Objects - Tools, Farm, and Home

Here you'll find the tools and materials of everyday life at home, at work, and at the farm. From kitchen scales and radios to ice saws and scythes, find everything that made life a little different.

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Andiron
Name/Title
Andiron
Entry/Object ID
1957.5ab
Description
Pair of iron andirons. The base of each curves upward into a scroll at the front and sits on a U-shaped support piece.
Context
Used in Grand Isle, Vermont
Acquisition
1957.5
Lexicon
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Grand Isle
County
Grand Isle County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Animal Brand
Name/Title
Animal Brand
Entry/Object ID
1942.9
Description
Wooden block carved into the letters "C.P" in reverse, similar to a stamp. A wooden handle protrudes from the other side.
Use
Used to brand livestock
Context
Owned by Calvin Peabody of Topsham, Vermont
Acquisition
1942.9
Made/Created
1866
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Peabody, Calvin C. (1836-1906)
Related Place
Town
Topsham
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Animal Brand
Interpretative Labels
Sheep Brands, c. 1850 Wood #1929.9.1a-c Sheared sheep were often marked with their owner’s initials by applying paint with wooden or metal brands.
Name/Title
Animal Brand
Entry/Object ID
1929.9.1a-c
Description
Three wooden brander carved into the letters H, E, and G. The handles are cut with the mark, "H B Lord". They appear to be unused.
Use
Used to mark livestock to indicate ownership
Acquisition
1929.9
Made/Created
circa 1850
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Apothecary Scale
Name/Title
Apothecary Scale
Entry/Object ID
1957.31.12
Description
Apothecary scale consisting of a balance frame, two round plates, and six weight. They are all contained with a wooden box.
Acquisition
1957.31
Lexicon
Apple Peeler
Interpretative Labels
Apple Peeler, 1825 Russell Hoyt Craftsbury, VT Wood, metal Gift of Clara Lucena Buswell, 1972.3.2 Apples have always been a core food product for Vermont, and many uses of apples require them to be peeled and cored. Introducing a mechanical device to the process speeds things up considerably, reducing the tedium of the task and preserving more of the apple’s flesh. There are dozens of potential variations on mechanical parers, including many commercially made variations (see 2014.60.1033 in this same exhibition). This apple parer is homemade and quite simple. It only performs one part of the process: turning the apple. The user would secure the long board part – possibly with clamps or possibly by sitting on it – and stick the apple onto the turning arm. Twirling the lever then rotates the apple, while the user would hold a knife steady to remove the peel. Notably, the tine where the apple would be stuck appears to be a repurposed kitchen implement. Russell Hoyt of Craftsbury made this apple parer sometime in the 19th century, and passed it down through his family.
Name/Title
Apple Peeler
Entry/Object ID
1972.3.2
Description
Flat wooden board that narrows slightly at one end. On that narrower end are two pieces of wood carved to arch over another wooden cylinder. The two pieces are attached to the board with metal nails at either end.

The wooden cylinder has a handle at one end and metal tines at the other that appears to have been made from a dining fork.
Context
Made and used by Russell Hoyt of Craftsbury, VT
Acquisition
1972.3
Made/Created
Artist
Hoyt, Russell (1805-1890)
1825
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Apple Peeler
Interpretative Labels
Apple Peeler, circa 1856 Horatio Keyes (1830-1904) Leominster, MA Cast iron, steel Barre History Collection, #2014.60.1033 Apples have always been a core food product for Vermont, and many uses of apples require them to be peeled and cored. Introducing a mechanical device to the process speeds things up considerably, reducing the tedium of the task and preserving more of the apple’s flesh. There are dozens of potential variations on mechanical parers, including many homemade variations (see 1972.3.2 in this same exhibition), but this variation, patented by Horatio Keyes in 1856, introduced the idea of moving the paring arm around the apple via a geared turntable, a huge leap forward in speed and convenience.
Name/Title
Apple Peeler
Entry/Object ID
2014.60.1033
Description
Metal device known as an apple peeler or parer.

On one end, a vise with a wingnut screw holds the device to a flat surface such as a table or counter. On the side a wooden handle turns a large gear. That gear is connected via two more gears to a center column on a spring, with a horizontal blade at the end. It is also connected to a central shaft at the top of the parer with a three-pronged end.

On the base gear, from which the center column extends, is written “Patented – By H. Keyes June 17 & Dec. 16, 1856.”

When the handle is turned, it activates both the blade and the pronged end. An apple held on the pronged end would rotate around its core while the central blade would move to peel different parts of the apple on a cycle.
Context
Patented and produced by Horatio Keyes in Leominster, MA, 1856-1857.
Acquisition
2014.60
Made/Created
Keyes, Horatio J. (1830-1904)
circa 1856
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Ashtray
Name/Title
Ashtray
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.31a-e
Description
Ashtray in the shape of a birdbath. The base of the ashtray is turned wood in the shape of a stem glass or pedestal and is printed with the words, "Beach Have, N. J." A small, clear glass dish fits into the top of the base. Two blue-painted wooden birds sit on the edge of the base piece, attaching with small wooden dowels. The ashtray is in its original box, which is printed on the side with an image of a maple leaf and the label, "Newtco MAPLYNE". The top is printed in black with rectangles blocking the original red label, and the black words, "1 Pc. No. 948 BIRD BATH ASH TRAY".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Glass, Cardboard
Ashtray
Name/Title
Ashtray
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.37ab
Description
Small ashtray consisting of a shallow glass dish set into a round wooden stand. The stand has spokes evenly placed around the edge to look like a ship's wheel. The stand is on three peg feet, turned in the same way as the spokes.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Ashtray
Name/Title
Ashtray
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.36ab
Description
Small wooden ashtray with napkin holder. The ashtray is round with spokes to look like a ship's wheel. The center is hollowed out and a clear glass dish is placed inside. At the back is a raised semicircular portion with a slot cut across the center for holding napkins.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Glass
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1d
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made/Created
1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1e
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made/Created
1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1f
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made/Created
1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1g
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made/Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1h
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and curved metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made/Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1j
Description
Awl with bulbous, turned wooden handle and short metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made/Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1k
Description
Awl with turned wooden handle and straight metal spike.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made/Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1975.34a-e
Description
Set of five awls, each with turned wooden handle and slightly curved metal spikes.
Acquisition
1975.34
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Iron
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1982.15.1ab
Description
Harness maker's awl with a hollow, turned wood handle. The end of the handle unscrews and holds five interchangeable tips, one of which is a screwdriver.
Context
Used in Randolph, Vermont
Acquisition
1982.15
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1982.15.2
Description
Short-spiked awl with turned own handle. The end of the handle is reinforced with a metal ring.
Context
Used in Randolph, Vermont
Acquisition
1982.15
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl
Name/Title
Awl
Entry/Object ID
1982.15.3
Description
Harness maker's awl with a turned wooden handle. The handle flares outward to the end and is molded with indent, creating a knob on the end. The tip is set almost perpendicularly into the handle, and the end is curved.
Context
Used in Randolph, Vermont
Acquisition
1982.15
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Awl Bits
Name/Title
Awl Bits
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1m
Description
Box contains seven Awl bits and 30 metal shoe pegs.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made/Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Ax
Name/Title
Ax
Entry/Object ID
1992.42
Description
Double-bitted axe with wooden handle. The blade is sharpened on both sides with the handle inserted in the center. The far end of the handle flares out.
Context
Made by the Rixford Company of East Highgate, Vermont. Owned by William Osgood of Northfield, Vermont, and Shelburne, Vermont.
Acquisition
1992.42
Made/Created
Rixford's Scythes and Axes
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Shelburne
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Ax
Name/Title
Ax
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.15
Description
Single bitted steel axe with wooden handle marked "R37/ RIXFORD /3"
Context
Made in Highgate, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made/Created
Rixford's Scythes and Axes
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Baby Carriage
Name/Title
Baby Carriage
Entry/Object ID
1971.11.3
Description
Silver-painted wicker baby carriage. The body of the carriage is formed from wicker, both woven and bent and curlicues. There is an padded seat toward the back of the body, with tufted upholstery in gold silk damask. There are four, large wheels. A large lace umbrella attaches to the carriage and back right, shielding the passenger from sunlight.
Context
Used to push Warren Bailey Lowe in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1971.11
Made/Created
circa 1895
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall (no umbrella)
Materials
Wood, Wicker, Silk, Silk, Lace, Metal
Relationships
Lowe, Warren Bailey (1895-1968)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Balance Scale
Name/Title
Balance Scale
Entry/Object ID
2021.28.1
Description
Balance scale consisting of a horizontal bar balanced on two vertical supports. The base is shaped like an arrowhead. A round, wire holder hangs from a hook on one end of the bar. The center of the bar is marked with hash lines.
Context
Made by Fairbanks Scales in St. Johnsbury, Vermont
Acquisition
2021.28
Made/Created
Fairbanks Scales
1878
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Balance Scale
Name/Title
Balance Scale
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.3
Description
Metal balance scale consisting of a bar with a pear-shaped weight at one end and three hooks at the other end.
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Balance Scale
Name/Title
Balance Scale
Entry/Object ID
1952.19
Description
Metal balance scale consisting of a bar with a pear-shaped weight at one end and three hooks at the other end.
Acquisition
1952.19
Lexicon
Bale Markers
Name/Title
Bale Markers
Entry/Object ID
2021.5.33a-y
Description
25 metal bale markers. The markers are small metal circles, each stamped with a number or initials.
Use
Used to mark freight during shipment on trains
Context
Marked with station codes of train stations within and surrounding Vermont
Acquisition
2021.5
Lexicon
Materials
Lead
Bale Seal
Name/Title
Bale Seal
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.11
Description
Round metal disk with the number 116 impressed in the center.
Acquisition
2017.3
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Ballpoint Pen
Name/Title
Ballpoint Pen
Entry/Object ID
2000.19.8
Description
Blue and white retractable ballpoint pen with white lettering that reads, "Trinity College of Vermont".
Context
Made for Trinity College of Vermont, a college in Burlington, Vermont, from 1925 to 2000.
Acquisition
2000.19
Made/Created
2000
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Plastic
Relationships
Trinity College of Vermont
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Band Saw
Name/Title
Band Saw
Entry/Object ID
1976.14.1
Description
Large wooden band saw. The saw sits on a wooden base with holes to bolt to the floor. There are two wheels above and below the work table that move the band saw blade. The side is stenciled with the words, "Mfg by F. Grout, Derby, VT. Patent applied for."
Context
Made by B. F. Grout in Derby, Vermont
Acquisition
1976.14
Made/Created
B. F. Grout
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Iron
Bandbox
Name/Title
Bandbox
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.172
Description
Wooden bandbox with lid that comes off. Writing on the top says it was sent by a couple from Carolles, which is located on the northern coast of France. The lid has come apart.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Bandbox
Name/Title
Bandbox
Entry/Object ID
1972.28.16ab
Description
Round box with removable lid. The box is covered in wallpaper printed with a blue and white floral border design. The center top of the lid has an oval 3/4-length portrait of a man wearing a suit. The interior of the lid is lined with a newspaper dated 1863.
Context
Owned by Melvina Angeline Smith Maxham in Middlesex, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.28
Made/Created
1863
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cardboard, Paper
Relationships
Maxham, Melvina Angeline Smith (1839-1907)
,
Bandbox
Name/Title
Bandbox
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.208a-b
Description
Oval bandbox covered in printed wallpaper. The wallpaper is printed with a maple leaf pattern in green, red, and orange.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1983.12.1a-b
Description
Covered basket made in the Abenaki tradition. It has slightly flared sides and a deep lid. A row of cowis (3 dimensional woven curls) is around the bottom, and another double row about midway up the basket. The cover also has a double row of cowis. The basket has a solid ash handle, about 1/2" wide. The inside rim of basket shows a single row of purple dyed ash.
Context
Made by an unrecorded Abenaki artisan, and owned by Carroll White in South Walden, VT
Acquisition
1983.12
Made/Created
1865-1900
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
White, Carroll Henry (1876-1934)
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1921.1
Description
Round birchbark basket. The basket is formed from a single piece of birchbark, stitched in four seams to form a bowl. The edge is whip stitched. It is coated in a modern varnished that is yellowed.
Context
Said to have belonged to Ira Allen.
Acquisition
1921.1
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Birch
Relationships
Allen, Ira (1751-1814)
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.1
Description
Rectangular basket made from thin wooden splints. The basket is stamped around the top and bottom with a quatrefoil design, and one splint near the top is dyed blue.
Context
Made in Vernon, Vermont
Acquisition
2017.3
Made/Created
circa 1840
Ethnography
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.2
Description
Basket with a round top and square bottom. The basket is made from thin splints of wood in varying width, and the outside is decorated with woven loops, or cowis. It is signed in ink on the bottom, "Leland Krook/Sept 1903".
Context
Made by Leland Krook in Vermont in 1903.
Acquisition
2017.3
Made/Created
Artist
Krook, Leland
Sep 1903
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.3
Description
Round basket with deep, round cover. The basket is made from thin splints of wood in consistent widths with a row of woven loops, or cowis, decorating the center. The basket is dated in ink on the bottom, "June 1943".
Context
Made a member of the LaPan in Vermont in 1943.
Acquisition
2017.3
Made/Created
Jun 1943
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Basket, 1840-1860 Abenaki Cambridge, Vermont Ash Gift of Frederick M. Wiseman, #2017.3.4 Vermont Abenaki families from ancient Indigenous communities such as Missisquoi and Koas, as well as from smaller and more dispersed enclaves in the northeastern and southeastern parts of the state, were extremely important to early 19th century Vermont commerce and transportation. Travel in the summer on lakes and rivers took place in locally produced bark canoes, while winter journeys were often made on snowshoes while pulling bentwood toboggans built by Abenaki. Indigenous-made utilitarian and decorative ash splint baskets held everything from produce to bonnets and could be found for sale in many general stores.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.4
Description
Long, rectangular basket woven from thin wooden splints. The splints are narrow and the top and bottom of the basket, with two wide splits running along the center. The wide splints are painted with an alternating pattern of a green leaf and a pink and yellow arch.
Context
Made in Cambridge, Vermont
Acquisition
2017.3
Made/Created
1840-1860
Ethnography
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2004.18.1a-b
Description
Round basket and lid woven from split and plaited sweetgrass. The Lid is woven in alternating sections of black-dyed weavers and plaited sweetgrass with six splint loops at the center. The basket is made of black-dyed splint weavers at the bottom and plaited sweetgrass at the top.
Context
Owned by the Martin and Johnson families of Plainfield, Vermont
Acquisition
2004.18
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Sweetgrass, Wood
Relationships
Dole, Sylvia Johnson (1940-2008)
Related Place
Town
Plainfield
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2004.18.2
Description
Round splint basket accented with sweetgrass. The basket has red and blue dyed weavers, worked in 1/3 and 2/3 of the way down the basket. There are two plaited handles on either side that are tied together with a piece of jute.
Acquisition
2004.18
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dole, Sylvia Johnson (1940-2008)
Related Place
Town
Plainfield
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2013.4.3
Description
Ash splint basket decorated all over the exterior with red-dyed curl work. The top part of the basket is round, and it sits on a square base. The shoulder between the upper portion and the base is reinforced with the use of narrower weavers. The rim is lashed with 1/4"-wide splint. There is a penciled "X" at the center bottom and pencil lines radiating outward from the center to each of the four sides of the base.
Context
Attributed to Seymour L. Morehouse of Westford, Vermont
Acquisition
2013.4
Made/Created
Artist
Morehouse, Seymour Lamson (1822-1908)
Attribution
Attributed to
circa 1895
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Splint
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2009.47
Description
Splint basket with rounded sides pulling in a bit at the top. The rim is two half round pieces of wood that sandwich the top of the stakes. It is lashed with 1/4" wide splint. There are two elongated metal "U" shaped pieces that are tightly lashed into the rim on opposite sides of the round top. The rounded bottoms stick up above the rim and lower legs fold over the bottom of the rim. The metal bail handle loops into the "U". The basket's ribs (20x2) are narrower at the bottom and top and wider in the middle giving the basket a round shape. Written in pencil on the bottom of the basket is the inscription "Seymour Lamson Morehouse / Westford Vermont / His Make"
Context
Made by Seymour Lamson Morehouse in Westford, Vermont
Acquisition
2009.47
Made/Created
Artist
Morehouse, Seymour Lamson (1822-1908)
1880-1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint, Metal
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1976.10.11
Description
Brown ash basket with attached cover and rigid upright handle.
Context
Owned by Ebenezer and Rozell Huntoon Peaslee, likely in New Hampshire
Acquisition
1976.10
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
Peaslee, Rozill A. Huntoon (1819-1902), Peaslee, Ebenezer (1816-1859)
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1973.12.1
Description
Small, round basket made of brown ash splints with a wooden handle. The edge is reinforced with bent wood strips nailed on the interior and exterior. The outside of the rim and center bottom rib are marked "P-2-41 / 200" in pencil.
Context
Made by Bell Sweetser Perry of Waterbury, Vermont
Acquisition
1973.12
Made/Created
Artist
Perry, Ida Belle Sweetser (1891-1985)
1918
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
,
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1973.12.2
Description
Half bushel basket made of brown ash splint. The basket has a wooden handle that can swivel on two u-shaped wooden pieces.
Use
Belle Sweetser used this basket for the "baby wash".
Context
Made by Sam Sweetser as a wedding gift to Belle Sweetser and Sam Perry in Waterbury, Vermont, 1909.
Acquisition
1973.12
Made/Created
Artist
Sweetser, Sam
1909
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
Perry, Ida Belle Sweetser (1891-1985)
Related Place
Town
Stowe
County
Lamoille County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.26.3
Description
Oval basket with cover. The cover is hinged with two small strips of willow. The basket sides and the center of the lid are decorated with woven loops, or cowis.
Context
Owned by Katie Allen Vail of Danby, Vermont.
Acquisition
1975.26
Made/Created
1872
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Vail, Katie Allen
Related Place
Town
Danby
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.496
Description
Tall basket of woven birch bark. The base of the basket is square while the opening is round.
Context
Made by Anna Miettinen in Bethel, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.496
Made/Created
Artist
Miettinen, Anna
circa 1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Birch
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1986.16.1a-b
Description
Splint basket with two handles and a cover. The basket flares out in the middle and again slightly at the top. It has a rectangular cover and base. The center line of the basket and the sides of the cover are decorated with woven loops or cowis. The two handles attach to large loops, allowing them to move. The interior is marked, "HGA" and "HG Allen".
Acquisition
1986.16
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1982.5.1a-b
Description
Urn-shaped basket of woven brown ash split. The body of the basket is very narrow at the base, flaring outward dramatically to the top quarter, the curving back inward. The lid is a shallow round, significantly larger than the basket's opening. The rigid, stationery handle attaches to the basket at the widest point.
Context
Made by Newton Everett Washburn of Stowe, Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.5
Made/Created
Artist
Washburn, Newton Everett (1915-2011)
1982
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2014.31.1
Description
Rectangular basket with a solid wooden base and flaring sides. The sides are woven from round reeds and topped with a plait of reeds. The vertical ribs are inserted into holes drilled through the base. There is a paper label on the bottom of the basket that reads, "ARTICLE NO . . . . . From S. B. SMITH. Manufacturer of Reed AND Rattan Chairs, Montpelier, Vermont.
Context
Made by S. B. Smith in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
2014.31
Made/Created
S. B. Smith
1890-1910
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Reed
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2014.31.2
Description
Rectangular basket with a solid wooden base and flaring sides. The sides are woven from round reeds and topped with a plait of reeds. The vertical ribs are inserted into holes drilled through the base.
Context
Made by S. B. Smith in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
2014.31
Made/Created
S. B. Smith
1890-1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Reed, Wood
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Abenaki Basket, Early 20th Century Addison County Ash Museum Purchase, #1990.33.1 Abenakis lived in communities throughout Vermont with village centers at Swanton and Highgate. They continued to maintain cultural identity and tradition in the face of new history publications that falsely erased them from the historical record and programs such as the Eugenics Survey that sought to remove them physically from the general population. Abenaki people long participated in Vermont’s economy through the sale of goods and services. Some of the most iconic and recognizable goods included baskets, snowshoes, and canoes. The Sweetser family of Morrisville, with their unique baskets of a blended Abenaki and European design, went from local to national renown when wealthy tourists and collectors sought their products. The Obomsawin family, headed by patriarch Simon, made a name for themselves selling handcrafts to tourists visiting the exclusive Cedar Beach resort community on Lake Champlain. Abenaki throughout the region sold traditional goods and served as guides for fishermen and hunters in the Green and White Mountains, and Quebec. To externally express an “Indian” identity, some Abenaki adopted dress based on that of Western Indians as this imagery was most recognizable to non-Abenaki residents and visitors.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.1
Description
Abenaki-style basket with three rows of curls or cowis on the sides. The basket is formed into a square, with narrow weavers toward the base and three wide weavers forming the bulk of the sides. The top edge is reinforced with thicker splint. The cowis were red but are now faded on the exterior.
Context
Made by an unrecorded Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
1990.33
Made/Created
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Ash Splint
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.2
Description
Round coiled basket made of pine needles. The basket is filled with miscellaneous material, included spools of thread, buttons, plastic charms, a pencil, paper hearts, a money clip, and metal Red Cross clip-on buttons.
Context
Made by an unidentified Abenaki craftsperson in Addison County, Vermont
Acquisition
1990.33
Made/Created
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Raffia, Pine
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Abenaki Basket, Early 20th Century Addison County Sweetgrass Museum Purchase, #1990.33.3 Abenakis lived in communities throughout Vermont with village centers at Swanton and Highgate. They continued to maintain cultural identity and tradition in the face of new history publications that falsely erased them from the historical record and programs such as the Eugenics Survey that sought to remove them physically from the general population. Abenaki people long participated in Vermont’s economy through the sale of goods and services. Some of the most iconic and recognizable goods included baskets, snowshoes, and canoes. The Sweetser family of Morrisville, with their unique baskets of a blended Abenaki and European design, went from local to national renown when wealthy tourists and collectors sought their products. The Obomsawin family, headed by patriarch Simon, made a name for themselves selling handcrafts to tourists visiting the exclusive Cedar Beach resort community on Lake Champlain. Abenaki throughout the region sold traditional goods and served as guides for fishermen and hunters in the Green and White Mountains, and Quebec. To externally express an “Indian” identity, some Abenaki adopted dress based on that of Western Indians as this imagery was most recognizable to non-Abenaki residents and visitors.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.3a-b
Description
Square sweetgrass and splint basket. The splines and some weavers have been dyed red. Halfway up the sides of the basket are rows splint weavers creating a 3/4-inch stripe. The lid also has a 3/4"-inch stripe of red splint weavers across the center. The handle is braided sweetgrass that is anchored on both ends with loops of sweetgrass attaching back at the anchor. The edges are bound bundles of sweetgrass attached with a narrow red splint. The contents of basket include ribbon sewn into a pocket/sachet, embroidery floss, a lace medallion, a ring box, tissue paper, plastic, crocheted lace, ribbon and more.
Context
Made by an unrecorded Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
1990.33
Made/Created
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Sweetgrass, Ash Splint
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Abenaki Basket, Early 20th Century Addison County Ash, sweetgrass Museum Purchase, #1990.33.4 Abenakis lived in communities throughout Vermont with village centers at Swanton and Highgate. They continued to maintain cultural identity and tradition in the face of new history publications that falsely erased them from the historical record and programs such as the Eugenics Survey that sought to remove them physically from the general population. Abenaki people long participated in Vermont’s economy through the sale of goods and services. Some of the most iconic and recognizable goods included baskets, snowshoes, and canoes. The Sweetser family of Morrisville, with their unique baskets of a blended Abenaki and European design, went from local to national renown when wealthy tourists and collectors sought their products. The Obomsawin family, headed by patriarch Simon, made a name for themselves selling handcrafts to tourists visiting the exclusive Cedar Beach resort community on Lake Champlain. Abenaki throughout the region sold traditional goods and served as guides for fishermen and hunters in the Green and White Mountains, and Quebec. To externally express an “Indian” identity, some Abenaki adopted dress based on that of Western Indians as this imagery was most recognizable to non-Abenaki residents and visitors.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.4a-b
Description
Small splint and sweetgrass basket. The sides of the basket are decorated with splint loops, or cowis. The splines were dark green (color visible on the bottom and interior) but have faded significantly. The round lid or cover is all sweetgrass woven through very narrow splint splines.

The basket was given with its contents, which include: hairpins, mother of pearl buttons, seashells, straight pins, a small button reading "The Kings Business", and other miscellania.
Context
Made by an unnamed Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont.
Acquisition
1990.33
Made/Created
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Sweetgrass, Ash Splint
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Abenaki Basket, Early 20th Century Addison County Ash, sweetgrass Museum Purchase, #1990.33.5 Abenakis lived in communities throughout Vermont with village centers at Swanton and Highgate. They continued to maintain cultural identity and tradition in the face of new history publications that falsely erased them from the historical record and programs such as the Eugenics Survey that sought to remove them physically from the general population. Abenaki people long participated in Vermont’s economy through the sale of goods and services. Some of the most iconic and recognizable goods included baskets, snowshoes, and canoes. The Sweetser family of Morrisville, with their unique baskets of a blended Abenaki and European design, went from local to national renown when wealthy tourists and collectors sought their products. The Obomsawin family, headed by patriarch Simon, made a name for themselves selling handcrafts to tourists visiting the exclusive Cedar Beach resort community on Lake Champlain. Abenaki throughout the region sold traditional goods and served as guides for fishermen and hunters in the Green and White Mountains, and Quebec. To externally express an “Indian” identity, some Abenaki adopted dress based on that of Western Indians as this imagery was most recognizable to non-Abenaki residents and visitors.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1990.33.5a-b
Description
Small sweetgrass basket and cover. Both the round basket and round cover are sweetgrass woven around purple-dyed splints. An additional purple-dyed splint reinforces the basket's opening. The central loop of the lid was once purple, but has significantly faded.
Context
Made by an unnamed Abenaki artisan in Addison, Vermont
Acquisition
1990.33
Made/Created
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Sweetgrass, Ash Splint
Basket
Interpretative Labels
Gertrude Lepine of Morrisville recalled that her mother, Imelda lepine, traded a pair of mittens she knitted with Frank Sweetser for this basket. The Sweetser family of Waterbury was a prolific basket-making family. At least three generations of the family wove baskets during the winter and then sold them in and around Morristown, Stowe, and Waterbury. Oral and written history from the Sweetsers document that Gilman Sweetser was "part Indian" and he married Lydia Hall a Abenakis Indian. John Sweetser said that it was his grandfather Gilman, "that showed the whole of us how to make baskets." In addition to this basket VHS owns examples made by John Sweetser and by father and daughter, Samuel Sweetser and Belle Sweetser Perry, John's uncle and cousin.
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2010.71
Description
Round basket with a square base and bale handle. The basket is woven with flat pieces of wood (splits) and has stripes in green and red. The rim around the top is nailed, as is the handle.
Context
Made by Frank Sweetser of Morrisville, VT in exchange for a pair of mittens made by Imelda Lepine.
Acquisition
2010.71
Made/Created
Sweetser, Frank R. (1888-1950)
1930-1950
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Lepine, Imelda R. (1899-1994), Sweetser, Frank R. (1888-1950)
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2011.16
Description
Large basket with Sweetser-style bottom. The basket is woven of wooden splints, and the top edge is reinforced with nailed-on splits at both the exterior and interior. There are two U-shaped handles on either side of the rim.
Context
Likely made by a member of the Sweetser family
Acquisition
2011.16
Made/Created
1920-1930
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
,
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1960.6.3
Description
Oval-shaped wicker basket. The basket is woven of groups of 7 wicker reeds held in a plain weave, giving a scalloped effect to the top edge.
Context
Used on Governor Samuel Craft's desk
Acquisition
1960.6
Made/Created
circa 1828
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wicker
Relationships
Crafts, Samuel Chandler (1768-1853)
,
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.500
Description
Double-welled basket made of pine roots and branches. The basket has a stationary wooden handle across the top.
Context
Made by August Keen of Stowe, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.500
Made/Created
Artist
Keen, August
circa 1940
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Pine
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1951.41
Description
Oval woven basket with a central handle. The basket has two hinged lids that open on either edge, hinging across the center beneath the handle.
Acquisition
1951.41
Lexicon
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
2021.32.1a-b
Description
Large bushel basket with Sweetser-style bottom. The bottom is woven of wooden splints, and the top edge is reinforced with multiple splints wrapped with another narrow splint. Where the splint wrapping is missing, it has been replaced with wire. One of the U-shaped handles is no longer attached.
Context
Made by a member of the Sweetser family. Owned by a member of the Dopp family in South Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
2021.32
Made/Created
Ethnography
Lexicon
Materials
Ash Splint
Relationships
Related Place
City
South Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1957.21
Description
Large, shallow basket loosely woven from ash splints in a caning pattern.
Acquisition
1957.21
Lexicon
Dimensions
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1975.501
Description
Round-bottomed basket made with pine roots and branches. There is a stationary wooden handle across the top.
Context
Made by August Keen of Stowe, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.501
Made/Created
Keen, August
1945
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Pine
Basket
Name/Title
Basket
Entry/Object ID
1965.24
Description
Round-bodied basket with moveable handle. The basket is formed with U-bent splines.
Context
Owned by Moses Vilas of Johnson, Vermont
Acquisition
1965.24
Made/Created
circa 1855
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Vilas, Moses
Related Place
Town
Johnson
County
Lamoille County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bed Warmer
Name/Title
Bed Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1967.99
Description
Bed warmer, or free stone, made of a large, square piece of soapstone. A heavy-gauge wire is inserted into the sides and bent to form a handle.
Use
Bed warmers such as these would be heated on the stove, then wrapped in flannel and inserted between the sheets to warm up a bed.
Context
Used by the Karl E. Carter family in Corinth, Vermont
Acquisition
1967.99
Made/Created
circa 1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Soapstone, Metal, Metal
Relationships
Carter, Karl E.
Related Place
Town
Corinth
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bed Warmer
Name/Title
Bed Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.175
Description
A bed warmer with a long wooden handle and a metal pan with holes on the top. The lid on the pan opens to allow for inserting whatever would create heat -- coals? rocks?
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Wood
Bed Warmer
Name/Title
Bed Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1921.3
Description
Bed warmer consisting of a round pan and long wooden handle. The pan has an attached lid that hinges open at the handle. The lid is pierced with circles in a pattern of four daisies.
Acquisition
1921.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Bed Warmer
Name/Title
Bed Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1950.24.1
Description
Bed warmer consisting of a mottled, rectangular soapstone block with a wire handle.
Use
After being heating in or near a fire, the stone would have been placed between the sheets of a bed prior to a person going to bed.
Acquisition
1950.24
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Soapstone
Bee Box
Name/Title
Bee Box
Entry/Object ID
1989.21.3
Description
Wooden box with a protruding upper handle. The front of the box has a round hole at the center top and a sliding panel with three finger indentations at the bottom. The left side has a small pull-out drawer with a round wooden knob. The drawer sits under the round hole. The inside of the top sliding panel is signed, "Geo. Pierce". The back of the box is inscribed with three circles.
Context
Made by George Pierce of Waitsfield, Vermont
Acquisition
1989.21
Made/Created
Artist
Pierce, George
1860-1960
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Waitsfield
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Beeswax
Name/Title
Beeswax
Entry/Object ID
1966.15.47
Description
Irregularly shaped lump of beeswax. The wax is incised in several places across the top from waxing thread.
Context
Used in Northfield, Vermont
Acquisition
1966.15
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Northfield
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bell
Name/Title
Bell
Entry/Object ID
1953.52.6
Description
Round, ball-shaped bell. There are four holes holes punched around the top, and the bottom is slitted. There is a metal ball inside and a square bracket at the top.
Context
Used by Enoch Day in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.52
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Day, Enoch (1803-1881)
Related Place
Town
Ludlow
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bell
Name/Title
Bell
Entry/Object ID
1965.27
Description
Large bell held in a cast iron frame. The upper portion of the frame sits in to vertical posts, allowing the bell to be swung by pulling the large handle on the left side. It is molded with the inscription, "Manchester Locomotive". The whole is attached to a square pedestal with the label, "Bell from locomotive "Arthur Tandy", ca. 1890 Montpelier and Wells River Railroad.
Context
From a train on the Montpelier and Wells River Railroad in Vermont.
Acquisition
1965.27
Made/Created
1890-1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Bell
Name/Title
Bell
Entry/Object ID
1953.52.7
Description
Small metal bell, with the clapper intact.
Context
Owned by Enoch Day of Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.52
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Day, Enoch (1803-1881)
Related Place
Town
Ludlow
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Block
Name/Title
Block
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.154
Description
Small rectangular block of light-colored wood with hole in one end, possibly for inserting a file point.; homemade; 3 ½" x ¾".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Block Plane
Name/Title
Block Plane
Entry/Object ID
1957.7.48
Description
Plane consisting of a rounded block of wood with a hole in the center for a metal blade. The blade is held in place by a wooden wedge.
Use
Used to scrape a wooden board flat
Acquisition
1957.7
Lexicon
Blotter
Name/Title
Blotter
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.6
Description
Book of blotter paper tied with ribbon. The celluloid cover features a design of three dancing kittens. Each page of blotter paper is printed with an advertisement. The
There are three dancing kittens and some song notes on the celluloid cover. Inside each blotter advertises a different patent medicine.
Use
Used to soak up wet ink
Acquisition
1958.1
Made/Created
Dwight Tuxbury & Sons.
1895-1898
Lexicon
Materials
Paper
Relationships
Tuxbury, Dwight (1821-1898)
Blotter
Name/Title
Blotter
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.4
Description
Ink blotter in the shape of a medicine bottle. The blotter shows a green bottle filled with round tablets and a reproduction of the label on a bottle of Lactopeptine tablets. The face has several ink marks, including the word "Rugg" written across the center.
Context
Owned by Harold G. Rugg in Hartford, VT
Acquisition
1958.1
Made/Created
New York Pharmacal Association
20th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wool
Relationships
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Board Game
Name/Title
Board Game
Entry/Object ID
1995.4.2
Description
Benningtonopoly modeled after the Monopoly game. The set consists of a branded box, board, cards, fake money, and round plastic tokens. The game is set up like a traditional Monopoly game, with spaces around the edge of the board representing places in Bennington, Vermont.
Context
Produced as a souvenir for Bennington, Vermont.
Acquisition
1995.4
Made/Created
1995
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cotton
Relationships
Related Place
City
Bennington
County
Bennington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Related Event
Vermont Bicentennial
Bobbin
Name/Title
Bobbin
Entry/Object ID
2020.26.3
Description
Long black bobbin. The bobbin has a metal cap at the top and steps outward to form a cone at the bottom. There are small holes drilled throughout.
Context
Made by Burlington Bobbin Mill in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.26
Made/Created
Burlington Bobbin Mill
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Bobbin
Name/Title
Bobbin
Entry/Object ID
2020.26.4
Description
Cylindrical green bobbin. The bobbin has a brass cap at the top and silver-toned metal base. There are ridges molded into the shaft of the bobbin every 3/4-inch.
Context
Made by Burlington Bobbin Mill in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.26
Made/Created
Burlington Bobbin Mill
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Bolts
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Bolts
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.105a-f
Description
Three bolts and three wingnuts. The bolts have large, flat heads.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bookend
Name/Title
Bookend
Entry/Object ID
1945.6
Description
Carved wooden figure of a man in Philippine warrior dress, consisting of a belt with a long center front panel hanging to the knees. He has a "bowl" haircut. His left hand is pressed against a large shield panel, and his right hand is holding a long-shafted weapon (removable).
Context
Purchased in the Philippines by Miss Fiske while working as a missionary.
Acquisition
1945.6
Made/Created
circa 1935
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Country
Philippines
Continent
Boot Hook
Name/Title
Boot Hook
Entry/Object ID
1924.1a-b
Description
Boot hook consisting of a heavy-gauge metal wire bent into a hook shape and inserted perpendicular to a white bone handle.
Use
Used to help pull on boots.
Acquisition
1924.1
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Boot Stretcher
Name/Title
Boot Stretcher
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.4ab
Description
Two wooden boot stretchers. The stretchers consist of a piece of wood shaped into a curved L with notches at the heel.
Acquisition
1965.20
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Bootjack
Name/Title
Bootjack
Entry/Object ID
1929.3.1
Description
Bootjack formed from a single board of wood. The wood is cut into the shape of a Y, tapering almost to a point at one end and splitting into two points at the other.
Use
Used to help remove boots
Context
Owned by Epaphrus "Bull" Chase
Acquisition
1929.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Chase, Epaphrus "Bull" (1801-1867)
Bottle
Name/Title
Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.121ab
Description
Turned wooden bottle with screw-on lid. The bottle is ink stained around the opening and on the inside of the lid.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Bottle Cover
Name/Title
Bottle Cover
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.120
Description
Wooden bottle cover with glass bottle inside. The cover is turned with four beads around the top and bottom of the bottle. The glass bottle is held in the cover by a screw-on metal lid.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Bottle Cover
Name/Title
Bottle Cover
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.122
Description
Wooden, jug-shaped bottle cover with a glass bottle inside. The bottle is held into the cover with a metal cap. The cover has a chip, which may be from a missing handle.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Bottle Cover
Name/Title
Bottle Cover
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.123a-b
Description
Turned wooden bottle cover with clear glass bottle. The cover has straight sides that taper inward toward the top. The bottom is made from a separate piece that is slightly bulbous. The bottle has straight sides, and the top is molded for a screw-on cap.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.30ab
Description
Wooden trinket box in the shape of a wheelbarrow or wagon. The box has two disk wheels and a peg stand. The side opposite the wheels has a horizontal handle spanning the width. The whole is painted red, and the lid is printed with the words, "Randolph, Vt."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.116ab
Description
Small rectangular box with a sliding lid and a stamp. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.117ab
Description
Small square box with a sliding lid and a stamp. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints. There is a small line carved into the end of the lid to grip while opening. There is a piece of paper inserted into the box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.99ab
Description
Cylindrical, turned wooden box. There is paper label on the top that reads, "AS A [illeg]OIST. NO. 104 USED FOR BICYCLES. NO. 25 TYING HORSES WHILE GROOMING."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1953.18.13a-b
Description
Oval wallpaper covered bandbox. The interior is lined with letters.
Context
Owned by Ella Day
Acquisition
1953.18
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Cardboard
Relationships
Day, Ella
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1953.18.21a-b
Description
Square wallpaper-covered box. The wall paper is block-printed with red flowers with green foliage and blue-and-red scrolls. The edges of the box and the corners of the lid are edged with a strip of blue paper. The lid is labeled in pencil with "Mrs. Day", and the bottom of the box is labeled, "1938, about 80 years old made by Olive Hale Barton".
Context
Made by Olive Hale Barton of Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.18
Made/Created
Artist
Barton, Olive Hale (1812-1872)
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Paper
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2003.71a-b
Description
Wooden shipping crate. The crate is papered on all sides with decorative floral paper. One side has the label, "MANDARIN L/W FINEST HYSON NO 12 SEUQUA". The top has a small shipping label nailed to the center that reads, "FROM A. S. HYDE. DEALER IN W. I. GOODS AND CHOICE FAMILY GROCERIES, TEAS. COFFEE. SPICES. Kerosene Oil and Burning Fluid. NO. 2 DARROW BLOCK, ST. ALBANS, VT." It is hand addressed to "A. Hyde Grinnell East Georgia, Vt."
Context
Shipped from A. S. Hyde of St. Albans, Vermont, to A. Hyde Grinnell of East Georgia, Vermont.
Acquisition
2003.71
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
A. S. Hyde, Grinnell, A. Hyde
,
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1957.25.58
Description
Small carved wooden box. The sides are carved with art nouveau daffodils over a roughly carved and burned ground. The center of the lid has a carved and painted green monogram of the initials HGR. The inside is decoratively burned into a basket weave patter.
Context
Owned by Harold Goddard Rugg in Harland, Vermont
Acquisition
1957.25
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Rugg, Harold Goddard (1883-1957)
Related Place
Town
Hartland
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.100ab
Description
Cylindrical turned box with lid. The convex box has reeding around the top and base as well as a drilled hole in the lower half. The lid has the inked inscription "Duplicate of sample [illeg] for Vale Co." Inside the box is a paper note saying, "These were made June 4--1900/Both cover and mug [illeg]."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.32ab
Description
Wooden ring box in the shape of an apple. The box is painted red and the words, "Rutland, Vt." are printed on one side. The center of the lid has a brown wooden peg with green fabric leaves. A round, green cardboard tag is attached to the peg with a green string and is printed with the inscription, "A LOSER YOU WILL NEVER BE IF YOU PLACE YOUR RING INSIDE OF ME".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.88ab
Description
Small round ring or pill box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1972.28.15
Description
Rectangular box decorated with a rococo floral design on the top and a print of a building on inside. Above the print are the initials, "L.A."
Context
Owned by Melvina Angeline Smith Maxham of Middlesex, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.28
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cardboard, Paper
Relationships
Maxham, Melvina Angeline Smith (1839-1907)
Related Place
Town
Middlesex
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1972.28.17
Description
Paper covered box with a decorative advertisement for seeds on the lid. Both the box and lid are covered in pink, floral and star printed paper. The top of the lid has an applied advertisement showing a bundle of flowers and strawberries with the inscription, "Vick's Choice Seeds / James Vick, Rochester.
Context
Owned by Melvina Angeline Smith Maxham of Middlesex, Vermont.
Acquisition
1972.28
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cardboard, Paper
Relationships
Maxham, Melvina Angeline Smith (1839-1907)
Related Place
Town
Middlesex
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.119ab
Description
Small rectangular box with a sliding lid and a stamp. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints. One side of the box has a portion of a paper label that reads, "No. 30. RECTAL SUPPOSITORY".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1966.2.10a-b
Description
Rectangular, red-painted wooden box with loose lid and nailed corners. The lid lifts open with no hinges or closing mechanism, indicating the box may have been a shipping container rather than one meant to be regularly used. The top of the lid is framed with narrow, raised boards, though one side is now missing. One of the short ends is painted with either Chinese or Japanese characters running up the left side. A paper label on the same end bears the inked inscription, "HELEN TYLER/HER BOX./Daughter of Royall Tyler/and Laura Britton Keyes/his wife./Died September 18[49]50 aged 4/years."
Context
Used by Helen Tyler of Brattleboro, Vermont
Acquisition
1966.2
Made/Created
1846-1850
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Tyler, Helen (1846-1850)
Related Place
Town
Brattleboro
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.89ab
Description
Cylindrical turned wood box with lid. The box opens near the halfway point.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.38ab
Description
Trinket box in the shape of a woman. The box is cylindrical. The lid is a dome topped with a simplistic figure made of turned pieces of wood: a vasiform peg form the body and head, and two drumstick-shaped pieces form the arms.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1986.7.1
Description
Long, rectangular wooden box with sliding lid and box-jointed corners. The lid bears two pasted-on paper labels: a large, white (now yellowed) label and a small red label. The large label is addressed by hand to "Hon. Chas. Dewey/Montpelier, Vermont" and is printed with the inscription, "BURLINGTON SHIRT CO.,/MANUFACTURERS OF/Shirts, Collars, Cuffs, and Underwear./CUSTOM WORK A SPECIALTY/Burlington . . . Vermont." The smaller label is printed with, "United States & Canada/EXPRESS/Burlington VT."
Use
Used to ship products to customers
Context
Used by Burlington Shirt Company in Burlington, VT to ship goods to Hon. Charles Dewey in Montpelier, VT.
Acquisition
1986.7
Made/Created
Burlington Shirt Company
1910
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dewey, Charles (1828-1905)
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.33ab
Description
Souvenir trinket box in the shape of a teapot. The box is painted white and the lid is painted red. The words, "Beach Haven, N. J.", are printed onto the side.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.90ab
Description
Small round ring or pill box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.91ab
Description
Small round ring or pill box. The top has a paper label that reads, "Composition Powders!" along with instructions and manufacturing information.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.39ab
Description
Trinket box in the shape of a woman. The box is cylindrical. The lid is made of turned pieces of wood: a vasiform peg form the body and head, and two drumstick-shaped pieces form the arms.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.110
Description
Wooden box with finger jointed corners. All four corners, the top, and the bottom, are secured with very heavy glue.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.21
Description
Lens or filter box without lid. The case consists of a round disk covered on the exterior with black leather and lined with purple velvet.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Leather, Silk, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.40ab
Description
Small trinket box in the shape of a man wearing an overcoat. The box is the man's shoulders down, and the lid is the collar and head. There are two small pegs as arms, and he is wearing a hat.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.111
Description
Small wooden box constructed with finger joints and glue. The slide-in lid is missing. The long side of the box has a paper label printed with "ROBINSON'S/Sura-Cuva/FOR/RHEUMATISM/AND/NEURALGIA./A specific for disease arising from an impure and vitiaze state of the blood./Read full directions in Circular."
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1953.58.2a-b
Description
Circular bandbox covered in tile-printed wallpaper.
Acquisition
1953.58
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1944.9.4a-b
Description
Short round bandbox with cover.
Acquisition
1944.9
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1944.9.6a-b
Description
Round wooden box with cover. The box is covered with printed wallpaper, but the pattern is no longer distinguishable.
Acquisition
1944.9
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1947.6.8f
Description
Small rectangular shaped, grey colored box that reads, "Samuel Kidder & Co. Asthmatic Pastilles. Manufactured and Guaranteed by Samuel Kidder & Co. Incorporated Laboratories Established 1804 BOSTON, Mass. U.S.A. " The short sides of the box read, "Sixteen Asthmatic & Fumigating Pastilles"
Context
Owned by John Barrett of Grafton, Vermont
Acquisition
1947.6
Made/Created
Samuel Kidder & Company Incorporated Laboratories
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Barrett, John (1776-1856)
Related Place
Town
Grafton
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1944.9.1
Description
Round wooden box with cover & metal handle. The handle has a turned wooden grip and attaches into metal grommets on either side of the box.
Acquisition
1944.9
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1944.9.2a-b
Description
Round wooden box with cover, no handle.
Acquisition
1944.9
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1944.9.5a-b
Description
Round wooden box with cover.
Acquisition
1944.9
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
1957.9
Description
Wooden box consisting of 6 boards nailed together at the sides. The top lifts up and is hinged with two wires.
Use
Originally held wine glasses.
Acquisition
1957.9
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.112a-c
Description
Small rectangular box with a sliding lid and a stamp. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints. There is a semi-circle carved into the outer end of the box lid to grip while sliding. A used 1-cent stamp printed with an image of Benjamin Franklin is in the box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.82
Description
Small round wooden box. The top has the inked inscription, "2d. T.B. Ass."
Use
Used to hold tuberculosis pills
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.113
Description
Tall-sided, long wooden box with glued corners
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.24.14ab
Description
Cream-colored box printed with the label, "Gray's Department Store Montpelier, Vt." in gothic script.
Context
Owned by William Vroman Mason of Waterbury, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.24
Lexicon
Relationships
Mason, William Vroman (1906-1989), Gray's Department Store
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.114
Description
Wooden box with finger-jointed corners secured with glue.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.115ab
Description
Small rectangular box with a sliding lid. The corners of the box are held with glued box joints. The top of the lid has a paper sticker with the printed inscription, "A. D. BARTER P. O. BOX 185 TELEPHONE 918M 31 1/2 MERCHANTS ROW, RUTLAND, VT." and the penciled inscription, "E P Cushmom Middlebury Vt". There is a purple 3-cent stamp in the corner that is stamped with the words, "RUTLAND VT".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Box
Name/Title
Box
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.84ab
Description
Small, turned wood box shaped like a barrel. The box opens at the halfway point.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Brace
Name/Title
Brace
Entry/Object ID
1929.6
Description
Bit brace hand drill. The letters "HX" are on the brass blate near the bit, and the neck is stamped "[illeg]LS. HOL[illeg]".
Context
Used in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
1929.6
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Brass
Brander
Interpretative Labels
Sheep Brands, c. 1850 Wood 1929.9.1d-k Sheared sheep were often marked with their owner’s initials by applying paint with wooden or metal brands.
Name/Title
Brander
Entry/Object ID
1929.9.1d-k
Description
Three wooden brander carved into the numbers 0 through 9 (6 and 9 are the same brand). The handles are cut with the mark, "H B Lord". They appear to be unused.
Acquisition
1929.9
Dimensions
Branding Iron
Name/Title
Branding Iron
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.21
Description
Branding iron with a turned wooden handle. The brand is molded in reverse with the inscription, "E. Phelps, Marlow, N.H."
Acquisition
1944.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Related Place
City
Marlow
State/Province
New Hampshire
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bread Pan
Name/Title
Bread Pan
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.12
Description
Tin bread pan with two handles. The pan has a circular base and flaring sides formed from 5 sheets of tin.
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Breaking Plow
Name/Title
Breaking Plow
Entry/Object ID
1929.8.1a
Description
Plow consisting of a long horizontal beam attached to a vertical, curved piece of wood. The vertical piece is itself attached to a large, V-shaped blade that sits on the ground.
Context
Used by Clark Stowe in Weybridge, Vermont
Acquisition
1929.8
Made/Created
1790-1810
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Weybridge
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Broadax
Interpretative Labels
Broad Ax, c. 1850 Consider Stebbins Bardwell (1807-1885) Pawlet, Vermont Steel, wood Gift of Dorothy Offensend, #1998.36.1 Consider Bardwell moved to Pawlet, Vermont from Massachusetts in 1842 to take possession of 34 acres of land along the Indian Brook. He made improvements to the property and water-power source to advance his edged-tool manufacturing business. Over time he added more properties to his holdings including a small slate quarry to produce roofing slate. Bardwell produced edged tools from about 1846 to 1867. In addition to owning a slate quarry, which he leased to a third-party operator, he also created the first cooperative creamery in Vermont. Established in 1864 and incorporated by the Vermont Legislature in 1865, the West Pawlet Dairy Association collected surplus milk from area farmers and manufactured butter and cheese for the open market. By the end of 1867 Bardwell stepped back from his various business ventures, ultimately selling his properties in 1869. He retired to a grand brick residence in Granville, New York where he lived until his death in 1885. The site of the creamery in Pawlet is now an award-winning, artisanal cheese facility named after Consider Bardwell.
Name/Title
Broadax
Entry/Object ID
1998.36.1
Description
Broadax with curved blade. The handle curves the same direction as the edge of the blade.
Context
Made by Consider Stebbins Bardwell in West Pawlet, Vermont
Acquisition
1998.36
Made/Created
Bardwell, Consider Stebbins (1807-1885)
circa 1850
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Broadax
Name/Title
Broadax
Entry/Object ID
1946.25
Description
Broadax with a large, metal head and a wooden handle. The handle inserts into the head from the bottom, the end of the wood aligning with the top of the head.
Context
Owned by Herman Bostwich of Hinesburg, Vermont
Acquisition
1946.25
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron, Wood
Relationships
Bostwick, Herman (177-1853)
Related Place
Town
Hinesburg
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Broadax
Name/Title
Broadax
Entry/Object ID
1953.19.2
Description
Short-handled ax with large metal head.
Acquisition
1953.19
Lexicon
Brush
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Brush
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.102
Description
Natural-bristled brush with wooden handle, most likely used to brush away debris. There is a small hole through the handle, midway up. The manufacturer's mark reads, "John L. Whiting & Son" on one side of the brush head, while the other reads, "2".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
John L. Whiting & Son
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Horsehair
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Web Bookmarks, Links and URLs
Brush
Name/Title
Brush
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.76
Description
Round brush with a turned wooden handle and white horsehair bristles. The short handle flares at the end, and has simple decorative molding near the bristles. The bristles are attached in small groups into several holes drilled into the handle.
Context
Made by Baker Brush Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1944-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Bucket
Name/Title
Bucket
Entry/Object ID
2008.46
Description
Brown canvas basket. The basket is formed around a metal frame, with the top and bottom edges stitched around rings of metal. A hinged metal bar connects the rings outside the bucket, allowing it to collapse for storage. There is a handle made of metal wire with a turned wooden handle. The bucket is painted with the initials, "V.F.S".
Context
Used by an employee of the Vermont Forest Service
Acquisition
2008.46
Made/Created
circa 1950
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Cotton, Wood
Relationships
Vermont Department of Agriculture
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.3
Description
4-cut bush hammer head. One side is stamped, "HB HB, IV", and the other stamped "HB HB 1891" and "4$". There are two metal bolts and nuts holding the individual pieces of the hammer head together. (Two are missing).
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzie in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
1982.35
Made/Created
circa 1930
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.4
Description
4-cut bush hammer head. The tool is stamped on one side with "1315 / 1903". It consists of a central holder with additional pieces of metal (teeth) inserted into the ends and secured with large bolts and nuts (three now missing).
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
1982.35
Made/Created
circa 1930
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.6
Description
Four- and six-cut bushhammer head. The tool consists of a central holder with sheets of metal inserted into the ends (four on one side, six on the other) and held in place with large nuts and bolts (three now missing).
Context
Used by Vincenter Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.35
Made/Created
circa 1930
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.5
Description
6-cut bush hammer head with a remnant of the handle inserted. The tool consists of a central holder with sheets of metal inserted into the ends and secured with bolts and nuts (one now missing).
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
1982.35
Made/Created
circa 1930
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron, Wood
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.7
Description
10-cut bushhammer head. The tool consists of a central holder with sheets of metal inserted into the ends (10 each side) and held with large nuts and bolts.
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.35
Made/Created
circa 1930
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Bushhammer
Name/Title
Bushhammer
Entry/Object ID
1983.23.1
Description
Four-cut bushhammer with wooden handle marked "J AHERN/MAKER/BARRE, VT./6 4/HE RUSS." The numbers 1-4 are also stamped onto the head, and "H E Russ" is stamped on it in 3 places.
Context
Made by James E. Ahern in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
1983.23
Made/Created
Ahern, James E. (1859-1918)
1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Russ, Henry E. (1857-1938)
Butter Churn
Interpretative Labels
Butter "Swing" Churn, 1877-1900 Vermont Farm Machinery Company (1871-1921) Bellows Falls, VT Wood Gift of Kathryn O. Jorgensen, #2012.42 The Vermont Farm Machinery Company, based in Bellows Falls, patented this "swing" churn in the 1870s and manufactured it for a number of years after that. Butter is the consolidation of the fat solids contained in milk; farmers would skim the cream from jars of milk as a first step, and then pour the cream into a churn, which would agitate the cream and encourage the fat solids to clump together. On a small scale, this can be done by hand, but in order to produce butter in bulk, some kind of mechanization is necessary. The Davis Swing Churn appeared in a number of sizes, holding between 4 and 50 gallons of cream, depending on the model number. This Model No. 5 could hold 13 gallons of cream. (The Model 9, which held 50 gallons of cream, no longer fit on a frame, and had to be suspended from a ceiling.) The company claimed that the gentle swinging action of the churn did not "injure" the butter.
Name/Title
Butter Churn
Entry/Object ID
2012.42a-b
Description
Yellow swing churn, bearing the stenciled label, "Davis Swing Churn/No. 5/Pat'd./Manufactured by/Vermont Farm Machine Co/Bellows Falls VT" in black paint on both long sides. The sides are further decorated with stenciled black decorative borders. There are two turned wooden handles across the top on either end, and metal brackets in the equivalent location on the bottom to attach the church to a wooden frame (now missing). The top of the churn has a door with a clear glass pane to view the contents. The churn has a 13 gallon capacity.
Use
Swung or rocked on a wooden frame to make butter.
Context
Manufactured by Vermont Farm Machine Company in Bellows Falls, VT.
Acquisition
2012.42
Made/Created
Vermont Farm Machinery Company (1871-1921)
1877-1900
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Paint, Iron, Glass
Butter Churn
Name/Title
Butter Churn
Entry/Object ID
1977.27
Description
Red barrel butter church with crank handles on either side. The cranks attach at the center and are long enough to reach the edge of the barrel. The back of the barrel is stenciled with the words, "Monitor / Manufactured by William Samson, East Berkshire, Vermont".
Context
Made by William Samson in East Berkshire, Vermont
Acquisition
1977.27
Made/Created
William Samson
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Samson, William J. (1866-1945)
Butter Dome
Name/Title
Butter Dome
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.105
Description
Turned wooden bowl a hole drilled in the center.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
1876
Lexicon
Butter Mold
Name/Title
Butter Mold
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.7a-b
Description
Butter molde consisting of a box and a press. The box has a hole drilled in the center of the top. The press is carved with a design of four tiles, each with a matching "H" over a sprig of rosemary.
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Butter Mold
Name/Title
Butter Mold
Entry/Object ID
1959.11
Description
Butter mold consisting of a wooden box with movable carved wooden block. Each block is carved with a decorative pattern containing a letter.
Acquisition
1959.11
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Butter Packer
Name/Title
Butter Packer
Entry/Object ID
1954.40.4
Description
Butter packer or mallet. The head is cylindrical with one side cut flat. There is a turned handle inserted into one side.
Use
Used to pack butter in a tub
Acquisition
1954.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Butter Paddle
Name/Title
Butter Paddle
Entry/Object ID
1953.32.4
Description
Wooden paddle. The paddle is made from a single piece of wood and has a rectangular paddle and short, narrow handle. There is a hole drilled through the top of the handle.
Context
Used by a member of the Medad Wright family in Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.32
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Wright, Medad, Jr. (1812-1892)
Related Place
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Butter Paddle
Name/Title
Butter Paddle
Entry/Object ID
1973.1.38
Description
Wooden butter paddle. The paddle is made from a single, flat piece of wood shaped into a shovel.
Use
Used to work and press water out of butter.
Context
Likely used in Windsor, Vermont
Acquisition
1973.1
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Butter Press
Name/Title
Butter Press
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.7
Description
Butter press carved with a thistle design.
Acquisition
1953.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Button
Name/Title
Button
Entry/Object ID
1963.48.1a-g
Description
7 wooden buttons. Each button is a wooden disk with a hole in the center.
Acquisition
1963.48
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Button Fastener
Name/Title
Button Fastener
Entry/Object ID
1964.57.1
Description
Small, sealed paper envelope containing button fasteners.
Acquisition
1964.57
Made/Created
B. F. Bee
Lexicon
Cake Box
Name/Title
Cake Box
Entry/Object ID
2004.58.46ab
Description
Round metal case or cover with round metal base. The cover has a yellow top and the sides are printed with a red, green, and yellow plaid design accented with a sprig of flowers that includes a rose, daisy, carnation, and three sprigs of wheat. There is a wire handle at the center top. The base is enameled white and has a raised center that the lid fits down over. The cover and base do not secure together. The center of the base has lost its enamel from cutting cakes while directly on the base.
Use
Used to store cakes
Context
Owned by Beatrice J. Wood of South Royalton, Vermont
Acquisition
2004.58
Made/Created
1940
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Wood, Beatrice Jones (1919-2004)
Related Place
Village
South Royalton
Town
Royalton
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Caliper
Interpretative Labels
Calipers, circa 1903 Angelo Petere Ambrosini (1880-1932) Northfield, Vermont Wood and Iron Gift of Homer P. Fuller, #2004.1.1 In 1903 Angelo Peter Ambrosini, a recent Italian immigrant, was working in Northfield for the Ellis Granite Company when it received the contract to provide the stonework for Union Station in Washington, D.C. Due to his talent he was selected to help carve the six eighteen-foot-high allegorical figures that grace the front of the station. Supervised by the eminent sculptor Augustus St. Gaudens, the project took three years to complete. These calipers were made and used by Ambrosini.
Name/Title
Caliper
Entry/Object ID
2004.1.1
Description
Large metal calipers consisting of a metal board with two curved and metals pointed attachments. The attachments are secured with bolts loosely enough to be adjustable.
Context
Made by Angelo Ambrosini, Sr., in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2004.1
Made/Created
Artist
Ambrosini, Angelo P. (1880-1932)
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Ambrosini, Angelo P. (1880-1932)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Caliper
Name/Title
Caliper
Entry/Object ID
2004.1.2
Description
Large metal calipers consisting of a metal board with two curved and metals pointed attachments at either end. The attachments are secured with bolts loosely enough to be adjustable.
Context
Made by Angelo Ambrosini, Sr., in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2004.1
Made/Created
Artist
Ambrosini, Angelo P. (1880-1932)
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Caliper
Name/Title
Caliper
Entry/Object ID
2004.1.3
Description
Large metal calipers consisting of a metal board with two curved and metals pointed attachments at either end. The attachments are secured with bolts loosely enough to be adjustable.
Context
Made by Angelo Ambrosini, Sr., in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2004.1
Made/Created
Artist
Ambrosini, Angelo P. (1880-1932)
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Calipers
Name/Title
Calipers
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.10
Description
Steel calipers with two curved arms that are joined with a rivet to adjust for measuring spans. One end is pointed. Mark on one arm: "E. F. Lewis/1853", on the other: "E F L". The letters are handstruck.
Context
Found near Well, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made/Created
E. F. Lewis
1853
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Wells
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera
Name/Title
Camera
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.2ab
Description
Glass plate camera that folds into a box. When folded, the camera resembles a small carrying case, completely covered in highly textured leather with a short carrying strap on the top. The back side (b) detaches at both the top and the bottom with metal protrusions that slide into clasps. Additionally, a hinged door is placed in the center of the back piece allowing access to the glass plate. The front opens by pressing two concealed buttons at the top of the case. Once open, the lens and its attached purple leather bellows can be slid onto an extendable wooden track. A marker on the proper left indicates the focal distance, and there is a level on the proper right. A perioscopal viewfinder sits to the proper left of the lens, and a wider viewfinders sits on top of the case. A small plaque under the lens bears in the inscription, "TELE-PHOTO CYCLE-POCO C/ROCHESTER OPTICAL & CAMERA CO."
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Glass, Brass, Cardboard, Metal, Wood
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera
Name/Title
Camera
Entry/Object ID
2009.51.1a-e
Description
Glass plate camera that folds into a box. When folded, the camera slides into a small carrying case. The back side detaches at both the top and the bottom with metal protrusions that slide into clasps. Additionally, a hinged door is placed in the center of the back piece allowing access to the glass plate. Once open, the lens and its attached leather bellows can be slid onto an extendable wooden track. A small plaque under the lens bears in the inscription, "IMPROVED EMPIRE STATE MANUFACTURED BY ROCHESTER OPTICAL CO. Rochester, N.Y."
Context
Used by Harry L. Chapman of Windham, Vermont
Acquisition
2009.51
Made/Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1896-1905
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall (extended)
Materials
Mahogany, Wood, Leather, Fabric, Brass, Glass
Relationships
Chapman, Harry L. (1875-1967)
Related Place
Town
Windham
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.5a-i
Description
"Morrison Vignetter" camera accessory set consisting of a two-part mount, four vignetting cards, a box, and instructions.

The box (ab) is made of cardboard and covered in lime-green semi-gloss paper. The label on the lid has a vignetted portrait of a child on the proper right, and an illustration of the vignetter attached to the lens of a King Poco model camera on the proper left. Beneath the images is the inscription, "MORRISON VIGNETTER/BURKE & JAMES, Chicago".

The four vignetters (c-f) are cardboard pieces: two in black and two in white (one now grey). The boards are straight on the bottom, but the top curves up to create the vignette shape. Two of the boards have a sawtooth edge on the top, and the other two have less pronounced nicked edge on the top. Each board shows evidence of being slid into the metal mounts for use, but the pieces with the less-pronounced edges appear to have been more heavily used.

The boards mount in front of the camera's lens with two pieces of metal (h,i). Both pieces are made from flat metal strips. The piece that connects to the lens consists of a strip bent into a circle to which an L-bent strip is attached. The other piece is bent into a narrow U-shape on one end (for attaching the vignetting board) and a wider U on the other side that can be tightened with a bolt. The two attach by sliding the flat edge of the lens side into the clamp at the wide-U side of the other piece and tightening the connection with the bolt.

The instructions are in a bi-fold with example images on the front page and detailed steps on the inside.
Use
Mounted in front a camera lens to vignette the bottom edge of portraits
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
Burke & James
1899-1903
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Cardboard, Metal, Paper
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.6a-d
Description
Yellow camera filter consisting of two panes of glass permanently attached together, along with a carrying case and paper care instructions. The edges of the filter (a) are sealed with a glossy black medium. A small paper label reading "Wratten K3 Filter" was applied to one side, but is now loose within the case (b). The case consists of a narrow cardboard sleeve and lid covered in leather. The face of the case's body bears the gold inscription, "WRATTEN K FILTER/MADE BY/EASTMAN KODAK CO./ROCHESTER, N.Y./TRAD MARKS REG. U. S. PAT. OFF." The reverse bears a gold sticker with several black stamps that read, "K1", "2104", "2", and "80".
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance images
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
1912-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Glass, Paper, Cardboard, Leather
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.7a-d
Description
Three yellow camera filters and a Morrocan leather case. The filters consist of two panes of glass adheared together. A glossy black film was painted around the edges of the filters, but it only completely remains on one. The same filter with the frame retains a paper label along its narrow edge reading, "Wrateen [sic] K1 Filter". Four other paper labels are loose in the container and bear the inscriptions "Wratten K2 Filter", "Wratten K1 1/2 Filter", "Wratten No. 7 Filter", and "Wratten No. 6 Filter".

The case opens at the top with two hinges on the reverse. When closed, it is secured by a hidden latch at the front that is release by pressing the hidding button. The top of the case bears the gold inscription, "WRATTEN FILTERS/MANUFACTURED BY/EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY./ROCHESTER, N. Y./TRADE MARKS REG. U.S. PAT. OFF." The inside of the case is lined in purple velvet with two molded protusions on other side to separate the filters from each other. The lid is lined in red satin-woven silk.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance images
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1912-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Leather, Silk, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.8
Description
Two panes of orange glass adhered together. A glossy black substance was applied around the edges creating a frame, which is now mostly gone.
Use
Placed over the lens of a glass-plate camera to enhance the image
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1912-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.10ab
Description
Circular yellow filter with green leather case. The filter consists of a round pieces of yellow glass set into a copper frame. The back is finished with a glossy black substance. Three indentations are placed equidistant around the frame to secure the filter onto a camera lens.

The case opens with two metal hinges at the back. The top is slightly raised, and bears the white printed inscription, "Cramer's/Precision/Color Filters/St. Louis U.S.A." The interior is lined in blue satin (upper) and purple velvet (lower). The base of the interior is molded to fit the filter.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance the image
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
G. Cramer Dry Plate Company
1909
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Copper, Leather, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.13ab
Description
Circular clear filter with double case. The filter consists of a flat, circular piece of glass contained within a black metal frame. The frame extends to the rear and is tabbed to attach onto a circular lens. The rectangular case is covered in red Morocccan leather. The top has the gold inscription, "THE ISOSTIGMAR LENS/WILLIAMS, BROWN & EARLE,/PHILADELPHIA/AMERICAN AGENTS:". The interior of the case is lined in blue velvet, and the base is molded to fit the filter and one other identically shaped and sized object.

Note: the filter is not an isostigmar lens.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance the image
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
1907-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Metal, Cardboard, Leather, Silk
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.14a-c
Description
Circular half-tone filter with box and lid. The filter consists of a flat, circular piece of glass that is transparent yellow on the upper 2/3 and clear on the remaining 1/3. The glass is set into a silver-toned metal frames with three rubber-coated tabs placed equidistant around the edge for securing to a lens. The inscription "ROYAL FOREGROUND RAY SCREEN/PATENTED/GEORGE MURPHY INC NEW YORK" impressed on the side of the fram. The top is indicated with the impressed inscription, "TOP". The case consists of a round body and round lid, each covered in red Moroccan leather. The bottom is lined in purple velvet whill the lid is lined in black leather.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens for landscape photography to ensure even lighting of both the foreground and the sky
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
George Murphy, Inc.
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Metal, Leather, Cardboard, Silk
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.15a-e
Description
Foreground ray screen filter with case and lid, box and lid, and sales paper. The filter consists of two flat, circular pieces of glass sandwiching a tinted adhesive that has dried and cracked. (See 2020.4.14a for original appearance.) The glass is set into a silver-toned metal frame with three tabs placed equidistant around the edge for securing to a lens. The inscription "ROYAL FOREGROUND RAY SCREEN. PAT, AP'D FOR/GEORGE MURPHY INC NEW YORK" impressed on the side of the frame. The top is indicated with the impressed inscription, "-TOP".

The case consists of a round body and round lid, each covered in red Moroccan leather. The bottom is lined in purple velvet while the lid is lined in black leather. The box consists of a box covered in burgundy paper that slides into a cover wrapped in white paper. The sides of the cover bear the inscription, "ROYAL/Foreground Ray Screen/no. 4 1 1/2 in." The top of the cover bears the inscription "No. 4 1 1/2 in./ROYAL/Foreground Ray Screen/GEROGE MURPHY, INC./New York" with an illustration of the monogram GM.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens for landscape photography to ensure even lighting of both the foreground and the sky
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
George Murphy, Inc.
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Metal, Cardboard, Leather, Silk, Paper
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.16a-c
Description
Portrait lens attachment and case. The lens consists of a circular piece of glass set within a black metal frame. the frame extends beyond the glass at both the front and the back. The back extension is cut into tabs in order to secure onto a camera lens. The metal case consists of a circular base and lid. The lid bears the label, "KODAK/PORTRAIT ATTACHMENT/8-A/Eastman Kodak Co./Rochester, N.Y. Made in U.S.A./TRADE MARK REG. U.S. PAT. OFF." The interior of the case is printed with a focus guide giving the focal length at which to set the camera with the lens on (i.e. "focus at 5' to work at 2'-4'")
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance portraits
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.17a-c
Description
Metal duplicator filter and case. The duplicator filter was used to expose only a portion of a glass plate to allow for double exposure "duplication" tricks. The filter consists of a metal cap that fits over a camera lens with a semi-circular cut out taking about 3/8 of the total surface. The front of the filter bears the inscriptions "THE IDEAL DUPLICATOR" and "BURKE & JAMES. CHICAGO". The case consists of a box that slides into a lid. Both are covered in red Morrocan leather, and the top bears the silver inscription "THE IDEAL/DUPLICATOR/No. 2/BURKE & JAMES,/CHICAGO."
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to create image with partial double exposure effects
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
Burke & James
1897-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Cardboard, Leather
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.23
Description
Metal vingette framing filter consisting of a metal box frame with a circular opening in the center. Within the opening is a wooden frame with a diamond-shaped opening and four strips of curved metal attached to the outside.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to add a vignette effect to the images
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.11ab
Description
Circular yellow filter with green leather case. The filter consists of a round pieces of yellow glass set into a copper frame. The back is finished with a glossy black substance. Three indentations are placed equidistant around the frame to secure the filter onto a camera lens.
The case opens with two metal hinges at the back. The top is slightly raised, and bears the white printed inscription, "Cramer's/Precision/Color Filters/St. Louis U.S.A." The interior is lined in blue satin (upper) and purple velvet (lower). The base of the interior is molded to fit the filter.
Use
Placed in front of a camera lens to enhance the image
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
G. Cramer Dry Plate Company
1909
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Copper, Leather, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter
Name/Title
Camera Filter
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.12ab
Description
Circular yellow filter with green leather case. The filter consists of a round pieces of yellow glass set into a copper frame. The back is finished with a glossy black substance. Three indentations are placed equidistant around the frame to secure the filter onto a camera lens.

The case opens with two metal hinges at the back. The top is slightly raised, and bears the white printed inscription, "Cramer's/Precision/Color Filters/St. Louis U.S.A." The interior is lined in blue satin (upper) and purple velvet (lower). The base of the interior is molded to fit the filter.
Use
Placed over a camera lens to enhance the image
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
G. Cramer Dry Plate Company
1909
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Glass, Copper, Leather, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Camera Filter Holder
Name/Title
Camera Filter Holder
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.9a-c
Description
Metal bracket for holding a filter up to the lens of a camera, together with box and lid. The box is covered in glossy white paper, and a label on the top reads, "ADJUSTABLE FILTER HOLDER/For 2 inch square/Wratten Filters/EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY,/ROCHESTER, N.Y./Trade MArks Reg. U.S. Pat. Off./K P 4418 102."

The filter holder is a black metal square with a circular hole in the center. Within the hole is a thin black strip of metal attached to a bolt that can be adjusted to tighten around the lens of the camera. The left and right edges of the square fold back to allow the glass filter to slide inside. An impressed inscription around the circle reads, "MADE BY EASTMAN KODAK CO. ROCHESTER. N.Y. U.S.A. PAT. JUNE 5. 1917." and another beneath the circle reads, "1 1/8" TO 1 9/16"".
Use
Used to hold glass filters in front of a camera lens to enhance images
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1917
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Cardboard
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Can Opener
Name/Title
Can Opener
Entry/Object ID
1984.23.1
Description
Metal can opener with wooden handle and crank. The top is stamped with the label, "Edlund / No. 5 Junior". The blade or knife, now missing, sits in the open slot next to the wheel, with the blade sitting perpendicular the wheel.
Context
Made by the Edlund Company in Burlington, Vermont. Used by Philip Elwert in Montpelier, Vermont.
Acquisition
1984.23
Made/Created
Edlund Company
circa 1965
Lexicon
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Elwert, Philip F. (1949-1988)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1m
Description
Unburnt light pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1x
Description
Partially burnt olive-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1b
Description
Partially burnt red wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1ll
Description
Partially burnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1n
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1mm
Description
Partially burnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1o
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1y
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1nn
Description
Partially burnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1p
Description
Partially burnt light pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1a
Description
Partially burnt red wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1z
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1c
Description
Partially burnt red wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1aa
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1q
Description
Partially burnt light pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1bb
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1r
Description
Partially burnt light pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1d
Description
Partially burnt red wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.3cc
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1dd
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1g
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1ee
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1ff
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1h
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1i
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1gg
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1j
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1s
Description
Partially burnt light pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1l
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1hh
Description
Unburnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1e
Description
Partially burnt red wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1u
Description
Unburnt olive-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1ii
Description
Partially burnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1f
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1v
Description
Unburnt olive-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1t
Description
Unburnt olive-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1k
Description
Unburnt pink wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1w
Description
Unburnt olive-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1jj
Description
Partially burnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle
Name/Title
Candle
Entry/Object ID
1960.79.1kk
Description
Partially burnt cream-colored wax candle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Found in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.79
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wax
Relationships
Related Place
Village
East Calais
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle Box
Name/Title
Candle Box
Entry/Object ID
1973.1.37ab
Description
Long, rectangular wooden box. The box has a wooden lid that slides into a rabbit at the top of the box. There is a semi-circular indentation on one end of the lid to grip.
Context
Likely used in Windsor, Vermont
Acquisition
1973.1
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Windsor
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candle Mold
Name/Title
Candle Mold
Entry/Object ID
1957.6
Description
Metal candle mold for forming tapers. The mold has 8 shafts.
Acquisition
1957.6
Lexicon
Candle Mold
Name/Title
Candle Mold
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.16
Description
Metal mold shaped into six tapers. Each taper has a distinct, pointed tip. The wide ends are connected to a rectangular sheet of metal with curled-up edges.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.40
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Ludlow
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Candlesnuffer
Name/Title
Candlesnuffer
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.12a
Description
Candlesnuffer and wick trimmer. It is in the form of scissors. One blade has a three-sided box attached to it while the other side has a rectangular plate attached to it. When closed, the plate inserts into the box. There are three spokes on the bottom to hold the tool off the resting surface.
Use
Used to put out candles and trim off burnt wicks.
Context
Likely used by a member of the Day family in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Tin
Candlesnuffer Tray
Name/Title
Candlesnuffer Tray
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.12b
Description
Small black toleware tray. The tray is mostly rectangular, with rounded corners. The long sides are concave. The border of the tray flares upward, and the edges of the center are decorated with a thin line of gold paint.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.40
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Ludlow
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1919.4.1
Description
Wooden canteen. The canteen is oval shaped with a round hole at the center top, sealed with a peg. Four bentwood bands wrap around the canteen. A U-shaped wire with a wooden handle is attached to the top at either end. The canteen is marked, "BMC 1782".
Context
Brought to Vermont from England by a member of the Ormsbee family.
Acquisition
1919.4
Made/Created
1780-1790
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.18
Description
Red-painted wooden keg or canteen constructed similarly to a barrel. The canteen is formed of wooden boards placed in a circle and held together with metal bands around circular end pieces. A U-shaped metal band is attached at either end to form a carrying handle. There is a bunghole in the center.
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Canteen
Name/Title
Canteen
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.19
Description
Wooden keg or canteen constructed similarly to a barrel. The canteen is formed of wooden boards placed in a circle and held together with metal bands around circular end pieces. There is a heavy-gauge wire handle with a turned wooden grip. There is a metal bunghole beneath the handle.
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Carpenter's Square
Name/Title
Carpenter's Square
Entry/Object ID
1946.26
Description
Metal carpenter's square etched with lines every 1/4 inch. Each line terminates in a round point, and the inches are marked with Arabic numerals. The square is engraved with the inscription, "HB 1811".
Context
Owned by Herman Bostwick of Hinesburg, Vermont
Acquisition
1946.26
Made/Created
1811
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Bostwick, Herman (177-1853)
Related Place
Town
Hinesburg
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Carpenter's Square
Name/Title
Carpenter's Square
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.5
Description
Steel square with a 24" blade and 16" tongue. The demarcations (1/8" on one edge, 1/16" on the other) are mechanically struck. The mark is a circle with an eagle in the center with the inscription, "Eagle Square Mfg., So. Shaftsbury, Vt.", surrounding it. Below the mark is the inscription, "Hardened corners/100".
Context
Made in Shaftsbury, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made/Created
Eagle Square Co.
1859-1900
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel
Carpenter's Square
Name/Title
Carpenter's Square
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.6
Description
Steel square with 24" blade, 16" tongue, both tapered. A number of scales are struck on the back side. The front is marked off in 1/8" with numerals hand struck in the metal. At corner is the mark, "Hawe Patent/Warranted steel/B. Harmon".
Context
Made in Shaftwbury, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made/Created
B. Harmon
1819-1859
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel
Case
Name/Title
Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.1
Description
This black leather camera case has two interior compartments for storing a camera and 6 glass negative plates. The case has both a long strap, connecting with metal latches onto the sides, and a permanently attached short strap, connecting to the top. The top secures with two metal latches. The inside is lined in plain woven cotton over cardboard.
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Metal, Cardboard, Cotton
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Case
Name/Title
Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.4ab
Description
Tan leather rectangular camera case with two interior compartments for storing a camera and 6 glass plate negatives. The case has a short, leather handle at the top and two metal figure-8 attachments for a removable shoulder strap (no longer present). The case opens at the top and is secured at the center front with a metal clasp. The inside of the top piece bears the gold inscription, "Tele-Photo-Poco/G/Rochester Optical & Camera Co./Rochester, N.Y." The interior is lined in cotton.
B is a fragment, likely from the shoulder strap.
Use
Used to hold a glass plate negative camera and accessories
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Leather, Metal, Cotton
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Case
Name/Title
Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.20
Description
Double-capacity camera filter case (empty). The case consists of a leather rectangular body with an evelope closure. The closure is secured with a metal snap. The interior is divided into two compartments and lined in purple velvet.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Cardboard, Silk, Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Casting Mold
Name/Title
Casting Mold
Entry/Object ID
1992.26.1
Description
Mold form with six armed spokes looking somewhat like a wagon wheel without the wheel. At the end of each spoke is a 7" piece, perpendicular to the spoke. Each has 5 "pegs." Presumably these pegs fit into another piece we don't have. The 7" piece is "sliced" in two. Three of the spokes are missing half of the piece. One spoke has a half broken end piece. The 3 spokes that have both pieces of the end have been tied together with twine. The twine is "old."
dark brown
Context
Used at the Lane Shops in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1992.26
Made/Created
Lane Manufacturing Co.
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Casting Mold
Name/Title
Casting Mold
Entry/Object ID
1992.26.2
Description
Mold from with six armed spokes looking somewhat like a wagon wheel without the wheel. At the end of each spoke is an 8 1/4" piece, perpendicular to the spoke. Each has 5 "pegs." Presumably these pegs fit into another piece we don't have. Each 8 1/4" piece is sliced in half. Three of the spokes are missing half of the piece. The 3 spokes with both halves are tied together with "old" twine.
Context
Used at the Lane Shops in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1992.26
Made/Created
Lane Manufacturing Co.
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Catheter
Name/Title
Catheter
Entry/Object ID
1960.191.3
Description
Long metal tube. Half the tube is straight, and the other half of the tube curves until the end is perpendicular to the first half. The straight end has a wire loop, likely for hanging. The curved end has five holes drilled into it.
Context
Used by Dr. Amori Benson of Landgrove, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.191
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Benson, Amori (1799-1876)
Related Place
Town
Landgrove
County
Bennington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Chamberstick
Name/Title
Chamberstick
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.14
Description
Sheet metal chamberstick consisting of a wide round base and tall candleholder.
Acquisition
1953.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Tin
Chamberstick
Name/Title
Chamberstick
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.15
Description
Sheet metal chamberstick consisting of a wide round base and tall candleholder. There is a lever on the side of the candleholder to adjust height.
Acquisition
1953.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Tin
Cheese Box
Name/Title
Cheese Box
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.17b
Description
Small round wooden box with red paint. The sides are formed from a thin strip of wood nailed together at the seam with small nails.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Ludlow
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cheese Box
Name/Title
Cheese Box
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.17c
Description
Set of 3 wooden boxes. Possibly used as cheese boxes. Large box is brown, one small box is red, paint somewhat worn off. Another smaller box is practically without paint.
Acquisition
1953.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Ludlow
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cheese Box
Name/Title
Cheese Box
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.17a
Description
Large, round wooden box. The sides are formed from a thin strip of wood, nailed together at the seam with small nails.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Ludlow
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cheese Box
Name/Title
Cheese Box
Entry/Object ID
1965.20.1b
Description
Large, round cheese boxes. The boxes are made of bentwood steamed around a flat, circular base.
Acquisition
1965.20
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Cheese Press
Name/Title
Cheese Press
Entry/Object ID
1957.34
Description
Cheese press imprinted "Patent...Made...Warren Ed..P.A...D.H. Dewey", see images.

Floor-standing cheese press. The press is made out of wood and painted red. It consists of a frame with a stationary horizontal platform. An upper horizontal platform can be raised or lowers with a rolling mechanism across the top of the press.
Acquisition
1957.34
Lexicon
Cheese Tester
Name/Title
Cheese Tester
Entry/Object ID
1980.21
Description
Cheese tester. The tool consists of a round wooden box with a large iron gear and crank handle on the top. When turned, the gear moves a wooden blade-like object within the box. The blade is 1-1/2-inch thick with attachments on each end. Each attachment has a hole to allow the butterfat to pass through. There is a hook and eye on the outside of the box securing the lid, and a hinge opposite.
Use
Used to test cheese during the aging process without cutting open the wheel.
Context
Used by Alfred W. Crowley, owner of the Crowley Cheese Factory, of Healdville, Vermont.
Acquisition
1980.21
Made/Created
1882
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron
Relationships
Crowley, Alfred W., Crowley Cheese Factory
Related Place
Village
Healdville
Town
Mount Holly
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Chisel
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Chisel
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.119
Description
Chisel tip with a square top that tapers into a straight tip.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Chisel
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Chisel
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.117
Description
Chisel with round, flat top that shows evidence of use. The tips has a triangular shape that tapers to a straight tip. It has markings like a file.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Chisel
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Chisel
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.118
Description
Metal chisel with a triangular shape that tapers into a slightly curved tip. It has markings like a file.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Clamp
Name/Title
Clamp
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.152
Description
Clamp, or cramp, appears to be steel; jaws attached to a rod with a bend at one end; jaws tighten by turning a screw, spring inside jaws tightens; no manufacturer's mark; length = 4 5/8".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Clock Reel
Name/Title
Clock Reel
Entry/Object ID
1955.28.7
Description
Clock reel consisting of a four-legged base, a gear, and four winding spokes. The gear is turned by a carved wooden bolt above it. The bolt is attached to the winding arms. Beneath the gear, a slender piece of wood touches the spokes, clicking against the longest.
Use
Used to wind and measuring spun yarn.
Acquisition
1955.28
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Closed Scorper
Name/Title
Closed Scorper
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.20
Description
Tool consisting of an L-shaped metal rod with a loop of flat metal on one end and a wooden handle on the other end.
Use
Used to carve wood
Acquisition
1944.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Clothes Hanger
Name/Title
Clothes Hanger
Entry/Object ID
2003.16.108
Description
Clothes hanger consisting of a central wire hook and wooden crossbar. The wooden bar is wrapped in black cotton printed with pink and red roses with green leaves. There is a green ribbon at the center.
Context
Owned by Jean Louise Gooddall Balham of Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
2003.16
Made/Created
1950
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood, Cotton
Relationships
Balham, Jean Louise Goodall (1925-2016)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Clothespins
Name/Title
Clothespins
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.137a-h
Description
Eight peg-style clothespins. The pins are each partially split down the center with a round wooden bead at the top.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1920-circa 1930
Lexicon
Colander
Name/Title
Colander
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.11
Description
Large tin colander. The colander consists of a round piece of tin with holes drilled through it in a decorative scallop pattern. It sits on a low base and has a handle.
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Tin
Compass
Name/Title
Compass
Entry/Object ID
1933.1a-b
Description
Brass surveying compass with two upright sites attached to the arms. The compass is large and under glass. The cardinal directions are marked with etched leaves, with a fleur-de-lys at north. There are inter-cardinal directions marked with etchings as well. The compass is marked on it's face, "Bleuler, London".
The compass sits in a wooden case, appearing to be homemade. There are three wooden blocks inside the case that have become unglued.
Context
Used by William Chamberlin while surveying Peacham, Barton, and other Vermont towns.
Acquisition
1933.1
Made/Created
Artist
Bleuler, John (1757-1829)
1790-1829
Lexicon
Dimensions
Boxed
Materials
Brass, Glass
Relationships
Chamberlain, William (1755-1828)
,
Compass
Name/Title
Compass
Entry/Object ID
1889.1
Description
Pocket compass set into a small wooden oval with a round metal cover. The cover is engraved with the inscription, "Reuben Nash/Benson, Vt./1786", and the top of a fleur-de-lis. The first E in Reuben is floating above the the rest of the word. It opens by folding down on simple hinges formed by two wire loops. The compass itself consists of a small metal rod attached to a brass post at the center. Beneath the rod is a printed engraving of a compass rose with Prince of Wales feathers (or a small fleur-de-lis) marking the North point. The other three directions (East, South, and West) are unmarked, but the quarters are marked with initials (NE, SE, SW, NW). A printed sticker is attached to the back that reads, "Pocket Compass used by Reuben Nash, in 1786 [illegible--covered by another sticker] Presented by his gran[illeg--covered by another sticker] Henry Howard Nash, Chicago, Illinois, To the Vermont Historical Society. 1889."
Context
Owned by Reuben Nash, one of the earliest settlers of Benson, Vermont
Acquisition
1889.1
Made/Created
1786
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal, Paper
Relationships
Nash, Reuben (1768-1846)
Related Place
Town
Benson
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Compass
Name/Title
Compass
Entry/Object ID
1894.3
Description
Rectangular wooden compass. The wooden case has a rectangular window in the face with inset glass through which a metal rod can be seen. A corresponding degree chart is etched in a semicircle on the the face of the case. One side has a brass knob handle for opening. The reverse an applied wooden bar with a hole drilled into the center for mounting the compass onto a stand.
Context
Used by John Smith, one of the early residents of Brookfield, Vermont
Acquisition
1894.3
Made/Created
1779
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Smith, John (1782-1863)
Related Place
Town
Brookfield
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cowbell
Name/Title
Cowbell
Entry/Object ID
1942.14.2
Description
Large rectangular bell with a U-shaped handle at the top. The bell is formed from a flat piece of metal bent to shape and riveted together on the sides.
Context
Brought to America by Scottish immigrant John Bean.
Acquisition
1942.14
Made/Created
circa 1657
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Bean, John
Cowbell
Name/Title
Cowbell
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.1
Description
Metal cowbell. The bell is made from a sheet of metal, cut and bent into shape.
Acquisition
1944.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Cradle Scythe
Name/Title
Cradle Scythe
Entry/Object ID
1994.24
Description
Wooden cradle scythe with metal blade. The handle is made of a tree branch. The scythe blade attaches to the end of the handle. There is a post attached perpendicular to the very end of the handle below the blade to which five tines are attached. The tines are reinforced by narrow wooden rods.
Context
Used by the Slocum family of South Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1994.24
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
City
South Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Croze
Name/Title
Croze
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.8
Description
Wooden tool with an inserted blade. The tool is semicircular with round handles at each end. A semicircular fence protrudes from base and contains a hook and 2 parallel cutting blades for making the groove.
Use
Used by a cooper to form a groove in the middle of the howell cut, into which the head would be seated.
Acquisition
1975.494
Made/Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Steel
Crucible
Name/Title
Crucible
Entry/Object ID
2011.3.1
Description
Triangular fire assay crucible. The crucible is round at the base, but flare outward to three points at the top, creating spouts for pouring. There is a partial maker's mark reading "[illeg]EL & SOHN".
Use
Used to melt gold in order to determine its purity and composition.
Context
Used at the Rook Mining Company in Plymouth Five Corners, VT
Acquisition
2011.3
Made/Created
circa 1885
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Stoneware
Relationships
Rooks Mining Company
Related Place
Town
Plymouth
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Crucible
Name/Title
Crucible
Entry/Object ID
2011.3.2
Description
Triangular fire assay crucible. The crucible is round at the base, but flare outward to three points at the top, creating spouts for pouring. There is a partial maker's mark reading "[illeg]EL & SOHN".
Use
Used to melt gold in order to determine its purity and composition.
Context
Used at the Rook Mining Company in Plymouth Five Corners, VT
Acquisition
2011.3
Made/Created
circa 1885
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Stoneware
Relationships
Rooks Mining Company
Related Place
Town
Plymouth
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Crucible
Name/Title
Crucible
Entry/Object ID
2011.3.3
Description
Triangular fire assay crucible. The crucible is round at the base, but flare outward to three points at the top, creating spouts for pouring. There is a partial maker's mark reading "[illeg]EL & SOHN".
Use
Used to melt gold in order to determine its purity and composition.
Context
Used at the Rook Mining Company in Plymouth Five Corners, VT
Acquisition
2011.3
Made/Created
circa 1885
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Stoneware
Relationships
Rooks Mining Company
Related Place
Town
Plymouth
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Cup
Name/Title
Cup
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.9
Description
Small tin cup with no handle
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Tin
Cup
Name/Title
Cup
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.35ab
Description
Souvenir wooden cup with lid. The cup is attached to a round base in the shape of a ship's wheel. The side of the cup is printed with the words, "Lake Champlain". There is a round lid with a circular knob at the center.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1935-circa 1945
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Curd Rake
Name/Title
Curd Rake
Entry/Object ID
1999.7
Description
Cheese curd rake with 4 angled flat "tines." The handle is 61 1/4"long and about 1 1/2"wide with rounded edges. The cross piece is incised and 3" dia. A wooden peg holds the handle in place.
Context
Likely used near St. Albans, Vermont
Acquisition
1999.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Oak
Relationships
Related Place
City
St. Albans City
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Curd Squeezer
Name/Title
Curd Squeezer
Entry/Object ID
1950.24.2
Description
Curd squeezer consisting of two handles hinged together at one end. The ends with the hinge flare outward slightly, creating a rectangular area with horizontal grooves cut on the interior face.
Acquisition
1950.24
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Cutting Board
Name/Title
Cutting Board
Entry/Object ID
2006.4.7
Description
Small, unvarnished wooden cutting board formed from a single piece of wood. The board is largely rectangular, but the top edge sloped upward into a handle with a hole at the center for hanging. At the center top is the laser-cut logo of a tree with the words "VERMONT QUALITY WOOD PRODUCTS SINCE 1891".
Context
Given away as a promotional item during the 2005 Vermont History Expo.
Acquisition
2006.4
Made/Created
Vermont Quality Wood Products
2005
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Event
Vermont History Expo
Cutting Board
Name/Title
Cutting Board
Entry/Object ID
2011.57
Description
Clear acrylic cutting board with a smooth top surface and pebbled back surface. The bottom right corner is printed in black with a logo consisting of a map outline of the state of Vermont and the words, "cabot VERMONT CHEDDAR". There is a hole at the opposite corner for hanging.
Context
Made for Cabot Heritage Festival, the precursor to the Vermont History Expo, and distributed to participants. This particular board was used by the Northfield Historical Society.
Acquisition
2011.57
Made/Created
1999
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Acrylic
Relationships
Cabot Farmers Co-op, Inc., Northfield Historical Society
,
Related Event
Vermont History Expo
Cyclometer
Interpretative Labels
Cyclometer, 1841 Oren Cummins Montpelier, VT Wood, metal Gift of Albert O. Cummins, 1908.1 For as long as people have been traveling, they have wanted to know how fast they were going and how far they’ve traveled. The cyclometer (the word means “circle-measurer”) does just that. Today, cyclometers usually employ GPS to track movement, but before that technology was available, analog versions did the same job. This cyclometer was created by Oren Cummins of Montpelier in 1841, and is entirely handmade. The concept of measuring distance was not new, but Cummins’s solution is noteworthy because it so clearly depended entirely on his own ingenuity to implement. The gears are hand-cut and hand-numbered, and the whole is a remarkable combination of applied mathematics and precision crafting. Cummins used his cyclometer on carriage wheels. One end of the cyclometer would be attached to the hub of the wheel, and as the wheel turned, it would begin the tracking. Gears closer to the wheel measured shorter distances, and when they completed a certain number of revolutions they would trigger the next wheel to advance, and so on down the line. Ultimately, this cyclometer was capable of recording up to 40,000 miles.
Name/Title
Cyclometer
Entry/Object ID
1908.1
Description
Handmade cyclometer consisting of a wooden box with six wooden gears and two metal gears.

The box sits in an outer metal case and is divided into two compartments. The narrower compartment on one side houses two offset metal gears connected to each other. The larger compartment houses six additional gears, also offset and connected to each other, three in a row. The gears are connected by two wooden center pieces that allow them to spin.

The wooden gears are also hand-numbered with various intervals specific to each gear.
Use
Used to measure the distance traveled by a carriage or wagon wheel.
Context
Made by Oren Cummins of Montpelier, VT in 1841.
Acquisition
1908.1
Made/Created
Artist
Cummins, Oren
circa 1841
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Dark Lantern
Name/Title
Dark Lantern
Entry/Object ID
1934.4
Description
Collapsible dark lantern with a mica window on only side. It has gold stencil decoration, and holder for candle in one corner. There are holes drilled into the center top oriented in the shape of a daisy.
Use
Used to shine light in only one direction, similar to a modern flashlight
Context
Owned by a member of the Morse family of Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1934.4
Made/Created
circa 1860
Lexicon
Dimensions
Dimensions (open)
Materials
Mica
Relationships
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Developing Tools
Name/Title
Developing Tools
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.26a-bb
Description
a-c: Silver-toned metal clips. The mouth of the clip is wide for holding paper. The mouth is opened by squeezing together the handles, which are otherwise held apart with a spring. Each clip bears the engraved inscription, "MONTAUG".

d-z: Oval-shaped chain links consisting of two halves that connect in the center, allow the link to either lie flat or bend at a 90 degree angle.

aa: Silver-toned metal hook with threaded screw on one end.

bb: Silver-toned metal strip bent into a sort of U shape. There is a square-shaped hole at the center of the strip.
Use
Used to hold photographs as they were developing
Context
Used by George Ranney Bosworth in Berlin, Vermont
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Dipper
Name/Title
Dipper
Entry/Object ID
1954.40.7
Description
Wooden dipper, consisting of a bentwood cheese box with a handle nailed to it.
Acquisition
1954.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood
Dipper
Name/Title
Dipper
Entry/Object ID
1954.27.27
Description
Dipper or ladle formed from a dried gourd. There is a circle cut out of the round part of the gourd, revealing the hollowed-out center. There are two holes drilled at the far end of the stem with a short length of jute rope threaded through.
Context
Owned by a member of the Goldsbury family in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
1954.27
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Dipper
Name/Title
Dipper
Entry/Object ID
1986.25.3
Description
Long-handled tin dipping cup. The end of the handle has a wire loop for hanging.
Context
Used in East Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1986.25
Made/Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Dipper
Name/Title
Dipper
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.231
Description
Tin dipper with long handle. The dipper is formed from sheets of flat tin, and the handle is rolled into a hollow tube.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Document Case
Name/Title
Document Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.98ab
Description
Small, cylindrical turned wood document case.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Document Case
Name/Title
Document Case
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.101ab
Description
Turned wooden tube with lid.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Doughnut Hook
Name/Title
Doughnut Hook
Entry/Object ID
2004.47
Description
Wooden doughnut hook. The hook consists of a long straight section with a darker, curved section at one end, steamed into a very slight hook shape. The hook originally came with an attached card explaining how it was a made and a recipe for doughnuts.
Context
Made by John's Tinker Shop in Marshfield, Vermont. Used by David and Jean Cate.
Acquisition
2004.47
Made/Created
Artist
Lamberton, John Frederick (1912-1987)
John's Tinker Shop
1975-1985
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Cate, David
Drawknife
Name/Title
Drawknife
Entry/Object ID
1995.31.7
Description
Double-handled drawshave consisting of a blade with two turned wooden handles attached on either side and oriented perpendicular to the blade.
Context
Used by Joseph A. Gassette of Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1995.31
Made/Created
1897-1920
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Gassette, Joseph A. (1861-1930)
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Drawknife
Name/Title
Drawknife
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.16
Description
Tool consisting of a sharp, slightly curved blade with two round wooden handles on either end, set perpendicular to the blade. The blade is stamped with the mark, "S. Bardwell / Cast Steel / Wells, Vt."
Use
Used to shave and smooth wood.
Context
Made by S. Bardwell in Wells, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made/Created
S. Bardwell
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel, Wood
Drawknife
Name/Title
Drawknife
Entry/Object ID
2008.10.1
Description
Drawshave consisting of two turned handles connected by a black-lacquered piece of wood with an inset blade.
Context
Used by Alson Milo Brewer in Tunbridge, Vermont, or Fayette, Indiana
Acquisition
2008.10
Made/Created
D. R. Barton
1849-1874
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Steel, Brass
Relationships
Brewer, Alson Milo (1842-1908)
Related Place
Town
Tunbridge
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.112
Description
Metal drill bit with a flat tip, 3 edges, and a square connector. The shaft reads "5/0" with a "c" inside a diamond.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.108
Description
Metal drill bit that is round with 6 edges and flat top. There is a hole in the top of the bit. The shaft is round and smooth, and the connector is square. The manufacturer's mark reads, "R & T Co. - 5/16 - Made in USA".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.109
Description
Metal drill bit that is round with 5 edges and a flat top with a hole in the top of the bit. The shaft is round and smooth and the connector is square. The manufacturer's mark (hand cut) reads, "M.J. Daniels Tool Col. - 3/16 - HS" on shaft.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the original Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.110
Description
Metal drill bit with a pointed tip and square connector. The shaft bears the mark, "HS/No. 2" with a "c" inside a diamond.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Drill Bit
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Drill Bit
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.111
Description
Metal drill bit with a point tip and square connector. The shaft reads, "HS/ 4/0" with a "c" inside a diamond.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Driving Reigns
Name/Title
Driving Reigns
Entry/Object ID
1953.16ab
Description
Driving reigns consisting of two thick leather straps. At one end the straps double back on themselves, creating a loop. On the other end is a metal buckle.
Acquisition
1953.16
Materials
Leather
Dry Measure
Name/Title
Dry Measure
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.3
Description
Round bandbox measure.
Acquisition
1944.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Dutch Oven
Interpretative Labels
Pot, circa 1780 Iron Gift of Betty Jackson Anderson The Abijah Wheelock family was the first to settle permanently in Calais. On April 13, 1789, Abijah started on the seven-mile trip from Montpelier to Calais with his wife, Lois, and their six-month old baby. He pulled them and their family belongings on a hand sled over three feet of melting spring snow. The family story says that when they finally arrived in Calais at the end of that day, they cooked their first meal in this iron pot.
Name/Title
Dutch Oven
Entry/Object ID
1988.6.2
Description
Cast iron pot or kettle. The bulbous pot sits on three feet and has a round, circular body. It flares outward at the top. There is a handle consisting of a thick cast iron rod bent into a semi-circle and attached to ears on either side of the pot.
Context
Owned by Abijah Wheelock, the first permanent settler of Calais, Vermont. According to family history, he used this pot to cook their first meal after traveling to Calais from Montpelier.
Acquisition
1988.6
Made/Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Wheelock, Abijah
Related Place
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Ear Punch
Name/Title
Ear Punch
Entry/Object ID
2020.30.1a-x
Description
A metal instrument with black handles and rectangular plier ends with a track on one side into which several metal blocks with needles can be attached. The needles form numbers. The needles are pressed against what seems to be a rubber covering. The top is marked, "C.H. Dana Co. Inc. Hyde Park, Vermont".
Use
Used to tattoo the ears of livestock for identification purposes
Context
Made by C.H. Dana Company, Inc., of Hyde Park, Vermont.
Acquisition
2020.30
Made/Created
C. H. Dana Company, Incorporated
Lexicon
Eel Spear
Name/Title
Eel Spear
Entry/Object ID
1958.7
Description
Metal eel spear consisting of a short handle and 7 barbed tines. There are three U-shaped rods inserted through the central shaft to create the tines. Each has two backward-facing barbs. The handle is hollow for securing over a wooden handle.
Use
Used to spear eel through ice during the winter.
Context
Found on the bank of the Connecticut River in Westminster, Vermont, following the 1936 flood.
Acquisition
1958.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Westminster
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Eggbeater
Name/Title
Eggbeater
Entry/Object ID
1986.28.2
Description
A double-beater hand mixer or egg beater. It is made of stainless steel with a wooden handle that is painted red.
Context
Made by The Edlund Company of Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1986.28
Made/Created
Edlund Company
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel, Wood
Eggbeater
Name/Title
Eggbeater
Entry/Object ID
1994.16
Description
Metal eggbeater with wooden grip and turning handle. The eggbeater has two whisks or beaters that turn with a cranked central wheel. The beaters have a round shaped with 4 curved steel blades attached to a single post in the center. The drive wheel has a series of openings pierced around the edge. One side of the wheel is stamped with the label, "EDLUND COMPANY / BURLINGTON, VT. / PATENT NO. 1789224 - OTHER PAT. PENDING / MADE IN THE U.S.A."
Context
Made by the Edlund Company in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1994.16
Made/Created
Edlund Company
1929-1931
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Steel, Wood
Electric Lamp
Name/Title
Electric Lamp
Entry/Object ID
2011.51
Description
Turned wooden electric lamp with metallic blue lacquer. The shaft consists of two round wooden pieces carved to spiral around a central metal post. A small plaque on the base reads, "BUILT BY LUCIEN BOLDUC 1957 SPAULDING HIGH SCHOOL".
Context
Made by Lucien Bolduc at Spaulding High School in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2011.51
Made/Created
Artist
Bolduc, Lucien
Bolduc, Lucien
1957
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Spaulding High School
Electric Motor
Name/Title
Electric Motor
Entry/Object ID
1899.1
Description
Magnet wound with cord. It has a pivoting shaft through the center that is crossed at right angles by an arm, which nearly touches the sides of the magnet.
Context
Invented in Montpelier, Vermont by Wareham A. Chase in 1841. Chase was a jeweler in Montpelier and displayed this perpetual motion engine in his window.
Acquisition
1899.1
Made/Created
Artist
Chase, Wareham A. (1817-1911)
1841
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Elevator Switch
Name/Title
Elevator Switch
Entry/Object ID
1974.8.1
Description
Round elevator switch with the inscription, "OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY / PATENTED / DATES ON MACHINE". A cut electrical cord extends from on side, and a round wooden handle from the other.
Context
Installed in the Pavilion Hotel in Montpelier, Vermont
Acquisition
1974.8
Made/Created
Otis Elevator Co.
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
,
Ember Carrier
Name/Title
Ember Carrier
Entry/Object ID
1963.35
Description
Small soapstone box. The box is carved from a single piece of soapstone and has no lid.
Use
Used to carry hot coals to an unlit fire in order to get it lit. According to family history, if their fire went out, they would look to the neighbors' chimneys to see whose fire was lit in order to get embers, using this box to carry them back.
Context
Used by the family of Isaac Merriam in Hyde Park, Vermont
Acquisition
1963.35
Made/Created
1848
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Soapstone
Relationships
Merriam, Isaac
Related Place
Town
Hyde Park
County
Lamoille County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Embossing Press
Name/Title
Embossing Press
Entry/Object ID
1972.61.2
Description
Iron embossing stamp. The stamp consists of an ear-shaped metal arm spanning between a square base pedestal and a round stamp head. The top press button is stamped into a decorative floral pattern.
Use
Used to stamp the dates into railroad tickets.
Context
Used on the Woodstock Railway
Acquisition
1972.61
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Woodstock Railway
Related Place
Town
Woodstock
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Emery Wheel
Name/Title
Emery Wheel
Entry/Object ID
1939.1
Description
Round emery wheel with a hole in the center.
Use
Used to sharped tools, blades, or cutlery
Context
Made in the factory of Edgar Merrill in West Charleston, Vermont. Said to have been invented by Artemus Willard, but the patent paperwork was conned away from Merrill in Boston.
Acquisition
1939.1
Made/Created
Artist
Willard, Artemus
circa 1868
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Merrill, Edgar
Related Place
City
Boston
State/Province
Massachusetts
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.128
Description
Hand metal file, flat with wood & metal handle, red tang and heel. Handle has the name "Troy Best" imprinted. File has "Simonds Mill Smooth, USA" on heel.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
Simonds Mill
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.129
Description
Round metal file with wood handle & silver-tone metal cap into which tang is inserted. It has a slightly tapeered point. Made by Nicholson, U.S.A. Tow deep parallel scratches with a sross scratch between them on handle.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.130
Description
Round metal file with wood handle, metal cap into which tang is inserteg; tapered point; handle is tapered in center for a better grip; no manufacturing mark
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.131
Description
Round metal file, no handle, slightly tapered point; above tang is imprinted "BAST".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.132
Description
Round metal file, no handle. Manufacturing mark on tang, but not fully legible. Starts with an "S..." and made in U.S.A.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.133
Description
Pillar metal file with no handle; slightly tapered point; tang shows marking of initials "J. B. S."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.134
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, tapered point. No manufacturer's marks.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.135
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, point not tapered; overall length = 10 ¼"; no manufacturer's marks.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.136
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, point slightly tapered; overall length = 7 13/16"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
Building
Vermont State House
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.137
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle; overall length = 7 5/8" ; three manufacturer's marks on heel, above tang: Nicholson - Made in U.S.A. - Warranted.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.138
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 7 3/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.139
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, point not tapered; overall length = 6 7/8"; mark on tang: "ARCAD."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.140
Description
Triangular metal file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 7"; manufacturer's mark on tang: Nicholson - Made in U.S.A. - Warranted.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.141
Description
Triangular file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 6 5/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.142
Description
Triangular file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 6 9/16"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.143
Description
Triangular file, no handle, point not tapered; overall length = 6 5/16"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.144
Description
Triangular file, no handle, tapered point; overall length = 5 7/8"; three stars stamped into tang, with "OAS-USA" also imprinted on another side of the tang; no heel on this file and tang is only slight tapered with a bend at the end.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.145
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, slightly tapered, squared off end; overall length = 10 ¼"; has a definite heel; manufacturer's mark on file heel shows an anvil with letters, possibly "PT" or "RT" and below that "CO."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.146
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, point not tapered but squared off; overall length = 8 7/16"; manufacturer's mark shows a zero above the name Nicholson, on heel.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.147
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, squared point; overall length = 8 ½"; manufacturer's mark on heel shows a "1" and Nicholson.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.148
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, squared point; overall length = 8 5/16"; manufacturer's mark on heel shows a "1" and Nicholson.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.149
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, slightly tapered point; overall length = 5 5/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.150
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, point not tapered, squared off; overall length = 6"; manufacturer's mark on heel showing a zero and Nicholson.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File
Name/Title
File
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.155
Description
Metal hand file, no handle, broken untampered tang, or possible part of the file itself as it has ridges; square end damaged; length = 7 1/8"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
File, Portable
Name/Title
File, Portable
Entry/Object ID
1965.63.4
Description
Leather account case or roll. The long strip of leather is stored rolled up and unrolls to expose alphabetized slots to hold narrow paper receipts and payment notations. The slots are formed by weaving a narrow strip of leather through evenly-placed slits along the center of the roll.
Context
Likely used by a shopkeeper in Berkshire, Vermont
Acquisition
1965.63
Made/Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Fire Bucket
Name/Title
Fire Bucket
Entry/Object ID
1954.36.19
Description
Leather fire bucket with leather handle. The handle connects to the bucket with heavy-gauge wire rings. The bucket is painted green with a black stenciled label, now illegible.
Acquisition
1954.36
Lexicon
Materials
Leather
Fireplace Tongs
Name/Title
Fireplace Tongs
Entry/Object ID
1964.15.3a
Description
Large iron tongs with circular ends. The connecting end flares outward in a U shape before meeting in a single post that culminates in a round finial.
Use
Used to pick up burning embers from within a fire.
Context
Found in West Hubbardton, Vermont. Believed to have been used by a British encampment there during the Revolutionary War.
Acquisition
1964.15
Made/Created
1806
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Hubbardton
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Related Event
American Revolutionary War
Firkin
Name/Title
Firkin
Entry/Object ID
1954.17.6
Description
White-painted wooden firkin. The firkin is made of narrow wooden board held together with metal straps. There is a U-shaped metal handle.
Acquisition
1954.17
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal, Paint
Fish Spear
Name/Title
Fish Spear
Entry/Object ID
2017.3.20
Description
Wooden fishing spear consisting of a long turned wooden handle culminating in two side wings and central carved spike. The wings are held onto the handle with jute twine, and the spike is inserted into the center of the handle.

Reproduction.
Context
Made by students at Johnson State College for the Lake Champlain Quadricentennial Celebration in 2007.
Acquisition
2017.3
Made/Created
2007
Ethnography
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Johnson State College
Flail
Name/Title
Flail
Entry/Object ID
1997.41.2
Description
Wooden flail consisting of two round wooden dowel that taper slightly toward one end. The wider ends are connected with a buckled leather strap.
Context
Used by a member of the Taplin family of Corinth, Vermont or a member of the Cunningham family of Bradford, Vermont
Acquisition
1997.41
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Relationships
,
Flint
Name/Title
Flint
Entry/Object ID
1935.4.2a-c
Description
Leather wallet with an arrowhead-shaped flint and c-shaped iron striker.
Use
Used to start fires
Context
Owned by Jehiel Johns, the first settler of Huntington, Vermont
Acquisition
1935.4
Made/Created
1786
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Iron, Flint
Relationships
Johns, Jehiel
Related Place
Town
Huntington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Flour Bag
Name/Title
Flour Bag
Entry/Object ID
2020.27.1
Description
Zip-top plastic bag. The bag is red and white with the label, "UNBLEACHED ALL-PURPOSE FLOUR". It has a large label showing a crusader surrounded by the inscription, "King Arthur Flour". The back of the bag is printed with nutritional information and a note saying, "During these unprecedented times, and as we work to restock stores around the country, we're finding new ways to supply you with flour so that you can keep baking. To help bridge the gap until stores are restocked nationwide, we're offering this 3lb. bag of flour for a limited time."
Context
Made by King Arthur Flour as a response to nation-wide flour shortages at the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Acquisition
2020.27
Made/Created
King Arthur Baking Company
2020
Lexicon
Relationships
Related Event
Covid-19 Pandemic
Folding Rule
Name/Title
Folding Rule
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.4
Description
Bi-folding ruler. Each half is 12-inches long with brass ends and joint. Demarcations are 1/8" along one edge, 1/16" the other.
Context
Made in Brattleboro, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made/Created
1830-1870
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Brass
Folding Ruler
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Folding Ruler
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.99
Description
Folding ruler (or rule) made of brass-mounted boxwood with a brass knuckle hinge and an arch joint. There are four sections when open. The markings are only on hte wood, not the brass. There are small brass pins to keep the ruler together when folded. The manufacturer's mark reads "W. & L. E. Gurley."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
W. & L. E. Gurley
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Boxwood, Brass
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Folding Ruler
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Folding Ruler
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.98
Description
Folding ruler (or rule) of brass-mounted boxwood with a brass knuckle hinge and a square joint. It consists of 4 sections when open. The markings, both numerical and alphabetical, run on the wood as well as the brass, including on the edges, with depth measurements. There are small brass pins to keep the ruler together when folded. The manufacturer's mark reads, "W. & L. E. Gurley."
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
W. & L. E. Gurley
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Boxwood, Brass
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Folding Ruler
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Folding Ruler
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.100
Description
Two-fold wooden ruler (or rule) with brass slide and knuckle hinge. There is a single brass pin to keep the ruler together when folded.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Brass
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Food Chopper
Name/Title
Food Chopper
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.13
Description
Meat and food chopper with a wooden handle and curved blade. The turned wooden handle is attached to the metal portion at the center. It sits parallel to the blade.
Context
Used in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Ludlow
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Food Mold
Name/Title
Food Mold
Entry/Object ID
1946.16.3
Description
Iron food mold consisting of 9 cushion-shaped molds attached corner-to-side to form a single piece. The outside of the molds are marked with two-to-three letters per individual mold that together read, "MRS HILTON CHESTER VERMONT." The back half of the mold is missing.
Context
Owned by Mrs. Hilton Chester in Vermont
Acquisition
1946.16
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Iron
Food Storage Box
Name/Title
Food Storage Box
Entry/Object ID
1944.9.3a-b
Description
Round wooden box with cover, no handle.
Acquisition
1944.9
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Foot Warmer
Name/Title
Foot Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1951.7
Description
Foot warmer consisting of a wooden frame and punched tin sides. The wooden frame has a square top and bottom connected with turned wooden columns at each corner. The columns are painted gold. Inside the frame is a punched tin box. The punches are in the shape of a circle with a heart in the center and hearts in the corners. There are two eye rings on the top for attaching a wire handle.
Use
When filled with coals or hot ashes, the box could act as a small, portable heater.
Acquisition
1951.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Foot Warmer
Name/Title
Foot Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1922.2.1a-b
Description
Wooden foot warmer with metal insert. The warmer is a red-painted wooden box with holes drilled into the top (and two large splits). A wire handle attaches to either side. Inside the box is a metal dish above a flat sheet of metal.
Acquisition
1922.2
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Foot Warmer
Name/Title
Foot Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1934.3
Description
Punched metal footwarmer. The sides are punched with holes in circular designs as wells as diamond shaped that do not pierce through the metal. One side opens outward and has a looped wire handle. The wooden frame and bail are now missing.
Use
Filled with hot coals, this could be used as a small, portable heater.
Context
Used by Mary Barrett Crane in Townshend, Vermont
Acquisition
1934.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Crane, Mary Barrett (1821-1860)
Related Place
Town
Townshend
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Foot Warmer
Name/Title
Foot Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1947.6.8a
Description
Foot warmer consisting of a wooden frame and punched tin sides. The wooden frame has a square top and bottom connected with turned wooden columns at each corner. Inside the frame is a punched tin box. the punches are in the shape of a circle with a cross through the center and 5-pointed stars in each quadrant. There is a U-shaped wire handle across the top.
Acquisition
1947.6
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Grafton
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Foot Warmer
Name/Title
Foot Warmer
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.23
Description
Foot warmer consisting of a wooden frame and punched tin sides. The wooden frame has a square top and bottom connected with turned wooden columns at each corner. The columns are painted red. Inside the frame is a punched tin box. The punches are in the shape of a circle with a heart in the center. There is a wire handle across the top.
Use
When filled with coals or hot ashes, the box could act as a small, portable heater.
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Fragments
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Fragments
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.121a-d
Description
Four metal fragments. Two appear to be small wedges, one is S-shaped, and one has ridges.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Froe
Name/Title
Froe
Entry/Object ID
1947.2.3
Description
Shingle froe consisting of a thick metal blade set perpendicularly onto a short, round wooden handle.
Context
Owned by Alfred Wheelock of Plymouth, Vermont
Acquisition
1947.2
Lexicon
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Plymouth
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Garment Rack
Name/Title
Garment Rack
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.75a-x
Description
Clothing rack set in the shape of a fawn. The rack is disassembled, but includes a head, two ears, a long neck, a body, a tail, and three long legs. The pieces are in the original box and accompanied by the assembly instructions. The box is printed with the label, "#303 FAWN TRAINING CLOTHES RACK NEWTON AND THOMPSON, INC. BRANDON, VERMONT / BLUE".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
circa 1950-circa 1970
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Glass Plate Negative
Name/Title
Glass Plate Negative
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.3a-f
Description
6 glass plate negatives in their sleeves, presumably undeveloped. Each sleeve consists of a wooden frame with a leather hinge on the bottom, similar to a bookbinding. The center part of one side is black-dyed wood or cardstock, while the other is black mica. The mica side attaches to a wooden handle that spans the width of the frame in order to be pulled up to expose the glass plate to light. The handle is held in place by a t-pin to prevent accidental exposure. The pin can be twisted when the user is ready to expose the plates. The top of either side of each frame is marked in pencil with "Portrait No. " and numbered 1-12. The inscription, "ROCHESTER OPTICAL CO./ROCHESTER, N.Y." is pressed into the side of each frame.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
Rochester Optical & Camera Company
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal, Mica, Glass
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Glass Plate Negatives
Name/Title
Glass Plate Negatives
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.19a-f
Description
Sheaths (6) for glass plate negatives. Each sheath consists of a black metal rectangle with the edges folded in. They each bear the inscription "No. 3/EASTMAN FILM/SHEATH/5 X 7/MADE IN U.S.A./BY/EASTMAN KODAK CO./ROCHESTER, N. Y./PATENTED IN U. S. A./MAY 11, 1915."
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
Eastman Kodak Co.
1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Glove Box
Name/Title
Glove Box
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.76
Description
An intricately carved wooden box with a key. A previous display label says it is a glove box from the orphanage of the Trinitarian Nuns of Lyon. The carving is of vines, with a cross on the lid. It is lined with red velvet.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Silk
Gluepot
Name/Title
Gluepot
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.107a-b
Description
Metal gluepot consisting of inner and outer sections. The inner section lifts out of the larger put with a wire handle. The larger pot is molded with the label, "000".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Gold Leaf
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Gold Leaf
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.122
Description
Blue paper packet of gold leaf, which has turned mostly to powder.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Materials
Gold, Paper
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Griddle
Name/Title
Griddle
Entry/Object ID
1955.30.1
Description
Metal tray formed to fit over two stove burners. The short edges are rounded with stationary handles.
Acquisition
1955.30
Lexicon
Materials
Iron
Hair Dryer
Interpretative Labels
Hair Dryer, 1950-1960 Standard Products Corp. Whitman, MA Metal Gift of Olive Romerio Franzi, 2008.59.5ab Some innovations are no less important because they are small and highly personal. The hair dryer was invented in France in the 1890s, and became available for personal purchase in the 1920s. By the 1950s and 1960s, two major changes had greatly improved the tool: using plastic for the casing, making it lighter and easier to hold up for the necessary time, and an improved electrical motor, making it heat up faster and more efficiently. Millions of American women entered the workforce during World War II, and many of them never left, continuing to make gains through the second half of the 20th century. With that rising tide of women’s participation in the economy and the business life of America came the need for less expensive, more accessible beauty products, of which the hair dryer was one. This hair dryer, the “Handy Hannah” model, was made out of metal, but had other improvements: it was one of the first to introduce a heat control mechanism. It was especially popular during the 1950s, and belonged to a woman in Montpelier whose career spanned five decades with Green Mountain Power.
Name/Title
Hair Dryer
Entry/Object ID
2008.59.5a-b
Description
Blue metal electric hair dryer on a stand. Dryer removes from the stand to become a hand-held model. There are two switches, one for ON/OFF and one for HOT/COLD. A metal plate attached to the hand-held piece identifies this as a HANDY-HANNAH electric Hair dryer from the Standard Products Corp, Whitman, Mass. It states 215 watts - 110 - 20 volts, A.C. only, 50-60 cycles, Cat No. 595. It also has the UL symbol. The handle is a light colored wood. The electric cord is blue.

a= dryer
b=stand
Acquisition
2008.59
Made/Created
Standard Products Corporation
1950-1960
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hair Sieve
Name/Title
Hair Sieve
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.89
Description
Sieve with a horsehair mesh and bentwood frame.
Acquisition
1957.1
Lexicon
Hammer
Name/Title
Hammer
Entry/Object ID
1972.36.1c
Description
Hammer consisting of a metal head with roughly carved wooden handle.
Context
Used by Arthur Loomis in Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1972.36
Made/Created
circa 1780
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron
Relationships
Loomis, Arthur
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hammer
Name/Title
Hammer
Entry/Object ID
1982.35.1
Description
Pneumatic hammer. The hammer is a round, hollow tube of metal with a large hole in one end and a protruding nut on the other.
Context
Used by Vincent Illuzzi in Barre, Vermont.
Acquisition
1982.35
Made/Created
Dallett Co.
1930-1940
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Illuzzi, Vincent (1920-2013)
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hand Card
Name/Title
Hand Card
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.14a-b
Description
Pair of flax cards consisting of wooden paddles with wooden handles. One side of each rectangular paddle is covered with a leather pad stuck through with closely packed metal teeth, each slightly bent toward the handle. The pads are tacked to the paddles around the edge.
Use
Used to straighten flax fibers prior to spinning
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Leather, Metal
Hand Card
Name/Title
Hand Card
Entry/Object ID
1957.1.90a-b
Description
Two rectangular wooden paddles with short metal wires set into one side.
Use
Used to pull wool fibers parallel in preparation for spinning
Context
Owned by Sarah Rice Goddard in Reading, Vermont
Acquisition
1957.1
Made/Created
19th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall (each)
Materials
Wood, Iron
Relationships
Goddard, Sarah Rice (1800-1875)
Related Place
Town
Reading
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hand Drill
Name/Title
Hand Drill
Entry/Object ID
1958.6
Description
Fragment of a metal hand drill consisting of a solid metal bar.
Context
Found in an iron mine in West Dover, Vermont, in 1925
Acquisition
1958.6
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Dover
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Handle
Name/Title
Handle
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.151
Description
Wood handle, rounded and elongated, with silvertone cap and protruding threaded tip; length = 3 ¾"; no manufacturer's mark.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Harness Maker's Vise
Name/Title
Harness Maker's Vise
Entry/Object ID
1957.11a-c
Description
Wooden harness maker's vise consisting of a bone-shaped bench with a large wooden vise attached to the middle. The vise is fitted with leather straps, and there are two wooden arms attached to its base.
Acquisition
1957.11
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Leather
Hatchel
Name/Title
Hatchel
Entry/Object ID
1934.2.1
Description
Hatchel consisting of several large, iron spikes on a wooden paddle. The spikes are arranged in a rectangle, 10 spikes long and 4 spikes wide. The paddle-shaped base has a handle with a hole drilled through it for hanging.
Use
Used to break the stem off flax fibers
Acquisition
1934.2
Lexicon
Hatchel
Name/Title
Hatchel
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.1a-b
Description
Hatchel consisting of a wooden board with metal spikes and a wooden cover. The spikes are placed in offset parallel and sharpened to points on the end. The cover fits snugly over the spikes. The initials, "J.T.J.C." are carved into it.
Use
Used to break the stem off flax fibers.
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Hatchel
Name/Title
Hatchel
Entry/Object ID
1940.11.1a-b
Description
Hatchel consisting of a wooden board with metal spikes and a wooden cover. The spikes are placed in offset parallel and sharpened to points on the end. The cover fits snugly over the spikes.
Use
Used to break the stem off flax fibers
Context
Used by the family of Simeon B. Titus in Vershire, Vermont
Acquisition
1940.11
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Titus, Simeon B.
Related Place
Town
Vershire
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hatchel
Name/Title
Hatchel
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.17a-b
Description
Hatchel consisting of a wooden board with metal spikes and a wooden cover. The spikes are placed in offset parallel and sharpened to points on the end. The cover fits snugly over the spikes.
Use
Used to break the stem off flax fibers
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Hatchet
Name/Title
Hatchet
Entry/Object ID
1957.2.13
Description
Metal head of a hatchet or broad axe, marked "Mansfield . . . OBOND"
Acquisition
1957.2
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Hay Knife
Name/Title
Hay Knife
Entry/Object ID
1954.14
Description
Hay knife consisting of two blades forming a V shape at the end of a long metal shaft. At the opposite end of the shaft is a turned wooden handle, set perpendicular to the shaft.
Acquisition
1954.14
Lexicon
Dimensions
Hay Rake
Name/Title
Hay Rake
Entry/Object ID
1994.29
Description
Large wooden "bull" hay rake. The handle is a Y-shape made of two bent wood pieces. The handle attached perpendicular to a wooden rod. Five large tines spaced evening across the rod point back in the same direction as the handle. 20 large tines are pointed perpendicular to the direction of the handle.
Use
Pulled by hand to rake up the scattered hay left by a horse rake forming windrows.
Context
Used by Robert C. Morey in West Fairlee, Vermont
Acquisition
1994.29
Made/Created
circa 1920
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Morey, Robert C.
Related Place
Town
Fairlee
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hayfork
Name/Title
Hayfork
Entry/Object ID
1946.39
Description
Two tined pitchfork or hayfork with long wooden handle.
Acquisition
1946.39
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Hayfork
Name/Title
Hayfork
Entry/Object ID
1926.9
Description
Two-pronged hayfork consisting of a long, turned wooden handle and a metal tines.
Context
In 1852, John Kinsley fell onto this hayfork, impaling himself through the stomach. As he was alone at the time, he managed to remove the hayfork and walk to the house. He was eventually healed and went on to represent Fletcher, Vermont, in the state legislature.
Acquisition
1926.9
Made/Created
1850
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Wood
Relationships
Kinsley, John (1810-1892)
Related Place
Town
Fletcher
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hayfork
Name/Title
Hayfork
Entry/Object ID
1935.2
Description
The head of a pitchfork (without its handle). The piece consists of two tines and a tang.
Acquisition
1935.2
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Heddles
Name/Title
Heddles
Entry/Object ID
1955.28.8
Description
Bundle of metal heddles tied together with purple yarn. Each heddle has an eye at the center and either end.
Acquisition
1955.28
Lexicon
Hem Marker
Name/Title
Hem Marker
Entry/Object ID
1953.52.12a-b
Description
"The Climax Skirt Marker" hem marker. The tool consists of two turned wooden rods with a small dowel to connect them. One rod has several holes drilled down its length. The tool is accompanied by a page of directions (in file).
Use
A small paintbrush dipped in chalk powder is inserted into a hole on the rod the desired distance from the ground. The end of the rod is placed on the ground, and the marker is moved around the skirt, marking the desired hem length with chalk powder.
Acquisition
1953.52
Made/Created
1910
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Historic Relic
Name/Title
Historic Relic
Entry/Object ID
1864.1ab
Description
Wood fragment and piece of paper documentation. The wood board has a hole drilled through one corner, into which a blue ribbon has been attached.
Context
From the first framed building in Burlington, built by Stephen Lawrence. Taken from the structure in 1864 by Sarah E. Lund.
Acquisition
1864.1
Made/Created
1783-1793
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Lawrence, Stephen ( -1789)
Hoe
Name/Title
Hoe
Entry/Object ID
1953.4.1
Description
Head of a hoe. The head consists of a flat metal blade with a circular piece for attaching to a wooden handle.
Acquisition
1953.4
Made/Created
1815-1830
Lexicon
Materials
Iron
Hole Punch
Name/Title
Hole Punch
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.153
Description
Metal too with one square end one end shaped like a tube; slot in one side that is tapered; tube end has a piece of wood inserted tightly in it; square end looks like a nail head; on the square end is the manufacturer's mark "V & B No. 8" (possibly Vaughan & Bushnell); overall it looks similar to a nail set or punch; length = 3 15/16".
Use
Used to punch holes in leather
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Hollowing Adz
Name/Title
Hollowing Adz
Entry/Object ID
1958.38.3
Description
Hollowing adz consisting of a long wooden handle with a curved metal blade set perpendicular to it.
Context
Owned by Josiah Chase (1801-1879)
Acquisition
1958.38
Lexicon
Hoof Parer
Name/Title
Hoof Parer
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.19
Description
Hoof parer consisting of an L-shaped metal tool attached to a turned wooden handle. The handle ends in a round knob.
Use
Used to reshape a hoof back to its standard size by trimming it.
Acquisition
1944.7
Lexicon
Hook
Name/Title
Hook
Entry/Object ID
1955.16ab
Description
Hook formed from a pine branch. There is a nail through one side to attach it to a wall.
Use
Used for hanging saddles
Context
Found in the caretaker's apartment at Kent's Tavern in Calais, Vermont
Acquisition
1955.16
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Village
Kent's Corner
Town
Calais
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Hourglass
Name/Title
Hourglass
Entry/Object ID
1935.5.1a-c
Description
Hourglass consisting of a teardrop-shaped glass bottle inside a cylindrical wooden cage. The cage consists of two round pieces of wood connected with five turned wood posts. One half of the glass is missing.
Context
Owned by Lucien A. Edson in Randolph, Vermont
Acquisition
1935.5
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Glass
Relationships
Edson, Lucian A. (1843-1918)
Related Place
Town
Randolph
County
Orange County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Howell Plane
Name/Title
Howell Plane
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.7
Description
Wooden tool with iron blade. The tool is roughly a semicircle with round handles on either end. One side has an attached smaller semicircle, the other a 1/12" iron blade inserted like a plane.
Use
Used by a cooper to cut the groove around the gathered staves to receive the head.
Acquisition
1975.494
Made/Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron
Ice Tongs
Name/Title
Ice Tongs
Entry/Object ID
1947.6.10b
Description
Hand-forged iron ice tongs consisting of two metal rods connected at a hinge in the center. One handle is oval and the other is a straight rod. The tongs arch outward before coming inward near the end. The end of each side is bent into a point.
Use
Used for moving large blocks of ice
Context
Owned by John Barrett of Grafton, Vermont
Acquisition
1947.6
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Barrett, John (1776-1856)
Related Place
Town
Grafton
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Ice Tongs
Name/Title
Ice Tongs
Entry/Object ID
1987.11.1
Description
Hand-forged iron ice tongs consisting of two metal rods connected at a hinge in the center. The handles are ovals, and the tongs arch outward before coming inward near the end. The end of each side is bent into a point.
Use
Used for moving large blocks of ice
Context
Made by Herb Neil in Plainfield, Vermont
Acquisition
1987.11
Made/Created
Artist
Neil, Herb
Lexicon
Ice Tongs
Name/Title
Ice Tongs
Entry/Object ID
1966.15.7
Description
Hand-forged iron ice tongs consisting of two metal rods connected at a hinge in the center. The handles are ovals, and the tongs arch outward before coming inward near the end. The end of each side is bent into a point.
Use
Used for moving large blocks of ice
Acquisition
1966.15
Lexicon
Dimensions
Inkwell
Name/Title
Inkwell
Entry/Object ID
1946.15.1
Description
Round, soapstone inkwell. The top has three small holes around a large, central hole. The sides are scribed with vertical lines.
Acquisition
1946.15
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Iron
Name/Title
Iron
Entry/Object ID
1955.6
Description
Metal steam iron consisting of a triangular base, an upper pipe, and a wooden handle. There is a door at the back that opens with a lever. There is a curved piece of metal between the handle and the large base.
Use
Used to steam and press the wrinkles out of clothes. Hot charcoal would be inserted through the back opening, causing the bottom to become hot and heat to escape through the front pipe.
Acquisition
1955.6
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Jack Plane
Name/Title
Jack Plane
Entry/Object ID
1994.51.1
Description
Hand-held woodworking plane with a knob at the front and a shaped wooden handle at the back. Both are attached to a metal base, and the blade sits at an angle from the front to the top of the handle. Near knob at the front of the plane are the words "Bailey" and "No. 4." Underneath the handle at the other end of the tool are patent dates: Mar-25-02, Aug-19-02 and Apr-19-10.
Context
Used by Joseph A. Gassette of Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1994.51
Made/Created
circa 1910
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron, Steel
Relationships
Gassette, Joseph A. (1861-1930)
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Jewelry Box
Name/Title
Jewelry Box
Entry/Object ID
1979.5.1a-b
Description
Rectangular jewelry or trinket box made of red Swanton marble. Each side of the box is convex with four facets, as is the lid. The underside of the lid is completely flat, allowing it to slide freely across the top of the box. The center of the lid has a conical knob that flares toward the top. The interior is lined with low-pile velvet.
Context
Made by Frank Root in Swanton, Vermont out of marble from Swanton, Vermont
Acquisition
1979.5
Made/Created
Artist
Root, Frank A. (1881-1952)
1952
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Marble
Jig
Name/Title
Jig
Entry/Object ID
2013.16a-c
Description
Wooden basket-making jig consisting of a movable arm and a round holder. The arm lifts by pulling on an attached handle that protrudes from the beneath the holder. There are an additional holder beam.
Context
Made and used by Newton Washburn
Acquisition
2013.16
Made/Created
Artist
Washburn, Newton Everett (1915-2011)
Ethnography
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Stowe
County
Lamoille County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Jigsaw
Name/Title
Jigsaw
Entry/Object ID
1976.14.3
Description
Wooden jig saw, set up for a belt driven operation. The saw is attached to a rectangular table. There is a treadle at the bottom that is attached to an upper treadle with a metal pole. The opposite end of the upper treadle is attached to the saw blade, moving it up and down.
Context
Found in Middlebury, Vermont
Acquisition
1976.14
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Middlebury
County
Addison County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Jointer Plane
Name/Title
Jointer Plane
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.14
Description
Double bladed jointer plane with wedge tapers in the front. The blade bears a mark that cannot be read without removing it. End of block has incised mark, "H H READ/WILMINGTON, VT".
Context
Made by H. H. Read in Wilmington, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made/Created
H. H. Read
1858-1859
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Kettle
Name/Title
Kettle
Entry/Object ID
1919.4.4a-b
Description
Brass kettle or Dutch oven with lid. The round pot has straight, flared sides, and a thick wire handle that attaches to either end of the rim.
Context
Carred by John Eddy from East Calais, Vermont, to Walden, Vermont, ca. 1800.
Acquisition
1919.4
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Eddy, John
,
Kettle
Name/Title
Kettle
Entry/Object ID
1953.18.1a-b
Description
Cast iron tea kettle molded with a swirled design.
Context
Owned by Enoch Day, Jr. in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.18
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Day, Enoch (1803-1881)
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
1953.40.11
Description
Large metal key with the bit set perpendicular to the shaft.
Context
From the house of Enoch and Lucy Day in Ludlow, Vermont
Acquisition
1953.40
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Iron
Relationships
Day, Enoch (1803-1881), Day, Lucy Munro Hale (1816-1887)
Related Place
Town
Ludlow
County
Windsor County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
1976.19.2
Description
Small key attached to a large tag. The key is attached to the tag with a metal o-ring. The tag is stamped with a logo of the letter P within a wreath and the label, "416 / PAVILION HOTEL / MONTPELIER VT."
Context
Used to open room 416 of the Pavilion Hotel in Montpelier, Vermont. Owned by William Doty, the last resident of the hotel.
Acquisition
1976.19
Lexicon
Materials
Metal
Relationships
,
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
1976.19.3
Description
Small metal key attached to a large, plastic tag with a metal o-ring. The black plastic tag is printed with the label, "HOTEL PAVILION MONTPELIER, VERMONT 416" and a circular label saying, "DROP IN ANY MAIL BOX / WE GUARANTEE POSTAGE". "O. W. Doty" is scratched into the back of the tag, and "416" is stamped into the key.
Context
Used to open room 416 of the Pavilion Hotel in Montpelier, Vermont. Owned by William Doty, the last resident of the hotel.
Acquisition
1976.19
Lexicon
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
,
Key
Name/Title
Key
Entry/Object ID
1976.19.4
Description
Small metal key attached to a large, plastic tag with a metal o-ring. The black plastic tag is printed with the label, "HOTEL PAVILION MONTPELIER, VERMONT 416" and a circular label saying, "DROP IN ANY MAIL BOX / WE GUARANTEE POSTAGE". "O. W. Doty" is scratched into the back of the tag, and "416" is stamped into the key.
Context
Used to open the door to room 416 in the Pavilion Hotel in Montpelier, Vermont. Owned by William Doty, the last resident of the hotel.
Acquisition
1976.19
Lexicon
Materials
Metal, Plastic
Relationships
,
Kitchen Strainer
Name/Title
Kitchen Strainer
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.13
Description
Tin strainer with handle. The strainer is in the form of a cup or dipper with holes drilled through the base.
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Tin
Knife
Interpretative Labels
In 1938, the statue of Ceres on top of the gold dome of the Vermont State House was removed. The hand from that statue can be seen elsewhere in this case. 87-year-old Dwight Dwinnell, Sergeant-at-Arms of the State House, used these tools to carve a replacement for it based on Mead's original. Dwinnell's Ceres is considered today to be an important piece of folk art, and recently underwent restoration.
Name/Title
Knife
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.116
Description
Knife with hand-carved wooden handle, and a brass ring where the blade and the handle connect. The blade is angled at the tip.
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Brass, Wood
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Related Place
City
Montpelier
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Knife
Name/Title
Knife
Entry/Object ID
2017.10.156
Description
Knife, wood handle, metal blade with a squared-off angled tip; brass cap between the blade and the handle; no manufacturer's mark; length = 5".
Context
This was in the toolbox of Dwight Joseph Dwinell, who carved the second Ceres statue at the top of the cupola of the Capitol Building.
Acquisition
2017.10
Made/Created
1890-1938
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Dwinnell, Dwight Joseph (1851-1940)
Label Printer
Interpretative Labels
Monarch Pathfinder Label Printer, 1915 Monarch Marking System Company (1901-present) Dayton, OH Metal, wood Gift of Edward Corrigan, #2006.61.25 Some pieces of technology in Vermont were widely available commercially and highly specific to their specific jobs. This label printing machine came from The Homer Fitts Company, a clothing and dry goods store that operated on Main Street in Barre for 120 years, from 1886-2006. It was used to create price tags and could be customized in-house using the interchangeable type in the drawer on the bottom. Interestingly, Monarch still makes a label printer called the Pathfinder today.
Name/Title
Label Printer
Entry/Object ID
2006.61.25a-b
Description
Crank printing press for stamping out price tags, with drawer at bottom containing price type (numbers and letters).

The main unit is black metal with an inside space for housing a roll of blank price tags. On the right side is a circular crank with a wooden knob. The type is inserted into a mechanism at the top, which contains rollers and an ink pad. The tags thread through to the front where they may be individually torn off. Along side this is a metal attachment which reads: "Insert ticket strip here and push to here" with an arrow indicating direction. The blank price tags are imprinted at the top: "The Homer Fitts Co./ Barre, Vermont". A circular metal green label with black printing is attached to the metal crank on the side and imprinted: "MONARCH PATHFINDER" with a lion's heads on each side, and printed in the center: "A Product of THE MONARCH/ Marking System Company/ Dayton, Ohio. L.A. Calif." This metal unit sits on a wooden base and has a metal label attached to front which reads: "THE/ MONARCH/ MARKING SYSTEM COMPANY" and gives factory locations, patent numbers and model number.

A drawer in the wooden base holds the metal letters and numbers.
Context
Used in the Homer Fitts Store in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2006.61
Made/Created
Monarch Marking System Company (1901-present)
1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal, Paper, Wood
Relationships
The Homer Fitts Company
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Lantern
Name/Title
Lantern
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.24
Description
Tin lantern with three glass sides. The sides are wrapped with heavy-gauge metal wire. There is a round tin handle at the top.
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Tin
Lathe
Name/Title
Lathe
Entry/Object ID
1976.14.2
Description
Foot-powered wood-turning lathe. The frame is entirely wood and shaped like a sawhorse. There is a large wheel beneath the frame at one side that turns with a foot treadle. A band (now missing) loops from the large wooden wheel to a small wheel bolted at the top of the frame. The small wheel is connected to a post. Another post is attached to the opposite side of the frame.
Use
Used to turn wood
Context
Attributed to a furniture factory in Cambridge, Vermont
Acquisition
1976.14
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Cambridge
County
Lamoille County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Lens
Name/Title
Lens
Entry/Object ID
2020.4.18ab
Description
Magifying camera lens with case. The lens consists of a higly curved, cicular piece of glass set into a round frame that extends forward on both the front and the back. The back of the frame is threaded for securing the lens into the camera. The frame bears the inscription "12 in." indicated focus distance. The case is a square, leather envelope secured with a snap.
Context
Used by George R. Bosworth in Berlin, VT
Acquisition
2020.4
Made/Created
1890-1915
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal, Glass, Leather
Relationships
Bosworth, George Ranney (1868-1915)
Related Place
Town
Berlin
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Log Rule
Name/Title
Log Rule
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.12
Description
Wooden rule with gradations scored into the edge and numerals applied with indelible black ink. One side bears the mark, "SCRIBNER", and the other says "Made by /C.S. Manchester/March 1889."
Handmade, very likely by a professional log scaler for his own use, The Scribner rule for calculating board feet from logs was invented by an engineer named Scribner.
Context
Made by C. S. Manchester
Acquisition
1975.494
Made/Created
C. S. Manchester
1889
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Magnet
Name/Title
Magnet
Entry/Object ID
1958.15
Description
Magnet consisting of 13 U-shaped pieces of iron clamped between two pieces of brass. The ends of the U-shaped pieces are attached to a rectangular piece of iron that has an iron loop in the center for hanging.
Context
Made by Thomas or Emily Davenport who, together, invented the first American DC electric motor in Brandon, Vermont
Acquisition
1958.15
Made/Created
Davenport, Thomas (1802-1851), Davenport, Emily Goss (1810-1862)
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Brass
Relationships
Davenport, Thomas (1802-1851)
Related Place
Village
Forestdale
Town
Brandon
County
Rutland County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Magnet
Interpretative Labels
Genl. James Whitelaw was chosen Surveyer General of Vermont, Oct. 1787, being the second Surveyer General, was re-elected every year till 1805, a period of 18 years. In 1783 whilst deputy Surveyor under Ira Allen (the then Surveyer General) he ordered a compass to be made by John Gardner of Glasgow, Scotland, which he received in 1784. This compass with chain, magnet &c. he used during the rest of his life and whilst Surveyor General of the State. At his death in 1829 it came into the possession of his Grandson John B. Whitelaw of Ryegate, VT , then 23 years old, who had learned surveying from his Grandfather, and who followed the profession at various times during his life, lastly in Wisconsin. John B. Whitelaw died in Griggsville, Ills., Dec. 4th 1884 at residence of his sister Susan White, and the identical compass, magnet, chain &c. purchased from John Gardener, sent to Vermont in 1784 and used by General Whitelaw while Surveyor General, is now in possession of his Great Grandson, Geo. P. Whitelaw of St. Louis, Mo. About the year 1864 Thos. Goodwillie of Barnet, VT, read a paper on the life of General Whitelaw before the Historical Society of Vermont at its meeting in St. Johnsbury, in which he suggested acquiring the surveying instruments, considering they would be a valuable addition to their Historical collections. This sketch of Genl. Whitelaws life was published in the Caledonian of St. Johnsbury Nov 18, 1864, and Geo. P. Whitelaw finding a copy of same among his fathers effects, has concluded to offer to donate these Surveying instruments to the Historical Society of the State of Vermont, if they so desire. There is no doubt of the identity of these instruments. The compass having John Gardeners name on the face, and it came direct from Genl. Whitelaw to his Grandson John B. Whitelaw, and who only died in December last, and from him to his son Geo. P. Whitelaw of St. Louis Mo., who makes this offer.
Name/Title
Magnet
Entry/Object ID
1885.1.2
Description
U-shaped metal magnet.
Context
Used by James Whitelaw of Ryegate, Vermont's second Surveyor General.
Acquisition
1885.1
Lexicon
Dimensions
Relationships
Whitelaw, James
Related Place
Town
Ryegate
County
Caledonia County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Magnifying Glass
Name/Title
Magnifying Glass
Entry/Object ID
1922.13
Description
Round magnifying lens held in a brass frame. The frame and handle are made of one strip of metal, bent to form a triangle for the handle, and curled into a whorl at the ends.
Acquisition
1922.13
Made/Created
1850-1890
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Brass, Glass
Manual Typewriter
Name/Title
Manual Typewriter
Entry/Object ID
2010.72.23
Description
Black typewriter with the label "REMINGTON RAND" at the center top. The typewriter has round, black keys marked with gold letters and numbers, plus unmarked shift keys and keys for tab, Margin Release, Set, and Clear.
Context
Used at the Cecchini Pharmacy in Barre, Vermont
Acquisition
2010.72
Made/Created
Remington Rand
1945-1950
20th Century
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Cecchini Pharmacy
Related Place
City
Barre City
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Marking Gauge
Name/Title
Marking Gauge
Entry/Object ID
1952.29.1a
Description
Marking gauge consisting of a wooden block clamped on a square wooden dowel. The block loosens with a wooden screw and has a metal tip protruding out of one side.
Use
Used to scribe lines an even distance from the edge of a board.
Acquisition
1952.29
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal
Marking Gauge
Name/Title
Marking Gauge
Entry/Object ID
1944.7.13
Description
Marking gauge consisting of a wooden rod with a metal ring fitted to one side. A wood peg is inserted into the opposite end.
Use
Used to draw straight lines in set distances from an edge.
Acquisition
1944.7
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Marking Stamp
Name/Title
Marking Stamp
Entry/Object ID
1953.30.2
Description
Marking stamp consisting of a metal stamp with a wooden knob handle. The stamps reads, "West Montpelier". The adjustable date stamp screws to the main body of the stamp.
Use
Used to postmark mail
Acquisition
1953.30
Made/Created
May 1865-1866
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Wood, Brass, Rubber
Marking Stamp
Name/Title
Marking Stamp
Entry/Object ID
1953.30.5
Description
Stamp consisting of a rectangular base and turned black-painted wooden knob handle. The adjustable date is entered as "Apr 03, 1935 p.m." with the 3 in "03" inserted backward. The rest of the stamp reads, "Putnamville". It accompanied by a postmarked envelope illustrating the stamp.
Use
Used to postmark mail.
Acquisition
1953.30
Made/Created
Cooper Stamp Works
1935
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal, Rubber
Relationships
Related Place
Village
Putnamville
Town
Middlesex
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Match Holder
Name/Title
Match Holder
Entry/Object ID
1964.63.168
Description
Metal match holder that has two holes so it could be screwed to a wall. It was made by children at the College Moderne et Technique at Montceau Les Mines. It is made of bent and crimped tin.
Context
Given to the people of Vermont from the people of France as part of the Merci Train after World War II.
Acquisition
1964.63
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Tin
Matches
Name/Title
Matches
Entry/Object ID
1939.2a-c
Description
Wooden stick matches. The matches are connected at one end with masking tap. The other ends are tapered and tipped with a red substance
Context
Made at Luke Roberts' mill in Waterbury, Vermont
Acquisition
1939.2
Made/Created
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Relationships
Roberts, Luke
Maul
Name/Title
Maul
Entry/Object ID
1947.6.5
Description
Wooden post-driver. There are heavy metal bands around both ends of the head, which has blown out outside of the bands. A short wood handle is inserted into the center bottom of the head.
Acquisition
1947.6
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Grafton
County
Windham County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Meat Maul
Name/Title
Meat Maul
Entry/Object ID
1952.27
Description
Wooden mallet with square head. The ends of the head are carved with grooves.
Use
Used to tenderize meat by pounding it
Acquisition
1952.27
Lexicon
Materials
Wood
Meat Maul
Name/Title
Meat Maul
Entry/Object ID
1955.17
Description
Meat maul consisting of a toothed piece of metal attached to a wooden handle.
Use
Used to tenderize cuts of meat prior to cooking.
Acquisition
1955.17
Lexicon
Medical Case
Name/Title
Medical Case
Entry/Object ID
1950.8.2a-q
Description
Leather case containing surgical instruments. There are 16 pieces plus needles and thread. The case folds out with four flaps and secures with two sets of metal snaps. The interior is lined with red fabric.
Context
Owned by Dr. William A. Grover. Grover studied at Vermont Medical College in Woodstock, Vermont, in 1842, then travelled to California to practice in 1849.
Acquisition
1950.8
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather
Relationships
Grover, William Augustus, Vermont Medical College
,
Medical Case
Name/Title
Medical Case
Entry/Object ID
1960.191.1a-g
Description
Leather tool roll with miscellaneous blades and lances. The roll consists of an outer layer of light leather and a lining of dark leather. Across the center of the lining is a strip of dark leather, sewn down at intervals to create tubes or pockets. Bladed tools with tortoiseshell handles are inserted into the pockets. There are leather flaps at both the top and bottom, and the case closes by rolling it up.
Context
Used by Dr. Amori Benson in Landgrove, Vermont
Acquisition
1960.191
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Leather, Metal, Tortoiseshell
Relationships
Benson, Amori (1799-1876)
Related Place
Town
Landgrove
County
Bennington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Medical Kit
Name/Title
Medical Kit
Entry/Object ID
1943.2a-g
Description
Black leather satchel containing two glasses frames (one with one lens), a small round wooden box, and four tortoiseshell knife cases.
Context
Used by Dr. Hathaway of Cabot, Vermont
Acquisition
1943.2
Made/Created
1880-1920
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tortoiseshell, Leather, Metal
Relationships
Hathaway, Clarence L. (1846-1930)
Related Place
Town
Cabot
County
Washington County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.85
Description
Small, turned unfinished wooden medicine bottle with a cork stopper. There is a paper label printed with, "A SURE CURE FOR/That Distressed Feeling/DIRECTION/TAKE ONCE MORNING AND NIGHT".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.86
Description
Small, unfinished wooden medicine bottle with a wooden stopper. The bottle has a simple molding at the top, and the remains of a paper label showing the inscription, "CO., Inc./MANUFACTURERS".
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.87ab
Description
Cylindrical, turned wooden pill bottle or box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.95
Description
Small, turned wooden medicine bottle with a wooden stopper. It has a white paper label saying, "Will's English Pills" and directions for taking them.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Medicine Bottle
Name/Title
Medicine Bottle
Entry/Object ID
2020.22.97ab
Description
Cylindrical, turned wooden pill bottle or box.
Context
Made by Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company in Brandon, VT
Acquisition
2020.22
Made/Created
Newton & Thompson Manufacturing Company
Lexicon
Milk Can
Name/Title
Milk Can
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.6
Description
Quart-size tin milk can with lid. The can is cylindrical with an applied handle.
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Metal
Milk Can
Name/Title
Milk Can
Entry/Object ID
1981.9.1
Description
Tin cream or milk can. The top of the cover is stamped with the mark, "Franklin Co. Cry. Assoc. / St. Albans, VT." The sloping portion of the can is marked, "FCCA" in large brass letters. Each handle is marked "IRON CLAD".
Context
Made in St. Albans, Vermont and used in Fairfield, Vermont.
Acquisition
1981.9
Made/Created
Franklin County Creamery Association
1919-1939
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Metal
Relationships
Related Place
Town
Fairfield
County
Franklin County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Milk Pan
Name/Title
Milk Pan
Entry/Object ID
1957.3.15
Description
Tin milk pan with a round base and flaring sides form of 4 sheets of tin.
Acquisition
1957.3
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Milk Pan
Name/Title
Milk Pan
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.217
Description
Round milk settling pan with with flared sides. The sides are pieced from five sheets.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Milk Pan
Name/Title
Milk Pan
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.216
Description
Round milk settling pan with with flared sides. The sides are pieced from five sheets.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Tin
Milk Pan
Name/Title
Milk Pan
Entry/Object ID
1976.43.218
Description
Round milk settling pan with with flared sides. The sides are pieced from four sheets.
Acquisition
1976.43
Lexicon
Dimensions
Materials
Tin
Milking Piggin
Name/Title
Milking Piggin
Entry/Object ID
1958.1.1432
Description
Copper milking piggin consisting of a cup on a long metal handle. The cup is flared toward the base, and shaped at the top for pouring. The pouring spout is set perpendicular to the handle.
Acquisition
1958.1
Lexicon
Mirror
Name/Title
Mirror
Entry/Object ID
1969.1.18
Description
Small hand mirror with wooden frame. The frame and handle are carved as one. The mirror is oval.
Acquisition
1969.1
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood
Miter-Box Saw
Name/Title
Miter-Box Saw
Entry/Object ID
1994.51.2
Description
Saw and miter-box consisting of a handsaw inserted through a metal mount attached to two perpendicular wooden boards. There is a paper label on the backside of the miter-box that says it is a Perfection Miter Box, manufactured by Union Hardware Co. of Torrington, Conn. USA. It lists two patent dates: Jan. 8, 1901 and Dec. 23, 1902. Underneath this information are directions for use of this tool. The word "Perfection" is also found on the metal device that holds the saw in place. On the top of the saw blade are the words, "Cast steel, Henry Disston and Sons, Philadelphia and Warranted." A large screw head on the wooden handle has the company name - H. Disston & Sons and an abbreviation for Philadelphia - "Philada."
Context
Used by Joseph A. Gassette of Burlington, Vermont
Acquisition
1994.51
Made/Created
1902
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Iron, Steel
Relationships
Gassette, Joseph A. (1861-1930)
Related Place
City
Burlington
County
Chittenden County
State/Province
Vermont
Country
United States of America
Continent
Molding Plane
Name/Title
Molding Plane
Entry/Object ID
1951.6.1b
Description
Saw-handled wood plane. The plane has a metal lip on the bottom so that the blade runs evenly with the edge of the wood.
Context
Used by Dexter Trow Larkin to make cases for the Vermont State Cabinet (the precursor to the Vermont History Museum)
Acquisition
1951.6
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Larkin, Dexter Trow (1833-1911)
,
Molding Plane
Name/Title
Molding Plane
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.1
Description
Tool for making a variety of beaded edges in wood. The tool is made of brass, and the handle is made of polished wood. The circular blade has many indentations and turns when the thumbscrew is released. The fence on the bottom of the tool acts as a guide. The tool bears a paper label reading, "Windsor Hand Bead/Pat. March 10, 1885/Pat. for imp. allowed May 6, 1885/Pool, Williams & Co., Windsor, Vt.".
Use
Used to carve molded beads into wood. The craftsman would hold the two side handles and pull the tool toward himself.
Context
Made by Pool, Williams, & Co. in Windsor, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made/Created
Pool, Williams & Co.
1885
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Brass
Molding Plane
Name/Title
Molding Plane
Entry/Object ID
1951.6.1a
Description
Saw-handled wood plane. The plane has lip on the bottom so that the blade runs evenly with the edge of the wood.
Context
Used by Dexter Trow Larkin to make cases for the Vermont State Cabinet (the precursor to the Vermont History Museum)
Acquisition
1951.6
Lexicon
Materials
Wood, Metal
Relationships
Larkin, Dexter Trow (1833-1911)
,
Molding Plane
Name/Title
Molding Plane
Entry/Object ID
1957.13.3
Description
Molding plane with wooden box-body. The box has a metal attachment that creates a lip at the bottom.
Acquisition
1957.13
Lexicon
Molding Plane
Name/Title
Molding Plane
Entry/Object ID
1957.13.4
Description
Molding plane with wooden box-body. The box has an extended sole and shaped wedge.
Acquisition
1957.13
Lexicon
Molding Plane
Name/Title
Molding Plane
Entry/Object ID
1975.494.2
Description
Molding plane with wooden box-body. The box has an extended sole and shaped wedge.
Context
Made in Jamaica, Vermont
Acquisition
1975.494
Made/Created
Lexicon
Dimensions
Overall
Materials
Wood, Metal
Mortar and Pestle
Name/Title
Mortar and Pestle
Entry/Object ID
1954.40.3a-b
Description
Large wooden mortar and pestle. The mortar is turned with horizontal scribe lines around the exterior. The pestle flares outward toward the base.
Acquisition
1954.40
Mortar and Pestle
Name/Title
Mortar and Pestle
Entry/Object ID
1932.4.2a-b
Description
Large wooden mortar and pestle.
Context
Owned by Jonas Galusha, the sixth and eighth Governor of Vermont.
Acquisition
1932.4<