Vermont: 1820-1850


America: 1820-1850


Vermont's population is 235,966. Windsor is the largest town with 3,170 people.



The U. S. Congress passes the Missouri Compromise prohibiting slavery north of latitude 36 30' and balancing the number of free states and slave states.


Representatives from the Lowell, Massachusetts textile mills come to the state recruiting women to work in the mills.



Castleton Medical College opens in a new building that cost of $2,300.



The Champlain Canal opens connecting Lake Champlain to the Hudson River.

The first normal school for teacher training in America is opened in Concord by Samuel Hall.



John Quincy Adams is chosen president in a run-off election decided in U S. House of Representatives.

The American Temperance Society is founded at Boston.


Lafayette tours Vermont.



The Erie Canal opens, connecting the Hudson River to Buffalo, New York.


William Jarvis of Weathersfield attends the Harrisburg Convention in Pennsylvania which advocates a U. S. protective tariff that would benefit Vermont's sheep industry.



Former Presidents and Revolutionary leaders John Adams and Thomas Jefferson both die on July 4.


Abdiel Kent purchases land in Calais and within the next two years begins manufacturing shoes and boots.



The Anti-Masonic movement begins to gain support in Vermont.



Andrew Jackson is elected president. He doesn't win a single county in Vermont.


Spring flooding causes extensive damage in the state.

The population of Vermont is 280,652. Middlebury is the largest town with 3,468 people.



Thaddeus Fairbanks of St. Johnsbury patents his first scale.



Simeon and Jared Carter, Benson natives and missionaries for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) convert 100 Vermonters to the new religion.



South Carolina refuses to obey the federal tariff law believing it interferes with state's rights. President Jackson sends federal troops to South Carolina in preparation to enforce the law. Vice President John C. Calhoun of South Carolina resigns.


The first Catholic Church in Vermont is established in Burlington.

Rachel and Rowland Thomas Robinson are founding members of the Ferrisburgh Anti-Slavery Society.



Vermont's Anti-Slavery Society is formed.



Abolitionist Samuel May is mobbed and prevented from speaking in Montpelier.

Lamoille County is incorporated.



The Second Seminole War begins in Florida when U.S. troops try to force the tribe to move from their homeland. The Seminoles continue their resistance until 1842 when the U.S. abandons its removal efforts.


Vermont adopts a bicameral legislature (House and Senate) by amending the Vermont Constitution, replacing the appointed Governor's Council with an elected senate.

The Vermont Asylum for the Insane is founded in Brattleboro; during its first six years 424 patients are treated



The War of Texas Independence ends and the Republic of Texas is established.


The new State House, designed by Ammi Young, is completed in Montpelier.

The first blast furnace begins operations at Isaac Tyson Jr.'s iron mine near Plymouth.

Midget Weevils destroy the wheat crop.



A financial panic (rooted in the withdrawal of federal funds from the Bank of the United States) causes an economic depression.

Abolitionist editor, Elijah P. Lovejoy, is killed by a mob in Alton, Illinois.


John Humphrey Noyes founds his Perfectionist community in Putney.

Henry Stevens, Daniel Thompson, Oramel Smith and George Mansur found the Vermont Historical Society.



Cherokees are forcefully removed from their native territory, in Georgia, to Oklahoma leaving the "Trail of Tears." During this forced march by Federal troops more than 4,000 Cherokees die from disease and exhaustion.


Daniel Webster is greeted by more than 10,000 people at Stratton Mountain during the presidential campaign for Whig William Henry Harrison.

The population of Vermont is 291,948. Burlington is the largest city with 4,271 people. There are 1.5 million sheep in Vermont.



William Henry Harrison is elected president after a hard-fought campaign in which eighty percent of eligible voters cast ballots. He dies after only a month in office.


Northern Vermont is hit with epidemic of erysipelas. Over thirty people in Danville die from this disease of the skin and underlieing tissue.



Abolitionist Frederick Douglass is well received during his lecture tour of the state.

The followers of religious leader William Miller gather for the end of the world but nothing happens.

The Chambly Canal opens up a water route to Montreal from Lake Champlain.



The first liquor control law passes, fixing fees for licenses and establishing county commissioners to issue them.



Joseph Smith, leader of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, is killed in Illinois.


The Act for the Regulation of Common Schools is passed by the General Assembly calling for reforms in teacher training, supervision, and the quality of textbooks.



Texas is admitted to the Union as a slave state.



The Oregon Treaty is signed with Great Britain. Present-day Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and parts of Wyoming and Montana are acquired by the United States.

The United States goes to war with Mexico.


Irish workmen, building the railroad between Montpelier and Burlington, riot in Bolton after not being paid for a few months. The militia is called in, but everyone is calmed by a Catholic priest who is called to the scene. The workmen were never paid and work on the line stopped until 1849.



Vermont's first train passes on the twenty-seven miles of tracks from White River Junction to Bethel.



The Women's Rights Convention organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton is held at Seneca Falls, New York. They issue the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments, asserting that, "We hold these truths to be self evident that all men and women are created equal."

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican War. The U.S. acquires the new territory that will become California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah.


Vermont legislature declares slavery to be "a crime against humanity."



The gold rush begins in California with the discovery of ore at Sutter's Mill.


The population of Vermont is 314,120. Burlington is the largest city with 6,110 people.



The Fugitive Slave Act is passed by the U.S. Congress declaring it a federal offense to harboring an escaped slave.