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18301830 CensusUS census records contain a wealth of information about the population and demographics of the states. Students, teachers and researchers can use the details of the census to examine topics ranging from changes in population over time to changing attitudes towards immigration and gender roles.

Population figures for Vermont towns from 1790 to 2010 can be found on the Vermont History Explorer website.

The United States Census Bureau website has scanned copies of the published results of the census from 1790 through 2010. For ease of access to the records for Vermont, excerpts for the state counts are available as pdf files below.

Vermont in 1791 (PDF 0.4 MB) - Guildhall in 1791

Vermont in 1791 Head of Household list (PDF 9.0 MB)

Vermont in 1791 Head of Household index (PDF 6.3 MB)

Vermont in the 1800s

Vermont in 1800 (PDF 4.6 MB) - Enosburgh in 1800

Vermont in 1810 - manufacturing only (PDF 0.9 MB) - Holland in 1810

Vermont in 1820 (PDF 0.4 MB) - Chelsea in 1820

Vermont in 1830 (PDF 0.1 MB) - South Hero in 1830

Vermont in 1840 (PDF 1.9 MB) - Hubbardton in 1840

Vermont in 1850 (PDF 2.2 MB) - Dorset in 1850

Vermont in 1860 (PDF 1.1 MB) - Springfield in 1860

Vermont in 1870 (PDF 1.2 MB) - Stowe in 1870

Vermont in 1880 (PDF 2.1 MB) - Bristol in 1880

Vermont in 1890 (PDF 1.9 MB)

Vermont in the 1900s

Vermont in 1900 (PDF 3.6 MB) - Colchester in 1900

Vermont in 1910 (PDF 3.5 MB) - Peacham in 1910

Vermont in 1920 (PDF 2.9 MB) - Burlington in 1920

Vermont in 1930 (PDF 4.6 MB) - Barre in 1930

Vermont in 1940 (PDF 5.3 MB) - Vernon in 1940

Vermont in 1950 (PDF 7.0 MB)

Vermont in 1960 (PDF 2.5 MB)

Vermont in 1970 (PDF 3.9 MB)

Vermont in 1980 (PDF 4.9 MB)

Vermont in 1990 (PDF 3.8 MB)

Vermont in the 2000s

Vermont in 2000 (PDF 8.7 MB)

Vermont in 2010 (PDF 5.9 MB)

Ideas for Census Record Lessons

Examine the 1791 census count from Guildhall. Make inferences about the town based on the data. Who lived in the town? Look up Guildhall in the Head of Household list for a transcription of the records. Whose names were listed in the records? Whose names were left out?

Look at the census forms for Hubbardton in 1840 and Vernon in 1940. Compare the information the government collected in these two census counts. What do the changes in questions suggest about societal changes between 1840 and 1940?

Print the bar graphs and use the town census records to graph the changes in population over time. What events influenced the changes in population? How does your town graph compare to graphs from other towns?

Analyze Vermont's total population. In which decades did Vermont's total population decrease? What was happening in the United States in these decades that might have contributed to the decline in population? In which decade did Vermont's population grow by the greatest amount? What events contributed to this growth?

Additional Census Record Resources

US Census Bureau - Through the Decades includes information about census questionnaires

1940 Census at the National Archives

Ancestry.com (subscription site)

Archives.com (subscription site)

Genealogy Genius blank census transcription forms