Use the links below to find more information about each event
- The American Colonization Society formed.
- The Missouri Compromise: Missouri was admitted as a slave state.
- Maine was admitted as a free state.
- The rest of the Louisiana Territory was free.
- Colony established on the West Coast of Africa, this eventually would become the nation of Liberia.
- The Liberator begins publication. This newspaper, published by William Lloyd Garrison, spread the belief of immediate emancipation.
- The American Anti-Slavery Society formed.
- California applies for admission to the Union as a free state.
- Compromise of 1850.
- California was admitted as a free state.
- The Texas boundary was set at its present limits.
- The territories of New Mexico and Utah were organized.
- A stronger fugitive slave law was enacted.
- The slave trade was suppressed in the District of Columbia.
- Publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe.
- Kansas-Nebraska Act: allowed residents in the new territories to decide for themselves whether or not there would be slavery. This act invalidated the Compromise of 1820.
- The Dred Scott Decision: this court decision stated that Dred Scott was not a citizen; that residence in a free territory did not make Scott free; and that Congress lacked the power to bar slavery from a territory, as it had done in the Missouri Compromise.
- Resolution passed in the Georgia Senate: “Resolved, that his Excellency President Pierce, be requested to employ a sufficient number of able-bodied Irishmen to proceed to the State of Vermont and dig a ditch around the limits of the same, and float ‘the thing’ into the Atlantic.”
- The Lincoln-Douglas debates
- John Brown raids Harpers Ferry.
- Democratic party splits in half.
- Abraham Lincoln elected president.
- South Carolina secedes from the Union.
- Confederacy established.
- Attack on Fort Sumter.
- Emancipation Proclamation delivered by Abraham Lincoln, declaring freedom for slaves who lived in rebelling states.
- Fourteenth Amendment ratified.
- Fifteenth Amendment ratified.