN WITH A PLAN (802) 889-3474 - www.spreadfred.com", rings the bottom edge of the button.
Context
Made to advertise the film, "Man with a Plan," starring Fred Tuttle as a farmer whose retirement plan is to run for the US House of Representatives.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2011.70
Source or Donor
Milne, James F. (b. 1950)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
1996
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
Tuttle, Frederick Herman (1919-2003)
Vermont
Shoe Buckles
Name/Title
Shoe Buckles
Entry/Object ID
1923.8.1a-c
Description
Two metal and glass shoe buckles with cardboard and leather case. The buckles are rimmed with glass jewels that are larger in the center and shorter around the corners and sides, creating an oval shape. The functional portion of the buckles have two fixed prongs, and a latch with two prongs. The oval box is rounded on one side to shape to the buckles, and the interior is lined with blue satin. The outside is lined with leather.
Context
Worn by Col. Ethan Allen
Acquisition
Accession Number
1923.8
Source or Donor
Hooper, Ada Penniman Howe
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
18th Century
Materials
Metal, Glass, Leather, Cardboard, Silk
Relationships
Allen, Ethan (1738-1789)
American Revolutionary War
Slag
Name/Title
Slag
Entry/Object ID
1955.4a-c
Description
Three uneven chunks of rock. Each rock has both smooth, shiny sides, and rough, matte sides.
Use
Slag is the stony waste matter that is separated from metals during the smelting or refining process.
Context
Said to be from Ethan Allen's blast furnace
Acquisition
Accession Number
1955.4
Source or Donor
Robbins, Roland W.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Materials
Slag
Relationships
Allen, Ethan (1738-1789)
Slide Whistle
Name/Title
Slide Whistle
Entry/Object ID
2010.27
Description
Chrome plated brass slide whistle. A wire is inserted into the whistle and attached on the inside to a cork. The outer end of the wire is bent back on itself then turned up into a circle.
Context
"Bozo" slide whistle used by Rinaldo Calcagni during the 1922 granite strike. He blew it at strike breakers when they broke the line.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2010.27
Source or Donor
Calcagni, Elizabeth G.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Rinaldo Calcagni
Made or Created
Ludwig & Ludwig of Chicago
1920-1930
Chicago
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Calcagni, Rinaldo (1872-1947)
Barre City
Snuffbox
Name/Title
Snuffbox
Entry/Object ID
1904.3a-b
Description
Small oval snuff box engraved with the inscription, "Ethan Allen", in script. The box is made tin is greyed with age. The lid fits over the base and completely removes when opened.
Context
Used by Col. Ethan Allen while a prisoner in England
Acquisition
Accession Number
1904.3
Source or Donor
Buchanan, Franklin A.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Allen, Ethan (1738-1789)
American Revolutionary War
Souvenir Spoon
Name/Title
Souvenir Spoon
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.35
Description
Souvenir spoon with the words, "Windsor VT" engraved within the bowl. The rim of the bowl is engraved with a curvy line.
Context
Souvenir of Windsor, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Materials
Silver
Relationships
Windsor
Spittoon
Name/Title
Spittoon
Entry/Object ID
1960.59.1b
Description
Small metal spittoon with wide, flared rim. The circular body of the spittoon is short. The body and the rim attach in a narrow circle.
Context
Used in the Vermont State House
Acquisition
Accession Number
1960.59
Source or Donor
Vermont State House
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Farberware
Brooklyn
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Vermont State House
Spoon
Name/Title
Spoon
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.1456
Description
Small pewter spoon. The handle is scratched with the inscription, "S. A. Goddard". The tip of the handle is clipped off.
Context
Owned by Sara Rice Goddard in Reading, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1958.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Materials
Pewter
Relationships
Goddard, Sarah Rice (1800-1875)
Reading
Spoon
Name/Title
Spoon
Entry/Object ID
1961.23
Description
Silver spoon with wide fiddleback handle. The handle is engraved, "AFC" on the front, and stamped with "Eaton" on the reverse.
Context
Reportedly made by Zackeus Cole (1791-1882), of Eaton & Cole, from silver that was reportedly from a pair of shoe buckles given to Rhoda Alexander Harlow (1747-1816) by a British soldier she nursed in secret during the Revolutionary War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1961.23
Source or Donor
Richmond, Perley Farnum
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Eaton, Isaiah (1757-1847)
1810-1820
Materials
Silver
Relationships
Eaton, Isaiah (1757-1847)
Westminster
Battle of Bennington, American Revolutionary War
Steam Engine
Interpretative Labels
Steam Engine, ca. 1793 Samuel Morey Fairlee, Vermont Tin, brass Gift of Amelia S. Morey Kibbey, 1900.2 Samuel Morey was an inventor from Fairlee, Vermont and Orford, New Hampshire. He first began experimenting with steam power in the 1780s, and his first patent, in 1793, was for a steam-powered spit (for cooking food). In the early 1790s, he began to develop a steam engine that he ultimately used to power a small boat that he drove up and down the Connecticut River. Legend has it that he snuck out to test his craft early on a Sunday morning, while the rest of the town was at church, so that he would be spared embarrassment in case of failure. Morey continued to develop his ideas for steam-powered boats, but he was slow to patent them, and in the early 19th century Robert Fulton and Robert Livingston joined together to create the first steamship line in America. They have typically received credit for creating workable steam engines, though Morey disputed their claims and argued that they stole his ideas. Morey continued to invent throughout his life, and in the 1820s he invented and attempted to sell an early internal combustion engine. He failed to attract buyers, but beginning in the 1890s, many automobile inventors credited his work as an inspiration. This model of Morey’s original steam engine comes from the Morey family, and is one of the longest-tenured objects in our collections.
Name/Title
Steam Engine
Entry/Object ID
1900.2
Description
Metal enclosed cylinder with two handles opposite each other, near top edge. Rotating piston is mounted to the top. See worksheet file for additional information.
Context
Invented by Samuel Morey of Fairlee, who used it to power a small boat, this was one of the earliest working piston steam engines in America.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1900.2
Source or Donor
Kibbey, Amelia S. Morey
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Morey, Samuel (1762-1843)
1793
Materials
Tin, Brass
Relationships
Morey, Samuel (1762-1843)
Bradford
Still Bank
Interpretative Labels
Still Bank, 1975-1985 Vermont Castings (1975-present) Randolph, Vermont Cast iron In memory of Joseph & Laura Algar and Raymond H. Adams, 2008.38.6 Duncan Syme was one of many innovators and tinkerers drawn to Vermont during the 1970s. A Yale-trained architect, he worked out of his wood shop in Warren, VT with the goal of building a better wood-burning stove. His quest fused back-to-the-land values of self-reliance with a new awareness of renewable and more efficient sources of energy. Heating with wood was a new concept to many who came to Vermont from more temperate climates, and the learning curve was steep. Syme began production on his prototype and called it the “Defiant.” The company that grew around that original model was named Vermont Castings, headquartered in Randolph. Its growth was extraordinary – in five years, it was listed as the fastest growing stove company in America by Inc. The Defiant wasn’t just more efficient and better-constructed: it was elegant, combining art and practicality in a way that typified the spirit of invention at communes across Vermont.
Name/Title
Still Bank
Entry/Object ID
2008.38.6
Description
Still bank in the form of a Vermont Castings, Inc., Defiant wood stove. Has four legs and has the outline of doors on the front and on the side panels. Imprinted at the top on each side panel: "DEFIANT" and on the back along the bottom: "VERMONT CASTINGS INC". All sides, the top, and the bottom are cast separately and are puzzled together and held in place by a long bolt inserted into the bottom and threaded into the top interior. The coin slit is inside the short chimney.
Context
Produced by Vermont Castings, Inc. in Randolph, VT.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2008.38
Source or Donor
Adams, Alice Elizabeth Alger (1921-2007)
Acquisition Method
Gift
Credit Line
In memory of Joseph and Laura Algar and Raymond H. Adams
Made or Created
Vermont Castings, Inc.
1975-1985
Randolph
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Adams, Alice Elizabeth Alger (1921-2007)
Sword
Name/Title
Sword
Entry/Object ID
1949.5.2a-b
Description
Sword with straight blade and leather scabbard. The handles is wrapped in gold-toned wire, and the guard and pommel are unengraved. The scabbard has one stationary hook near the locket. The blade is stamped "US GWC 1864" and "Ames Co. Chicopee Mass."
Context
Owned by Maurice William Dewey of Montpelier, Vermont. Likely used by a family member during the Civil War.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1949.5
Source or Donor
Dewey, Breta Bringham
Acquisition Method
Loan
Made or Created
Ames Manufacturing Company
1864
Chicopee
Relationships
Dewey, Maurice William (1889-1944)
Montpelier
Civil War
Teapot
Name/Title
Teapot
Entry/Object ID
1959.37.44
Description
Pewter teapot. The pot has a circular foot and narrow neck. The body has a compressed lower bulge, incurved neck, and flared collar. The dome lid has a central finial handle. The handle is ebony. The bottom of the pot is marked "Smith & Co. / 11".
Context
Owned by Rachel Dodge Rugg in Londonderry, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1959.37
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Made or Created
Smith & Co.
Connecticut
Materials
Pewter
Relationships
Rugg, Rachel Dodge (1814-1871)
Londonderry
Theodolite
Name/Title
Theodolite
Entry/Object ID
1890.1a-b
Description
Brass theodolite with oval wooden box. The theodolite consists of a brass circle whose cut-out center is separated into four quadrants by straight lines. The whole is engraved with measuring lines and label numbers. The center bars are engraved with "Eldad Lewi" and "Doolitle Lunr 46".
Context
Said to have been used by Judge Nathaniel Chipman (1752-1843) to survey Tinmouth, VT in 1762.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1890.1
Source or Donor
Murray, George T.
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Doolittle, Isaac, Jr. (1759 - 1821)
1780-1810
New Haven
Materials
Wood, Brass
Relationships
Chipman, Nathaniel (1752-1843)
Tinmouth
Trade Sign
Name/Title
Trade Sign
Entry/Object ID
2020.7.1
Description
White metal sign with the inscription "HOSIERY/&/CORSETS/J.H./McLOUD/CO./HARDWICK." In the center of the sign is an illustration of late-19-century-style corset and a woman's leg wearing a high-heeled pump, stocking, and ruffled bloomer. The sign is riddled with bullet holes.
Context
Used in Hardwick, VT to advertise the store of J. H. McLoud, Co.
Acquisition
Accession Number
2020.7
Acquisition Method
Found in Collection
Made or Created
1890
Materials
Tin, Paint
Relationships
J. H. McLoud Co., McLoud, James Henry (1841-1918)
Hardwick
Tray
Name/Title
Tray
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.34
Description
Black toleware tray with a hand-painted design of red flowers and berries and green leaves around the border of the center. The edges of the tray flare upward. Overall the tray is rectangular, but the corners are cut off, giving it eight sides. The bottom is scratched with the inscription, "Sarah Rice's" in two places.
Context
Made by Sarah Rice in Reading, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1957.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
Artist
Rice, Sarah Sterling (1766-1864)
19th Century
Reading
Materials
Metal, Paint
Tray
Name/Title
Tray
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.35
Description
Black toleware tray with detailed painting of a peach, grapes, and leaves in the center. The rim of the tray flares upward and forms eight straight sides. The back is scratched with the inscription, "Irene Rice Woodstock / Oct. 10, 1819 / May the love of God be with you, through this World and the next" in cursive.
Context
Made by Irene Rice in Woodstock, Vermont
Acquisition
Accession Number
1957.1
Source or Donor
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Acquisition Method
Bequest
Made or Created
Rice, Irene (1793-1842)
1819
19th Century
Woodstock
Materials
Tin
Typewriter
Interpretative Labels
Permutation Typograph, ca. 1857 Benjamin Livermore Harland, VT Brass, steel Transfer from Hartland Historical Society, 1982.6.1 Benjamin Livermore’s “Permutation Typograph” is a kind of early typewriter. He was far from the first to develop a machine for writing; many others had been experimenting with and tweaking mechanical devices for typing for decades before him. Livermore, who lived in Hartland, patented his device and advertised it via pamphlets and public demonstrations. It’s not clear how widely it was produced. His innovation was in slimming down the device into something he could – and did – operate out of his own pocket. The six keys on the device could be used singly or in combination to select a letter or symbol, and could then type out notes in a kind of shorthand. The case held both type keys and a scroll of paper. A family member recalled that he used the device personally: “He would print with it in the dark. He usually carried it in his pocket and could print it there, placing his hand in such a position that his fingers rested on the keys. After taking down the conversation of those he met, he placed it under his pillow at night to catch any stray thoughts, as he termed it.” Livermore’s device, while not necessarily crucial in the larger story of printing, is a fascinating and highly personal story within that history. Livermore was a prolific inventor who also patented a machine for forming cement pipes and a boot crimper.
Name/Title
Typewriter
Entry/Object ID
1982.6.1
Description
Early typograph, or typewriter. Small rectangular metal box with six convex keys at one end in two rows, three to a row. The other end of the box is curved. The lid of the box opens to reveal an internal printing mechanism, with a roller for paper, printing keys, and levers. The device is broken and many of the internal components are loose; it’s not clear precisely how they would have fit together.
Context
Made and used by Benjamin Livermore of Hartland, VT.
Acquisition
Accession Number
1982.6
Source or Donor
Hartland Historical Society
Acquisition Method
Gift
Made or Created
Artist
Livermore, Benjamin
1857
Hartland
Materials
Brass, Steel

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