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Vermont: 1820-1850

 

America: 1820-1850

1820

Vermont's population is 235,966. Windsor is the largest town with 3,170 people.

 

1820

The U. S. Congress passes the Missouri Compromise prohibiting slavery north of latitude 36 30' and balancing the number of free states and slave states.

1821

Representatives from the Lowell, Massachusetts textile mills come to the state recruiting women to work in the mills.

   

1822

Castleton Medical College opens in a new building that cost of $2,300.

   

1823

The Champlain Canal opens connecting Lake Champlain to the Hudson River.

The first normal school for teacher training in America is opened in Concord by Samuel Hall.

   
   

1824

John Quincy Adams is chosen president in a run-off election decided in U S. House of Representatives.

The American Temperance Society is founded at Boston.

1825

Lafayette tours Vermont.

 

1825

The Erie Canal opens, connecting the Hudson River to Buffalo, New York.

1826

William Jarvis of Weathersfield attends the Harrisburg Convention in Pennsylvania which advocates a U. S. protective tariff that would benefit Vermont's sheep industry.

 

1826

Former Presidents and Revolutionary leaders John Adams and Thomas Jefferson both die on July 4.

1827

Abdiel Kent purchases land in Calais and within the next two years begins manufacturing shoes and boots.

   

1828

The Anti-Masonic movement begins to gain support in Vermont.

 

1828

Andrew Jackson is elected president. He doesn't win a single county in Vermont.

1830

Spring flooding causes extensive damage in the state.

The population of Vermont is 280,652. Middlebury is the largest town with 3,468 people.

   

1831

Thaddeus Fairbanks of St. Johnsbury patents his first scale.

   

1832

Simeon and Jared Carter, Benson natives and missionaries for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) convert 100 Vermonters to the new religion.

 

1832

South Carolina refuses to obey the federal tariff law believing it interferes with state's rights. President Jackson sends federal troops to South Carolina in preparation to enforce the law. Vice President John C. Calhoun of South Carolina resigns.

1833

The first Catholic Church in Vermont is established in Burlington.

Rachel and Rowland Thomas Robinson are founding members of the Ferrisburgh Anti-Slavery Society.

   

1834

Vermont's Anti-Slavery Society is formed.

   

1835

Abolitionist Samuel May is mobbed and prevented from speaking in Montpelier.

Lamoille County is incorporated.

 

1835

The Second Seminole War begins in Florida when U.S. troops try to force the tribe to move from their homeland. The Seminoles continue their resistance until 1842 when the U.S. abandons its removal efforts.

1836

Vermont adopts a bicameral legislature (House and Senate) by amending the Vermont Constitution, replacing the appointed Governor's Council with an elected senate.

The Vermont Asylum for the Insane is founded in Brattleboro; during its first six years 424 patients are treated

 

1836

The War of Texas Independence ends and the Republic of Texas is established.

1837

The new State House, designed by Ammi Young, is completed in Montpelier.

The first blast furnace begins operations at Isaac Tyson Jr.'s iron mine near Plymouth.

Midget Weevils destroy the wheat crop.

 

1837

A financial panic (rooted in the withdrawal of federal funds from the Bank of the United States) causes an economic depression.

Abolitionist editor, Elijah P. Lovejoy, is killed by a mob in Alton, Illinois.

1838

John Humphrey Noyes founds his Perfectionist community in Putney.

Henry Stevens, Daniel Thompson, Oramel Smith and George Mansur found the Vermont Historical Society.

 

1838

Cherokees are forcefully removed from their native territory, in Georgia, to Oklahoma leaving the "Trail of Tears." During this forced march by Federal troops more than 4,000 Cherokees die from disease and exhaustion.

1840

Daniel Webster is greeted by more than 10,000 people at Stratton Mountain during the presidential campaign for Whig William Henry Harrison.

The population of Vermont is 291,948. Burlington is the largest city with 4,271 people. There are 1.5 million sheep in Vermont.

 

1840

William Henry Harrison is elected president after a hard-fought campaign in which eighty percent of eligible voters cast ballots. He dies after only a month in office.

1842

Northern Vermont is hit with epidemic of erysipelas. Over thirty people in Danville die from this disease of the skin and underlieing tissue.

   

1843

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass is well received during his lecture tour of the state.

The followers of religious leader William Miller gather for the end of the world but nothing happens.

The Chambly Canal opens up a water route to Montreal from Lake Champlain.

   

1844

The first liquor control law passes, fixing fees for licenses and establishing county commissioners to issue them.

 

1844

Joseph Smith, leader of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, is killed in Illinois.

1845

The Act for the Regulation of Common Schools is passed by the General Assembly calling for reforms in teacher training, supervision, and the quality of textbooks.

 

1845

Texas is admitted to the Union as a slave state.

   

1846

The Oregon Treaty is signed with Great Britain. Present-day Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and parts of Wyoming and Montana are acquired by the United States.

The United States goes to war with Mexico.

1847

Irish workmen, building the railroad between Montpelier and Burlington, riot in Bolton after not being paid for a few months. The militia is called in, but everyone is calmed by a Catholic priest who is called to the scene. The workmen were never paid and work on the line stopped until 1849.

   

1848

Vermont's first train passes on the twenty-seven miles of tracks from White River Junction to Bethel.

 

1848

The Women's Rights Convention organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton is held at Seneca Falls, New York. They issue the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments, asserting that, "We hold these truths to be self evident that all men and women are created equal."

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican War. The U.S. acquires the new territory that will become California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah.

1849

Vermont legislature declares slavery to be "a crime against humanity."

 

1849

The gold rush begins in California with the discovery of ore at Sutter's Mill.

1850

The population of Vermont is 314,120. Burlington is the largest city with 6,110 people.

 

1850

The Fugitive Slave Act is passed by the U.S. Congress declaring it a federal offense to harboring an escaped slave.